m POLITICAL OUTLOOK
As Viewed in Washington by I
Correspondence of the Con
THE DEMOCRATIC ISSUE i
It is easier for a Democrat ti
and describe the Republican dile:
than for Democrats to take advan
One must know Washington very
to comprehend how hard at all t
it is for the public men of either p
o get together. Several obsti
need to be overcome ; a certain
ousy, elermore or less existent,
tween House and Senate; a cer
reluctance to make personal cor
sions, sometimes involving sacrifi
a certain lack of the essential
ments of'the initiative-to say not!
about individual rivalries and o
frictions-make the party caucus
the very best an exceedingly ugly b
to bridle and saddle, to mount an
In the case of a party in opposii
-so divided as to opinions, and, ;
consequence of reverses incident
factionism, so wanting in disciplir.
tactical movement is bound to
weighted by every manner of hai
There are all sorts and condition!
Congressmen, as of other mort;
Washington is at best a kind of wi
pering gallery The politicians are,
it were, shut up in *a walled toi
They get news from the world cuts
by balloon chiefly, or by can
pigeon. M. Marconi will come ak
presently with his wireless telegrz
and make it all" right. Every stat
man can then be his own organ, h;
ing a subcurrent into each nook a
corner of his State or district, wit!
fresh supply of inspiration day in a
day out, instead of relying on the <
cold-storage system of dry bones a
dead langauges, likely to rattle a
sure to grow rank for the want
- light and air.
It is not too much to say that De
ocrats are abnormally shy of afBrrr.
tions that do not run along conve
tional ruts. Moderate counsels a
apt to.be suspected of timidity, whe
not- accused of dislovaltr, One won
fancy that we have had so much J
versity a sa result of self-confident e
tremism that bombast would rate
a discount. And so it does amoi
thoughtful Democrats. But there
always a superstition in favor of ultr
partyism. Then there is the vani
of self-assertion. To some minds
is delightful to prance round in pail
and feathers-to dance the war dam
-and it is so easy. Yet, has this so:
of Democratic party leader flourishe
the lion's skin, until, if it be nc
worn out, it is yet so foll of rents th*
we may not be able to make it who]
again by piecing it out with the fox'*
There is Mr. Fox Gorman. An
again, there is Mr. Fox Hill. But s
sure as either offers to furnish tb
needful patching some one speaks u
and exclaims against his foxship
declares him no fox at ai-, but only
gray wolf of a Republican in disguise
We need not impugn the history c
critics of this description to doub
their' wisdom. Their idea of part
warfare is to meet every Rep?blica]
assertion with an indiscriminate denia
or a vehement denunciation. The;
would make the distance between th'
two parties so great as to place then
out of sight and range, and even a
that rate, they would seem to prefe
for their weapons bows and arrows t<
powder and ball. Meanwhile, it is a
true now.as ever it was that pol?tica
battles are gained chiefly on one o
two simple issues, plainly stated am
visible to che naked eye, driving hom<
to the actual business and bsooms o:
men, nor ever departing very far fron
the highways of public affairs, govern
ment itself being largely an affair o:
In this category I take no accounl
of the man who would wreck his part)
to placate the noisy elements of his
own constituency, ncr the man whe
would rather smeli foul than not tc
smell at ail. Ours is still a Govern?
ment of public opinion, thank God
and in the long-run these things cor?
rect themselves. It is merely provok?
ing that, as the Democratic party has
so fair a prospect if led with prudence
and foresight, there should be Demo?
crats who, to gratify any propensity,
would block the way to that complete
unification which is absoiatedly essen?
tial to a national victory in 1904. The
way to unite is to unite.
