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raK SCMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 18SO.
Consolidated Aug. 2,1881.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let uii the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's.
TEE TRCE SOCTEKOX, Established Jene. 126
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1897.
Sew Series-Yoi. XVII. Xo. I
Mt W?thm w? Sou?|nra.
KT. Gt-. Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
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charged for. /
Laury Grant's Gang.
Effort to Howl Down Me
About 1,000 People Beard the Cam?
paign Orators Deliver Th?ir'*???
Spa nao borg, July 27 -A deter?
mined effort was made bere to-day to
bawl down Senator McLaario He was
the last speaker. Tbe crowd op to tba:
time had given ali an attentive hearing.
Hardly had Senator McLaario gotteo
the first sentence of bis speech ont
when some one from the audience yell?
ed : **We wont's listen to a Repabli,
can.7' Immediately about 100 men
began to yell and in the
iambie of soaod Senator McLaario was
unable ?o be heard. Turning to the
chairman. Congressman Wilsoo, Sena?
tor McLanrin appealed to bib to re?
store order. The chairman succeeded.
Senator' MeLiurin resumed his
speech in an outburst, of oratory_tbat
even kept bis would-be inwlers-dowu
quiet for a time.
Apar , from this iecidect nothing oat
of the ordinary occured. The speak?
ing was held ia a larg8 building on. the
encampment grounds? Here fully 1,
000 beard the speakers. Former
Congressman Shell and Sheriff Me
Gravy of Laurens attended the meeting.
Mr. S G. Mayfield was introduced
as the arst speaker.. He began by
denying that he was io a combine to
compass McLanrin 's defeat. He had
heard, be said, that be was in the race
.to advertise himself preparatory to
running for governor next year. This,
he assured his auditors, was absolutely
false and he was doing ali he could to
secure the nomination of senator. He
then went on to express his -esteem for
Senator McLaario as a man, but op?
posed bim on his views of national
Mr. Mayfield explained at length
his dispensary views. He took up tbe
tariff and in his speech said Senator
McLanrin was a good Reformer, but
not a Democrat.
Mr. Mayfield told one of MeLiaric's
jokes that created laughter and won
for the narrator some applause. Mr.
Mayfield charged that McLanrin had
tried to get Strait, Talbert and other
Sooth Carolina eoagressmen to form a
anion with the Populists.
McLanrin denied it.
Mr. Mayfield did not mention bis
metropolitan police charges against
Col. Irby, for the first time since the
campaign began, laid aside bis jokes
and spoke with great earnestness, fie
needed no man to follow him aronnd on
this campaign, he declared. McLanrin
was his friend last year, be eaid, when
be wanted to beat Ellerbe for governor,
bot when be saw he could not he ran
back to Tillman and begged his
At this point tbe political daddy fea?
ture was worked in to the amusement
of the crowd. He declared that Shell
fathered Mayfield until he had commit?
ted political suicide and left him a poor
Col. Shell was on the stand but -be
did not offer to make answer.
Col. irby further on in his speech
made the assertion that Ellerbe, Neal
and Gonzales, if they had their way.
would put negro labor in the cotto :
mills of the State. He then followed
this statemnt with a touchiog wer-;
picture of the happy candition of the
mill operatives in the Piedmont a ?id
drew a comparison of what it won'... ' .
should negro labor be introduced in ice
Speaking of his record, Cc'-. Irby
laid stress on the fact that he h ? : al?
ways opposed boitiog.
There are going to be two parrie? ia
this State, a Democratic and S paoli
can party, and 'Jth ere is th" fader,"
pointing to McLanrin, declared Cv!
Irby. He ia laying "the chat ?ii;
hatch a full-fledged Republican part-? "
Col Irby accused McLiurln of in?
gratitude to his frieods Paar if;i .
W. D. Evans, be said, gave McLiurio
his start. Evans elected McLaario ar
torney general. After a while Con
pressman Stackhouse died. W. D.
Evans wanted to take bis piace it? caa
gress. McLaurin wanted the place,
too, so he jumped io and b?*ar Evans.
Ever since theo, said Irby, EvatiS has
been looking mighty ?lek. They
thought he was dead politically amii
j they "squirted a little political balsam
jin him" and revived bim enough to get
elected railroad commissioner
! Coi Irby concluded with an appeal
[ to the people to stand by Democracy,
j He was applauded, as he was through
i out his speech and ar. the ?od.
