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Sot?ofl Report M Eneouragii
Conditions Were Much Varied
Some Sections it Was Too E
in Others Too Wet For th
Crop to Flourish.
The repo?ts on cotton coverin
past week are not of an encoun
nature, although they are more ir
.ed to anticipate than to chronicle
tive injury. 'The extremely high
perature that prevailed over the
tral and western portions of the
In connection with a continued
sence of rain where it is most ne
-cheeked the growth of the plants
induced some shedding of leaves
fruit. In a few sections excessive
capitation caused too much weed, v
in South Carolina, Georgia, Alar,
and portions of Mississippi slight
.general improvement in condii
"both as to growth and fruitage, is
-ted. Picking has begun in Texas
- will not be general for some t
In Mississippi the week was inte
sively hot with a high per cent, of
-shine. The mean ^temp?r?t rue r?
ing from 4 to 8 degees above no]
j|| -and the maximum reached 100 deg
or more in all parts of the State.
*cept a very few light, scattered sh
ers in some of the southern conni
no rain fell during the week. 31
.correspondents report- no rainfall
any consequence since June 6th. (
ton is being laid by and on bot
lands continues to do- wells, whih
uplands the growth of the plant
been retarded by dry weather and i
blooming to the top. On the wh
the staple is withstanding the drou
In Louisiana, over thar portion
the State lying south of a line dn
through Avoyeils, Rapides and Ver:
parishes, .refreshing and benefit
showers were frequent during the f
days of the week, and lighter, lc
showers occurred at scattered pla
north of that tier of parishes.
. Cotton is doing well wherever r
has fallen and has stood the drou<
well wherever grown, but is v<
small and in many places has stop]
growing for the want of moisture a
is fruiting at the top at a height of
to 18 inches, where ordinarily at ti
season of the year its height is two
R* - four feet.
In Tennessee generally hot, c
weather, and high |percentage of st
shine prevailed during the week wi
damaging effect on growing crops,
a few sections where local rains fel
mostly in the northwestern portion
the easetern division and the easte
portion of the middle division-ere
are, as a rule, in good condition, b
?elsewhere, especially in the central a
western portions of the western div:
ion, the drought is geatting to be ve
serious on all growing crops, especi"
ly early upland ocrn, which is rapid
-failing. Cotton has made fair pro
ress toward fruiting until the la
few days, and it is now beginning
show the effect of the extremely d
In Texas a marked deficiency
rainfall for the State is again note
While showers, and in a few instanc
? General rains over the belt won
quickly change the present gloon
.outlook into a brilliant prospect for
In North Carolina, in many westei
and northern counties, crops made f
Torable progress, but in the east ar
* south too much rain interfered agai
with farm work, but has started gra
to growing rapidly in most all crop
Bottom lands are in very bad cond
tion, and hardly any results are e:
pected^from them. The weather hi
Been a little cool for cotton, and th
rainy, damp conditions since the 12t
is causing it to develop too muc
In ^South Carolina cotton improve
with cultivation, and, although sti
very small, looks healthy and is fruil
ing better than last week. Most c
the fields have been cleaned of grass
and the plants are growing slowh
In places cotton continues to have"
yellow color, and there are reports c
.shedding leaves, and squares. Sea-is3
and is thriving, but the plants ar
?dwarfed, and blight is present ii
In Georgia, except over limite?
. areas, the week passed with little o
no rainfall, attended by high tempera
. tare. While such conditions favore<
.cultivation of crops, they are detri
menial to corn and cotton, and thi
later crops are badly in need of mois
tare A hot wind on the 12th parchec
vegetation to a considerable extent.
In Florida the week has been favor
able over the greater portion of th<
State, and a general improvement ii
noticed in cotton over the wester:
.district, where the staple has beer
well cultivated and is now fruiting
more freely. There is much grass tc
contend with in northern and centra!
districts, and where some fields have
in Alabama practically no rain was
received, except insufficient showers
in extreme eastern and southwestern
.counties, and the drought is becoming
serious in its effects. Cotton is hold?
ing UD fairly well, though it would be
benentted by rain: it is still .small,
s'&zt ciean, well formed and fruiting
.. heevy .a*ins, occurred on the lOtb, 11th
andV?^h -ctrer the southwestern por
?..'?* wc*and-t8feBj>4ne Gulf coast, there
. were on"ty a few localities where the
droughty conditions were relieved.
