FUE su SITER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850. "3e .lust and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SODTHRON, Established Jone UG6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER, 25. 1901. _New Series-Yoi. XXI. No. 8
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New York Medical Journal's Ac?
count of the Operation on the
The New York Medical Journal, in
its issue last week, printed the follow?
ing account of the operation upon
President McKinely following his
shooting at Buffalo last Friday. This
report is furnished by a Buffalo physi?
cian, who was present at the opera?
tion. Beginning with the arrival of
the President at the hospital the ac?
count says :
The hospital internes removed the
President's clothing, ascertained the
location of the wounds and made ready
for the surgeons, who had been sum?
moned by telephone. Dr. Edward G.
Mann administered one-fourth of a grain
of morphine hypodermically, which
served a good purpose in alleviating
nerve strain. Dr. X. W. "Wilson, sani?
tary officer of the Exposition, was
at a remote part of the grounds, mak?
ing an inspection, when he was
notified by one of the guards of the
injury to the President. Dr. Wilson
proceeded to the hospital, and, by vir?
tue of his office, assumed control pend?
ing the arrival of the surgeons. This
was at 4.35 p. m. The first to arrive
was Dr. Herman Mynter, who brought
with him Dr. Eugene Wasdin, of the
marine hospital service. Dr. Mynter
saw the serious nature of the" wound,
informed the President that the opera?
tion was necessary and set about the
Dr. Wilson, the internes and the
nurses were all actively at work
furthering the preparations, when Dr.
Matthew D. Mann, professor of ob?
stetrics and gynaecology in the medi?
cal department, University of Buffalo,
arrived at the hospital, which was a
few minutes after 5 o'clock. In five
minutes more Dr. John Parmenter,
professor of anatomy and clinical sur?
gery in the institution above mention?
ed, came into the hospital. In ten
minutes more Dr. Mann had made
himself ready and by common consent
of the surgeons, together with the ap?
proval of the President and his ad?
visers, proceeded with the operation.
At Dr. Mann's request Dr. Wasdin
assumed charge of the anesthetic and
began the administration of ether at
5.2?-one hour and 15 minutes after
the wound was inflicted. Dr. Wilson
was aske? to keep the record. Dr.
Mynter to stand opposite the operator
as first assistant, and Dr. Parmenter
to stand next to Dr. Mann as consul?
tant and assistant. Dr. E. W. Lee,
of St. Louis, a visitor to the Exposi?
tion, who came to the hospital before
the other surgeons arrived, was asked
by Dr. Mann to stand next to Dr.
Mynter as an additional assistant.
Dr. P. M. Eixey, who was summoned
from the Milburn home, whither he
went in company with Mrs. McKinley,
arrived just as the operation began.
Dr. Roswell Park had gone to Niagara
Falls, and a special train to bring him
to Buffalo was ordered. It should be
mentioned that the first or uppermost
shot went through the President's
clothing and made an abrasion about
the centre of the sternum. The bul?
let was found inside the waistcoat and
did no essential harm. The clothing
was burned by the explosion of the
powder at this point.
The President took the ether kindly
and was well under its influence with?
in the next ten minutes. The abdo?
men having been aseptically prepared,
an incision three inches long was made
perpendicular to the body, and includ?
ing the opening made by the ball--a
32-calibre-that was located four
inches below the left nipple and an
inch and a half to the left of the
median line. The incision went
through a deep layer of fat before the
peritoneum was reached, hence the in?
cision was enlarged another inch. A
piece of cloth-probably a bit of un?
dershirt-was found in the track of
the missile. It looked as if it had
been "punched out'' by the bullet.
Upon opening the peritoneum a bullet
hole was discovered in the anterior
central portion of the stomach. This
viscus was drawn up into the opera?
tion wound, and the perforation after
examination was closed with a double
row of silk sutures. A little oozing of j
the stomach contents had occurred
through the opening-all of which J
was wiped away. A further enlarge?
ment of the incision now became nee- j
essary, in order to examine the dorsam
of the stomach, upon which another
opening was found. This was sutured
in manner like unto the first, and the
sluggish hands of the clock marked
o'. 12. The intestines were examined
for possible wounds, but happily none
were found, and these were wrapped in
moist, hot towels. A previous hypo?
dermic injection had been made, and
now twenty-five minims of brandy
were similarly administered. A fur?
ther search for the missile failed to
discover, it, but it become apparent
that it had done no other vital dam?
age, with the strong probability that
it lost itself in the thick lumbar mus?
