Newspaper Page Text
TD the Voters of the Proposed
New County of Lee.
Fellow Citizens: It is to be re?
gretted that the agitation for the for?
mation of a new county has again
arisen, and that this matter should
once more disturb the public mind.
Twice before has the attempt to
form a new county been defeated at
Private interests and personal am?
bition are largely responsible for this
"We think this agitation proceeds
from two classes of men-First, those
who desire to speculate in real estate
about the proposed county seat : and,
secondly, those who desire to obtain
The public at large will secure but
few of these benefits, and their prop?
erty instead of being benefitted will
have to bear increased taxation.
Does the record sustain the forego?
ing statements? Let us see :
In the year 1896 the proposed coun?
ty of Salem was defeated at the polls.
Efforts were made to have the county
and State boards of canvassers reverse
the verdict of the people, but these
failed. In the year 1898 the agitators
changed the name to Lee County and
slightly changed the lines, all for the
purpose of evading the requirements
of the law. This scheme was again
defeated at the polls.
New tactics are now being resorted
to. Zigzag surveys in Kershaw and
Darlington Counties, as the map
shows, have been made, the object be?
ing to include those individuals favor?
able to this last project, and exclude
those who are opposed to it.
The so-called survey, it is said, was
made in part, by counting the revolu?
tions of a buggy wheel while driving
along the public road.
Even by this extraordinary method
only a bare fraction of ten and one
half square miles above the Constitu?
tional minimum has been obtained. A
block of territory two and one-half
miles each way and amounting to two
or three large plantations is the nar?
row margin claimed by its promoters.
A competent corps of surveyors to
resurvey these lines will be put in the
field in a few days by men who are de?
termined that the truth shall be ascer?
tained regardless of whether the result
be favorable or unfavorable.
During the United States census
last year a topographical survey was
made for the purpose of the census,
and it was discovered that two of the
new counties in South Carolina, viz :
Bamberg and Cherokee, have less
square miles than the minimum re?
quired by the Constitution, and are
now, so to speak, unconstitutional
counties. The truth shall be known
about the Lee County area at whatever
Again, the assessed values of prop?
erty in the propsed new county is put
down in the petition at about $1,700,
This is also only a small fraction
above the Constitutional limit, and
as the record shows, is only a result
of a conjecture. The truth about this
fact will also be carefully ascertained.
Now, as to the Public Offices.
Four years ago it was given out
that Bishopville simply wanted to be
the County Seat for the public good
12nd the public convenience. She
wanted none of the offices.
When the Primary Election came off,
Bishopville and vicinity had at least
one candidate, and in some instances
two, in the field for nearly every one
of these public offices, and succeeded
in electing some of them.
The files of the newspaper then pub?
lished at Bishopville will show this to
This palpable breach of good faith
so disgusted some of its former ad?
herents in Kershaw County and else?
where, that they are now opposing the
present new county.
z Again, four years ago the village of
Bishopville promised that if made the
county seat, it would furnish all the
public buildings for the new county,
free, and without cost to the tax?
A public meeting was held and the
promise ratified. So soon, however,
as the election was over and the new
county supposed to have been estab?
lished, an effort was made to borrow
$15,000 from the State Sinking Fund
Commission upon the obligation of the
new county wherewith to erect these
A county's obligation could only be
paid by taxation levied upon the prop?
erty in the new county.
This act was such a breach of good >
faith that a circular signed by a num- !
ber of prominent gentlemen residing
in the new county was published and
distributed broadcast, denouncing the
attempt to impose this large debt
upon the people, and threatening to
call a new election to change the coun?
ty seat from Bishopville to some other
Some of these circulars are still in
existence and will speak for them?
It is now proposed, as we see in the
public prints, to make a deed to the
Opera House just erected in Bishop?
ville and donate the same for a Court
The public records in the Clerk's
Office at Sumter will show that there
is a 85,000.00 mortgage upon this Opera
House, and we learn that an addition?
al ?1,000.00 has since been borrowed to
A gift, burdened with 86,000.00 of
debt and which is doubtless the full
value of the property, is not in itself
an evidence of sincerity or good faith.
