Newspaper Page Text
Hore Favorable Prospect at End of
New York, March 14.- Bradstreet's
tomorrow will say: The week ends
more favorably than it began. This
is particularly true of weather condi?
tions and of affairs industrial, which
have improved greatly in various sec?
tions of the country. Plenteous rains
in the entire winter wheat belt and
more especially in the drought-affiict
?ed southwest, have given a needed im?
petus to that important crop which
has been likewise favored by succeed?
ing mild weather.
The apparent advent of the spring
season, and its promise of earliness
has been an important stimulant to
most lines of t?ade and industry which
were thus enabled to throw off the
fetters placed upon them by storms,
freshets and the entailed interruptions
There is less excitement but more
strength in iron and steel. Agricul?
tural implement manufacturers have
bought heavily of bars. Pittsburg
sales being reported at 100,000 tons,
almost all of it however, at old prices.
??ew buyers must pay the ad vance of
$2 per ton demanded.
Wheat was buoyed up by the report
- of the smallest reserves in farmers'
.hands by the government, Bradstreet's
calculations, based on the above,
pointing to a very small increase in
the visible au? invisible supplies in
.view of the record breaking crops in
-this country and in the world at large.
This steadied prices for a time, but
"they weakened later on the report of
the breaking of the drought in the
southwest and of additional supplies
.of moisture to winter wheat i:a other
^sections. Corn and oats for the first
time in a long while broke loose from
rthe premier cereal, reports of heavy
rain, aiding the government report of
the smallest corn receipts of 20 years
and limited farm supplies of oats. A
.strong speculative movement in May
oats is an additional feature to be
Cotton has been more irregular in
price, following the recent upward
movement and influenced, as it has
been, by the reported intention of the
Fall Ki ver cotton operatives to strike, 1
reverses to British arms in South
Africa, and more speculative disposi?
tion to realize on advances. Receipts
-of exceptionally large volume have, it j
is said, been at the expense of interior !
stocks, while exports have been, as
neretfore, very heavy. Print cloths
are stronger, in sympathy with the
general strength of all cotton goods
and also because of the threatened
^strike booked for next week.
Business failures number 224 as
against 207 last year. Canadian fail?
ures number 31 as against 28 a vear
^The Crystal Springs of Florida.
Nearly all the streams of Florida
originate in large springs of remark?
ably clear water. Some of these
springs form lakes of considerable
dimensions, while others flow off
directly in bold streams. The water
is so clear that the most minute ob?
jects, even on the bottom, are readily
distinguished, and large streams of
crystal water can be seen gushing up
through the white colored limestone
"beds beneath. At points remote form
these inlets the bottom is covered
?with the long green moss that grows
only in pure spring water; beautiful
fish of many varieties are also plainly
risible. The outlets of the springs are
generally deep, narrow and rapid
streams. Of so much importance to
Florida are these river producing
springs that the United States Geolog?
ical Survey in its investigation of the
country's water resources, has made a
series of measurements of their dis?
charge. One of the characteristic
springs, which was measured by
^hydrographer B. M. Hall, of the
Geological Survey, is Silver Spring,
near Ocala in Marion County. It is
?be head of Oclawaha Eiver and is
?Iso the head of navigation, as steam?
boats come up the river into the
spring and have a regular landing
wharf there. The river flowing out
of this spring waa found to be 60 feet
?ride. It had a mean depth of ll feet,
- a mean velocity of one foot and a" quar?
ter per second and a discharge of 822
cubic feet per second. The spring
basin is about 35 feet deep and the
temperature, late in December, was
72 degrees F. Though the water has j
a slight limestone taste, it appears to j
?ave no other mineral constituents,
and is excellent for drinking.-Press
Bulletin No. 33, ?. S. Geological
A COMPROMISE ON CUBA.
Washington, March 14.-Members of
the ways and means committee statid
with positiveness today that the con?
ferences now in progress would result
in a compromise agreement on the Cu?
ban reciprocity issue, probably on the
lines of 20 per cent, concession for or.e
or two years.