Over the northern, central, western,
and, notably, over the northeastern
sections the drought is practicaaHy
unbroken : the few s.-attered showers
that-v^*c*r th?se districts did little
naorf th-rtn dampen the ground and
-. iSrc??.cv?; ~$ benefit to vegetation. In
"some localities it ha's been seven
weeks since rain fell, and in a gr.?ar
?many sections the drought has re?
mained unbroken for over a month.
Stock water is failing fast and the
ranges are dry and bare: wells and
small water courses are drying up, and
in many places where crops are irri
?gated this work has been abandoned
on account of insufficient water sup?
ply. In portions of the State where
-rain fell, crops that were not too far
gone revived rapidly but over much of
?he greater part of the State a serious
drought is prevailing. Cotton, that
has withstood the drought so well, is
'beginning to' fail. That planted on
uplands is shedding badly and in many
other ways shows the effects^ of dry
weather." Lowland cotton is doing
?aarJy well; it is fruiting rapidly,
but the crop needs rain badly and un
3es3 it is" relieved soon much less than
an average crop be made. In the j
southwestern portion of the State some :
cotton has been picked, but it will be
some time before this work will be j
general. In Frio county one bale of !
cotton has been ginned.
In Arkansas generally very high j
temperature prevailed throughout the 1
State. No rain of any consequences
was reported. Crops of all kinds have
been damaged by the continued dry,
hot weather. Cotton has been badly
injured in most sections and is gener?
ally suffering for need of rain.
In Oklahoma and Indian Territory
the drought conditions are very severe
and threaten injury to most crops, but
cotton has withstood the dry weather
and high temperature very weil, except
that the plants are beginning to shed
No Surrender in Africa.
London, July IS.-The war office
issued late tonight a dispatch from
Gen. Kitchener giving the correspond?
ence between Mr. Reitz and Mr. Steyn
that was captured with the latter's
baggage near '? Lindley, July ll. Mr.
Reitz, under date of May 10, wrote
Mr. Steyn that a meeting of the
Transvaal government had been held,
attended by Gen. Botha, Gen. Yil
joen and Mr. Smuts, to consider the
national situation. Hejwent on to cat?
alogue the difficulties, the numerous
surrenders of burghers entailing a
heavy responsibility on the govern?
ment, the rapidly decreasing supply
of ammunition, disintegration of the
government and the lack 'of any defi?
nite assurances of European interven?
"In view of these facts,'* he said,
'.the "government has decided to ad?
dress a message to President Kruger
pointing cut the terrible conditions.
The time has past to let matters go as
at present. We must take a final
step. ' '
Mr. Steyn. replying May 15, up?
braids I*Ir. Reitz with weak hearted?
ness, saying :
There is still sufficient ammunition
to continue the struggle. You ask
what prospect there is of a successful
termination. I ask what chance there
was for two small republics when they
declared war against the mighty power
of Great Britain? You will answer that
we trusted in God and in foreign in?
tervention. Wha*; reason is there now
to place less trust in God."
"I have seen recent European news?
papers and I firmly believe that com?
plications will occur in Europe in the
course of a few months that willi se?
cure our good fortune. ' '
Mr. Steyn also says the fact that
Mr. Kruger and the Boer delegates re?
main in Europe convinces him that
they consider the case not beyond
hope. He added that he has summon?
ed Gen. DeWet and urges Mr. Reitz
to take no steps until he ha heard
from him further.
TROTTING RECORD BROKEN.
Detroit, July IS.-Cresceus, the
Chestnut stallion, owned and driven
by Goerge H. Ketcham, of Toledo,
won the free for all trot on the Detroit
driving club's track at Grosse Points
this afternoon and incidentlly trotted
the fastest heat and won the fastest
race record ever made. Charlie Herr,
the brown stallion, owned by David
Cahill, of Lexington, Ky., was the
only opponent in this race and he was
a slow second. Cresceus won the first
heat by five lengths in 2.06 3-4, break?
ing the racing record for this year on
any track, and in the second heat he
led by anywhere from five to ten
lengths and finished easily in 2.05 flat,
breaking the world's record. This
announcement by the starting judge
was received with tumultuous huz?
