Newspaper Page Text
Tax SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1SS0? "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established Jane 11 6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 7.1901.
New Series-Vol. XXI. .Yo. 1
?|jt SSairta a? .Sonfljroit
PuUis3aed Erery "S'sis.ssiay,
IST. G-. Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
$1.50 per ancam-ia advance
Ono Square first insertion.$1 00
Bvery subsequent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer wil
be made at reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged fora3 ad versements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
is to His disobeying Orders.
Washington, Aug. 1.-The navy
department has refused to accede to
Admiral Schley's suggestion that the
language in the fifth specification of
the precept to the court of inquiry be
The Admiral in his letter challenges
that specification of the precept which
states as a fact that he had disobeyed
orders, and suggested that it be modi?
fied. The department in its reply de?
clines to make the suggested modifica?
tion on the ground that according to
the official records Admiral Schley
himself acknowledged that he had dis?
obeyed orders. The disobedience of
orders was an established fact whether
unwillingly or willingly.
The following are the letters that
have passed between Admiral Schley
and the navy department respecting
the precept :
Great Neck, N. Y., July 27, 1901.
Sir: I have the honor to acknowl?
edge receipt of the department's com?
munication of July 26th inst., enclos?
ing copy of an order "convening, pur?
suant to the request contained in (my)
communication of the 22nd a court of
Inasmuch as the court is directed
to "investigate" and after such in?
vestigation, report "full and detailed
statement of all the pertinent facts
which it may deem to be established,
together with its opinion and recom?
mendation in the premises, " I would
respectfully suggest to the department
that paragraph 5 of the department's
precept, which is as follows, viz: "5. j
The ci rcumstance attending and the
reasons for the disobedience by Com?
modore Schley of the orders of the de?
partment contained in its disoatch,
dated May 25,1898* and the propriety of
his conduct in the premises," be mod?
ified to omit the department's expres?
sion of opinion and thus leave the
court free to express its own opinion
in that matter.
W. S. Schley,
Hon. John D. Long, Secretary of the
Washington, Aug. 1, 1901.
Sir: The department has received
your letter of the 27th ultimo, in
which you acknowledge the receipt of
a copy of the order convening at your
request, a court of inquiry to investir
gate your conduct during the war with
Spain, and suggest that paragraph 5
of said order, directing the court to
inquire into the "circumstances at?
tending and the reasons for the diso?
bedience by Commodore Schley of the
orders of the department," etc., "be
so modified as to omit the depart?
ment's expression of opinion, and thus
leave the court free to express its own
opinion in that matter."
.. In reply you are advised that the
precept calls for an inquiry by the
court and the ascertainment of perti?
nent facts. For the purpose of setting
on foot this inquiry, the precept treats
certain matters as established, such
for instance, as the arrival of the "fly?
ing squE.dron" off Cienfuegos and off
Santiago, the retrogade movement
westward ; the turn of the Brooklyn
on July 3, 1898, and the fact that you
disobeyed orders as reported by you
in your telegram dated Kingston, May
28, 1898, in which you say: "Much
to be regretted, cannot obey orders
of the department."
Inasmuch, however, as it is the de?
partment's purpose that the court shall
be absolutely free to report, if such
shall be found to be the case, that you
did not wilfully disobey the orders, or
that you were justified in disobeying
them, and that this may be clearly un?
derstood your letter of the 27th"ulti
mo, with copy of this reply will be
duly forwarded to the court.
F. W. Hackett,
Acting Secretary Navy.
Rear Admiral Winfield S. Schley,* U.
S. N., Great Neck, N. V.
?TRANSMITTED TO DEWEY.
Washintgon, Aug. 1.-Formai action
in the matter of the Schley court of
inquiry was today confined "to the dis?
patch of a letter to Admiral Dewey
stating that "the department here?
with transmits copies of letters, dated
July 27 and Aug. 1, respecting the
precept under which the court of in?
quiry in the case of Rear Admiral
Schley is to be convened. ' ' The court,
through Admiral Dewey, had already
been supplied with a neatly printed
copy of the precept itself. The corres?
pondence referred to is Admiral
Schley's letter suggesting the omission
of the navy department's expression
of opinion touching his alleged diso?
bedience of orders and the reply from
Acting Secretary Hackett declining to
make this modification.
