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MAKINS A NATION OF CUBA.
Flans to Give the Little Republic
Dignity-Many Consuls to Be
Washington, March 26.-It is the
present understanding that Gonzalez
de Qnesada, formerly Cnban commis?
sioner, will be the first minister Ofrom
Ceba to the United States.
The United States diplomatic repre?
sentatives to Cuba will be a full
fiedged minister and not a commis?
sioner. President Roosevelt is about
to send a message to congress to secure
legislative authority for the appoint?
ment of such a minister, as well as for
the half dozen United States consuls
who must be appointed. There are no
less than 200 applications on file for
these consulates. The president has
not yet indicated the person he will
name as United States minister to
Cuba, but in view of the iact that this
official must plunge at once into the
difficult task of negotiating a fabric
of treaties with the new republic, it is
expected that the choice will fall upon ?
some one not altogether lacking in
diplomatic experience. The choice
will certainly not fall upon an army
or naval officer in the present state of
mind of the executive. The presump?
tion is that the salary attached to the
office will be in the neighborhood of
$7,500 per annum.
Preliminary steps already have been
taken by the United States govern?
ment to locate the naval and coal?
ing stations which, by the terms of the
Platt amendment, are to be ceded by
treaty to the United States. Rear
Admiral Bradford, chief of the equip?
ment bureau cf the navy department,
for the last two weeks has been cruis?
ing in West Indian waters, particu?
larly directing his attention to Cuban
ports. Yesterday he arrived at Guan?
tanamo and it is believed here will be
located the principal, if not the only,
United States naval station in Cuba.
The harbor is capable of easy defense
against an enemy and the health con?
ditions are better than in Santiago.
There also is more anchorage room.
The Cubans do not want a naval
station at Habana proper and the
United States government isw illing
to defer to the Cuban national pride
in this matter. But one of the coal?
ing stations -without defenses, and
entirely different from a naval station
-will be located in Habana harbor,
probably at Triscornia, just across the
bay from Habana and connecting by
rail with the princial railway system.
Gen. Wood was very busy today clos?
ing up the details of the evacuation.
He expects to leave Washington tonight
for Tampa and will sail immediately
BOOSEYELFS GUBl?N MESSAQE.
Recommending Diplomat and Con?
sular Representation in the Re?
public of Cuba.
Washington, March 27.-The presi?
dent this afternoon sent to congress
the following message recommending
provision for diplomatic representa?
tion in Cuba.
.To the Congress of the United States :
I commend to the congress timely
consideration of measures for main?
taining diplomatic and consular repre?
sentatives in Cuba and foT carrying
out the provisions of the act making
appropriations for the support of the
army for the fiscal year ending June
30th, 1902, approved March 2, 1901,
reading as follows :
"Provided, further, that in fulfill?
ment of the declaration contained in
the joint resolution approved April 20,
1898, entitled 'for the recognition of
the independence of the people of
Cuba, demanding that the government
of Spain relinquish its authority and
government in the island of Cuba and
to withdraw its land and naval forces
from Cuba and Cuban waters, and
directing the president of the United
States to use the land and naval forces
. of the United States to carry these
resolutions into effect,' the president
is hereby authorized to 'leave the gov
* eminent and control of the island of
Cuba to its people' so soon as a gov?
ernment shall have been established in
said island under a constitution
which, either as a part thereof, or in
an ordinance appended thereto, shall
define the future relations of the Uni?
ted States with Cuba, substantially
That the government of Cuba shall
never enter into any treaty or other
compict with any foreign power or
powers which will impair the indepen?
dence of Caba nor in any manner au
thoriz3 or permit any foreign power
or powers to obtain by colonization,
or for mi'itarv or naval purposes or
otherwise, lodgment in or control over
anv portion of said island.
That said government shall not as?
sume or contract any public debt, to
pay the interest upon which and to
make reasonable sinking fund provis?
ion for the ultimate discharge of which,
the ordinary revenues of the island,
after defraying the current expenses of
government shall be inadequate.
$ That the government ol Cuba con?
sents that the United States may exer?
cise toe right to intervene for the pre?
servation of Cuban independence, the j
maintenance of a government adequate |
for the protection of life, property j
and individual liberty, and for dis- ?
charirin^r the obligations with respect J
to Cuba imposed by the treaty of ?
Paris on the United States, now to
be assumed and undertaken by the
government o" Cuba.
That all acts of the United States in
Cuba during its military occupancy
thereof are xatified and validated, and
all lawful rights acquired thereunder
shall be maintained and protected.
