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YELK SUMTES WATCHMAN, Established April. 1850?
Cesol Mated Aug. 2,1881.
"Be -Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and .Truth's."
SUMTER, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 23. 1901.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established .lune J 66
Sew Series-Vol. XXI. \<> 12
- Published S?ery *S7ed3iosflay5
KT. CSr. Osteeiij
SUMTER, S. C.
$1.50 per annum-in advance.
One Square first insertion.$1 00
Every subsequent insertion..... 50
Contracts for three months, or long?r wil
be made at reduced rates.
All communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as ad versements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
THE STATE'S PERSWERST"
Annual Pension Report Full of In?
teresting Facts and Sugges?
Comptroller General Derham has
just issued his annual Pension Report
to the General Assembly for the year
190L The report is quite an elaborate
piece of work and shows the number
of pensioners in South Carolina on the
roil by counties and classes.
Columbia, Sept. 14.
To the Honorable General Assembly :
fI submit herewith the annual pen?
sion report of this office for the year
Under the Act of the General As?
sembly 1900, the State board prepared
blank applications for the applicants,
and rales for the guidance of the
County pension boards. For the in?
formation of members of the county
boards in the State and others to
whom this report will be sent, I have
included the pension law and rules.
The Board, under the terms of the
Act, ruled that a Confederate soldier
or sailor, totally disabled by paralysis
and the cause of paralysis could not
be traced to such service. They also
construed the law that a soldier or
sailor, totally disabled by paralysis,
was entitled to a Classs A pension,
notwithstanding the fact that he re?
ceived no wound or bodily injuries in
services, and the cause of paralysis
could not be traced to such service.
They also construed the law that a
soldier who lost a limb in the ser?
vice of the State or Confederate
States, and is now a wreck physically,
could not be placed in Class A, but
was entitled to Class B, there being
nothing to show that his physical con?
dition was the result of injuries re
^eeived in service.
In some instances applicants were
blind, but where there was nothing to
show thatJheir loss of sight was the
result of wounds or injuries received
in service, thev were not placed in
It seems that under this law the un?
fortunate Confederate soldier who is
totally paralyzed is favored above an?
other unfortunate soldier who is totally
disabled, and yet unable to show that
his disability arises from injuries re?
ceived in the service of the State.
Whatever was the individual opinion
of the members composing the State
Pension Board, they endeavored in
very instance to be governed by the
law and evidence before them.
In this connection I desire to cali at?
tention to the condition liable to exist
in this State at an early date. The
establishment of a soldier's home by
the State may require for each inmate
of this home an annual expenditure of
$200. The inmate may be" a worthy,
decrepit soldier who did not receive
bodily injuries in the services of his
State. On the other hand, the State
will expend $19.60 for the soldier who
lost his leg and has been for 36 or more
years a cripple, and today is prac?
tically bed-ridden, who remains at
home to be cared for by an aged and
devoted wife, or friends. I believe
that the soldier in his home county,
with equal disabilities, is entitled to
the same consideration as the soldier
who is an occupant of the home at
the capital of the State.
I have no objection to make to the
soliders' home. I merely call atten?
tion to these facts, with the hope that
when an Act is passed creating a sol?
diers' home, it will be so safeguarded
that the small sum that the State of
South Carolina is able to spend for her
veterans will not be taken from the
needy pensioners and spent where at
best only a few can enjoy it.
At this time some very old and de?
crepit soldiers in this State who re?
ceived no injuries in the army, get
only $14.70, and from the standpoint
of equity and justice, to take one of
these men, place him in a soldiers'
home and spend $2,000 annually on
him, and leave another at his home
and give him only $14.70, savors of in?
equality, to say the least of it.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR PENSIONS
There was doubt as to whether
$100,000.00 or $150,000.00 was appro?
priated at the last session of the
General Assembly for pensions.
After consultation with the other
members of the State Pension Board.