On the other hand some of the con?
ferees representing the element opposed
to the ways and means committee
stated that while an amicable adjust
.tnent undoubtedly would be reached,
there would be no consent to any plan
involving a reduction of the tarir?.
Kepresentative Fordney, of Michigan,
one of the conferees, takes this view
and has favored in the conference a
plan by which there shall be 20 per
cent, reduction of the Cuban duties
on United States goods into Cuba and
in return the payment to Cuba out of
the United States treasury of an
amount equal to 20 per cent, of the
duties on Cuban goods coming here.
Mr. Fordney holds that this will give
the desired relief without in\olving a
seduction of duty. The pian is some?
what similar to the rebate proposition
heretofore presented, except that this
payment is to go direct to Cuba in?
stead of to the planters.
The conferees continued their dis?
cussion today. At its close it was
stated that the prospects for an agree?
ment were good, but that the form of
the government was still in doubt, no
?ne plan having yet shown its advan?
tages over the other. There were no
?otes at the meeting today.
Washington, March 16.-Admiral W.
S. Schley left here today for Boston,
where he is to attend the celebration
incident to the Evacuation Day cere?
DISCUSSING CIVILIZED WARFARE.
Aguinaldo's Capture Questioned
m the Senate by Senator
Washington, March 14.-The senate
spent an hour in executive session
today on the convention growing ont
of The Hague peace conference rela?
tive to the conduct of war on land and
sea,, and finally ratified the agreement
without a division. The discussion
turned entirely on the conduct of the
war in the Philippines and related
especially to Gen. Funston's capture
Senator Teller inquired whether, if
this treaty had been in force at the
time, the method of Aguinaldo's cap
i ture could have been justified. He
quoted the provision in the treaty
relating to the- conduct of spies, and
said that he did not mean himself to
say that Gen. Fnnston's course would
not have been regular, but merely to
secure the opinion of senators who had
given attention to the treaty and who
also were familiar with the details of
Aguinaldo's capture. ,
Senator Burton replied to the in?
quiry, speaking, especially for Gen.
Fnnston, and said that he was sure
the proceeding on the general's part
had not only been humane, bnt that it
had been in accordance wtih the mles
of civilized warfare. 'It was true, he
said, that Gen. Fnnston and his force
had acted somewhat in the capacity of
spies, but what they had done had
been in the line of honorable warfare.
Senator Hoar also spoke at some
length regarding this provision in the
treaty. He referrred to Aguinaldo's
capture and said that he believed the
adoption of the treaty would have a
tendency toward elevating the conduct
of modern warfare.
Some of the members of the com?
mittee on foreign relations said briefly
that the ratification of the treaty would
place this country in accord with the
highest thought of the times, and
expressed the hope that the treaty
would receive the unanimous support
of the senate. Those who raised ques?
tions apropos of the discussion, dis?
claimed any intention to prevent favor?
The provisions of the treaty are bind?
ing only on the contracting powers in
case of war between two or more of
them and cease to be binding when a
non-contracting power joins either of
the belligerents. The most important
feature of the treaty, the contents of
which have been generally known,
is that prohibiting the use of'dum?
A RAPIST HANGED.
Oliver Greer Executed Friday in
Special to The State.
Anderson, March 14.-Oliver Greer,
a negro boy, was hanged here today
for a criminal assault committed upon
a white lady near Belton last Decem?
ber. Greer was cool and appeared un?
concerned as to his fate, and talked
freely to all visitors. He acknowl
edgde his guilt and that he deserved
The execution took place in the jail
yard at 11.19 and there was a large
crowd of both white and black, drawn
there by a morbid curiosity. Every?
thing passed off quietly.
Greer said that he was ready to die
and. that he believed his sins were
forgiven. After the rope wis adjusted
Kev. O. J. Copeland offered a four
minutes' prayer and at the conclusion
Sheriff Green sprung the trigger,
which let the body fall about six feet.
