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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, May 21, 1902, Image 6

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Jfesporate Hep Kriminals Shoot
Bowo Police.
Whole Square Burned and Negroes
Shot While Attempting to Es
cape.
mniA CALLED OUT.
vf Atlanta, Ga., May 17.-An effort
by officers of the law. to arrest negro
Outlaws, who had barricaded them?
selves in a store, resulted today in the
most fatal riot in the. nistory.. of- the
city. - Eight men were Jailed, inelud
? lng* three- policemen, -j k white citizen
a?? four negroes; Six people, black !
and white,: werewounded. The most i
" ?e^t?ng scenes prevailed at the pl?ce
emilie disturbance and all available
?l^poli?emeni^ with: -^e miHtary,; called
out- by the Governor/; had all they
could do to prevent ? general riot An
/^entire block:<jfrbnildings was burned
before the conflict wMch began early
; morning, was terniinated. -/
; / The.scene of- -the tragedy was - on
McDaniel street, a few hundrep yards
- /tmtside the city' limits. The county
police first attempted tc- raid the place
alone where the negroes: hack taken -
refuge, and later the city police were
called upon for aid. Still laier "the,
V>^6rOvemor. was appealed to and' the
^iinrEtary were ordered out
In the barricaded store were three
' negroes. - It-is beHeved;there were at
firstas-. many- aa five, /and . that .two
;:; A?8caped' before ; daylight; . The store
was;a -small arsenal, in which were a.
gglsumber.of /Wiachester ; rifles and a
gpiSBaall Gatling gun. It was- a rendez-*
vous for a gang of'thieves and mur?
derers. /. ..--./;,.,.....;.*'./-/ '. .
After the: burned body of Bichard
. :. son had been found an angry crowd of
waste, men seized : it and bore it
? towards the .city. ;<3hief Ball threw a
ggeorjefon of police across a street at the
^^^Jimits and? ^?ok^ t?ieyb^y away
?fepro^the crowd and sent it to the. city
in :/a- wagon. . - ':' ??.".-{
While the procession was passing,
: ???H Gregg, a negro/ was ... heard to
g/ remark^ kill
||^M?groes th^at way, and he had no soon
^P^^?ken th?'iwords-than le was '."-rid
^die^ with bullets. : He. was. taken to
?00&& county. fail, where he died- to
l-night. Fifty men of the 5th infantry
/ iUd^atrbl duty in the disturbed * dis
v icics all dayr being : relieved tonight
hy?n& Gate City Guards. As a further
^ ^r^caution Governor /Candler tonight
. /ordered every/militiaman1 in ; Atlanta
. n^ and to ' remain at their
?'; company headquarters: until further
r^GO^EBN?B CANDLERS' STATE
.MENT.
||i|^^vernor^ follow-.
ing statement tonight:
: "?t 7.'. o'clock this morning I was
called up . by Deputy Sheriff. Shr?p
?j^'ishire, -who informed me that a despe
;ll"iate; negro, who had waylaid and
; wounded a policeman on Friday, had
'/. "been located in"an old store house on
|?McDaniel street,- beyond the . city
Jr; limits, and that the county police had
> surrounded the house and were wait?
ing until daylight to capture him.
f^^L&t?i?s statement he telephoned me
; ^rVauthbri
"I advised him not to do so, but to
^|g^nard the house and to prevent the
^ai?ape '-of : the negro and to call me
f^ga?* whenl got to my office. I at
^^?^^rdexed Major Barker to proceed
?fcfcifeut delay to the scene of the dis?
turbanceTTjth. fifty men and a Gatling
^^aa;r:3a^a few f?inutes Deputy"
^?heraff- Sh?ops?ure^ advised me that,
/ while he had been at the telephone j
.r^?k^ to~me, Sheriff Neims had or- j
""dereel the rbonse burned and the negro [
l^haclr escaped,but was believed to be in ;
another aoase near by. Meanwhile'the
Jroojs under Major Barker had gone
^ " the scene of the trouble, order*3
y.?^ing^yel^ liot t? fire on any to^s?
-. in.frhich there WCrfc ;aay ' women and
cM?drpn* Before the .'troops, arri ved,
:; it iiaVing been ascertained, there were
/feo women, or children in this house,
lt also was fired. Meantime the negro,
p^Sdio was armed with two "Winchester
//rifles' and was an expert shot, had.
/ "killed tbreje more white officers and
wounded two others, and two negroes
? had also been killed? but the ringlead
&??er would not come out, remaining
until the house was burned down over
Mm. v
"The whole trouble grew out of the
attack upon and severe wounding of
the county policeman by the negroes.
