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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 11, 1897, Image 1',
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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN. Established April, 1S5C. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Airas't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established june. I ?6
Consolidated Aag. 2, ?SS1. SUMTER, S. G., WEDNESDAY, ATJG-UST ll. 1897. New Series-ToL XVII. So. 2
iL bc eMattbra anb-jssu?bron.
KT. G. Osteen5
SUMTER, S. C.
?1 50 per aooom-io advance.
ADVERTISE J?E KT:
One Square Sty insertion.SI 00
3very subsequent insertion. 0
Contracts ly three months, or longer will
be made st reaaced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged foras advertiements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
Sxtracts From Commissioner
Colombia, Aug 4-Thc State
board of control held to-day's session
with two absent members Neither
Col Jones or Mr Williams have yet
arrived. Col. Jones bas been called
away from the city and will not be
back ootil Saturday next Contrary
to expectations no parchases of Hqoor
were made yesterday, and from what
a member of the board said last night
those Hqoor men who came here ex?
pecting to go away with large orders
in their pockets are going to be badly
disappointed The board bas about
agreed to pass a r?solution in accor?
dance .with the plan suggested by
State Commissioner Yauce as to the
making of . parchases. Under this
pian the board will receive and con?
sider all bids, select the grades and
blands of liquors at tbe prices pre"'
sen ted in the bide and leave it to the
commissioner to send in the orders
for (he liquors during the month as
he needs them. The board thinks
the plan a very good one. and there
will hardly be a dissenting voice when
it comes to the adoption of the res
olution looking to the change.
This will prevent any ciog
ging from overstock and at
the same time the beard will retain
ito supervision of the purchases. It
was expected that the matter of the
purchases would be reached yes?
terday afternoon, bat Mr. Williams,
who was expected to get here by 5
o'clock, failed to arrive and it was
not reached, several questions as to
the granting of permits to distilleries
in the State being considered instead,
without final action being taken opon
any of them.
Yesterday morning when the board
got to work Commissioner Yance
submitted his monthly report deal?
ing very thoroughly with the state?
ment of liquors received and ship?
ped during the month, and making
certain minor recommendations The
report contained these rather interest
ing paragraphs :
"It is with pleasure that I inform
you that in accordance with the
resolution passed by your honorable
board at your* last meeting I have
turned over to the state treasurer the
sum of ?15,000 This makes a total
of $35,000 paid the state treasurer
since 1 was elected commissioner,
taking charge in May, and a grand
total of $153,000 tu ihe last eight
"VYeowe comparatively nothing,
everything being paid for as the bills
"Oar stock of liquors and supplies
amount to about $150.000 here in the
State dispensary, and the stock on
hand in the local dispensaries will
amount, in round numbers, to $200,
*000, and we have money enough on
hand to pay for ali your honorable
board may see fit to bay this month.
This I consider a good showing for
the financial standing of the dispen?
sary notwitn8tanding the charges
made by the enemies of the dispen?
sary of corruption."
In a recent nu ai ber of Harper's, \V.
D. Howells, the novelist, speaking of
novel readio?. gives expression to the .
following plain troths **It may be safe?
ly assoaied that most of the novel read- I
iog which people ??acy is au ioteliec- j
tttal pastime, is the emptiest dissipa- I
rion, hardly more related to thought or j
the wholesome exercise nf the mental j
faculties than opium eating ; in either j
cass the brain i?? drugged, a?id left j
weak and crazier for thc debauch. If j
this may be called the negative result j
of the fiction habit thc positive injury
that mos*t novels work is hy no means
eo easily to be measured in the case j
of the young mea whose character j
they help so much to form or deform, J
and the women of all ages whom they j
keep so much in ignorance ot' the world :
they misrepresent. Grown men have I
little from them, but in the other cases, '
which are the vasi majority, they hurt j
becaose they are not true-not because I
they are malevolent, bat because they ,
are idle lies about haman nature and j
the social fabric, which it behooves us ;
to koow and understand, that wc may j
deal justly with ourselves and with one |
another." . i i
Tillman Defends Dispensary.
Speech at Abbeville-Abuses
Si mon ton ana all Oppon?
ents of the System.
