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FHB SUMTES WATCEUAK, Established April, is50. t43e Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's andfiTruth's." THE TRUE SOCTHBOS. Established Jr>ne 1 66
CosoJidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 26. 1908. New Series-Yoi. XXL ? o. 30
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SUMTER, S. C.
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ROOSEVELT Ott SCHLEPS APPEAL.
A Dispassionate Review of Case
-Sampson's Charges Against
Schley Refute Themselves.
SCHLEY ERRED IN THE LOOP ; NEI?
THER WON 6LORY.
Washington, Feb. 19.-The follow?
ing, in part, is President Roosevelt's
memorancfrtm upon the appeal of Admi?
"It appears that the court of inquiry
was unanimous in its findings of fact
and unanimous in its expressions of
opinion on most of its findings in fact.
Xo appeal is made to me from the
verdict of the court on these points
where it was unanimous. I have,
however, gone carefully over the evi?
dence on these points also. I am satis?
fied that on the whole the court did
substantial justice. It should have
specifically condemned the failure to
enforce an efficient night blockade at
Santiago while Admiral Schley was in
command. On the other hand, I feel
that there is a reasonable doubt wheth?
er he did not move his squadron with
sufficient expedition from port to
The court is a unit in condemning
Admiral Schley's action on the point
where it seems to me he most gravely
erred; (his retrograde- movement)
when be abandoned the blockade, and
his disobedience of orders and mis?
statement of facts in relation thereto.
It should be remembered, however,
that the majority of these actions
which the court censures occurrred
five weeks or more before the fight
itself; and it certainly seems that if
Admiral Schley's actions were censur?
able he should not have been left as
second in command under Admiral
Sampson. His offenses were in effect
condoned when he was not called to
account for them. Admiral Sampson,
after the fight, in an official letter to
the department alluded for the first
time to Admiral Schley's * reprehensi?
ble conduct, six weeks previously. If
Admiral Schley was guilty of repre?
hensible conduct of a kind which call?
ed for such notice from Admiral Samp?
son, then Admiral Sampson ought not
to have left him as senior officer cf the
blockading squadron on the 3d of July,
when he (Sampson) steamed away on
his proper errand of communication
with Gen. Shafter.
"We can therefore for our purposes
dismiss consideration of so much of
the appeal as relates to anything except
the battle. As regards this, the point
raised in the appeal is between Admi?
ral Sampson aDd Admiral Schley, as
to which was in command, and as to
"which was entitled to the credit, if
either of them was really entitled to
any unusual preeminent credit by any
special exhibition of genius, skill and
"The appeal of Admiral Schley to
me is not, as to this, the chief point
he raises, really an appeal from the
decision of the court of inquiry. Five
sixths of the appeal is devoted to this
question of command and credit : that
is to matter which the court of inquiry
did not consider. It is in effect an
appeal from the aetion of President
McKinley, three years ago when he
sent in the recommendations for pro?
motion for the various officers connect?
ed with the Santiago squadron, basing
these recommendations apon his esti?
mate of the credit to which the officers
were respectively entitled. What I
have to decide therefore, is whether or
not President McKinley did injustice
in the matter. This necessarily
iovolves a comparison of the actions
of the different commanders engaged.*'
The president quotes statements
from Admirals Philip, Evans and Tay?
lor, Capt. Clark and Commander
Wainwright 8S to Sampson's part in
the battle and the extent of Schley's
command. The president then refers
to the hits inflicted by the American
fleet upon the Spanish vessels, saying
that out of 40, ll were made by shells
from the Iowa and 10 by shells from
the Brooklyn. He briefly describes the
battle and then goes on to say:
"We have just cause to be proad of
the vigilance and instant readiness
our ships displayed, and. the workman?
like efficiency with _ which they were
Dandled. The most striking act was
that of the Gloucester, a converted
yacht, which her commander, Wain
right, pushed into the fight through
a hail of projectiles, any one of which
woald have sunk her, in order that he
might do his part in destroying the
two torpedo boats, each possessing
some more than his own offensive
"The question of command is in this
case nominal and technical. Admiral
Sampson's ship, New York, was seen
at the outset of the fight from all the
other ships except the Brooklyn. Four
of these five ship captains have testi?
fied that they regarded him as present
and in command. He signaled close
in' to the fleet as soon as the first
Spanish ship appeared but his signal
was not seen by any American vessel.