DROUGHT IN TEXAS.
Dailas, Texas, July IS.-The drought
in Texas is still unbroken. The heat
today is as intense as the average for
the last three weeks. A small patch
of the cotton district received a small
rain last night but the rainfall was
purely local in extent and was confin?
ed to part of Ford Bend county around
Richmond, near the Gulf coast, and
made no great change in the cotton
crop situation. No rain has fallen to?
day in the State and there are'no signs
of any. Cotton growers and cattle
raisers are gloomy.
The South Seeking White Help.
Huntsville, Ala., July 14.- The la?
dies of Huntsville are heading a move?
ment to employ white girls in their
housework by way of answer to the
Limplied threat of the negroes to or?
ganize , in order to further their in?
terests. For some months the service
on the part of the negro girls has
grown steadily poorer, and it was ex?
ceedingly difficult to obtain a reliable
cook or housemaid.
The indefferent attitude of the ne?
groes, coupled with the vague rumors,
caused the ladies to believe that some
organized movement, was about to be
set on foot, and forthwith they began ot
correspond with employment bureaus
in the Northern and Western cities.
Advices have been received to the
effect that hundreds of white girls are
willing to come South if assured of
Some of the most prominent ladies
of the city he'a several meetings last
week to consider action, and it is
probable that within two weeks there
will be abundance of white labor in
this and other Southern cities.
NO MORE WEATHER FLAGS.
There have been no weather flags
displayed for several days, and the rea?
son given is that the chief of bureau
has recently issued instructions that
in cities of over 5,000 inhabitants, no
flags, except the cold wave signal, be
hereafter displayed, but that the fore
casts.be made available to the public
through the daily newspapers and by
posting them at prominent points.
They will be displayed as formerly if
the flags are provided without expense
to the bureau, as the money appro?
priated for flairs will be spent for the
equipment and maintenance of fore?
cast display stations in rural communi?
ties. In South Carolina, this order
will affect Charlesron. Columbia,
Spartanburg, Greenville, Sumter, j
Anderson. Orangeburg, Rock Hill and ?
Union.-The State. !
SILL GUB? BE ? STATE.
Trust Barons Will Object For
They Fear Free Trade With
Washington. July 19.-it is not
only possible but probable that the next
Congress, at one of its sessions, will
have to decide whether or not to ad?
mit Cuba to the American Union.
According to reports from that island
an active propaganda for annexation
has already been begun and is advanc?
ing rapidly. Cuba, it is said, wants
to be free to see how it feels, but al?
most the first use she will make of her
freedom will be, it is said, to try to
surrender it to the custody of the Uni?
Whether the United States will ac?
cept the proffer is extremely doubtful.
Signs are not wanting that a power?
ful section of the Republican party is
being formed which is bitterly opposed
to closer trade relations with any of
the new island possessions, free trade
with which, they hold, would be in?
imical to our increasing growths of
semi-tropical products, especially
On the other hand, the fact that we
liberated Caba and, by so doing, de
prived her of her former markets will
be a strong argument for going fur?
ther and insuring her prosperity by giv?
ing her access to ours. Then, the
great military advantages of the
island will cut a decided figure in the
decision that mav ultiintelv be reach?
Undeterred by possible obstacles in
their way the annexationists are said
to be going ahead vigorously, address?
ing their appeals to "all who live from
their labor, agriculturists' great and
small, the merchants, the industrials,
the landed proprietors, and all who
desire for Cuba order, x-rogress and
prosperity." The conservative class
ess ar urged to bestir themselves, as
they hold the future welfare of the isl?
and in their hands. It is stated in
that Cuba is "near a monetary crisis,
the country is exhausted, impoverish?
ed, and much time must elapse before
it gets on its feet if we do not have the
acumen to select the only straight !
and sure road on which to reach an
exit-that is, annexation to the Uni?
ted States.'' That annexation will have
to come at ail events there remains no
doubt, but there is a great difference
in having it soon, by a timely request,
and irving it come after a long process
which may exhaust the little strength
remaining in the country.