His neck was broken by the fall and
in eight minutes the physicians pro?
nounced him dead. Tho body was
taken down and turned over to his
mother and was carried to Belton for
The Anderson Guards were on duty
and kept the crowds back and preserv?
ed order. The scaffold was enclosed
by a high fence and only the legal
number of persons witnessed the hang?
A. C. L. Rates Announced.
On account of South Carolina day
at the Charleston exposition March
20th, 1902, the Atlantic Coast Line
and Columbia, Newberry and Laurens
railways beg to announce that tickets
will be sold March 19th and 20th to
Charleston limited good to return on
any train for five days from date of
sale from following points at rates
shown: Columbia, $2.75; Camden,
$2.75; Orangeburg, ?2.00: Sumter,
? mm * I -i
Washington, March 14.-Through?
out the session of the senate today the
ship subsidy bill was under considera?
tion. The measure was discussed by
Mr. Foreaker, of Ohio,. Mr. McLau
rin, of Mississippi, and Mr. Harris, of
Kansas. Mr. Foraker supported the
bill although be admitted that he
would have preferred to build up the
American merchant marine by the
levying of discriminating duties. He
was willing, however, to defer to the
judgment of the majority that the
pending measure embodied the better
A rather remarkable feat was re?
cently performed by a Mr. Fields, of
Columbia. His wife died in that city
some time ago, leaving him an infant
about 18 months old to take care of.
Being without means and desiring to
take the child to his mother in Char?
lotte, N. C., to be raised by her, Mr.
Fields undertook to roll t:ie little one
through the country in a bsby car?
riage, which he finally succeeded in do?
ing, though the long journey-over
100 miles-was a most trying one to
both father and child. Mr. Fields
passed through Lancaster with his
baby and carriage during the last
spell of sleet and rain.-Lancaster
There is an infant prodigy in the
to>vn of Harper, Kansas, which at the
age of three weeks has begun to talk
and gone into the prophesying business.
It has predicted a "six years' famine
for Kansas," and got all the people
around there so scared that they want
to sell out and migrate. But with a
six years' prospective famine ahead
there is no one hankering to buy. The
sex of the precocious talker is not
given, but the presumption is that it
is a girl.
IS IT BARTOW WARREN'S BOGY ?
I Partly Decomposed Corpse Found
in Edisto River Near Scene of
Special to The State.
Orangeburg, March 14.-The fully
dressed body of a white man was
found today in the Edisto River below
Branchville, one-quarter of a mile
from where the safe was recently left
by robbers. On his person were found
a number of addressed express envel?
opes and two money bags with money
in them. Two pistols were buckled to
the body and a cartridge belt with cart?
ridges in it. Bartow Warren's friends
who have seen the body say they think
it is his.
The body described is that of a man
of medium size, 5 feet 8 inches tall,
fully dressed and well dressed. The
whole body is slightly decomposed, the
face not being recognizable. The man
had a full set of good teeth except that
one of the upper front teeta is gold
filled. He had a full beard. Of the
express envelopes, one was addressed
to J. Warren Stratton, Athens, Ga. ;
one to D. M. Degolia, Augusta, Ga. ;
one to Booth & Batman, Athens, Ga. ;
and there was some kind of package
addressed to C. D. Dukes, Pregnall's,
S. C. There were two pistols, one a
Smith & Wesson, five-inch barrel, the
other a 38-calibre Colt's, six-inch
barrel. He had a cheap Ansonia
watch. There were two money bags
found in his pockets and each contain?
ed some money. This money was not
The body was found by Corneliius
Ott at Minus' landing, Colleton Coun?
ty. There is a difference of opinion
as to the exact point where the body
was found, whether it was below or
above the spot where the safe was
dumped into the river, but the best
opinion is that it was one-quarter of a
mile below. Those who know Warren
say that from the articles found upon
the body the indications are all that
it is Bartow Warren. The teeth, they
say, indicate that it was Warren.
