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rsi S?JSTJSK WATCHMAN, Established April, 1SS0.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTH?ON, Established Jan?. 1S6?
Consolidated Ans. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JULY 10.1901.
New Series-Toi. XX. So. 50
V Published Svsry Wednesday,
1>B". G-, Osteen,
SUMTER, 8. C.
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Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
IBRIffiEDS HIE FROM HEAT.
Terrible Record of Heat in New
New York, July 2.-The heat,
which has worked such a havoc in
this city since last Saturday, was
somewhat mitigated this afternoon
"by a succession of thunder storms,
which cleared the atmosphere and sent
the mercury tumbling down ten de?
grees between the hours of 4.30 and
8 P. M. Never did a. downpour of
rain receive such an enthusiastic re?
ception as did this one. The thunder
and lightning were heavy and many
: houses were struck, causing fire, but
so fer as known no person was killed
or injured. During the last downpour
hail fell in quantities.
It .Wjas the hottest July 2 in the his?
tory of the local weather "bureau and
a day that almost reached the city's]
record of September 7, 188L '
The morning opened with the, tem?
perature at S3 at 6 A. M., and'in an
hour it had gone to 87 and in anoth?
er hour had climbed a point higher,
jumping all the way to 93 by 9
o'clock. The wind was scarcely per?
ceptible and the humidity, which was
59 per cent, aggravated the conditions.
Then the mercury kept on climb
ingy registering 95 at 10 o'clocck and
going .up a point an hour until it
* reached 98 in the hour between 12
and 1, and stayed there until after 3
The suffering caused by the heat
was unprecedented. All "the ambul?
ances in the city as well as the patrol
wagons and many other vehicles .were
kept busy answering calls. At the
rate of about one a minute the calls
came in over the police wires through?
out the day, breaking -all records of
demands upon the ambulance service
and providing patients enough to
crowd all the hospitals of the city as
they have never before been crowded.
While the official temperature up in
the lofty tower of the weather bureau
remained at 98, the thermometers on
.the street level ranged all the wav
from 100 to 106.
The terrible fatality of the heat was
shown in the large percentage of
deaths among those prostrated. Out
of 328 cases of prostration reported
up to IX 30 tonight 148 resulted fatally.
Between the hours of 2 yesterday
and 12 tonight there were in the
boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx
155 deaths and ITS prostrations. The
same weather conditions which pre?
vailed in this city obtained in Brook?
lyn: It was estimated by the police
at midnight tonight that during Tues?
day there had" been 60 deaths and 150
prostrations by the heat in Brooklyn.
. Pittsburg, July 2.-Fifty deaths
were reported in Pittsburg, Allegha
ny and saburbs : with many prostra?
tions. At the Homestead plant fifty
two men were prostrated and three
mills had to close down.
The mortality among children
throughout the city is unprecedented.
100 DEAD IN NEW JERSEY.
New York, July 2.-New Jersey
baked again today until local showers
in the afternoon caused a decided
drop in the temperature. The death
rate went up with a bound in the big
cities of the State. Thirty-one per?
sons died in Newark as a direct re?
sult of the heat and sixty or more per?
sons were prostrated. Deaths in other
cities of the Stats bring the total up
BALTIMORE AGAIN THE HOT?
Baltimore, July 2.-This city was
again at the head of the list of hot
cities today. The highest point reach?
ed by the "mercury today was at 2 p.
m. when it touched 103 degrees, the
maximum temperature of yesterday,
and remained stationery for an hour.
New York, July L-Today was the
hottest first of July on record. At 3.10
P. M. the thermometer at the weather
office reached 9S degrees, one degree
hotter than yesterday. The record
shows that in the thirty years preced?
ing on only two days in all that period
has a higher temperature been reach?
ed. These were July 9, 1876, and July
3, 18^8. On these days the thermom?
eter reached 99 degrees. The percent?
age of humidity today was only 48.
After 3.10 P. M.. a decline began
until at 9 A. M. the thermometer reg?