Dr. Roswell Park arrived about this
time-6.25-and joned the staff as con?
sultant. The abdominal cavity was
flushed with normal salt solution and
the closure began. Seven deep silk
worm gut sutures were employed, and
catgut was placed superficially be
tween them. At about C. 50 the anes?
thetic was discontinued, and the ab?
dominal bandage was applied. Thus
the operation on which so much of
moment depended was finished. The
President's pulse was now 122, repsira
Women anil B?ren Crushed.
Terrible Rush and Vast Throng at
the Capitol Yesterday.
Washington, Sept. 17.-The opening
of the doors of the rotunda of the
capitol in order to permit of an inspec?
tion of the remains of President Mc?
Kinley caused a rush of the vast
throng that had been congregating on
the east side of the building since
early morning. The result was that
many women and children were badly
hurt. The crowd brushed by the police
cordon stationed at the foot of the
steps as if they had been chaff. A
terrible congestion on the capitol steps
and at the entrance door followed. At
the latter point there was such ex?
treme pressure that numbers of women
fainted. Many who thus became help?
less were lifted up bodily and carried
out over the heads of the crowd, but
others, less fortunate, were trampled
under foot and seriously bruised. Of
the latter 12 or 15 were taken into
the capitol. The room immediately
under the rotunda where the presi?
dent's remains lay was a temporary
hospital, filled with screaming women,
lying prone upon improvised couches.
?ne of them had an arm broken and
another had suffered internal injuries
which caused excruciating pain. The
office of the captain of police also was
used to accommodate the injured as
were several other places about the
building. Indeed, the rotunda itself
was used to that end by some of the
less badly injured and by many who
had their clothing torn, as hundreds
had had. It is estimated that no
fewer than 50 women and children
were injured to some extent, but most
of them were able to go to their homes.
A few were taken to the emergency
The crush at the east front of the
capitol began at 11:30 o'clock. A
squad of representatives of the several
veteran organizations had just left the
parade and marched toward the capi?
tol immediately after the casket had
been borne into the rotunda. This
started a slight movement in front of
the crowd. Several persons fran,
others followed and a wedge-shaped
mass, point foremost, was soon going
with considerable momentnm. Five
mounted orderlies were caught in the
rush. One policeman was pushed
through a window. Another police?
man was forced up five steps on his
horse. Of the injured, 32 were treat?
ed at the hospitals and removed to
their homes in the police wagons. In
addition 25 were sent home in private
carriages. Forty were treated at the
casualty hospital. Most of those treat?
ed were suffering from fainting spells,
but a considerable number were tramp?
ed on and badly hurt. No one was
The Dead President at Danton.
Taken to His Home for Interment.
The City Overcrowded With
Special to the Daily Item.
Canton, Ohio, Sept. 18.-The fun?
eral train from Washington arrived a
The city is overcrowded and the
militia had to be called upon to aid
the police in kepeing back the crowds
at the depot.
The body of the president was taken
to the Court House shortly after noon
to lie in state., The entire route
from Washintgon was lined with mill
men and other working people, al?
though the train passed during the
night. Hundreds of women were seen
on their knees praying as the train
Special trains are arriving hourly
and the crowd in the city will be im?
President McKinley's old regiment
will occupy a conspicuous place in the
Mrs. McKinley stood the trip well
and is much stronger than her physi?
Funeral of President at Canton.
Canton, Ohio, Sept. 19.-A mist
hangs over the city, and this condition
of the weather but adds to the general
gloom that pervades Canton today.
Thirty special trains have arrived
bringing civic, military, fraternal,
social and commercial organizations
that come to pay the last tribute to the
nation's dead chieftain. The crowd
is immense, no gathering of people
in this city ever approximating the
present one. The funeral cortege had
been formed at noon and the line of
march was taken up. The funeral
services were very simple.
Mrs. McKinley is prostrated and was
unable to take part in the ceremonies
of the day.
London, Sept. 19.-The ceremonies
in conection with the national com?
memoration of the ono thousandth an?
niversary of the death of King Alfred
the Great began in Winchetser yester?
day with a lecture on the life of the
king by Fredecriek Harrison and a
reading from Tennyson's ''Becket"
by Sir Henry Irving. There was a
large attendance of visitors from all
parts of the United Kingdom. Lani
i bert Tree presented to the mayor of
Winchester the University of Yir
; ginia's acceptance of the invitation to
be associated with the commemora?
tion. It is beautifully engrosed on
parchment and in a metallic cast.
