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& NEW COTTON REGION.
African Cotton Equals American
Demonstrated by Negroes From
Berlin, March 13.- The negroes of
the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial
institute who were engaged the latter
part of 1900 by the German govern?
ment to teach the natives of Togo
iand, German West Africa, how to
grow cotton have, according to the re?
port of the colonial committee, suc?
ceeded in producing cotton which is
graded on the Bremen exchange above
American middling. The Tuskegee
negroes have demonstrated that the
land in Togoland is suitable for cotton
of which there is great abundance.
The only- obstacle to the commercial
utilization of this product is transpor?
tation and especially getting, the bales
to the coast. The colonial committee
has sent au expedition of engineers
to survey for a railroad from the coast
town of Lome to Palime, in the inte?
A REBELLION IN NEW YORK.
Dispute as to Who is Sheriff of
New York, March 13.-Five deputy
sheriffs and clerks, who formerly serv?
ed under Sheriff Guden, of Kings
County, and who accepted office un?
der Norman S. Dike, whom Governor
Odell appointed to the office, left
Dike's office today and returned to
Guden. One of these men was Timothy
Dady, brother of Michael J. Dady.
This defection left three of Guden's
former deputies in office under [Dike.
When Guden entered the sheriff's
office today he said he was ready for
business and expected to have con?
siderable of it to attend to.
Governr Odell deicded to telegraph
instructions to Dike to take posses?
sion of the sheriff's immediately, us?
ing force if necessary, and to seize
the books and records of the office
wherever found. Dike swore in thirty
special deputies. Guden has locked
up all papers in his possession in
the office safe preparatory to standing
siege if that should be. necessary.
Practically Starving. -
''After using a few bottles of Kodol Dys?
pepsia Cure my wife received perfect and
permanent relief from a severe and chronic
-case of stomach trouble." says J R Holly,
real estate insurance and loan agent, of
Macomb, UL "Before using Kodol Dys?
pepsia Cure she could not eat an ordinary
meal without incense suffering. She is
now entirely cured. Several physicians
and many remedies had failed to give re?
lief." You don't have to diet, eat any
gooci food you want, but don't overload
the stomach. Kodol Dyspepsia Cure will
always digest it for you. J S Hughson <fe
MB SftlF^ SUBSIDY RILL
The Syndicate Organizer Dis?
cussed by the Senate.
"g Washington, March 13.-The senate
resumed consideraton of the ship sub?
sidy measure today and Mr. Berry of
Arkansas, a member of the commerce
committee, which reported the bill,
made a vigorous agument in opposition
to it. He charged that it would foster
trusts and monopolies in the shipping
industry and that already J. Pierpont
Morgan and his associates were form?
ing a syndicate for the control of the
shipping on the Atlantic. In this con?
nection he became involved in a collo?
quy with Mr. Hanna of Ohio, who
maintained that the ships acquired by
Morgan from foreign countries could
not participate in the subsidies pro?
vided in the pending measure.
Mr. Perkins of California, another
member of the commerce committee,
delivered a carefully prepared speech
in support of the bill, maintaining
that it would add to the prosperity of
the entire country.
It is proposed to raise half a million
dollars to erect a "religious" building
at St. Louis in connection with the
Exposition. The Southern Christian
Advocate asks: "Are we to have a
repetition of the farce which was
enacted in the so-called "Congress of
Religions" at the "Columbian
World's Fair" in Chicago in 1S93? In
that " Congress, " Confucius, Buddha
and Mohammed were put on an equal?
ity with the Lord Jesus Christ, the
Lord of Lords, the King of Kings,
whose name is above every other name.
And now Christians are asked to
further dishonor their Lord by mak- i
ing a competitive exhibition of i
Christianity with all the mongrel
religions of the world. The object of ]
the religious building will be to "ex?
ploit results and exhibit the triumphs j
of religion in ail ages." The South?
ern Methodist EChaich willj not be a j
party to such profanation of the
Could Not Breathe.
Coughs, colds, croup, grip. bronchitis,
other throat and lung troubles are quick?
ly cared by One minute Cough Care. One
minute Cough Care is not merely an ex?
pectorant which gives oniy temporary re?
lief. It softens and liquifies the mucuos,
draws out the incarnation and removes the j
cause of the di^eu-e. Absolutely safe.
Acts at once. "Oat Minute Cough Cure
Wili do all that is claimed for it,"* says
Justice of the Peace. J Q Hood, Crosby,
Miss. "My wife could uot get her breath
and was relieved by the first done. It
has been a benefit to all my family.*' J S
-------?O III i
REPUBLICANS AT LOGGERHEADS.