"To a lilliputian republic with
enormous expenses, among which are
those of a foreign representation, poor
in resources and going backward, we
prefer the incorporation of the State
of Cuba into the American Union,
which will bring with it a state of
The propaganda of the annexation?
ists is being directed with effect, and
conservative Cubans say that the issue
which will confront Congress at an
early date will be the incorporation of
the island into the Union rather than
the ratification of a reciprocity treaty.
According to all appearances Cuba
will begin business with a v?ry light
debt, amounting to only about 3122,
400, this being the vine of the bonds
issued by Senor Guerra, treasurer of
the Junta at New York, by author?
ity of the Cuban Revolutionary Gov?
ernment, as testified to by him under
oath before the Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations just before the dec?
laration of war against Spain. Senor
Guerra swore, in answer to questions
from Senator Foraker, that he as
treasurer, had control of the bond is?
sued, every one of which had to pass
through his hands. There had been
printed he said $2,970,000 bonds in
denomintion of $1,000, 8500, 8100 and
850, and 8175,000 in denominations of
810 and 85, making a total of 83,145,
600. Of this there had been sold for
cash 894,050 to 15S different persons
on amounts ranging from 85 to 820,
000 and at different prices ranging
from 25 per cent to par. Beides those
actually sold for cash, there had
been given in exchange for merchan?
dise 827,370, making a total of bonds
disposed of 8122,400. The balance of
the bonds printed, 83,023.200 were all,
he said, in his possession.
No bonds of the Republic of Cuba,
he said, had been given to any news?
paper, public official or to any syndi?
cate, corporation, firm, or to any per?
son whatever, and no other bonds
were out of his control, but those men?
tioned above as sold for cash and
given in payment for merchandise.
All statements to the contrary pub?
lished by the press or rumors set
afloat by the enemies of Cuba were
If Senor Guerra spoke the truth, as
there is no reason to doubt, these
8122.400 worth of bonds represent the
total debt of the island under its new
constitution which provides especially
that these, and only these, bonds shall
be assumed by the island government.
OFF FOR THE POLE.
Tromsoe. Norway, July 17.-Shortly
after midnight last night the ships of
the Baldwin-Zeigler Arctic expedition
weighed anchor, and with the Stars
and Stripes and Norwegian flags at
their masts, steamed off to the north.
As they left the harbor the crews of
the other vessels gave the expedition
a parting cheer.
The America will proceed first to
Archangel in Russia, and then return
to the island of Vardoe, off the coast
of Norway, whence the final departure
for Franzjosef land will be made.
Touching at Houningsvaag, the Amer?
ica and B?lgica will pick up the
Frithjof and all three vessels will pro?
ceed northward together.
Teachers For the Philippines.
Some time ago State Superintendent
of Education McMahan annonnced
that the federal government would ap?
point two teachers from South Caro?
lina for services in the public schools
in the Philippines. Th?* positions pay
$1,300 p?-r annum and they were eager?
ly sought for. it is stated that there
were more than 150 applicaants.
Information has been received in
this city that Capt. K. 1>. Epps of
Cokesbury, who was military com?
mandant of the Patrick Military In?
stitute during the last year of its ex?
istence, had won one of the appoint?
ments and that Prof. P>. M. Sullivan,
at one time principal of the Anderson
Graded Schools, had received the oth?
er. They are to leave for the Philip?
pines on the 22d inst.-Anderson Mail.
R. 0. DUNN BEVIEWS ?BSBE.
Farmers sn Good Shape io Stand
Small Corn Crop.
X.-v.- York. July 19.-R. G. Dun &
Co's, weekly review of trade tomorrow
will say :
Anxiety regarding unfavorable possi?
bilities in the future rather than any
actual present misfortune, depressed
securities and caused cancellation of
some orders for merchandise by west?
ern dealers. Retail distribution of
goods will not be curtailed by the labor
controversy unless it is of long dura?
tion, as the men have saved money
during the rceent period of full em?
ployment at high wages. Similarly,
in some agricultural districts where
there is fear that little corn will be
harvested, preceding bumper crops at
good prices have put farmers in such
prosperous condition that their pur?
chases will not fall off materially,
while the greatest crop of wheat on
record has not brought a return to the
low prices of previous heavy yields.