Pekin, Sopt. 17.-The Chinese troops
reentered Pekin today. The American
and Japanese simultaneously handed
over the Forbidden City to the Chi?
THE ASSASSIN ARRAIGNED.
Grand Jury Finds "True Bil!"
Against Him-Murder in the
Buffalo, Sept. 16.-Leon F. Czolgosz,
alias Fred Nieman, was indicted today
by the county court grand jury for
the crime of murder in the first degree,
in fatally shooting President William
McKinley at the temple of music in
the Pan-American exposition grounds
at 4:15 o'clock on the afternooon of
When arraigned before Judge Ed?
ward K. Emery, in the county court,
the prisoner stubbornly refused to an?
swer questions repeatedly asked him by
district Attorney Penny as to whether
he had counsel or wanted counsel.
The district'attorney then suggested
that, inasmuch as the defendant refus?
ed to answer, counsel should be assign?
Judge Emery assigned Hon. Loran
L. Lewis and Hon. Robert C. Titus,
formerly supreme court justices of
this city, whose names had been sug?
gested by the Erie county bar associa?
tion. District Attorney Penny pre?
sented the evidence in the murder
case to the grand jury.
Aside from the surgeons and physi?
cians in the case, no witnesses were
sworn other than those who were in
the temple of music and witnessed the
shooting. The complete list of wit?
nesses in the order in which they ap?
peared to testify is as follows :
Dr. Herman Mynter, Dr. H. R.
Gaylord, Dr. H. G. Matzinger, Dr.
M. D. Mann, Secret Service Detective
Gallagher, Attorney James L. Quack
enbush, Attorney Lewis L. Babcock,
Harry Henshaw, Capt. Darner and
Patrolman Mrekle, of the exposi?
tion guards : Corporal Louis Bertschey
and privt'sXeff O'Brien, Dennenbaugh
and James of the Seventh coast artil?
lery ; A. C. Knapp, Mrs. Vanderburg
Davis, Capt. Vallely, chief of the
exposition detectives: Superintendent
Bull and Assistant Superintendent
P. V. Cusack of the local police de?
partment: Fred Leighter, Charles J.
Close, exposition guards Westenfelder
and James, and Detectives Geary and
Solomon, of this city.
Buffalo, Sept. 17.-LeonF. Czolgosz,
the assassin of President McKinley,
was arraigned before Judge Edward K.
Emery in the county court at 3 o'clock
this afternoon on the indictment of
murder in the first degree in. fatally
shooting the president on September 6.
Again the stubborn prisoner refused to
utter a word or sound, and the Hon,
Loran L. Lewis, ex-supreme court
justice, entered a plea of not guilty.
The accused will be tried in the su?
preme court next Monday morning,
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S POLICY.
Practically the Same as the Plans
of Mr. McKinley.
Buffalo, Sept. 16.-President Roose?
velt has outlined in some detail the
policy he will follow during his incum?
bency of office. It will be remembered
that when he took the oath of office he
stated with much definiteness :
"It shall be my aim to continue ab?
solutely unbroken the policy of Presi?
dent McKinley for the peace (and he
emphasized that word) prosperity and
honor of the country."
Yesterday the president gathered to?
gether some personal friends in Buffalo
and those members of the cabinet who
were here and gave to them such ideas
as he had already formulated for the
i conduct of public affairs and his own
policy. In no sense are they diver?
gent from what has been understood
as Mr. McKinley's policy. The policy
as outlined to his friends at yesterday's
conference will be for a more liberal
and extensive reciprocity in the pur?
chase and sale of commodities, so that
the overproduction cf this country can
be satisfactorily disposed of by fair
and equitable arrangements with
foreign countries. The abolition en?
tirely of commercial war with other
countries and the adoption of recipro?
The abolition of such tariffs on for?
eign goods as are no longer needed for
revenue, if such abolition can be- had
without harm to our industries and
Direct commercial lines should be
established between the eastern coast
of the United States and the ports in
South America and the Pacific coast
ports of Mexico, Central America and
The encouraging of the merchant
marine and the building of ships which
will carry the American flag and be
owned and controlled by Americans
and American capital.
The buildnig and completion as soon
as possible of the Isthmian canal so as
to give direct water communication
with the coasts of Central America,
South America and Mexico.
The construction of a cable owned
by the government connecting our
! mainland with our foreign possessions,
notably Hawaii and tch Philippines.
