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W TUB SDMTEK WATCHMAN, Established April, is50, "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims't at, be thy Conntry's, thy God's and Trnth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established Jane, 136
I Consolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUL'S 28, 1897. JXew Series-Yoi, XVI. So. 52
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Pabllshed Erery Wednesday, *
IV. O. Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
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Senatorial Candidates Appeal
They TeU Why They Think They
Shy JUbe Voted For.
The Richland coo o ty campaign meet*
iog was held at Shandon yesterday and
.was attended by abo at 350 people.
Senator M cL a ar in spok* first and
was received with enthusiasm.
fie called attention to the fact that
thc other candidates were discussing
state instead of national issue?, which
was not bis fault as be had endeavored
tc stick to national issues. There had
been salk of rings, bnt be thought
the audience woald agree that the only
combination was of three or four gen?
tlemen to defeat him. They may deny
being In a combination, bot they never
attack each other and ail pitch into
He objected to the scheme of time
limits, which were being used to choke
him off and prevent his foi! reply to the
attacks apon him sod his record.
He theo plunged into a discussion of
the money question, elucidating it
thoroughly and showing the great need
- for a restoration of bimetallism.
Then he turned to the tariff question,
apon wricb bjs views had been^o open?
ly and persistently misrepresented. It
takes about $500,000.000 to pay the'
expanses of this government. In the
Wilson bill, an income tax was relied
upon to furnish part of the revenue of
this country. Bot the supreme court
declared the income tax unconstitution?
al so the expenses Of this government
most be met wetb internal taxes and
tariff duties. He believed in a tariff
for reven oe. He read the tariff plank
of the platform on which Bryan rao
aod said be stoodopoa it, while Mr
Evans stood apoa the tariff plank of
the platform upon which Cleveland ran.
There can be no tariff for revenue only
without affording incidental protection.
This should be distributed without dis?
crimination agaiost class, section or in?
He called attention to the fact that his
opponents tried to create the impres?
iona! that he was responsible for the
rates of the Dingley bill.
Voice : Don't jump up against
McLaorio : No. The people have
jumped op against Mr. Evans and they
will continoe todo so. (Laughter aod
applause) Bat I am not here to make
jon ; btit to talk sense and business.
He toen showed how be had voted
agaiost everything in the Dingley bill,
unless it was something that would
help the Sooth
Wheo he had spoken 45 minutes, tho
ebairmaa called time on him. bot the
audience refused to allow bim stopped,
and be spoke on.
He defended his position as to the
tariffs on rice aod cottoo, and showed
bis opponents knew practically less
than nothing of those questions.
Evans appeared io the campaign in a
crash sait and said he was goiog to
wear it all through the campaign, as an
object lesson But be had driven him
" out of the crash sui ; in ten meetings,
and to d*y Le appeared in mourning
KQ theo discussed the lumber sched?
ule and showed how he had helped the
South, especially the meo who cut rail?
road ties He showed bow Canada
objected to tbe lumber duty he and
Tillman favored, quoting extracts from
Chairman Ray again called time on
Col. J. P. Thomas said the meetiog
was io charge of tbe voters aod moved
McLiuria be allowed to speak as tong
as be wanted. It was carried with a
whoop, bat Mclaurin neverthelsss
quickly wound up his speech.
He pronounced himself unalterably
.and emphatically opposed to the Ding?
ley bill and its princtole. He would
vote agaicst it first, last and all the
time Bat if be could do anything to
lessen the sectionalism of the bill and
make it fairer to the 'South, be woald
do so regardless of consequences
'There was great applause at the con?
cias! on of bis speech.
Mr. Mayfield spoke next. He ob?
jected to McLaarin's speaking so long,
^denying the other candidates were com?
bined agaiost him. He told of haviog
written to Mclaurin before other can- ;
didates announced themselves, telling
him he ioteoded to rao
He then jumped oo The Record,
calling it McLaurin's paper, saying
i Mclaurin had $500 worth of stock io
The ReooVd and that EUerbe and Neal
had stock io it also.
