Newspaper Page Text
?LOCAL NEWS PARAGRAPHED.
D. Chandler, the Clothier, makes
a leader of Easter neckwear this week.
The reel sqnads were called ont Fri?
day morning by at false alarm of fire.
The hose wagons were called ont
again Friday afternoon by a false I
The two hose wagons had an excit?
ing race down Main Street Friday
. The English Sparrows think that
spring has come and are hard at work
building their nests.
The ladies of Magnolia Street Meth?
odist Church will serve hot dinner
and oysters during court week.
Sumter made telephones are. attract?
ing as much attention as any exhibit?
at the Charlesisen Exposition. -
* A new postoffice has been establish?
ed at Borden, on the'Northwestern R.
R. with Mr. Sam Folk .as postmaster.
A special meeting of the board of
county com missioners was held on
Saturday but no business of import?
ance is said to have been transacted.
Mrs. Shoemaker will open a night
class, for elocution and physical cul
1*nx^ evening March 10, at
the Sumter Female Seminary. M8 2t*
The county chain gang began work
on Cemetery Avenue Saturday. A ;
clay and sand roadway will be laid:
from Council Street to the .emetery. ...
" If the candidates do not show up:
for municipal honors pretty soon it.
may be necessary to hold -a mass
meeting to nominate a ticket.
: While ail the other railway systems
in the South have had traflSc inter- "
ranted by the storm and fiood the
. Atlantic Coast Line has been' runmnjg;
ali trains on schedule "time.'
There was an exciting runaway On;
... Main Street last Thursday. A horse ;
attached to a buggy driven by a negro
dashed up the street at top speed - and
collided with Dr. DeLorme's buggy
'which was standing in front of his'
drug store. Dr. DeLorme's bugsry was
slightly damaged and the negro'sj
buggy was also much the worse for the
The Fine Instruments That .Slimier Has
OB Exhibition at the Exposition.
One of the main features of the
? Sumter County exhibit is the hand?
some ??selay of "Imperial" telephones
and switchboards exhibited by the
Telephone Manufacturing Company,
of Sumter, S. C. s
/'There are two systems fully con?
nected, ishowing the entire operation
bf a telephone exchange using either
the drop system or the central energy
System, which is one of the . late im?
provements in the science of telephony. .
The great improvement in the central
energy system is in the concentration
; of all electric power in one central
office and in changing the supervis?
ion of the switchboard almost entirely
-from the use of sound to that of
sight. Instead of a subscriber having
\^toTing to signal "Central" this is
done by merely taking down the
receiver,, which automatically lights a
- miniature electric lamp in the central
office switchboard ~ and notifies the
operator that a connection is wanted.
"Central" then listens for the num?
ber wanted and rings up the party by
merely pushing in the ping as far as
it will go. A red- supervisory light
then burns till the "party called takes
down:the receiver, upon which it goes'
out, thus notifying*'Central.that both
parties are talking. -Then, when ,the
conversation is,finished and they hang
ap the receivers, both the red and
white supervisory lights flash up to
notify "Central" to disconnect. The
"Imperial" central energy/ switch?
board exhibited is for one hundred
connections and is of highly, polished
walnut, and- the. telephones are of
handsomely finished oak and walnut
from native w??'ds, all of which are
manufactured at Sumter.
For the drop system there are two
styles of telephones finished in walnut
and quartered oak in different colors.
One is the new style , magneto and
the other is the standard No 6 ''Impe?
rial. ' ' The switchboard is equipped
Vi th self-restoring drop, etc
The "Imperial" switchboard, equip?
ped with self-restoring drop and jack
combined, is electically and mechanic?
ally correct in every detail, and for
durability, rapidity of operation, sim?
plicity of construction, economy in
maintenance and beauty is without an
equal. The cabinet is made of quar?
tered oak or walnut, beautifully finish?
ed and highy polished.
Each 100-line board is equipped with
one complete operator's set, ten pair
of cords and plugs, ten clearing-put
drops and listening cams,and one hand
generator, which is equipped with
automatic shunting device arranged to
be used in connection with a power
generator. The hand generator being:
cut out automatically except when the
crank is being turned. The transmitter
is easily adjusted to suit the conveni?
ence of the operator.
The drops and jacks are self-con?
tained, and the solid block of hard;
rubber in which the jack is built and
upon which the drop is mount?
ed affords perfect insulation, '
which, we all know, is one of the
most essential features of a switch?
board. .Any single drop and jack may
be easily removed without disturbing
any other connection.
