WEDNESDAY, MARCH !9, ?9G2.
;e Sarnfer Watcnman was tounde
rc *?0 and the True Southron in 1866
The Waichmav and Southron now has
Ute combioed circulation and influence
fe >otn of the old papers, and is mani
tit . the best advertising medium ir?
s- ' " -;.
The most important deduction to be
made from what Prof. Hitchcock said
in his lec&re on grasses and forage
liants last-. Tht?sday was that, all
t??ugs confered, the cow pea is the
most valuable- forage plant for this
section. , l?s -a reriovator of worn out
land it. is. at" least the equal of the
.velvet bea?;: as a. fall? pasture it is
better b?casse it matures seed; as a
forage crogsi#is superior, because it
matures s^ed and is more easily mow?
ed, cured au.4 handled. The cow pea,
supplemented'with Bermuda grass for
? summer jiasture and for hay when
sodded on rich meadow land, and with
hairy vetch for winter pasture, or bet?
ter still with "alfalfa for an ail the year
pasture and^fbr hay will enable the
farmers of fc??is section of the South
to raise steck for market and increase
the productiveness of their lances.
Prof. Hitchcock told his audience
very little that was new with respect
to the cow pea, but coming from him,
the value of this old stand-by was em?
phasized. . '
Senator Tillman's statement that
ie withdrawal of the invitation to
ai the^White House was publish
in the Washington morning papers
>re he received any intimation
>m President Roosevelt of his desire
recall the invitation, alters the
entirely and, in a measure, justi?
fies his curt refusal to ask to be ex?
cused from attending the dinner.
The various candidates for State
offices are beginning to bombard the
newspaper offices with tpyewritten ex?
planations of the whys and wherefores
of their office-seeking. A stereotyped
form about as follows: "I want the
oifiee of-because it pays more
than I am now making and may lead
to something better," would answer
the purpose as well as the usual long
winds?d epistle and would be a boon to
those who feel called upon to read the
jslea of the candidates.
If there is any intention to cany
'the Lee County issue into the courts
-for the purpose of having the disputed
point as to the regularity and legality
of the lines as established by the
.origma! survey ?nd set forth in the
petition for the election passed upon
<by the Supreme Court, proceedings
should be instituted immediately
and have the matter finally settled with
as little delay as possible. No good
cap result from delay, if the matter is
to be taken to the courts, while on
the other hand delay means great con?
fusion, expense and hardship to the
people of the territory included in
Lee County should the case result ad?
versely to the new county. The ex?
perience of four years ago is too fresh
in our minds for us to have any desire
for the new county issue to hang fire
until the establishment of the new
I county has proceeded so far as it did
then. If *any man or committee of
men in Sumter County or elsewhere
feel it to be'their duty to carry Lee
County into the courts they should
show their hands at once or hereafter
keep hands off.
Senator .Mclaurin is undoubtedly a
commercial politician, for he voted
witn cnefRepubiican treasury looters
and trust supporters for the ship sub?
sidy sneal, :a measure that was too
rank for even su^h dyed-in-the wool
Republicans as Spooner, Doliiver,
Allison and Procter to swallow. Where
Mark Hanna leads McLaurin follows.
There will, be a iively scramble for
Congress in the Seventh District.
Lever, of Lexington, and McLauchlin,
of Orangeburg, are said to be already
in the race, while at least two Rich?
land representatives have congression?
al aspirations and Sumter may have a
candidate bold enough to put his politi?
cal fortunes to the hazard. We are as?
sured shat" Richland will certainly have
one strong candidate in the race who
will hope to receive the support of
Sumter County. The other candi?
dates may indulge the same hope with
as gool reasons, for any candidate
who relies upon an overwhelming vote
in Sum ser County is pre-doomed to
A preliminary survey for a railroad
from this city to theSeaboad Air Line
would not be an expensive undertak?
ing, and the data that such a survey
would furnish would be a valuable
argument in favor of the road to be
used with the Seaboard officials. If
the business men of Sumter can afford
to contribute money for any undertak?
ings for the good of the city we know
ol nothing that holds greater prospects
of large returns on the investment of
money and -time than an energetic
campaign in promotion of the effort to
bring the Seaboard to Sumter.