The tax payers of the new county,
if the same is established, may be
called upon in a few years to pay off
this mortgage by taxation of their
Besides, we saw in the newspapers
a few days ago that Judge Gary had
decided in the Sydney Park case in
Columbia as follows :
H "But property held by a city, as a
Public Park for the use of all its citi?
zens, cannot be taken for any other
public use without express legislative
So it would seem that Bishopville
has no authority to make a donation
of its Opera House to the new county,
even if she has the disposition to do
It is rumored that various other pre?
texts are being resorted to, For in
NEW BON MARCHE ?
LEND TTS TOUR EAR
That we may whisper into it something that we know will
make you feel happy :
OUR SIMPLE MESSAGE IS:
That the New Bou Marche, 259 King Street, Charleston, South Carolina, has decided to enlarge their business
and has selected your beautiful, wide-awake city, Sumter, South Carolina, to establish a Branch House of their im?
mense Charleston Establishment. Our facilities for buying largely and selling our goods at a living profit have placed
us in front rank in the
CU. I ll TO.Y IPR Y GOODS .11. IR ME T.
Determined to follow the same rule in Sumter, S. C., will soon place us in the confidence of Sumter Citizens and
Sumter County. All we ask is to give us a fair trial and we are safe of your support. We will open our doors on or
about the 5th of October, 1901, with a full and carefully selected Stock of Staple and Fancy Dry Goods.
Hoping that you will give us your liberal support and with the promises or rather
More Goods for same Money !
Same Goods for Less Money !
We are respectfully yours,
A. SHAHID & BROTHERS,
MAIN STREET, -_- - ? - SUMTER, S. C
5 CASES Fruit of the Loom Long Cloth at 6* cents.
1 CASE of Soft Finished Long Cloth at 4? cents the yard.
10 BALES Sea Island Homespun, 1, yd wide, at 4c the yard.
SPECIAL 500 dozen Handkerchiefs at 3c each, regular price 5c
500 dozen Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, extra good quality 5c
each, regular price 10 cents.
500 dozen Men's Handkerchiefs at 3 cents the piece.
500 dozen Men's Hemstitched Handkerchiefs at 4 cents each.
500 dozen Towels at 3 cents a piece.
500 dozen Towels extra large size at 4 cents each.
500 dozen colored bordered Union Towels at 10c, worth 15c.
EXTRA SPECIAL 250 dozen Ladies' and Children's Stock?
ings, extra heavy ribbed, at 9 c the pair.
SPECIAL OFFERINGS IN UNDERWEAR: 50 dozen Men's
Under Shirts, Fleece-lined at 38c each, worth 75c
A DRIVE-150 dozen Ladies' Ribbed Fleeced-Lined Under
Shirts at 15c, worth 25c.
A BARGAIN-5,000 Yards, 28 inches wide, Fast Colored
Percale at 6c, worth 10c ^
stance it is said that the people of
Spring Hill have been told that Bish
opville is not to be the county seat,
but that the same is to be located in
the centre of the new county, and that
it would likely be somewhere between
Ryttenberg's Plantation and Smith?
Again it is rumored that the advo?
cates of the new county are spreading
it abroad that Major Coker has 6200,
000.00 to spend on an effort to estab?
lish a new county with Hurtsville as
county seat, and therefore unless the
people voted in favor of Lee County,
they would have go to Hartsvilie as
the Court House.
Akin to this plan and in order to
frighten the people seems to have been
the alleged effort four years ago to
form Shiloh County. Since the defeat ]
of Lee County we have never heard j
or Shiloh County. This is significant, i
The question recurs. For whose
benefit is all this agitation?
Aside from the real estate owners in
Bishopville and certain politicians
who want public office, who is to
derive any advantage from the forma?
tion of the new county?