Mr Jobo Gary Evaus said he had
? been dared to make this race. He had
i accepted it and wa:> here running, not
on factional issues, but on national
questions. He then proceeded with
bis tariff for revenue only speech. He
asserted that MoLaurin's Republican
tiriff views would never be accepted by
the people of this State. Mclaurin,
be said, claimed that he ?.nd Tillman
s o>d together oo the tariff. He said
he didn't believe Tillman held the
same tariff views but if he did he
could oot come before the people of
this State and wio oo that issue alone
He than referred to McLaurin as a
1'sapsucker on a limb/' and declared
he W88 the hardest man to pm up on
an issue ne had ever encountered. He
was continually shifting his views, he
Mr Evan6 said he didn't believe IQ
a tariff. He was for free trade with a
direct, tax to supply the necessary rev?
enue for running the government.
Mr. Evans again expressed the
hope that the factious would cease
their fight and unite on the Demo?
cratic tariff principle. (Applause.)
Sentor McLaurin began his speech
by affirming that the people had joet
witnessed an example of the unfair?
ness of the fight waged on him in this
campaign He was attacked and his
views misrepresented and distorted
by three opponents on every stump.
At this instant someone from the
crowd yelled :
"We won't hear a Republican
A hundred or more took np the
cry. Aa uproar followed. No voice
could rise above that wave of hoarse
Senator McLaurin appealed to
Chairman Wilson. Mr. Wilson got
order restored. v
Colonel Irby, who was sitting to
ward the front of the stand, asked
that for his sake the crowd keep
McLaurin vehemently replied that
be did not want to be heard as a favor
to Irby or to anyone else. "I de
mand the right to speak as a Demo?
He had been called a Rep?blica:;
by his opponents. He flung the
epithet back in their teeth and de?
clared that be had served the people
as attorney general, as congressman
and as United States senator to ?
faithfully and too long for this slur
against him to be believed He
owed all that he was to the people of
the State and he would tie ver be
false to their interest.
Since Colonel Irby bad b:ought up
the negro mill labor question, he said,
be.wanted to assert most positively
that he was opposed to negro opera?
tives in factories. So much was he
in favor of employing white labor
wherever be could that he rented his
farms out to white tenants at a less
price than Le could get from ne
Here other interruptions from a
few in the crowd occuired. They
continued and grew to euch an extent
that Chairman Wilson again had to
After getting quiet Senator Mc?
Laurin attacked Irbyi and Evans for
devising the Coileton plan to override
the willi of the people and make
Evans denied that he had anything
to do with forming the plan
McLaurin declared that Kraus was
the beneficiary of it at any rate
Turning his attack to Irby's record
Senator McLaurin asserted that the
people bad done more for Irby than
any mun in the State and got less re?
turn for it Re then read I : by-*s record
while senator Ile next prodded
him ? iib appointing his broth-;
er, W (J Irby, a committee ;
cletk aud the!) letting him stay in ?
? Laurens the entire time without do j
1 ing any work Ur his pay.
Irby got up and explained that in
Washington he had Mr. Gantt as his
! secretary so that be (Gantt) could
j study law and while he was at horne
\ he employed his bruthen* The pay,
! he said, was divided
j McLaurin said that since Senator
! Irbv seemed to have needed a cletk i
j wmle ne was at home.
1 where he , was ai most of
! the time, more than he needed him i
i - 1
: iii washington ?hat he would let the
, :natter drop
i ;? concluding his speech Senator
I McLaurin declareu tie was unalterably j
j opposed to the direct tax as proposed i
! by Mr Evans The courts had de- j
j efded that an inheritance and an in- j
: come tax are unconstitutional ; bonds j
! could net be taxed, so that rea! estate ?
and faetones were thr.1 only property
that could be taxed The people had j
I all of this kind of lax they could
stand now, he declared. If a direct ,
tax were imposed, he said, it would j
be a danger to mill operatives, for j
cheaper pauper labor from abroad i
would be brought in to take the fac?
tory laborers' places.
Senator McLaurin was applauded j
when he concluded
Chairman Wilson announced that j
Mr G. Walton Whitman wanted to j
speak, but that as he had not filed his j
pledge at the proper time he was j
Mr Whitman / was not to be
downed. As a rain had come up the
crowd perforce had to listen to him,
so he spoke. He received more
"cheers" than any of the other speak
The candidates after a dsy off will
speak at Gaffney Thursday.
Irby Denies Making Negro
Special to Tbe State.
Gaffney, July 29 -Cherokee's yeo
manry turned out 500 strung to hear
the senatorial candidates to day A
more orderly or pleasanter meeting
could not; have been desired.