A very close inspection of the body
and papers has not yet been made, as
it was pulled from the river on the
Colleton side and left on the bank,
where it will have to wait the arrival
of the coroner of that county. There
were no evidences of death from
wounds cf any kind. The dates on the
postmarks of the letters and packages
that could be deciphered was Jan. 27,
the night of the hold-up of the South?
ern train, and the taking away of the
Bartow Warren's Body identified.
Branchville, March 15.-The body
found in the Edisto river yesterday
morning was taken out this morning,
and positively identified as the body of
Bartow Warren, though the verdict
of the coroner's jury was that the man
was unknown to "them and that he
came to his death by accidental
Every one that has seen his body and
knew Warren duTing life, positively
identified it as being his body.
The pistols found on the body were
also identified as Warren's property.
There was a camp fixed just across
the river from where the body was
found just large enough for one man
to sleep in. This was in sight of
where the safe was tied on the night
of Jan. 27th. The supposition now is
that Warren was at this camp watch?
ing the safe when the officers found it,
and seeing they were pretty close and
fearing capture, tried to swim the
river and was drowned in the attempt.
It was generally thought that Warren
was at the head of both of the, ex press
robberies which occurred near Fifty
There were several express envelopes
found on the bodv, ail of which con?
The body will probably be taken to
the neighborhood of Warren's home
near Williams, S. C., for burial.
Mr. McCown Will Index Historical
Columbia, March 15.-Under the
act authorizing the secretary of state
to index, arrange and' classify the
valuable historical records in his
office, and place them in another room
in the building in proper cases so that'
they may be available for ready refer?
ence, Secretary of State Cooper yester?
day appointed Mr. R. M. McCown,
the painstaking assistant clerk of the
senate, to do the work. Mr. McCown
is here and will at once enter upon the
arduous task before him. The act ap?
propriated 8900 for the prosecution of
the work, and $1,000 for the putting
in of proper fire-proof shelving for the
preservation of the records. The work
will very likely occupy a year, and ne?
cessitate the utmost care and pa?ns.
Mme N?rdica had an experience at
Wichita Tuesday evening. The local
manager was very enterprising. He
planned to have tho sound of her
voice spread abroad by telephone and
to have it recorded in phonographs.
Mme N?rdica protested before the
concert against having the instruments
used when she was singing, but the
manager succeeded in concealing a
number of telephones and phonographs
about the stage. Therefore when the
great singer began to captivate the large
audience before her by her wonderful
voice she was singing to the towns all
around Witchita. In the meanwhile
phonographs were taking down her
notes so that Wichita has an unlimited
stock of N?rdica concerts on hand.
When, on the following day, Mme
N?rdica went to Topeka she caused
her own manager to make a thorough
inspection of the Auditorium to make
sure that there were no telephones,
phonographs or any other 'phones
concealed about the place.
J A man has just been sent to the
Long Island city jail for vagrancy who
twenty years ago owned real estate at
Far Rockaway that was valued at
81,000,000 He was thrifty as a young
man and invested his money in real
estate which greatly advanced in
value. Then, when his fortune was
made, he began neglecting business
and spending money recklessly.
Washington, March 14.-Wm. A.
Rodenberg of Fast St. Louis, 111., to?
day subi rutted to President Roosevelt
his resignation as a member of the
United States civil service commission
to take effect April 1. President
Roosevelt accepted the resignation in
a letter expressing regret at the step.
I GREAT FLOODS IN
GEORGIA AND ALABAMA.
The Soulhern and Seaboard Rail?
roads the Principal Sufferers.
Atlanta, March 16.-Heavy rains yes?
terday and last night in northern and
middle Georgia today caused the
Atlanta weather bureau to send flood
warnings to Eufaula, Ala., and West
Point and Columbas, Ga., predicting
a rapid rise in the Chattahoochee.
