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<2l)? tUrt?cl)iuan ano ??ontl)ton.
m SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850? "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established Jone li 6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER ll. 1901.
New Series-Toi. XXI. No. 6
BT AN ANARCHIST.
The President Was Seriously
Wounded at Reception at
ONE WOUND IN CHEST, ANOTHER IN AB?
DOMEN, PASSING THROUGH STOMACH.
Assassin Approached President in Line as if
to Shake Hands and Fired at Close Range.
SIEZED IMMEDIATELY BY OFFGERS-CONFESSES THAT CRIME WAS
PREMEDITATED-HE HAS NO REGRETS.
Buffalo, Sept. 6.-President McKin?
ley was shot and seriously wounded by
a would-be assassin while holding a
reception in the Temple of Music at
the Pan-American exposition a few
minutes after 4 o'clock this afternoon.
One shot took effect in the right
breast; the other in the abdomen.
The first is not of a serious nature,
and the bullet has been extracted.
The latter pierced the abdominal wall,
and has not been located. At 10:40 p.
m. the following bulletin by the at?
tending physicians was the only indi?
cation of the condition of the presi?
The president is rallying, and is
resting comfortably. At 10:15 p. m.,
temperature 100.4 degrees; pulse 124;
(Signed) P. M. Rixey,
M. B. Mann,
R. E. Parke,
(Countersigned) Geo B. Cortelyou,
Secretary to the President.
The president, though well guarded
by United States secret service detec?
tives, was fully exposed to such an at?
tack as occurred. He stood at the
edge of the raised dais upon which
stands the great pipe organ at the east
side of the magnificent structure.
Throngs of people crowded in, to gaze
upon their executive, perchance to
clasp his hand, and then fight their
way out in the good-natured mob that
every minute swelled and multiplied
at the points of ingress and egress to
the building. The president was in a
cheerful mood, and was enjoying to
the full the hearty evidences of good
will which everywhere met his gaze.
Upon his right stood John G. Mil?
burn, of Buffalo, president of the Pan
American exposition, chatting with
the president and introducing to him
especially persons of note who ap?
proached. Upon the president's left
stood Mr. Cortelyou.
It was shortly after 4 p. m. when
one of the throng which surrounded
the presidential party, z> medium size
man of ordinary appearance and plain?
ly dressed in black, approached as if
to greet the president. Both Secre?
tary Cortelyou and President Mil?
burn noticed that the man's hand
was swathed in a bandage of handker?
chief. Reports of bystanders differ as
to his hand. He worked his way amid
the stream of people up the edge of
the dias until he was within two feet
of the president.
Mr. McKinley smiled, bowed and
extended his hand in that spirit of
geniality the American people so well
know, when suddenly the sharp crack
of a revolver rang out loud and clear
above the hum of voices, the shuffling
of myraid feet and vibating waves of
applause that ever and anon swept
here and there over the assemblage.
There was an instant of almost com?
plete silence. The president stood
stock still, a look of hesitancy, almost
of bewilderment on his face. Thfn he
retreated a step while a pallor began
to steal over his features. The multi?
tude, only partially aware that some?
thing serious had happened, paused in
surprise, while necks were craned and
all eyes turned as one toward the ros?
trum, where a great tragedy was being
Then came a commotion. With the
leap of a tiger three men threw them?
selves forward as with one impulse
and sprang "oward the would-be assas?
sin. Two of them were United States
secret service men who were on the
lookout and whose duty it was to
I guard against just such a calamity as
had here befallen the president and
the nation. The third was a bystand?
er, a negro, who had only an instant
previously grasped in his dusky palm
the hand of the president. As one
man the trio hurled themselves upon
? the president's assassin. In a twink?
ling he was borne to the ground, his
weapon was wrested from his grasp
and strong arms pinioned him down.
Then the multitude which' thronged
the edifice began to come to a realiz?
ing sense of the awfulness of the scene
of which they had been unwilling wit?
After the first shock of the assas?
sin's shots, he retreated a step then
as the detectives leaped upon his as?
sailant he turned, walked steadily to a
chair and seated himself, at the same
time removing his hat and bowing his
head in his hands.
