MeLaaria Captures Moon
A Lively Meeting ia Wal
halla., ia Waich Irby is
Walhalla. Aug- 2.-The campaign
meeting at Walhalla to day was attend
sd by SDoae seven hundred of O^onee's
representative citizens. Messrs Irby,
Evans ?nd Mclaurin spoke in the or
der named. Bath' irby and Evans
were severe io arraigning and ridicul?
ing McLaurin's record in Congress, es?
pecially his votes and speeches on the
Dingley tariff bili. Their jtisoal
charges of Republicanism and protec?
tion tendencies against Mclaurin were
answered io detail by the latter dories
his speech of an hoar and a half. His
speech took weil with the crowd, and
the occasion may be written down as a
complete vindication and victory for
Towards the close of Mr. McLvarin's
speech ao episode of more than passing
interest occurred. A question was
asked McLaario ?by some citizen rela
* tive to the metropolitan police imposed
on Charleston. McLaarin answered
promptly be woald never have impeded
it on the city. Col. Irby then asked
him if he woald remove it if he were
Governor. McLaarin answered: "I
Irby : "Then you stab Governor El
lerbe io the back."
McLaarin answered that Governor
EUerbe was an honest man, and he
thought that the metropolitan police
woald haye been removed from
Charleston before cow bat for a com?
bination of circumstances over which
Governor Eilerbe had no control He
said that it was unfair to drag Govern?
or Eilerbe into this discussion when
be could not answer the charges made
against him The crowd drew near as
McLaarin waxed warm in defence of
Governor Eilerbe, and approved of what
he said. Irby theo asked to be heard by
way of explanation. (Voices : "Sit
down Vf "Hurrah for McLaarin I9')
* Irby advanced to the front of the
stand and began speaking in a very ex?
cited and vehement manner. It seem?
ed for once that he would be bowled
down.. McLaarin and Chairman Hern
don requested that be be heard. Irby
was permitted to proceed, and charged
that Governor Eilerbe had said he in
tended to use the constabulary force to
, elec McLaarin. (Cries: ;"Ear
rah for McLaarin !" "Sit down I?
McLaarin replied, that Governor
Eilerbe had told bim that he had ?aid
po such thing, but he had said thai: if
\bis Administration was attacked he
would have to use bis influence.
(Voices: ?'Hurrah for Eilerbe !"
"Hurrah for McLaurin I")
McLaarin proceeded tb close his
speech io a happy manner, and many
gathered around the platform to shake
his hana and congratulate him on bis
magnificent reply to the varions charges
of sinister purposes made against bim.
This afternoon the expressions of citi?
zens from different sections of the conn
ty show McLaarin to be far in toe lead.
If every other county goes like Ocooee,
judging from the meeting today and
preferences of the voters expressed
since adjournment. McLaurin wiil win ;
easily against the field in the first pri?
mary. E T. JA YNES.
South Carolina's First Bale.
A dispatch to The State from Allen?
dale received by The State yesterday
evening brought the news of the ship- j
meut of the first baie of new crop, of
cotton from that point. It was picked
on Col L. W. Youmaos' place and was
shipped yesterday to F W. Wagener
<& Co., at Charleston. This is an osai -
ly early, for the first bale of new cot?
ton to get io, so chose who know say.
Now the new crop of colton iu this j
State will begin to reach the market
rapidly no doubt. Reports from all
over the State indicate that the
crop is weil advanced io every direction.
Look Before You-.
"Have you heard what happened to j
the DMlicam girls?''
"What was it?"
"They had Been photos of actra^se-*
with the head through a tom newspa- I
per, and were so delighted with the j
idea that they decided to get themselves i
taken the same way. They arranged I
it with a photographer, and the resal: j
was a charming picture. They were i
very proud of it. and sen: copies round
to all their friends."
"Well, what of that?"
"Only that they had chosen the sd- j
vertisemeot page ot the newspaper, and
ander their heads were the wordd, in
big tyne. 'Oar Pants are Double
A negro girl lo year3 old is under
arrest in Charleston for burglarv.
Tennessee towns are enforcing a
strict quarantine against Birmingham,
Ala , on accouot of the smallpox epi?
demic ia that place.
Great floods have done immense :
damage in Austria and maoj lives have
Johnson-s Chill and Fe*
ver Tonic is a ONE"DAY
Cure. It cures the most
stubborn case of Fever in
CITIZENS CF f'ril 'WORLD.
? distinguished number cf congres
as an exploring parry ci that body w;
idosing a long vi-ic to thc Pacific, coas
pronounced an crude cn tili comic rtai
piazza cf a Puget sound hotel which
well worth remembering.