I addressed a letter to the Attorney
General, setting forth the facts and
asking that he give an opinion as to
tbe amount of the appropriation. Be?
fore he answered this communication,
the State Treasurer expressed himself
as unwilling to honor my warrants for
the $150,000.00 on account of pensions,
even if the Attorney General was of
opinion that I should draw warrants
for that amount. The Attorney Gene?
ral under these circumstances declined
to give the opinion, and suggested
mandamus proceedings to settle the
question. It was argued before the
Supreme Court, which decided that
$100,000 was the amount appropriated
for 1901. I proceeded to disburse the
pension fund in accordance with that
decision and issued warrants on the
basis of $100,000.00.
I have endeavored to make this re?
port full by giving the names cf each
applicant, "with postoffice address, the
company and regiment in which he
served in the case of the soldier, and
the company and regiment of husband
in case of" the widow. Since com?
pleting this report, I find by compari?
son with the old records in the office,
that some widows in their application
for a pension, have given the company
and regiment of their husbands entire?
ly different from the company and
reigment given by the husband at
the time he applied for < a . pension,
: eight or ten years ago.
j When you consider that every name
in this report is the name of a pension?
er whose application was examined
?nd approved by the pension boara of
this county, it is not surprising that a
mistake or error that escaped them,
should not be detected by the State
Board. I hope all those interested
will furnish this department with in?
formation relative to pensioners that
will tend to correct any errors or
DISTRIBUTION OF PENSION
The following is the number of pen?
sioners in each class, the amount of
them and the total :
Class A, 36 ($96 each) S3,456.00
Class B, 200 ($19 60 each) 3,920.00
Class C, No. 1, 470 ($14.70
each) . 6,909.00
Class C. No. 2, 3,030 ($14.70
Class C, No. 3, 615 ($14.70
Class C, No. 4, 2,146 ($14.70
Total number of pension?
ers, 6,503, $99,500.90
I again call your attention to the
fact that in distributing this money a
soldier 60 years of age who was not
wounded or injured in service fares
the same as the wounded soldier, and
the widow whose husband was killed
in battle or died while in service, and
who has lost her husband within the
last two years.
I suggest that Class A. B, C, No. 1,
and Class C, No. 3, receive the full
amount of their pensions, that is $96,
$48 and $36 per annum, and the other
pensioners, the soldiers over 60 years
of age who were not wounded or injur?
ed in battle, and the widows of . those
who died since the war, share in the
balance of the appropriation pro rata.
The result of that, with our present
mil, and 150,000, would be as follows:
36 Classs A, $3,456.00
200 Class B, 9,600.00
470 Class C, No. 1 16,920.00
615 Class C, No. 3 22,140.00
Making a total of 1,321 $52,116.00
Leaving' $97,884 to be distributed
pro rata among the soldiers and widows
over 60 years old, Class C, No. 2,
3,036; Class C, No. 4, 5,146; total
number, $5,182-$18 each.
The first meeting of the State Board
occupied five days, the time* allowed by
law. For this they received $2" per"
diem and five cents per mile. At this
time we were not more than half
through with the work, and it was
necessary for them to return. The
second meeting occupied several days,
and for this additional service they
were paid an amount sufficient to cover
The members of the State Board
have individually and collectively ren?
dered me every assistance possible in
this work, not only at the regular
meetings, but at any and all times.
Capt. Starling, the resident member
of the Board, has come to my office
when requested, to ?confer and advise
with me on questions which have
arisen. In this way he has given to
the State several days' work for which
he received no compensation, and made
no charge for it.
Owing to the illness of Dr. Griffin
the surgeon of the State Pension
Board, Dr. L. K. Philpot was asked to
act in his place, and rendered service
to the Board, and very generously con?
tributed his per diem to the Confeder?
ate reunion in this city.
COPIES OF PENSION REPORT.