In an instant Secretary Cortelyou
and President Milburn were at his
side. His coat was hurriedly opened,
the president meanwhile admonishing"
those about him to remain calm and
telling them not to be alarmed.
"But you are wounded," cried his
secretary, ' ' let me examine. ' '
"No, I think not," answered the
president. 'I. am not badly hurt, I
Nevertheless his outer garments
were hastily loosened and when a
trickling stream of crimson was seen
to wind its way down his breast,
spreading its telltale stain over the
white surface of the linen their worst
fears were confirmed.
A force of expositions guards were on
the scene by this time and an effort was
made to clear the buildings. By this
time the crush was terrific. Specta?
tors crowded down the stairways from
the galleries, the crowd on the floor
surged toward the rostrum while
despite the strenuous efforts of police
and guards the throng without strug?
gled madly to obtain admission.
The president's assailant in the
meantime had been hustled to the rear
of the building by exposition guards
where he was held while the building
was cleared and later he was turned
over to Superintendent Bull, of the
Buffalo police department, who took
the prisoner to No. 13 police station
and afterward to police headquarters.
As soon as the crowd in the Temple
of Music had been dispersed sufficient?
ly the president was removed in the
automobile ambulance and taken to
the exposition hospital, where an
examination was made. The best
medical skill was summoned and
within a brief period several of Buffa?
lo's best known practitioners were at
the patient's side.
EXAMINING THE WOUND.
The president retained the full exer?
cise of his faculties until placed on
the operating table and subjected to
an anaesthetic. Upon the first exam?
ination it was ascertained that one
bullet had taken effect in the right
breast just below the nipple, causing
a comparatively harmless wound.
The other took effect in the abdo?
men, about four inches below the left
nipple, four inches to the left of the
navel and about on a level with it.
Upon arrival at the exposition hos?
pital the second bullet wound was
probed. The walls of the abdomen
were opened but the ball was not lo?
cated. The incision was hastily closed
and after a hasty consultation it was
decided to remove the patient to the
home of President Milburn. This
was done, the automobile ambulance
being used for the purpose. Arrived
at the Milburn residence all persons
outside the medical attendants, nurses
and the officials immediately concern?
ed, were excluded and the task of
probing for the bullet which had
lodged in the abdomen was begun by
Dr. Roswell Parke. When the news
of the crime was telephoned to the
home of President Milburn where Mrs.
McKinley was resting immediate steps
were taken to spare her the shock of
a premature statement of the occur?
rence before the true condition of the
president could be ascertained.
Guards were stationed and no one was
permitted to approach the house.
Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 6.-Secretary
Cortelyou tonight gave out the follow?
The following bulletin was issued by
the physicians at 7 p. m. :
"The president was shot about 4
o'clock one bullet struck him on the
upper portion of the breast bone,
glancing and not penetrating; the
second bullet penetrated the abdomen
five inches below the left nipple and
one and a half inches to the left of
median line. The abdomen was open?
ed through the line of the bullet
wound. It was found that the bullet
had penetrated the stomach. The
opening in the front wall of the stom?
ach was carefluly closed with silk
stitches, after which a search was
made for a hole in the back wall of
the stomach. This was found and also
closed in the same way. The further
course of the bullet could not be dis?
covered although careful search was
made. The abdominal wound was
closed without drainage.
No injury to the intestines or other
abdominal organ was discovered. The
patient stood the operation |vell, pulse
of good quality, rate of 130, condition
at the conclusion of foperation was
gratifying. The result cannot be fore?
told. His condition at present justifies
hope of recovery. *'
(Signed) George B. Cortelyou,
Secretary to^the President.
THE ASSASSIN CONFESSES.