Col. Irby was the first speaker, and
after expressing his pleasure at be
ing present, he proceeded to correct
that portion of the report of the
Spartanburg meeting where i* said
that he declared Gonzales. EHerbe
and Neal favored negro labor in cot
ton milfs. His speech was miscon?
strued, nnifttentioiial'y, he knew, by
the reporter, he said What he did
say, he declared, was that in favoring
the election of McLanrin. Gonzales,
Ellerbe and Neal were indirectly fa?
voring the building up of a Republi?
can party party in this State and that
should the Republicans gain strength
here the tendency would be to sub?
stitute negro labor in the mills. Ile
knew that Gonzales had opposed put
ting negroes in cotton mills, he add?
ed There was a conspiracy, how?
ever, headed by Gonzales, seconded
by klemphiil, and with the editor of
that "dirt dauber paper over here in
Spartanburg." Garlington, a close
third to secure the election of Mc?
Lanrin Mr. Gonzales was away
front Columbia, but that ten year old
schoolboy editor had called him a
liar He was eighty five miles away,
though, when he did it He thought
the present '/ten cent" editor of The
State was due him an apology for his
indecent and unparliamentary lan?
In The Headlight Col. Irby is thus
reported : "The combination of Neal,
Gonzales and EUerbe is to elect one
who has been aiding the rich manu?
facturers and trusts of the country
by attempting to get the Democratic
partj' to accept a heretical policy
which wili divide the white people
of the State into Republican and
Democratic parties. If they can ac
complish their designs, then we will j
have a motley rule in the State, the
farmers and laboring: mechanics will
be set back again and capital will
rule If they shall find it profitable,
negroes will be placed in your fac?
tories and white men and women and
children will be turned out to give
place to cheaper and pauper labor r
Editor Garlington. in The Herald,
thus report Irby : "If this deal with
Ellerbe, McLauriu and Bill Neal is
consummated you will find negto
operatives driving out white from
your cotton mills "
After completing this correction,
Col. Irby said that all the candidates
owed him a debt of gratitude. Evans
he had made governor. He was his
boy and he didn't deny him
Evans-I deny you, though.
Col Irby proceeding, denied that
there was any combine against ile
Laurin ; declared all talk that na?
tional issues should be discussed was
buncombe, and asserted that the real
issue was whether or not a Repubii
can party should be started in tho
Coi. Irby proceeded with his usual
speech, and in conclusion declared :
"If it hadn't been fur Joh rt Irby you
people would never have had your
new county " ?.Ie explained but for
him there would have been no con?
stitutional convention, and if there
had been no convention then Chero?
kee county would never have been
formed It was all he could do, he
declared, to secure the convention
Col 11 by was applauded.
Mr. John Gary Evans fe ?ici ted the
people ol' Cherokee that the christen?
ing campaign meeting should be so
weil attended. After a few more
congratulatory remarks, Mr. Evans
said he war? not going to talk about ?
political daddies, for the people were ?
not interested in that kind of talk '
"I rome nearer being troy's political I (
daddy than he does mine, for I voted !,
for him for United States senator, ; ;
and if he bad behaved himself he'd |,
have been there yet," declared j
Evans. "Ho has been his worst en- j ,
erny" ^ * j .
Irby asked Evans to specify what j ,
he meant by his iast remark, but the ! ,
latte: declined to do so, as he didn't j
6ee the necessity for it j |
Mr Evans referred to his candidacy
last year and said he was defeated on
account of the lies and innuendoes i ?
told by men who called themselves
gentlemen. lie was charged then
with having left the office of gover?
nor richer than when be entered. "I
am poorer to day than when I become
the chief executive of this State,"
asseverated Mr. Evans, ^'one of
these charges have been heard since
Mr. McLaurin was ging over the
State, said Mr. Evans, crying that a
combine had been formed against
him, This was nothing but the
sympathetic act, Mr Evans averred,
for every man in the race wanted the
office. This fight was one of princi?
ple and one in which Conservatives
and Reformers could unite. "If you
vote for the man who has turned his
back on the Reform movement, you
admit that you have laid aside prin?
ciple and given place to animosity."
said Mr. Evans in appealing to the
Mr. Evans then proceeded with
his tariff speech and was cheered
when he concluded.
Senalor McLaurin was not un?
mindful of the glorious history of the
Piedmont section. He hoped, he
said, to represent the State in the
senate long enough to get Cowpens
battlefield turned into a national
The question of negro labor in cot?
ton mills, said Senator McLaurin, was
unjustly dragged into this discussion.
It had no part in this campaign. Fer
himself he favored white labor, wher?
ever it could be employed, in prefer?
ence to negro labor. f?e preferred
white tenants to negro tenants and
employed them, hesaid.