That the government of Cuba shall
execute and so far as necessary ex?
tend, the plans already devised or oth?
er plans to be mutually agreed upon,
for the sanitation of the cities of the
island, to the end that a recurrence of
epidemic and infectious diseases may
be prevented, thereby assaring protec?
tion to the people and commerce of
Cuba, as well as to the commerce of
the southern ports of the United States
and the people residing therein.
That the Isle of Pines shall be omit?
ted from the proposed constitutional
boundaries of Cuba, the title thereto
being left to future adjustment by
That to enable the United States to
maintain the independence of Cuba
and to protect the people thereof, as
welt as for its own defense, the govern?
ment of Cuba will sell or lease to the
United States lands necessay for coal?
ing or naval stations at certain speci?
fied points, to be agreed upon with the
president of the United States.
That by way of further assurance the
government of Cuba will embody the
foregoing in a permanent treaty with
the United States.
The people of Cuba having framed a
constitution embracing the foregoing
requirements and having a president
who is soon to take office, the time is
near for the fulfillment of the pledge
of the United States to leave the gov?
ernment and the control of the Island
of Cuba to its people. I am advised
by the secretary of war that it is now
expected that the installation of the
government of Cuba and the termina?
tion of the military occupation of that
island by the United States will take
place on the 20th of May next.
It is necessary and appropriate that
the establishment of international
relations with the government of Cuba
should coincide with its inauguration,
as well as to provide a channel for the
conduct of diplomatic relations with
the new State as to open the path for
the immediate negotiation of Jccnven
tional agreements to carry out the
provisions of the act above quoted.
It is also advisable that consular repre?
sentation be established without delay
at the principal'Cuban ports in order
that commerce with the island may be
conducted with due regard to the
formalities prescribed by the revenue
and navigation statutes of the United
States, and that American citizens in
Cuba may have -the customary local
resorts open to them for their busi?
ness needs and, the cases arising, for
the protection of their rights.
I therefore recommend that provis?
ion be forthwith made and the salaries
appropriated, to be immediately avail?
A. Envoy extraordinary and minis?
ter plenipotentiary to the republic of
B. Secretary of the legation, $2,000.
C. Second secretary of the legation,
D. Consul general at Habana,
E. Consuls at Cienfuegos, $3,000;
?Santiago de Cuba, $3,000.
I do not recommend the present
restoration of the consulates formerly
maintained at Saracoa, Cardenas,
Matanzas, Nuevitas, Sagua la Grande
and San Juan de los Remedios. The
commercial interests at these ports
heretofore have not been large. The
consular fees collected there during
the fiscal year 1896-97 aggregated
$752.10. It is believed that the actual
needs of the six offices named can be
efficiently subserved by agents under
the three principal consular offices,
until events may show the necessity of
erecting a full consulate at any point.
The commercial and political condi?
tions in the Island of Cuba while un?
der the Spanish crown afford little
basis for estimating the local develop?
ment of intercourse with this country
under the influence of the new rela?
tions which have been created by the
achievement of Cuban independence
and which are to be broadened and
strengthened in every proper way by
conventional pacts with the Cubans
and by wise and beneficial legislation
aiming to stimulate the commerce be?
tween the two countries, if the great
task we accepted in 1898 is to be
Washington, March 27, 1902.
V/arehouse System in the Cotton
New York, March 25.-The stock
holders of the Trust Company of the
Republic met today and elected D.
Leroy Dresser, president: Alexander
Grieg, vice president : F. F.Rob?rtson
second vice president: and James L.
Livingston, third vice president.
Thomas G Clarke will be the secretary
The following with the president
and vice president were elected direc?
Perry Belmont, Stuyvesant Fish,
Henry C. Rouse, Chas. F. Brooker,
Thomas F. Goodrich, Ballard Mc?
Call, John M. Parker, James McMa?
hon, W. D. Baldwin, Thomas Crim
mins, Chas. D. Marvin, Charles M.
Wetmore, Geo. C.. Boldt, James H.
Eckels, George J. Gould, E. C.
Knight, Tom Randolph, R. W. Smith,
Herbert L. Satterlee, E. C. Snow,
Daniel C. Wing, Boston, and Edward
Whitaker, St. Louis.
The caj)ital of this new companv is
$1,000,000 and its surplus ??500,000."
