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THIS YEAR'S COTTON CROP.
West of the Mississippi the Crop
is Smaller ; East of That River
it is Larger.
The reports during the last ten days
reflect a stage in the development of
growing and maturing cotton that
usually occurs during the last days
of August, and accounts for the wide?
spread prevalence of rust and shed?
ding. Of itself it does not mark any
unusual deterioration, but occurring
so late in the season, it does indicate
an unusual backwardness of the crop,
that makes the yield more problemati?
cal than generally is the case in the
middle of September, and more de?
pendent on an early or late frost
whether the crop will be of a record
breaking size or merely a full one.
West of the Mississippi, it seems,
the reports indicate a loss under last
year's yield even with the increased
acreage, while to the eastward there
will be a large excess over last year.
Since the reports were received upon
which the State summaries are based,
heavy rains have occurred over the
eastern and central portions of the
belt that lowered the quantity of open
cotton in the bolls, but did no other
material damage except on bottom/
lands that were overflowed. Picking
has been retarded by these rains and
cotton which was opening fast will for
awhile mature slowly, thus keeping
back the market supply for awhile.
The condition of the crop has been
summarised for the different States
In North Carolina the condition of
cotton, as reported by the department
of argiculture, is the' lowest through?
out the cotton belt, except in Texas
and Arkansas. The weather condition
cannot further benefit the plant in
this State, except that showers would
secure better maturity of the upper
bolls. .Cotton is opening very rapidly
and picking has become general ; the
Tesults of the first picking indicate a
shorter crop ?ven than anticipated ;
cotton gins are in operation and some
uew bales have been sold. Damage
by shedding and rust has somewhat
diminished during the past week.
In South Carolina cotton opened
fast, except along the northern border
counties, and some opened premature?
ly owing to rust that has increased
rapidly. The hot weather induced
shedding, and stopped growth of young
cotton. The crop is reported in a
less favorable condition than it was
a few weeks ago, and is not as heavily
fruited as it promised to be. Boll
worms have appeared, in many sections
and have caused much injury. Sea
island cotton improved during the
week. Picking has made fair progress,
although little has as yet been ginned.
In Georgia with the exception of
scattered showers dry weather prevail?
ed during the great portion of the week
Tendering the conditions favorable for
picking cotton and saving hay. The
ory weather caused cotton to open very
rapidly and did some damage to late
growing crops, but in most instances
the temporary setbacks seem to have
been overcome by reasonable showers
later in the week.
There is still complaint of rusting
and shedding of cotton in many coun?
ties and it is the universal opinion
that the bottom crop will be somewhat
^>3low last year while the top is in
many sections almost; an entire failure.
In some counties considerable cotton
has been ginned and marketed.
In Alabama: Cotton continued to
open freely, with picking being rapid?
ly pushed : many complaints of rust,
rot, and shedding are received, with
a general admission that inst h as dam- I
aged the staple very considerably, so
that the yield wiii be very light:
there seems to be but slight prospects
for a top crop.
In Mississippi : Cotton is opening
"Very fast, and at many places over
half of it is open. Picking was pro?
gressing very nicely until about
Wednesday, since then very little has
been gathered on account of the un?
favorable weather. The exessive rains
and continued damp weather during
last half of the week have damaged
the crop considerably. It is shedding
over the greater portion of
the State: while in many delta and
northern counties it. is rotting and
beginning to sprout from the open
In Louisiana: The early part of the
week was generally favorable for cot?
ton picking, except in some northern
parishes where the weather was show?
ery. General showers throughout the
State at the close of the week mate
rialy interfered with outdoor work.
Picking was rushed when the weather
was favorable and is well advanced in
many localit?s. There are complaints
from some of the southern parishes
that bolls are rotting as a result of
continuous wet weather and in some
instances the quality of the staple has
been reduoed. Rust and shedding are
reported from several parishes. Re?
ports from Concordia state that late
cotton will be a fair crop if frost holds
off sufficiently long. The yield of cot?
ton is below the average.