The board has an absolutely relia?
ble night-alarm arrangement In each
100-line board is installed one repeat?
ing coil, which is wired in the cord
Large boards are provided with a
most efficient and reliable trunking
system and a larger proportion of
cords and plugs. ' *
The "Imperial" 'phones were
awarded a bronze medal at the Paris
Exposition. - News and Courier,
SOUTHERN BY. SCHEDULE.
Trains leave Sumter, S C. for Ring?
ville, etc, daily except Sunday, No 80, 6 40
am ; No'82,10 20 am : No 84, 3 30 pm.
Trains arrive Sumter from Kingville,
etc, daily except Sunday, No 81, 9 10 am ;
No 83, ll 45 am ; No 85, 5 00 pm.
Close connection at Ringville for Co?
lumbia and Charleston and intermediate
points, trains carrying through sleepers
Kingville to New York, via Columbia,
Charlotte, etc, Kingville to St Louis, via
Asheville, Knoxville and Louisville.
CITY COUNCIL MEETING.
Agreement With A. C. L. for Drainage of
Mr.* J. R. Kenly, General Manager
of the Atlantic Coast Line, with Mr. j
E. B. Pleasants, the Civil Engineer, j
arrived in the city Thursday to con- |
suit the council in reference to the !
drainage . of Mary Street. Mayor i
Stuckey had called the meeting for j
nine o'clock, but the train was late
and it was ten o'clock when the coun?
cil was called to order.
Aldermen^ Boyle, W. H. Epperson,
Finn, Hurst, Purdy* and Rowland were
present. Mr. Kenly thanked council
for their kindness in. meeting him-at
such an unseemly hour,.and explained
that business required his presence in
Augusta'next morning, and. he must
leave on an.early train. SHS
According to his promise Mr. Kenly
has had a1 survey of the proposed work
madeVtogether with an estimate of its
cost. The distance from Main Street
to Turkey Creek is 4,900 feet, nearly
one mile; and it will be: necessary , to
use pipe of thirty inches diameter, as
a smaller pipe could . not take away
the water. The pipe for that distance
would cost more than ten thousand
dollars, to say nothing .of grading and
laying it. Mr. Kenly said it would
be necessary to put in about seven
hundred.feet of pipe at once. This
would extend from the west side of
Main Street to a point where connec?
tion could be made with a cypress
?rain recently completed by the A. C.
L. Go. This wooden d rain is five
hundred feet long. It extends above
the new passenger, station yard and
across Harvin Street. Here an open
drain might be maintained tem?
porarily. He expressed the apprecia?
tion whieh his company feels for the
kind treatment they had always receiv?
ed in Sumter, and as an evidence of
the jfact they had made twenty-five
thousand dollars- improvements in
the city quite recently, and were
now ready to meet council with libe?
ral terms for the construction of this
pipe line. ' There . was, free' and full
\ discussion of the matter from all
j standpoints which bulminated in an
j agreement accepted by Mr. Kenly and
passed by council in the form of a
resolution, upon the following terms:
The city is to pay one thousand dol?
lars as its share.of the expense. The
A. C. L. constructs and maintains
the drain for ali time at its expense,
keeping it open and in condition to
do the work expected of it. The kind
of drain to be constructed, except the
700 feet of 30 inch pipe to be laid now,
I is to be left to the judgment and will
of the company. They will put in
i what they deem proper, and the city
I to have privilege of making all needed
i connections. The responsibility for
! damages which may be caused to prop
I erty other than railroad property is as?
sumed by the city.
IA Revolutionary Naval Officer From
j Sumter County.
Mr. Editor : In his interesting lec?
ture on South Carolina history at the
j Sumter Opera House last week, CoL
! John J. Dargan alluded to the great
I naval battle between Paul Jones's
S vessel, the Bonhomme Richard and
j the British ship Serapis and. he men?
tioned that among the first who went
on board the Serapis was John
Mayrant of Stateburg. The Colonel
said he did not know this fact when
he lectured in Sumter*before and had
found it in Garden's anecdotes.