In the early morning hours there
.was what might be termed a light
breeze blowing, but during the early
part of the afternoon the breeze died
away and the city was baking in tor?
rid heat. The suffering in the city,
particularly in the crowded tenement
house districts, was most intense. As
the day grew the deaths # and prostra?
tions increased, and although provis?
ion was made in all the hospitals for
this emergency, the authorities were
scarcely able to cope with the great
tax made on thir resources.
Between the hours of morning and
midnight there were reported 57
deaths and 141 prostrations in the
boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx.
From midnight last night to 9 o'clock
tonight 21 deaths and 36 prostrations
had been reported in Brooklyn.
RELIGIOUS RIOTS IN MEXICO.
Clergy Denounced and Populace
Invade Churches-Priests Fled
Mexico City, July 2.-The public
mind is much excited and the clergy
are filled with indignation over the
results of the students' anti-clerical
demonstration yesterday. The stu?
dents met to the number of 300 and
held a public meeting: near the statue
of Columbus on El Pazo and Shi ve
driveway. Stirring speeches, showing
the feeling of the young men, were
made denouncing the recent alleged
immoralties of a few priests who it
was claimed by the students have been
shielded and not punished. A charge
was made that former Archbishop La
bastida was a traitor to his country
while the present Archbishop Alarion
showed no disposition to ?unish recre?
A company of mounted gendarmes
preserved order and the demonstration
was witnessed by Gov. Coral of the
federal district and by Chief of Police
The students, accompaanied by a
great number of people from the lower
classes marched up San Francisco
street and on the way the police ar
rested, three men for insulting women
while going to mass. By this time the
crowd numbered fully 3,000 people and
made its way toward the Church of
Santo Domingo where the Dominican
fathers officiate. Part of the crowd
entered during mass when the church
was filled with worshippers, mostly
ladies. Shouts were raised of "Death
to the priests !' ' and * * Down with the
clergy!" The priests left the altar
and sought refuge in the sacristy with
many of the worshippers. Women
cried and shrieked but the disturbance
went no further.
Another part of the crowd entered
the Church of Santa Cari ja arriving
during 12 o'clock mass. Windows
were broken and images thrown down.
The priests were dispersed and the
students made speeches denouncing
the clergy. There were heard shouts
for Father Icaza, who is accused of
The women present were terrified
and the police made several arrests
but many of the prisoners were after?
ward released. The leaders among the
students had counselled moderation
and not making a disturbance but the
mob was "apparently tbent on show?
ing its feeling toward the clergy.
Precautions have been taken to pre?
vent further trouble,, but it is believ?
ed that if several priests who are
publicly denounced in the press are
not punished the young men may
make an attempt to invade the tem?
ples. The liberals and non-Catholics
consider that the clergy will now be
compelled to demand the explusion of
priests who it is said have caused
public indignation to reach fever heat.
THE FIGHTING BOERS.
London, July 4.-In the House of
Commons tonight an acrimonious dis?
cussion arose between the Radicals and
the Government on the South African
Mr. Brodrick, the war secretary, re?
proached the Pro-Boer Radicals with
prolonging the war by encouraging the
Boers to a vain resistance. He an?
nounced that the Government had Just
received news that Commandant Gen.
Louis Botha had permission in June
to communicate with Mr. Kruger, the
result of which was a meeting at
which Gen. DeWet, Gen. Botha and
others decided to continue the war and
to accept no terms short of indepen?
London, July 5.-The dispatch read
last night by Mr. Brodrick in the
House of Commons was the first really
definite announcement the Government
has made that the peace negotiations
failed. It has revived keen interest
in the war. Dispatches from the front
say the Boers still have 13,000 men in
the field and declare that unless the
war can be finished during the next
two months the prospect is that it will
continue for another year.
GOVERNMENT BY INJUNCTION.
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 3.-Judge A.