Mr. Evans at Spartanburg said he
favored a direct tax for raising the
revenue for the govornment. Now
he was opposed to a direct tax for the
only property on which it couid be
levied was lands and factories and
like property. The income and in?
heritance tax had been decided uncon?
stitutional by the supreme court :
bonds were not taxable, so that the
direct tax would bear on the farming
and factory people. The danger to fac?
tory labor was from the importation
of paupers from abroad to take its
place He wanted operatives pro?
tected from this class of labor.
Taking up the tariff bill, Senator
McLaurin showed what southern in
terests he had been contending for.
He had a box of monazite mined
near here and explained that the duty
he and other southern senators had
secured on it would raise the price
In the course of Senator MeLsuriVs
speech an amusing* colloquy occur?
red. It was started by Mr. Evans,
who said :
"Look out, Mack, don't cuss."
McLauriu-"Oh, I've given that
irby-"Why, Mack, when did you
McLaurin-"Since I've been as
sociating with you I've become so
disgusted that 1 bad to give it up."
This bit of repartee was enjoyed
by the audience and in the laugh Irby
and Evans joined
McLaurin got off the following epi?
taph on Irby :
"Jobn Irby is my name,
America is my nation,
Laurens is my dwelling place,
And Evans was my damnation "
Note-Col. Irby has a volume of
Coogler and may retaliate.
Senator McLaurin spoke earnestly
and was applauded when he con?
Upon Senator McLaurin concluding
many of the auditors left, as it was
then past dinner time. Mr. Mayfield
held the remainder of the crowd for
20 minutes with a hurried exposition
of his views on the dispensary and
the tariff. In that time he could not
elucidate as much as he would have
liked but while he spoke he was
listened to attentitvely and was
cheered when he finished
The candidates speak at Greenville
tomorrow C.B S.
Mrs. A. W. Oakley Kills Her?
Wife of County Treasurer of Aileen
Takes Poison and Dies With?
Special to The St;>;e.
Aiken, Juiy 30.-Mr's. A W\ Oik
ley, thc '.fifo of County Treasurer Oak?
ley, of Aiken, died this evenicg at
7 30 of poison. lier h us bi ml had
oniy left thc bcu's to go up town for a
few minutes and returned ar, 7 15 to
5nd bis wife io. ". dying condition. No
ssplanattoo couid be gotten from her ;
onlj she said : "Darling I can't stay
herc." Thc house was crowded when I
snc died, and muco eympatny was rr?rj- j
ir >fed for the husband, who suffered j
much ?rriT A letter was found 'i;:'.t i
stated she v?as tired of living and ask- j
d her husband to h>rgiv^ her. There j
3ec:us to be no cause for ?he ac*, as the j
couple seemed to enjoy life ar.d were j
sound up in each other's affection.
Hammocks all S?Z?S and prices.-H. G
)3teeo & Co.
Murdered at Altar.
Senat?ona! Tragedy in an j
Montgomery, Ala., July 28.-Tn the
First Baptist.eburcb, colored here to-day
at ocon, while the State congress of min?
isters was in session, Prof. P. H.
Patterson, one of the leader of his race
io be south,a graduate of tbe Uoiversi
tv of Michigan, a teacher in the State
Normal college and a highly respected
oegro. was murdered at the altar.
The tragedy grew out of a bitter
factional fight between the local negro
Baptists over the expulsion ef Rev. J.
T. Brown from the pastorate of a big
church for immoral conduct a-tth a
member of hi3 Sock. Patterson led
the fight agaio him and Rev. A. J.
S-okes, pastor of another church, sided
This morning wheo the Stat?? con?
gre?? convened and argument between
Stokes and Patterson over the Brown
case resulted tn a fisticuff, wheo some
negro from the crowd shot and killed
Prof. Patterson in front of the pulpit.
The entire colored populace is very
much wrought up.
This afternoon a posse composed of
negroes, caotured George Prttchetc,
who had gone to the woods. He cen
fesses to having done the *hootiog.
Preacher Stokes and Brown, Bracy
and Brenan and five o'her prominent
negroes have beea arrested and a con- j
spiracy is alieged to have existed
An investigation by the cornor was
begun this afternoon but bas not been
completed. The grand jary is being
held in session to consider the case.
Lynching was talked of. hut tonight
there is every indication that the Uw
will take its coarse.
Miners are Waiting.