North Alabama was deluged as were
portions of south Georgia and northern
Florida, and streams in those sections
of the south are out of their banks.
At Albany, Ga., the Flint river, which
rose at the rate of a foot an hour last
night, has not reached its maximum
height expected yet. The rainfall
there in the past three days is nearly
three inches. Many sewers burst' and
houses in the low lying quarter of the
town were surrounded by water for
several hours. The tracks of the Cen?
tral of Georgia and Plant System be?
tween Albany and Thomasville are
under water in several places.
The Chattahoochee at Columbus rose
seven feet today, and is still on the
upward move. The Southern has a
washout near Mole?a, Ga., on one of
its small branches. The washout near
Everett City has not yet been repaired
and has prevented the departure of J.
Pierpont Morgan and party, who were
to have left Brunswick yesterday for
Cincinnati, by way of Atlanta, Mr.
Morgan, however, expects to depart
Traffic on the Central of Georiga was
delayed several hours by a washout
near Union Springs, Ala.
Some damage was done to the town
of Cordele, Ga., by the heavy rains,
and a washout is reported near there.
A special to The Constitution from
Brunswick. Ga., says:
Information reaching Brunswick to?
night is to the effect that the sur?
rounding country is flooded as a result
of the recent rains.
Rain has been coming down in tor?
rents here since neon, and there is no
indication of cessation. Not a train
is moving over the Brunswick and
Birmingham railroad. Through Buffa?
lo swamp, water is over the track for
nearly a mile, and passengers are un?
able to get to Brunswick. The Plant
System's track is intact.
The Altamaha river is still high,
but is reported falling north of here.
A special from Montgomery, Ala.,
says: The Seaboard Air Line suffered
severely by last nights' rains, and its
trains in this part of the State are in?
definitely annulled. It lost a bridge
and considerable track near Hurts
boro, and lesser washouts are report?
ed at other points
The Mills Short on Cotton.
From the New York Commercial Ad?
vertiser, March 13.
The following letter was received by
Baily & Montgomery this morning from
Spartanburg, S. C. :"I am getting let?
ters from North Carolina mills every
day or so asking me to have cotton
shipped to them at once that was
bought by them for April, May, June
and July shipment, stating in their
letters that they are entirely out of
cotton. Some of these are large mills.
What does this mean if the mills have
enough cotton? I am having cotton
shipped to these mills and three
months ahead of the time that it was
sold to be shipped. I am of the opin?
ion that the mills of the Carolinas are
much shorter of cotton than they ap?
pear to be. There can be no doubt
that the mills expected to buy cotton
for prompt shipment to run them up
to May, but the price has advanced so
much-xhat they are hoping for a reac?
tion on which to buy their cotton,
and are asking for late contracts to be
shipped to run them."
How Gen. Jenkins was Killed.
Gen. Micah Jenkins was killed by
our own men at the Wilderness on the
6th of May, 1864, not far from where
Stonewall Jackson was mortally
wounded after the battle of Chancel?
lorsville in May, 1863. General
Longstreet was badly wounded
by the volley that killed Jenkins,
which was fired through mistake at the
Twelfth Virginia regiment by their
comrandes of Mahone's brigade. The
troops were moving down the Plank
road at a critical moment of the bat?
tle, Jenkins' brigade by the road and
Kershaw's division along side. Gen.
Longstreet rode at the head of the
column, accompanied by Jenkins and
Kershaw, after discussing the proposed
disposition of their troops for reopen?
ing battle, Jenkins rode closer to
Longstreet, and said : "I am happy; I
have felt despair of the cause for some
months, but am now relieved, and
feel assured that we will put the
enemy back across the Rapidan before
night." These were the last words he
ever spoke. The Twelfth Virginia had
been in advance, and was returning to
its place across the Plank road when
the other regiments of the brigade
opened fire, believing it was an ad?
vance of the enemy. The Virginians
threw themselves to the ground in or?
der to let the fire pass over them,
when the group of officers rode into
tho line of fire, and Jenkins fell
mortally wounded. Longstreet was
struck with a minie ball, which pass?
ed through his throat and right shoul?
der. Capt. Alfred Doby, of Ker?
shaw's staff, and an orderly named
Bowen were killed instantly.