The use of conciliatory methods of
arbitration in all disputes with for?
eign nations so as to avoid armed
The protection of the savings of the
people in* banks and in oilier forms of
investments by the preservation of the
commercial properity of the country
and the placing in positions of trust
men of only the highest integrity.
Schiey Court of Inquiry.
Washington, Sept. 19.-With the ex?
pectation that the Schiey court of in
quiry will resume its sesssions at ll
o'clock tomorrow, Messrs. Wilson and
Kayner were busy at Admiral Schley's
headquarters today, preparing to take
up their duties as counsel in behalf of
Admiral Schiey. Admiral Dewey, who
is at Canton with the funeral party,
will be in Washington tomorrow morn?
ing in time to call the court at the
Mi!. CLEVELAND'S EULOGY.
The Ex-President Pays High Trib?
ute to the Virtues of President
Princeton, N. J., September 19.
All formal exercises at Princeton Uni?
versity were suspended today, and at
ll o'clock memorial exercises were
held in Alexander Hall. President
Patton introduced Mr. Cleveland, who
was visibly affected, and with tears in
his eyes, eulogized the dead President.
Mr. Cleveland said, in part :
"Today the grave closes over the
man that had been chosen by the peo?
ple of the United States to represent
their sovereignty, to protect and de?
fend their Constitution, to faithfully
execate the laws made for their wel?
fare, and to safely uphold the integrity
of the Republic.
"He passes from the public sight,
not bearing the wreaths and garlands
of his countrymen's approving ac?
claim, but amid the sobs and tears of
a mourning nation. The whole nation
loved their President. His kindly dis?
position and affectionate traits, his
amiable consideration for all around
him, will long be in the hearts of his
countrymen. He loved them in return
with such patriotism and unselfishness
that in this hour of their grief and
humiliation he would say to them, 'It
is God's will, I am content. If there
is a lesson in my life or death, let it
be taught to those who live and have
the destiny of their country in their
"First in my thoughts are the les?
sons to be learned from the career of
William McKinley by the young men
who make up the students today of
our University. They are not obscure
or difficult. The man who is univer?
sally mourned today was not deficient
in education, but with all you will
hear of his grand career, and his ser?
vices to his country, you will not hear
that what he accomplished was due
entirely to his education. He was an
obedient son, patriotic and faithful as
a soldier, honest and upright as a citi?
zen, tender and devoted as a husband,
i and truhtful, generous, unselfish, mor?
al and clean in every relation of life.
He never thought any of those things
too weak for his manliness. Make no
mistake. Here was a most distinguish?
ed man, a great man, a usefnl man,
who became distinguished, great and
useful because he had, and retained
unimpaired, qualities of heart which
I fear University students sometimes
feel like keeping in the background or
There is a more serious lesson for
all of us in the tragedy of onr late
President's death. If we sro to escape
further attacks upon our peace and
security we must boldly and resolute?
ly grapple with the monster of anar?
chy. It is not a thing that we can
safely leave to be dealt with by party
or partisanship. Nothing can guar?
antee us against its menace except the
teaching and the practice of the best
citizenship, the exposure cf the ends
and aims of the gospel of discontent
and hatred of social order, and the
brave enactment aand execution of re?
"The universities and colleges can?
not refuse to join in the battle against
the tendencies of anarchy. Their help
in discovering and warring against the
relationship between the vicious coun?
cils and deeds of blood, and their
steadying influence upon the elements
of unrest, cannot fail to be of inesti?
By the memory of our martyred
President let us resolve to cultivate
and preserve the qualties that made
him great and useful, and let us de?
termine to meet the call of patriotic
duty in every time of our country's
A Good Selection.
The selection of Rear Admiral
Francis M. Ramsay as a member of
the Schley court of inquiry will give
almost as general satisfaction as did
the action of the court of sustaining
the objection to Rear Admiral How
ison. The new member of the court
has not in any way, so far as is known
to the public, complicated himself eith?
er as a critic or a eulogist of Schley.
He has not recently had any close asso?
ciation with either Schley or Sampson,
nor has he been involved in any clique
or faction in the navy. For ten years
before his retirement he saw no sea
service. His last command was that
of a cruiser in the early days of our
Dnring the civil war, however. Ram?
sey, who was then quite a young offi?
cer, distinguished himself highly.
He was commander of an ironclad
which took a prominent part in the
operations on the Mississippi, espe?
cially those before Vicksburg and in
the Red river.
He aided in the attacks upon Fort
Fisher in 1S64 and 1SG?, and in the
capture of Richmond.