Acting Secretary Hackett's letter to
Admiral Dewey is as follows:
Washington, Aug. 1, 1901.
Sir: I transmit herewith, for the
information of the court cf inquiry,
of which you are presider:, a letter,
dated the 27th ultimo, from Rear Ad?
miral Winfield fScott Schely, asking
that modification be made in paragraph
five of the precept convening the court,
together with a copy of the depart
? ment's reply.
F- W. Hackett,
Admiral George Dewey, TJ. S. N.,
Washington, D. C.
It is ven* rarely that a precept con?
vening a court of inquiry ts amended.
The department's action, it is stated,
while techniclly declining Admiral
Schley's suggestion, does, however,
in fact, amount to an amendment on
the lines pointed out by him. As in?
dicated in the letter to Admiral Dew?
ey, this correspondence will form part
of the record, and in fact, is a sup?
plement to the precept, and of as
much force as the original document.
The vacancy of the court caused by
Rear Admirai Kimberly's application
to be relived has not yet been filled. It
is believed that the department is com?
municating by wire and letter with
some of the retired rear admirals who
are regarded as eligible. It has no de?
sire to make public any declinations,
and it is understood that the name of
the person chosen will not be publish?
ed until he has finally accepted the as?
st ngment. It was suggested at the
navy department today that Admiral
Kimerly's action is not yet final.
Secretary Long, at his home in
Hingham, is within an hour or two's
run of Admiral Kimberly's home, at
West Newton, and the secretary may
take advantage of that fact to visit
the admiral personally and endeavor
to have him reconsider his decision.
Capt Parker, counsel for Admiral
Schley, 'continued his work, at the
navy department today in scanning
the "log books and other records bear?
ing upon the operation of the West
Indian fleet. He hopes to finish this
week. He is maintaining a close
silence of his discoveries, if he has
made any, and is evidently an object
of great interest to the naval officers
in the department, who watch him
very closely and use every precaution
to prevent the newspaper men from
coming in touch with him. The log
books are ponderous volumes, and are
watched with the most jealous care
at all times. In the present instance
a keen-eyed young lieutenant watches
the turning of every page of the
volumes to make sure there shall be no
alterations or excisions.
Washington, Aug. 1.-Rear Admiral
Kimberly will not be a member of the
Schley court of inquiry. His request
to be" relieved on the ground of ill
health has been granted by the navy
department and the department is now
considering the question of his suc?
cessor. It is, quite likely, that a
selection has alredy been made but
the official announcement will be with?
held until the officer selected has been
heard from. It is explained in connec?
tion with the acceptance of Admiral
Kimberly's request to be relieved that
this is the first time in 39 years that
this officer has requested the depart?
ment to relieve him of duty to which
he has been assigned.
Death of Dr. Henry B. Korlbeck.
Dr. Henry B. Horlbeck, health
officer of the City of Charleston, died
at his residence, corner of Coming
and Wentworth streets, at' 12.30
o'clock last night. While attending to
his duties as executive officer of the
board of health about two months ago
Dr. Horlbeck received a stroke of
paralysis. Although every device
known to science was appealed to and
his life was perhaps prolonged for a
space, it was scarcely more than exis?
tence, and all knew that the end was
not far away. For weeks Dr. Horl?
beck has been merely alive and with?
in the few days his death was almost
Dr. Horlbeck was one of the best
known scientists in this country. He
was a man of wonderful knowledge
and ability and he occupied the front
rank among the scientific men of
his age. He was an authority on yel?
low fever and sanitary affairs, and at
the annual meetings of the American
Public Health Association, of which
he was a former president, his ad?
dresses and papers were always receiv?
ed with profound interest by the lead?
ing scientists gathered from all parts
of the country. Dr. Horlbeck's prom?
inent stand in this association, which
is composed of representative health
authorities from all sections, made
him^ a distinguished and moving
spirit and his earnest labors were re?
warded at the Buffalo meeting in 1896,
when he was unanimously elected
president. Following the custom of
the association he served for one year.