C. Thompson, of the United States
Court, has allowed a temporary in?
junction against the striking machin?
ists. The action had been anticipat?
ed, and as Judge Thompson is to sail
for Europe next Saturday it was ex?
pected that Judge Clark would hear
the case. When there was a prospect
for an agreement between the parties
Judge Clark left the city on Tuesday
for his home in Chantanooga. Judge
Thompson was, therefore, called on to
. issue a temporary injunction. He said
that upon the application and the
affidavits accompanying it a temporary
order would issue, and the hearing on
its merits could be had before Judge
Clark fnext week. The order was a
very broad one. It enjoined the de?
fendants from ^picketing or patrolling
around the factories of the plaintiffs
and from guarding the doors or the
streets in front of the factories, and
from interfering in any way with em?
ployees now in the factories, either
there or at their home : from intimi?
dating their relatives or members of
their families. It also forbade the use
of violence, threats or intimidation to
induce any person to leave the employ?
ment, of the plaintiffs, or to prevent
anyone from entering into their em?
Bamberg, July L-Bamberg County
keeps up her reputation for homicides.
This morning J. E. Kennedy, a nice
looking young man, who resides on
his farm, near Govan, in this county,
came into town and surrendered to
Sheriff Hunter, who committed him to
prison. On Saturday evening he shot
and killed a negro man named Elijah
Graves, at a grist mill in Govan.
Republican Administration Will
Make a Play to Galleries by
Pretending to Fight Quay
Washintgon, July 4-The declara?
tion of war by Postmatser General
Smith in the name of the Administra?
tion against the Quay machine at
Philadelphia has created a genuine
sensation here-not so much, ^ how?
ever, as it would have, had it not
been for the fact that it is an old
story for national Administrations to
repudiate Pennsylvnia Republicanism
between elections and then sneak back
and take the benefit of it when the
necessity arises. President Harrison,
it will be remembered, who was elect?
ed through the application to the en?
tire United States by Senator Quay of
his familiar methods, later repudiated
the Senator, although he tried to make
friends again before the next election.
During (Jiay's fight for reelection to
the Senate, which ended so triumph?
antly a few months ago, he had the
real, though covert support, of the
Administration, despite the fact that
nothing is known of him now that did
not have its parallel then. The truth
seems to be that the latest steal by
the ring has so startled the country
that the Republican party feels com?
pelled to disavow it again, thus mak?
ing a record for rectitude which will be
maintained until the present scandal
The truth is that the condition of
Pennsylvania and of Philadelphia par?
ticularly is worse than that of New
York ever was, even in Tweed's
palmy days, and calls for some meas?
ures to clean the skirts of the Repub?
lican party from its odium. Postmas?
ter General Smith, as a Pennsylva?
nian, was chosen to make the play.
He had been asked to preside at the
monster mass meeting which was held
in Philadelphia last Thursday night,
but was unable to be present. He
wired, however, to the managers of
the meeting, that they could use his
name as one of the vice-presidents and
\ "It is time for a new Declaration of
Independence. Philadelphia ought to
rise in her might against the jobbers
in her public rights and the ravishers
of her sacred safeguards of law. "
The sentiment which is aroused in
Philadelphia is-shown.by the tenor of
the speeches delivered at the mass
meeting, when Col. A. K McClure,
the veteran editor, denounced the mu?
nicipal administration as "a gang of
thieves" and Mayor Ashbridge the
chief of the gang.
The events which have culminated
in this popular uprising are many.
The exposure of the election frauds was
one of the first and was followed by
the successful effort of the city govern?
ment to control the board of tax re?
vision, the board having previously
been appointed by the court in order
to secure an impartial and just assess?
ment. "When it was found that the
local officials had secured the power to
make arbitrary assessments and were
determined to use it to the detriment
of all who were against the machine,
there was general indignation. This
increased when the city franchises
were given away, but the climax came
when the district attorney, P. F.
Rothermel, jr., who had earned the
hostility of the city government by
the vigorous manner in which he
prosecuted the election frauds, was
denied a renomination. It was openly
stated by the local machine leaders
that he was deposed in order that a
district attorney might be nominated
who would be under their complete
control. "When this situation arose the
citizens took the matter in their own
hands and at the mass meeting placed
Mr. Rothnermel in nomination.