The public printer is authorized to
print only 600 copies of the Comptrol?
ler General's report, but in the case
of insurance, and it will doubtless be
the same with the pension report
1,000 copies were not more than enough
to supply the demand. I ask that you
make provision for the printing of
additional insurance and pension re?
ports. J. P. Derham,
Ex-Officio Chairman State Penison
-na ????.??? --
Mrs. Roosevelt has selected Miss
Isabel Hagner as her social secretary,
thus following the example of Mrs.
Levi P. Morton, who was the first
official hostess to employ a secretary.
Miss Hagner is the daughter of Dr.
Charles E. Hagner and a niece of
Judge A. B. Hagner of the Supreme
Court of the District of Columbia.
She has been in complete charge of
Mrs. Root's social correspondence for
the past two seasons, and also served
in a similar capacity for Miss Pauld
ing, Senator Depew's niece, Mrs.
Roosevelt is the first mistress of the
White House to employ a young woman
in this capacity^-Post.
Washington, Oct. 14.-Senator Frye
talked with the president today about
the ship subsidy bill. Mr. Frye has j
prepared a new bill, but says he will
not give it out until it is introduced
at the coming session. He says he
does not want it riddled now by hos?
tile critics, but is willing to receive
friendly suggestions. Senator Frye says
he believes that there is a" much
brighter prospect fora shipping bill at
the coming session than there was at
the last congress. The whole subject
was discussed with the president by
Senator Frye who remained at the
White House for luncheon.
E. A. Cudahy has withdrawn the re?
ward offered for Crane.
Over a thousand persons applied for
admittance to the execution of
McColl, Oct. 15.-While assisting a
negro with a mowing machine this
afternoon, Mr. J. P. Gibson had his j
right leg cut nearly in two below the
knee. Amputation will likely be
necessary. The negro was badly cut
Proctor's Knott's Rabbit Story.
Since the Sampson-Scbley contro?
versy has grown ?icute again there has
been considerable reference to Proctor
Knott's ''rabbit story" in connection
with the credit for the victory at San?
tiago. It is here reproduced :
Ex-Governor Proctor Knott and
John Yerkes were discussing the
claims of Sampson and Schley as to
the credit of smashing Cervera at San?
tiago. Mr. Yerkes took the ground
that all the honor of that memorable
conflict belonged to Admiral Sampson,
and was inclined to entirely ignore
Commodore Schley's part in the
The governor listened until his com?
panion had finished and then, with
that characteristic twinkle in his eye,
said: "My dear sir, it is exceedingly
gratifying to me to hear you take
the position you have in the matter.
It is like balm to my conscience and
settles a point that has worried me
many a day. I was walking through
the woods once with a boy friend of
mine when we saw a rabbit run into a
sinkhole. We stood around the hole
awhile ; then I told the boy to keep
watch while I went to get some fire to
smoke the rabbit out. When I return?
ed the boy had the rabbit. I took it
away from him, claiming that it be?
longed to me because I told -him to
catch it if it came out. That was over
50 years ago. and you are the first man
who has' agreed with me that the rab?
bit was mine. I feel now that I was
right in taking it, and my conscience
is at rest"
Mr. Yerkes looked solemn for a few
moments, then smiled a feeble smile
and changed the subject.
More Money for Navy.
Washington, Oct. 16.-The esti?
mates of the navy for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1903, were made pub?
lic at the navy department today. The
total amount is 893,910,984 against
$77,924,535 appropriated for the cur?
Secretary Long in speaking of the
estimates said that they were made
with a due regard fort he needs of the
navy, and intimated that they had
the approval of the administration.
He spoke of the increased cost of the
navy and said the building of a battle?
ship costing $5,000,000, was not the
end of its expense, as its maintenance
was very costly.
These estimates, he said, did not
cover any recommendations for increase
of the navy over that already authoriz?
ed, but it is more than likely the secre?
tary will recommend three new battle?
ships and two armored cruisers and a
number of small gunboats,. The new
estimated items for the Norfolk yard
aggregate $1,208,500, which includes
$350,000 for the purchase of land.
An estimate of $650,000 is made for
a plant for housing and storing torpedo
vessels at Pensacola.
The Goebelcide Trial.
