Newspaper Page Text
%\t W?Mm\\ n? jSoutjiroR.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 31, 1895.
The Sumter Watchman was founded
in 1850 and the True Southron in 1866.
The Watchman and Southron now has
the combined circulation and influence
of both of the old papers, and is mani
festly the best advertising medium in
If Gov. Tillman bad tried he could
not bave devised a plan for regulating
the suffrage question that suits us lese.
Well, we knew the Conservatives
would not go into a primary, and said
so weeks ago. Now the prediction has
The speeches delivered at constitu
tional convention campaign meetings in
different parts of the State are alike in
the large amount of information and
statesmanship that tbey do not contain.
We are impressed with the idea that
the people of Samter county know just
a little more about managing their own
affairs than any one outside can tell
them. We generally manage to land
all right, no natter bow long we
wrangle nor how much advice we re
It may be claimed that the meeting
' of Reformers Friday was composed
of only forty or fifty men, and repre
sented only themselves This is but
a? ?-ile assertion. The fact is that the
meeting represented twelve of the nine
teen clubs controlled by the Reformers.
That looks like representing some
The ticket nominated by the Con
servatives and Reformers independently
of each other and then ratified as the
joint ticket of the Democrats of Sum ter
County, is made op of as good men as
Samter county affords. Three-fourths
of the Reformers will support it to the
end, come what may, and the-Conserv
atives are back of it to a man.
"Le men who bave an itching to
climb into higher offices by means of
the Populist party are trying to gal
vanize the alliance to life. The alli
ance has proved an utter failure as an
industrial and beneficial oaganization,
but as a political machine it was a
magnificent success. Henee the efforts
of the would-be office holders. They
know a good thing.
The Conservative men of both fac
tions in Sumter coooty are so willing t?
ignore factional lises, Irby primary and
persons who have kept them apart, that
the leaders and strife-stirrers are be
coming alarmed lest they speedily find
their occupation gone 9rA their shining
positions things of the past. There is
more substance and reality to the peace
and unity in Sumter county than the
regular politicians like.
The idea of Senator Irby being made
the highest judicial officer of the State j (
is too horrible for serious considera
tion. The rumor that originated in
Liureos and was published in the At
lanta Constitution is given to-day for
what it is worth. We cannot believe
that even irbj himself would desire to j '
see the judiciary of South Carolina de- '
bauched by placing at its head a man i j
who has been so notorious as he him- j <
self has been. The very idea of the ?
Chief Justice of South Caroliua being
created out of a man known to be a
The duty of every man in Sumter |
county who has the beet interest of the j <
county at heart will be to turn out and j
vote for the joint ticket at the election j
on August 20th. The ticket is a good 1 (
one and represents a large majority of j ]
the white citizens of lue county. The j1
?najority of the white people, who pay ! '
the greater part of the taxes of ?he \ '
county, and who are most deeply and j ]
earnestly interested in the weli-beiog 1
and prcsoerity of the State, have rati- j ?
fied the nomination of this ticket and ! .
ail citizens should for once lay
aside personal preferences and indi
vidual bias and support the the ticket
as a whole. It will be the height of 1
folly to vote for only one, two, three or
u3ore of the nominees on the joint i ,
ticket, fcr by doing so the election of! !
much less acceptable tuen will be pro- <
moted. There will be other tickets in ?
the field, composed of men who repre !
sent no one but themselves, and whose ,
election would be a reflection on Sum- I
ter County ; therefore we see but one >
wise course for all good citizens to pur- j
sue?vote the joint ticket at the gen
eral election. j}
The Primary Election.
1A Very Light Vote?The Con
ser vatives Take Little Part
Anywhere and the Re
The primary election yesterday
excited little orno interest any wheve,
and the vole polled was the lightest
ever known in a primary election
held in this State.
The full returns are not yet o b
tainable, but those already in show
that the Conservatives did not partic
ipate hi the election to any great ex
tent anywhere in the State, and that
the Reformers themselves were very
indifferent. The result of the pri
mary was, of course, favorable to the
Reformers, but in some of the coun
ties where compromise tickets were
run, the joint tickets were nominated.
In Anderson two Conservatives
and three Reformers were nominated,
and two Reformers will have to run
over for the sixth place.
Barnwell nominated a full Reform
ticket, and Clarendon did the same.
In Cheeteriield county three Re
formers were nominated on a very
light vote. In the town of Cheraw
only twenty votes were cast.
Darlington voted for a straight
Reform ticket. Conservatives held
aloof. At the Darlington preoinct
only twelve votes were cast.