He was actually under fire from the
forts and himself fierd a couple of shots
at the close of the action with the
torpedo boats in addition to signalling
just at the close ol' the action. But
during the action tot a single order
from him was received by any of the
ships that were actively engaged.
4' Admiral Schley at the outset of
the action hoisted the two signals of
'clear ship' and 'close in' which were
simply carrying out the standing
orders of Admiral Sampson as to what
should be done if the enemy's ships
attempted to break ont of the harbor.
Until after the close of the first por?
tion of the fight at the month of the
harbor and until after he had made
his loop and the Spanish ships were
fleeing to the westward not another
Amreican ship noticed a signal from
him. When the western pursuit had
begun the Oregon and the Oregon only
noticed and repeated one of his signals
of command. The captain of the
Oregon then regarded him as in com?
mand but did not in any shape or way
execute any movement or any action
of any kind whatsoever in accordance
with any order from him.
"In short the question as to which
of the two men Admiral Sampson or
Admiral Schley was at the time in
command is of merely nominal charac?
ter. Technically Sampson commanded
the fleet and Schley as usual the west?
ern division. The actual fact, the im?
portant fact, is that after the battle was
joined not a helm was shifted not a
gnn was fired not a pound of steam was
put on in the engine room aboard of
any ship actively engaged in obedience
to the order of either Sampson or
Schley save on their own vessels. It
was a captain's fight.
"Therefore the credit to which each
of the two is entitled rests on matters
i apart from the claim of nominal com?
mand over the squadron : for so far as
the actual fight was concerned neither
one or the other in fact exercised any
command. Sampson was hardly more
than technically in the fight. T?is real
claim for credit rests upon his work
as commander-in-chief ; upon the ex?
cellence of the blockade ; upon the pre?
paredness of the squadron : upon the
arm of the ships head on in a semi?
circle around the harbor; and the
standing orders in accordance with
which they instantly moved to the at?
tack of the Spaniards when the latter
appeared. For all these things the
credit is his.
"Admiral Schley is rightly entitled
-as is Capt. Cook-to the credit of
what the Brooklyn did in the fight.
On the whole she did well : but I agree
with the unanimous findings of tho
three admirals who composed the court
of inquiry as to the "loop." It serious?
ly marred the Brooklyn's otherwise
excellent record being in fact the one
grave mistake made by any American
ship that day. Had the Brooklyn
turned to the westward that is in the
same direction that the Spanish ships
were going instead of in the contrary
direction she would undoubtedly have
been in more "dangerous proximity"
to them. But it would have been
more dangerous for them as well as
for her? This kind of danger must not
be too nicely weighed by those whose
trade it is to dare greatly for the
honor of the flag. Morever the dan?
ger as certainly not as great as that
which in the selfsame moment menaced
Wainwright's fragile craft as he drove
forward against the foe. It was not in
my judgment as great as the danger
.to which the T?xas was exposed by
the turn as actually made. It certain?
ly caused both the Brooklyn and the
Texas materially to lose position com?
pared to the fleeing Spainsh vessels.
But after the loop had once been taken
Adimrai Schley handled the Brooklyn
manfully and well. She and the Ore?
gon were thenceforth the headmost of
the American vesse?s-though the
Iowa certainly and seemingly the
Texas also did as much in hammering
to a standstill the Yiscaya, Oquendo
and the Teresa: while the Indiana
did all her eastward position and crip?
pled machinery permitted. In the
chase of the Colon the Brooklyn and
Oregon share the credit between them.
"Under such circumstances it seems
to me that the recommendations of
President McKinley were eminently
proper and that so far as Admirals
Sampson and Schley were concerned
it would have been unjust for him to
have made other recommendations.