Georgetown, Ky., Oct.* 16.-The
friends of Judge Cantrill, before whom
the second trial of Caleb Powers on
the charge of complicity in the Goeble
assassination is proceeding, are guard-.
ing him colsely, as it is reported that1
threats have been made against his
A large number of witnesses were
examined today, the most sensational
1&stiinony being given by Ike Hopkins
of Bell county, a new witness for the
commonwealth, who swore that he
asked Wharton Golden on the day
prior to the shooting of Goebel when
he could go home from Frankfort.
'' You wait, ' ' said Golden, ' ' Goebel
will be killed today. " He also said
he heard Henry Youtsey say: '"Goe?
bel is going to be killed and this
man," pointing to Dick Combs, 'will
do the work. I have given him $100
and 25 others have given him the same
On tross examination Hopkins said
he made his statement about what he ;
knew to Arthur Goebel in Covington,
Ky., last May. He admitted that he
had been arrested for murder, mali?
cious shooting and swindling the gov?
ernment. He is now a deputy sheriff.
A Gigantic Concern.
New York, Oct. 15.-The Journal
and Advertiser will say tomorrow:
"A new and gigantic industrial com?
bination which is to consolidate the
armor plate manufacture of this coun?
try, enter into the building of mer?
chant and war ships for the world's
trade and take over the large and
growing export trade of the United
States Steel corporation is about to be
organized by J. P. Morgan and his
The article then says that while no
official details are obtainable the pro?
ject will not only consolidate many
details of the steel business now sepa?
rated, but also serve to bring into
closer relationship these interests and
the great railroad interests controlled
by the Vanderbilts and the Pennsyl?
vania railroad. These interests are
also to be closely allied with if not
made a unit with large interests of
like character abroad and that the
new company is to be called the
Anglo-American Steel company. The
Journal and Advertiser article also
says that E. Gray of the United
States Steel corporation will be presi?
dent of the new concern.
Hungry Russians Riot.
London, Oct. 17.-The Lemberg
morning papers report bread riots at
Taraskova, eastern Russia, says a Vi?
enna correspondent of the Daily Mail.
In Samara, the starving peasants
stormed the municipal buildings and
the residences of wealthy persons, set?
ting some on fire. Troops were sum?
moned and 14 peasants were killed.
Similar riots, in which several per?
sons were killed, occurred at Ander
weska, where two landlords had been
murdered, and also at Pestrawka and
elsewhere in the same idstrict.
RETURNED TO HER OLD LOVE.
The Mills Come Again With the
Abolition of Slavery.
. D. A. Tompkins, of Charlotte, North
Carolina, recently made an interest?
ing speech before the New England
Cotton Manufacturers' Association
meeting at Buffalo, N. Y. He spoke
, Coming as I do from a section .far to
the southward of where most of you
live, yet in a section having a fair
membership in this association, it
would seem appropriate before enter?
ing upon the subject of my address for
me to express what I know is the
sentiment of all the southern members
of this association and Southern
people besides, the feelings of
our grief and sympathy with
you because of the iate national ca?
lamity. In the private life of all the
people in the South the regret and dis?
appointment for what befell President
McKinley cannot be measured in
words. I will read an extract from
a private letter written by my brother
at Edgefield, S. C., to me in connec?
tion with some passing business mat?
"I am overwhelmed with sorrow at
the death of President McKinley. He
was a good man, with a broad mind
and kind heart. He has espceially en?
deared himself to the South, both for
any want of bitterness, and by kind
acts and loving words, and he has earn?
ed for himself in that beautiful beyond
the reward, ' Blessed are the peace
! makers, for they shall be called the
children of God."
From my sister, who lives in Abbe?
ville, S. C., I had a letter also which
contained similar expressions. In
every phase of the private life and
work of our people there have been sad
hearts, deep feelings of sorrow for the
man whose life was sacrificed, and
solicitude for the future welfare of the
Government and the people.