From this time until election day,
four months distant, the fight will be
between the machine and the inde?
pendent element, and the outlook is
for one of the liveliest campaigns ever
seen in Philadelphia. It is expected
that the reformers, who have not yet
chosen a party name, will eventually
nominate an entire ticket. The term
of Mayor Ashbridge will not expire
for anther year, so that no personal
fight can be made upon him, but his
administration will be bitterly attack?
ed. Already it is alleged that Phila
delphia is honey-combed by corruption
more flagrant and unblushing than
marked the'Tweed -regime or the worst
days of Chicago or San Francisco.
The tribute paid by vice to secure its
immunity.from punishment is said to
be greater than was disclosed by the
investigations into the methods of
the New York police, and it is assert?
ed that if the district attorney's office
could be controlled by the city ring,
criminal prosecutions would entirely
cease, except in the cases of those
persons who refused to pay the levy of
PROF. JOHN FISKE DEAD.
Gloucester, Mass., Jluy 4.-Prof.
John Fiske of Cambridge," the famous
lecturer and historian, died today at
the Hawthorne Inn, East Gloucester.
He came to this city yesterday after?
noon and was taken ill after arriving
at the hotel. The cause of death was
excessive heat, of which he had com?
plained for two days.
Mr. Fiske was 59 years of age and
was for many years connected with
Harvard college in professional capac?
ity, but severed all such relations with
the college IS years ago. retaining only
his office as a member of the board of
overseers, and devoting his entire time
to lecturing and historical research.
St. Paul, Minn. July 3.-According
to advices to Chief of Police O'Con?
nor, train No. 4, on the Great North?
ern, leaving Seattle Sunday evening
was held up near Wagner, Mont,about 1
o'clock this afternoon by a eang of
outlaws. The Great Northern Express
safe was blown open and $70,000 is
said to have been taken.
THE FOURTH IN THE PHILIPPINES.
Civil Government Inaugurated
Gov. Taft's Address.
Manila, July 4.-Civil government
in the Philippines was auspiciously
inaugurated today. Commissioner
Taft was escorted by Gen. MacArthur
and Gen. Chaffee from the palace to
a great temporary tribune on the oppo?
site side of the Plaza Placi?. Stand?
ing on a projecting centre of the trib?
une, Mr. Taft took the oath of office
as civil governor of the Phillippine
islands. The oath was administered
by Chief Justice Amello. Gov. Taft
was then introduced by Gen. Mac?
Arthur, the gun of Fort Santiago be?
ing fired by way of a salute.
A feature of the inaugural address
of Gov. Taft was the announcement
that on Sept. 1, 1901, the commission
would be increased by the appoint?
ment of three native members, Dr.
Wardo Detavera, Benito Legarda and
Jose Luzuriaga. Before the 1st of
September, departments will be insti?
tuted as follows, the heads being mem?
bers of the United States Phillippine
Commerce and Police-Wright.
Justice and Finance-Ide.
Of the 27 provinces organized, Gov,
Taft said the insurrection still exists
in five. This will cause the continu?
ance of the military government in
those sections. Sixteen additional
provinces are reported without insur?
rection, but as yet-they have not. been
organized. Four provinces are not
ready for civil government. Gov. Taft
said that with the concentration of
troops in large garrisons it would be
necessary for the people to assist the
police in the preservation of order.
Fleet launches will be procured, he
said, which will facilitate communica?
tion among the provinces, as well as
aid the postal and revenue depart?
In connection with educational
efforts, Gov. Taft said that adults
should been educated by an observation
of American methods. He said that
there was a reasonable hope that con?
gress would provide a tariff, suitable
to assist in the development of the
Philippines and not a mere application
of the United States tariff.
According to Gov. Taft there is an
unexpended balance in the insular
treasury of 83,700,000 and an annual
income of $10,000,000.
The governor said that any possible
friction between civil and military
subordinates should be discouraged.
The patriotism of the leading Filipinos
was commended. In conclusion Civil
Governor Taft reiterated a hope ex
pressd by the president that in the fu?
ture the inhabitants would be grateful
for the American Philippine victories
and that they would be indissolubly
linked in ties of affection with the
FREE TRADE FOR PUERTO RICO.