The indications are that B. R
Tillman, VV. . Timmerman, W. J
Talbert, George D. Tiilman, R.
Watson, and Jno. C. Sheppard were
nominated in Edgefield.
Greenville nominated two Conser
vatives and four Reformers.
Georgetown nominated one Re
former and one Conservative and left
one place blank for the Republicans
Newberry voted for a divided del
egation?two Reformers and two
The result in Spartanburg was in
doubt, with the Conservative ticket
in the lead, but the precincts still to
be heard from will probably elect Re
No reports of interest from the
[>tber counties have been received.
One of rhe greatest spectacular per
formances at tbe Cotton States and
international Exposition this fall will
be the r-. roduction in fireworks of the
storming ?-f Wei-hai-wei in tbe recent
war between China and Japan. Tbe
performance will begin with tbe first
sight of the Exposition and on ti nue
?very night for nearly a month. Im
mense sea .oldings will be erected on
tbe north end of the lake, on which
will be stretched the painted scenery of
tbe company. The position is ooenbat
nay be plainly seen from almost any
part of the grounds. Huodeds of real
Chinese and Japanese will be in the
production, and the sight will be ex
tremely realistic. The attack of
the Japs will be made from tbe lake
in ships modelled after the Japanese
war vessels. The storming parties will
land in the face of a terrific cannonade
ind the City of Wei-hai-wei will be
taken by storm. Over a thousand dol
lars* worth of fireworks will be burned
it. every performance. It is probably ?
the grandest and most realistic scenic
production of the age, and will be one
)f the greatest attractions in the spec
tacular way at tbe Exposition.
The Southern Planter says tbe com- j
sieted returns of the cotton crop of
L894 have now been published, and
>how the crop to have been one of ;
),476,435 bale?, the largest crop ever ;
*rown. An examination of the details
)f thiecrop show how utterly impossible
it is for cotton growing to be profitable, ;
?ven at a price much io excess of that
obtained for this crop under existiog
sondinone of production. The largest j
production per acre was in Arkansas, j
where nearly half a bale per acre was ;
jrowD. In'North and South Carolina. !
ibout one third of a bale per acre was
raised, whilst in Virginia not quitp a ;
quarter of a bale was grown per acre, j
With such yields as these, even if cot- j
ton sold for ten cents per pound, no j
planter could afford to grow it, and at
the same time purchase his home sup- ;
ies A third of a bale per acrj, even ;
it ten cents per pound, means only ?10
per acre gross returns. At five cen's
per pound, a means only ?8 per acre.
When the cost of the labor and ferti
lizer is deducted, the balance cannot
?t-ave anything whercwi:h to buy. mear,
Dread aod clotbiug. Yet. not withstand
Ing all that we havf said on the sub
ect. and the fact that for many years
planters have been saving that they
jannot make cotton for less than ten
jents per pouud, large numbers still i
persist in planting cottun and neglcoting
their food supplies It is true that the .
;rop area for this year shows a reduc
tion of 15 per cent., ami it tuay fairly
De presumed that a larger area is p''^t_
in corn, yet it will need a much
greater change than this to bring pro*
^crity to Southern cotton planters.
SVe trust that the experience of the past
pear is going to be a lesson tor the
:uture, and that every effort will be
ilade to increase the production of
jome supplies. It is not too late yet
to make fodder for live stock, and
)Otatoes, both sweet and Irish, for
lome consumption, for man aud beast. !
MR. THOMAS AND THE COM
He Wants it Understood That N<
Factional Lines Are to be
The annexed correspondence between Mr
H. R. Thomas on the one hand ami Maj
Marion Moise, Coi. R. D. Lee and Judgi
Thos. B. Fraser, on the other, is publishec
at the request of Mr. ThoniHS, who appear:
to believe it so necessary to k^p the twt
factions thoroughly separated Hnd absolutely
distinct that it mus'be so stated in writing
The correspondence is published as irjfonna
tion, but with no idea that it will aid in th<
restoration of good feeling or promote tb<
election of the joint ticket to any appreciable
Maj. Marion Moise, Chairman Conservativi
Democratic Party, Sumter County, and Col
R. D. Lee and Judge T. B. Fraser, Can
didatos for the Constitutional Convention.