The general sentiment seems to be
in strongly favoring repressive meas?
ures, and even severe punishment, to
puta stop to the growing spirit of
anarchy in this country. May we not
appropriately consider whether such
repressive measures and punishments
would accomplish all that we could
wish or be our full duty? Has it not
come to pass that we are all to some
extent, and the men of America in
particular, lax in our obligations to
advance Christian civilization with
that energy and sense of duty that our
parents and grandparents used to do?
ls not anarchy finding better opportu?
nity because the bulwark of Christian?
ity is not as strong as it used to be?
Can the punishment, even by death,
of one ignoble and unworthy man cure
or stop the progress of the redhanded
spirit of evil, anarchy? I conceive
that, in addition to ordinary punish?
ment, we all have binding duties to
join our mothers, wives and sisters in
the endeavor to keep alive the Chris?
tian spirit and with that overwhelm
the anarchistic spirit. I bring you
this greeting from your Southern mem?
bers on a subject that concerns us all
alike, and to express our realization
of the duties that are before us for the
common good of all our people.
Now . I proceed to the subject of
Southern cotton mills in the early
days of the Republic. The general sub?
ject of manufactures in the South is
not well understood. One of the fore?
most propositions of the founders of
the Republic was the establishment of
manufactures throughout the whole
of the then, United States. All the*
early Presidents, most of whom were
Southern men, were advocates of pro?
tection to new industries and of other
means to stimulate their establishment
and development. Under these in?
fluences manufactures in the South ad?
vanced for a long while, say, up to
1830, about parallel with the manufac?
turing development of New England
and the Middle States.
I have often had occasion to point
out that the census of 1810 shows the
manufactured products of Virginia,
the Carolinas and Georgia equal in j
quantity and value to those of all the
New England States combined. The
influences that gradually changed this
condition was slavery. As slavery
grew and became stronger in the South
manufactures grew less and the factor?
ies almost disappeared. In the Pied?
mont region of North Carolina, in
which I live it is surprising to learn
what a development there was there
about 1810. At numerous water
powers iron works were in full opera?
tion, some of them on what was then
a very large scale. Iron mines and
blast furnaces were in operation at
many, many points on the mountain
sides. The cotton mills now in opera?
tion at Henrietta, Clifton, Cherokee
Falls, High Shoal and many other1
places occupy the sits of former roll?
ing mills. The water power canals at
the mills were dug more than a hun?
dred years ago by iron companies. At
High" Shoal, when the present mill
was begun only a few years ago, it was
necessary to destroy with dynamite a
number of brick stacks that had been
formerly used in connection with cat?
lin forges, and very lately, in an addi?
tional excavation, a large housing of a
former rolling mill was found. At
this point, some seventy-five years
ago. varied products in iron were
made, including bars, ploughshares,
nails, special iron to make rifles, hol?
lowware, pots, ovens and other uten?
sils for cooking.
There were throughout this region
shops and factories for the manufac?
ture of wagons, carriages, blankets,
jeans, hats, furniture, cotton goods
and other goods.
Among the early cotton mills of the
South was one built by Michael
Schenck on Mill Branch, abont two
miles from Lincolnton, X. C. It was
run by waterpower and was erected
in 1813. The machinery was built
at a shop in Lincoln ton, N. C. Thc
first, lot. of machinery was built by
David Warilck, who was a good
mechanic and a brother-in-law of
Schenck. A second lot of machin?
ery was built in 1816 by Michael Bean
in"a shop which he operated at Lin
cointon. The contract for this lot of
machinery is still in existence and the
following is a copy:
Articles of agreement made and en?
tered into this 27th day of April, 1816,
between Michael Sche'nck and Absa?
lom Warliek, of the county of Lincoln
and State of North Carolina, of the
one part, and Micahel Bean, of the
county and State foresaid, of the
other part, Witnesseth : That the said
Michael Bean obliges himself to build
for the said Schenck and Warliek,
?within twrelve months from this date,
a spinning machine with one hundred
and forty-four fliers, with three sets
of fluted rollers, the back set to be of
wood, the other two sets to be iron;
the machine to be made in two frames,
with two sets of wheels ; one carding
machine, with two sets of saws and
two ropings, each to be one foot wide,
with a picking machine to be attached
to it, with as many saws as may be
necessary to feed the carding ma?