Is the public convenience to be pro?
moted? Just look at the situation a
A ride of an hour or two by rail, at
small cost and at great saving to men,
animals and vehicles, enables the peo?
ple of Bishopville and vicinity to at?
tend to all public business at the
Court House. The telegraph and the
telephone have annihilated distance.
The Rural Mail Delivery about to be
inaugurated precludes the necessity of
ever going to the Post Office.
In the "good old days" the people
came to the Court House to make their
tax returns and pay their annual
taxes. Now in most counties the
Auditor receives returns' and the
Treasurer collects taxes almost at the
doors of the citizens.
The people of Lynchburg and of
Shiloh are now in an hour's ride by
rail of the Court House.
In the new county they will have no
railroad connections with Bishopville.
but must ride eighteen to twenty-five
miles in their buggies and wagons.
The same is also true of the people
of Spring Hill Township. How then i
is the convenience of the public im?
proved? The pretext is preposterous ! '.
Indeed a prominent supporter of
the new county, residing in Bishop?
ville, is said to have recently remark?
ed, that owing to the rapid increase
of public utilities, the railroads, tele?
graph, telephone etc., that if they did
not secure the new county this time
they never would get it.
? So much for the convenience of the
Then as to the important question,
What will be the effect of establish?
ing a new county as to the public debt
i and taxation?
The Constitution requires that a
new county shall assume its just pro?
portion of the debts of the old coun?
Kershaw rCountv is now groaning
under a public d?btfcof 8100,000, of
bonds issued in aid of the 3 C's Rail?
Under the Constitution the new
conntv must assume and pav its just
share" of these $100,000.00" of bonds.
Sumter County owes a bonded debt
of 815,000.00, the new county must
assume a large part of this debt also.
The proposed Lee County will there?
fore start out with a heavy debt.
The condition of Darlington County
is not known to us.
Then, too, the public buildings must
be paid for.
A Court House and Jail must be
erected, and a Poor House and farm
must be provided.
The cost of a Court House, is con?
siderable. The Only one built in this
section in the past few years was at
Bennettsville, said to have cost be?
tween thirty and forty thousand dol?
See also the expense of roads and
The new county is traversed for
many miles by Lynch's River. Expen?
sive bridges and constant repairs will
Taxes must necessarily be high, and
the people cannot be deceived. The
petition for the new county only claims
some 81,700,000 of assessed values. The
present county of Sumter has about
80,000,000.00 of assessed values, and
yet taxes are entirely too high now.
How then in reason can a small
county with a small income sustain a
County Government and pay all of the
salaries, fixed charges and expenses
unless by heavy taxation. The thing
is impossible. Business men cannot
be deceived. The unthinking may be
aroused too late.
Again, the proposed new county is
an agricultural county. There is no
large accumulation of wealth at any
one point, and hence the small tax?
payer must bear the burden.
The only town in the new teritory is
Bishopville, with no aggregation of
wealth there. Its buildings and town
lots are assessed at only some $42,000. ~
We believe it now depends mainly
upon the dispensary for the means to
conduct its government.
The new county will therefore have
no municipal wealth to draw taxes
from and it has very little railroad
A small part of the W. C. & A. Rail?
road about Magnolia, and an incon?
siderable part of the C. S. A: X. Rail?
road is all that lies within the new ter?
What, then, we ask, will be left to
bear the burden of taxation? On the
other hand the City of Sumter with
its 6,000 inhabitants or thereabouts,
now pays about one fourth of the en?
tire taxes of the county. Its banks,
factories, mills and manufacturing es?
tablishments represent in the
aggregate a large wealth and large
taxable values. Its total assessed
values is some 81,500,000.
Tilt- railroads, which are heavy tax
payers and represent an enormous
wraith will remain in the old County
of Sumter and swell its taxable values.
The Southern Railroad, The Sumter
& Wateree Railroad, The North
Western Railroad, The Manchester
and Augusta Railroad, The Wilson
and Summerton Railroad, The Cen
tral Railroad, The Wilmington, Colum?
bia & Augusta Railroad, except a small
portion near Magnolia, and the Char?
leston, Sumter and Northern Rail?
road, except above St. Charles, will
all lie within the County of Sumter
and pay taxes only therein. The new
county will get none.