His annual address, delivered at the
meeting in 1$97, was printed through?
out the country, and was recognized
as a remarkable effort, of a man
eminently qualified to deal with ques?
tions of importance to all mankind.
News and Courier, Aug. 2.
Wild Scenes in Tennessee Court.
Smith ville, Tejpv^^i-iug. 2.-The
first lynching in t^e history of Dekalb
county was recorded today when Char?
ley Davis, the man who"was charged
with assaulting Miss Kate Hues last
Sunday evening was taken from the
court house by a mob of about 2f> peo?
ple and hanged about a quarter of a
mile from town. The assault on Miss
Hues was committed last Sunday even?
ing and Davis' trial was being held
today. When the witness began to
give his testimony the friends and re?
latives of the girl arose to make for
For a time there was wild scenes
and the people were much excited.
The prisoner made an effort to escape
by jumping from the second story win?
dow of the court room. Several pis?
tol shots were fired in the confusion,
but Davis was capturedjbefore he could
The sheriff, one of his deputies and
a constable who were trying to prevent
the lynching, together with the father
of the defendant, were severely injur?
ed in a clash with the mob. The
wounded officers are Sheriff J. D.
Odum. Deputy Bob Odum and Con?
stable Maney Pass.
i WASHINGTON GOSSIP.
j Will McLaurin Have a Place in
the Democratic Caucus.
I Washington, July 31.-At an inform
j al conference of several Democratic
"Senators held in this city recently, it
was decided to ask the Democratic
caucus of next winter to refuse to
make committee provision for Senator
McLaurin. on the ground that he had
left the Democratic party. A certain
representation on committees is allow?
ed the minority party, the assignment
of senators to the several places being
made by the party caucus. "If a rea
assignmnt is made at the first session
of the Fifty-seventh Congress, as ex?
pected, the Democratic caucus will
have to determine whether McLaurin
is to be regarded as a Democrat. In
this way a national body of Democrats
will have an opportunity to pass upon
the South Carolina Senator's Demo?
cracy. The action of the Democratic
State Committee of South Carolina
in reading him out of the party will
not, however, furnish the only grounds
for a refusal of the Senate caucus to
recognize him. In addition to this,
and perhaps more to be considered,
is the fact that he refused to partici?
pate in the Democratic caucus last
winter, and the admitted fact that he
agrees with the Republicans in regard
to practically every question in dis?
pute between the two great parties.
Senator Benjamin R. Tillman^ of
South Carolina, who is in Washing?
ton for a few days before going on a
lecture tour in the West, says he does
not know whether the action of the
commmittee representing the demo?
cratic organization of the state will be
construed as putting McLaurin out of
the party for good and all or whether
it will be regarded as an expression
officially of the committee's opionion,
which may be indorsed or overruled
by the Democrats of the State at an
election. He assumes that McLaurin
may appeal from the committee to the
people by resigning from the senate
and making a canvass for reelection
as a Democrat, if he wants to do so.
It is expected that Senator McLaurin
will take notice of the action of the
state committee and will make a reply
declining to accede to the suggestion
that he should resign, setting forth
again his views and appealing to the
anti-populist element of the Demo?
cracy to stand by him. A notable
democratic rally is to be held in the
town of Union, early in August, one of
those midsummer political gatherings
customary in South Carolina, and the
politicians are looking for some inter?
esting developments then.
An interesting story, which certainly
appears to be authentic, is going the
rounds here on the authority of an
army officer stationed at the War
Department in this city. He says that
after the shooting of Wilkes Booth
near Frederick, Maryland, the body
was put into a boat under the imme?
diate supervision of Captain Brown,
now Rear Admiral Brown, retired, liv?
ing at Indianapolis, Ind., and carried
to the Washington navy yard, where,
still rolled in a blanket, the body was
placed in a yawl and carried to a
landing at the arsenal.
As the little boat came in shore a
young girl and two smaller ones stood
on the wharf, and as the body was
being lifted out the blanket fell away
from the dead man's face. The older
one recognized it as that of President
Lincoln's assassin. Captain Brown
asked if she had seen the face and if
she knew it, to which she responded
that she did. He asked her to say
nothing, as it would give her great
trouble should it be known that they
had Booth's body in charge.