chine: one rolling (or roping?) with
four heads. All the above machinery
to be completed in a workmanlike
manner. And the said Bean is to
board himself and find all the mate?
rials for the machine and set the ma?
chinery going on a branch of Ab War
lick's land below where the old ma?
chine stood ; the Said Schenck and
Warliek are to have the house for the
machine and the running gears made
at their expense; but the said Bean
is to fix the whole machinery above
described thereto; the wooden cans
for the roping and spinning and the
reel to be famished by said Schenck
and Warliek ; all the straps and bands
necessary for the machinery to be
furnished by said Schenck and War
lick. In consideration of which the
said Schenck and Warliek are to pay
the said Bean the sum of thirteen
hundred dollars, as follows, to wit:
Three hundred dollars three months
from this date, one hundred dollars six
months from this date, and the
balance of the thirteen hundred dol?
lars to be paid to the said M. Bean
within twelve months after said ma?
chine is started to spinning. In testi?
mony whereof we have hereto set our
hands and seals the day and year
Absalom Warliek, (Seal,)
Michael Schenck, )Seal. )
Michael Bean, (Seal.)
Test: Robt. H. Burton."
The descendants of this same
Michael Schenck are now extensively
and successfully in the mill business
in North Carolina. There was an
interim, when slavery was supreme,
when probably all the members of this
family were planters and not manufac?
turers, but on the abolition of slavery
! and the re-esi;ablishment of conditions
favorable to manufactures those having
most of the inherited taste found it
easy to take up a business for which
there was in i;heir bones an inherited
capability. As it was with this fac?
tory so it was with many others.
A family of Bates had extensive cot?
ton milling ir terests near Greenville,
S. C., Col. H. P. Hammet and after
him Col. Orr, of Piedmont, have in
their families the inherited taste and
capabilities ol these people. I could
cite numerous instances to show that
the facility with which manufactures
are established and developed in the
South by nati ve people is bu,t a revival
of what the ancestors of these same
The assistance of New England in
helping to bring the rusty talents and
skill up to date has been invaluable.
I wish to call attention to the fact
that we have now re-established the
growth of manufactures in the United
States on the basis made by the foun?
ders of this nation and its early rulers,
that is, throughout the entire country
alike where conditions are favorable.
The most favorable locations for spin?
ning and weaving seems to be a sec?
tion in New England and 'New York
State, another section in the Middle
States, (about Philadelphia and Balti?
more, } and still another in the Pied?
mont region of the South. In most of
this territory the soil is not very fertile
and, therefore, farming is not attrac?
tive. Neither are there other interests
like iron or coal or commerce at hand
to disturb the regularity or economy
of the labor mrket. Regular work and
economy are the prerequisites of cot?
ton manufacture, especially of coarse
or standard goods.
This kinship of occupation and con?
ditions naturally makes for in common
interests. We are so similarly situated
as to make operation for our common
interests of the utmost importance to
us all. The new conditions in the
South are but a repetition of old con?
ditions. The new conditions are un?
doubtedly permanent. Slavery is gone
forever. " Therefore our factories will,
this time, stay with us, In this situa- j
tion the North and South are no com-1
Petitors, but have the common inter?
est to find markets for our surplus
goods.. If we find these markets
there is more than enough profitable
work for the factories of all the tex
itle area in New England, the Middle
States and the South. If in con?
troversy we fail to co-operate to get j
these markets we will not have busi?
ness enough for any one of the sec?
Johann Most, "he anarchist, has been
sentenced to one year in the peniten?
tiary for sedition.
Is made with
ing Powder, i
sweet, pure &
Inoidsniial Fees Cannot Bs Charged.
Opinion of Much Importance fay
Assistant Attorney General.