Disappointed as many Democrats
were m Mr. Cleveland-particularly
in his second administration, from
which they hoped so much-can any
thoughtful Democrat say that we did
not gain something from his elevation
to the presidency? The South once
more became a working part of 'che
Government. The Republican party
was checked in its reckless disregard
of consequences. The voters were given
a sight of the books. The politicians
were made to understand that the
people still rule. Was all this noth?
ing? Now, if, with the load they have
to carry, the Republicans win in 1904
because of our insufficiency, they will
not go out until the corruptions and
dissensions inevitable to long domi
nancy drive them out at the end of
something like a revolution,
are likely to remain in power f
generation at least. Suppose we
not get all that the most ultra-D
erats want in 1904: suppose we
not unite the party on any radica]
sertion of mere doctrinal policies,
not worth the while of conscienl
and thinking men to stay the tid
absolutism which is stealing 1
the administration of every depart?
of the pulbic service in its pr?
hands, to get at the truth of 'wha
going on in the Philippines, an<
establish a vantage ground for i
changes of policy as the good sense
good feeling of the people may de
after we have taken stock, as it w
and know just where we stand?
I think so surely, and I put ii
every Democrat, whatever his a
cedents or opinions, whether we sh/
not bottle up our theories along \
our dissensions, and with our bi
to the past, our eyes to the fut
begin once again the fight aga
Federalism masquerading as Repa
canism, while mere opportunism
jobbery, flying the flag of the repu
as if it belonged to them, let the
tional credit out at usance for tl
own benefit making monkeys of
soldiers in the field and, regardless
I obligation and duty leaving the
ture to pay the bills.
As events are lining up in cong
the paramount issue, the issue
issues, in 1904 will be the Pihlippii
We shall hear something about s
subsidies and the tariff of course,
shall hear something of Cuba ?
Porto Rico and Hawaii, of cou]
Whether the sugar trust is to rule,
the beet ring shall make us the vass
of a vegetable and the slaves of
chemical process-as Mr. Dooley i
serves-will vary the tones of the A
lian harp of popular oratory and c<
tribute a little^humor to the otherw
sombre, perhaps acrimonious, char
ter of the canvass. But about i
j Philippines all that can be said :
and against the Repbulican party fl
The Republicans claim absoh
sovereignty over the Philippines Th
propose to do precisely as they pie?
with the Filipinos. They have set
a government, half civil, half militai
at Manila. They proclaim the p<
manency of this and declare that i
impeachment is high treason. Cri
cism in Congress is assault upon o
soldiers in the fields. Even Mr Ho
is told that if he said in Luzon wh
he says in the Senate he would
tried by drum-head court-martial ai
This is perfectly characteristic
Republican methods and the Repub]
can spirit. The Republican party
the lineal descendant of the oldJFede
alist party. The old Federalist par
was conceived in aristocracy. Fort
became the reason of its being. In i
very birth the Republican party a]
pealed to "the higher law." It.deve
oped into a war party. It is a W?
party still. It cannot exist withoi
some kind of "bloody shirt" or othe
In order to hold its own it mm
satisfy a majority of the people that ;
stands between the country and il
dishonor; that it is the party both (
the nation's glory and progress: the
expansion, which is but another nam
for glory and progress, must be ui
held, if need be, by force and th
higher law ; and that to question it
proceeding in the Philippines is t
raise a standard of revolt against con
stituted authority, to associate one'
self with the enemies of the country
and, in a word, to be disloyal to th
flag. Thus they hope to make a cop
pernead affair of the presidential bat
tie of 1904.
Abraham Lincoln is dead. If h
were living, he would be standing b;
the side of George Fisbie Hoar. Tb
Union is whole again-safe, intact
The flag rains down from forty-fivi
stars of equal magnitude its gloriou
light upon the just and the unjust
even as the dews of heaven. Thing:
j have com-- to a pretty pass when a pa
j triotic American may not challeng<
j the doings of a selfish party rin<
! without exposing himself to the accu
saations of treason from pot-wollaper?
who, from Theodore Roosevelt tc
Matthew Stanley Quay, are in politics,
and always have been in politics, foi
everything in sight and out of sight.