Three negroes are in jail
" l'h?ve orderedall the troops in the
city under arms and have a heavy for?a
on duty at Pittsburg,? a dense negro
settlement, to prevent-further trouble.
All harmless negroes and their homes
will be protected at whatever cost, and
: all riotous conduct on the part of any?
body, white pr. black, will be met
with whatever force may be neces?
sary to preserve order. ' '
Sev?nteen-Year Locusts.
Washintgon, May 17.-Large num?
bers of seventeen-year locusts have
made their appearance in this city
and reports of similar visitations have
reached the departmen t of agriculture
from Altoona, Pa., and Nashville,
Tenn. The department entomologists
say that young nursery trees and
young, shoots of mature trees are all
that will sustain injury from the visi?
tation of the locusts, and that there is
no cause for alarm over their .appear?
ance. It is anticipated that the locusts
will be reported from other portions
of Tennessee, and from Virginia, West
Virginia, North Carolina, South Caro?
lina, Kentucky and other, localities.
THE STATE FAIB.
Thursday was the day upon which
the bids for the State fair recently
called for by the committee were to
have been opened. None of the com?
mitteemen reside here and it could not
be definitely acsertained yesterday
whether any bids were presented. It
is said that there were none. Colum?
bia did not put in a bid to keep the
fair here, the merchants and business
men taking the view that if the fair
is carried away they will at once
organize an epxosition company and
give a first class show every fall.-The
State, May217.
THE CHILD LABOR QUESTION.
Senator Tillman Speaks Out on a
Grave Issue.
Washington, May 17.-Senator Till?
man has written the following letter
to one of his constituents and is
desirous that it have widest circula?
tion possible in South Carolina :
My Dear Sir : I have your letter of
May 6. The House committee has
rejected the Lovering resolution, look?
ing to a Constitutional amendment
allowing Congress, to fix the hours of
labor, and l am glad of it. No such
amendment should ever pass or become
law. The people of the respective
States alone should control such mat?
ters and they are fully competent to
do so. Your looking at things from
only one standpiht is the reason why
you have been misled into advocating
such centralizing and un-Democratic
doctrines. Suppose, for instance, that
Congress, under the pressure of organ?
ized labor in the cities, should pass
an eight-hour law for all workmen
throughout the United States? What
would become of the agricultural work?
ers of th.e country?
I agree heartily with the idea of the
South Carolina Legislature being com?
pelled to protect child labor in our
: factories, as well as prevent the exces?
sive hours of laboramohg adults, and
shall lend my support, with all the
earnestness I possess, before the next
Legislature to relieve the State of the
odium now attaching to it, The cotton
mill presidents may clamor for the
privilege of blighting the lives of the
children who work in their , mills,
when they should be at play or at
school,, and they may demand the
right to declare dividends by his can?
nibalistic process, but unless I mis?
take the people of our State the issue
has only, to be presented . fully and
bravely to cause the Legislature to do
its du$y by an overwhelming majority.
sGod^forbid that we.should.ever have to
seek reilef from Congress in that or
any other proper reform of a local
character.
I consider the action of the mill'
owners in Aiken Comity in locking
out their employees as the most cruel
and unjustifiable wrong I. have ever
known of.; It cannot be disputed that
men have-thecrighfc to strike and quit
work, nor can it be disputed that the
owners of cotton mills have the right
to close their doors and not give work,
but the effort to force tbs King mill
people to return to work by punishing
all the operatives in the other ^mills;i
who{have nothing to do with it and
living even in' a different State3 is
something unheard of _in the South.
Those mills would never been built
but with a view to employing labor for
the mutual benefit of both the owners
and workers, and when the lockout
came it was too late for the operatives
to seek employment on the farm, as no
crop could have been planted at that
late date. I had rather see every cot?
ton mill in South Carolina burned
down and never have another one be
built than to have those who own
them make slaves of those who work
in them. The child labor business is
cold-blooded greed. The Aiken lock?
out is a proclamation unspeakable in
its infamous cruelty and insolence.
The unnecessary suffering it has pro?
duced and the sense of wrong will
?ahse incalcuable injury. There are
men in; Aiken County who, to my
knowledge, have been working faith?
fully apd continually, for years and
fears in j^e" Horse Creek Valley, with
3Bt ^eis^htest friction, and if all
khe.cperfttives in that valley could
move away and leave the mills to rot
lown for ?he want of labor it would
be nothing more than just retribution
for this high*handed and outrageous
action on the part of the owners?
B; K: Tillman. |
; PufoJi? Unti??^.
-.
The Forum.