For two years he was at the head of
the bureau of navigation, and there
came into contact with almost every
officer of the navy.
His judgment of men was probably
benefited by that experience, and he
is admitted to have a good knowledge
of naval science.
With Deewy, Lemley and Ramsey on
the court, the country may epxect a
thorough investigation cf all matters
t hat ar?'to be passed upon by the court
of inquiry and a fair report. Atlanta
London. Sept. 19.- Th'1 torpedo boat
desi rover, tin- Cobra, has foundered in
tin- North sea, tin* result of an explo?
sion. The ship was en route from the
yard of her builders, the Armstrongs
of New Castle, to Portsmouth, and
carried 42 naval men and ii? men in
tlie employ of the contractors. Twelve
men were saved and il is believed that
they are the only survivors. Five
boats were launched aftt?r the Cobra
struck, but some of them were swamp?
ed in the heavy sea which was run?
ning at the time.
ANOTHER HEW PASTY FORMED.
Kansas Reformers of ali Kinds
Kansas City Mo., Sept. 18-The dele?
gates representing seven political par?
ties of reform, who came here to
"The Allied Third Party" conference,
held their first joint debate session to?
night, after two days of separate con?
ference meetings behind closed doors.
It was decided that the new party is
to be called "The Allied Party" and a
platform embodying the following
principles was argeed npon by the
The platform accepted by the differ?
ent elements, which doubtless will be
adopted by the conference, demands
the initiative and referendum and pub?
lic ownership of public utilities; de?
clares against land speculation and
alien ownership: favors "scientific
money, based on the entire wealth of
the people of the nation and not re?
deemable in any specific commodity,
but to be full legal tender for all
debts, to be issued by the government
only, without the intervention of
banks, in sufficient quantities to meet
the requirements of commerce:" de?
mands just and natural taxation and
the election of president, vice presi?
dent federal judge and senators by
direct vote ; favors the creation of the
department of labor and equitable
arbitration ; favors the establishment
of postal savings banks : and favors
such constitutional amendments as
may be necessary to make the laws re?
The purpose of the joint session to?
night was to decide upon a time and
place to hold the convention, which
will ratify the actions of this confer?
ence and perfect the permanent organ?
ization of the new party. The con?
ference was called to order tonight by
J. H. Cook of Carthage, Mo.
Dr. J. E. Chambers was elected tem?
porary chairman of the conference.
The temporary organization was
made permanent and a committee of
five, consisting of one fusion Populist,
two middle of the road Populist, and
two members of the public ownership
party, was appointed to prepare an ad?
dress to the public outlining the prin?
ciples and purposes of this reform
The day was spent in separate con?
ferences by the different contingents
and when the contingents adjournd at
6 o'clock to meet again at 8 o'clock to?
night the middle of the road Populists
were not yet ready to join the other
parties in joint conference. The Popu?
lists insisted that the plan of organ?
ization shall be decided upon before
the conference shall be called to order,
when it will be ratified by the confer?
ence. The Populist delegates are in
the minority and do not propose to
enter into a joint conference until the
other forces agree to allow them suffi?
cient voting strength to protect them?
selves on the floor.
A Card From The Doctors.
Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 17.-The fol?
lowing' statement was g en out to?
night by the physicians wh ?) attended
President McKinley during his last
"The undersigned surgeons and
physicians, who were in attendance on
the late President McKinley have had
their attention called to certain sensa?
tional statements recently published
indicating dissensions and mutual
recriminations among them. We desire
to say to the press and public, once for
all, that every such publication and
all alleged interviews with any of us
containing criticism of one another or
of any of our associates are false.
We say again that there never was a
serious disagreement among the pro?
fessional attendants as to any of the
symptoms or as to the treatment of the
case or as to the bulletins which were
issued. A very unusual harmony of
opinion and action prevailed all
through the case.
The unfortunate result could not
have been foreseen before the unfavor?
able symtoms declared themselves late
on the sixth day, and could not have
been prevented by any human agency.
Pending the completion and publica?
tion of the official reports of the post
mortem examiners and attending
staff, we shall refuse to make any fur?
ther statements for publication, and
alleged interviews with any of us may
be known to be fictitious.
Signed : Matthew D. Mann, Roswell
Park, Hermann Mynter, Eugene Was
din, Charles G. Stockton.
- 1 mm
Brockton, Mass., Sept. IS.--A
switch not properly set brought a pas?
senger express and a heavy freight
train together with the resultant death
of six passengers on the express train
and injuries of 25 others this after?
noon on the main line of tho New
York, New Haven and Hartford rail?
road at Avon. The express left Boston
at 1:08 p. m. and it was running 40
miles an hour at the time of the
ANARCHISTS DRIVEN OUT.