Gentlemen : A majority of the Reform fac
tion have worked hard for a compromise
ticket for Sumter County inside the Demo
cratic party. On iast Friday it w?3 my reso
lution which called the Democratic Executive
Committee together to overrule Mr. Keels'
ruling in regard to pledges and go into the
primary election. With me the executive
committee had a majority, without me there
was no quorum. In a matter of vital con
sequence everything should be frank, certain
and specific. Maj Moise introduced a reso
lution before the executive committee, doing
away with the primary to wh-ch our faction
j were committed, by mass meetiog and other
wise. ? withdrew because of this resolution,
leaving no quorum.
The Conservative Convention then passed
a resolution which may be construed that
the Reformers place themselves under the
Conservative Executive Committee aod ig
nore the County Democratic Executive Com
mittee. This construction is obnoxious to
our faction, who will only work for the com
promise ticket inside the Democratic party on
terms of perfect equality.
Now in order that we may understand
each other and oceupv equal grounds and
co-op. rate together, I. as chairman of the
Reform faction, beg to know if ii is the in
tention to work together on terms of equal
ity inside the democratic party, thus making
a non-factional fight.
Yonr reply to this will govern our conduct
in the primary.
H. R. Thomas,
Pres't Reform Democrac v.
II. R. Thomas, Esq., President of the Reform
Dear Sir: In reply to the foregoing com
munication we beg to say : That it was not
j our understanding or intention that in nom
j inating aod electing the joint ticket that the
j Reformers were thereby placing themseives
j under the Conservative Committee ; on the
i contrary we understood and intended that jl
j was a purely non-factional agreemeot within
I the ranks qf the Democratic party.
We recognize those Reformers as Reformers
! still, and intended to express this idea more
I fully in the resolution refeired to
The election is not to be under the control
? of the Conservative Committee or faction,
, but under the joint control of both factions
j of the Democratic party upou terms of abso
I lute equality.
Marion M disk.,
R. D. Lee.
Sumter, July 2?>, 1895.
A goodly number of Reformers, who
were lsrly instrumental in bringing
about the truce between the two fac
tions and the nomination of a joint
ticket, are asking themselves, each
other, and some of the Conservatives
what Mr. H. R. Thomas was driving at
yesterday when he addressed that letter to
Maj. Moise and the Conservative candidates
for the Constititutional Convention. They
are of the decided opinion that Mr. Thomas
has nothing to do with the joint ticket ; that
when he withdrew from the committee on
Friday last that his connection with that
branch of the Reform faction ended and that
he has begun to meddle with things that
do not concern him. This is a Reform view
of the correspondence published Monday.
The Conservatives do not express any opinion
beyond the surmise that Thomas is up to
some new dodge. Or that be is apparently
afraid the two factions will get together and
in future factional lines wi!! be disregarded
in Sumter County.
The article of Mr J E. Norment in the
Sews and Courier of the 24th, telling of the
vineyards of Witiiarasburg and the large
profits realized by those who are growing
grapes for shipment, was read with interest
and curiosity by a great many people who
never once stop to think that what has'beeo
done in Williarcsburg can be done with even
greater facility in Sumter. Grapes ot al
most every variety flourish in this soil and
climate as they do in few places. The yield
is large, the quality as fioe as produced any
<?her* and the crop certain. All that is
needed is the varieties best suited for ship
ment and intelligent cultivation. The farm
ers and land owners of Sumter county are
neglecting an industry that the farmers of
W??amsburg find very profitable.
Mr. James Reave.*, of the Coucord section
was in town Thursday morning and called at
this office to show samples of his this year's
tobacco crop. In the lot o' samples be had
with him wer?- an ??ssorirnont or extr? lemon
wrappers, fancy cutters a:."i severa! grades ot
fine smoker?. The sani; 1rs were examined
by a tobacco man, who sni 1 that the tobacco
would seil os a warehouse ii for 2u to 6*5
cents according to ???- several grades. Mr.
Reaves lias already cured three barns from
four acres and had ont- barn of the finest
tobacco that he raised burned. The average
of his crop he sai i '.vh? very good, and that it
bad .-ill cured finely ?o tar. The burning of
the barn was a heavy loss to his crop which
would have proven quite profitable. Mr
Reaves will bring bis crop t.. ibi? market :'<>:
sale it the price- In :?? compare favorably with
hose i other pince?.
- ? ? ?? ? ?
Remember?only sue!, medicine* were
admitted for exhibition at the World'? Fair
a.-- are accepted lor use, by physicians, in the
practice of medicine, Ayer's Sarsaparille,
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, and Ayer's Pills !
being included in the list. They art 9tan
ard medicines. 1
Mr. Editor .-?There are times when the
discussion of certain questions becomes of
5 1 paramount importance because it sets men to
! thinking, and without this education is a fai1
j ure ora'.togethet futile. And what iseducation
but the preparation of men to grapple with
. tbe problems of their environment ; and witb
\ out it how can they become masters of the
autonomy of their government, without
? which citizenship is hut a poor boon or alto
1 gether futile.
