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rsx SUJETS? WATCHKAK, Estabiiehed Apr?? isfio? "Be .Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's. and?Tru th's." THE TRUE SODTBSON, Eatabiit?ed Jons ! . 65
Cosoli?ated Asg. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 14. 1908. Sew Series-Vol. XXL >o. 41 ~
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Obituaries and tributes of respects will
The Advertising Trend is SI
The poster on a dead wall may
the conception of an artist and cc
maud attention by reason - of t
harmony of its coloring ; the street c
card may "bo the joint- production
a genius in word-painting and a m?
ter in the art preservative; the fer
sign common along the railway (wi
apologies to the Omega Oil foll
Mermen, Ingersoll, Heinz, et als. ) m
embody a " novel idea art?stica
wrought ont ; the booklet, the folc
and the thousand and one ott
schemes compounded solely for advt
tising purposes may each and all ha
something to recommend them. E
as a means of publicity the newspar
undoubtedly stands at the top of t
heap, is in a -class by icself.* Tl
being so, then, there must be sui
cient reason for it. It is simpy t
cause the newspaper goes to the pi
pie, whereas to be introduced to t
poster, the street car card, the fen
sign, etc., the people mast needs go
them. The inference is plain. T
booklet, the folder, the other advert:
ing media read/, you through the po?
office-perhaps and perhaps not-alo:
with more important mail matter, ai
the chances of their bridging ti
waste-basket chasm are as one to fift
2 The newspaper is a necessity wi
the publia It is read for the inform
tion it contains. The busiest find tin
to peruse its pages. It is' a wel?pn
guest in every home, and it is in tl
home circle that its influence as ?
advertising medium bears greate
weight. More and more is this fai
k > appreciated. In theatrical <?rcles ti
poster is not the factor of a few yea
ago. Managers are using less wall di
pray and fewer window ca?ais, whi
their newspaper appropriations h&\
eriativeiy increased. Book publishe:
report an enormous increase in sah
J? the past few years under the presei
system of display advertising in newj
papers. So great is its faith in th:
form of publicity that one well-know
New York publishing hojise, thc
formerly depended almost wljolly upo
. posters to distribute its output, is z
Eg-' present using a half-page in some c
r* the leading dailies to exploit its wares
This surely indicates that the advei
rising trend is toward newspapers.
A practical demonstration of tb
value of newspaper advertising wa
given in this vicinity a short tim
since. Some of the most eEterprisin
S of Asbury Park's merchants bandei
together in a grand advertising coup
In the local papers they announced
special sale on a certain day. Train
. were chartered to carry prospect!v
customers up and down the railroa<
free. Every merchant in the combin
|v increased his newspaper space by man;
inches. The advantages of the specia
sale and the merits of the goods offer
ed were extolled under flaring head
lines. Advertisements crowded th<
columns ordinarily devoted to readin?
matter. The magnitude of the enter?
prise, the boldness of its promoter?
i and the novelty of such an advertising
scheme were made the subjects oi
extended comment in nearly everj
newspaperman the country. The whole
thing was m the nature of an experi?
ment, and the merchants stood tc
lose heavily if a failure was scored,
v But their faith in advertising was
amply justified. Thousands of people
flocked to the town, and once there
they spent their money. It made a
difference of not less than $10.000 in
the half-day's receipts or the mer?
chants in the pool. It is a signifi
* cant fact that the horde of strangers
visiting town spent the money with
the merchants that advertised.
This brings me to another point I
wish to emphasize. Newspaper ad?
vertising is admittedly a sign of busi?
ness prosperity, the thermomter that
*i records the business temperature.
The most successful merchants have
been the largest newspaper advertisers.
The size of a merchant's business,
however, need not necessarily deter?
mine the amount of his advertising ap?
propriation. The point is to advertise
and to keep on advertising. People
who read newspapers read advertise?
ments, because .when in want of any?
thing the surest, handiest and quick?
est way to find it is through the adver?
tising columns of the paper.