Beyond advancing prices of steel
sheets and depressing the markets for
tin, quotations have not been affected
by the strike of the Amalgamated As?
sociation. Pig iron furnaces are not
disturbed, although record-breaking
production will bring accumulation of
stocks if the rolling mills are kept
idle for any length of time.
In the branches not directly con?
cerned there is no change of condi?
tions, orders frequently running a
month ahead. In anthracite coal re?
irions work has also been interrupted,
but the recent exceptionally heavy
output assures abundant stocks for
Woolen mills are more generally
active than at any time this year, or?
ders for heavy weight goods arriving
in large numbers. The light weight
season will soon open, and although
it is expected that concessions of from
5 to lOper cent, from last year's prices
will be made, there is prospect of
profitable operation unless the raw
material should advance. In cotton
goods the situation is unchanged.
There was a decline in cotton below
S 1-2 cents, followed by slight recovery
as news from plantations failed to show
the desired improvement. Foreign
consumption is light, judging by re?
duced exports, and port receipts of the
old crop are still liberal. These are the
depressing elements that keep prices
1 1-2 blow last year.
Stability of prices seems assured in
the footwear industry. The firm tone
is sustained by the steadiness of leath?
er, and buyers are not seeking conces?
sions. Factories are running full time
with orders on hand for months ahead.
Hides are fairly active and steady,
some grades at Chicago tending down?
ward on account of increased receipts
of cattle because of the drought, but in
the long run this should be a support?
ing factor, as later arrivals must show
at least an equivalent decrease.
Calmer counsel prevailed in the
grain markets, exaggerated dispatches
were discounted and variations in
quotations were less extensive. After
a severe break from the best price last
Friday wheat steadily advanced as the
feeling became general that foreign re?
quirements would bring a new record
for exports possibly exceeding 250,
000,000 bushels. Some of the heavy
crop also may be used for fodder in
sections where corn is deficient. These
influences fully offset the effect of in?
terior receipts for the week of 6,750,
242 bushels against only 4,332,254 last
year. Atlantic exports show a large
gain over last year's figures, for the
week amounting to 3,902,775 bushels
against 1,841,881 a year ago. After
some reaction corn recovered most of
the loss, and holders showed their con?
fidence in values by marketing only
3,361,942 bushels for the week against
4,416,153 a year ago, although the
high price was distinctly reflected in
Atlantic shipments of onlv 1,176,982
bushels against 3,961,496 in 1900.
Failures for the week numbered 193
in the United States aginst 231 last
year and 32 in Canada, against 27 last
$40,000,000 for 16 Georgians.
Atlanta, Ga., Julv 13.-An Austra?
lian fortune of 840,000,000 is to be di?
vided among the heirs of the late
Josiah Tyson, residing in Georgia and
Alabama. The firm of Hoke Smith
and H. C. Peeples have communicated
with the proper authorities at Mel?
bourne and have learned that the in?
formation of the inheritance 'received
here is correct. The Georgia heirs
are: Henry F. Tyson, Mrs. M. D.
Tvson, R. S. Tvson, James D. Tvson,
L* J. Tatum, W. ?H. Thompson, Mrs.
Ellen Fuller and'J. S. Tyson. All
of these live in Troup County, in the
neighborhood of Lagrange. The Ala?
bama heirs are: John S. Tyson, Wes
lev Wade Gordon, Mrs. Lodie Ann
Tvson, Mrs A. Moblev, Mrs. N. E.
Baker, Mrs. N. J. Brown, Mrs. F. W.
Tyson, and Mrs. Emma E. Hamer.
The majority of these persons live in
CANT HELP THEM.