Special to The State.
Abbeville, Aug. 4 -Senator Till?
man spoke to a large crowd at
Soughs at ll o'clock. Chairman
Blake introduced him as "one whom
we a month ago mourned as dead,
now alive and in our service " The
senator's remarks were devoted to
his senate record, Clemsou and the
dispensary. The crowd was with
him He said :
"Eleven years yesterday I spoke,
advocating the agricultural college
and rule of the people '' Since then
I have been here repeatedly, where I
have never been shown an act of
discourtesy The dispensary is the
best liquor system We have tried
others. The dispensary removes the
chief demon of the traffic, personal
profit Under high license keepers
would sell at oight and on Sunday at
"If the dispensary management is
rott?n, turn the rascals out. There
was no rottenness when 1 was gov?
ernor. lt is as possible to get hon?
est dispensers as honest treasurers
and auditors. I favor election of dis?
pensers by the people.
"Liquor men have appealed to
Caesar and our judge has outdone
them all. Bond in his palmiest days
could not exceed Simouton as a ty?
rant He has run the government by
courts to an unbearable limit.
"The change from the old board of
control to the new was a sad change
There is politics in the board. Two
against three shows something
wrong. Something is wrong wuh
any man the legislature elects. The
governor, etc., are the rightful
"As to the metropolitan police,
Chariest ion has naturally seceded
from the State. Her grand jurors
persistently refuse to do their duty ;
officers of the law are discredited.
Governor Evans was right in putting
ou the metropolitan police. Govern?
or Ellerbe is right in maintaining it
EUerbe wanted to remove the police
but necessity called for its mainten
ance. If thc dispensary is rotten,
you are "largely to blame If you
admit you can't elect honest dispen?
sers you can't elect honest treasurers
and therefore admit civilization is a
failure. In Abbeville and elsewhere
you have had honest management.
"Men who have consrantly opposed
Ben Tillman and all his work are
bound to admit that the dispensary is
superior to the other two systems we
As to his senatorial record, Till?
man said : "I went to Washington
to work and I have worked. I have
helped save you $1,000,000 on armor
plate. I passed the dispensary bill
in the senate, and Latimer did his
utmost to pass it in the house and
but for Tom Reed would bav? passed
it. Of 35,000,000 farmers I am the
only representative in the senate I
have advocated no more than Mclau?
rin. I don't claim that protection is
right To illustrate, three brothers
own a cow, two take all the beef, as
two thirds of Americans have taken
all the protection I want our share
of the cow "
Asked as to the senatorial candi?
dates, the senator said : "If the
four can't convince you one of them
is tit. leave all For a man who, as
the State senator, has been a friend
and a supporter of the dispensary, M ay
field is taking a remarkable course
.'We are trying to get men at
Clemson fit to teach boys. We want
boys sent from school to the farm ;
not from school to profession and do
nothing for their class "
The senator left at 1.40 for Clem?
son to attend the board meeting.
500 People Dead.
Chicago. Aug. 4.-A special to The
Chronicle from Tacoma, w'ash., says :
Five hundred reported kilied up to July
1, is the record of the terrible outbreak
of the great volcano of Mayon on the
island of Luzon, one of the Philippine
group. Al! night of Juoe 24, this vol?
cano began throwing up ashes and lava
in immense quantities and flames were
thrown upward considerably over 100
feet above the crater. The nc-st day
5G bodies wore recovered at a consider?
able distance and the mest recent dis
patches to Hong Koag up to July 8,
stated that not less than 500 were
known to be killed It is probable,
said the dispatch, that the loss cf ?ife |
would roach IP'O thc thousands, dc- 1
pending upon the length of eruption. !
On that date ?ava streams and ashes !
had reached the cities of Bacaiay, Ma!- i
ipot and Liberia and their destruction
was certain Fifteen smaller towns be- ;
tween the sea and :he volcano had b-:cn
destroyed and score* of tlc aericuicu- ;
ral peoph have been overwhelmed 1
while attempting to escape.
Hammocks all sires and prices -H. G j
Dsteen & Co. I
THE FAIR RATES.