Mclaurin promptly denied this
charge and told the simple troth that
Geo R Koester is io sole aod absolute
control of The Record and no man oo
the face of the earth can dictate to him
or tel] bim what to pat in bis paper or
not pat in.
Mayfield paid no attention to this
correction, bat repeated his false
charges agaiost The Record, io which
oeither McLauain, Neal nor EUerbe
has a cent of stock.
Mayfield theo made a speech in ad?
vocacy of low prices for cottoo, lamber
and other things tbe South prod aces.
Then knowing the antipathy of maoy
Colombians to tbe dispensary law, he
attacked it, in a play to tbe galleries,
despite the fact that no man io South
Carolina is more responsible for the
dispensary and metropolitan police
laws than is S. Gr. Mayfield.
He charged Mclaurin with raoniog
an independent ticket for tbe constitu?
tional con ve? tien.
Mclaurin z That is not so.
Mayfield : All right, I withdraw it.
Did you write the Populist platform?
MoLaarin : That is none of your
He said be wanted to ask EUerbe
questions bat EUerbe was not present
He repeated bis charge about a state
boase combination to back Mclaurin.
He said Neal was slated to bethe next
governor and that Neal made a bargain
to defeat Mciver for re-election. He
received much applause.
?rby was greeted with much ap?
plause as an old warhorse. He was
standing jost where be wae in 1886,
the only Original package" in the lot.
He devoted 'bis attention next to
Gonzales, saying that Gonzales's paper
got a telegram wrong, misquoting him,
sayiog be weald "now" open factional
lines, when the word should have beeo
"not," The telegram was respoosible
for the error, and not the State.
He said May Seid had swiped bis
speech If May field r8 speech were
worth a half of a damn, be would take
it. He was at a loss what to say.
Be said tbe combination was agaiost
him, the only farmer among tbe candi?
He was not against toe others, but
was skinning bis own cat for office.
W. D Mayfield tried to pull S. G.
Mayfield out of the race. Evans came
in at the last minute. Duncan hid be?
hind a leg and came oat at the last mo?
ment. Bat for bim there woald have
been no fight agaiost Mclaurin.
But for bim and Tillman, Evans
would have been a law clerk io "Uncle
Bill's" office io Augusta, Mayfield
would have been a school teacher in
Barnwell, Duncan would have been
ploughing in Newberry and McLaurin
might bave been a probate judge.
He told bow he made Eva_8 gover?
He said he knew all the Reform se?
crets, and they were afraid to fight bim
for fear he woJJd tell all be knew.
He told bis "?lu" band joke, applying
it to the atteajlt to elect EUerbe gov?
ernor 1894. ?
He told of the attempt to make
Evans keep out of the race for govern?
or in 1894, and intimated that he made
Tillman support Evans instead of El
erbe, bis first choice. He told his dad
day joke, addiog that Evans, his boy,
bad bit bim, wbicb was wrong.
After bis buffoonery bad proceeded
awhile, a voter asked hin what it ali
bad to do with the United States sen?
He replied that be would show bim
after awhile. He was running bis
campaign to suit himself.
He attacked Ellerbeks action in re?
ference to the court of inquiry.
He then criticed Gonzales, charging
him with being ao enemy of the poor
people and a friend of negroes.
He attacked Mclaurin because he
alleged McLaurin opposed Tillman's
management of tbe Darliogtoo riot.
He attacked Shell, because of his
alleged support of Butler.
He charged that EUerbe was cheat?
ed into the office of Comptroller Gen?
eral, when Stokes of Colleton beat him
nine votes A judge on the bench
could tell the whole story.
John T. Duncan was the next speak?
er. He would not straddle, but would
state his position clearly. He bad
been a Reformer as loog as the "orig?
inal package." His sympathies were
eoirely with the administration of the
dispensary, which was superior to thc j
He said McLaurin magnified his im?
portance when he said the other four j
candidates were combined agaiost bim. j
He then pitched into McLaurin, ;
charging him with plying to both sides. j
He was for Ben Tiiiman against the
field. He had criticised Tillman when
be iound him wrong.