These facts are stated because so
many errors have been published re?
cently in regard to Gen. Jenkins,
growing out of the prominence given
to his son in an incident due to the
unfortunate conduct of others. Gen.
Jenkins held the rank of brigadier
general, which he received for gallant
and meritorious conduct at Seven
Pines, Gaines' Mill and Frazier's Farm
in 1862. Jenkins' brigade was in the
act of returning the fire from a sup?
posed enemy, when Kershaw's clear
voice rang out, "Friends:" their arms
were recovered, without a shot in re?
turn, and the men threw themselves
down on their faces. Greenville
London, March 17.-With reference
to tho Russo-Japanese war rumors
the St. Petersburg correspondent of
the Times says he is able to vouch
that the Siberian railroad is declining
consignments from merchants because
the resources of the line are fully oc?
cupied in forwarding troops and war
material to Vadivostok.
WORST STORM OF THE WINTER.
Severe Blizzard Raging for Thir?
ty-Six Hours in Northwest.
i St. Paul, Minn., March 16.-North
Dakota and the Canadian northwest
has experienced the worst snow storm
in many' years and railroad traffic is
practically paralyzed. The Northern
Pacific and Great Northern have not
moved a wheel for nearly 36 hours in
the blizzard-stricken district and have
abandoned all efforts to do so until the
j fury of the storm shall abate. The
! high wind has piled the snow inmoun
i tains and packed it in solid masses,
I many deep cuts being entirely filled.
I The temperature has been gradually
j falling and is now at or below the zero
mark. Not a trans-continental train
has arrived at St. Paul since Friday
and none is expected for several days.
The Northern Pacific reports its west?
bound coast trains which left St. Paul
yesterday morning tied up at Fargo,
the road beyond there being blocked.
It will start a coast bound train to?
morrow morning and hopes to be able
to get it through. The eastbound
train due here Saturday morning is
held at Mandan, N. D., and no" at?
tempt will be made to move it before
tomorrow. Every effort is being made
by the road to keep its passengers who
are snowbound warm and well fed and
for this reason trains are being held
at stations where the accommodations
are good rather than attempt to get
them through with a possibility of
being tied up between stations. The
Red Valley division of the Northern
Pacific between Frankfort and Winni?
peg is entirely abandoned. No trains
have attempted to run since Friday
j night and the exact conditions on this
division are not known by the general
officers here, as the telegraph wires
have been carried down by the burden
of sleet that preceded the heavy snow?
The situation on the Great North?
ern is equally bad. The line is tied
up entirely between Grand Forks and
Williston, N. D., a distance of about
35 miles, and all wires have been lost
beyond Fargo. All communication
with western Dakota and Montana
points has been lost. So fierce has
been the storm that it has been inad?
visable to attempt to reopen the road
until it abates. Reports received at
the general offices tonight indicate that
the gale has somewhat subsided, but
that the snow still continues to fall.
The branch of the Great Northern
running to Winnipeg is also tied up.
No trains have been started northward
since Friday night and those tha't
were caught out on the road by the
storm have been held at the station
near the border.
Winnipeg is reported entirely cut
off from railroad communication with
the outside world. The Canadian
Pacific trans-continental trains are
snowbound somewhere west of there,
andj no prospect of relief is yet in
The storm started on Friday,
being preceded by a light rainfall and
accompnied by high winds. The rain
soon turned to sleet and then to snow
and this has fallen without cessation
for more than 136 hours. The terrific
gale drifted the snow badly and it is
next to impossible to wade through
the streets. Business of ali kinds has
been ata standstill since Friday night.