TO BUILD SEABOARD FEEDERS.
$500,000 Company Forming to Con?
struct Branches for System?
A move has been accomplished by
interests identified with the Seaboard
Air Line" railway that will have an im?
portant bearing apon the development
of that property. They have arranged
to organize the Seaboard Investment
Company, with a capital of $500,000.
I The banking-houses of John L. Wil?
liams & Sons of Richmond and J. W.
Middendorf & Co., of Baltimore, with
their associates, are interested in this
project, and it was stated today that
the full amount of the capital stock
had been subscribed.
Mr. W. W. Malsel of Savannah,
Ga., will be president of the Company.
Mr. Malsel was tho head of the Savan?
nah Construction Company, which
developed the extensive terminals at
Savannah for the Seaboard system.
The board of dircetors has not been
finally selected, but will include repre?
sentatives of the larger Seaboard inter?
The object of this new Con>pany is
to build feeders to connect important
traffic-producing sections with the Sea?
board Air lane. It has already under
way a valuable connnection. This is
the line being built in Florida to en?
ter the Manattee river country, a pro?
lific orange and early vegetable section.
Other extensions are still contem
palted? All of these will be financed
by the Seaboard investment Company,
but will be operated for the Seaboard
The above article is a hint to the
business men of Sumter and Bishop
ville and the owners of property lying
between the two places to begin work?
ing energetically for the proposed Sea?
board branch from the main line of
that system to Sumter. If the proper
showing is made the Seaboard officials
can be interested and induced to make
a personal investigation, which inves?
tigation will assuredly convince them
that the Seaboard cannot afford to be
without a branch road to Sumter. If
the Business League is not defunct it
should take up the matter at once,
collect the data that will show the
business that the proposed road would
receive and lay the case before the
Seaboard officials. If necessary a
committee should be sent - to Rich?
mond to discuss the matter with Pres?
ident John Skelton Williams, and he
should be invited to visit Sumter in
person or to send a representative to
look over the field. Sumter needs the
Seaboard and the officials of the sys?
tem should be made to know that we
want one of the feeders that they are
now arranging to build.
The property owners among the
negro voters of Sumter are asking for
the right to vote in the primary held
for the purpose of nominating muni?
cipal candidates. They claim that
they are fully as well qualified to vote
as the white Republicans, who have
been allowed the privilege from the
adoption of the primary system in this
city. The claim is, from their point
of view, a reasonable one, for by per?
mitting any Republicans to take part
in the primary it was robbed of its
distinctive Democracy, and if one Re?
publican is allowed to have a voice in
naming the candidates on account of
his being a tax payer and freeholder
and, perhaps an influential citizen in
business circles, any other Republican,
freeholder, though he be a negro, has
grounds for asking the same right that
has been granted his whi te fellow Re?
publicans. To be fair and just the
primary must be thrown open to all
qualified voters who are freeholders,
or none but Democrats should be al?
lowed to vote in the primary, or the
name Democratic must be dropped
since it is, under the present rule
that permits Republican? to vote, a
misnomer. The negro freeholders feel
that they are denied any voice in the
city government by the operation of
the primary system, for the nomina?
tion of candidates by the primary
decides the election, and as they are
! taxpayers and contribute to the sup?
port of the city government in propor?
tion to the property owned by them,
they ask for the same treatment that
has been accorded white men who are
Republicans and as far as political
opinions go of the same faith as the
negroes who are debarred from the
privileges of the primary. This is the
case, as stated by several of the largest
property owners among tho negroes,
and while they disclaim any intention
of making a demand for the privilege
of voting in the primar}-, they will
endeavor to have the matter brought
up for discussion and consideration at
the next meeting of the city Demo?
cracy by which the rules governing the
primary can be changed.
Congressman Lever's Popularity.
St. Matthews, Orangeburg County,
March 13.-Cougressman Lever's con?
stituents are proud of the record he
has msde during the short time he has
been in office, and he will be return?
ed to Washington by a large majority
for the full term which he richly
deserves. The changes from the old
to the new district will not affect his
popularity or his chances of re-elec?
tion.-News and Courier.
The best typewriter ribbons for all
standard machines for sale by H. G.