He said Evans was as much of an
orphan as Mayfield. irby boasts of
being on hand to make the people's
fight this year, but where was he last
year wheo there was a fight to be
He discussed national questions and
predicted a victory for Bryan and silver
Next, he attacked McLanrin's tariff
Ex Governor Evans spoke last, com?
mencing too late, however, for a fall
syoopsis of hts remarks to appear io
today's Record He wanted to talk of
issues and devoted his attention princi?
pally to,McLaurin's tariff views, seek?
ing to show they were undemocratic
He said the others did not fight each
other because their views were identi?
cal, and as McLaurin's views were in
variance, naturally all four attacked
them. He joined in the attack cn
Governor EUerbe and said that but for
him EUerbe would never bavebeeo gov?
ernor, and spoke of his friendship for
EUerbe and told of his not asking tbe
senatorial appointment,though endorsed
by 40,000 white voters. The balance
of his speech was devoted to McLaurin.
Campaigners at St. George's
SAINT GEORGE, July 22 -The baby
county of Dorchester "behaved itself
beautifully to-day. There was an aver?
age audience and absolutely the best of
feeling The speakers, with snob ami?
able and attentive auditors, could hard?
ly have broken the harmoniousness of
things by saying rude things about
each other. There were no new or
astounding charges or allegations to-day.
All was as serene as it was familiar to
the candidates. The candidates today,
as far as practicable, remodelled their
speeches. The same old charges about
Republicanism and the tariff were
The audience was liberal and gene?
rous. As for the voters^ they appear
ed to be badly divided, but the primary
will show more about that than did
Senatorial Candidates Make
Same old Speeches.
BAMBERG, July 23.-Thc campaign
meeting here to-day was somewhat
more personal than usual. Col. Irby
poured bis fire into Senator McLaurin
and gave bis young friend. ex-Governor
Evans a few jabs. Mr. Mayfield was
a"bit more severe than usual. Senator
McLaurin and Governor Evans follow?
ed eacfi other and devoted practically
their entire time to the tariff discussion,
both making capital speeches. Col.
irby palled up his sleeves and did not
joke as mach as usual, and Mr. May?
field talked right plainly out in meet?
ing. Although there are only about
1,500 voters in this county, the four
candidates battled for over four hoars
to make the best impression.
Bradstreet's Market It9port.
New York, July 23.-Bradstreet's
tomorrow will say :
The widespread confidence that there
will be a marked revival in general
trade in the fall continues to grow, Ad
with it material evidence that it is well
Chicago jobbers io clothing, dry
goods and shoes, and manufacturers
there and elsewhere of pianos, organs,
wagons .and farm implements report
that fall business bas begun, which is
much earlier than usual. The dis?
tribution of general merchandise from
St. Louis is a little less active, although
trade there is favorable. Like reports
are received from Pittsburg, notwith?
standing dulless io iron and steel. Sa?
vannah, in spite of this tr: g the
busy season oo plantations; >naha,
Milwaukee, Duluth, Minneapolis and
St. Paul, where merchants are feeling
the influence of a prospectively large
crop of wheat, and for Galveston and
other points in Texas favorable crop
outlook and confidence in an increased
movement of merchandise next fall.
Demand for shipment to the Klondike
gold region has made July the busiest
instead of the dullest month in thc
commercial year at Saattle, and has
had aa influence co sales of staples at
Tacoma, Portland and San Francisco.
Thomas and Evans Fight,
Meeting of Railroad Commis?
sion Broken Up by a
Columbia, July 21.-The trouble in
the State railroad commisssioo which
ha3 been existing for some time culmi?
nated to-day ?G a little fisticuff, which
broke up the meeting for the day.