These men have brought two wit
nesses all the way from Manila to tel
what they know of affairs out there,
Gov. Taft and Gen. Hughes. Each ol
these gentlemen learned his lesson wei
before he went before the Senate com?
mittee which hasbeen conducting the
examination. Both have shuffl?
ed abominably. Neither has
made anything but an ex
parte statement. Evasion has been the
rule, if not a species of subterfuge,
j and right nobly have the Republican
members of the committee stood by
their witnesses; to soften a word here,
to guard an imprudence there, to shut
off the Deomcrats, and to stifle the
truth. Not one Fiipino has been sum?
moned, or will be permitted, to tell the
other side of the story. For a hundred
years we had a fight on our hands
with the Indians. Never a time when
the braves-sometimes red-handed
! were not allowed to come-even were
invited to come and conducted-to
Washington, listened to, and treated
kindly, often sent back to their wig?
wams placated. Yet, here are eight or
ten millions of people, whose affairs
are being administered willynilly, yet
not vouchsafed a word in their own
benhalf. Why is this? It is because
the Republicans dare not face the
facts. It is because that is going on
in the Philippines, which if known :to
the people, would sweep the Republi?
cans out of power.
It is reported on what seems good
authority that some time ago Gen.
Miles "asked to be sent to the Philip?
pines. He "is our oldest, most experi?
enced Indian fighter. He has coaxed
submission many times of the aborig?
ines when to subdue them by force of
arms, would have cost too much. He
could and would bring order out of
chaos, if sent to Manila with adequate
power, in a few months. We could
come to a parley. We could adapt our?
selves ?O conditions. Not a bit of it.
Miles' application was pigeon-holed.
To shut his mouth-and all other
mouths-he was reprimanded, though
the President has no right either un?
der the Constitution of the United
States or the articles of war to repri?
mand him. The war must go on! The
rings that exude campaign funds must
not be balked of their prey. Repub?
lican campaign capital must continue
to be fabricated no matter at what
cost of blood and treasure to the peo?
ple. Not a ray of light must be let in
upon the scene till after the next pre?
There is just one thing for the
Democrats on the Philippine Com?
mittee-there are five of them-to do,
and that is to force the Republicans
-there are eight of them-to a show?
down. A sub-committee should be
at once sent to Manila, lt could go
nd come between now and the middle
of June, making its report to the
present session of Congres. If the
Republicans -refuse this, let the five
Democrats constitute each and one an?
other a subcommittee and go them?
selves. Doubtless Gen. Chaffee would
arrest them on their arrival. Bully !
The New Willard,
Washington, March 13, 1902.
TILLMAN A PROTECTIONIST.
Urges Retention of Tax on Tea for
Benefit of American Tea
Washington, March 21.-Two im?
portant measures were passed by the
senate today, the bill for the repeal of
the war revenue taxes and that or the
protection of the president of the
United States. The revenue bill was
passed without division and after
only one short speech. Mr. Tillman
embraced the opportunity afforded by
the bill's consideration to protest
against the repeal of the duty of 10
cents a pound on tea.
The owners of teas now in this
country in bond, Mr. Tillman said,
would get the benefit of the removal
of duty to the amount of $9,000,000.
Since the duty had been levied upon
tea the United States had been
receiving the better quality of tea
which had b*en supplied to the people
at no increased price. He said, too,
that the experiment of tea culture was
being made in South Carolina and he
believed it would be successful. This
was a "baby industry" and really
needed the protection. The tea cul?
ture industry gave occupation to many
colored children and might do much
The bill for the protection of the
president was under discussion during
the greater part of the session. Mr.
Patterson, of Colorado, made an ex?
tended speech, in opposition to it and
Mr. Fairbanks, of Indiana, advocated
it in a forceful address.
MAJ. WALLER'S COURTMARTIAL
Manila, March 21.-The courtmar
tial appointed to try Maj. Littleton
W. T. Waller and Lieut. John H. A.
Day of hte marine corps on the charge
of executing natives of the island of
Samar, without trial after receiving
a communication from Gen. Chaffie
today decided that it had jurisdiction
in the case and proceeded to try the
accused officers. Maj. Waller pleaded
"not guilty" to the charge of mur?
der, but admitted that ll len had
3 Capt. Robert H. Dunlap of the ma?
rine corps testified that he received
information from Lieut. Gridley and
Sergeant Quick regarding the arrival
at Cargadores of prisoners who while
on the march across the island ate
roots and parts of plants and refused
to assist the marines by giving them
similar food. He reported the facts to
Maj. Waller, who was lying in a cot
and who ordered Lieut. Day to take
the prisoners and have them shot.