"We are glad Col. Daragn mention?
ed this fact. In our reading we had
come across Mayraht's'name, but his
first name was not. given, and we did
not know that he was from cur
1 State, much less our county.
John S. C. Abbott, the distin?
guished, biographer, whose life of the
great Napoleon -is a noted work, also
wrote, among other biographies, a life
of Paul Jon?s. Speaking of the sur?
render of the Serapis, Mr. Abbott
"Lieutenant Richard Dale, imme?
diately, with the consent of Captain
Jones, jumped upon the gunwale, seiz?
ed the main-brace pendant, and swung
himself upon the quarter-deck of the
captured ship. He was followed by
Midshipman Mayrant, with a large
party of sailors. The confusion was so
great that it was not known, at 'that
moment, throughout either ship, that,
the Serapis had surrendered. One of
the enemy, stationed at the waist, ran
his boarding-pike through the thigh
pf the midshipman."
In his popular romance, "Richard
Carvel," Winston Churchill mentions
Mayrant and in the "Afterword" to
the romance, Mr. Churchill says
"Midshipman Mayrant, Commodore
Jones's aide, was wounded by a pike
in the thigh after the surrender."
The great battle between the
Bonhomme Richard and the Serapis
was fought Sept. 23, 1779.
Sumter County may well feel proud
of John Mayrant, who not only took
part in one of the most remarkable sea
fights of modern times, but was also
wounded in it. Besidse this, our
county can feel proud that his name
should appear in the biography of a
hero like Paul Jones, also in such a
delightful romance as "Richard
When the teachers of Sum?
ter county speak of Paul Jones, let
them not forget to mention his aide,
John Mayrant, of Stateburg. Can't
some of your Stateburg readers give
more information about him than is
contained in this imperfect sketch'?
Privateer, March 10, 1902.
The Graded School and the Exposition.
It has been asked why the Graded
School authorities selected the 17 and
18 of Aprimas holidays for the Charles?
ton Exposition, thus passing over some
of the special dates provided. Upon
inquiry it has been found that these
dates were first adopted tentatively,
Supt. Edmunds being instructed to
communicate in the mean time with
the State Superintendent of Educa?
tion to ascertain the dates for Educa?
tional Week. This was done and on
last Friday a letter was- received
stating that no definite date had been
agreed upon. Mr. McMahan enclosed
the correspondence between himself
and the railroad authorities revealing
the fact that while no date had been
agreed upon the latter part of April
was suggested as the best time for the
pupils to visit Charleston.
In view of these conditions the origi
nal dates suggested by the Board were
adopted and Supt. Edmunds, in reply
to Mr. McMahan, requested that, as
the authorities in Charleston had sug?
gested to him about the same date as
those selected by the Sumter Board of
Education, he would make Education?
al Week, embrace the 17th and 18th of
South Carolina Day March 20 was
not chosen because it was too early in
the Spring, and because this time
would conflict with the quarterly
examinations then in progress.
The Court Criers' Contest.
The competative examination, or to
be more accurate, the voice and lung
power test, held on the Court House
portico by Sheriff Scarborough for the
purpose of selecting a competent man
for the position of court crier came
of according to schedule at 12 o'clock
There were nine applicants, with
Rey. Roy Robinson and. Sarge Brad?
ford, thrown in for good measure.
The applicants were negroes and all
of them had powerful voices, but some
of them could, of course, holler louder
and enunciate more distinctly than
the-others, and at the end of the first
round, when all had had -a trial at call?
ing court, it was seen that all but three
were out of the race. These three
were put tnrough their paces, calling
court,s .-adjourning court, calling
witnesses, members of the bar, etc.
"When all had had a fair trial the
exhibition was adjourned, but the
name of the winner was not announc?
ed by Sheriff Scarborough and Deputy
Clerk of Court Barrett, who acted as
judges. The announcement of the
winner was withheld because one other
applicant remained to be examined
and he could not arrive until the
freight train came in from Lynchburg.
Unless this applicant should develop
phenomenal powers of lung and voice, "
it is practically certain that Fred
"Wilson will be the winner, for it was
the common opinion of the large crowd,
gathered to witness tho examination,
that he was easily first in strength of
voice, distinctness of utterance and
The Rev. Roy Robinson was an ap?
plicant and was eager for the ap?
pointment, but owing to "something
concerning of a little red hog," which
happened several years ago, subsequent
to which happening the Reverend dis?
carded his long tailed clerical black
coat and high silk tile and donned the'
striped livery, of the State/ which he
wore for a period of two years, he was
not eligible-for the position.^ He,
however, favored the large audience
with a voluntary at the opening of the
contest, displaying his huge, unique
and altogether unrivalled mouth at its
widest expanse/ The performance
was vigorously applauded and he
received numerous enthusiaastic
Sarge. Bradford strolled up during
the performance and, in reply to his
inquiry, "What are those-fools
hollering about?" was made acquaint?