Chairman \V. D. Evans and Commis?
sioner H. ll Tnomas were the beliig
cr?nt-i. No one was burt, Mr Evans
receiving a scratch on thc face as a re?
sult of which a few drops of blood ap?
The row started during a discussion
cf frc-ight. rates Mr. Thomas brought
up the old bone ot contention, the rate
on fertilizers, and after bis speech he
and Commissioners Wilborn and Evans
began joking each other. The pleas?
antries soon passed into personalities be?
tween Messrs. Thomas and Evans and
then they commenced to scrap.
To the Newspapers.
About a month ago the News and
Courier received a highly gratifying
communication from a number of gen?
tlemen in this city who are interested
io educational work, thanking tc for
?'the generous manner io which you
manifest your interest in the general
education of the youth of the State."
Yeeterday we received a letter from one
of tbe most flourishing colleges in the
State enclosing an advertisement of the
college and a check for three dollars to
pay for it. The advertisment was long
and check short. In addition
to the publication of the ad?
vertisement, as many times as we
could afford for the money, a request
was made for such a notice ia the read
ing columns of the paper as we could
prepare. It is only fair to say that tbe
president expressed regret that the ap?
propriation for advertising was so small
that he could not expend more than the
amount transmitted for the purpose
But we should like to know wby the
appropriation for advertising the col?
leges and schools is always so small ?
The newspapers in South Carolina are
remarkably generous io their treatment
of the colleges and schools In no
other State of the Union, we dare say,
do the newspapers fill so much of their
space with free advertising of , tbe
schools. In no other State, we dare
say again, do the colleges spend less
for newspaper advertising As to tbe
college which we now have io mind,
tbe newspapers have within the last few
years, or since its establishment, given
it thousands of dollars worth of adver?
tising, and given it gladly, and from a
sense of public duty, and without the
hope or expectatation cf reward. We
doubt that it could have suc?
ceeded without their assistance
-certainly it would not have made
its way to the public heart so quickly
without the approving words of tbe
press. But when it comes to "busi?
ness," tbe college is singularly con?
tracted in its view as to the value of
advertising It it bas been willing to
accept all that could be said of it and
for ic in the news columns of the papers,
but it cuts the appropriation for adver?
tising to the bone when it comes to
doing business in a business way.
And as long as the newspapers accept
what it chooses to offer for their services
they will never get better paid The
president of the college ic view doubt?
less proceeds upon the theory that "a
bird in the hand is "worth two in the
bush," and that a check, however,
small in amount will often pay for space
really worth from two to three times as
much as the amount offered. This is
trading, however, and not business.
While we are on this subject we
should like to suggest to cur Colombia
contemporaries and to other newspapers
. in the State, that there is a greart deal
; of what is called, "official advertising"
that should be paid for, but is done for
nothing. Possibly there is some
"news" in almost every official state?
ment, but the "news" could be cov?
ered in a few lines while tbe full state?
ment would fill half a column or per?
haps several columns. Why waste
space on proclamations and orders and
declarations and statements of a public
nature that are worth so much to the
newspapers as "news," but would be
worth a great deal more as advertising?
The present experiment io campaign
reporting bas given so general satisfac?
tion to tbe newspapers and the public
tbat we have thought it might be ex*
tended in the direction we have indi?
cated. The Baltimore Sun is a very
rich newspaper, and ic bas made a pile
of money out of the politicians who
have statements to make. We have
been told 'bat in active campaign years ,
the income of thc Sun from this source
amounts to as much or more than ?"25,
000. A little condensation in the
"ne?js" reports would doubtless have a
good effect on the advertising business
An associated press for news-gathering
is a good thing-an associated press for
business purposes might not be a bad
thing -New? and Courier.