The Fourth Conference on Cuban
Reciprocity Results Only in
Arousing Bad Blood.
Washington, March ll.:-About 130
members were present tonight at the
fourth conference of house Republi?
cans called to consider the question of
Cuban reciprocity. Representative
Long of Kansas, a member of the ways
and means committee, opened an ex?
haustive argument in favor of the 20
er cent, concession advocated by his
colleagues of the ways and means
committee. He argued that the main?
tenance of a protective tariff was not
involved in the proposition of the ways
and means committee but that the
policy of reciprocity was.
'The defeat of this bill," said he,
"means that the Republican party has
refused to follow the leadership of
Blaine, of McKinley and of Roosevelt,.
and it would mean that reciprocity was
no longer a part of the Republican
He insisted that the hearings before
the committee on ways and means
showed conclusively that concessions
made on Cuban sugar would not affect
the price of sugar in this county, and
that the beet sugar industry could'not
In conclusion Mr. Long said :
"If this legislation fails, and no
concession be made to Cuba-if the
policy of President McKinley and
President Roosevelt be defeated by
this house-it does not mean that the
beet sugar industry, by the control of
this house, can prevent free sugar
from Cuba. After the establishment
of the Republic of Cuba, a treaty can
be negotiated with that country by
the president. That treaty can pro?
vide for the annexation of . Cuba and
that treaty can be submitted to the
senate and ratified. The moment that
ratifications are exchanged, under the
decision of the supreme court in the
Porto Rican case, we would have free
trade on all products with Cuba."
When Mr. ' Long finished speaking
Mr. Taylor of Ohio presented a pro?
test against the plan of the ways and
means committee. It was in the na?
ture of a manifest setting out of the
grounds on which their opposition is
based, being largely an amplification
of the contention that a reduction of
tl' duty on Cuban reciprocity involv?
ed a relaxation of the protective princi?
ple. In lieu of the Tawney proposi?
tion for rebate Mr. Tayler offered a
resolution declaring for adequate
protection to the cane and beet sugar
industries and the policy of reciproci?
ty, favoring commercial agreements
with Cuba in harmony with our na?
tional policy of protecion and reciproc?
"That no further action be taken
respecting the proposition to reduce
the tariff on. Cuban products coming
into this country."
Wm. A. Smith of Michigan made a
rousing speech of over an hour against
reciprocity. While announcing great
admiration for tbe president he insist?
ed that there should be no executive
interference with the legislative branch
of the government. He also assailed
the organization of the house for lead?
ing the party into disaster and paid
his respects to some members of the
ways and means committee who, he
asserted, have changed their position
on the reciprocity question within the
last few weeks. As the evening ad?
vanced considerable bad blood was
^manifested. The opponents of the
! reciprocity seemed confident of a ma?
jority and were anxious for a vote
while the friends of reciprocity coun?
seled against precipitate action. Mr.
Cannon of Illinois made an appeal for
harmony and strongly advised against
Cuban Reciprocity Scheme Will
be Shorn of Real Value to the
Washington, March 12.-Overtures
have been made for the compromise of
the conflict over tariff concessions to
Cuba and there are evidences that the
two elements will come together, prob?
ably on a proposition to have the 20
per cent, reciprocal reduction apply
for one year from next December and
covering one sugar crop.
Prominent members of the ways
and means committee who have thus
far led the contest for Cuban recipro?
city have signified a willingness to
accept this compromise proposition.
The overtures of compromise are to
be consideed by three Republicans
from each side, namely. For the ways
and means. Chairman Payne, Repre?
sentative Dalzell and Cannon: for the
opposition to the ways and means,
Representatives Dick o:f Ohio, Ford
ney of Michigan and Morris of Minne?
Soon after the overtures of com?
promise were made the leaders of the
element opposed to the ways and means
committee called a conference. The
sentiment was rather unfavorable to
accepting the plan of 20 per cent,
reduction for one year from next
December and some of those present
were favorable to rejecting the plan.
But it was urged against this course
that so long as overtures for adjust?
ment had been made in good faith, it
was only proper to meet the commit?
tee representing the ways and means.
It was therefore decided by vote to
name a committee to meet Messrs.
Payne, Dalzell and Cannon. Later
Mr. Payne and his associates were
formally advised that they would be
met by a committee from the other
side. As lhere was a desire to consult
the wishes of all those cooperating
with the op ?position forces, a call was
issued to meet at 2 p. m., tomorrow,
at which time final plans will be made.