In Tennesse : Since the August rains,
cotton has been making abnormal stalk
growth to the great detriment of fruit?
age, besides the yield has been much
lessened by shedding forms and rust.
In Texas: Although considerable
damage, the result of heavy rains, oc?
curred in many localities of the State,
the weather during the week as a
whole was more favorable than other
wise to the farming interests of the
State. The drouth which has prevail?
ed for so long over the central, south?
ern and southwestern portions has
been thoroughly broken and excepting
a few localities the moisture has been
ample for the immediate needs of all
crops. Farm work was greatly retard?
ed during the week, cotton picking es?
pecially having been interrupted by
the prevailing wet weather. Washing
rains injured open cotton to a great
extent, and the early crop was gener?
ally damaged, by the wei weather,
which, in a measure, lowered the
quality of the staple. Late cotton has
improved in some localities and some
correspondents report the crop as
bloming and putting on sqquares, out
the general reports indicate that the
crop has failed to respond to the mois?
ture and that the season is too far ad?
vanced to hope for a late crop. The
benefit to cotton from the rains has
been more than overbalanced by the
shedding and rusting of the crop. The
boll weevils are still working in late
cotton and considerable damage is re?
ported from this source. The yield
of coton continues to be very unsatis
I factory and all farmers who have based
j their hopes upon this crop alone
j are much discouraged.
In Arkansas: Cotton continues to
i open rapidly, and in some localities the
greater part is now open: picking pro?
gressed rapidly under the favorable
weather conditions of the first part of j
the week, but has been seriously delay?
ed by the heavy rains of the last few
days. As a rule the rains have been
rather injurious than otherwise to the
I crop, beating the lint from the bolls
into the ground, causing it to stain.
! All sections, with a few exceptions,
1 report the yield will be shorter than
"IMPORTANT, ?F TRUE."
Reported Sale of the S. C. & Ga.
Railroad Extension to the At?
lantic Coast Line.
Yorkville, September IS.-It is said
that for some time negotiations have
been in progress between parties repre?
senting the Atlantic Coast Line Rail?
road Company and ,the owners of the
South Carolina and Georgia Exten?
sion, looking to the lease or purchase
of the latter road by the former, and,
although it lacks official confirmation
by either side interested, there is a
very plausible story in circulation
here to the effect that a deal has been
perfected, as a result of which the
Coast Line people will assume the
management of the South Carolina
and GeorgiafExtension on October L
It is said that the new owners will
operate through trains, both freight
and passenger, between Charleston
and Marion, X. C., via Sumter, and
that the entire road will be improved
to an extent that will cause it to com?
pare favorably with the other lines
owned and operated by this great sys?
tem, and that the equipment will be
second to none. The report goes on
to say that it is the purpose of the new
management to operate double daily
passengers trains between Charleston
Your correspondent does not write
any of the foregoing as absolute facts,
but has secured his information from
a source that leads him to hope that
there is a solid foundation for the
story, and there will be a change in
the affairs of the South Carolina and
Georgia Extension at an early day.
The entrance of the Coast Line peo?
ple into this territory would be hailed
with pleasure by the people from
Camden to Marion, because of the
well-known policy of the company to
use every legitimate endeavor to devel?
op the territory in which it operates.
The present management of the
South Carolina and Georgia Exten?
sion, it is said, is so managing its
affairs as to pay operating expenses
and a fair profit on what the road cost
them, and it is also doing what it can
to please and accommodate its patrons,
but, owing to the fact that the road
is "independent," and has no outlet
under its control, it is seriously
hampered, as also are the towns that
depend on it in whole for transporting
freight.-Yorkville Cor. News and
The Wonders of Liquid Air.
If anybody had told me when I
studied natural philosophy in my
young days that common air, atmos?
phere, could be and would be com?
pressed into such a shape that it
would freeze meats, vegetables and
milk into solid ice before one's eyes
on a July day I should have felt some?
what as did those ancient disbelievers
when an illustrious astronomer told
them the world was round and not
flat. Maybe I would not have gone
quite so far as Galiileo's enemies did
in disgust and indignation, but I should
have uttered some very strong remarks
upon the sort of faith that depends on
works and actual knowledge.