We reproduce an editorial
from the Charleston News and
Courier which will be interesting to !
the newspaper men of the State and,
incidentally, lo the targe army of
other people who have been their
What our contemporary says is
well said. The only criticism we
have to make of it is that it covers
but an inch of the acre of truth. The
daily pap?is have in the past con
sented to be bled so freely to adver?
tise the politicians that some of these
gentry are at present touring the j
State and denouncing the press on |
every stump because they are now
no loncrer allowed to use its news
columns a? their own. The colleges,
given thousands upon thousands of
dollars of free advertising, reduce
their volume of paid advertising as a
token of appreciation. The State
and county hardly need to issue a
circular of instructions to subordi?
nates or of official announcements to
the public, so freely do they U6e the
newspapers for the publication of
these matters, without money an(
without price. In this county o
45,000 people, for instance, the coun
ty estimate for "books, stationery
and printing" for the current year ii
but ?400, and we doubt whethe
one tenth of that sum will go towarc
advertising. Moreover, the count}
reports required by iaw to be pub
lished in the papers are seldom pub
Hshed here-because, unlike the
other matter, they would have to b(
paid for if they were.
All these things are true, but the\
only touch the edge of the evil o
deadheadism at the expense of thc
newspapers We do not think the
press of any other State is so unstint
ingly liberal in its advertising of pub
lie cr 6emi-public undertakings as
the press of South Carolina. Every
man or set of men who want to start
a mill, or a railrod, or a bank, or a
building and loan association, or a
laundry or an ice house are assured
in advance of the favor of the pa?
pers. They are backed and boomed
and encouraged and helped from the
time they announce their purpose
until the enterprise is founded or the
scheme bas collapsed. This is right,
and we do not complain of it A
newspapers owes a duty to its public
and ought to aid in everything that
makes for the public prosperity
But from this sound rule and doc?
trine there have grown up abuses
which literally sap the press of its
life blood, which is money, and bur?
den it sorely besides. Take some in
An institution or organization
college, school, library, military
company, anything ?-proposes tc
raise funds for itself It engages a
lecturer, a theatrical troupe, any?
thing I-and the profits of the per?
formance are to be divided The
newspaper are loaded with "advance
notices they drum up the busi?
ness, and bring the crowds The
performers get their money, the con?
cern for which the benefit is given
gets its share, the owner of the hall
or theatre, the musicians, the printer
cf the programmes, get half price at
least But the newspapers whose
space has been used so freely and
whose aid has made the affair a suc
cess get nothing We forgot-they
get thanks, sometimes 'W(iy down
at the end of the resolutions "the
press" is sometimes thanked-in a
bunch, with no specifications.
An entertainment is given for a
charitable or semi charitable purpose
Those who take part are not profes?
sionals They receive nothing for
their work But they charge money
for the entertainment, and, for the
things needed and used-except
newspaper composition and newspa?
per space-they pay out of the pro?
ceeds, if not full rates, at least cost
price. There is no thought of cost
price for a newspaper
An association exists. It has
worthy purposes, but not more
worthy than the purposes of any
good individual. It is conducted for
mutual advantage, with incidental
advantage to those who are not mern
bers It literally loads the newspa?
pers down with notices of itself and
its work, with announcements of
every entertainment, every meeting,
repeated so often that they affect the
reader-hundreds of columns of it
in a year, worth thousands of dollars
at advertising rates Of course noth?
ing is paid for it-'twere sacrilege to
ask money of people "trying to be
good !-but as an evidence that the
papers are likeed for what they have
done they are asked to furnish free
copies to the association, thus ena?
bling 50 or i00 persons, some of
whom might otherwise subscribe, io
escape that necessity.
And 60 it goes. The space avail?
able for real news is cut dows), tbe
local page is loaded with "grinds" of
interest to comparatively few, and
the paper is deprived of an income
which may make up the difference
between loss and profit, failure and
success II seems to us that when
newspapers shall do all this booming
for half the regular advertising rates
they will have made ample sacrifice
to benevolence. The politicians are
not the onLy people who regard the
press as legitimate spoil.