During the meeting the statement
was made that one of the beet sugar
advocates had been assured by repre?
sentatives of the ways and means com?
mittee that the plan of compromise
would n<>i cover this year's sugar crop
and would apply only to the crop of
next year, harvested prior to Decem?
ber, 1903. Some doubt existed, how?
ever, as to the<;e assurances, and it was
consider.-! quite vital to learn with
definiteness whether the 20 per cent,
reduction would apply to two crops or
It was stated afterwards by ways
and means committee members that
the compromise plans would affect two
crops-that of this year and next-al?
lowing 20 per cent, off on each. eerTh
was no purpose, it was stated, to limit
the reduction to a single crop. This
matter probably will be left to the
arbitrating committee with the indica?
tions that the beet sugar conferees
will insist on limiting the reduction
to one crop, that of next year, and
with that limitation will be inclined to
accept the plan of compromise.
For the Complexion.
The complexion always suffers from
oilliousness or constipation. Unless the
bowels are kept open the impurities from
the body appear in the form of unsightly
eruptions. |DeWitt's Little Early Risers
keep the liver and bowels in a healthy con?
dition and remove the cause of such
troubles. C. E. Hoope*;, Albany, Ga., says :
"I took Dewitt's Little Early Risers for
billiousness. They were just what I need?
ed, I am feeling better now than in years."
Never gripe or distress. Safe, thorough
and gentle. The very best pills. J. S.
Hughson & Co.
Excursion Rates Announced by Southern
Southern Baptist Convention, Ashe
Tiile, N. C., May 8-15.-Account of
this occasion Southern Railway an?
nounces rate of one first class fare for
the round trip from all points on its
lines to Asheville, N, C., and return.
Dates of sale May 6 to 10 inclusive,
final limit May 21st., 1902, except that
by deposit of tickets with Joint Agent
Asheville on or before May 15th, and
payment of fee of fity cents, an exten?
sion to not later than June 2nd 1902
may be obtained.
Annual Meeting General Assembly
of the Presbyterian Church, Jackson,
Miss. May 4-27.-Southern Railway
annonuces rate of on? first class fare
for the round trip to Jackson, Miss.,
andjreturn, from all points : tickets will
be sold May 12, 15, and 14, with final
limit May 30, 1902. The Southern
Railway in connection with the
Q. & C. via Birmingham is most
direct route to Jackson, Miss. For
detailed information, tickets, etc., call
on nearest agent Southern Ry.jor con?
Annual Meeting Southern Educa?
tional Association, Chattanooga, Tenn.,
July 1-4.-For this occasion Southern
Railway announces rate of one first
class faie for the round trip, plus
$2.00 membership fee to Chattanooga
and return, from all points account of
this occasion. Dates of sale June 27,
July. 1st., inclusive, with final limit
July 6th, 1902, except that by deposit
of tickets with joint agent on or
before July 6th and payment of fee of
fifty cents an extension of not later
than September 10th, 1902 may be ob?
tained. Persons living at unimport?
ant points should notify agent date in
advance on which they wish to leave
so that he can provide>proper tickets
National Convention People's Party,
Louisville, Ky., April 2.-Account of
above occasion Southern Ry., an?
nounces rate of one first class fare for
the round trip to Louisville, Ky., and
return, from all points. Tickets to
be sold March 30th, and 31st, and
April 1st., with final limit April 4,
1902. For detailed information as to
rates, reservations, tickets, etc., ap?
ply to any agent of the Southern Ry.,
connecting lines or address, W. H.
Tay loe, Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent,
A tan ta, Ga., R. W. Hunt, Div. Pass.
Agent, Charleston, S. C.
Surgeon's Knife Not Needed.
Surgery is no longer necessary to cure
piles. Dewitt's Witch Hazel Salve cures
such cases at once, removing the necessity
for dangerous, painful and expensive
operations. For scalds, cuts, burns,
wounds, bruises, sores and skin diseases it
is unequaled. Beware of counterfeits. J.
S. Hughson & Co.
DEPARTURE OF TRAINS FROM SUMTER.
The following is the scheduled leav?
ing time of all trains carrying passen?
gers from this city, including local
A. C. L.
No. 35-Orangeburg, Augusta and
Atlanta, 4.33 a. m.
No. 32- Florence and ?Northern
points, 6.19 p. m.
No. 9-Local freight, Sumter to
Robbins, 6.30 a. m.