The duties of the committee had r
quired that tho members should pass r
the "coast," as the natives call it, fro:
''Aunt Jane," or Tia Juana, as tl
southwestern corner of this nation
called, as far north as Vancouver scum
They had discharged this duty, and ha
doubtless discharged it well, when tl
oracle was delivered. In the afternco
comfort.cf a breeze which had passe
10,000 miles across the ocean, with
cigar not yet exhausted, which was gee
enough for its purpose, the senator sai
that cn the first opportunity when L
could expect success he would introduc
? joint resolution into congress, provic
ing that each member, as soon as h
was elected, should be sent on a we.
planned journey through all the state
and all the territories, that he migh
have personal knowledge of what th
country is whose-service he was to hav
The senator expressed tho belief
which is certainly well founded, tba
the nation would save in money am
would gain in administration if such ?
plan could be carried cut.
He was certainly right in this opinion
and this is no matter cf pleasantry or c
the affairs of a single nation. 3?r. Mor
ison said very wisely in his Phi Beti
Kappa address last month: "The nev
epoch must, from its very nature, be
come universal. The manufacture o
power has given the means of traversing
the entire glebe with a speed whicl
brings all races together. It will gradu
ally substitute the natural bound arie.?
of convenient government for accidenta
tribal divisions.1 It will finally make
the human race a single whole, working
foi things which we cannot yet under?
We cite these opinions cf two distin?
guished men because the excellent coun?
sel they involve is applicable to the
whole business cf education and is
needed in our systems of education,
public and private, as these who man?
age them are too apt to forget.
The whole tendency of life in oui
time requires, net simply a national but
a cosmopolitan direction of education.
Men are really citizens of the world
now as they never have been before,
and the boy cr girl ^ho is educated
with th* old and now absurd notion
that the village where the schoolhouse
is is the capital of the world is destined
to receive many shocks and to make
many blunders, all of which might have
The jobbing merchants have found
this out, and they know that they must
send their young men over the whole
country ::?f they would know the needs
of different localities and bc able to pro?
vide for them. Adam Smith taught that
d' mand created supply. We have learned
that a supply, well provided, creates in
tura a new demand. The enterprise
which has sent these bold drummers,
the pioneers cf civilization as they have
been called, into other countries, that
the traveler may know what those na?
tions want and that the nations may
know what the country has to sell, has
been well rewarded. The steady in?
crease in cur exports of manufactured
goods shows that the nation is reaping
the reward cf such enterprise.
But if our young men, not to say cur
young w?men, are to take on a cosmo?
politan habit in education, our schools
must co more in this line than they
like to do. I can remember when the
arrival bf a boy fresh from Paris, with
a good French accent and an easy way of
speaking that language, was a cause of
real terror in a well appointed school.
"What shall we do about his marks? It
will not be fair te mark him cn the
same sqale with the other beys." As if
the giving cf marks was the whole busi?
ness of a schoolmaster.
Really, the arrival of sach a boy
might have teen made a blessing to all
the other boys in schcol. They would
have learned more French from him,
under any. sensible handling of the
case, than they would have learned
from any primer cr reading book. .Now
the opportunities for such education in
our country are endless. Fortunately
for us., there is hardly a public school
in one cf the larger cities in which the
ability cf some cf the children to speak
German, French or Italian might net
be utilized for the convers?t ional habits
of the others. An American banker
who had gone through the whole course
of our higher public education used to
say that when he went to Paris he
found that the French were so stupid
that they did net understand their own
language. This was a gocd natured
ciethcd cf criticising the training he
had received in that language. Now
one bey frcm Paris, from Bordeaux or
Lyons, in the class in which he was,
would have given him just the habit cf
listening to real French and the habit
cf imitating a speaker of real French, |
which was what he had not had given
to him in the < lab?rate arrangent nts cf
It is too much to ask, as the United j
States senator asked, that; all our schcol I
children cf the proper age may be s< at
round the world. Ir is a geed thing for
these of them who are- so sent when
they are between the ag' s of !(*> and j
five and twenty. They gain thc aovan- :
tages which, under tho old wander- |
jahr, the German apprentice, released ;
from his first training, received as he |
saw men and cities which were new to !
him. Bat if we canno; send our chi!- i
dern round the world, we can at least |
see that they are made familiar with !
the habits of thought, not to say the
habits of work, of other countries. It
is from this point of view that one
learns to welcome with ?pecial interest
the arrival of student* nf our better
ep?pped scientific schools ..and colleges
. - -.*.._=_J._ .
i from" rho other nations ot the world.