A gentleman preaching before a
large auidence a few days ago told of
experiments he witnessed with liquid
air a short time ago.
Pie said the cans of air were sitting
around on the platform promiscuously,
ready to be used on demand. He saw
the operator take up a piece of porter
house steak about a foot long and
plunge it into a can of liquid air.
In a minute he held the same piece
of steak up to the view of the au?
dience, frozen solid as a brick.
He saw him hack the frozen meat,
and the frozen lumps flew far and
wide, to be picked up and examined by
A lady handed the lecturer a bunch
of lovely flowers and he plunged the
bunch into another can and the flow?
ers came out as hard as icicles and
were shattered around like icicles
over the crowd.
He saw a can of plain water set to boil
over another can of liquid air and the
operator reached down and scraped
snow from the bottom of the topmost
can and flung it all about him.
We are walking in a maze, with
these wonders exhibited before our
eyes. With all the water powers in
the and utilized for electricity, the
time is coming when the country
places will be lighted just as cities are
now, with artificial light.
And the electricity will provide heat
to warm houses, cook food and take
the place of horses in farm work.
Those that live to see the close of the
present new century will see wonders
in the air and wonders under the
earth, such as we never dreamed
about, or could conceive, and God
will be glorified.
Jim Brown, Rapist. Hanged.
Asheville, Ala., Sept. 20.- Jim j
Brown, th.;- neirro rapist, was hanged
in the jail yard this aft?rnnoon. The
hanging was conducted by thc deputy
sheriffs and Col. Higdon, Fourth reg?
ment, as Sheri fi' North is under arrest
on a ?barge ?)f murder for his part in
the jail riot a month age. when be
prevented the lynching of Brown.
Brown repudiated a former eoriies
sion. lie died of strangulation.
"Of ti;e million pensioners." it is
noted by the Boston Journal, " " 7(H). (KX)
live in the States of Illinois, Indiana,
Iowa, Kansas. Massachusetts. Mich i
iran, Missouri. Nebraska, New York;
Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin."
These' twelve States, therefore, get
about 8100,OOO.(?00 of the annual pen?
sion bounty. It is a valuable crop and
a regular, comes easy and is all net
profit. They ought to be prosperous.
And they are."
STRANGE STORY FROM LIFE.
Divorced Husband of Amelia Rives
Appears in Virginia as From
: Richmond, Va., Sept. 50.- A Char
lotteville, Va., special says:
John Armstrong Chanler, the di?
vorced hubsand of Amelia Rives, now
i Princess Troubetsksy, and who has
been lost for nearly a year, many of
? his friends thinking he was dead,
arrived in this city this morning on
the Southern train from Lynchburg,
where he has been stopping at the
Arlington hotel for six weeks.
He was met at the train and driven
to the residence of his friends and
counsel. Captain Mieajah "Woods.
After a brief consultation Mr. Chanler
and Capt. Woods took the train for
Louisa Court House to attend the cir?
cuit court for appearance in a civil
proceeding, it is said, in behalf of Mr.
Chanler with reference to certain
property in Louisa county in which
he is interested. His attorneys are
said to be Senator Daniel and his law
partner, Frederick Harfer of Lynch?
burg: Micajah Woods, common?
wealth's attorney for Albemarle coun?
ty. Charlottesville: Armistead C.
Gordon, city attorney of Staunton,
and Augstus Van Wycke of New York.
These, it is said, have with Mr. Chan?
lers approval given out the following
"On the 13th of March, 1897 Mr.
Chanler, then a citizen of Albemarle
county, Virginia, visiting in Xew
York, was committed to Blooming
dale asylum at Whiteplains. X. Y., on
an order of a judge of the supreme
court of that State.