No. 12-Local freight, Sumter to
Florence, 3.10 p. m.
No. 54-Sumter to Florence, 8.20
No. 55-Sumter to Columbia, 9.15
No. 56-Darlington, Bennettsville,
Gibson and Bishopville, 6.50 p. m.
No. 24-Local freight, Bishopville,
Darlington and Hartsville, 10 a. m.
No. 59-Sumter to Charleston,
Tuesday, Thursday* and Saturday,
8.25 a. m.
% No. 52-Sumter to Columbia 9.25 a.
No. 5.3-Sumter to Charleston, 6.13
No. 35 makes connection at Creston
for Eu taw vi Ile and other points on
NORTHWESTERN R. R.
No 73-Mixed train-Sumter to Wil?
son's Mill, 3 p. m.
No. 71-Sumter to Camden 9.45 a.
No 69-Mixed-Sumter to Camden,
6.25 p. m.
No. 80-Sumter to Charleston, and
Columbia, 6.40 a. m.
No. 82- Sumter to Camden, 10.20
No. 84-Sumter to Camden, 3.30
j p. m.
A Printer Greatly Surprised.
*'I wa? never so much surprised in my
life as I was with the nsults of using
Chamberlain's Pain Balm," says Henry T.
("rook, pressman of the Asheville. <N C)
Gazette. UI contracted a severe case of
rheumatism early last winter by getting
my feet wet. 1 tried several tiiiu^r-- for it
without benefit. One day while looking
j over the Gazette, i notice;! that Pain Balm
was positively guaranteed to cure rheuma?
tism, so bought a bottle of it and before
j usinr*- t***o thirds of it my rheumatism had
j taken its Hight and 1 havs not had a rheu
I matic pain since." Sold by Dr. A J. China.
Stand by the Cow Pea !
To the Editor of The News and
Courier: In your issue of 8th instant
Mr. W. W. McLeod, of James Island,
has something to say about the velvet
bean, and in view of this and other
articles that have appeared it may be
not only of interest but of value to
farmers throughout the State to hear
something of experiments made here- j
In the summer of '99 two npland j
plots were sowed ; one in velvet beans,
the other in cowpeas, Potash and 1
phosphates, but no nitrogen, were ap I
piled equally to the two plots; seeds at
the rate of 7 bushels per acre was
picked from the peas, none from the
bean-no seed maturing. The plots
were again sowed the next summer
in beans and peas with about the same
In the fall the plots were seeded with
"Alabama" wheat and in the spring
of 1901 the yield was at the rate of
18.7 bushels from the bean plot and
22.7 bushels from the peas plot. Thus
it will be seen that the latter plot
produchd, from the spring of '99 to
the spring of 1901, inclusive, 22 bush?
els of grain in excess of the bean plot.
In these experiments no vines were
taken from the land. Other plantings
of the pea and bean in the river bot?
toms have not demonstrated the bean
to be a desirable forage crop; unlike
Mr. McLeods' experience, it made an
immense yield, but the vines were so
intertwined amongst each other and the
mass so dense that it was impossible
to cut them : some were pulled off by
hand, but spoiled in the curing and
the opinion is held here that they
cannot he cured except in a long con
tinned spell of dry weather. It is
thought, however, that this bean may
have some value for destroying noxi?
ous plants, becausejof the dense shade
that it will make.
It is also of some value as a renovat?
or if time enough can be given, but
will not grow as quickly as the cow
Clemson, March 9.
Mr. C B Wingfield, of Fair Play^ Mo.,
who suffered from chronic dysentery for
. thirty five years, says Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera aed Dianheoa Remedy did him
more good than any other medicine he had
ever used. For sale by Dr A J China.
Trains leave Straiter, S C. for Ring?
ville, etc, daily except Sunday, No 80, 6 40
am : No 82, 10 20 am ; No 84, 3 30 pm.
Trains arrive Sumter from Ringville,
etc, daily except Sunday, No 81, 9 10 am ;
No 83, ll 45 am ; No 85, 5 00 pm.
Close connection at Ringville for Co?
lumbia and Charleston and intermediate
points, trains carrying through sleepers
Ringville to New York, via Columbia,
Charlotte, etc, Ringville to St Louis, via
Asheville, Rnoxville and Louisville.