The discovery that there is more of
filth, squalor, and general sloveliness
in public places and works, in streets,
squares, riversides, docks, quays, roads j
and;bridges in the United States than j
in? any other country of the first or
even second rankTs a humbling but
salutary experience. In-what may be
callled "our public housekeeping, in the
outward appearance and maintenance
of places and works administered by
public or-semi-public -enterprises, we
rank with Turkey' rather than, with
England or Germany. Oriental Ja?
pan, tiny Switezrland and slow-going
Holland stand far ahead bf the United
States in this respect. Our national
slovenliness is seen in dirty streets
and unsightly water fronts : in ill-kept
squrares, ragged sidewalks and abomi?
nable pavements: in shabby railway
stations and embankment walls built
up of rotting sleepers ; and in a thou?
sand shiftless substitutes for solid
permanent works. The unspeakable
country roads which abound in so
many regions not only illustrate the
existence, but also demonstrate the
folly of this semi-barbarous slackness
of administrai ton ; for they constitute
the most costly means of transporta?
tion possible, impose a heavy tax on
every farmer ' and other reisdent, and
are a clog upon the general prosperity
of the regions they traverse. Tidiness
and the efficient maintenance of public
works cost more in the first outlay
than negligence : but they save this
excess many times over in the end.
Woman Murdered.in Laurens.
Laurens, May 19.-Last night about
10.30 o'clock the sharp repoxt of a pis?
tol and the scream of a woman startled
the residents in the vicinity of the
cotton mill store. They were quickly
attracted to the house of Walker
Edwards, a mill operative, where to
their great astonishment Mrs. Ewdards
was found in the back porch swelter?
ing in her own blood, which was ooz^
ing from a bullet hole in the forehead,
just above the left eye. She was un?
conscious and remained so until the
end came later. It is said that she and
Edwards did not live happily and had
a fuss early last evening. However,
she and her husband had sat in the
front piazza up to about 10 o'clock*
when she announced ber intention of
retiring and left the piazza presnmably
for that purpose. A few moments
later t?ie fatal shot was heard at the
rear. The tragedy was soon enveloped
in mystery. The coroner's jury foand a
verdict that the deceased had come
to her death at the hands of a person
unknown.
"STONEWALLS FATALISM.
Jackson Prayed to God of Battles
While Shell Fell.
From Lippincott's Magazine.
Jackson was as absolutely a fatalist
as Napoleon, with this difference : that
Jackson was a man with a religious
creed, while Napoleon was not. Jack?
son was a Presbyterian and an abso?
lute believer in the tenets of that
Church. As an evidence of his fatal?
ism, I once saw him standing in a
mountain road when the wheel of a
caisson came off and was rolling di?
rectly on him. An officer of his staff
called to him to move, but he stood
still The wheel struck a stone,
bounded over the side of the moun?
tain, and Stonewall Jackson turned
to the officer and said* "You see,
there was no danger. I knew it."
It was Stonewall Jackson's habit to
pray on the battlefield. His method
was to5 remove his cap, raise his right
hand and then pray to the God of bat?
tles. I saw him do this on several oc?
casions, notably on the field of Port
Bepubiic, his battle with Shields,
while sitting on his horse iii a road
down which a splendidly served
Northern battery was pouring shot
and shell.
Gen. Lawton informed me that
sometimes he would give him an im?
portant prder so quickly that it would
almost take his breath away. Notably
at Cedar Mountain Jackson rode up
to him and said, "Gen. Lawton, ad?
vance and drive the enemy from your
front." Lawton replied, "General,
there is a very ravine in the enemy's
front." Jackson replied, "I know it.
Advance!" He did not waste words.
Jackson^ practice was to speak of the
Northern troops as Mexicans. He very
rarely called them anything else. JDr.
Bunter McGuire, his medical director,
is my authority for this statement.
Stonewall Jackson died in a house
that is still standing at Guinea Sta?
tion, in Virginia, on the line of the
Eichmond, Fredericksburg and Poto?
mac Railroad. His left arra was am?
putated at the shoulder, being - taken
out. of the socket.. When he closed
his-eyes in death his little daughter,
then 2 or 3 years old, lay on his
breast, with his right arm over her.
His dying words were, "Pass the
infantry rapidly to the front." "Tell
A. P. Hill to prepare for action."
"We will pass over the river 'and rest
under the shade-of the trees on the op?
posite side." He was delirious and,
like Napoleon's, his mind, as it feebly
fulfilled its last officers, was with his
military past,
Fessenden's Wireless Telegraph.
Pittsburg, Pa., May 19.-The Ga?
zette tomorrow will publish the fol?
lowing:
Prof. Reginald A. Fessenden, the
wireless telegraph expert, is in Pitts-"
burg with friends. He declared last
night that he had completed arrange?
ments for the organization of a close
to $5,000,000 company for the develop?
ment of the wireless system. Prof.