"On Thanksgiving eve. 1900, after
numerous fruitless efforts to secure
legal counsel, having managed to bor?
row from a friend a few dollars, he es?
caped from the asylum and went to
Phiiadeplhia. There under the guise
of an attorney representing a client,
submitted his case to a distinguished
neurologist. Dr. J. Madison Taylor, and
upon Dr. Taylor's expressions of wil?
lingness to assume charge of his
alleged client, he disclosed his
"In order to afford Dr. Taylor
ample time and opportunity for obser?
vation, Mr. Chanler, of his own mo?
tion and without compulsion, repaired
to a private sanitarium in Philadel?
phia, under the charge of Dr. Taylor,
and remained there for six months.
"During this time, a number of j
eminent alienists, neurologists and
phycologists were called in consulta- j
tion by Dr. Taylor, and the records of
the proceedings in Louisa county dis?
close the unanimous opinion of all
these experts as to Mr. Chanter's
"Later, having placed himself in
touch with his counsel by correspon?
dence he came to Virginia and lived
at Lynchburg up to Sept. 20, when he
returned to his home in Albemarle
where he now is and where proceed?
ings will be instituted under the Vir?
ginia statutes to demonstrate before a
court of competent jurisdiction and in
an affirmative manner, his entire
Horrible Railroad Wreck.
Bucharest, Sept. 22.-The collision
yesterday at Palota between the Vien?
na express and the petroleum train ap?
pears, in the light of the latest devel?
opments, to have been a mest terrible
In a few seconds the whole area of
the collision became a huge lake of
burning petroluem. Trees and every?
thing inflammable within an area of
a quarter of a mile were destroyed.
There were some ghastly scenes. A
girl was burned to death in sight of
both 1?er parents who escaped. M.
Dinu, a Roumanian millionaire, got
his foot jammed in the wreckage and
be.frsred one of the train guards to sever
the foot with an axe. promising him
a large reward if he would do so. Be- j
fore the guard could help him he sank
back into the flames and was barned
to death. Schwarb, the conductor,
who was similarly jammed. ? clung so
desperately to the man who tried to
extricate him that his would-be rescuer
sustained flesh wounds in the neck and
had to be dragged away just as
Schwarb perished in the flames. Most
of the 32 who were killed were burned
Lightning Bolt Rebukes Circus.
New York, Sept. 19.-The big tent
erected on Sunday by circus men next
to the Rev. J. G. Edwards' church
at Trenton. X. J., was struck by light?
ning soon after the minister had pro?
tested against the work and lodged a
complaint with the mayor and chief of
James Radcliff, one of the circus
men. was severely hurt by being
caught under the canvass when it col?
lapsed. The others were badly fright?
ened. Circus men are superstitious,
and the bolt from the skies falling so
soon after the clergyman's warning is
likely to cause the removal of the tent
to some less sacred spot.
The men disturbed Mr. Edwards'
morning service by their hammering
and loud talking. At the conclusion
he went out and ordered them to stop.
They laughed all the afternoon until
the rain came. They had no sooner
crawled under the tent for shelter
than a bolt struck the center pole.
A Pacific Cable in Sight.
Albany. X. Y.. Sept. 23.- The Com?
mercial Pacific Cnblc company, with
a capital stock of 8100,000, was incor?
porated here today by the following
gentlemen : John W. Mackav, Clarence
J?. Mackay, Edward C. Plan. Albert
Beck, George (!. Ward, Albert \>.
Chandler and Wm. W. Cook.
Respecting the purposes and pros
peels of '.he hew; company. Mr.
Mackay said today that the <Commer?
cial Pacific Cable company had been
organized for the purpose of.laying a
submarine cable from California P>
the Philippine islands by way of Hon
oluln in the Hawaiian Islands. The
length of the cable will 'oe about s.?co
miles, th'- part to be first laid being
from California io i!??> Hawaiian isl?
ands. This portion Mr. Mackay ex?
pected will be in operation within nine
months. The time required for the
laying of the remainder of the cables
from the Hawaiian islands to the
Philppine islands will depend upon
how quickly the cablecanbe manufac?
tured, but Mr. Mackay believes the
whole cable will be completed within
two years from this date.