Another blossom of deadheadism
is the man who nominates somebody
for something. It may be for gover?
nor or it may be for alderman, for
college president or for pastor-the
nominating fiend conceives that be
cause he is "a subscriber" or because
he ' likes the paper and reads a
neighbor's copy," his individual
views as to the filling; of the office
should be printed Yet it is adver?
tising, pure and simple ; advertising j
somebody for a salary : and it ought ?
to be p-iid for, and at pretty stiff
So with the man, a candidate for
office, who presents his "views'1 to
the people through the press; with?
out being asked to do so. He is
making a bid for election ; his
"views" ought to go in under the
head of "proposals" and at the regu?
lar rates '
"There are others"-lots of them !
They have been running riot through
the columns of the press these many
years, and it is really a marvel thai
they have not brought more newspa
papers to bankruptcy The newspaper
has its public duties. Let it perform
them But it also has its duty to it?
self which is-to live. That is what
the public buy it for. But it cannot
print the news if it must first make
room for all the puffs that people
want to put in it. And to get and
print the news it needs money. Bot
it cannot get the money it needs if it
gives away it3 space to deadheaded
advertisers. The papers of the State
have been driven almost to the dead
line. They owe it to themselves to
end the imposition which menace
The Tariff Fight is Over.
The Final Vote Will be Taken
in the Senate at 3 p. m.
Washington, July 23.-The final
vote on the tariff conference report
will be taken in the Senate at 3 p. m.
A unanimous agreement on this ef?
fect was reached in the Senate this
afternoon, after an exciting and dra?
matic debate. The proposition for
the final vote came most unexpected?
ly from Democratic sources, the se?
nior Senator from Alabama, Senator
Morgan, presneting it. It was greet?
ed with shouts of "Good, good,"
from Senators on the Republican
side, who, for the first time, saw the
path clear for the final enactment of
the tariff bill.
Senator Morgan's proposition was
coupled with one that the Senate
meet at 10 a, m. to morrow, in order
that speeches may be heard before
the vote is taken. This was accept?
ed as a whole, and the agreement
was formally announced, when Mr.
Morgan expressed profound reluc?
tance in submitting the proposition,
but said he recognized the right of
the majority to register their will.
The agreement was preceded by
the most heated personal colloquy
that has occurred during the consid?
eration of the tariff bill, Senators
Foraker, of Ohio, and Allen, of Ne?
braska, joining issue over Senotor
Allen's charges of fraud in the Ohio
elections of last year.
In April, 1896, Dr, Ryder commit?
ted a hq/rible murder, shooting down
an innocent girl while sitting in her
parlor all uoscious of her danger. Af?
ter fifteen mooths the case is po?fponed
on account of the sickness of counsel.
Tiiis does not justify lynching, but it
provokes it --Augusta Chronicle
Io a fight on Tuesday between Wal?
ters H. Altman and Philip Bullard,
of Wahee, Marion county, the former
was killed. Ballard has been arrested,
but the evidence before the Coroner
indicares a case of self defense.
Something to Depend on.
Mr. James Jones, of the drag finn of Jones
& Son, Cowden, 111, in speaking of Dr. King's
New Discovery, ?iys that last winter his wife
was attacked with La Grippe, and her case
grew so serious that physicians at Cowden and
Pana could do nothing for her. lt ?seemed to
develop into hasty consumption. Having Dr.
King's New Discovery in store, and selling lots
of it, he took a bottle home, and to the sur?
prise of all she began to ge: het er from the
fi-st dose, and hali dozen dollar bottles cured
her sound and well. Dr. King's New Discov?
ery for Consumption, Coughs and Colds is
guaranteed to do this good work. Try it*
Free trial? bottles at Dr- J. F" W. DeLorme's
Drug Store. 5
-~mmmm>-? ?*?-+??* mmm
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Pilei or zo pay required. It is guaranteed to
give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded,
price 25 cents per hos; For .?ale by Dr J. F
W. J>? Lorine.
Celebrated fer its great leavening strength
and healthfulness. Assures the food against
alum and all forms of adulteration common
to the cheap brands. Royal Baking Powder
?o\ New York.