Osteen & Co.
THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK
As Viewed in Washington by Hen?
Correspondence of the Courier
To a hayseed like myself* who comes
to Washington to pick up a little in?
formation and polish, the outlook is
discouraging. Chaos! Everywhere!
In society, which has not quite recov?
ered its equipoise, though the Prince
has been gone a fortnight. In poli?
tics, where a bronco-buster in the
White House is making fingers and
thumbs of things so that no man can
fortell "What next." And, for the
Capitol, a fog generally envelopes it,
wrapping it about like a garment,
hiding it from its very intentions
when it has any-and, even as Swin?
burne's poem relates it
Folding- us round from the dark and
the light, <
Folding us round from all thought and
For a day and a night.
Yea and many days and nights ; for
if there be anything under sun or sea
which cannot be celestially divined or
made predicate of gods or men it is
the Congress .of the United States.
In the face of such limitations I am
going to write not as if I were writing
for publication, but as I might talk
to a group of neighbors and friends
ranged about my own fireside. It is
so hard to get at the truth, even
when one honestly seeks it. And
when one gets it, or gets a glimpse of
it-or thinks he does-it is so hard to
hold it long enough to take its pic?
ture. Each man clings to his point of
view-each perhaps has his diverting
interest, or prejudice. "Lord, give
us light to see" should be our con?
stant prayer; and still shall there be
difference of opinion, two or more
versions of the same fact, and, at last,
who is to be believed?
There is but one thing that at this
moment stands out bold and clear
upon the horizon of the National Cap?
ital before the eyes of all intelligent
men. That is that the Democratic
party has in front of it a great oppor?
tunity if it but knows how to improve
it. For the first time these thirty
years.it is the Republicans who are at
sea. Their boat may not have yet
sprung a leak. Both compass and rudder
may be still intact. But there are two
pilots aboard and rocks ahead.
REPUBLICAN- FACTIONS AND
In the first place, on the Republican
si?le, the situation revolves about the
succession. It is "Teddy" and "anti
Teddy." Little of this yet appears
above the surface. Both factions are
out in submarine boats. But these
will be loaded with explosives.
Observe that sleek, smooth-shaven
gentleman crossing the rotunda be?
tween the House and Senate. His
step is light, jaunty, even springy.
Not a cloud across his brow. Not a
care in tfis eyes. You might take
him for a prosperous professor : and, |
so he is ; of the shoals and depths of j
party management ; for that is the |
chairman of the National Republican J
Committee, the junior Senaor from I
Ohio, Mr. Hanna-Mr. Mark A.
Hanna-and duon't let it escape your
memory. He is Field Marshal of he
Old Guard, Past Grand Master of
McKinley Lodge, Knights of the
American Protective System; Dean of
the Anceint Order of Robber Barons.
What he doesn't know about ritual
and sign manual is hardly worth know?
ing. Like Joey B., of blessed mem?
ory, Marcus is "sly, devilish sly,"
and "tough," and, for all his placid
smile, his buoyancy, and benignancy,
he will have to be reckoned with, and
it may yet bo written of him, "as
sweet a Rover as e'er scuttled ship or
cut a throat," albeit he is not in the
scuttling business just now, while the
throat-cutting has not yet begun !
He, with Senator Fairbanks, of Indi?
ana, for a good second, is easily the
leader of these responsible elements of
the Republican party who reject the
autocracy set up by the man on horse?
back at the other end of the avenue.
Senator Hanna and Senator Fair?
banks, and those behind them, do not
intend to abdicate either their power
or their rights. They refuse to stand
and deliver. They do not want to re?
peat the mistake the Republicans made
in 18S4, when they turned Arthur
down. But, if they can help it, neither
do they mean to place themselves in
the hole where Cleveland placed the
Democrats during the years between
1893 and 1897. They may finally agree
to Mr. Roosevelt's nomination in
1904. But he must, as the saying is,
"behave himself." ile must come
to time, must recah an understanding.
He must play fair, and divide fair.
Above all, he must learn to obey, to
listen to the voice of the elders in
Israel, to consider the party organiza?
tion and respect the party law.
The President is in many ways a
disciple of Grover Cleveland, after Mr.