I FOiSOH THEORY EXPLODED.
No Poison was Found on Bullet
or Pistol With Which President
McKinley was Shot.
m Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 22.-The most
important development in the Czolgosz
case today was the announcement that
no poison had been found on the bul?
lets or the revolver with which the
anarchist assassinated President Mc?
Kinley. Chemical and bacteriological
examinations were made by both and
revealed the fact that no poison was
used by the murderer. An examina?
tion to determine the exact mental
condition of the prisoner was made
in the Erie county jail this afternoon
by Dr. Carlos McDonald of New
York, the alienist who was brought
here for the defense by the Erie
County Bar association, and Dr.
Arthur W. H. Hurd, superintendent
of the Buffalo State hospital. The
alienists were with the assassin for
one hour and a half and when they
left both declined to discuss the case.
District Attorney Penney and his
entire staff spent all of Sunday at the
city hall preparing for the trial of
Czolgosz which will begin tomorrow
morning. Mr. Penney had confer?
ences with the alienists and with City
Chemist Herbert H. Hill, who sub?
mitted his report upon an examination
of the bullets and the revolver.
Immediately after the death of the
president one of the physicians in at?
tendance on the president expressed
the opinion that the bullets may have
been poisoned. District Attorney
Penney, who had possession of the
assassin's revolver, ordered careful
and thorough examinations to be
made. Dr. Hill was directed to make
a chemical examination of the bullet
and the chambers and barrel of the
revolver, and Dr. Herman G. Matzin?
ger, one of the surgeons who perform?
ed the autopsy upon the president's
body, was ordered to make a bacteriol?
ogical examination. This atfernoon
Dr. Hill reported to the disrtict attor?
ney that his work showed that no
poison had been used. He also pre?
sented a written report, but it will not
be used on the trial as that question
is now eliminated from the case. Dr.
Matzinger has finished his bacteriol?
ogical examination and his work also
revealed] the absence of any poison.
The district attorney has been inform?
ed to that effect, although the formal
report has not been submitted. Au?
thorities on this question state that
the two examinations form a complete
test and that the slightest trace of
poison would have been revealed. Dr.
McDonald and Dr. Hurd, alienists of
the defense, called upon Distict Attor?
ney Penney shortly before 3 o'clock
this afternoon and remained with him
until 3:15 when they were escorted to j
the jail by Detective Solomon. The
insantiy experts went to Czolgosz's j
cell in "Murderers' Row" and were j
locked up in the cell with him until
4:15 o'clock when they returned to
the city hall and held another con?
ference with the disrtict attorney. Fif?
teen minutes later Dr. Putman, a local
alienist, appeared and joined the con?
Although great secrecy was main?
tained at the district attorney's office,
it was learned this afternoon that Dr.
Allen McLane Hamilton, one of the
most noted alienists in the United
States and who was an expert witness
at the trial of Guiteau, is in Buffalo.
Not a doubt as to Czolgosz's sanity j
exists in the mind of District Attor?
ney Penney, so that it is presumed
that Dr. Hamilton is here merely to
meet the question of insanity should
the defense determine to make a fight
on that ground, although the defense
declines to make any definite state?
ment on the subject pending the final
opinion of Dr. McDonald. It is the
concensus of opinion among those in?
terested in the case that no insanity
plea will be interposed by Judges
Titus and Lewis.
DEFENDS THE 000T0BS.
Medical Journal Discusses the
Death of Mr. McKinley.
New York. September IS.-The next
edition of the New York Medical Jour?
nal will discuss the case of President
McKinley. It will say:
*It is a melancholy consolation to ?
know that the fatal termination of
President McKinely's case was not in
the slightest degree due to any omis?
sion to give him the full benefit of all !
the present resources of our art, and
there is nothing humiliating in the
fact that the favorable prognosis
which forgive or six days seemed justi?
fied should have finally proved falla?