Local Taxation Now in Operation
Sufficient For Needs of Gov?
San Juan, July 4.-In a joint ses?
sion lasting three hours the Puerto
Rican assembly today unanimously
passed the free trade resolution. The
assembly hall was crowded with people
and cheers greeted the announcement
that Gov. Allen had signed the reso?
The free trade resolution begins
with a preamble in which reference
is made to Section 3 of the Foraker
law. The resolution then continues.
"The Puerto Rican assembly, in
extra session and acting pursuant to
the instructions of congress, does
hereby notify the president of the
United States that by virtue of the'
Hollander and other acts it has enacted
and put into operation a system of lo?
cal taxation to meet the necessities of
insular government and it hereby di?
rects that a copy of this joint resolu?
tion be presnted to the president of
the United States and it requests that
Gov. Alien deliver the resolution in
question to President McKinley, to
the end that the proclamation may be
made by him, and if it shall seem
wise and proper to the president of
the United States the assembly re?
quests that his proclamation be issu?
ed July 25th, as that day is being
established a legal Puerto Rican holi?
day to commenorate the anniversary
of the coming of the American flag. "
Gov. Allen personally read a mes?
sage before the assembly in which he
exhaustively reviewed the financial sit?
uation of the island, a:td showed that
Puerto Rico possessed abundant reve?
nues for its needs without drawing
upon customs receipts. Mr. Holland?
er's report on the island's resources
from which revenue eould be derived
was considered sufficiently definite to
warrant the joint resolution in favor
of free trade.
The resolution was introduced to the
house by Senator Morales. Mr. Hol?
lander, "in a long speech, reviewed
the workings of the tax law and ex?
plained the new system of taxation.
"Present conditions make this joint
resolution possible and the insular
treasury can henceforth dispense with
the revenues accruing from Puerto
Several other lengthy speeches were
made. The resolution passed at 12.45
and was signed by Gov. Allen.
San Francisco. July 4.-Concerning
the report that a shortage has been
discovered in the San Francisco branch
mint, The Chronicle today says: Six
bags of gold, each containing 85,000 in
$20 gold pieces, have disappeared from
the mint and no trace of the thief has
been discovered although Superintend?
ant Leach and his force, assisted by
Drector of the Mint Roberts and his
staff of experts, have been at work on
the mystery since June 29.
How Senators Trade Jobs For
Washington, July 5.-'Senatorial
courtesy" is a fearful and wonderful
thing. Translated into action it
means "you tickle me and I'll tickle
you;" that is to say, if you let my
jobs go through, I'll let yours. This
has grown up into a regular system
whereby any one Senator can usually
control all confirmations from his State
preventing them as long as he wUL
This he can do even though he belongs
to the minority party and is directly
opposing the policy of the President,
Of course, the majority, by mustering
its forces, can override him, but he
can, if he is a determined man, make
things so unpleasant on later occa?
sions for those who do the overriding
when they want their friends confirm?
ed that it is an exceedingly rare thing
for this to be attempted, much less
This is apropos of the South Caro?
lina appointments made by the Presi?
dent in accordance with wishes of Sen?
ator McLaurin with the idea of build?
ing up a decent white. Eepublican
party in the South. Three of these
appointments have been made, all of
which await confirmation by the Sen?
ate, thus giving Senator Tillman a
chance to oppose them.
The apointees will assume office but
they will hold it only until the Sena?
tor adjourns next summer. If it has
not confirmed them by then, their
commissions will expire and will
have to be renewed.
? It is announced here that Senator
Tillman will fight these confirmations,
holding them up as long as he can,
if not defeating them altogether. As
he will be aided, tactily if not other?
wise, by a certain number of Republi?
can Senators who think that there is
no use in trying to build up a white
Republican party in the South and
who object to the turning down of the
old Republicans there, it is extremely
probable that'he will succeed.