ed with the nature of the contest. He
immediately became a candidate and
climbing the steps to the portico, lean?
ed over the railing and announced
that he could holler as loud as any
other white man or any nigger that
ever did holler, but, if he was appoint?
ed court crier, he would not holler for
people who were wanted, but would
go out and get them and bring them
into the Court House, if he had to
take -them by the neck and bring
them by force and arms and court
martial. The application ?of the
Sergeant was not considered, inas?
much as h*e did not comply with the
conditions of the contest. .
During the progress of the contest
Main Street in the vicinity of the
Court House was crowded with people,
all of whom enjoyed the unusual ex?
hibition to the fullest extent. Sheriff
Scarborough provided the best show
or the season and is entitled to a vote
of thanks for so doing.
The iury lists for the approaching
term of court were drawn yesterday.
W. F. Jenkins, Sumter.
J. W. Smith, St. Charles.
John F. Kelly, Bishopville.
W. J. Young, Rafting Creek.
W. J. Durant, Concord.
R. M. James, Rafting Creek.
J. D. Blanding, Jr., Sumter.
J. M. N. Wilder. Sumter.
Howard Jones, Concord.
R. M. Bradford,-.
S. W. James, Rafting Creek.
H. A. Lowry, Sumter.
J. H. Watson, Bishopville.
J. G. R. Wilder, Sumter.
C. S. Beasly, Carters Crossing.
D. Bull, Stateburg.
F. C. Manning, Sumter.
W. E. Green, St. Charles.
H. E. Mooneyham, Elliott.
J. Singleton Moore, Snmter.
J. J. Team. Bishopville.
J. B. Baker, Sumter.
R. A. Dennis. Shiloh.
J. W. Wilson, Magnolia.
Edwin Wilson, St. Charles.
J. S. Potts, Magnolia.
A. A. Breariy, St. Charles.
E. T. Mott, Shiloh.
J. B. Kelley, Bishopville.
E. B. Hogan, Sumter.
JJ. B. Jenkins, Privateer.
T. V. Walsn, Jr., S amter.
T. B. Jenkins, Sumter.
T. D. Lowrance, Concord.
H. D. Cain, Middleton.
W. E. Pritchard Privateer.
W. M. DeLorme, Sumter.
O. E. Bostick, Sumter.
M. L. Hodge, Privateer.
M. E. Rivers, Privateer.
John J.Shaw, Bishopville.
John F. Beard, Sumter.
J. J. Harby, Sumter.
W. W. Stuckey, Bishopville.
W. J. Stuckey, Bishopville.
L. B. Yates, Concord.
W. S. Reams, Sumter.
T. W. Belvin, Spring Hill.
W\ E. Lemnion, Lynchburg,
J. E. Crossvvell. Bishopville.
C. R, Mccaskill, Spring Hill.
J. E. Rembert, Providence.
F. L. Stewart, Sumter.
The following-services will be held
in the Episcopal Chureh'each week
during Lent :
? Tuesdays 7.30 a. m., Holy Com?
Wednesday's 8 p. m., Evening Pray?
er with an Address.
Fridays 5 p. m., Evening Prayer
with an Address. _
R?R?L FREE DELIVERY
BILL PASSES THE HOUSE.
But Contract Provision Stricken
Out and Salaries Raised to
Washington, March IO.-The bill
to classify the rural free delivery
Service and place the carriers; under
the contract system, which has been
debated in the hones for over a week,
was passed today but in a form that
completely changed the purpose for
which it was framed. Before it was
passed the bill was altered radically
by its opponents. All the provisions
relating to the placing of carriers
under the contract system were strick?
en out and the salary system was not
only continued, but the maximum
salary of carriers was increased : from
$500 to $600 per annum. The amend?
ment td fix the salaries of rural car?
riers at $600 was offered by Mr. Swan?
son of "Virignia and adopted without
An- amedndment offered by Mr.
Fleming of Georiga, was adopted to
allow carriers to do any express pack?
age business where it does not inter?
fere with their duties.
A motion offered by Mr. Williams,
Democrat of Illinois, to recommit the
bill with instructions to report back
an amendment providing for the dis?
missal from the service of carriers
who should use their influence in favor
of any particular party or for any
particular candidate, was voted do wn,
96 to 141.