Coi. HoPoway Secures Cheap
Fares for the Fair.
Secretary Holloway has received
the following letter from the chair?
man of the Southern Passenger asso?
Dear Sir : Replying to yours of
Jul}7 23d, on above subject At a
meeting of the conference commit?
tee of this asssociation held at Ashe?
ville, >i. C , July 20th, it was decid?
ed to adopt a rate for one fare for the
round trip from all points within the
state ; tickets at this rate to be sold
daily, good returning after the close
of the fair.
It was also decided to adopt a
cheap rate based on a- fraction over
oue cent per mile, tickets at such
rates to be sold ort two dates, namely,
Wednesday and Thursday.
In case there is any movement of
military, arate of one cent per mile
traveled per capita will be^mployed
with the understanding that 20 or
more will move on the ticket.
Col. Holloway says "A second let?
ter from the secretary brought the
rates agreed upon by the conference
committee. The rates at one cent a
mile traveled was asked for on Tues?
day, Wednesday and Thursday
Tuesday is omitted
"It occurs to me that if three
days instead of two had been named,
the roads could more esily handle'
the people satisfactorily, and would
have given visitors more time for an
inspection of the exhibits and the
The Crisis at Havana.
Reports from Havana indicate that
Spain's inglorious campaign of massacre
and oppression io Cuba is rapidly ap?
proaching a tragic climax. The city is
beleaguered and terror-stricken ; the sub?
urbs of the place are nightly invaded
by armed bands of revolutionists, who
8eiz3 supplies, destroy property and
rout the Spanish soldiery within sight
pf Weyler's palace windows The in?
surgent forces in the province of Ha?
vana are rapidly increasing ; the basis of
their operations ha9 beeo transferred
almost to the gates of the capital city,
and under the resolute advance of the
revolutionary leaders the one great
Spanish stronghold in the island is
virtually in a state of siege.
It is needless to recount the causes
which have led up to this supreme
humiliation for the Spanish arm3. It
is due io about equal degree to the
brilliant military genius of the Cuban
generals and the glaring and cumula?
tive incompetency nf the Spanish com?
manders. But it is the situation itself
j that now rivets the attention of
those who have followed the progress
of the Cuban war for independence.
Its salient features may be des?
cribed in this way : More than five
sixths of the total area of the island is
now controlled by Cuban influence, and
in that territory there is an adequate
civil administration, order prevails, the
farmers are again tilling their lands,
and the authority of the Cuban repub?
lic is firmly established. In the re?
maining sixth of the island Weyler's
bloody tyranny is still pursu?
ing its barbarous crusade of,
buchery and anoihilafcioo. Maddened
by two years of unbroken defeat io hi?
military purposes, distrusted by bis gov?
ernment, despised by his starving
taoops and with the certainty of a final
catastrophe staring him in the face,
the Spanish Captain-General has per?
verted his campaign into a savage
carnival of slaughter and desola?
The resolute progress of the rev
cautionary cause, the unfailing valor of
its followers and the steady growth of
its military power have driveo Weyler
ioto a position which ie disgraceful
alike to himself and Spain. He is
compelled to admit either that the 200
OOO soldiers whom the Spanish Govern?
ment has poured into Cuba have been
annihilated by bullets, disease, deser?
tion and starvation, or that they have
been ignominiously bai?bd and beaten
by an enemy which at tts highest en?
rollment never exceeded 60,000 men.
One or the other of these confessions is
inevitable, and either will brand Wey
i 1er with lasting infamy His army has
i never won a tattle worthy of the name
! His strategy is the sport of Gomez, and
hi* operation s from first to last have
been fantastic and clownish, except
when they have been brutal afnd blood?