Banks, churches, libraries and oth?
er exclusive institutions have awak?
ened to the benefits of newspaper ad
L vertising. The cards of physicians of
all schools are seen in the papers, a
practice formerly considered at vari?
ance with professional ethics. All
lines of trade and all professions are
represented in tnt- newspaper adver?
tising of today. The trend of adver?
tising is newspaperward.-John E. !
Quinn, in Printer's Ink.
*. Harrisbug, Pa., May 6.-Five dead j
and three seriously injured is the j
awful record of an accident last night j
at the open heath steel department of j
the Pennsylvania Steel works at Steel- j
ton. The disaster was caused by the ',
boiling over of a ladle of hot slag at a j :
furnace, its fiery contents engulfing, '.
eight men in a pit whence they were ]
powerless to escape. The victims! :
were all Austrian laborers. ? J
THE PHILIPPINE ?FUT.
Exposing Barbarity of Army and
Another Yery Warm Debate in Senate.
Beveridge Attempts to Charge Demo?
cratic Lines But is Repelled.
"Washington, May 6.-For almost
four hours today a fiery discussion of
the Philippine^ situation raged in the
senate. It was started by Mr. Bever?
idge of Indiana, who made some sharp
strictures on the members of the op?
position because, as he said, they per?
sisted in telling in their specehes only
one side of the story. "While he ad?
mitted that some outrages had been
committed by Americran soldiers in
the Philippines, it was trues too, that
unparalleled kindness had been shown
by the American troops to Filipino
prisoners and filipino wounded. Food
and medicine, he said, had been
shared With them and they had been
succored on the battlefield and cared
for tenderly iii the 'hospital. While
saying that the omission to tell this
side of the story by the Democrats
was unintentional, he suggested that
it was unfair to make an arraignment
of the American soldier and not tell
Mr. "Carmack and M. Eawlins
warmly resented any intimation of
unfairness. Mr. Eawlins declared that
no partisan motive had actuated the
opponents of the present Philippine
policy, but that .they were moved only
by patriotism ind love of country.
Mr. Turner cf Washington delivered
a scathing criticism of the methods
practiced by the military authorities
in the Philippines, dwelling particular?
ly upon the alleged order of Gen.
Smith, whom te denounced as a mon?
ster in human form. He urged the
Philippine committee to turn ail the
light possible on the Philippine ques?
tion to the end that the poeple might
be fully informsd on the situation.
Mr. Hoar" of Massachusetts briefly
defended the action of the Philippine
committee, sayi ng that already it had
furnished much valuable information.
He urged that the committeee, in. all
justice, should call some prominent
Filipinos to testify in their own be?
During Mr. Beveridge's remarks
Mr. Hoar of Massachusetts inquired
if it was a fact, proved by testimony,
that American soliders had tortured
Filipinos until they they h?d confessed
to the commission of crime.
Mr. Beveridge said it had been
proved that the water cure had been
adminisered in the dreadful O'Hearne
case. By the confession of the Filipi?
nos to whom the water cure had been
given, it was learned that O'Hearne
had been burned to death over a slow
"Was this murder proved by any
other testimony than that given in the
testimony of thc? tortured Filipinos?"
inquired Mr. Hoar.
"Not that I know of," replied Mr.
Beveridge. "Bit that evidence was
"The conduct of American soldiers
in the Philippines," suggested Mr.
Carmack of Tennessee, was uniformly
kind whenever i ; was permitted to be
so. In cases where it was otherwise
they were driver to the cruelties by
their superior officers."
Mr. Beveridge said he was glad at
this late day to hear an apology for at?
tacks made upon the American sol?
Mr. Carrmack said that he ha?" i o
apologies to make for any staten 'put
he had made.
Mr. Beveridge inquired if Mr. Car?
mack could men cion more than a sin?
gle instance where an officer had order?
ed the administration of torture to a
Mr. Carmack replied that he had not
referred to any special order but that
the general orde::s of Genst Bell and
Chaffee indicated that in the opinion
of those officers the American troops
were treating tho Filipinos too kindly.