The company was organized
principally to develop, in conjunction
with tuc Security Warehousing com?
pany, a system of warehouses through
the cotton belt and to finance
issues of investment certificates
bi; sed on guaranteed ware?
house certificates. To carry out
this plan thc Security Warehouse
Company will enlarge capital and
build about 150 fireproof warehouses !
through the South. Connections will
also bc established with a large num- 1
ber of Southern banks, and it is
intended to reduce the rates of insur?
ance and interest to thc producers.
The company plans also to extend this
system eventually to other industries,
such as mining, lumbering and grain
Pope Leo was informed by his Nun?
cio at Madrid that the young King
Alfonso was not physically or mentally
qualified for kingship. He claimed
' that he was inferior to the average
young aristocrat of his age. The Nun?
cio made this statement with the
knowledge and consent of the queen
regent who asks the holy father's ad?
vice. It is probable that she and her
so a may visit Rome.
Rome, March 26.-The Osservatore
Romano, the semi-official organ of the
Vatican, publishes an article today,
said to have been written by the Pope
This article calls upon Christians
throughout the whole world to pray to
God for the conclusion of peace be?
tween thejfnoble British nation and
the gallant Boers.
FROM THE INSIDE.
Coast Line and Southern Said to
Be Uniting to Absorb Plant
A veteran railroad man who is in a
position to get the "inside'.' of a
! good many goings on in railroad
' circles says that the report that the
Pennsylvania was about to buy up
! the Coast Line was not true.
He gives it as coming from a relia?
ble source that the true explanation
of the rise in the Coast Line stock is
due to the fact that the Coast Line
and the Southern are to join together
and buy up the Plant system. The
road is the the Florida West Indian
connection of the two lines and the
Seaboard. The opposition line already
had entrance into the promised land of
the South through the F. C. & P.
The Plant sysem is the old road and
ramifies through the State and has ex?
tensive Georgia connections and into
Alabama, a very rich territory, and
the road is considered as a fine piece
of property. Since Mr. Plant's death
it does not seem to have had the suc?
cessful management that it had be?
fore, and the two great systems which
are dependent on it for southern con?
nections have jjoined together in se?
curing it between them, which will
prevent any war of rates or business
between the Coast Line and^Southern.
The Coast Line connects with the
Plant at Charleston and the Southern
connects near Savannah.
There are prominent men in all of
these roads who own stock, and large
blocks of it, in the ether lines, and
there is no lack of harmony between
them. This is believed to be the most
plausible explanation of the recent
sensation in railroad circles.-Flor?
What Shall We Do With Roosevelt?
Some time ago we refered to the
"backing" characteristics of Presi?
dent Roosevelt, and now Colonel Wat?
terson calls him the"broncho buster."
Colonel Roosevelt is a warior and
he is always making war. He has
antagonized everything in sight.
First of all, he antagonized the South?
ern people by entertaining a negro at
dinner at the^White House. Then he
antagonized the financial interests
and the railroad interests of the coun?
try by suddenly springing a suit,
which might have precipitated a
serious panic. Then he antagonized
Admiral Schley and all his friends >by
dealing with the Schley case in a man?
ner that was almost flippant. And
now he has antagonized General Miles
and his followers. The Republicans
have got a broncho, on their hands,
and he will give them no end of trou?
ble before they are done with ;them.
An Outrage in Honolulu.
Honolulu, March 16, via San Fran?
cisco, March 26.-Walter G. Smith,
editor of the Advertiser, was found
guilty of contempt by the three
Judges of the First Circuit Court and
was sentenced to thirty days in jail,
on account of a cartoon he published,
which was alleged to reflect upon
Judge Gear. The Supreme Court at
once issued a writ of habeas corpus,
returnable April 21, on which the
editor is now at liberty. Under the
writ, issued by chief Justice F rear,
Smith is held on bonds to appear
April, 21. The Circuit Court Judges
met this afternoon en bane and deci?
ded that the Supreme Court order was
void, having been issued without the
defendant being brought before the
Court. The Circuit Court Judges
held that Smith is in contepmt, while
the Supreme Court has allowed him to
go free, and the matter will probably
be submitted to Washington.
Willing to Abide By the Rule.
This tale was told by Judge Penny
packer, in beginning a response to a
toast at a Pennsylvania-German ban?
quet in Philadelphia. The story he
said, showed the readiness of the
Pennsylvania Dutchman to obey those
in authority :
In 1S64 Sheridan, under orders,
burned every barn from a valley above
Staunton to a certain point below Win?
chester. A band of angry rebels fol?
lowed this raid, watching for a chance
to pick up any stragglers. Among
others who fell into their hands was a
little Pennsylvania Dutchman, who
quietly turned to his captors and in?