We repeat, therefore, that the new
county will practically have no pro?
perty to bear the burden of taxation
except the lands and live stock of its
The advocates of the new county
may undertake to deny the probabil?
ity of high taxes, but the facts are all
arrayed on the other side.
A new county at heavy cost and no
corresponding benefit is a doubtful
Another important consideration :
Many of the merchants of the new
connty and hundreds of its farmers
have for years depended for financial
aid upon the banks at the Court
House with their half million dollars
of capital, surplus and deposits. They
have been accustomed for years to
borrow money from these financial
institutions wherewith to conduct
their mercantile and planting opera?
We have understood that it is the
custom of banks, as a rule, not to lend
money outside of their county limits.
The reason is plain : they h&ve no
speedy means of consulting the public
records in other counties to obtain
the necessary information as to the
financial standing of their customers
and hence they refuse to make loans to
outside customers. Many country
merchants and farmers are therefore
likely to suffer inconvenience and loss
for want of financial accommodation.
Is there no county pride dwelling in
our people? Is there more than a hun?
dred years of the glorious history of
old Sumter District to be sacrificed at
Did not your heroic ancestors under
Generals Sumter and Marion drive the
British invader from its borders and
aid in achieving the independence of
our common country?
Are the survivors of the civil war,
the Confederate soldiers of Sumter
District, the men who fought side by
side in the Seventh Cavalry, in Gard?
ner's Battery, in the Sumter Greys,
the Sumter Volunteers, the Chicora
Rifles, the Claremont Troop, the
Claremont Rifles and many other
heroic commands: are they to sur?
render the proud record of the past,
desert their old county, and in their
old age become strangers to each oth?
Are the children and grand-chil?
dren of the dead Confederate heroes of
Sumter County to be told that if they
would learn of the fame of their illus?
trious ancestors who died for their
country that they must go into other
counties and search for their names
upon their monuments'.''
Must we surrender the proud record
of Sumter County made in the dark
days of 1876 when we threw off the
yoke of the alien and the negro and
resumed the government of our be?
Are these glorious memories to be
cast aside in the mad rush for gain-,
that a few real estate owners may
make money and a few office-seekers
obtain public office?
Is this to be a foretaste of Commer?
cial Democracy? Not unless the old !
County of Sumter is torn and dismem- j
bered to form two "Pocket Boroughs" j
possessing neither weight, influence
nor power in ;he affairs of State.
No ! a thousand times, no !
Then go to the polls and record your
solemn protest against the same.
I Another matter :
Those of yon who have been induced ?
to sign the petition are by no means
committed to the new county. Signing
the petitions meant only that the pub?
lic may be allowed an opportunity to
vote upon the proposed measure. All
fair-minded men are willing to g*'ve
their neighbors an opportunity to ex?
press their sentiments upon public
question at the ballot box. The bal?
lot, not the petition, is the method
provided by law for the} citizen tc
record his choice
Besides men have the right to
change their minds upon any question
upon learning the true condition sur?
rounding the proposition.
We therefora earnestly entreat you
to vote down this new county scheme,
for the third "ime, and, as we believe,
Your fellow citizen,
T. J. McCutchen, James M. Mathis,
E. Alexander, J. T. Green. S. J.
Hill, H. B. Skinner, Jno. M. Miller,
S. Liles Miller, J. D. Clark, J. A.
Hickson, J. E. McCoy, W. B. F,
McCoy, Jasper L. Horn, Henry V.
Anderson, G. W. Stokes, F. S. Potts,
L. Lane, P, Rodgers, E. J. Goodman,
L. W. Sessions, J. W. Hodge, C. W.
Durant, J. A. McLeod, E. E. Keels,
J. W. Wilson, G. W. Hawkins, C.
Tavlor, J. A. DuRant, Henry Y.
DuBose, M. D., R, C. WTactor, Jr., J.