Mr. Beveridge ridiculed this answer
of Mr. Carmack? declaring that when
he asked him a d irect question he re?
plied in a diaphanous way of the or?
ders of Bell and Chaffee.
In the course cf a rreply to some of
the comments made by Mr. Beveridge,
Mr. Rawlins o? Utah discussed at
length the case of the murder of Ser?
geant O'Hearne and said that the im?
pression he had gotten from the testi?
mony was that t ie Filipinos had been
induced to make confessions suggest?
ed to them by the administration of
the water cure. Mr. Rawlins said
outrages in the Philippines were due,
not to the soldiers themselves but to
the highest military authorities in
the islands. The responsibility for
them indeed was to be placed proper?
ly at the door of the administration
officials here in Washington.
Mr. Rawlins said one victim was
tied down by American troops and
sugar was placed upon his head to at?
tract the voracious ants, common in
those islands, and forced to give in?
formation. He s;,id too, that women
and innocent chiidren had been put
to death ruthlessly by American
Mr. Turner of Washington referred
co the speech of Mr. Lodge, saying
his purpose would be to supplement
that speech and to drive home the con?
clusion that it is tinwi.se, unpatriotic,
?rnel and inhuman to attempt in view j
3f the facts to make the Philippines
i permanent part of the territory of
:he United States.
* IT rn ?.???? -uimi- _
Dangerous if Neglected.
Burn?, cuts and other wounds often fail
:o heal properly if neglected and become
;roublesome pore.-. DeWiit's Witch Hazel
Salve prevents such consequences. Even
?vhere delay has aggravated the injury
Dewitt's Witch Hazel Salve effects a cure.
l'I had a running sore on my leg thirty
fears," says H. C. Hartly, Yankeetown,
[nd. "'After using many remedies, I tried
Dewitt's Witch Hazel Salve. A few boxes
?ealed the sore. Cares all skin diseases.
Piles yield to it at once. Beware of counter
:eits. J. S. Hughson & Co.
SENSATION BY TILLMAN.
Discharges a Stream of Hot Adjec?
tives at Republicans Who De?
fend a Savage War.
Washington, May 7.-Discussion of
the Philippine bill in the senate took
a sensational turn again today. Mr.
McComas of Maryland referring to the
alleged cruelties of American soldiers
in the Philippines-cruelties which he
deeply deplored-told of some of the
cruelties which had occurred on both
s?des during the Civil war. Neither
side, he held, was to be held responsi?
ble for those regrettable occurrences
as neither side approved of them.
Referring to elections in the south,
Mr. McComas said that the senators
from South Carolina and Mississippi
(Tillman and Money) cried out against
the small percentage of voters in the
early elections in the Philippines.
After discussing the election meth?
ods in the States referred to he said :
"We behold senators from the two
States where there is less popular lib?
erty than in any others, shouting loud?
est for constitutional liberty on the
other side of the globe"
These remarks drew a sensational
reply from Mr. Tillman of South Car?
olina. He charged that McComas had
passed over with complacency the
"outrages and iniquities and barbari?
ties" which had been, he said, "com?
mitted by American soldiers." He
declared that when the light had been
turned on in full upon the Philippine
situation the American people would
see to it next November that the ma?
jority in one branch of congress woald
not be "committed to this infamous
"I can have my way," he declared,
"you shall not pass this bill until full
light has being turned on the Philip?
He declared that it was no longer
possible to sneer away the responsibil?
ity for the cruelties and infamies com?
mitted by the American soldiers in the
Philippines. Referring to the situa?
tion of the colored people in the south,
Mr. Tillman declared the senators
from those States were prepared to
meet any legislation which might be
brought into congress upon that ques?
He discussed the situation in the
south during and subsequent to the
Civil war and declared that if it had
been known prior to the conclusion of
the war that in the south the reins of
government were to be tuned over to
the negroes there would have been in?
augurated a guerrilla warfare in the
swamps of the south that would have
been kept np indefinitely.