3 Those thoughts are suggested by a con
> sideration of some of the problems which
confront U9. And first is the matter of the
ballot. This we regard not as an inherent,
but rather as tin acquired right. By way of
illustration, here is a young man, say 2G
years of age, in every way qualified to vote
( safely ; here \s another man, 30 years ohi, ic
ino way qualified to vote except in the mere
matter of age. To tbe first tbe law says
: "You cannot rote"; to the second it says
j "You are at liberty to exercise this privi
i If it is right and just to require a certain
j number of years as a prerequisite, why not
\ go farther and say you must also be quali
" fied to cast an intelligent and safe ballot ?
We have always been opposed to ari unre
stricted ballot. And again, what right ?
under heaven has a man to cast a vote bear
ing upon the estate of a property holder when
he owns nothing himself? And again, a re
: striction would not be permanent, hut
j should be a stimulus to the di?qualified to
; prepare themselves to discbarge this inestima
ble privilege intelligently, safely and justly.
I We therefore ha7e always been opposed to an
; unrestricted ballot, and favored a qualified
I and safe suffrage that individuals and tbe
I government might be protracted ir. the safe
exercise of this great and inestimable func
j tion and privilege of citizenship.
Then if it be right to regard man as an
; infant in the eye of the law, in connection
I with tbe ballot, until he has reached bis 21st
: year, surely it would be bur consistent to
still regard him as such till he has acquired
the essential of an intelligent and safe suf
frage. With regard to what constitutes
these esseotials and their bearing upon the
I momentous question of negro suffrage, we
'may have something to say in a future
article. John* H. Fcbman, M. D.
Privateer, July 28, '95.
A sii'ch in time."?A dose of Ayer's
Pills bas saved manya fit of sickness ; bat
' when a remedy dors not happen to be at
i hand, slight ailments are liab'e to be neglect
I ed, and tbe result, frequently, is 9enous ill
; ness ; therefore always be supplied with
! Ayer's Pills.
Blank books of all kinds at H. G. Osteen &
i The r?gulation forb?dtog bicycle riding on
! the wej! side of Main Streeet front the depot
j to the corner < Republican Street has been
: disregarded to., great degree t>v the ladies
i who ride the wheel. They h*vr been accus
I Joined to ride on the forbidden sidewalk
I from lb* depot to Witherspoon"* coffin fac
! tory wiihout reference to the city ordinance,
and this custom cot two young ladies into
trouble a few evenings ago. This trouble
was nothing less than an arrest. They were
spinning along at ? brisk pAce, when Police
man Gallagher, who whs on duty on that
bear, signed them down and told them to
consider themselves under arrest. When
asked to give their names they refuses to do
so, hut this did not avail them anything for
Policeman Gallagher knew their names and
told them so. The ^oung ladies were released
without bail, and as the Mayor's Court has
not been in session since, they have not been
calied upon to answer to the charge of riding
I on forbidden ground. When they go before
Mayor Pierson he will probably be lenient
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for
any case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. j. Cheney & Co., Props, Toedo, 0.
We the undeisij?ued, have known F. j.
Cheney for the laat 15 years, and believe him
perfectly honorable in all business transac
tions and financially at>le to carry out any j
obligHtions made by their firm.
West&Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo.0.
Wiildmg, Kinnau & Marvin, Wholesale Drug
gists, Toledo, 0.
Hall's Citarrh Cure is taken internally, act
ing directiy upon the blood and mucous sur
faces of the system Price, 75c. per bottle.
Sold by all Druggists. Testimonials tree.
? ?? ?^
Harpers' Magazine, The Century, Cosmo
politan, Munsey's, The Illustrated American,
Review of Reviews, and McClure's Complete
life of Napoleou, just received at H. G.
Osteen & Co.'9 Book Store.
Success in Life
depends on little things. A RipansTabule isa
little thing, but taking one occasionally gives
good digestion, and that means good blood,
and that means good brain and brawn, and
that means success. 7?25?o
Schedule cf Freight Trains.
Monday, Wednesday and Friday:
Leave Florence 6 28 A.M.
Arrive Sumter 9 35 "
Leave Sumter 11 00 "
Arrive Lanes 3 00 P.M.
Tuesday, Thorsday and S&*urday:
Leave Lanes 9 00 A.M.