It looks as though ?-be
6nai iiet in this cruel tyrant's
monstrous campaign were near
ar hand, and that if would take palace a*
the threshold of his own palace. The
rh under of revolutionary cannon is
heard daily in the capital city of the
island. The inhabitants of the place,
even the loyal Spanish subj?cts, realize
tba: the end is approaching, and fhat
no result which may follow can bo as
dreadful as a continuance of Weyler's
And whet) tho crash comes, as 1
j sirely will, and Weyler returns
; Madrid defeated, humiliated and witr
: infamy written m bis brow, a bankrup;
j and heart-broken nation will ask bim
: not why the Coban patriots triumohed,
I but what he has done with the 200,000
j brave yoong soldiers, the flower and
chivalry of Spanish manhood, whom
he left to their fate in the fever-scorched
jungles of the desolate island. That is
to be the culminating scene of the
whole ghastly tragedy, and unless the
signs are at fault, the stage settings are
almost ready for it.-N. Y.' Mail &
- -i ? ? mmm.
Strike in Atlanta.
Atlanta, Aug. 4.-As the result of
the employment of 25 negro women io
the folding department of the Fulton
Bag and Cotton Mills this morning,
over 1,400 men, women and children
have gone on one of the largest strikes
I that ba? ever occurred ia this city
The mills were forced to shut down
their entire plant and will affect fully
2.000 pepple of the working classes.
When the notice was put up that the
mills were closed' much disorder broke
out and it was the inclination of the
strikers at first to cause trouble but the
police reserve force arrived in time to
quell any disturbance.
The local textile uoion took the side
of the strikers and sent notice to them
to hold out for their rights. When
this became known the employes of the
mills, ali white, walked out. Some of
those who quit were the oldest and
most reliable employes of the company.
Mr. Elsas, president of the company,
explained that it was only a small
affair and would be arranged in a short
time, after which the mills would re?
open on full time. The strikers, how?
ever, arc determined and receiving
the aid of the local unions, will hold
out to the last. Several years ago, the
same experiment was tried in working
negroes with the same result. None
of them have ever beeo employed in the
mills. Unless the difficulty is ar?
ranged to morrow, trouble wili be look?
Strikers Win Quickly.
Atlanta, Ga.. Aug. 5.-The strike
at the Fulton Bag and Cotton mills
which threw 1,400 employes out yes?
terday because white girls refused to
be placed by the side of colored women,
came to an unexpected end to-day.
Tho textile union met early in the
day. it seemed as if a general strike
would ensue, as no one thought the
authorities of the mill would give in.
A committee was appointed -*D consult
with President Jacob Eisas, demaodiog
the removal of ali negro laborers. Un?
expectedly to the strikers this was i
agreed to and a compromise was made
by which the strikers agreed to work
extra hours if .necessary. To-morrow
thc negroes will be marched out, and
Monday the strikers will get to work
again. The strike bas caused a big
flurry among the working classed of
Klondyke is Great Britain's.
Washington, August 4 -Incited by
recent newspaper publications, tending
to throw doubt upon the ownership of
the Klondyke gold fields, some of the
high Government eifieials, who would
oaturallv be expected to deal with the
question if it comes to a practical issue,
have been quietly looking into the mat?
ter with a view of preparing themselves
for any controversy that may arise
Their views are in substance that there
can be no valid objection advanced to
the title of Great Britain to this terri?
tory A careful examination of the
reliable charts and maps has convinced
the officials that so far as the Klondyke
fields as defined by the latest reports
are concerned, there can be no question
but they lie east cf 141st meridian,
which defines the boundary lines, and
so are within British territory, by
about thirty-five miles at least. As for
the meridian itself, it is 6aid that it
bas beeo so closely located by the sur?
veys of the Canadian and our own coast
survey that there is not at any point a
difference of more than 700 feet in the
c'aimed boundary, which, of course,
would Dot substantially affect any con?
troversy that might grow out of the
Disease of fowls.-Ooe teaspoonful
of liquid carbolic acid given in two
quarts of water is an excellent preven?
tive of most diseases among fowls
One tablespoonful of chlorate of potash
I in ono quart of water for roup ; for j
j little ckicks that are weak in the legs, j
j one teaspoonful of sulphate of edda ic j
I r.'oe ouart of water. For worms, give I
. ten drops of aloes or spirits ot turpeu- j
! tine- in a pint of water. For grapes, j
: ;;dd a few drops of spirits of camphor cr
turpentine to the drinking water. For
: cold or catarrh, put ten ?rey* of aeon
: i ft; in a pint of wctcr. For sneezing
: or running at the nostrils, put about :
j one tablespoonful bf kerosene oii in one ;
! quart of water. Asafcctida tied up in
j a rag and placed in the drinking water ,
! for the fowls will be a good remedy for j
j roup, also a preventive of most dis
[ eases. '
T7DAM 'VTJJ? WWVQ
Au2ii = : 5.