Cleveland's own heart. He brooks no
rival, is impatient of opposition.
J There are those indeed who doubt his
sanity. Yet is he, after his kind and
fashion, a politician of no mean pre?
Gradually, but surely, he has been
weeding out the distinctively %McKin
ley element from the Cabinet. In the
! fullness of time they will all go. He
is filling each vacated post with a
practical politician made in the Roose?
velt image-that is to say, with a poli
[ tician who knows how to work the
civil service racket for all it is worth.
Broncho-buster though he be, there is
a method in his broncho-busting.
Mindful of the fate of John Tyler and
Andrew Jonhson, he draws the line
about where Grover Cleveland left it.
That he is a clean, honest man of good
impulses and the best intentions,
should go without saying. But he
is an inconsiderate man, combative
;and aggressive, and, while much heart?
ier and more genial than Mr. Cleve?
land, less coldly reserved and selfishly
resolute. Mr. Cleveland made no mis?
takes at least in paddling his own
canoe. He had a nose for his particu?
lar interest. He generally "got
there." It remains to be seen whether
Mr. Roosevelt can duplicate the pecu?
liar taeties of Mr. Cleveland.
In Mr. Payne and Mr. Root he has
two very able advisers and friends.
! Moody, the to-be successor of Long,
is said to know his business. The ob?
jective point seems to be to unite the
young men of the ' party against the
old, or older, men. It makes a very
pretty quarrrel as it stands, but behind
it stalks the unknowable in the
tropics, the invisible in the Philip?
pines, with several revenue districts
at home to be heard from.
TILLMAN'S OWN VERSION.
His Account of the Encounter
^ Greenwood, March 15.-D. H.
Magill,?a lawyer of this place, has re
! ceived the following letter from Sena?
tor Tillman in response to a letter
from him :
United States Senate,
Washington, D. C.,
March 4, 1902.
Hon. D. H. Magill, Greenwood, S. C.
Dear Sir: I have your kind letter of
March 1st. In reference to the ex?
pression used by me in my apology to
the senate, that "My previous service
as governor of South Carolina for four
years had unfitted me in a measure to
enter this august assembly with the
dinity and regard-proper regard-I
will say, for its traditions and habits
and rules that is desirable," I would
say that the only reasonable construc?
tion to put on the words and my mean?
ing was that when 1 was governor it
was my business to handle problems,
many of them very important, and
without consulting any one, and act
entirely on my own responsibility, and
the habit in mind which naturally re?
sulted from that manner of thought
and action and the work as executive,
unfitted me in a measure for service
here. None but a gangrened imagina?
tion or some one anxious to miscon- i
strue will think that I meant that
a govenor of South Carolina cannot
be dignified and act with decency
and courtesy on all occasions. Things
are so different in the senate that I
have never yet become used to them.
While I am writing I wish to say
that my action here was a necessity
and while I regret as much as any
one that circumstances were of a
nature, so I had no alternative but
to strike my colleague, I believe my
action meets with the approval of a
large majority of the democrtas in
the house and senate. Not that
they approve the giving of a blow in
the senate, but they think there was
nothing else to do, and had I taken
the lie my own self respect would
have been gone, and my service here
in the future of no effect.
So then, I have but one comment
to make in answer to newspaper
criticisms published in South Caro?
lina. It does look hard that when I
am making the best fight lean against
the republicans here and acting in
the capacity of one of the fighters of
the senate, delegated by the demo?
cratic side to answer the strongest re?
publican, Senator Spooner, on a party
question, that some of my own people,
democrats in reality, should stab me
in the back while I am engaged all
along the line in front by republicans.
It, however, demonstrates the fact that
there are some in South Carolina
who ire anti-Tillmanites first and
democrats afterwards, and will seize
on any and everything to give me a
stab. We will let that pass, though,
and I will go back to my people feel?
ing as I have felt for a long time, that
I have the respect and support cf a
large majority of them, and for those
who are so narrow and prejudiced as to
be unable to see any good in anything
that I do, I feel only contempt and pity.