Personally I feel that in view of Capt.
Clark's long voyageMn the Oregon and
the condition in which he brought her
to the scene of service as well as the
way in which fae actually managed her
before and during the fight it would
have been well to have given him the
same advancement that was given
Wainwright . But waiving this, it is
evident that Wainwright was entitled
to receive more than any of the other :
commanders: and that it was just to
I Admiral Sampson that he should re
I ceive a greater advance in numbers
than Admiral Schley-there was noth?
ing done in the battle that warranted
any unusual reward for either. In
short, as regards Admirals Sampson
and Schley I find that President Mc?
Kinley did substantial justice, and
chat there would be no warrant for
reversing his action.
"Both Admiral Sampson and Admi?
ral Sc1 ley are now on the retired list.
In concluding their report the mem?
bers of the court of inquiry, Admirals
Dewey, Benham and Ramsay, unite
in stating that they recommend that
no further action be had in the mat?
ter. With this recommendation I
most heartily concur. There is no
excuse whatever from either side for
any further agitation of this unhappy
controversy. To keep it alive would
merely do damage to the navy and to
He Kept His Leg.
Twelve years ago J. W. Sullivan, of
Hartford, Conn., stratched bis leg with a
rusty wire. Inflammation and blood
poisoning set in. For two years he suffer?
ed intensely. Then the best doctors urged
amputation, "but," he writes, "I used one
bottle of Electric Bitters and 1 1-2 boxes
of Bucklen's Arnica Salve and my leg was
sound and well as ever." For Emptions,
Eczema. Tetter, Salt Rheum. Sores and all
blood disorders Electric Bitters has no
rival on earth. Try them. J F W DeLormc
will guarantee satisfaction or refund
money. Only 50 cents. 4
OUR FQREIEN TRADE IS LESS.
An Official Report From Secre?
tary of State's Office.
Washington, Feb. 18.--The import?
ant document entitled "Review of the
Foreign Commerce of the United
States in 1901," showing the pace at
which this country ran during the last
calendar year in the great race for
supremacy in trade in the world's
markets, has been made public by
Frederick Emory, chief of the bureau
of foreign commerce of the State de?
It is stated that the commercial re?
ports of our diplomatic and consular
officers last year record continued
growth rn the sales of many lines of
manufactures from the United States
in foreign markets and the increase of
the general concern throughout Europe
as to the possible results of our indus?
trial competition. Although the figures
of our exports compiled by the treas?
ury department show a considerable
falling off in the total value of manu?
factured goods sent abroad, it is stated
there, seems to be steady and uninter?
rupted spread in the popularity of
what may be termed American " novel?
ties" all over Europe. In other
words, while the aggregate of our ex?
ports of manufactured goods has
shrunk, the variety of our sales in
Europe is being extended and the ter?
ritory upon which they are encroach?
ing is steadily being enlarged.
The falling off in American exports
5s attributed, not to the goods being
in less favor, but rather to business
depression in Europe, affecting the
purchasing power. The elimination
of Hawaii and Porto Rico from the
list of countries to which we export is
also a factor. The treasury figures
show that during the calendar year
there was a falling off of $12,565,194,
compared with the previous year
.manufactures falling off 846,262,912.
but being offset by a gain in agricul?
tural exports of 835,591,077. ' Mr.
Emory says it is evident that "the
American invasion" of Europe b"s
ceased for the time being to be of that
sweeping character that distinguished
it at first as an economic phenomenon.
He recalls what was said in the Review
a year ago of the danger of more stren
! nous European competition, the use of
: new processes and our own models of
machinery, but he says that Europe
has not made any sensible progress in
that direction. As to restrictive legis
latioon pending measures in Europe
might be abandoned, says the Review,
if the United States modified its tariff
policy and permitted more imports
from Europe. On the whole Mr.
Emory finds that we have hardly more
than entered upon a novitiate in
fitting ourselves for international com?
petition, and he notes with encourage?
ment the growth of popular interest
in the Taine of foreign trade and well
directed efforts for expansion.