So far as known there has been no
loss of life, but owing to the demoral?
ized condition of the wires little news
has been received from the remote
districts. The farmers hail the advent
of the snow with delight, as the
ground has been very dry, and this
abundance of moisture will put it in
excellent shape for the spring seeding.
Kalamazoo, Mich., March 16.-With?
in the past 12 hours there has been a
fall in temperature of nearly 40 degrees.
A gale is blowing and a blizzard is1
raging throughout southern Michi?
FARMERS !H THE 0Z?RK HILLS.
They Suffer on Account of the
Failure of Last Year's Crop.
. Forysyth. Mo, March 16.-Hundreds
of farmers in the Ozark hills of South?
ern Missouri and Northern Arkansas,
whose crops failed dering last sum?
mer's droughts, are living in a despe?
rately poor way on short rations. It
is estimated that probably 10 per cent
of the population in the district has
felt thc pangs of hunger this winter.
Offers of aid have been refused. The
chief distress now comes from a lack
of seed for the spring planting. This
is being relieved by the distribution
of seed purchased by the Governor of
Arkansas, with money personally bor?
rowed from the banks. A member of
the Missouri State board of chanties,
who has just investigated the situa?
tion at the request of Governor Dock
ery, will recommend that the Missouri
delegation in Congress send what
Government seeds they can.
No Strike in Fall River.
Fali River, Mass.. March 15.- At a
meeting of the Fall River Manufac?
turers' association held this afternoon
it was voted to increase wages in all
Fall River mills 10 per cent, on next
Monday morning. The meeting was
attended by nearly all those who had
signed the agreement not to advance
wages more than 6 per cent. The
street in front of the association rooms
was crowded with people who anxious?
ly awaited the result of their delibera
I tions. This meeting ended shortly
? before 5 o'clock and when the an
I nouncement that the increase had
been granted was made known, a
cheer went up and the news spread
rapidly. Today's events have been
the most sensational in years in the
local textile industry as never before
have matters gone so far, and a strike
Fa'l River, Mass., March 17.-As
the textile corporations in the city
had granted the 10 per cent, advance
in wages, taking effect today every
mill but one, the Sagamore, started
up in full today. The weavers were
granted the 10 per cent, increase with
the rest, but as the questioner which
they have been fighting for the past
ten* weeks, the length of cuts was not
settled, the members of the weavers'
association refused to return to work
i GENERAL METHUEN
I EXPLAINS HIS DEFEAT.
?The Boers Wore Khaki Uniform.
and Deceived British Soldiers.
j London, March 16.-The war office
i has received the following communica
j tion from Lord Kitchener at Pre?
"Lord Methuen has sent me a staff
officer with dictated dispatch from
which it appears that certain particu?
lars previously given are inaccurate.
The rear screen of mounted troops was
rushed and overwhelmed at dawn.
There was a gap of a mile between the
ox and the mule convoys. The mount?
ed supports to the rear of the screen
with Gen. Methuen immediately, re?
enforced by all the available mounted
troops and a section of the Thirty
eighth battery, maintained themselves
for an hour, during which the convoys
were closed upon without disorder,
j In the meanwhile'200 infantry were
being disposed by Lord Metheun to*
resist the Boer attack, which was out?
flanking the left of* the rear guard.
The Boers pressed that attack hard
and mounted troops, attempting to
fall back on the infantry, got com?
pletely out of hand, carrying away
with them in the rout the bulk of the
raounted troops. Two guns of the
Thirty-eighth battery were thus left
unprotected but continued in action
until every man, with the exception,
of Lieut. Nesham was hit. Lieut.
Nesham was called on to surrender
and upon refusing to do so was killed..
.'Lord Methuen with two hundred
of the Northumberland Fusiliers and.
two guns of the Fourth battery them
found himself isolated, but fought on.
for three hours. During this period
the remaining infantry, namely, 100*
of the Lancashires with some 40
mounted men, mostly Cape police who
had occupied the kraal near the
wagons, also continued to hold out.
against the repeated attacks of the
"By this time Lord Methuen was.
wounded and the casualties were ex?
ceedingly heavy amongst his men.