I Ehe presence cf an accomplished young
I gentleman frc:.-?- Germ any or Italy ex
Japan opens the ey? s of tho youngsters
who surround him in the classes cf such
: institutions. They begin to learn, what
? it is so hard to teach boys, the mysteri
? oas lesson which had been alluded to
j above; they learn that Cranberry Cen
i ter, although it is an important metrop
j olis to itself, is not so considered by the
I rest of mankind.
! As the United States senator said, it
! will be a great thing when the average
? congressman can he taught what are the
; resources of Arizona, of the state of
j Washington, of Maine and of Florida,
j in an object lessen which shall fix itself
upon his memory as no misty cloud of
, statistics will ever do. The college stu?
dent cr thc college class which should
be trained rightly to understand the
place of the Argentine Bepubiic, the
! place of Japan, the place of Ceylon or
tho place of Hungary in the commerce
of the world, how much and how little
each cf these countries has to do with
the balance of trade or with the course
of exchange, would be, as things go, an
exceptional class or an exceptional stu?
dent in cur institutions of education.
The intelligent president of a college
or thc intelligent head of a high school
ought to be on the lookout for every op?
portunity of which he can avail himself
to introduce such cosmopolitan habits
of study into schcol cr college.
EDWARD E. HALE.
A FARMER ON THE SINGLE TAX.
? ara only a Kansas farmer and not
used to writing for the papers., but I no?
ticed in one of your late numbers an ar?
ticle by Clarence A. Miller advocating
that all taxes should be paid by the own?
ers cf the land and that all money and
other personal property go free from
taxation. These men who wish to put
all the burden of taxation cn the al?
ready overburdened farmer are men, as
a rule, who own no land and who know
! nothing about farming. The farmer al?
ready pays the great hulk of the taxes,
and if all tho money and houses and
machinery and factories and railways cf
the rich are to go untaxed and the ad?
ditional burden be laid upon the farmer,
then I for one want' to leave this coun?
try. Mr. Miller's argument is that if
land were taxed so heavily that the
owner could not pay the taxes he would
be obliged to sell part of it, and thus
there would be more farmers. If he or
any ether of the single tax theorists
knew anything about the condition of
the American farmer, he would know
that the great trouble aow is that there
are already too many farmers in the
United States. We are overproducing in
nearly every department of the farm.
Wheat and corn are drugs m the market
and are selling for less than the cost of
production. No farmer can today sell a j
horse, or a cow, cr a hog for anything
like the amount that the animal has j
cost him. If all the farmers in the Un?
ion would agree to raise just one-half of
the wheat, 'cern, hogs, cattle and horses
they have raised in years past, they
would get some return for their work,
but at the present prices and at the
present rate of production the farmers,
who are now nearly bankrupt, must soon
go to the wall.
The solution of the present trouble is
not in compelling1 the farmers to pay
the taxes of the millionaires and the
other rich men, nor to ask them to sub
mis to taxation that will compel them
to sell part cf their farm at a low price
to seme single tax theorist. Anarchists,
socialists, agitators and ad\ocatcs of ?
new and unjust theories have, by their j
threats cf bloodshed, revolution and
appropriating the property of others, so
frightened the owners of capital that !
many hundreds of millions of dollars
are now.lying idle m the banks all over
the United States. Had it not been for
these threats, much of this now idle
money would have been put into fac?
tories that would today be giving em?
ployment to the idle throngs that are
suffering from the lawless methods of
these unprincipled men.
Let factories be built to make the ar?
tides we now import in large quanti?
ties. These would give w ork to the un?
employed, who would then be able to
buy the wheat, corn and bacon that thc ]
farmers cannot now seil unless at ruin?
ous prices. J. W. HENRY.
EXTENSION OF COMMERCE.
The commercial spirit is the domi?
nant practical force in our country and '
is ever alert for new fields of activity, j
The recent inauguration of the Phila- j
delphia Commercial museum is a wor- j
thy movement, as it brings together !
representatives of all American repub?
lics. This is a great gain and will en?
courage the spirit of co-operation. At
the meeting held in Philadelphia M.
Meinhard, consul of Venezuela, said:
"While the unity of interests of all the
republics represented was frequently
dwelt upon as against the political and
commercial aggressions of European
nations, it was generally accepted that
the United ?tates, as the most devel- i
oped, must take the lead in thc pro- j
posed new movement. As tho most :
effective means of overcoming European ,
supremacy in the markets of Latin- |
America the delegates unanimously :
recommended, principally, that the
tariff rates on South American products .
bo never made so high as to exclude
them from the United ?tates, thereby :
removing the main obstacle to the de?
velopment of closer and larder business
connections; that greater banking facil
ities be assured through the founding
of American banks, which so far do not
exist in South America: that American !
steamship lines provide tho necessary !
transportation facilities between tho
northern and southern trade centers; j
that longer credits bo granted to the ^
southern merchants, the same as Europe ?
allows, and finally, but not least, that
American manufacturers adapt their
goods to the precise requirements and
wants of those markets.
ff Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and Diar?
rhoea Remedy always affords prompt relief.