Fire In Newberry.
Columbia, Feb. 18.-News was re?
ceived today of the partial destruction
of the office of the Herald and News,
of Newberry, owned and edited by Mr.
E. H. Aull, private secretary to the
Governor. A telergam received from
Mr. Aull states that the loss was not
as severe as at first thought and is
fully covered by insurnce.
it ls a State Secret.
Washington, February 18.-The Post
will say tomorrow that because of a
report in circulation here that Lord
i Pauncefote did not draft the note of
April 14, 1898, submitted by him to
the foreign ambassadors as a final
effort to avert war between the United
States and Spain, and that the note
! had been framed at the State depart?
ment and forwarded thence to Lord
Pauncefote for submission to the
diplomatic corps in Washington, it
telegraphed Judge Day, who then was
Secretary of State, to learn what he
might have to say on the subject. The
telegram to Judge Day was as follows:
"Statements is made here that
Pauncefote note of April 14, 1S98, was
drawn by you in State department.
Is this correct?"
The following reply was received:
"Canton. Ohio. February 18.-The
Post Washington : Impossible to reply
to indefinite statement of vour
telegram. "W. R, Day.""
The Supreme Court of Georgia held,
in the recent case of Tucker vs, !
Murphy, that where a partnership is |
dissolved by the purchase hy one part?
ner of the interest of another, and the
contract of dissolution provides that
the purchasing partner shall pay the
debts of the firm, the outgoing partner
is entitled to bring suit against the
purchasing partner as soon as he fails
to pay any of the matured debts of the
firm, and that in such a case the out?
going partner is not entitled to an !in
junction to restrain the purchasing
partner from selling or incumbering
ins property, even though he may be
about to remove or may be causing his
property to be removed beyond the
limits of the state, or is fraudulent by
disposing of the ?ame for the purpose
of defeating the payment of the debts
of the firm, but that the remedy in
such a case is either by attachment or
by writ of ne exeat, according to the j
circumstances of the case. Brddstreets.
Thousands Sent Into Exile.
Every year a large number of poor suf?
ferers whose lungs are sore and nicked
with coughs are urged to go to another
climate. But this is costly and not al?
ways sure. Don't be an exile when Dr.
King's New Discovery for Consumption
will cure you at home. Ifs the most
infallible medicine for Coughs, ('olds and
all Throat and Lung diseases on earth.
The first dose brings relief. Astounding
cures result from persistent use. Trial
bottles free at J F W DeLorme. Price 50c
and $1.00. Every bottle guaranted. 4
BIG FLY WHEEL BURSTS.
An Accident in Spartanburg That
Will Probably Cost Three Lives.
Special to The State.
Spartanburg, Feb. 19.-Tonight at
ll o'clock at the power house of the
Spartanburg Railway, Gas and Electric
Power Company, a terrible accident
happened as a result of which the three
persons in the building were danger?
ously and perhaps fatally injured. The
flywheel of the larger engine which
runs the trolley cars burst, destroying
the engine and generator.
Laurens Wilson, night ?ngineer, was
fearfully hurt. His right leg was cut
off below the knee and his right arm
and side mangled. Hope of his recov?
ery is &i ven up.
Robert Sample, colored, night fire?
man, was killed.
T. R. Pike, white, who has charge
of the gas house just by the power
house, in the building, was seriously
The roof of the building was torn off
and the windows smashed.
. ^ The best medical attention is wait?
ing on the injured people, and at 12
.o'clock tonight doctors hold no hopes
'for their recovery.
--m ? -
Silk Growing on Farms.