BILL GHAFFEE IN TROUBLE.
Shortage of $300 in Accounts of
Aiken Postoffice Reported.
Special to The State. j
Washington, March 10.-President
Roosevelt has withdrawn the nomina- j
tion of Wm. G. Chaffes to be postmas- i
ter at Aiken because of a shortage in '
the accounts of Postmaster Chaffee
amounting to $300.
The matter was brought to the at?
tention of the president through re?
port of a postoffice inspector which is
now on file in the edpartment.
As soon as the shortage was made
known to President Roosevelt by Post?
master General Payne he told the lat?
ter he would take thcmatter in hand
and the withdrawal of " Chaffee's ap?
pointment is the result.
Senator McLaurin, upon whose rec?
ommendation President McKinley
appointed Chaffee last summer,
declined to discuss the matter today
further than to confirm the above facts
and to say that so far as he knew
Chaffee had not offered an explanation
of the affair.
The Rev. Mr. Couden's prayer be?
fore Congress at the McKinley memo?
rial service, says the New York World,
would have been ID better taste with
the references to "this distinguished
presence" left out. Princes and oth?
er men are presumed to be equal be?
fore the King of Kings.
St. Paul, Minn., March 10.-By
direction of the attorney general of
the United States a bill in equity was
filed here today in the circuit court of
the United States for the district of
Minnesota in the case of the* United
States, complainant, against the
Northern Securities Railway company,
the Northern Pacific railway and oth?
ers, defendants, to test the legality
of the alleged combination or merger
of the two roads and others named in
the bilk This action . is brought 'un?
der the act of July 2, 1890, known as
the Sherman anti-trust act.
New York Cotton Market
Corrected daily by I. H. Moses, Cot?
ton Merchant, Member N. Y. Cot?
ton Exchange. Orders promptly
executed. Sumter, S. C.
The cotton market opened firm today
at 3 to 4 points advance, and held
steady during the first hour on a gen?
eral wave of buying orders, from
traders who thought the decline was
about over and a reaction was in order.
The bears continued to hammer prices,
on account of heavier receipts and pre?
dictions oi a strike in the Fall River
Mills. We do not see anything to
cause lower prices, but fear timid
holders will be disposed to take small
losses and retire from the market.
March, 8.90 8.87-88
April, 8.93 8.87-88
May, 8.77 8.73-74
July, 8.82 8.77-78
August, 8.68 8.60-61
New York spots
Receipts today 23,006. Last year,
Two Good Willst Hands.
Once upon a time5two young men
and two young women, were playing
whist, and quite frequently one of the
younp: men and one of the young wom?
en found that their fingers were in
twined under the table, out of sight
This finger contact did not in the
least disconcert them-in fact, they ap?
peared to enjoy the play much more
than did the other young woman and
Moral.-The enjoyment of the game
depends on the hands that are held.
New York Herald.
All Over Affaln.
"Here are half a dozer, prescriptions
I would like to have $ou fill as soon as
you can/* wheezed Rivers.
"I can see they are all for the cure
of :t cold." remarked the druggist, look .
ing them over.
"It's this way/" explained Hivers
.'When I hud tho other cold. I tried al!
these. One of "em cured me. hut 1
can't remember now. confound it.
which one it was!"-Chicago Tribune.-:
CURIOSITIES OF MICA.
It ? Appearance Before It Is Split
The mica as it comes from the mines
is in blocks which are theoretically
short -rhombic prisms, but practically
are scarcely recognizable as such, hav?
ing a very rough and uneven contour.
They have a very perfect cleavage
parallel to the base and may be split
into lamins* thinner than the thinnest
tissue paper, and these laminae form
the familiar transparent stove panes
and lamp chimneys. The exterior por?
tions of these blocks are opaque, brittle
and worthless, presumably from the
penetration of water, for mica soon
decomposes when exposed to any con?
siderable weathering. A thick layer
j of plates has therefore to be removed
I from either face of the blocks befolg
any mica of commercial size or value
j is reached, and the sheets split from
' the remainder are surrounded by a
wide margin of worthless material.
But the difficulties., and losses of
mica mining are far from being all
enumerated Even when occurring in
blocks "Of commercial size it is ren?
dered valueless, or comparatively so,
by one or more of a series of defects,
which may be classed as color, specks,
ruling, ribbing .and wedge formation.