The third appointment of this sort
has just been made in South Carolina
by the selection of J. F. Richardson to
be postmaster at Greenville. The ap?
pointment was made at the instance
of Senator McLaurin, who has the
Federal patronage at his disposal Re?
publican candidates were ignored and
the office was tendered to Richardson
who is a Demorcat, but who is friend?
ly to the McLaurin movement.
In recommending these appoint?
ments, Senator McLaurin is building
a foundation for his reelection to the
Senate next year. Republicans who
remained by the party simply for
what there was in it will be set
aside to make rocm for more valuable
Democratic timber. The Republican
element is bitterly opposed to the loss
of all patronage which goes to the
converts, and it is said that powerful
machinery will be put to work to have
the nominations fail of confirmation by
The main fight will come on the
confirmation of John G. Capers, who
was appointed United States District
Attorney for South Carolina. Mr.
Lathrop", who was deposed by Mr.
Capers, has great strength with many
of the leading Republicans, and while
no statement has been made by his
side, itt is hinted that Lathrop's
friends are not satisfied. The appoint?
ment of Mr. Capers was also a. slap
at E. A. Webster, the personal friend
of Mr. Lathrop and the acknowledged
"boss" of Republican politics in the
State. The McLaurin movement is
simply taking all the patronage from
the life iong Republicns, and this lias
caused no end of hard feeling in .Re?
Mr. C. P. Townsend, of this' city,
who has been the private secretary and
law partner bf Senator McLaurin, is
slated for the position of first assistant
District Attorney, and the statement
that he would get the place has not
been denied. Mr. Townsend was as?
sistant Attorney General of South Car?
olina under the McLaurin administra?
tion and is a lawyer of no small
ability. The other attorneyship will
go to "Mr. Thomas B. Butler, of G&ff- \
ney, a nephew of General Matthew C.
Butler, of South Carolina. General
Butler's recent utterances in favor
of the McLaurin movement and his
influence generally is said to have been
responsible for his nephew's probable
mm* i t t i mm
A Row in Knights of Pythias.
Indianapolis, July 2.-At the special
meeting of the Supreme Lodge,
Knights of Pythias, in Chicago next
week, it is understood a report will
be made exposing persons alleged to
have been implicated in a deal by
which a former Illinois insurance
commissioner received from a man?
ager of the Knights of Pythias Endow?
ment Rank 83,500 for a "clearance
card" and a letter of commendation
from the rank. E. B. Hunt, Secre?
tary of State, who is a supreme repre.
sentative in the Order, will attend
the meeting of the Supreme Lodge
and will favor an investigation and in?
dictment of the offenders if there is
evidence to warrant such action.
The story is that the S3,500 bought a
report showing that an investigtaion
had been made and that the Endow?
ment Rank affairs had been found
satisfactory. Later the Illinois and
Connecticut insurance authorities be?
gan an investigation of the rank. This
is not yet finished.
Col. Neal's Bond Given.
Col. W. A. Xeal has succeeded in
giving the 82.000 bond required of him
by the court pending the result of his
appeal to the State supreme court and
yesterday morning he left toe city for
his home in Anderson, considerably
worn out with last week?s trying or?
deal in the court room.
The bondsmen were Messrs. F. H.
Weston, Haltiwanger and J. M. Gra?
ham.-The State, July 3.
DYNAMITE IND RIFLES
Fifteen Killed in the Smuggler
Denver, CoL, July 3.-News reach?
ed here late afternoon of an outbreak
of the striking mines of the Smuggler
mine near Telluride in the southwest?
ern part of the State. The informa?
tion was to the effect that the post
office had been blown up with dyna?
mite and 15 had been tailed in the
riot. All wires leading to Telluride
have been cut by the miners. The
news of the riot came from OurayV*.
Colorado, across the mountains from>
Telluride and was telephoned into
Ouray from the Camp Bird mine,
which is between Ouray and Telluride.
The/Camp Bird is the propery of
Thomas Walsh, a resident of Washing?
ton. It is said that miners from the
Liberty Bell, Tom Boy, Revenue and
Camp Bird mines have joined with the
Smuggler strikers and that 800 men
now surround the Smuggler mine.