Their ammunition was mostly expend?
ed and the surrender was made at
about half past 9 in the morning.
"The party in the kraal still held
out and did not give in until two guns*,
and a pompom were brought to bear
upon them at about 10 o'clock, mak?
ing their position untenable.
"It is confirmed that most of the
Boers wore /khaki uniforms. Many
also wore our badges. Even at close
quarters they could not be distin?
guished from our men.
"It is clear the infantry fought well,
and the artillery kept up the traditions
of the regiment. In addition to the
40 members of the Cape police already
mentioned, a few parties of Imperial
yeomanry and Cape police continued
to hold their ground after the panic
had swept the bulk of the mounted
troops off the field."
TOO LARGE A GAP.
London, March 16.-Lord Kitchen?
er's report showing the fight lasted
much longer than was supposed, con?
firms the belief that the disaster to
Gen. Methuen's force was due to leav?
ing too large a gap between the front
convoy and the rear, and to placing an
insufficient screen behind the rear?
guard, which brought about a panic
among the troops as a result of the
Boer onslaught. .
Much resentment is felt ' here that
the Boers wore British uniforms and
badges, but satisfaction is expressed
at the latest accounts of the affair,
as indicating that the British troops,
behaved better than was supposed from
the earlier reports.
From other dispatches it appears
that Gen. Methuen was shot while
riding to bring up the mounted troops
and that his horse was killed. After
the surrender Gen. De La Rey rode up
and treated Gen. Methuen with the
greatest courtesy and consideration.
He ordered his return to Klerksdorp
under the care of his own nephew Jand
a medical officer.
According to the Klerksdorp corres?
pondent of The Daily Mail the burgh?
ers were so angry at this that a party
of them went out and brought Gen.
Methuen back, Gen. De La Rey,
however, overruled the objections or
The correspondent of The Daily Mail
pays a tribubte to Gen. De Lia Rey'in?
humanity and describes him as a.
' 'brilliant fighter and a born leader
who brings no bitterness or racial feel?
ing to his task, and who sternly re?
presses any excesses on the part of
Further evidence of the ability of
the Boers to penetrate the blockhouse
lines is contained in a dispatch from
Heilbron, Orange River Colony, which
describes how Commander Mentz, on .
the night of March 10, crossed the
Heilbron-Wolvehoek railroad line at
Gottenberg. One Boer advanced, fir?
ing his rifle. Two pickets between
the blockhouse returned the fire and
killed the Boer and his horse. The
Boers then cut the wire fence and
drove-in a mob of loose horses which
knocked down 200 yards of the fence
Commandant Mentz then dashed
through with over 300 Boers and the
pickets were powerless to stop the over?
whelming rush. .
Mew York Cotton Market
Corrected daily by I. H. Moses, Cot?
ton Merchant, Member N. Y. Cot?
ton Exchange. Orders promptly
executed. Sumter, S. C.
The New York cotton market open?
ed steady at 2 to 3 point higher and
improved one or two points more by
eleven a. m. Market remained quiet
and steady the balance of the day,
ranging between 8.90 and 8.S6 for May.
Liverpool is expected to be lower in
the morning. Market closed quite
and steady at unchanged prices to 1 (
March, S. 95-98 8.96-97
April, 8.99 S.96-97
May, 8.89 8.87-88
Jafv, 8.92 8.90-91
August, 8.72 8.69-70
New York spots 9f?
Receipts today 22,121. Last year,
_ mm . ? ? . mm
"Mr. President," said the Senator
from Oklahoma, forcing himself to be
calm, "as it is my intention to take
a swift punch at the Senator from Ari?
zona, I move you, sir, that the Senate *
go into executive session and form a
ring." And it was so ordered.