"Vat you fellows going to do mit
The reply came snort and sharp:
"Veli," he said meekly, "vatever is
His good-natured reply threw the
Confederates into a roar of laughter
and save his life.-Philadelphia Times.
Nothing Burglar Proof.
There is no such thing as a burglar
proof vault or safe, according to a re?
port that was submittd today by treas?
ury experts to Assistant Secretary
The best tempered steel of usual
thickness is not proof against a new
chemical compound which up-to-date
professional cracksmen have learned
to use. This compound, called ther?
mite, when mixed with magnesium
powder, will destroy the hardness in
the metal, enabling a cracksman with
ordinary tools to cut into it as though
it were lead. For this reason, Mr.
Taylor believes the treasury ought not
to continue to expend large sums of
money in the construction of so called
burglar-proof vaults and strong boxes.
The investigation was made by J.
E, Powell, chief mechanical and
electrical engineer of the treasury, and
John P. Bergin, vault, safe ?-ind lock
expert. They wont to Chicago and
other cities and experimented with
thermite and also electricity. An ap?
plication of thermite and magnesium
made to a steel plate of the highest
temper, and five-eights of an inch in
thickness reduced the metal to a con?
dition making is possible to cut a hole
through it with an ordinary chisel.
The experts say that the best means
of security against professional cracks?
men is to be found in an electrical sig?
nal system, which when disarranged
by burglars, would sound Sn alarm.
Washington Dispatch, March 18.
Silver Dollars for Philippines.
Washington, March 28.-The Re?
publican members of the senate com?
mittee on the Philippines held a meet?
ing today and passed finally upon the
provisions of the Philippine govern?
ment bill. The currency question was
the principal topic of conversation
again today and the provision for sup?
plying the Philippines with a circulat?
ing medium as prepared by the sub?
committee composed of Senators Alli
son, Beveridge and Dubois was finally I
passed opon. This provision, as has [
been heretofore stated, is that there
shall be coined a Philippine dollar of
the same weight and fineness as the
Mexican dollar and the British dollar.
It is to be a bullion dollar, but the
volume is to be limited only by the
demands of business.
The coin will carry an American
device on one side and an oriental
design on the other, and it is calcu?
lated that it will in time be a very
popular coin throughout the eastern
The amendment also provides for
subsidiary coinage sufficient to meet
the wants of the Philippine people.
The coinage of this silver will be done
both in America and in the Philip?
pines. The dollar provided is made a
legal tender in the Philippnes but not
in the United States.
The Republican members at their
conference also considered the question
of authorizing a legislative assembly
for the Philippines, but concluded to
omit all legislation of that character
and a Iso . to make no provision for
delegates or commissioners in congress
from the Philippines.
Provision for a complete census of
the islands is, however, to be included
in the bill.
Gol. B. W. Ball of Laurens Dead.
Laurens, March 27.-Col B. W.
Ball, distinguished lawyer, journalist
and citizen, is dead at his home in
this city, aged 71 years and a few
months. He passed away this morn?
ing at 5 o'clock after an illness of over
a month's duration, which was con?
sidered serious from the first, but be?
came alarming three weeks ago, when
he suffered a partial stroke of paralysis.
Since that time his condiiton in the
main was most serious and the end was
not unexpected, though everybody
evinced the keenest concern for his
recovery, hoping against hope,
throughout his illness. His health
had been in a declining stage the past
several years and while the flesh was
day by day growing weaker his indom?
itable spirit clung to-him to the last.
His demise removes from this city,
county and State a courtly gentleman
of the old school, a typical southerner,
a cultured, high toned citizen, who in
war and in peace rendered his best ser?
vices without reserve for what he con?
ceived to be the best interests of the
State, and particularly fer the com?
munity in which he was a familiar
figure, a wise, conservative counsellor
for half a century. He will be greatly
missed, and the sympathy of the. city
and State goes out to the bereft
The funeral services will be held to?
morrow morning at ll o'clock from
the Episcopal Church and the burial
services will follow at the city ceme?
Mr. W. W. Ball, of Jacksonville,
Fla., the only son. has been at his
father's bedside throughout his ill?
ness, as were the rest of the family.
Lands of Philippine Friars.
Washington, March 27.-Archbishop
Sbarretti and his secretary, Mgr.
Broderick, called at the war depart?
ment today and had a short confer?
ence with Secretary Root. It appears
that the issue now presented to the
government there is one of important
interest to the Catholic Church.