The dispatch from Oury stated the
shooting was still going on when the.
dispatch was sent. The strike at the
Smuggler mine has been on for some;
time and only recently a citizens com?
mittee was appointed at Telluride to
try to effect a settlement of the differ?
ences between the miners and the
owners of the property.
The sheriff of the county in which
Telluride'is located wired Gov. Or?
man for troops to assist in suppressing
the rioters. A call for the militia to
assemble at their anno ris at 8 o'clock *
tonight was issued from the adjutant
general's department and directed to
the companies at -Denver and Pueblo.
At 10:45 tonight Gov. Orman re?
ceived a message from Sheriff Dow-...
tain, of Tulleride, saying that the;
strikers had taken forcible possession.
of the Smuggler Union mine and had
run all- the employes over the range.
The message said that the latter made
no resistance. WB???B?
Gen. Gomez Issues Statement.
New York, July 2.-Gen. Maximo
Gomez gave out the following state?
"In response to the request of the
press for me to make a statement in ;
regard to Cuba, all I have to say is
that the acceptance of the Platt
amendment by the Cuban constitution?
al convention has already defined the
political situation of Cuba, and as
the Cubans are all anxious to estabr *
lish self government, they are all
working toward this end. There is
not one who does not desire to see the.}
flag float free, a flag which represents
so much suffering and .so many sacri?
fices for freedom's sake. The whole
world has known, this many years.
"The sole object of my visit has
been my great desire to embracejmy
old, true and loyal friend, Thomas?
Estrada Palma, whom I have not beeiu;
able to sae since peace was established ?
and of course, to pay a visit to-Presi
dent McKinley, to whom we Cubans .
owe so much, and also to pay my re?
spects to Secretary Root.
"This is not my first visit to this
city, of which I have many pleasant
and also sad recollections, for I have g
once silently and unknown trod the
thoroughfares of a free country with
only the ardent hope of helping to
break the chains that enslaved Cuba;
Today everything is changed. Onf
again settinag foot in this free land I
feel happy, for in America I see a
friend, who having shed his blood side
by side with us for freedom has earned
eternal gratitude and established the
mutual obligation between the two
peoples to maintain the peace anet in?
dependence of the island of Cube.
("Signed) M. Gomez.''r%
Gen. Gomez will in all probability
return to this city from Washington
Wednesday and will remain here until
Sturday, when he will sail for Cuba. ^ >
The Oil Placed on the Experi?
^Yesterday the initial experiment
with the use of crude petroleum oil on
fae macadam streets to keep down the
dust was made. Bright and early yes
terdy morning Messrs. Graham, Traeg?
er, Scott and others who determined to.
make the experiment on Blanding;
street, between Marion and Bull, at
their own expense had workmen out.
A paint sprinkling pump with hose
and nozzel was used, and the contents
of the five barrels of oil was well dis?
tributed over the roadawy. It prompt?
ly soaked into the macadam, and the
general appearance of the surface late
yesterday afternoon indicated that
the surface would hold its own. Yes?
terday carriages and wagons would
emerge from clouds of dust at either
end of the driveway and as soon as the.
oiled surface was encountered there
ceased to be the slightest indication ejfc
dnst either from the hoofs of the,
horses or the wheels of the vehicle.
The gentlemen who are making the,
experiment at their own expense per- ,
sonally supervised the oiling work yes-,
terday and are thoroughly satisfied
with the results thus far secured.-The.;
State, July 3.
Was Tried For Kissing Pretty
Maid of Sixteen.
Special to The State.
Spartan bug, July 2.-In the sessions
cont today the major portion of the
day was consumed in the hearing of
the case against C. C. Hopper, a boss
in one of the rooms of the Clifton
mills at Converse, charged with as?
sault and battery of a high and ag
frict.r ^d nature. He is a married
man. T-ie grounds of the complaint is
that on or near the mill premises the
defendant kissed Miss Magige Cudd,
an operative in the Clifton mill Miss
Cudd is about 16 years of age and of
buxom, comely appearance. The jury
went out at 5 p. m., and after three
and a half hours delibertion found Mr.
Boppernot guilty.-The State, July 3.