For sale by Dr. A. J. Cbioa.
The following is a report of observations i
of the weather taken at Statet-urg, by Dr. W.
W. Anderson, for the past week ending ?
August 1, 1897 :
Tempera* ii re. | ! <?
? I 2, i Condition.
* ! 3
: 26j 90 ! 72 ! 8t. i sw ; .70 . Cloudy |
i 27 j 88 ! 72 j .80 s ! .00 j "Cloudy \
\ 28; 87 ! 72 !?79 l\ w i .00 ; Clear
I 29? 88 j 71 ! 79.5 NW | .00 | Clear
j 30! 90 ! 70 . 80. ! E i 00 I Clear
j 3? i 90 : 74 ; 82. | sw j 00 j Clear - 1
j I1 93 1 74 i 83 ?1 sw ! 00 I Clear
j *fnrtjy cloudy.
The wind has been generally light and va- |
riable during the latter part of the week, !
which in connection with the humidity of j
the atmosphere has caused the increasing
temperature to be quite oppressive, almost as j
j sultry as the first week of the mooth. Rain, i
j though not seriously needed, will bc refresh- j
ing and acceptable to most people.
Perfection in Cake-Making.
Housekeepers frequently wonder why it is
that they cannot make biscuit and cake that
j are light acd palatable and that taste as deli
j cious as the biscoit acd cake made by their
mothers and grandmothers, the delightful
memory of which even to tbi3 d*y creates a
sensation of pleasure io the palate. The
j trouble arises from the highly adulterated
j state of the materials they have to work with,
i particularly the cream-of tartar and soda
j used to raise or leaven the food. Cream-of
j tartar and soda tht.t are now procurable for
j domestic purposes contaiu large quantities
of lime, earth, alum , and other adulterants,
J frequently from 6ve to twenty-five per cent.,
j and consrquently vary so much in strength
', that no person can tell the exact quantity to
j use, pr properly combine them, to insure per
j feet results. From using too much or too 1
j little, or because of the adulterants in them,
j bitter, yellow, or heavy biscuits or cakes are
j frfqueotly made. These adulterants are also
? injurious to health.
All th 13 trouble may be avoided by the use
I of the popular Royal Baking Powder. Where
j this preparation is employed in the place of
j cream-of-tartar and soda, its perfect leaven
! ing power always insures light, flaky, digest?
ible biscuit, cakes and pastry, that are per
! fectiy wholesome and free from the impun?
ities invariably present wben the old raising
j preparations are employed,
i The Royal Baking Powder, we are inforra
I ed by the most reliable scientists, is perfectly
j pure, being made from highly refined ingre
I dients, carefully tested, and so exactly pro
j portioned and combined that it never fails to
j produce the best and uniform results. An
! additional advantage in its employment
j comes from the fact that bread or other food
! made with it may be eaten while hot withoot
j fear of indigestion or any unpleasant results,
while being equally sweet, moist, and grate?
ful to the palate when cold.
HOMICIDE NEAR BISHOP
Two Men Shot, One Fatally-A
Woman the Cause.
BISHOPVILLB, Joly 28.-A shooting occur?
red at Burke, S. C., tour miles from here,
yesterday. The circumstances .?re known
only from general rumor, as to the cause.
The factsare that B. B. Britton, leader of
the recent Lucknow rio?, was at the bouse of
Ben Hill and the shooting occurred. Hill
was dangerously wounded with four 44 cal?
ibre bullets, and Britton slightly wounded
in the back. Britlon's whereabouts are not
known and Hill is expected to die. Dr.
McLure attended Hill and thinks it a serious,
if not a fatal case.
On the night cf the 17tb inst. Hill's wife
disappeared mysteriously and left three small
childreo on Hill's hands, and report says
Britton knew something of her whereabouts,
and in all probability, ibis the cause of the
trouble between them. M. E. T.
A Remarkable Cure of Chronic
In 1862, wber, I served my country as a
private io Company A, 167th Pennsylvania
Volunteers, I contracted chronic diarrhoea.