Later, Commandant Benton, com?
mandant in charge of the arsenal re?
peated the warning not to tell. The
body then was carried to the old jail,
to a room in which ammunition was
stored. Then all the ammunition was
removed and under the direct supervi?
sion of Captain Brown and Command?
ant Benton, a grave was dug. At mid?
night and by a feeble light, with
Brown, Benton, Stanton, and two
or three other members of the Cabi?
net present the body of J. Wilkes
Booth was lowered into a deep grave.
The ammunition was replaced care?
fully above the new filled grave, the
door locked, and the key put into the
hands of Secretary Stanton.
There the body of the assassin rested
until removed-no one knows where
or when-by the Booth family.
The young girl religiously kept her
trust, and not until several years after,
when she married the army officer
who vouches for this story, did it pass
her lips. The discussion of the trial of
Mrs. Surratt now going on awakened
the story, and it is told for the first
Huge Cost of the War.
London, August 1.-In the house of
commons today Lord Stanley, the
financial secretary of the war office,
replying to a question, said the cost of
the war in South Africa from April 1
to July 31 was 35,750,000 pounds, par?
tially chargeable against the deficit of
last vear. The actual cost in July was
1,250",000 pounds weekly. The state?
ment was greeted with ironical Irish
The chancellor of the exchequer. Sir
Michael Hicks Beach, said if the war
continued at the same cost for the next
three months it would necessitate
spending the whole of the reserve he
had provided for financing the third
quarter, but he had reason to hope
that this would not be necessary.
Memphis, Tenn.. July 28.- -In a
duel with Winchester rifles tonight
n*-ar Forest Hill cemetery, Kdward
Blalock, son of M. F. B??lock. was
killed, tlie elder Kinlock was painful?
ly injured and George Wright was
shot in the leg. Wright's son, who
also Took part in the affray escaped
unhurt. A deputy coroner wt-nT to the
scene of the trouble to investigate the
j affair. Details are lacking as to the
j cause of the tragedy.
STRIKE NOT SETTLED.
! Representatives of Both Sides
Confer for Nine Hours.
Pittsburg, Pa, July 30.-Disappoint?
ment and apprehension pervades the
air of Pittsburg tonight because of
the failure of the executive board of
the Amalgamated association of iron,
steel and tin workers to ratify the
peace proposals arranged at the confer?
ence in New York last Saturday be?
tween the national officers of the
Amalgamated association and Messrs.
Morgan, Schwab and : Gary, repre?
senting the United Steel corporation.
When the conference opened this morn?
ing it was confidently expected that
the agreement would be reached in a
short time, but after a session lasting
from 9.30 a. m. until 6.30 p. m. the
meeting adjourned without arriving
at any conclusion so far as known, to
meet again tomorrow morning.
The protracted session indicates
that the board is not satisfied with
the provisions of the compromise meas?
ures, and unless some modifications
are made its ratifiction is doubtful.
The opening of union mills to non?
union workmen is a point on which it
is believed the board hesitates to ac?
cept, and the long distance telephone
bhtween New York and Pittsburg was
worked frequently today to get a modi?
fication of this clause. The work?
men hold that this would give the mill
owners fuH opportunity of crushing
the union without strike by finding
excuses to discharge union men and
then fill their places with non-union
ists. Another rock of dissension is
said to be the retention in their pres?
ent jobs of the men who worked as
"strike breakers" at the various mills
during the strike. It is said that these
men have been promised the protec?
tion of the manufacturers in case of a
settlement and that they will not con?
cede their dismissal at the request of
the organization. The workers, it
is said, are willing to declare the
mills now working non-union open
mills , but strenuously object to hav?
ing all the mills of the combine classi?
fied as open mills All is, however,
conjecture and it is impossible to get
any defiinite statement from any of
the parties interested concerning the
day's conference. When the board
dispersed at 6.30 every member was
waylaid by persistent newspaper men,
seeking information, but every ques?
tion was answered by the phrase: "We
can say nothing. There is absolutely
nothing to give to the public at this
Today the Strike May End.