In connection with the Charleston
Exposition a movement has been start?
ed to organize an association of those
interested in reviving silk culture in
South Carolina. In Colonial days the
Huguenots carried silk worms to
South Carolina and instituted a pro?
ductive industry. As late as 1840 silk
was produced in the State to the
extent of 75,000 pounds, but in 1890 ]
there was practically no American
grown silk.* The proposition to revive
it is sensible and attractive. The soil
and climatic conditions of many sec?
tions of South Carolina are identical
v ith those of the silk growing districts
of Northern France and Italy, but ten
vears of observation in the United
States, from 1880 to 1890, have shown
that the slk worm and its plant foods
are hardy all over the country, and
'that a first-class quality of silk can be
produced in any part of it. The work
of tending silk worms is easy, interest?
ing and pleasant, and especially com?
mends itself to women, who can engage
in it without interference with their
regular occupations and add a gratify?
ing sum to the family income. Many
acres of waste lands could be planted
with the mulberry trees for silk worm
growing, and, while the men of the
family pursue the heavier work of
farming, the women, children and
enfeebled men could be engaged in the
lighter and far more profitable work
of making silk, thus doubling the
income from the farms, in 1890 there
were 13,000,000 pounds of silk import?
ed into the United States. Why should
not some of the benefit of such an
industry go to the women on the farms
of America? South Carolina is pre?
paring to make a start, but women
elsewhere should be ready to follow. -
The Boers' Hopes Raised.
Washington, February 18.-Repre?
sentative Cochran, of Missouri, two
weeks ago introduced a resolution in?
viting Paul Kruger to visit the United
States as the guest of this country.
Yesterday Mr. Cochran received a let?
ter, signed by three members of the
Boer delegation quartered a Brussels,
thanking him and all who are support?
ing his efforts for the noble interest
they are taking in the two Boer repub?
The letter in closing appeals "to
heroic and generous America" to
intervene in behalf of the Boers, and
"'Since England will not permit
friendly intervention invite her to a
congress of the nations and see wheth?
er such a congress called in the inter?
est of peace will be ignored. England
would not dare < to refuse to attend
such a Congress'if called by the Uni?
ted States and participated in by four
or five of the great Powers."
Don't Let Them Sutler.
Often children are tortured with itching
and burning eczema and other skin dis?
eases but Bucklen's Arnica Salve heals the
raw sores, expels inflammation, leaves the
skin without a scar. Clean, fragrant,
cheap, there's no salve on earth as good.
Try it. Cure guaranteed. Only 25c at
J F W DeLorme. 4
McLaurin, the newly fledged repub
I i lean, spoke on Lincoln Day at Chi?
cago. He said he "was the greatest
i man this nation has produced since
1776." Curious! And yet Lincoln was
southern born, as were Farragut and
Thomas, the really two greatest heroes
of the north in the tremendous con?
flict. But McLaurin has no scales big
enough with which to weigh the
greatest man since 177G. He is not
capable of estimating Robert E. Lee
and others. Lincoln is a northern
idol, just as John Brown was of the
New England rhapsodists, song writ?
ers and speech makers.--Wilmington,
N. C., Messenger.
Don't Let Them buffer.
Often children arc tortured with itching
mid burning eczema and other skin dis?
eases but Bucklen's Arntca Salve heals the
raw sores, expels inflammation, leaves the
skin without a scar. Clean, fragrant,
chead, there's no salve on earth as g<;od.
Try it. Cure guaranteed. Ouly 25c at J
F W DeLorme's. 4
A Boston doctor, who sneered at
vaccination as a preventive against!
smallpox, which wasn't contagious
anyhow, said he would prove it, went
into a pesthouse where there were
several well defined cases and soon
went to bed with a robust attack.
His theory didn't work out, but the
h BLOW ?O THE TRUSTS.
Effect of a Presidential Order On
New York, February 20.-The an
noncnement by the Attorney General
of the United States that he believed
the Northern Securities Company in?
fringed the anti-trnst law and that he
would file a bill in equity in the Su?
preme Court, in accordance " with in?
structions from the President, to test
the question, overshadowed all other
considerations in the stock market to?
day. The acute interest manifested
in this company by all speculators and
indeed all holders of securities was
vividly demnstrated by the effect in
the stock market and was the more
notable since Great Northern preferred
is the only stock remaining listed on
the Stock Exchange which is directly
included in the .Securities Company.