The witnesses said Maj. Waller was
not excited, and had personally ex?
pressed tho wish that the men should
Capt. Arthur T. Marix, marine
corps, representing Maj. Waller, ob?
jected to the testimony of Dr. Dove
regarding the sanity of Maj. Waller at
the time, claiming that his fitness for
duty was a matter for the defense.alone.
He considered that Maj. Waller gave
the order while in his right senses.
Kingstree, March 21.- The case
against Marion Davis Xesmith for
killing Ed. Sauls at Cades, February
7, 1902, began Wednesday morning
and this evening at 6.30 o'clock the
jury rendered a verdict of not guilty.
DON'S WEEKLY REVIEW.
I Cotton Products Will be Advanced
in Consequence of Increase in
New York, March 21.-R. G. Dun &
Co's. Weekly Review of Trade tomor?
row will say: Evidences of further im?
provement are numerous. Labor con?
troversies are less threatening, many
settlements having been effected, while
others are momentarily anticipated:
wages have been advanced not only
through strikes, but in some cases
voluntarily ; traffic congestion has sub?
sided until it is possible to deliver
goods according to specifications ; aside
from some idle footwear shops, the
leading lines of manufacture are very
fully engaged, while jobbing trade is
of exceptional magnitude. Retail
dealings also are very large, the Easter
stimulus being felt in all lines of wear?
ing apparel. With domestic demands
so vigorous, it is especially encourag?
ing to notice a gain for the last week
in foreign trade at the principal ports.
Pressure for iron and steel ^has not
diminished perceptibly, yet the im?
pression is growing that after July 1st
the situation will become approximate?
ly normal and it will be possible to
secure deliveries with some degree of
promptness. Large contracts are con?
stantly under consideration for struc?
tural material on domestic account,
including railway bridges, viaducts,
carshops and office buildings. In this
respect the domestic consumption this
year will far surpass ali records. Open
weather has brought out a heavy ton?
nage cf merchant pipe.
Advanced wages at cotton mills
means a higher cost of production and
the market has hardened in conse?
quence. Business under new condi
i ons has not yet been sufficiently large
to establish quotations, yet some ad?
vances of 2 to 5 per cent, are recorded.
Export sales are still checked by high
prices. A helpful feature is the in?
creased demand at jobbing centers.
Grain markets have begun to feel
the effects of weather report and for
the next few months it will be a sim?
ple matter for speculators to secure er?
ratic fluctuations. Strength was con?
spicuous on Thursday, last year's
serious injury to corn making quota?
tions particulaly sensitive to indica?
tions of drouth.
Cotton showed no response to Mr.
Neill's reiteration of his early esti?
mate placing the yield at 11,250,000
bales. Although 400,000 bales more
cotton has come into sight than a year
ago, reports from the south are almost
unanimous regarding the exhaustion
Failures for the week numbered 209
in the [United States against 224 last
year, and 31 in Canada against 33 last
ROOSEVELT WILL OUST MILES.
Commanding General Persona
non Grata to Bureau Officers.
Washington, March 21.-At the cabi?
net meeting today the publications
relating to the statements made by
Gen. Miles before the senate commit?
tee yesterday were brought up but
consideration of them was postponed
until all the facts in the matter became
known. Whatever intentions the presi?
dent had with respect to the treatment
to be accorded Gen. Miles, his future
action will be somewhat influenced
by the fact that Gen. Miles, statement
before the senate committee has been
represented to him as being privileged.
The president proposes to read the
tesitmony given at the hearing and
to consult with different members of
the committee on military affairs be?
fore finally announcing what he pro?
poses to do.
It is significant that long after the
cabinet meeting adjourned Secretary
Root and the attorney general were
closeted with the president. The presi?
dent is known to have stated that he
was tired of the friction in the army,
and whether it is decided that Gen.
Miles statement was privileged or not,
he will at no distant day take action
looking to his retirement.