Ilartsviliie, Aug. 3 -John Wright, ;
colored, shot Clarence Byrd, white, i
this afternoon, killing him instantly
The origin of the trouble is not yet
clear. They had been drinking hard
cider. A party is in pursuit and a
lynching ie among the probabilities
Greenville, Aug. 3.-This morn?
ing a youug white man, Smalley,
was caught on the long: trestle of the
Southern railway uear the depot
by the early morning northbound ves?
tibuled train and injured internally so
that died two hours later.
Niagara Falls, N. Y., Aug. 3 -
Two cars on the Go^e railroad
crashed together this afternoon, with
the result that ll persons were se?
On last Thursday Wicker Smith
died about 10 miles from Newberry.
That night his two sons-Walter and
Howard-tried to decide where they
would lay the old man away. They
could not agree, and from words
came to blows, and as a grand finale
Howard cut Walter lour times and
gave him three deep stabs in the
breast. Howard was shot in the
hand, both so far are alive, but the
old woman buried Wicker in another
Williamston, Aug. 3.-Last night
about 9 o'clock Airs. Swinson of
Pelzer met with a horrible accident.
She had made ready to retire for the
night and just as she was about to
extinguish the light tbs lamp explod?
ed from some cause, saturating her
night clothing with blazing oil and
before her husband, who was near,
could reach her, she wa9 entirely
enveloped in the flames. She was
burned in a fearful manner. Death
relieved her about an hour later.
Denver, Coi., Aug. 3.--The fast
flyer on the Kansas Pacific railway
was wrecked st daylight this morn?
ing about 40 miles east of Denver.
Two trainmen were killed outright
and a number of passengers injured,
none of them fatally.
Yesterday the State dispensary
paid into the State treasury the $15,
000 promised at the encl of the month
of July. The payment was made
on time and it was hardiy expected
This payment makes $55,000 of the
money due the general fund of the
State which has been paid into the
treasury in the past two months un?
der the administration of Commis?
sioner Vance. With this amount of
money, according to the statement
made by State Treasurer Timcaerman
a few days ago, the geueral expenses
of the government will be carried
for some time longer than was ex?
pected and the necessity i'or bor?
rowing money to any extent may be
avoided. Commissioner Vance yes?
terday seemed to be quite proud of
the ability of the dispensary to pay
in this money on time
Jack Gilroy, a well known pro?
fessional base ball pitcher, died in
Norfolk, Va., yesterday from the ef?
fect of operations for appendicitis,
which the doctors now admit he did
The San Francisco mint received
$3,750,000 for coinage yesterday.
The Detroit Natioal Loan company
has been swindled out of $200,000
by three smooth Pittsburg, Pa., busi?
ness men The men obtained the
money on worthless security.
The big chemical works of D.
Jane & Sons of Philadelphia were
burned yesterday. Fourteen firemen
were seriously injured.
The Secretary of State has issued
a charter to the Prosperity. Cotton
Oil and Fertilizer Co., capital stock
The board of trustees of Clemson
College met Wednesday night but fail?
ed to elect a president. A committee
was appointed to look oat for a suitable
man for the place. Passed assistant
engineer George McElroy was elected
professor of machanical and electrical
engineering. The cow barn was struck
by lightning yesterday and destroyed
together with a lot of machioery.
The jail at Crystal Falls, Mich , was j
besieged last cigh? at a late hour by a ?
mob that wanted to lynch a tramp who j
had raped a white woman, it was not !
expected that the officers would be able ;
to hold out against thc mob.
During a storm at Paccic-?, S. C.,
yesterday afternoon a bouse was blown i
down on Mayor H. F. McDowell, fatal- j
ly injuring him.
The county commissioners of Pick
ens county have signed a unanimous rc- ?
quest that the dispensaries in that conn- j
ty be abolished.