Columbia, Oct, 16.-Assistant Attor?
ney General Gunter yesterday ha oded
the State Superintendent of education
an opinion of far reaching importance.
Under this opinion the law of the
State forbids school districts to charge
pupils incidental fees going to make up
tuition fees which, they cannot legally
charge. It will affect many a public
school in the State whose resources
have thus been most materially added
to from time to time.. .
This opinion has no bearing upon
the decision of the supreme court ren?
dered some time ago, in the Rock Hill
case, which allowed the charging of
such fees in schools. In that case the
schools were chartered, and the charter
gave the right to charge supplemental
and incidental fees. t
Mr. Gunter's opinion reads as"
Dear Sir: Your request to be ad?
vised upon the following question :
''Can a board of trustees of a free
school charge an incidental fee or im?
pose any other kind of cost as a pre?
requisite to the entrance of scholars to
the public schools?"
I am of the opinion that the boards
can impose no such charges. The board
of trustees being of statutory construe-'
tion can have no authority except such
as granted by statute. Boards of trus?
tees are created under a general school
law. This law provides for the com?
plete free school scheme of the State,
and is entitled " an act to declare the
free school law cf the State," approved
March 3, 1896. The title as well as
the body of the act denotes the inten
tion of the general assembly to give
the people a free school. Not only free
in name but free in fact.
After a careful perusal of every sec?
tion of the act I have been unable to
find any auhority ,eitehr direct or im?
plied to impose the fee referred to.
It is true that the board of trustees
are charged with the management of
the free schools of their respective
districts, and are given auhority to
act "so as best to promote the educa?
tional intreests of thier district" But
this does not apply to the financial
resources of the district. That feature
is left to the tax collecting and tax
disbursing machinery. The trustees
are given authority to distribute and
expend the school funds of a dsitriet
for the best interests of the district.
There can,, therefore, be no excuse
to attempt to raise funds for any inci?
dental purpose by an incdential fee
for the whole sum raised by taxation
is available for any educational pul?
If a board of trustees can impose
small fee they could likewise impose
a large fee, thereby making atten"
ance impossible, and thus thwartin,
the object of a free school law. This
conclusion has, of course, no reference
to schools operating under special
charters or special legislation, where?
in authority is given to charge fees or
tuition, teh supreme court having re
cntely sustained such- a power. The
cases passed upon by the supreme
court have no bearing upon schools
operated under the general free school
law of the State.
Big Telephone Fight.
New York, Oct, 15.-Charles W.
Morse, formerly the "Ice King" of
this city, and nowa millionaire bank?
er and ally of the Standard Oil Mag?
nates effected the organization yester?
day of his recently purchased Tele?
graph, Telephone & Cable Company of
America, and from now on a most
vigorous war will be waged to break
up the Bell telephone monopoly.
The Telegraph, Telephone & Ca?
ble Companv of America is capital?
ized at 830,000,000.
Mr. Morse bought out more than a
two-third interest in the -company
about a month ago, paying for the
stock 50 per cent of the sum which
each stockholder had paid in.
The American Association of Gene?
ral Passenger and Ticket Agents, in
session in Asheville, N. C., will wage
war against ticket scalping.
Hon. Samuel B. Spencer, ex-mayor
of Atalnta, died of paralysis on Tues?
Strikers have attacked the employes
of the Providence Co's, mines in
Webster Co., Kentucky.
The examination of witnesses has
begun in the Powers-Goebel trial.
New York, Oct. 15.-The Duke de
Alba died in this city today from in?
fluenza. The duke was one of the
highest grandees of Spain. He came
here to see the yacht races.
Gai lon, O., Oct. 15.-The vault of
the Farmer's and Citizen's bank at
Trio, a small town near here, was
wrecked early this .morning by six rob?
bers, who secured the contents and es?
caped. It is said the vault contained
S40,000. The cracksmen used nitro?
glycerine. The doors of the vault were
blown completely off and the buildings
\1 ways light,