"At the time of his assassination!
President McKinley was probably in
better physical condition than most
men of his age: that is, men who lead
a sedentary life. So far as is known,
he was free from all organic disease,
though? his vitality may have been
somewhat impaired by the fearful men?
tal strain to which the duties of his
office and its responsibilities and
anxieties had long subjected him. He
was suddenly cut down by a cruel
wound, but he bore it bravely and
there was little of the condition
known as shock. This freedom from
shock was correctly interpreted as
showing that no considerable internal
hemorrhage was going on.
"Without delay he was taken to a
well-equipped hospital and attended
by surgeons of world-wide reputation
and vast experience. The operation
itself was performed by an exceedingly
capable gynaecologist, who was assist?
ed by equally capable general surgeons.
lt is perfectly certain that there was
no technical fault in the operation,
and it may be said with equal positive?
ness that it would haye verged on
! madness t?> prolong the search for the
; bullet after it brid been ascertained
! that it had not inflicted any very grave
' injury beyond that cf the stomach
i ascertained, that, is to say; within the
j limitations of warrantable efforts.
"The operation having been finished
without seriously taxing the distin?
guished patient's vital powers, there
j followed at least live days of freedom
; from serious symptoms. This we say
j with full appreciation of the fact that
the record ol' the pulse and respira
j tion seemed ominous, for the high
rate might have been due to any <>f a
number of conditions not in them?
selves of grave import. The hopeful
; view was taken, and quite naturally,
I that it could be so explained.
"It is easy to be wise after the
event, and to say that in this respect
the surgeons were in error: err they
certainly did, as the result shows,
but to err in such a way argues no in
i capacity or avoidable lack of judment
-it simply, we repeat, illustrates the
fact that the medical man is not a
? perfect being.
"Gangrene was probably establish?
ed two or three days before the fatal
issue followed, but it could hardly
have occurred very early without giv?
ing rise to more disquieting phenome?
na than augmentation of the pulse
and respiration rates, which, as we
have said before, might well have
been due to some comparatively un?
important disturbance. To the wound
of the kidney we attribute little im?
portance further than arises from the
fact that it made one more traumatic
surface to become gangrenous. There
is said to have been a trifling degree
of haematuria of brief duration, but
not enough to indicate a very serious
"The case of the profoundly lament?
ed President may be set down as
unique in some of its features, not so
much, perhaps, as regards the actual
traumatism inflicted by the assassin's
bullet as wtih regard to the deferred
appearance 'of the gangrenous pro?
cess that blotted out his fair pros?
pects of recovery."
WflB IN SOUTH AFRICA.
London, Sept. 22.-The war office
has received the following dispatch
from Lord Kitchener, dated Pretoria,
Sept. 22: "Kritzinger, while endeavor?
ing to force a passage of the Orange
River near Herschal at 1 o'clock Fri?
day morning, rushed the camp -of a
party of 20 of Lovett's scouts. Ke
failed to cross the river but the scouts
lost heavily. Lieut. Col. the Hon.
Andrew Murray and Captain Murray,
his adjutant were killed. Deeply re?
gret the loss of Col. Murray," who
throughout the war had led Lovetts'
scouts with great gallantry.
"Under cover of darkness the Boers
managed to carry off a gun. They
were promptly followed up and the
gun was dropped in a smarting engage?
Lord Kitchener also reports that the
! British captured by the Boers in the
ambush near Scheepersnek, Sept. 17,
have been released, and the British
casualities in the recent Vlakfontein
engagement when the Boers captured
a company of mounted infantry and
two guns were one officer and five
men killed, 23 men wounded and 6 of
the 109 men taken prisoners. He
announces that these prisoners have
since been released. He further re?
ports the capture of two commandoes,
one consisting of 55 men under Com?
mandant Kochs, who were taken with
their transport west of Adenburg, and
the other consisting of 54 men includ?
ing P. J. Botha, who were taken with
68 wagons and their belongings 45
miles south of Carolina.