COLUMBIA, & C
H88 a Storage capacity of 20,000
Bales of Colton Stores and insures
Cotton for 15 cenfB per Bale per
month or fractiooal month Lower
rates on 500 Bales and above. 8pe
cia! rates for six months and season
All railroads running into Columbia
permit Cotton to be stopped for storage
and reshipped at any time during the sea?
son at the through rate from original start
ing point, with only a trifle charge for
Cotton consigned to Columbia has the
advantage of active competition when sold,
and loans can always be secured on our
. Warehouse receipts at minimum rates. No
commission or other charges for selling
" cotton. Correspondence solicited.
H. L. ELLIOTT, Manager.
Nov 13 v
THE SUMTER SAIGS BANK,
SUMTER, S. C.
ESTABLISHED SEPT. 26,1901.
CAPITAL STOCK - $25,000.
Does a Savings Bank business. De?
posits received from 25 cents upwards.
Interest computed quarterly on the
first days of January, April, July and
October, at the rate of 4 per cent, per
Deposits may be made by mail or ex?
press and a bank book will be prompt?
Call in and see the Home Savings
Bank. This is something new and
will interest you. We lend it to you
free of charge, the only condition
being that you have a deposit of $1.00
with us. Try one of these Banks and
tho amount you can save will surprise
HORACE KARBY, President,
I. C. STRAUSS, Vice President,
G. L. RICKER, Casnier.
Horace Harbv, I. C. Strauss,
Marion Moise J." M. Knight, D. J.
Chandler, G. A. Lemon, B. G.
I will give prompt attention to all calls
for surveying, platting, terracing hill sides,
draining bottoms. ?$rc.
HANKS H. B?YKIN, D. S..
Oct ll? -o Catchall, S. C.
South Carolina Day
at Charleston Exposition
THURSDAY, MARCH 20,1902.
See very low rates via Southern Raihv ay.
For Infants and Children.
? A\?2?&blePrepara?ionfcrAs- j
ii; simila?in? ?iieFcodandBegu?a
r i ting ?he Stomaciis aMBovrels of
j Promotes Digeslion?heer?ur
j Opium,Morp?iine nor "Minerai.
?tOT ^?ARC OTIC .
Pumpfan Steel' ?
Rochell* Sells- I
Peppenwil - /
Aperfeci Remedy for Constipa?
tion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions Jeverish
I ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature oF
A t b Sit 0 n rh>: pl cl :
J5 Dosts-55C i MS
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
THE CENTAUR COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY.
We took in a lot of
: Good : Young : Stock s
Winch have since fattened up, and being
acclimated are really more fit for present use
than fresh ones. .
The time approaches when planters are pre?
paring for the next year. Gome and see them.
They will be sold worth the money.
HARBY & CO.
THE GREAT HIGHWAY
OF TRADE AMD TRAVEL.
Uniting' the Principal Commercial
Centers and lealth and Pleasure
Resorts of the South with the & J&
NORTH, EMT and WEST
High-Class Vestibule Trains? Through Sleeping-Cars
b?tw??n View York anni New Orleans? tria Atlanta.
Cincinnati ann Florida Points via Atlanta and via
Now York and Florida, either via Lynchburg, Danville
and ?Savannah? or via Richmond? Danville and
Superior Dinin^-Car Service on all Through Trains.
Excellent ?Service and Low Rates to Charleston ac?
count ?South Carolina Inter-State and West Indian
Winter Tourist Tickets to all Resorts now on sale at
For detailed information, llte> ature, time tables, rates, etc.,
apply to nearest tlckeUagent, or address
?S. H. HARDWICK,
G?nerai Passenger Agent,
ashington, X>. C.
Rs. W. HUNT,
Div. Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. C.
FEBRUARY IO, 1902.
W. H. T AYL OE,
Asst. Gen. Pass. J&gent,
J. C. BEAM,
District Pass. Agent,
Cabbage Plants ! !
Cabbage Plants ! !
;o,cco Cabbage Plants of dc- ;
sirable varieties now ready ior j
TOMATO AND OTHER PLANTS?
OTTO GABHARDT, j
feb io SUMTER, S. C.
>Cav:::tr, and Trace-".larks obtained ani alt Pat
fest business condncteu for MODERATE FEES.
Oe ?CFncEisOppos:vr U.S. PATENI-O^TICE
iu v. c caa secure paten: ia lesa time thi a Jwsc
remote from Washington.
_ Send nsodci, drawing or photo., with descrip
icn. "We advise, if patentable or not, free of
charge. Ocr fee not dca till patent is scccrcd.
A FAMPHLET, ,k How to Obtain Patents,'' vnth
cobt ot same in the U, S. and foreign countries
sent free. Address,
PATENT Omcc, WASHJNGTOH. D.C.