In discussing the matter today with
his callers, among whom were senators
and representatives, the president took
the position that the lieutenant gene?
ral of the army should entertain toward
his superiors the same respect that
he would expect and demand from his j
The printed testimony of Gen. Miles
has not yet been made public and it is
understood that it will be submitted i
to him for approval. It is well under?
stood that a great deal of what the
general said will not appear in the rec?
ord. Members of the committee say
the report published yesterday after?
noon was correct in substance in every
particular. At the same time these
senators do not agree that Gen. Miles
can be punished for his utterances be?
fore the committee, whether they ap?
pear in the record or not. Of course
tho committee could take no action to
prevent the retirement of Gen. Miles.
That, under the law, is purely an
executive act and needs no confirma?
tion or approval of the senate.
Greenwood, March 20. -The dis?
pensary was voted down by five votes
today. There were 158 votes against
and 153 for.
FEUO ENGEO ?SA?N.
j Congresss Refuses to Consider
any of the Resolutions on ihe
Washington, March 21.-The house
committee on naval affairs by a vote
of 7 to 4 today adopted a resolution
concurring in the conclusions of Piesi
dent Roosevelt as to terminating the
agitation of the Schley controversy
and indefinitely postponing all bills
and resolutions on the subject. The
report of the sub-committee as adopt?
ed gives all the various resolutions
which have been introduced and says:
" Yoursub-cpmmittee, to whom the
several bills and resolutions introduced
in the house in relation to Rear Admi?
ral Winfield Scott Schley, were referoed
has had the same under consideration
and presents the following report
I "The unfortunate controversy in
connection with the Santiago campaign
has attracted wide public attention
and has been the subject of four offi?
cial inquiries and investigations, viz. :
"By President McKinley ; by the United
States court of claims ; by the naval
court of inquiry asked for by Admiral
Schley and by President Roosevelt on
appeal from the findings of the naval
court of inquiry.
"President Roosevelt concluded his
finding in the following words: 'In
concluding the'ir report the members
of the court of inquiry, Admiral
Dewey, Benham and Ramsay, united
in stating that they recommended that
no further action be had in the mat?
ter. With this recommendation I most
heartily concur. There is no excuse
whatever from either s^de for any
further agitation of this unhappy con?
troversy. To keep it alive would mere?
ly do damage to the navy and to the
' Your sub-committee having in view
the interest of the American navy and
of all concerned, fully concurs in the
conclusion expressed in the words of
President Roosevelt above quoted.
"We, therefore, recommend that
further consideration of said bills and
resolutions be indefinitey postponed
and that no further action be taken
The vote was on party lines, except
that of Mr. Mudd of Maryland, who
voted with the Democrats against the
adoption of the report. In detail the
Yeas-Foss, Dayton, Loudenslager,
Butler, Watson, Cousins and Roberts,
Nays-Mudd, Republican, and Rixey
of Virignia, Kitchen and Wheeler, I
Prior to the disposition of the sub?
ject, Mr. Mudd moved a favorable re?
port on his resolution giving the
thanks of congress to Admiral Schley
and the officers and men who serrved
with him in the battle of Santiago.
This was lost by a vote of 4 to 7.
Washington, March 21.-The House
today passed the river and harbor bill
which has been funder consideration
throughout the week. Although the
minor amendments were adopted, not
a single dollar was added to the meas?
ure and as it passed it carried exactly
what it did when *it came from the
committee-$60,688,267 including au?
thorizations. Mr. Sulzer of New York
attempted to force a record vote on
the final passage of the bill, but only
three members, Messrs Smith of Iowa,
Fitzgerald of New York and Cochran
of Missouri supported him.
A Printer Greatly Surprised.
"I was never so much surprised in my
life as I was with the res alts of using
Chamberlain's Pain Balm," says Henry T.
Crook, pressman of the Asheville, (N C)
Gazette. kiI contracted a severe case of
rheumatism early last winter by getting
my feet wet. I tried several things for it
without benefit. One day while looking
over the Gazette, I noticed that Pain Balm
was positively guaranteed to cure rheuma?
tism, so bought a bottle of it and before
using two thirds of it my rheumatism had
taken its flight and I have not had a rheu?
matic pain since." Sold by Dr. A J. China.