It sometimes occurs literally pied with
black dots, consisting in general of
black oxide of iron or garnet, and
when even a few of these are present
its commercial vahie is destroyed, be?
cause such mica when used as an insu?
lator is peculiarly liable to puncture,
the specks forming practically short
circuits for. the electric current The
same is true of streaks, which are
sometimes turned to red rust
Some otherwise excellent mica is
found to-be ruled or cut, as it were,
;with a series of perfectly straight
lines, parallel to one side of the crys?
tal, so that on being split the mica
falls immediately into strips; or, again,
instead of being striped or ruled, the
mica is often deeply ribbed or corru?
gated parallel to the adjacent edges of
the crystal, so as to give the appear?
ance of the letter A,, or, rather, V,
whence it is termed "A mica." As the
ribbed portion has to^ be cut away in
the sheet such mica is unprofitable
unless the blocks be large. .Wedge
mica is Ihat in which the block is
thicker at one end than the other, the
laminae partaking in the unevenness.
Such blocks are wholly worthless ex?
cept as scran.-Engineering Magazine.
. What has become of the old fashion?
ed woman who said, "Oh, now you
What has become of the old fashion?
ed man who had his picture taken in
What bas'become of the old fashion?
ed woman who wore a long gold chain
around her neck?
What has become of the old fashiqn
ed woman who did things in three
shakes of a lamb's tail? '
What has become of the old fashion?
ed woman who referred to tbe best
room in her house as "the room?"
What has become of the old fashion?
ed home where the children sat with
their noses at the window every night
watching for their, father ?
/ What has become of the old fashion?
ed girl who, as soon as she became en?
gaged, got ont her crochet needle and
began to make her own trimmings?
Took the Hint.
A story is ?old of a certain English
bishop well known for his verbosity
whd rose to address the house of lords
on a very important occasion. "I will
divide my speech under twelve heads,-'
he said, to the discomfort of his audi?
The Marquis of Salisbury begged to
be allowed to interpose with a little
anecdote. "A friend of mine was re?
turning home late one night" he said*
"when opposite St Paul's he saw an
intoxicated man trying to ascertain the
time on the big clock there. Just then
it began to strike and slowly tolled out
12. The man listened, looked hard at
the clock and said: 'Confound you, why
couldn't you have said that all at
The bishop heartily joined in the
laughter which followed and took the
hint contained in the story.
"Mrs. Bilkins learned to play poker
so she could keep her husband in at
"And does he stay in now?"
"I should say so. She wins so much
of his spending allowance that he
hasn't the price of a drink."-Philadel?
Prima Facie Evidence.
The late Lord Morris on one occasion
gave a characteristic illustration of the
meaning of "prima facie evidence."
"If" he said to the jury, "you saw
a man coming out of a public house
wiping his mouth, that would be prima
facie evidence that he had been having
The Lady-Did any one call while I
The Maid-No, ma'am.
The Lady-That's very strange. I
wonder what people think I bave a
day "at home" for anyway.-Indian?
A Xarrow Encape.
"Bingle tells me that he had two
horses killed under him in one of the
battles of the last war."
"That's right. A railway car he was
riding in backed into them."-Cleve?
land Plain Dealer.
"Hair's getting a bit gray, sir," re?
marked the barber as the next victim
settled back in the chair.
"No wonder," rejoined the N. V.
"Just think how long I have been wait*
?n? ?? j ; M??mwBSBI????SSS???S
A Normandy Injunction.
A strange old world priv?lege,\datii
back to the time when the Norsem<
came to Normandy, was exercised IastJI
year in the island of Guernsey. If '
called the "Clameur de Haro." By
ancient law of the island a person whq|
thinks.his land rights are being
fringed upon has only to draw up?
statement of the case, which he swc
to before two witnesses. This he th<E
presents to the bailiff of the island anc
dropping upon one knee, cries ont in'
French: "Oh, Rollo, my prince, succorJ|
me! 1 am wronged!"
This proceeding acts as an injune^
tion, and the person complained of i
trespasser has to stay his trespass un
til the matter has been adjudicated?
on by the courts. This right of isscfc
ing one's own injunction by calling
to Rollo was given to the people <
Guernsey by Rollo or ECrolf, the Nor^
wegian pirate "who made himself the}.|
first Duke of Normandy in 911,
there is probably no example of a k
procedure of like antiquity which is 1
day carried out in the, same way ?s|
that in which it was first instituted. .