The authorities of York county have
again written the governor stating
that the glanders is steadily spreading
in that county, and asking in view of
the announcement that Dr. Nesom
cannot leave Clemson on account of
sickness in his family, that certain
Atlanta experts, who are named, be
sent there to aid in checking the
spread of the disease. The governor
has no funds with which to pay for
such service, and has written the
York county authorities that about all
they can do is to write President
Hartzog, of Clemson, and if he can do
nothing, then employ the experts
themselves. He regrets, he says, that
he is powerless to render the desired
Washiington, July IS. -A bulletin
issued by the census office today shows
that there has been a decrease of the
Chinese population in the United
States since 1*90 of 17.675, the num?
ber now here being S9,S00. The Ja?
panese increased during the past ten
years from 2.037 to 24,000.
Chicago. July 18.-Tthe Record
Herald tomorrow will say: The salt
trust known as the Michigan salt asso?
ciation, has reduced the price of the
commodity from 70 cents to 45 cents a
barrel. A lanre surplus of salt has
been accumulated by the trust and by
the disposal of this at reduced prices
the comuetition of smaller dealers it
is thought will be greatly curtailed.
Greenville. July 18.-J. F. Richard?
son received his commission today from
President McKinley as postmaster of
Greenville. Mr. Nichols, the incum?
bent, made a strong appeal to be re?
tained until the expiration of his com?
mission on the 1st of next May. He
got a numerously signed petition,
which was forwarded to Washington,
and it is said the Senators from
Maine, his former home, made an
effort to retain him, but the President
saw no reason to change his mind, and
Richardson wsu appointed.
fgSfe CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH
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R M. WALLACE.
R lt. EDMUNDS, President.
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! Used by pecp:e who know a good p?*no that
any otner mske Its because Stieff Pianos
are better ard co?t le?s thao others.
Moving, Tu? ing end Repairing : Accom?
modating Terms. Catalogue and hock of
suggestions cbe?-rfullv given.
CHAS. M. STIEFF,
Y'arercoms, 9 North Liberty Street.
Aiken and i,?nvalpstreets.
' BALTIMORE, MD.
The Largest ai? Most Complete
Geo, S. Hacker & Son,
D8ORS3 S?SH3 BLINDS,
Moulding & Building
office and VTarerooms. King3 opposite Caa
CHARLESTON, S. C,
?&f Pnrrfcasf our make, which we gu?rante
superior to any sold South, and
thereby ?ave money.
Window and Paney Glass a Specialty
Contains Oxygen and Ni?
trogen in the proportion
of one to five.
ORS. STARKEY & FAUN'S
Cootaios Oxygen acts Nitrogen
the former greatly io excess
czoa ?,aod is ?ery soluabie io wa?
ter. Heat liberates it ; it is taken
into the loogs by ioralatioo, ab?
sorbed by the blood, which it
purifies aod so goes directly to
the seat of all diseases. Seod for
oar 200 page treatise ; seor free.
ORS. 8TAKEY & PALEN,
1112 Girard Street,
Sao Fraocisco, Cal. Torooto, Cal.
Also assortment of Garden
Large line of fine Havana
A choice line of Toilet and
Fancy Goods to which atten?
tion is invited at
DeLorme's Drug Store.
THE BANK OF SUMTER,
SUMTER, S. C.
City and County Depositary
Capital stock paid in. . . $75,000 00
Undivided surplus, . . 16,000 00
Individual liability cf stockholders
in escess ot their stock, . 75,000 00
Transacts a genera! backing business ; also
has a Savings Bank Department. Deposits of
$1 and upward received. Interest alloted sj
the rate of 4 ter cen?, per anourr, payable
W F. B. HAINSWORTH, President.
MARIOK MOIS?, W.F. REAMS,
Digests what you eat.
This preparation contains all of the
digestants and digests all kinds of
food. It gives instant relief and never
fails to cure. It allows you to eat all
the food you want. The most sensitive
stomachs can take it. By its use many
thousands of dyspeptics have been
cured after everything else failed. It
prevents format ion of gason the stom?
ach, relieving all distress after eating.
Dieting unnecessary. Pleasant to take.
lt can't help
but do you good
Prepared only by T.. C. PF.WITT&I'O.. Chicago
The $1. Dottie contains 2Vt times the 50e. sizo
J S HUG-HSON & CO