P. Wilson, Jr., T. J. DuBose, L. L.
Fraser, Jas. E. Herriot, J. A.
McCutchen, H. T. Strange, E. G.
McCutchen, H. D. G. Williamson, S.
H. Colclough, L. M. King, W. A.
McNeill, W. W. Fraser, H. B.
Fraser, L. Lawrence Fraser, Jr., T.
D. DuBose, W. D. Fraser, W. T.
McLeod, Jr., W. E. Dick, C. Grav, J.
H. Gray, W. T. McLeod, J. W. Hug?
gins, E. B. Colclough, R. J. Yates,
W. B. Colclough, W. S'. Dinkins, and
The State of South Carolina,
I, Shepard Nash, Clerk of the Courts
of Common Pleas and General Sessions
for Sumter County do hereby certify
that there appears of record in my
office in Book No. 33 of the record of
mortgages of real estate at page 419, a
certain mortgage executed by the Town
of Bishopville to E. P. Rieker dated
l?th April, 1901, covering the lot of
land in the Town of Bishopville,
whereon the public buildings are locat?
ed and being composed of two parcels
bought by the Town of Bishopville
from J. M. Seigneous and Mrs. M. G.
Dennis, respectively: which mortgage
secured five bonds of said Town of
Bishopille, each for'one thousand dol?
lars, and each dated April l?th, 1901,
and??due and payable in one, two,,three,
four and five years time with interest
on each from the date thereof at 7 per
cent per annnm, payable annually.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto
affixed my hand and seal, this 7th day
of October, 1901.
Clerk of the Courts of Common Pleas
[L.S. ] and General Sessions for Sum?
Zt Happened in a Trug Store. .
';One day last winter a lady came to my
drug store and asked for a brand of cough
medicine that I did not have in stock,"
says Mr. C. R. Grandin, the popular drug?
gist of Ontario, N. Y. "She was disap?
pointed and wanted to know what prepa?
ration I could recommend. I said to her
that I could freely recommend Chamber?
lain's Cough Remedy and that she could
. .ike a bottle of the remedy and after giv?
ing it a fair trial if she did not find it
worth the money to bring back the bottle
and I would refund the price paid. In the
course of a day or two the lady came back
in company with a friend in need of a
cough medicine and advised her to buy a
bottle of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy.
I consider that a very good recommenda?
tion for the remedy." It is for sale by Dr.
A. J. China.
WALLACE 1$K OWS "WELCOME.
The Evening News of Evansville,
Ind., says: ''The announcement cf the
coming of Wallace strikes joy to the
hearts of every '?rchin and show-goer
in the city who has seen the Wallace
Shows, and who has not seen this
famous aggregation of entertaining
features? Practically everyone, for
Wallace has been here many times,
and his popularity has increased with
each visit. His show is undoubtedly
the greatest now traveling, and the
Evansville public always accord it a
The above statement is heard every
place where these shows exhibit. The
Great Wallace Shows will be in Sum?
ter on Saturday, October 12.
- M ? O . -?
A Compliment to the Sumter 6raded
Mr. Lee, teacher' of Reading in tbe>
public schools of St. Louis, Mo., was i
in the city last week and spent several
hours in the Sumter Graded School.
He afterwards told a gentleman that :
this is "the best ordered .school that ?
he has visited in the South." He is :
on a tour through the South, visiting,
the Public Schools.
- na i -
4iI wish to truthfully state to you and the
readers of these few lines that your Kodol
Dyspepsia Cure is without question, the
best and only cure for dyspepsia that I
have ever come in contact with and I have
used many other preparations. John
Beam. AVest Middlesex, Va." No prepara?
tion eq aals Kodol Dyspepsia Cure as it
contain.' all the natural digestaDts. It will
digest ail kinds of food and can't help but
do you good.-J. S. Hughson ?.t Co.
Change oTs hedule.
A change in the schedule of the
afternoon train from Columbia went
into effect Sunday. Hereafter the
train will arrive at 6.03 p. m. There
was no change in the time of arrival
of the morning train from Charleston.