A North Georgia negro called at the
preacher's residence the other night
and asked :
"'Bout how much will you charge
me ter marry me, sun?"
"Well," said the precaher, "Iusual?
ly get $5."
"Lord, boss!" exclaimed the negro,
"I ain't g wine ter marry but one
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Bears the . VjS^^fu'
Signature of C??s?'^f/#????^
London, March 21.-The Times
understands that Persia has concluded
an agreement with Russia under the
terms of which Persia is to get a loan
of 10,000,000 roubles and is to give a
concession for a new road from Tabriz
Base ball bats, mitts, gloves and
masks for sale by H. G. Osteen A Co.
Detective stories of all kinds at H.
G. Osteen & Co's book store.
The latest in fine stationary just re?
ceived and placed on sale at H. G.
Osteen ? Co's book store.
ri ii:?.. \Jh? ?mm
removes from the soil
large quantities of
The fertilizer ap?
plied, must furnish,
enough Potash, or the
land will lose its pro?
Read carefully our books
on crops-sent frc*.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.
WANTED-Hickory, Dogwood and
Persimmon Logs. SOUTHEEN HARDWOOD
COMPANY, Charleston, S. C. nov 20.4m
THE SUMTER SAVINGS BANK,
SUMTER, S. C.
ESTABLISHED SEPT. 26,1901.
CAPITAL STOCK - $25,000.
Does a Savings Bank business. De?
posits received from 25 cents upwards,
Interest computed quarterly on the
first days of January, April, July and
October, at the rate of 4 per cent, per
Deposits may be made by mail or ex?
press and a bank book will be prompt?
Call in and see the Home Savings
Bank. This is something new and
will interest you. We lend it to you
free of charge, the only condition
being that you have a deposit of $L0O
with us. Try one of these Banks and
the amount you can save will surprise
HORACE HARBY, President,
I. C. STRAUSS, Vice President,
G. L. RICKER, Casnier.
Horace Harby, I. C. Strauss,
Marion Moise, J. M. Knight, D. J.
Chandler, G. A. Lemon, B. G.
SOUTHERN BY. SCHEDULE.
Trains leave Snmter, S C, for Ring
ville, etc, daily except Sunday, No 80, 6 40
am ; Nd 82,10 20 am ; No 84,3 30 pm.
Trains arrive Sumter from Ringville,
etc, daily except Sunday, No 81, 9 10 am ;
No 83, ll 45 am ; No 85, 5 00 pm.
Close connection at Ringville for Co?
lumbia and Charleston and intermediate
points, trains carrying through sleepers
Ringville to New York, via Columbia,
Charlotte, etc, Ringville to St Louis, via
Asheville, Rnoxville and Louisville.
COLUMBIA, S. C
Has a Storage capacity of 20,000
Bales of Cotton Stores and insures
Cotton for 15 cents per Bale per
month or fractional month . Lower
rates on 500 Bales and above. Spe?
cial rates for six months and season
All railroads running into Columbia
permit Cotton to be stopped for storage
and reshipped at any time during the sea?
son at the through rate from original start?
ing point, with only a trifle charge for
Cotton consigned to Columbia has the
advantage of active competition when sold,
and loans can always be secured on our
Warehouse receipts at minimum rates. No
commission or other charges for selling
cotton. Correspondence solicited.
H. L. ELLIOTT, Manager.
Nov 13 v
fie Laust ai Most Complete
Geo. S. Hacker k Son,
DOORS, SASH,, BUNDS,
Moulding & Building
office and Wareroome, Kiag; opposite Can
CHARLESTON* S. C,
Parchas?* oar make, which we goaraott
superior to any sold South, and
thereby ??ave money.
Window and Paney Glass a Specialty
October 16 -o
1 RADE IVlAKft?
Anrone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably patentable. Communica?
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patenta
sent free. Oldest acencv for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn 4 Ca receive
special notice, without charse, in the
A handsomely illustrated weekly. T.sreest cir?
culation of any scientific journal. Terms, *3 a
vear : four months, $L Sold by all newsdealers.
MUKK & Co.36,Brosi?'- New York
Branch Office, C25 F St* Washington, D. C
xml | txt