As he discussed the question, he
said he was scarcely able to control
himself when he recalled the indigni?
ties and humiliations to which the
people of his State were subjected dur?
ing the reconstuction period, from
1S68 to 1876. In his own State, he
said, there were 200,000 more negroes
than whites and in Mississippi there
were 300,000 more colored than white
people. In order to maintain their
self respect the whites, he declared,
were obliged to take the reins of gov?
ernment in the son th by whatever
means they could-using the shotgnn
as one of the means.
Referring to the inauguration of
white supremacy in South Carolina he
said the whites had secured a majority
of 3,900. It might just as easilv have
been, he said, 39,000 or 99,000." They
simply got such a majority as was nec?
He referred to the outrages in the
Philippines and then said he had
heard only of the application of "sand
cure" in the south. He thought the
sand cure as described was murder.
"When," he declared, "we get ready
to put a negro's face in the sand, we
put his body there too."
He insisted that the Republicans'
contention was that the negroes of the
south were fitted to govern in this
country, but thar the Filippinos were
not fitted to govern themselves in the
Philippines. In the United States,
he maintained, a serious problem con?
fronted the government-the negro
problem-and we might better try to
solve that than to hunt for trouble in
"Throughout the south," he said,
"there is a horror hanging over every
household for this awful fear of
rapine. And yet you turn your back'
upon it and march to the east, where
you murder and butcher and torture
the poor Filipinos. And yoe are
doing all this in the name of Christian?
ity and humanity and liberty. I can
see the hypocrisy cozing out of you all
over. " ( Laughter, j
"As Confederates," the senator
said, "we cannot think it right to go
into the Philippines and desolate the
islands with fire and sword."
Adverting further aiongto the situa?
tion in the south, Mr. Tillman assert?
ed. "We will not submit to negro
domination and the sooner you under?
stand that tho better." ile urged
that discussion of the southern race
question should cease. "Von are
taunting us." said he, "about our
treatment of the negroes of the south,
hoping at the same time that we will
not interfere with your game of devil?
try in the Philippines. We hope you
will help us of tho south to get rid of
the threat of negro domination which
hangs over us like the sword of Damo?
cles. Lynchings will continue as long
as tiios*' fiends rape our wives and
While Mr. Tillman was speaking
many of th'.' Democratic senators left
rhe chamber, h\< audience on the floor
being largely on the Republican side.
Mr. Burton of Kansas vigorously ar?
raigned Mr. Tillman for his ul ter
inces. Ile asserted that the senator
ivho could defend slavery and govern
nent by the shotgun could not be ex?
pected to think well of senators who
vere trying to carry good government
;o the Philippines.
The best typewriter ribbons for all
standard machines for sale by H. G.
Dsteen & Co.
ROOT'S DEFENSE OF WAR METHODS.
Says Abraham Lincoln Endorsed
Washington, . May 7.-Secretary
Root today submitted to the senate an
answer to the resolution of May 1 call?
ing for copies of any orders issued by
Gen. Bell relative to reconcentration
in Batangas and of the orders issued
by Gen. Smith to Maj. Waller, set up
by the latter in his defense before the
courtmartial. The secretary also was
asked to state whether these orders
were approved by Gen. Chaffee or by
the war department, when they were
known to the department and when
In reply the secretary submits two
orders by Gen. Bell, dated Dec. 8 and
9 last. In the first Gen. Bell recounts
in detail the provocations submitted
to for three years by the United States
government in the Philippines. He
refers to the treachery of the natives,
to their use of infernal machines, and
to their constant violation of all the
rules of civilized warfare. Therefore
he declares that he is reluctantly ob?
liged to avail himself of retaliation
under the regulations, and to deal
severely with persons who commit the
acts denounced in general order 100,
and whenever unarmed prisoners or
defenseless Americans or friendly na?
tives are murdered for political pur?
poses, he will execute a prisoner of
war, chosen by lot from the town
where the murder occurred.
The secretary explains that the order
referred to was approved by Abraham
Lincoln and that the orders mention?
ed in the resolution and in Bell's order
of Dec. 13, were in strict conformity
with the letter and spirit of this
famous order, which he says "was a
contribution to civilization of great
and recognized value."