Yet the whole market fell away sharp?
ly under heavy liquidiation, with only
a few unimportant exceptions. The
stocks of the trans-continental com?
panies were naturally most affected,
as the formation of the Northern
Securities Company represented an
effort to harmonize conflicting inter?
ests in that field. Great Northern pre?
ferred lost 6*4, Northwestern 1%;
Rock Island 5%: St. Paul 3%: Union
Pacific 3}^. and Southern Pacific 2%.
Elsewhere in the list losses generally
ran from 1 to 3 points and consider?
ably over that in many exceptional
cases. On the curb Northern Securi?
ties, when issue, dropped over 3
points. The direct concern of such a
variously assorted lot of securities in
the welfare of the Northern Securities
Compnay is not very obvious, but the
average speculator in stocks, and
especially the professional trader, is
deeply imbued with the conviction
that all his woes are the outgrowth
of the conflict for Northern Pacific
control last year, and that it is only
necessary for the readjustment to be
made of the situation precipitated at
that time for the stock market to
resume all the buoyancy and specula?
tive furor that was interrupted by the
May panic. For some time there has
been a deep-rooted conviction amongst
the speculators that the Supreme
Court was to throw out of Court Min?
nesota's suit against the legality of the
Northern Securities Company. This
morning's announcement from "Wash?
ington was a rude shock to the optim?
istic sentiment that has been carefully
nurtured in the financial district. The
selling movement swelled the dimen?
sions of the trading during the first
hour to a volume equal to a full day's
business during the recent past. Prices
declined sharply, and the market
looked semi- demoralized. Wherever
prices had been moved up recently on
the presumption that plans were in
prospect for combinations of existing
properties along the lines of the North?
ern Securities Company the effect was
especially marked, as in some of the
coalers and the Gould Southwesterns.
The early excitement was succeeded
by comparative quiet. Liquidation
proceeded, but in a more orderly man?
ner. Buying for support occasionally
rallied the market, but it was discon?
tinued at recoveries and the sagging
tendency revived. This course was
continued up to the close, which was
active and easy, but not at thc lowest
for any present stock.
There was enormous selling of some
of the speculative bonds, especially the
Wabash debenture B's, Baltimore and
Ohio convertibles, Union Pacific con?
vertibles and Consolidated Tobacco 4's,
which fell from 1 to 2 points at one
time. In the general bond list there
was no pressure of liquidation, al?
though slight declines were, the rule.
Total sales, par value, 85,720,000.
United States 2's advanced the
refunding 2's %, the 3's % and the
old 4's Per cent on tne last call.
Some interesting deductions are
drawn by the Director of the Census
from statistical data recently made
available by the office regarding migra?
tions from the north to the south and
from the south to the north. It ap?
pears from the figures given that the
migration northward of southern
whites, while increasing in absolute
amount, has declined during the
decade ending in 1900 relatr^ly to the
whole body of the white population in
the south. The migration northward
of colored persons from the south has
increased rapidly, yet the northward
migration of southern whites is sitll
nearly three times as great in absolute
amount and nearly one and a half
times as great relative to the popula?
tion from which it comes as the
northward migration of the colored
people. This is attributed in part to
the better economic position of the
white people of the south, and in part
to the fact that; the center of popula?
tion of that class is nearer the border.
The current of migration from the
north to the south was greater in abso?
lute amount during the decade than
that of southern whites or southern
negroes moving northward, though
considerably less than that of both
combined. It is increasing much
more rapidly than either, but the pro?
portion of it relatively to the popula?
tion from which it comes is less than
that of either of the return currents.
The gold production of the Cripple
Creek district for the month of Janu?
ary, based on mill and smelter re?
turns, was S2,030,000. At the rate of
the January production Cripple Creek
is producing one-tenth of the world's
entire output, based on the official
statistics of last year.
The closing of the transfer books of
the United States Steel Corporation,
in preparation for the annual meeting
next week, has developed the fact that
the 8150.000,000 in preferred shares are
now in the hands of 22,000 separate
holders. An official of the company
admitted Tuesday that a large propor?
tion of the shares were held by small
holders ; that is, the people of moder?