The dinner incident was not of my
making and in that I have no doubt
as to the sentiment of the folks at
home. The statement has been made
that it was an official dinner. This
is untrue because Pierpont Morgan,
Robt. Lincoln and ten or fifteen other
private citizens were invited. The
invitation to me carno unsought. I
had no special desire to attend the
function, but before I had any notice
whatever that it was desired that my
acceptance be withdrawn the whole
thing was ventilated in the morning
papers, and I was thus notified public?
ly that the president was trying to
punish a senator before the senate had
taken action. Had the president sent
a mutual friend, in a quiet way, sug
gesting that it would be an awkward
situation, any man who knows me at
all knows how quickly I would have
relived him of his embarrassment.
Thanking you for your kind letter
and with good wishes,
B. R. Tillman.
WILL NOT STAND TRIAL
Gaynor and Greene Do Not Intend
Coming Back for Trial.
Quebec, March 17.-Col. Gaynor
made it clear-to an Associated Press
representative today that neither he
nor Capt. Greene entertained a
thought of returning to the United
States today. Col. G-aynor stated a
week ago that he might return to Sa?
vannah voluntarily on the 17th and ap?
pear before Judge Speer. Both men
had a long conference with their coun?
sel today, after which Col. Gaynor
intimated that they have no intention
of leaving Quebec until forced to do so.
Two Americans who arrived at the
Chateau Frontenac are supposed to be
secret service men from Washington.
They seldom leave the rotunda or
office of the hotel and when one leaves
temporarily his companion remains
THE CASE CONTINUED.
Savanah, March 17.-In the United !
States district court today the Greene j
and Gaynor conspiracy case went over
until the May term of court because
of the absence in Quebec of B. D.
Greene and John F. Gaynor. The two
Gaynors here were complimented by
the judge upon the faithfulness with
which they have appeared for trial,
and were permitted to go on bonds as
they now stand. They left at once for
AN OLD ADAGE
*?A light purse is a heavy carse"
Sickness makes a light parse.
The LIVER is the seat of nine
tenths of all disease?
go to the root of the whole mat?
ter, thoroughly, quickly safely
and restore the action of the
LIVER to normal condition.
Give tone to the system and
solid flesh to the body.
Take No Substitute?.
Don't tie the top of your
Jelly and Preserve jara In
the old fashioned way. Seal
them by the new, quick,
absolutely sure way-by
a thin coating of Pure
Beaned Paraffine. H??
no taste or odor. Is
air tight and acid
proof. Easily applied.
Useful in a dozen other
ways about the house.
Full directions with
each ca ke.
Sold everywhere. Made by
STANDARO OfL CO.
KEYS FOUND-A small bunch of
Keys. Owner can get same by describ?
ing keys and paying of this advertise?
ment. Men 19-lt
FOR SALE-60 bushels Yineless and
Georgia Buck Potaotes, and silps at
60 cents per bushel. Apply to W. D.
Frierson, Stateburg, S. C. Mar. 2t*
King Cotton Seed.
limited quantity of
Apply io W. B. Boyle
THE BANK OF SUMTER,
SUMTER, S. C.
City and County Depositary
Capital stock paid in, . . $75,000 00
Undivided 3nrplos, 16,000 00
Individual liability of stockholders
io exces3 of their stock, . 75,000 00
Transacts a pecera! banking ba?iDess : also
has a Savings Bink Department Deposita of
Si and upward received Interest allowed at
the rate of 4 \er cent, per ac no ai, payable
W F. B. HAYNSWORTH, President
MARICE MOISI, W. F. REAM?,
GUN ANO LOCKSMITH.
I take pleasure in giving no?
tice to my friends and the pub?
lic generally, that, having re?
gained my health, I have re?
opened my shop, and am ready
to do any work in the
line of Guns, Locks, .Sewing
Machines, &c Prices reasona?
ble, work done promptly and
satisfaction guaranteed. Shop
cn Liberty street a few doora
east of Main.
Mch 5 JL a BRAD WELL.
Would inform their country
friends that they have now
in store and on the road 500
bags Grits, 1,000 bags Meal,
2,500 bushels Com and 400
barrels of the celebrated
In addition to this they
. would call the attention of
farmers to a consignment of
100 barrels of the GENUINE
BLISS TRIUMPH IRISH
for seed, which have proved
so successful for this section.
Also, for planting purposes,
some of the famous
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