Act of Imitation Kuklux in West?
moreland County, Pa.
Pittsburg, September 17.-A Com?
mercial Gazette special from a staff
correspondent says that thirty armed
men, imitating the movement of the
famous Kuklux Klan, raided the
Anarchists of Gurley Hollow, West?
moreland County, on Sunday night
and forced twenty-five families to take
their departure from the town before
daylight. The raiders surroundded
the houses and terrorized the Anar?
chists by firing Winchesters and re?
volvers and yelling like Indians.
During a lull in the fusillade one
of the Anarchists, who could speak
English, ventured from his house un?
der a flag of truce and had a parley
with the invaders. The result of the
conference was that the Anarchist
agreed to be responsible for the imme?
diate removal of the whole colony. By
the terms of the capitulation the for?
eigners were to leave the vicinity with
their wives, children and all" their
belongings before daybreak. They
kept their contract and before the
sun rose every house in the settle?
ment was deserted. The only favor
they asked in return for their exodus
was that their lives should be spared.
They Will Defend Czolgosz.
Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 18.-Lo ran lu
Lewis and Robert C. Titus have ac?
cepted the assignment of Judge Emery
in the county court to act as counsel
for Czolgosz upon his trial for murder
in the first degree in killing President
McKinley. Judge Titus will return
from Milwaukee on Friday and will
then consult with Judge Lewis and
determine the line of defense to be
Czolgosz is now. confined in the Erie
county jail. He is kept in close con?
finement in the tier .of iron cells set
apart for murderers and is under
guard day and night. He is not al?
lowed to read or smoke and the guards
are not allowed to converse with him.
No one aside from his attorneys will
be allowed to see him.
McLaurin and McKinley.
Baltimore, Md., Sept. 18.-In a let?
ter to the Manufacturers' Record, of
this city, United States Senator J. L.
McLaurin, of South Carolina, tells of
an interview he had with President
McKinley during the early days of the
"The President,'' says Senator Mc?
Laurin, "spoke beautifully and tender?
ly of the Southern people and of how
he intended to use the power and in
fiuence of his great office to unite our
"lean recall the words, but who
can paint the earnestness and elo?
quence as, raising one hand on high, he
said: 4Senator, by the help of God I
propose to be the President of the
whole country, the South as much as
the North, and before the end of my
term the South will understand this.'
"No wonder, as a true Southern
man, I loved and trusted President
McKinley. I stood by him in the
Senate and elsewhere, and I thank God
that I did.
"Patriotic in purpose and pure in
heart, his noble soul is now with Him
whom the hate of man nailed to
the cross. Like Lincoln, who saved
the country, McKinley who reunited
it, dies a martyr.to envy and hate."
Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 18.-Portions
of Alabama. Georgia, North Carolina
and South Carolina have been visited
by terrific rains the past 24 hours and
in some sections considerable damage
was done. Near Buena Vista, Ga.,
several county bridges, mill dams and
one mill were washed away. The city
of Oglethorpe, Ga., is isolated by
washouts in all directions and much
damage to crops is reproted. Ameri
cus, Ga., reports an unofficial precipi?
taron of nine inches in the past 36
hours. The damage is estimated at
815,000. The waterworks plant had to
be abandoned on account of tthe high
water and washouts are reported on
the central of Georgia and the Sea?
board Air Line. Some damages to
cotton is reported from various points.
The heavy rains have been followed
by a decided drop in temperature.
Following are some of the rainfall re?
ported to the Atlanta weather bureau
todav: Eufaula, Ala., 7.62: Newnan,
Ga.," J5.79: Columbus, Ga., 2.95;
Gainesville, Ga., 2.10: Green vi*^,
S. C., 3.50: Macon, Ga., 2.49: Spar
tanburg, S. C., 2.14 : West Point, Ga.,
3.10: Union Springs, Ala.. 2.20;
Augusta, Ga., 3.64: Camack, Ga.,
6.64: Columbia, S. C., 3.18: Green?
wood, S. C., 2.94: Union Point, Ga..
2.70: Albanv. Ga., 2.58: Eastman,
Ga., 2.10: "Charlotte. N. C.. 2.16:
Cheraw, S. C., 3.40: Lumberton, N.
C., 2.08: Raleigh, N. C.. 2.4S: Wel?
don. N. C., 2.01:
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