Another order transmitted is one by
Maj. Gen. Lloyd Wheaton, dated
Manila, March 24, 1^902, upon the con?
dition of the natives collected in the
concentration camps, from which it
appears that they were well fed, help?
ful and contented. Gen. Wheaton ex?
presses the belief that the camps can
be broken up within 60 days. An im?
portant endorsement on this' report is
by Gen. Chaffee, in which he earnest?
ly advises personal contact with the
people and acquaintance with the
situation in the Philippines before
condemning what has been done. He
understands that all the means justi?
fied by the laws of war are to be ap?
plied to defeat the methods of the
enemy, saying: "If desperate in the
last case, more desperate must be the
attack to end it."
Secretary Root says that there was
no reason to doubt that the policy em?
bodied in the above orders was at once
the most effective and humane which
<:-nid possibly be followed.
The secretary in further replying to
the resolution, denies knowledge of
any order issued by Gen. Smith to
Maj Waller, such as was referred to
in the courtmartial, -and he encloses
his orders for Gen. Smith's trial,
based upon newspaper publications, as
confirmed by Gen. Chaffee. He de?
clares that all of Gen. Smith's writ?
ten orders relative to Samar have al?
ready been printed by the senate and
they are all in strict conformity with
general order ICO.
BRET HARTE IS DEAD.
London, May 6.-F. Bret Harte,
the American author, died here last
night. He was born at Alban v, X.
Y., on August 25, 1839.
Mr. Harte died suddenly at the Red
House, Camberley, near Aldershot,
from hemorrhage caused by an affec?
tion of the throat. Mr. Harte had
been suffering from swelled tonsils since
December last but he did not consider
the attack to be serious. A week ago
he went to visit friends at Camberley
and was present at lunch as usual yes?
terday. He suddenly became iii in the
afternoon, went to bed and died in a
THE WEST RULES.
"No vast amount of enthusiasm is be- j
ing manifested anywhere for the ship
subsidy bill, and it is taken for grant?
ed that it will find its way into tiie
lumber room. Both the Babcock and
the Beet Republican elements in the
House seem to be antagonistic to this
feature of party policy, and a number
of congressmen in Michigan; Wiscon?
sin, Minnesota, Iowa and other West?
ern and Middle Western States are
freely asserting that they will not sup?
port the measure. The bill has been
changed, but it .'.as not been made
more "acceptable" to this clique in
the party of independent mind whose
home is in the Mississippi Valley.
Before the -Eastern Republicans
quite expect it they may find out who
really directs:the party which used to
respond to the beck and management
rjf some wise men on this seacoast.
Phe center of population has taken a
westwardly course, and so has the cen
:er of our politics. Neither Maine
nor the Delaware River can hope to
subsidize itself unless it is also ready
:o subsidize beets or place export
counties upon wheat, corn and spare
ribs. The temper of the West has now ,
x-come sufficiently clear to make it ;
rery apparent that the coast states are
iot to be given this magnificent sop
?nless something equivalent is poured
nto the lap of the West.-Philadelphia ,
??ni -?<>--?aa??"- (
Holds up a Congressman. <
"At the end of the campaign," writes
'hamp Clark. Missouri's brilliant congress- J
dan, ''from overwork, nervous tension, loss (
>f sleep and constant sneaking I had about i
itterly collapsed. It seemed that nil the t
irgaus in my body were out of order, but c
hree bottles of Electric Bitters made me l
ll right. It's the best all-arouud medi- 4
inc ever sold over a druggist's counter." t
)ver worked, run-down men and weak, \
ickly women gain splendid health and s
itality from Electric Bitters. Try them, i
)nly 50c. Guaranteed by J. F. W. De- (
THE TRUTH OF HISTORY.