New York. Aug. 5.-Silver bullion
experienced to-day the most violent
break of the entire .season'? decline. .
lo London the price dropped 1-2
penny p?r ounce from yesterday's price,
selling ar 25 3-4 pence per ounce,
against 27 1*2 peDce a month ago.
The New York price fell to 55 3-4
cents bid, a break 11-4 cents an ounce
frc m yesterday ano 4 14 eecrs with?
in a month. At rbis price the bullion
vaia'- cf tho silver d ;1I:M- is a trifle
more than 43 cents. London dispatch?
es ascribed to day';; weakness in silver
to liquidation by New York holders of
the moral. Xo such decline as to-day's
bas been witnessed siaca June, 1893.
The Indian mints wete closed to free
coinage on July 26, of that year. On
the next dav silver bullion fell in Loo
doc from 37 1-2 peDcs per ounce to a
price below 30, but rallied sharply
Pat Dreher shot and killed John
Cain and his wife, Mamie Dreher, at \
Lewiedale, S. C , on Thursday night,
and then made his escape.
The Englis~ Parliament was pro?
rogued yesterday at 3 15 o'clock until
The treasury department has been
informed that a cargo of arms for the
Cuban insurgents will be shipped from
Bridgeport, Conn, this week, unless
stopped by legal proceedings.
The English and American tennis
tourney was concluded yesterday by
a complete victory for the American
The senatorial campaign meeting
was held in Abbeville yesterday and
was not marked by any developments
of new or sensational character,
Atlanta, Aug 6-The strike situa?
tion at the Fulton Bag and Cotton
milis assumed a more serious phase
this morning when the operatives
demanded a signed statement from
Mr. Elsas that he would remove all
negro laborers. The president re?
fused. He discharged the negro wo?
men who were the immediate cause
of the trouble, but would not put ont
his old laborers. The strikers re?
fused to return.
"Wherever it is permitted to pre?
vail, however intense may . be the
provocation, lynch law is, in plain
terms, treason to self government.
It is conscious reversion to barbarism.
The community that tolerates it
shows that fundamental weakness cf
character, want of self control and
inability to resist a blind animal in?
stinct, indicative of a certain degree
of unfitness for the rational enjoy?
ment of civil liberty. To turn and
trample upon your own laws, out?
rage your own courts, and abuse
your own officers-that is lynch law.
Worse than that, you take tbe black?
est hearted and mo6t fiendish crimi?
nals, and, in your foolish rage, you
elevate him to the dignify of a vic?
tim, identifying his cause with the
c?\$se of law and order, and link his
fate with that of justice itself."
Jodge Phelps before the Maryland
"Look here, do yea knew I believe
Parson Downycouch gambles?'' re
markked one gentleman t<> another.
"Good gracious! ? hope sot." "I
hope not, too, but a suspicious circum?
stance occurred !ast Sunday when he
was reading our. the service." ,lWhat
was it?" "Well, instead of 'Oh,
Thou, s:bo bast the beans cf kings in
Thy hand' what dc you suppose be
read:' ''I've no idea." "He read:
'Ob. Thou, who bast the king of hearts
in Thy band "
A bar of lead cooled to a point
about 300 degrees Fahrenheit below
zero according to the experiments
of M. Pictet, gives out, when struck,
a pure musical tone. Solidified mer?
cury at the sa::?e temperature is also
resonant, while a coil of magnesium
wire vibrates like a steel spring.
BUCKLER'S ARNICA 3?-LVE.
The best Salve io the world for Outs
Bruises. Sores. Ulcer?, Salt Rheum, Fever
Sore, Tetter, Chopped Hands, Chilblains, Corns
and i-.il Skin Eruptions, :?nd positively cars
Pile: or no pay required. It is guaranteed to
give perfect satisf?celos, or nj on ey retarded
price 25 cent? per box. r\>r sale br Dr J. F.
If you have headache try Gienn Springs
V7ater and you will get reii'f, at Dr. A. J.
Celebrated for it3 gre it leavening strength
and h3althfulne?8. Assures the food against
alum and all forms of adulteration comraoa
to the cheap brands. Royal Baking Powder
Co-, Nsw "Bork.