Either Peace or War Will Follow
the Meeting Today.
Pittsburg, Pa., Aug. 2.-Judging
by indications that are practically
facts, peace or war in the steel
troubles will be announced from New
York city tomorrow. When the Amal?
gamated association executive board
adjourned this evening President Shaf?
fer announced that another meeting
would be held tomorow. There will
probably be a meeting here tomorrow
of a portion of the board, but the
national officers will be in New York.
They left for that city tonight on the
Pennsylvania limited at 10 o'clock.
The circumstances leading up to this
unexpected trip, while not officially
known, are evident enough to sub?
stantiate the story which follows :
"During the day many telegrams
were received at the Association con?
ference rooms, the last one coming just
before adjournment, and it was an?
swered promptly. This answer was in
all probability the announcement to
the New York people that the trip
would be made by the officials tonight
carrying out an arrangement entered
into at Very Preston's rooms in the
Hotel Henry, a short, time before.
At about 4.15 p. m. Messrs. Shaffer,
Williams and Chappelle went to Mr.
Preston's rooms and were closeted
with him for about thirty minutes.
The undestanding is that at this meet?
ing Mr. Preston made known the com?
bine's only concession in the matter of
reopening the wage conference where
it left off three weeks ago. This con?
cession was in the shape of a demand
that if a new conference] is granted it
must be specifically stated before?
hand what is expected to be accom?
plished, what ground is to be covered
and what companies are to partici?
pate, ' '
This brings the matter up to the
Amalgamated Association and the
mission of its high officials to New
York is doubtless to convince the steel
people here that a new conference is
essential to peace and an amicable
settlement of the strike troubles.
The conference today was a repeti?
tion of yesterday, the strictest kind of
secrecy being maintained as to the
happenings inside the room and the
progress being made had to be guess?
UNIFORMS FOR MILITIA.
At the State armory several consign?
ments of the quartremaster's supplies
issued to this State for its militia by
the federal governmnte, have arrived.
New uniforms, caps leggings, etc., are
in the lot. It is expected that
all of the supplies will be here in a
few days. The adjutant and inspector
general was yesterday going carefully
over last year's inspection reports pre?
paratory to issuing the new stuff ?to
the companies as rapidly as the work
can be done. In a few days the ship
! ments to the various companies who
I will get new uniforms this year wil
? be going out.- The State.
St. Louis, August 2. -News has just
reached here that Clarksville, Mo.,
I is burning lip. Ten business blocks
have been wiped out and the fire is
still spreading. Clarksville is 12 miles
from St. Louis on the Chicago, Bur
j lington and Quincy railroad.
M. C. Galluchat Cuts F. S. Ervin's
Planning, July 29.-A serious cut?
ting affray occurred on the streets here
this morning which came near result?
ing in the death of Mr. E. S. Ervin
a prominent citizen.
Mr. M. C. Galluchat, a local lawyer
and a member of the house of repr??
sentatives, did the cutting. The diffi?
culty grew out of a contention for the
possession of a town lot between Gal?
luchat and the widow of his late
brother. Joseph Galluchat. F. P.
and E. S. Ervin are brothers of Mrs.
Galluchat and are her agents in look?
ing after matters involving her money
and property. Some weeks ago Mr.
Galluchat and the Ervin brothers
had some difficulty about the same
property and the Ervins tore down
and threw in the street an old house
which Mr. Galluchat was attempting
to move on the property. Galluchat
indicted the Ervins criminally for en?
try upon property after notice and the
case was carried before a country mag
istrate upon his affidavit of request,
but a jury acquitted the Ervins. The
lot was supposed to be in possession of
the Ervins, as agents, when this
morning E. S. Ervin learned that
Galluchat was having some lumber
placed upon it, and went over, and or?
dered the servant off. Galluchat's
office is on the lot adjoining the prop?
erty, and he came out and a difficulty
ensued in which he cut a gash across
Ervin's throat from four to six inches
long and about a half inch deep,
which required immediate medical at?
tention, and Mr. Ervin was sent
home in a buggy. Perhaps all that
saved Mr. Ervin's jugular vein was
the fact that he is a stout man and
quite fat about the neck. The wound
is not considered necessarily fatal,
but was a very bad one. Ervin had
gone unarmed to the scene where the
difficulty occurred. F. P. Ervin is
north, fortunately perhaps, for had he
been home no doubt worse trouble
would have "resulted.