Buffalo, Sept. 6.-Leon Czologoz.
the would-be assassin has signed a
confession covering six pages of fools?
cap, which states that he is an
anarchist and that he became an
enthusiastic member of that body
through the inuflence of Emma Gold?
man, whose writings he had read and
whose lectures he had read and whose
lectures he had listened to. He denies
having any confederate and says he
decided on the act three days ago and
bought the revolver with which the
act was committed in Buffalo. He
has seven brothers and sisters in
Cleveland and the Cleveland directory
has the names of about that number
living on Hosmer street and Ackland
avenue, which adjoin. Some of them
are butchers and others in different
trades. He is now detained at police
I headquarters pending the result of the
president's injuries. Czologoz does
not appear in the least degree uneasy
or penitent for his action. He says he
was induced by his attention to Emma
Goldman's lectures and writings to de?
cide that the present form of govern?
ment in this country was all wrong
and he thought the best way to end it
was by killing the president. He
shows no sign of insanity, but is very
reticent about much of his career.
"While acknowledging himself an anar?
chist he does not state to what branch
of the organization he belongs.
The Russian Telephone Line.
Discussions and stories of a linguist?
ic character have a peculiar charm for
Mr. Opie Reid. Recently he was sur?
rounded by a group of newspaper
men. One of these confessed that he
had lately taken up the study of the
Russian tongue, with very discourag?
ing results, considering the fact that
French, Spanish and Italian had been
comparatively easy for him.
"Oh ! that's not strange," consoling?
ly remarked the story writer: "the
Chicago Telephone company had a
worse experience than that with the
terror of the Slav tongue. A druggist
in the heart of the Russian colony re?
cently had a telephone instrument in?
stalled in his place for the accommo?
dation o? his patrons. Thc minute
thc first user of the "phone began to
talk Russian into tlc reciever the wire
kinked into small knots like a tensely
twisted string. They couldn't do a
thing to inert the emergency until
one of the telephone linemen, who
had once attempted to do missionary
work in a Rusisan settlement in Min?
nesota, replaced the smooth insulated
copper strand with the ordinary bari)
wire. That jagged medium proved a
perfect means of transmission for
Russian speech." Saturday Evening
Pekin. Sept. 5. - Li Hung Chang
tonight notified the foreign ministers
that the imperial edicts providing for
the signing of the peace protocol had
arrived. This announcement made
immediately after the settlement of
the difficulties which Prince Ching
experienced before jroin^ to Berlin, :
confirmed the impression that the j
Chinese used the protocol to induce
Emperor Wililam to waive the kowtow
The Death of W. S. Mowry, Form?
erly of Charleston.
The Greenville News yesterday print?
ed the following notice abont the
death of Mr. W. S. Mowry, a former
resident of Charleston and the step?
father of Senator McLanrin :
"W. S. Mowry, of Eaglewood, N.
J., died on Sunday morning. He is
the step-father of Senator McLaurin,
and his death had been hourly expect?
ed for two weeks. Senator McLaurin's
mother is a daughter of Col. T. C.
Weatherly and married Mr. P. B. Mc?
Laurin, who died in 1864, leaving
three children, of whom the Senator
was the eldest. In 1867 Mrs. McLau?
rin married Mr. W. S. Mowry, then
of Charleston. In 1873 Mr. Mowry
moved North and became a member of
the Stock and Cotton Exchange. The
very large fortune which he had made
in Charleston, under his skillful
management, rapidly increased and
is now estimated at five or six million
dollars. There are five children by
the second marriage, three boys and
two girls. The Senator, by reason of
attending the Anderson meeting,
could not get back in time for the
funeral. ' '
The Anderson Coup-D'Etat.
The McLaurin newspapers are mak?
ing merry over the sudden appearance
of their chief at the political meeting
in Anderson, and they are represent?
ing his going there as a complete rout
of the opposition, which is always a
very good story until the other side is
heard from. It was known here very
early on Friday morning that the
junior Senator was flying across the
country to make the connection at
Seneca, where a special train was in
waiting to convey him to the expected
scene of his triumph over all opposi?
tion, and it was also known that the
faithful followers of "Commercial
Democracy" throughout the region
round about had been notified and
were expected to greet their chieftain
with rousing cheers on his arrival at
Anderson. How this program was
carried out is told by an eye-witness,
who writes as follows to the Spartan
burg Journal :
Humiliated beyond endurance by
the absence of their leader and con?
scious of the great damage that was
being done their cause by the speech?
es of those who have been addressing
the political summer school, some of
McLaurin's lieutenants wired the Sen?
ator that he must appear at Anderson
today without fail, and he did. He
was advised that Tillman was disa?
bled by his eye and that he need have
no fear on that account. Latimers at?
tacks on him were proving damaging
to him and they wished him to be at
Latimer's home county to anwser him.