London, Sept. 20.-The succession of
"regrettable incidents" which Lord
Kitchener has reported has evoked
editorial counsels to the govrenment
to cease to endeavor to wage war by
proclamations and to recognize the
need of crushing the Boers by force of
No news has yet been received that
the Boers have liberated the prisoners
recently captured : and according to
Boer circles in Brussels, Commandant
General Botha intends to hold the 150
British prisoners as hostages against
the carrying out of the terms of Lord
London, Sept. 20.--Lord Kitchener
reports that the Boers have captured
a company of mounted infantry and
two guns at Vlafontein. One officer
was killed. The Boers, in superior
force, surrounded the British.
Lord Kitchener is making a strict
investigation and has sent columns of
troops in pursuit of the Boers.
Norfolk, Neb., Sept. 23.-The asy?
lum for the insane in this city was
completely destroyed by fire today and
it is believed that three of the inmates
were burned to death. When the fire?
men reached the site it was found that
the main building was doomed. There
were six hundred inmates in this
structure and they were rescued with
difficulty. Shrieks and yells filled the
air and many of the lunatics fought
against the attempts of the rescuers to
save them. Others were completely
cowed and the attendants had no diffi?
culty in leading them out of the burn?
ing building. Three of the inmates
are missing and probably were burn?
ed to death.
State Librarian Resigns.
Columbia, Sept. 23,-Today the gov?
ernor received the following letter of
resignation from the efficient State
librarian, which he has formally ac?
Dear Sir: I have the honor to sub?
mit, my resignation of the office of
State librarian to take effect at the
close of the present month, pud to re
quest your early acceptance thereof.
--TT^- -*+<>? *7Z- - 11 -
Hanna a Broken Man.
Cleveland, September 21.-The
Plain Dealer says:
Asked to make a brief statement as
to how lie regarded the policy of Pres?
ident Rosevelt so far as it had been
expressed and what sort of an adminis?
tration lie believed the new President
would give to tile nation, Senator
1 lanna sa i il :
"1 am done with being interviewed
for all time. "
'*Have you decided not to again pub?
licly express your opinion*:" was ask?
"No more," was the brief answer.
The Senator is broken by the tragedy
.-it Buffalo and his face shows how deep
his grief has been.
STATE FAIR NOTES.
Do yon wis:: to see the progress
the farmers ol' our Stale are making
ip. diversified and intensified agricul?
ture*? If so, visit the Slate Fair, Oct.
2Sth to Nov. Isl.
Do not miss the opportunity to
take your family to the State Fair.
Young and old will be instructed
ami entertained. All immoral, gam?
bling and questionable features are
Liberal railroad rates to the State
Fair will be made Fair Week.
Our Washington Letter.
Washington, September 23. 1901.
The news that President Roosevelt
will retain the present Cabinet intact
came as something of a surprise to the
country in general. Perhaps no change
which he would have made could
have surprised the public as much as
this unlooked-for conservatism. But
it is an old story, as regards Roosevelt,
that the only thing you can really
expect of him is the unexpected.
It is no secret that Platt and Hanna
were doing considerable squirming for
a few days after they realized that the
I man whom they had shelved as vice
President was really headed for the
White House. They did not like it.
They were afraid of him, and they are
still, but in a modified way. They
realize that Roosevelt is going to do
what he says he will, and they have
that much to build on, but whether he
will do it in the way in which they
want him to is another question.
When he says he is going head first
through a plate glass window the
window had better be insured, and
some of the enterprises in which these
two sapient gentlemen are engaged
are of the nature of a conservatory.