Mr. Ervin signed a warrant at his
residence this afternoon fer Galluchat,
who was arrested and gave bond.
A Queer Frontier Experience.
In narrating the frontier experi?
ences of "The First White Baby Born
in the Northwest," in The Ladies'
Home Journal for August, W. S. Har?
wood tells of queer experience that
befel the family in the first year after
settling on a farm far removed from
the settlements. "The winter had
been unusually long and severe, and
their store of provisions ran low. It
was a long distance to the nearest
base cf supplies, and communication
with the outside world had been cut
off. Indians in the neighborhood one
night broke into the granary where the
wheat was stored and sot?e a quantity.
In doing this a large amount of
broken glass became mixed with the
wheat which the Indians left, so for
many days, amidst much merry story?
telling and many a joke and laugh,
in spite of the serious situation, the
family gathered about a large table
in their living-room and spent the
short winter days picking over the
wheat, kernel by kernel, in order to
free it from the pieces of glass. For
this wheat stood between them and
starvation, and none of its precious
kernels must be lost. Their stock of
flour had long since wasted away, as
had most of their food supplies, so they
boiled and ate the wheat without
grinding. Relief reached them just in
time to prevent a sad ending to the
Dun's Review of Trade.
New York, Aug. 2.-R, G. Dun &
Co's, weekly review of trade will say :
Continued favorable weather condi?
tions have resulted in the saving of
much late planted corn, and in the
northwest ideal weather for spring
wheat harvest has been enjoyed. As
this is the point that business in all
parts of the country has been most
carefully watching, the general feeling
is better than a week ago, although
the disposition on both sides to settle
the steel strike has not yet resulted
in any agreement, and the labor situa?
tion is thus kept prominent.
Official returns of Tpig iron produc?
tion in the first half of the year show
a record-breaking aggregate of 7,674,
713 tons, exceeding the remarkable
output of the previous year by 32,044
The second half of 1901 has opened
with a much greater capacity of active
furnaces, and the full year promises a
considerably larger total than the 13,
769,242 tons" produced in 1900. During
the past week leadingarni 11s have plac?
ed large contracts for early delivery,
and inquiries for all forms of finished
steel are abundant. There is less dis?
position to pay fancy prices for pro?
ducts that were advanced by the strike,
which is an evidence of the general
belief of an early resumption of work.
An unfvorable showing for the first
half of the year in both exports and
output of copper resulted in the first
alteration in nominal prices since the
advance to 17 cents, eigh months ago.
Violent fluctations have marked the
course ofc orn prices. The top point
of the previous week was not regained,
but traders on the short side cf the
market were compelled to cover at a
loss. The decrease in marketing is
not in proportion to the advance in
price. Whatever benefit may have
accrued from the high level of prices
it certainly has driven foreign buyers
out of the market.
Dealers in some drought stricken
districts have countermanded orders
for footwear, and these cancellations
are felt mainly by western makers, but
as a whole the industry is in a healthy
position. Leather is quiet, shoe fac?
tories buying lightly owing to large
supplies taken recently. Liberal arri?
vals of hides tend to depress values.
Wool has at last risen slightly above the
lowest point in four years. The cot?
ton market awaits the government re?
port in a dull and weak position.
Failures in July were 097 in num?
ber against 793 last year, and S7,035,
933 in amount of liabilities, against
39,77e, 775 in 1900.
THE ANNUAL STATE FAIR.
Reasons Why the Approaching
Fair Should be a Great Success.
The authorities in charge of the
State Fair have issued the annual pre?
mium list, which is now being dis?
tributed in the State and elsewhere,
and the following announcement is
also made by the efficient secretary.
The 33d annual South Carolina
State Fair will be held in Columbia
from Monday, October 28th, to Fri?
day, November 1st, inclusive.,
Entries are absolutely free, except
where otherwise stated, and all pre?
miums regularly awarded will be paid
in full. No part' of the premium
money is retained by - the society on
any account or pretext whatever.