Delegations were organized at Pel
zer, Honea Path, Belton and other
points to be on hand to whoop it up
for the commercial statesman and were
taken to Anderson. The Senator ar?
rived on a special train from Seneca
at about two o'clock, and shortly
afterwards began speaking. In view
of his letters in answer to the invita?
tions he had received with the other
speakers that he would not attend
and did not care to make any more
engagements for the future, his retrun
to the State to attend this meeting
was something of a surprise, and goes
to show that his supporters are
alarmed at the strong sentiment
against him manifested at Spartan
burg, Greenville and Walhalla.
The claims made by his supporters
that he captured the meeting here to?
day are the veriest moonshine. He
captured the part of the crowd who
were already captured, but the bulk of
the crowd take no stock in his doc?
trines, and this county will go against
him two to one. It was very apparent
that there was an organized effort by
a small part of the crowd to make an
excessive demonstration in order to
offset the effect of the other meetings
held this week."-Greenville News.
Dr. Kilgo and Methodism.
From the Oxford, N. C., Ledger.
As to Dr. Kilgo being run out of the
State, we believe that he is forcing
himself out as fast as time can roll and
the quicker it rolls the better it will
be for North Carolina Methodism.
Now we are not going to discuss the
Gattis-Kilgo affair at all. neither are
we making an attack on Dr. Kilgo. We
recognize the fact that he is a man of
ability and courage-more courage at
times than judgment. He is too vin?
dictive and delights too much in vent?
ing his spleen at those who opppose
him. Ile has too much of personal
animosity towards his enemies and is
too much lacking in conservatism to
be at the head of so great a College as
Trinity. He is a "constitutional
wrangler:" would rather fight than
not. Sometimes when he is in the
ri^rht lie injures himself by his injudi?
cious attacks. Being a Methodist in
belief ourselves we believe we llave a
right to say that Dr. Kilgo lias caused
more friction and strife in the Metho?
dist Church of this State than any
other man who has lived in North
Carolina. Not only this, but his
course is doing injury to the cause of
Methodism. Can the Church afford
to allow this to continue?
Kingstree, September 4. -Between 1
and '2 o'clock Wednesday, afternoon,
while the relief operator, Mr. P. Pear?
son, was at dinner the door of the
ticket office at the Atlantic Coast
Line depot was broken open and about
stolen from the cash drawer.
Philadelphia, Pa., September 4.
The executive committee of the Na?
tional Manufacturers' Association, in
session here today, voted to recom?
mend to the Administration at Wash
intgon to transport a party of Cuban
merchants to the Charleston Exposi?
tion, just as Cuban teachers were
taken to Harvard and other places.
CASHIER $5,000 SHORT.
Why Timmonsville Cashier Dis?
Special to The State.
Timmonsville, Sept. 4.-The sudden
disappearance of Mr. .Frank C. Lech?
ner, cashier of the Bank of Simmons?
ville ?3 no longer a myster;. When
the cashier first disappeared ii was
hoped that a satisfactory explanation
would be forthcoming, one that would
not involve his integrity, bnt an exam?
ination of the bank's books dispels
The directors have' been busily en?
gaged in this work, and although
they have only fairly begun, it is
ascertained that the cashier is short
some $5,000. What a thorough search
will reveal no one can foresay. It is
feared that a much more serious short?
age will be found. As the examina?
tion goes on it develops that Mr. Lech
ner's private affairs are in a very bad
condition and he has probably wor?
ried over them for- sometime. His
business plans did not mature and he
Mr. Lechner was bonded by a secur?
ity company to the amount of $10,000.
The president of the bank, Mr.
John McSween, and the directors an?
nounce that no patron of the bank
will suffer and that the standing of the
bank will not be impaired. A repre?
sentative of the surety company will be
The action of Mr. Lechner is a great
shock to the numerous friends that
he had in the State.