GKE?P CREDIT ?ND LONS PROFIT.
The Pass to Which the Lien Law
is Bringing Farming Pursuits,
m A letter from Cberaw to the Dar?
lington News says, ina doleful account
of the hard times: "Landowners
cannot find renters, and the only cul?
tivators will be the owners of the
"Isn't that the ideal farmers' life?
And if that condition of affairs were
the rule in South Carolnia, what a
prosperous and happy little state we
would have, and how rich and pro?
ductive the fields would become.
It is the renting system, backed up
by the lien law, that has done so
much to ruin the land and to make
farming unprofitable as a profession
or calling. High rents and high
priced lien goods pay big dividends for
a time ; but they do it at the expense
of the fertility of the soil and, worse
by far than that, often at the expense
of the manhood and energy of the
Perhaps these hard times and others
that will surely follow, so long as this
system is kept up, will bring about a
change. It may be th,at in a few
years the farming population will con?
sist of landlords and laborers-small
farmers working their own lands
themselves and large farmers working
theirs also by themselves and hired
help. "We do not. mean-, that there
ought not to be renters. ? man who
rents land may be a good farmer and
may thus become a landowner; but
the evil is in the present system of
renting and furnishing, which takes
the life out of the land'and the laborer
at the same time.-Newberry Observ?
Taft m the Sweat Box.
Washington, Feb. 19.-Among other
qustions pertaining to the Philippines
discussd by Governor Taft today in his
testimony before the Senate commit?
tee on the Philippines.wasthe attitude
of the differrent religious, sects toward
one another. He said that generally
the relationship is friendly and that
the evangelical churches, are seeking
to secure a foothold in.tue. islands.
In reply to questions he said that
from 25 to 50 persons fiaa'been deport?
ed from the Philippines*.- and that
the were all sent to. Guarit^y the mili?
tary authorities, be??us?jthey are con?
sidered irreconcilables* vi&?se presence
was injurious. He saict in reply to
Senator Allison that so far gs, the Phil?
ippine advocates of independence had
expressed thmeselvesj ..all., of them
desired that the United'?States should
continue its protection of.the islands;
in other words, they wanted indepen?
dence, with a United S tates protector?
The witness was asked - a great num?
ber of questions about , the Malolos
constitution. He said that the con?
vention which adopted' it had been
made up largely of residents of
Manila, although designated by Agui?
naldo to represent the variouus pro?
vinces. Comparatively few of the
Filipinos, he said, are familiar with
the Constitution of the United States,
and he does not believe that Aguinal?
do is among those who have this famil?
"Are the newspapers at libcrtyto
adovcate the independence of the isl?
and?" asked Senator Culberson.
"They are under the restrictions
imposed by the statutes which we dis?
cussed yesterday, just as others are,"
the witness responded.
"Therefore they are prohibited
from such a course?"
"That is the eftect of the statute
while the war continues."
Referring to the climatic and
health conditions of the islands Gov?
ernor Taft said the health of the
troops there when not engaged in cam?
paigning is about as good as it would
be in the Southern States. The cli?
mate is not severe, ncr is it a disagree?
able place in which to live, but the
continued high temperature becomes
after a time wearing upon Americans
An Incentive to Peace.
Washintgon, February 20.-Senator
Bacon gave notice today of his inten?
tion to offer an amendment to the
Philippine tariff bill, declaring it to
be the intention of the United States
when order shall be restored in the
Philippines to allow the formation of
a government for and by the Philip?
pine people, and to guarantee to them
the same liberty and independence
that this country has pledged to the
London, Feb. 20.-Cabling from
St. Petersburg, the correspondent of
the Daily Mail says tho seismic dis?
turbances at Shamaka have recom?
menced, and that a fresh volcano began
to erupt vigorously last Wednesday.
The correspondent adds that the num?
ber of killed in the Shamaka district
is now estimated at five thousand.
Makes the bread
Safeguards the food
Alum baking po waders are tue greatest
xneaacers to health cf the present day*
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