Ii bas giveo me a great deal of trouble ever
since. I have tried a dozen different medi?
cines and several prominent doctors with?
oot any permanent relief. Not long ago a
friend sent me a sample bottle of Chamber
lian's Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy
and after that I bonght and took a 50 cent
bottle; and now T can say that I am eotirely
cured. I cnno ft thankful enough to you
for this grt . .*dy, and recommend it to
all suffering veterans. If in doubt write me.
Yours gratefully, HENRY STEINBERGER,
Allentown, Pa. Sold by Dr. A. J. China.
The 3tore in the City Hall building fi sr
ly occupied by the China Bali, has been
leased to Frank O'Donnell and it is stated on
good authority that be will open an original
pHckage agency within a very few dajs. The
dispensary wiil now have active competition
that will cut down receipts and mike the net
profits decidedly leis than they have been in
- ?rn - - -mm*
Ic is always gratifying to receive testimo- j
niais for Chamberlain's Colic, Choiera and !
Diarrhoea Remedy, and when the end?rse?
me it is from a physician it is especially so.
"Tiere is no more satisfactory or effective j
remedy than Chamberlain's Cbolic. Cholera ?
ar.d Diarrhoea Remedy," writes Dr. R E j
Robey, physician and pharmacist, of Olney, j
Mo ; and as ha bas used the Remedy in bis j
own family and sold it ia his drug store for !
six years, he should certainly knew. For j
sale bv Dr. A. J. China.
Quinine and other fe?
ver medicines take from S
to 10 days to cure fever.
Johnson's Chill and Fever
Tonic cures in ONE DAY.
The commissioners of election fur the Lee j
Couti tv election hive tabulated the votes ari;4, j
ri .-erk rei the election in Sumter County. Thc i
vo?p was the game as reported in this papei
the day after the eiec?on The commission- i
era of election for Darlington County met j
and deferred action, for one week, pending j
the protest of the Ashland box.
Why take Johnson's
Chill & Fever Tonic?
Because it cures the
most stubborn case
of Fever in ONE DAY.
Tbe new bridg*- across Lynches River
which has been Du tit b? tbe ermin gan? and
ia ooe ot' the longest noe best bridzes ?cross
tbat stream, ii Dot the best, will re ope? for
travel within a few days It is said thai
Overseer L. E. White has doo- tine work ?nd
the bridge is a job to be proud ot.
State of Ohio, City of Tefcdo, )
Frank J Cheney makes oath tba: he is the
senior partner of the Sra of F. J. Cheney &
Qo., doing business tn the City of Toledo.
County and Sta'e aforesaid, and that ?aid
Srto will pay the som of ONE HUNDRED
DOL'ARS for ench and every e.i=e of Catarrh
that cannot be cured by the use of Hali's
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in rn?
presence, this Gth day or December, A. D.
, . A V;. GLEASON,
lSEALJ Notary Public.
Hail's Catarrh Cure is taken iaterualiy and
acts directly on tbe blood arjd mucous sur?
faces of the system. Send for testimonia'?,
F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
J85*SoId by Drugeists, 75c.
THAT LA!X?AR BALL GAME.
A Statement From Manager La?
Editor D?i!y Item.
Lamar, S. C , July 2)-Ia your issue of
the 23'h, I notice a party signing "Bail Play?
er," claims the game between Lamar and
Elliott on the 24tb to heve been five to seven
?D favor of Elliott, saying that the first report
of nine to nothing ia favor cf Lamar was an
error. 4;2a?? Pilfer" ii cff. When the
score ?tood ten to seven in Lamar's favor a
high ft? bail WHS knocked co the ic.side of
diamond, near 3d base and on account of the
wind, the bali curved after pat-sing 3d base
to foul ground.
Of course this was a fair hall, as any hall
butted that passed first or third base on ioside
diamond is fair. When the umpire decided
it so. Elliott refused to play, thereby forfeit?
ing the game. .Elliott wa3 whipped already,
though, Lamar beiog three scores ahead, but
the umpire could not call the garie otherwise,
according to rules than 9 to 0.
S C STARB,
Manager .?. B. C.
I have on hand a lot of 1895 Victors
that I will sell at $37.50
These wheels are every inch Victors
and have as good material in them as any
wheels on earth. This is a good oppor?
tunity to get the most durable and easi?
est wheel on the market at a very nom?
inal price. So give me a call.
I still have a fine assorted line of
New Home Sewing Machines
On hand that need selling very badly,
and if von are in need of such an article,
my agent will be pleased to call at your
residence, whether in town or country
and show them to you.
Sumter, S. C., August 4, 1897.
Beginning on July 1st,
We will offer mir entire
We sell goods as advertised, and you
can count on a genuine bargain when
BROWN, CUTTINO & DELGAR,
Leading Clothiers, ?Hatters and Furnishers*
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