They are raising infant industries
under glass, and that sort of thing. It
would not be nice if the Rough Rider
should rmt his boot through the shel?
ter of the shipping subsidies. Hanna
says he will not, but maybe the wish
is father to the thought' It is known
that Roosevelt is very much interested
in the upbuilding of the Merchant
Marine, and particularly that of the
Navy. He wishes to unite the coun?
tries of the two Americas by com
mecrial links. The question is wheth?
er he can join the two wings of his
own party so that they will flap in
unison and take him where he wants to
go. President McKinley never exactly
said anything in favor of subsidies,
but then, he never said anything
against them. Roosevelt never was
neutral in his life. He reminds one
of a remark of one of the characters
in Tourgee's once famous novel, "A
Fool's Errand." "Old men generally
get the credit for all the conservatism
in the world, but it is a mistake. A
young man backs just as hard as he
pulls. If he is opposed to a thing he
fights it tooth and nail." Roosevelt
is only forty-two, and that is the kind
of a conservative he will be when he
is one at all.
The very exuberance of the utter?
ances of various Republican senators
as to the confidence they have in
Roosevelt, since his decision to retain
the members of the present cabinet,
is a little suspicious. It indicates that
they have been scared and now are
Another thing which should not be
overlooked is that Roosevelt's princi?
pal friends and supporters have not yet
come on the scene. It is thought that
when Senator Lodge comes back from
Europe there may be a change in the.
There is no doubt that Roosevelt
will be strenuous in some direction.
It is said that he will favor not only a
large navy but a standing army of a
strength equal to that provided under
the reorganization act of last winter.
Whether the army can be enlarged in?
definitely without interfering with the
welfare of the people as a whole is one
of the questions not yet settled. We
are not ready for any such ideals of
military services as those which pre?
vail in Europe, and it is doubtful if
we really want to be. Another place
in which there is likely to be some
shaking up is the secret service.
President Roosevelt has been collecting
testimony about the performace of the
secret service men at Buffalo, and it
is stated that he regards them with
contempt, as a lot of incompetents,
and will make some radical changes
in that branch of the government
very soon. In this connection there
is a little story about Josiah Flynt,
the tramp detective, which is interest?
ing. Flynt, as most people know, is.
a college-bred man who has been
knocking about in the disguise ol a
hobo for the last ten or fifteen years,
gathering information ab ?ut tramp
and criminal classes, and is possible
the best authority in the country ou
this subject. He published an article
sometime ago which was a terrible ar?
raignment of the New York detective
force, and the New York people were
mad. They said they would show him
that he could not talk in that way
about the police of a great city. For
two days they hunted for him. At the
end of that time he strolled into the
"Front Office," talked with the chief
about an irrelevant matter, and asked
incidentally, 1 Have they caught that
man Flynt yet?" He was regaled
with unvarnished opinons of himself
and strolled out again in a state of
inward amusement. They have not
caught him yet. The fact is that the
detective and the secret service men
are not as sharp as the criminal, and
until they are-until men who are re?
sourceful, shrewd and incorruptible
make up these forces, the criminal
will have about as good a time as he
It, was stated by some correspondents
that Roosevelt had positively said that
i he would not be a candidate for the
Presidency in 1904. He has denied
this interview point-blank, but he ad?
mits that what he really said was
something like this: That while he
was vice-President he had considered
such a candidacy and begun to work
for it, but since the tragic event which ?
made him President he could not
make any personal canvass for the
nomination. Anybody can see that
But it is thought that he would not
refuse to take the candidacy if it
should happen to be offered to Jj im,
and that is as far as it is proper for
him to go at this early stage of affairs.
An interesting statement which
President Roosevelt made on Saturday
morning to Senator Pritchard, of N.
C., Representative Kluttz, of tho same
state anti Representative Gibson, of
Tenn., was this :
"I am going to be President of the
United States, .anti nor of any section.
I don't care tnat (with a snap of his
fingers) for sections or sectional
The perfect system t<? which govern?
ment has bern reduced in America,
thus enabling it to grapple with any
emergency and withstand the most in?
tense shock, was manifested by the
manner in which the people received
th" unhappy news from Buffalo. No
one ever dreamed of any danger to the
government. Even though the presi?
dent should die they knew that "God
reigned and the government at Wash?
ington still lived.''-Indianapolis Sen?