Oh, teachers, dear, you are request?
ed to perceive that this vertical writ?
ing is all tommy-rot.
This is the remark Prof. Coler, of
the Concord, N. C., graded school, is
reported to have addressed to the au?
dience of teachers at a summer school
after two others had wrestled with
him to exhaustion and used up pounds
of chalk in an effort to convince him
that vertical writing is the real thing.
We are not sure about the exact mean?
ing of tommy-rot, but if it means a
fake that has caught whole communi?
ties of people, we heartily agree with
him. At one time we were favorably
enough impressed with it to think it
deserved a trial; now we think we
ought to have known better at the
first. It is unnatural. There are a
few persons who naturally write left
handed, and so it seems easy for a few
persons to learn to write a compara?
tively vertical hand quite rapidly, but
tbese are exceptions, and they would
doubtless be exceptions in any style of
writing. As a rule, however, the
writer will slant his letters, as natu?
rally as a man leans forward when he
For the first few months, vertical
writing seems to be the very thing,
and up to about the end of the first
year the child writes better than in
the slant system, but there it reaches
just about the zenith of its proficiency.
The resons are plain. At first every
stroke is made so slowly that the for?
ward motion does not affect the direc?
tion of the pen, and it is easier for
the child to make vertical lines nearly
parallel, until it has some practice,
but when it has acquired sufficient use
of the pen to enable it to move with?
out dwelling studiously on every part
of every letter, natural movement
takes the place of studied strokes,
the lines will incline to slant with for?
ward, movement, the practiced hand
learns to measure off equal angles
without a thought, and the writing
will be at its best when all lines are al?
lowed to take a natural slant forward.
If there is an effort to hold the pupil
to the vertical lines there is sure to
be a very unattractive mixture of the
studied vertical lines and the natural
slant lines. Whenever the child begins
to write for a purpose other than that
of learning to write, he is going to
slant one way or the other, and the
chances are more than ten to one that
the child that has been taught to
write vertically will then incline his
letters in all directions and his writ?
ing will resemble a brier patch after
it has been visited by a cyclone.
Another reason why vertical writing
is at its best with beginners is that
the letters are more like the printed
letters, both in angle and shape.
There is a temptation to teachers to
adopt the style of writing that will
tell most in immediate results, and
this pleases the parents also, who like
to see their little tots write legibly in
a short time.
The vertical fad is very injurious to
the cause of penmanship and we
should rejoice to see it wiped off the
face of the earth. We have been pay?
ing some definite attention to pupils
taught in this system, and we have
seen no good results. We know none
of them that writes a neat vertical
hand with a speed that can be tole?
rated in business.
"Oh, teachers, dear. ** if you have
not adopted vertical writing don't do
it. If you have, follow the example
of Xew York city and abandon it, and
the sooner you do so the less injustice
yon will do to your pupils.- Chester
An Innocent Man Pardoned.
Governor McSweeney has granted a
pardon which is somewhat remarkable:
For six years James Barnett has been
serving a sentence for a crime which
it appears he never committed. He
was convicted of arson and sentenced
to sixteen years imprisonment, and
has served six years of that time, and
now for the first time, comes informa?
tion from responsible ^parties that he
ought never to have been convicted.
Berlin, September 4.-The comman?
der of the German fleet manouevering
in the Baltic telegraphed today from
Sassnitz, Island of Eugen, that the
third-class cruiser Wacht has been
sunk off Arkona, after having been in
collision with the battle ship Sachsen.
It is not known whether there was
any loss of life.
GIGANTIC COMBINE OF
BITUMINOUS COAL MINES.
The Great Trust Has Been Form?
ing for Some Time.
Pittsburg, Sept. 3.-The Post to?
morrow will say :
"All the bituminous coal mining
companies of Pennsylvania, Ohio, In?
diana, Illinois, West Virginia and
Kentucky are to be consolidated into
one great corporation by the J. P.
The enormous proportions of this
corporation can hardly be realized.