Primarily it resolves itself into the
question whether the settlement of the
Philippine friar land problem shall be
effected in Manila cr whether it shall
be adjusted at Rome. Archbishop
Sbarretti, becoming archbishop at
Manila, will be the nominal owner of
all the lands and real properties
belong to the friars orders in the Phil?
ippines. Therefore he will be the per?
son to whom application for a purchase ?
of lands would ordinari ?y be made. The |
application in such case would be by
the Philippine commision, and tho
transfer of the properties would be ac?
complished in the usual and ordinary
legal means common to condemnatory
nrocedings, such as are provided for
in the pending Philippine government
But another proposition is under
consideration at the White House, and
that is to have the proceedings con?
ducted at the vatican by the religious
superiors of Archbishop Sbarretti on
the one hand and by a legal represen- I
tative of the United States government
on the other. In such case it has
been suggested that Gov. Taft might
stop at Rome on his return by the
eastwad route to the Philippines. The
proposition is understood to be strong?
ly urged by Archbishop Ireland and
Archbishop O'Gorman, who would
possibly, in the event of its adoption,
accompany the first representative of J
tho United States government to visit I
the vatican in an official capacity. j
Mgr. Sbarretti later called on the
- mm +-+~+-~~m* -
Commissioner Evans Resigns.
Washington, March 28.-Commis?
sioner of Pensions Evans has placed
his resignation in the hands of the
president. It will not take effect until
some important position in the diplo?
matic service is found for him. The
pension committee appointed at the
last encampment of the G. A. R. to
investigate the affairs of the pension
bureau has made its report to the
president. It has not yet been decided
as to when the report will be made
public if at all.
It is stated that the policy of Com?
missioner Evans will be continued by
Soon after Gen. Torrence left the
White House Commissioner Evans
called at the request of the president
and remained with him for some time
He declined to discuss the question of
his retirement from the office of com?
missioner of pensions
Rev. Robert P. Pell, president of
the Presbyterian College for Women
at Columbia, has been elected presi?
dent of Converse College ^to succeed
B. F. Wilson. _ m-?mmu
i ! sim?aling ?ieFoodandBcguia
I i j ling lae Stomachs andBowels of
ness andRestContains neither
1\OT "NARC OTIC .
For Infants and Children.
?irise Seed- +
Aper?ec! Remedy forCons?pa
Hon, Sour Slomach,Diarrhoea
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish?
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature of
At bm o nih -sold
35 DOSES -35? EJNIS
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
THE CENTAUR COMPANY. NEW YORK CITY.
?OK^VCOVOVOVA1 A Ui Jb \3 Url
We took in a lot of
s Good : Young : Stock %
Which have since fattened up, and being
acclimated are really more fit for present use
than fresh ones.
The time approaches when planters are pre?
paring for the next year. Come and see them.
They will be sold worth the money.
HARBY & CO.
THE GREAT HIGHWAY
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Uniting tKe Principal Commercial
Centers and lealth and Pleasure
Resorts of the South with the & &
NORTH, EMT and WEST.
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between New York and New Orleans? -via Atlanta.
Cincinnati and Florida Points via Atlanta and via
New York and Florida, either via Lynchburg, Danville
and Savannah? or via Richmond, Danville and
Superior Dining?Car Service on all Through Trains.
Excellent Service and Low Rates to Charleston ac*
count South Carolina Inter-State and West Indian
Winter Tourist TicKets to all Resorts now on sale at
For detailed Information, literature, time tables, rates, etc.,
apply to nearest tlckeUagent, or address
W. H. TAYLOE,
Asst. Gen. Pass. Agent,
J. C. BEAM,
District Pass. Agent,
S. H. HARDWICK,
General Passenger Agent,
Washington, D. C.
IC. W. HUNT,
Die . Passenger Agent,
Charleston, S. C.
FEBRUARY IO, tOOfi.
Cabbage Plants ! !
Cabbage Plants ! !
50,000 Cabbage Plants of de?
sirable varieties now ready for
TOMATO AND OTHER PLANTS
feb 19 SUMTER, S. C.
'Caveats, and Trade-Marks obtained and all Pal-)
|ent business conducto?? for MODERATE FEES. \
>Ou?. OFHCE is OPPOSITE U. S. PATEN t o vrtCE*
I ana we can secure paten: m less time tiu.'a ;hosej
(remote from Washington. \
> Send model, drawing or photo., frith descrip-j
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?charge. Our fee not due till patent is secured, j
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'cost of same in the U. S. and foreign cc unniesi
?sent free. Address, ?
IC. A. SNOW& CO.
OPP. PATENT OFFICE, WASHINGTON. D. C I