Senator Vest Tells What Occur?
red at the Famous Hampton
POPULAR STORY EMPHATICALLY CON
Washington. May 8.-Discussion of
the Philippine bill in the senate,
while it scarcely abated in bitterness,
took on an amusing phase. In a breezy
speech Mr. Dolli ver of Iowa made
such a good natured, and yet such a
sarcastic, arraignment of Mr Carmack
of Tennessee that senators and occu?
pants o? the thronged galleries were
convulsed with- laughter. While
seemingly considerable temper was
aroused by the debate, good feeling
was shown by the active participants
in the war of words-Mr. Dolliver and
Mr. Carmack-who cordially shook
hands and laughed over the encounter.
Mr. Burton of Kansas concluded
the speech which he began yesterday.
He referred, as instances of atrocious
cruelty, to the battle of Wounded
Knee, to the Mountain Meadow mas?
sacre and to the masascre of Union
soldiers at Fort Pillow and contended
that the action of the American troops
in the Philippines was. in most in?
stances, entirely within the regulations
of civilized warfare.
""Continuing, Mr. Burton referred to
the remarkable speceh delivered in
the senate yesterday by Mr. Tillman
of South Carolina. He paid a tribute
to the work being done by Booker
Washington for the colored race and
suggested that if the colored people
would follow his advice they would be
Mr. Vest of Missouri called atten?
tion to the statement of Mr. Tillman
made yesterday, which he said he was
compelled to take notice of in justice
both to thejliving and the dead. That
statement, which had been found in
the public press and upon the lecture
paltform for the last three years, was
that at the historic conference in
Hampton Roads in 1864 between Presi?
dent Lincoln, Wm. H. Seward, sec?
retary of state ; Alexander H. Stephens,
vice president of the Confederate
States ; R. M. T. Hunter, former
United States senator, and John A.
Campbell, formerly justice of the Uni?
ted States supreme court; President
Lincoln wrote upon a piece of paper
"save the union," then handing it to
Stephens, said, "Alex., take this
paper and fill up for yourself the con?
ditions of peace between the two coun?
Mr. Vest said the story had been
denied by John H. Reagan of Texas,
who was the last surviving member of
the Confederate cabinet.
He knew personally, said Mr. Vest,
without having been present at that
combined'interview that the incident
was without the slightest foundation.
"If true," said he, "it would place
the government and officers of the Con?
federate States in the category of
criminals because it offered the Con?
federacy all that it ever demanded in
the wildest hope of the most extreme
partisans of that cause if they would
only return to the union."
A deep silence had fallen upon the
chamber and every member on the floor
listened to him with rapt attention.
With great deliberateness he contin?
ued: "If true it would mean that the
Confederates could have placed on that
sheet of paper the perpetual establish?
ment of slavery and the right of seces?
sion, the most extreme demand that
had ever been taken locally even in the
dreams of any Confederate." From
the lips of Stephens and Hunter had
come to him, he said, the details of
what took place. Upon the return of
the commissioners of the Confederacy
he heard their official report as Mr.
Reagan heard it, he being a member
of the cabinet and himself a member
of the Confedreate senate. "I am
toady the only surviving member of
the 26 gentlemen who acted as Confed?
erate senators,^ he said.
Mr. Vest then stated that what did
happen at Hampton Roads beyond
question was this: That when the
president and Secretary Seward met
the commissioners of the Confeder?
acy, Mr. Lincoln, addressing himself
to Mr. Hunter, whom he know well,
said: "In the first place, gentlemen,
I desire to know your powers
and instructions from the Richmond
government," avoiding, said Mr. Vest,
as Mr. Hunter told him himself, the
words "Confederate States."
Mr. Hunter, to whom the inquiry
was addressed, said: "Mr. President,
we are instructed to consider no prop?
osition that does not involve the inde?
pendence of the Confederate States of
America." "Then," said Mr. Lin?
coln, "the interview may as well
terminate now, for I must say to you
gentlemen, frankly and honestly, that
nothing will be accepted from the gov?
ernment at Richmond except absolute
and unconditional surrender."
Mr. Vest then said that this termi?
nated the interview and as the Confed
erate commissioners retired. Presi?
dent Lincoln, addressing Stephens,
who was the last to go out. said :
"Stephens, you are making a great
mistake Your government is a fail?
ure and when the crash conies, as it
?oon must come, there will be chaos
and disaster which we cannot now
foresee which must come to your peo?
ple. . ' '
"This account of that interview,"
continued Mr. Vest, "substantially
md almost word for word as I have
ii von it. came io me from Mr.