Krapp and Essen*
'The old lady,".Herr Krupp's mothl
er, managed the small business,, affair^
while Alfred stepped into the shoi
rolled up his sleeves, worked all daj
with his arms and then until midnigl
witKhis brain. They lived in a smaHlj
cottage which ls still standing in
factory and which he did not ex(
for a better home until long after
marriage. I now quote Mr. Krupp*
own words uttered on the twenty-f
anniversary, of the founding of lie f?<?
"From my fourteenth year I had the^
care of a family father during' the day|l||
added to hard work at the f acto^^ai?M
at night had to study how to overconre|?
the difficulties in the way. During th^|p
period I lived on- potatoes, bread ?anj??
coffee and scant portions of meat ?nd^
/ .... . ^???..S
toiled until lat?.?n the night. For twenrp
ty-five years I struggled thus until coh~f~
.-dirions grew a little easier. My las
remembrance of that period is -the~f
growing danger of total ruin and my?
endurance, suffering \and- hard lal
to avert the calamity, and I say\?l?
this for the encouragement of young!
men who have nothing, are nothing
and want to get something and^D?g
In 1S32 the factory gave employment^
to only ten men. At the time of Mr?
rop's death over 40,000 men . werej^
employed in and about Essen/in^th^
factory and the adjoining mines.--Oa^f
Booked For a Museum* .
She was an ignorant but ambitious^
woman, relates the Chicago Tribune,^
and the great ambition of her life was-^
gratified when ber husband was^elect^
ed a member-of congress. Immediate^
ly after the result of the election wus?|
known the new congressman's wifefg
v drove in from her country home to tti?^
county seat to. call in triumph on heit^
dearest enemies in a social way. She |
called first on.the wife of the locag
banker, who had sent her three datigbfT
ters through T?ssar, and after receiT'
ing the congratulations of the faniflyg
she turned the conversation to h??g
plans for the future of her own daug3?f|j
ter, Jennie. . yy?
"I am going to gi ve? Jennie every ed?vg
ucational advantage," she said. mAS??-|
soon as the congressman and I get to^g
Washington we are going to put Jemne^
in the Smithsonian institute."
As good an instance of New Tcrk w?t??
as can be' found is told about the staff.^
of the Roosevelt hospital. A dangerous^|
operation was being performed upon a?|
woman. Old Dr. A., a quaint German^. |
full of kindly wit and professional en-n3|
thusiasm, had several younger doctorsV?|
with him. One cf them was adminis? ^
tering the ether. He became so inter* .
ested in the old doctor's work that he j
withdrew the cone* from the patient/s ?
nostrils, and she half roused and rose. |
to a sitting posture, looking with wild .
eyed amazement over the surroundings.
It was a critical period* and Dr. A. did i?
not want to be interrupted.
"Lay down dere, vornan," he com?
manded gruffly. "You haf more euri- ;
osity as a medical student"
She lay down, and the operation went
The Cobra of India.
j Among the true cobras of India the ;
1 naja is found all over India and Cey-. ;
lon, Burma, the 'Andaman islands, X
southern China and the Malay penin
sula and archipelago. It ascends the-'
Himalayas to an altitude of 8,000 feet.
It extends also over Afghanistan and - '
through Persia to the eastern shore of
the Caspian. It may attain a length
of nearly seven and a half feet but it -
is usually not more than a little over V
five and a half feet long. Najas vary
much in color and markings, but have '
generally the spectacle mark on the
back of the neck, which they always
distend before making an attack.
An Elephantine Kurse.
Miss C. F. Gordon-Cumming in her
book on Ceylon gives a few lines to a
pet elephant, who seems to have been
a creature of much amiability and in?
telligence. He had been captured
young and was known as Kurunegalla
Jack. He used lo go the hospital rounds
with his master, a medical officer, who
had taught him to be generally useful
and even to administer pills. A Malay
soldier one cay dropped his pill, where?
upon Jack picked it up and dropped it
into the man's open mouth with a puff
that blew it safely down.
A woman the other day gave a Lon?
don cabman 2 sovereigns in mistake
for 2 shillings. When he discovered
the mistake, he returned to the house
and handed over the money to the
woman's husband, who, with tears in
his eyes, said : "You shall not be a loser
by your honesty, my man. Your fare
was a shilling. Here's one and four
pence for yj?s-" :^i/<0^W?^^?.