The fact that the Pittbsuryg Coal
company, with its capital of $64,000,
000, and the Monongahela River Con?
solidated Coal and Coke company,
with its capital of $30,000,000, are to
be included in the greater consolida?
tion brings the matter strongly before
Pittsburg coal operators. These two
corporations practically control all the
output in the Pittsburg district and
extend their operations well down to?
ward West Virginia in two directions.
Officers of these companies are ex?
pected to attend a meeting of the coal
operators in New York on Thursday
of next week at which the preliminary
steps toward the formation of the
great combine will be taken.
Other interests that will be repre?
sented from the Pennsylvania fields
will be from the Berwind-White com?
pany, the newer Fairmont company
and a number of smaller corporations
of this kind. Still other interests to
be represented will be from Ohio, In?
diana, Illinois, Kentucky and West
Virignia where daring the past few
months, movements have been on foot
for the consolidation of the coal inter?
est of those states into state corpora?
tions for those particular fields. The
railroads are also taking a keen inter?
est in the project and owing* to the
Morgan interests predominating in
that field, the consolidation is looked
upon as being unusually strong. The
Pennsylvania Railroad company, the
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad company
and western roads all under the Mor?
gan influence are associated, it is said,
in the great movement which promises
to rival in its importance the recent
organization of the United States Steel
Corporation. The plans for the con?
solidation have been going on quietly
for some months. The plan of action
is said to have been to first get the
minor corporations of one state and
the individual operations into one
company basis. When this had been
accomplished the intention was to
group all the companies and control
them by a parent corporation as a
stock owning company only.
"The combination of the Ohio fields
is said to be brought into fairly good
shape. The Indiana fields and those
in Illinios are also in form to move as
the corporation plans there have
brought the individual Companies to?
gether. The West Virgniia fields are
perhaps the most difficult to handle
owing to their location and varied
ownerships. It is said that the pro?
moters have practically abandoned the
plan of including the Pocahontas field
in the general plan for the greater
tiust. Mr. Bacon, one of the active
partners of Mr. Morgan, has been
spending several weeks in West Vir?
ginia during the past summer and
early last spring, getting options on
much local property and included in
this was much undeveloped coal land
in that state. The total holdings in
that state are said to be very large
and aside from the Pocahntas fields
and that portion in the Flat Top re?
gion embrace about all available
lands and much that will be held in
reserve for years. The completion of
this great projcet will mean the consol?
idation of from $200,000,000 to $300,
000,000 of invested capital. This will
represent not only the undeveloped
properties in the six states, but also
the actual coal properties under devel?
opment. There are millions of acres
of coal lands that the greater trust
will hold in reserve for fature use
while its present working properties
will be sufficient fer a vast increase in
the development of the coal trade not
only in this country, but in the South
American companies and in Europe.
The plans are said to include a gene
ral distribution of the coal from the
best suited fields to the market nearest
Fight With an Eagle.
Charleston. Sept. 3.-A large Amer?
ican eagle which was captured near
here after it had whipped a catamount
was brought to Charleston and placed
in a cage, from which it had to be
removed today. The owner adver?
tised for a brave man, willing to over?
power the bird without weapons. H.
J. Welch, a piano tuner, agreed to
undertake the job, and a crowd sur?
rounded the building to watch the
Welch first endeavored to throw a
sack over the eagle's head, but thi&
failed and the eagle showed sign <oJ?
fight. The door was quickly opened,
and Welch rushed in. He seized the
eagle by the legs, but it gave a swift
lunge toward the door, passing out and
dragging the would-be captor.
Welch was dragged twenty feet,
when the eagle turned and a desperate
fight followed. The piano tuner was;
iretting the rough end of the conflict,
but by-standers interfered ana
the eagle was crippled and shoved into
another cage. Welch was bruised and
scratched, but otherwise was not in?
Washington, D. C., September 4.
Admiral Sch ley has made a request of
the navy department that a number of
witnesses, which he expects to call be?
fore the Court of Inquiry, be brought
to Washington at this time, in order
to permit of conference between them
and counsel. In response to this re?
quest Acting Secretary Hackett todav
advised the Admiral that if he will
furnish a list of those he desired to
come they will be brought here as
rapidly as circumstances permit.