Stephens and Mr. Hunter."
Mr Vest said that he considered it
lis duty to make this statement in
)rder that history may not be falsified :
n order that the men who were said
o have refused this offer at the hands
)f President Lincoln, should not be
nade to sin in their graves, adding,
'for if they had refused whatjwas said
;o have been tendered to them by the
resident they would have been acces?
iones to the murder of every man who
ell from that time in defense of the
Confederate cause, and they should
lave given the lie to the intentions,
which they professed when they risk?
ed everything, everything that is held
dear amongst men in defense of the
While the deep silence still reigned
in the chamber as he spoke and with
every eye directed toward him, Mr.
Vest concluded as follows: "It may
be bat a very short time till I shall
join the 25 colleagues I had in^the Con?
federate senate, and I did not "want
this statement to go into the record of
this country without my statement of
these facts and ray solemn denial that
there is no shadow of truth in this
assertion which has been going the
rounds of the newspapers of the coun?
try of the last few years."
DISORDER IN R?SSUL
Starving Peasants Raid Barns,
Granaries and Pantries of Rich
St. Petersburg, May 8.-A repre?
sentative of the Associated Press,
after a personal investigation of the
situation in Southern Russia, writes
from Moscow under date of Saturday,
May 3, as follows :
"Comparative order has been re?
stored in the government of Poltava
and Kharkoff, but the peasants are
only outwardly quiescent, believing
that the grant of a division of lands of
noblemen will be effected during the
coming autumn, leaving the Hardy
landowners only 20 acres and a yok<*
of oxen each.
"Authentic particulars of the disor?
ders prevailing during the last thiee
weeks show they were largely^ due :c
extreme suffering from famine, which
was utilized by agitators to foment a
rising. The peasants were not the
only believers in the issue of an im?
perial Ukase permitting a division of
the property of the nobility, and a
charitable distribution .of potatoes by
the steward of the Duke of Meklen
burg's estate at Kharloffka tended to
confirm this belief.
The people of the whole country?
side, often led by the village mag?
nates, streamed to the Kharloffka and
other estates, afoot, horseback and in
wagons, demanding the keys of the
pantries, granaries and barns and car?
ried off their contents. Rich Cossacks
suffered equally with the noblemen.
When landowners refused to deliver up
the keys the peasants broke down the
doors.. quietly seizing foodstuff and
returned home, even well-to-do peas?
ants sharing in the plunder. When
unopposed the peasants contented
themselves with supplying their im?
mediate needs, but when balked they
burned and destroyed, carried off live
stock and desolated estates."
Sciatic Rheumatism Cured Af?
ter 14 Tears of Suffering.
"I have been afflicted with sciatic rheu?
matism for fourteen years," says Josh
Edgar, of Germantown, Cal. "I was able
to be around but constantly suffered, i
tried everything I could hear of and at
last was told 'to try Chamberlains Pain
Balm, which I did and was immediately re?
lieved and in a short time cured, and I ara.
happy to say it has not since returned."
Why Lot use this liniment and get vre!!? It
is for sale bj Dr. A. J. China.
Dr. Cyrus Edson, Health Officer of
New York, gives many good reasons;
why reputable physicians should ad?
vertise in the newspapers, and is
confident that opposition to such a
course will soon be removed. It is
certainly one of the undignified incon?
sistencies of the profession that so
many physicians consider it the un?
pardonable sin to advertise in the
newspapers and pay for their adver?
tisements and yet are so desirous of
securing adyertisemeents in the news?
papers without paying for them or ap?
pearing to have sought them.
Reveals a Great Secret.
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Andrew Carnegie has given away
nearly 870,000,000 in his libraries and
similar enterprises, and still is not in
sight of a poor man's death. No won?
der he is thinking of trying invest?
ment in a few newspapers.
?OYAt BAKING POffDER CO . NEW YORK.