So Far Seige on De Ar mitt's
Pittsburg, Pa , July 30.-After a
long and weary night of waiting to
learn the results of the meetings of
the miners of the New York and
Cleveland Gas Coal Company, the
camping strikers were a disappointed
lot of men this morning, for the ex?
pected exodus from the Plum Creek,
Sandy Creek and Oak Hill mines', did
not occur. The miners did not quit
work, as they promised to do last
night, and all the mines were in oper?
ation to day. Until daylight the in?
dications were that the strikers had
won, but the dawn brought disap
In the vicinity of the Sandy Creek
and Oak Hill mines anxious inquiry
was made about Plum Creek. At the
two meetings last night the leaders
announced that the Plum Creek
miners would come out and that no
more coal wouid be dug until the
strike wa6 won. The statements
must have been unfounded, for at
3 30 this rooming the strikers', after
making a demonstration at the Plum
Creek mines, went into camp at
Negly post office, one half mile from
the tipple, and they remained until 5
o'clock and left only when they learn?
ed that all the rainere had gone in.
and that yesterday's work had been
- mm- WM -
Willing to Arbitrate Differ?
ences With Hawaii,
Washington, July 30 - The Japan?
ese government has accepted the of?
fer made by Hawaii tu arbitrate the
dispute between the two countries.
The state department lias been in?
formed of the offer and acceptance.
The arbitration will include not only
the difficulty over the landing of the
Japanese immigrants, but also will
include the ocher disagreements be?
tween the two countries, the most im?
portant of which is the tax im?
posed upon Japanese liquor, largely
imported and consumed by the Ja?
panese in Hawaii.
The acceptance of the offer of arbv
iration, a brief synopsis of which has j
boen cabled to the Japanese minister j
here and given to the state depart- ?
mont, states that the Japanese gov- j
ernment accepts arbitration in prim j
cipie and is prepared to enter upon j
the terms for a settlement of pending '
The suk tax, of which the Japanese
complain, is an increase of the duty
on this liquor f rom i o cents to 31
per gallon. This tax '.vas passed by
the Hawaiian legislature and vetoed
by President Dole on the ground that ;
it was unconstitutional, and in Viola- j
tien of the treaty with Japan, who \
had tights under the most favored !
nation clause. The tax was passed |
over his veto almost unanimously, j
only one vote being cast to sustaiu j
Ir you have headache try Gienn Springs
Water and you will get relief, at Dr. A. J.
McLaurin Makes Friends.
The Sparianburg Daily Herald in
its introductory to the report of Toes
day's meeting, says :
It has long been recognized that
this was an important meeting. It
was conceded on ail sides that Irby?s
strength in this race lies in Spartan
burg. The Piedmont Headlight has
been devoting ali its space to him for
weeks and in every issue recently the
Irby voters have been urged to turn
out in ful! force and cheer the great
.'Commoner. " $
It was thought that a great many
would respond, and while McLaurin's
friends made not the slightest effort
conceding that Irby would have the
crowd here, it developed that of those
who come to howl McLaurin down,
many went home to vote for him. It
proved to be a decidedly McLaurin
meeting More than half of the one
thousand persons present were
strongly for McLaurin before the ad?
journment, and a great deal of this
would have been accomplished if
Senator McLaurin Irad not opened
his mouth The conspiracy against
him was so patent, the means em?
ployed so unfair, the arguments
against him so unjust and withal the
outrageous treatment he received at
the hands of the combination oppos?
ing him had its effect in his favor.
That inherent desire for justice and
fair play made those who were in
doubt McLaurin's friends. When
the candidates attempted to charge
that McLaurin was for putting negro
labor in the factories, they went one
step too far, and instead of having the
effect they desired, they made several
hundred votes for him
As a /hole, the people behaved
beautifully, and ' while all were;
cheered, all received respectful at?
The Governor on Lynching;.
In speaking about the lynching
problem, which now seems to be agi?
tating the whole country. Governor
Ellerbe said that he did not think
that any crime justified lynching. He
thinks the real remedy fer lynch law
lies ia speedy calls?of the Courts
and immediate trials, with restric?
tions preventing appeals from the
finding of those Courts cn technical?
? ? ? t ? mt
Jas. E. Tindal for President.
According to Governor Ellerbe the
board of trustees of Clemson College
are .to proceed to the election cf a
president to succeed Prof. Craighead,
who some time ag;o resigned. A
special meeting of thc board has
been called for the purpose of dis?
posing of tiie election. _Frcrn what
can be heard it looks very much as if
Ex-Secretary of State Tindal is to be
Tbe ly ochers say they seek only to
execute justice What- they really do
is to wreak vengeance -Atlanta Jour?
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