Arrive Sumter 1 10 P.M.
Leave Sumter 3 30 "
Arrive Florence 6 10 "
Daily, E e Sttoday.
Leave Atkins ? 30 A.M.
Arrive Sumter 9 10 "
Leave Sumter 5 00 P.M.
Arrive Atkins 5 40 *'
Both rrrtins have coach attached for ac
commodation or passengers.
For Colic, Cramps, Cholera Morbus and all
Summer Complaints, there is no cure equal to
Pain-Killer. Get a bottle to-day. Keep it con
stantly on hand, for there is no kind of pain or
ache?internal or external?that
will not relieve. Accept no imitation or substitute.
Genuine has Perry Davis & Son on bottle. The
J quantity has been doubled, but the price is still 25c.
Is Destructive to all Vegetable Parasites,
Bugs, Worms, Lice and Slugs.
This Powder contains POISON, but it is so thoroughly
mixed with fertilizers that it is perfectly safe if used with ordi
nary care. As it... a very lively fertilizer, a new growth will
be noticed immediately after application.
F. C. STUKTEVANT, Hartford, Conn.
Office : 216 State Street. Mills. 162 & 164 Commerce St.
For Sale in Sumter, at
CHINA'S DRUG STORE,
July 24 4 Price 5 Cents a Pound.
Paint Your Roofs.
Now is the time to Paint your Root's, and DIXON'S GRA
PHITE PAINT is the sort to use. One painting has been
known to last fifteen years.
We sell the Paint, or contract to put it on, guaranteeing satis
faction either way. [f you want a book on tins subject let us
MACHINERY OF ALL KINDS.
Belting, Oils and General Machinery Supplies. Sanitary Plumb
ing in ail its branches.
THE SUMTER MACHINERY AND SUPPLY HOUSE,
. B. BLOOM, Manager.
East Liberty St., Sumter, S. C.
?/y^5by<^ V ~?!?^
- ~/W.?uKeSon3&Co. ^ .
DURHAM. n.c. U.S.A
M ADS F??OM
High irado Tobacco
HARB Y # CO.,
AND PROPRIETORS OF
Cotton and General Storage
COURT HOUSE SQUARE.
Keep on consignment?
FEED OATS, SEED OATS,
COTTON SEED MEAL,
DRY SALT MEATS, HAMS, LARD.
SUGAR BAG CLOTH,
COTTON IRON TIES.
Ordere by sample for all goods in
the grocery line.
out of ten
out of sorts
bles can be
by that re
?? ? ' *1 "
which for more than 20 years
has been curing many people
of Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Ma
laria, Impure Blood, Neural
gia, Headache, Liverand Kid
ney troubles. It's the peculiar
combination of iron, the great
strength-giver, with selected
vegetable remedies of true
value that makes Brown's Iron
Bitters so good for strengthen
ing and purifying the system.
It is specially good for women
and children?it makes them
strong and rosy.
i>rc*ii's Iron Bitters is pleasant to ta!: \
and it will not stain the teeth nor c:r
co::st:oatior.. See the crossed red li -
nn the wrapper. Our book, "Ho-.
Live :\ Hundred Years," tells all aboi.:
lr< : i. r 2 ?. s:ar.-.n.
E Chemical Co., Baltimore. 11
MONEY TO LEND.
THE MORTGAGE COMPANIES HAVE
authorized us to resume the business of
lending money on improved farming lands,
and we are now prepared to consider apDlica
tions. LEE & MOISE.
June 26, '95?3 mos.
DAVIDSON, N. C.
Next Term Begins Sept. 12th.
Ample Laboratories, Apparatus.
Cabinets, Libraries, Readi?g Rooms.
Gymnasium, Bali Grounds, Tennis
Send for a Catalogue.
J. B. SHEARER, Prest.
Obtained, and sul ?'A'TEXT ':>'>. /.? at
tended to ; ?: MODERATE FEES 0::r office is
apposite the I'. > !'.-. :.? ofllee. :md ?.??? can ob
tain Patents iti loss timo than tl??**- ?> !>?,.?:> troia
IVASIIISGTOy. ?: MODE! .'?:. ) '!".v?; .-r
PHOTO of invontiott. \\.> :.d\.??.:- ?. j>aront
ability lroe of charco arid wo : .* ?? .'?" > ?iAUt?E
UXLESS l*ATEXT is SECt:KEl
For circular, advice, terms and references '
actual clients in your ?~>\\ ?; Stato, fount , tty :
Town, write io*t
Qppontt Few. Pf.ce. Washington, D C