The management seeks to encourage
the exhibition of only such animals
and products as are really m?riterions
and are of utility and profit to the
people of the State. This is the one
great object of the Fair, and the so?
ciety is imbued with an ambition to
add a new zest and a new dignity to
agricultural and mechanical pursuits
and secure increased influence and
greater renumeration to those engaged
The premium list has been careful?
ly revised, and the society wishes to
call attention to the inducements offer?
ed that will certainly attra^; the best
exhibits that can be shown in every
The achievements of the State Agri?
cultural and Mechanical Society in
promoting the development of agricul?
ture and its allied industries have
never been fullyf appreciated by its
best friends ; its possibilities for fu?
ture usefulness in suggesting and dis?
seminating ideas that will material?
ize in improved crops, live-stock and
farm practice cannot be overestimated.
Not unmindful of the entertainment
of its patrons, the management is en?
deavoring to secure a number of new
and novel attractions that will both
instruct and; amuse. These will be
announced later. All immoral shows
and devices for gambling under any
form whatever will be excluded from
the grounds of the society ; and any
person caught violating any law of the
State by practicing any gambling game
or device will be immediately arrest?
Realizing how large a part of the
success of the past exhibitions has
been owing to the work of the fair
women of the State, the society earn?
estly requests exhibits in the several
The large attendance at the Fair
offers a splendid inducement to manu?
facturers to make elaborate displays
of their works. On all the leading
railroads of the State entering Colum?
bia low excursion rates will be given
during Fair week, thus extending
facilities for visiting the Fair to the
people of every quarter of the State.
Visitors to Columbia will find much
to entertain them besides the Fair,
Among the places of interest may be
mentioned: The State house, asylum,
penitentiary, cemetery, factories, col?
leges, graded schools, churches, etc.
Every effort is made by the city to
entertain their visitors, who are as?
sured that they will receive a cordial
reception and spend a pleasant time.
The Fair is conducted for the bene?
fit of the public at large, and their
moral support and active co-oppera
tion are requested in order to make
the 33d annual Fair the grandest in
the history of the Agricultural and
Thos. W. Holloway,
London, July 30.-The war office has
received the following dispatch from
Lord Kitchener: "Gen. F. W. Kitch?
ener, after a long chase of Ben Vil
joen's commando caught up with it.
A sharp fight ensued. We captured a
pompom and 22 wagons, and took 32
prisoners. The British had five
War in South America.
Washington, Aug. 2.-The political
situation in the neighboring repub?
lics of Venezuela and Colombia, in
South America, and the possibility of
war between these two States is- at?
tracting considerable attention in
diplomatic circles. Should war actual?
ly result the authorities in each coun?
try would not only have to deal with
their foreign enemies, but also with
their domestic foes, as each of the
countries now has what practically
amounts to a civil war on its hands.
Neither the Venezuelan "nor the
Colombian legation here has much
direct information which will throw
additional light apon the situation in
their respective countries, and the
cable reports are exceedingly conflict?
ing. The officials of the Colombian
legation are at a loss to understand
the report of President Castro's de?
claration of martial law on the ground
that his country is being invaded by
Colombia. The revolution headed by
Dr. Galviras, who crossed the Vene?
zuelan border from Colombia, where
he had taken refuge, is said to be ilk*
no sense an invasion by Colombians?
Dr. Galviras belonged to the party of
Andrade, who was overthrown;
by Castro, and it is stated in diplo?
matic circles that he is simply head?
ing a rebellion of Venezuelans against
the latter's authority. No definite
information has been received here re?
garding the whereabouts of Gen. Uribe,
who in his turn is heading a move?
ment against the present government
in Colombia, from the Venezuelan
Washington, Aug. 2.-A cablegram
has been received at the state depart?
ment from the United States consul at
Colon, stating that if the present re?
volutionary troubles in that section
become more aggravated the traffic
across the isthmus will surely become
interrupted. The United States gov?
ernment is bound by a treaty to keep
this traffic open to the world. No re?
quest for a warship to be sent to the
scene of the trouble has been made, j