Fessenden said also that his system of
wireless telephoning has been perfect?
ed to a degree that if appiled to Pitts?
burg there would be none of v the
troublesome crossing of lines.
On the strength of the success of
experiments condcuted in the interest
of the United States Government, Prof.
Fessenden has arranged to fulfill a
number of contracts ? of importance.
He and his associates will shortly
take up the work of installing Trans
Atlantic stations, connecting, in one
instance, the United States and France.
-i- i m -? ? +<r.mm -
Will Have Office of Some Kind.
8ne Southern statesman who is ?f?t
ty surely bound to have. effic? of
some kind .is Seantof MSX&Srin, of
South Carolina,, I? S??ms a. great pity
that the Pr?sent cannot see this
trader betwfcfeh the lines in his ' true
light, b&fc he is more or less captivated
by what seems to him like McLau
Tia's chivalric assumption of a politi?
cal cause which is not that of his State,
but which is-dear to the President.
' The report that McLaurin is to be
made a Judge or the Court of Claims,
however, is not well founded. This
Court is one of the most important iu
the country, for it deals with larger
amounts of money than does any other
tribunal. It has been badly treated,
however, and its Judges are wretched?
ly paid, receiving only S4,500 per year.
Congress ought to repair this injus?
tice, and the President realizes that
he ought to have a lawyer for the
Bench whose ability is entirely dis
proportioned to the meagTe salary.
Henry Loomis Nelson, in the Boston
Herald.
um?
Mr. George F. Seward, president
or. the Fidelity and Casualty Company
of New York, is an intimate friend of
Mr. Andrew \ Carnegie, and -tells a
most remarkable story concerning the
millionaire Scotchman. It is in effect
that when tho Spanish treaty was
pending Mr. Carnegie went to 'Presi?
dent McKinley and said to him that
he wished to be sent to the Philip?
pines as a special commissioner or. as
one of the several commissioners, with
authority to assure the Filipinos that
the Americans were seeking only their
good and had only the kindest feelings
for them; that we desired to help
them establish their own government
securely and then their independence
would be recognized. He further told
Mr. McKinley that if he could have
such authority he himself would
undertake to pay the $20,000,000 which
the treaty of Paris stipulated the Uni?
ted States should pay to Spain for the
relinquishment of her title to the
Philippines.
It is hard to believe that Mr. Car?
negie made such a proposa?, as this to
the President of the United States,
yet the story comes from a reliable
source. It was scarcely less than the
offer of a bribe. It was certainly a
reflection upon our government 'for
Mr. Carnegie to intimate that a mone?
tary consideration stood between us
and our duty to the Filipinos. If Mr.
McKinley had not boen one of the
most amiable men in the world he
would have shown Mr. Carnegie the
door.-Richmond Times.
, Switzerland is preparing to substi?
tute electricity for steam on its rail?
roads and water power for coal. It
is the beginning of what appears to be
the next great, revolution in the rail?
way problem.
ARMY OF MURDERERS.
Testimony of Soldiers Reveals Hor?
rors of Philippine Campaign.
Refined Women Violated; Women With
Babies in Arms and Old Men Butcher?
ed; Their Bodies Burned.
Washington, May 19.-During the
Philippine investigation before the
senate committee today a letter was
read from Gen. Hughes, denying that
he had ever given orders for the water
cure and saying that if such a charge
was made he wanted the fullest inves?
tigation- of it. Corporal Richard
O'Brien, formerly of the Twenty
sixth volunteer infantry, testified to
seeing the water cure administered.
"There was," he said, "a Spanish
woman in the town-woman of educa?
tion-who was violated by the Ameri?
can oflicers."
This statement was made without
any questioning and as soon as the
witness had made it Senator Lodge
asked for the names of the oificers.
These the witness said he could not
give, adding that he had not witness?
ed the incident, but that the woman's
husband was his authority for the
statement.
Senators Rawlins and Patterson ob?
jected to the testimony as mere hear
|.say and urged that it should not go
into the record. The witness then was
asked if Jae could not give further
Eroof of the correctness of his charge,
a response he related another instance
of disorderly conduct, which had, he
'said, come under his own observation.
This occurred at San Joaquin, the
president of which place gave a recep
tion to which a number of native
women were invited f rom Hoilo. ' * They
were," he said, /'above the average )
-not peasant women. " Among those
present were Capt McDonad, Lieut.
Plummer of Company M, and Major
Cook. The witness said^these officers
became intoxicated and while in that
condition threw off all their clothes
except their undershirts and their
trousers, and catching the women
about the waists insisted upon their
waltzing with them, much to the
disgust of the women.
Witness said he was not on good
terms with his captain. He also said |
that at one place a woman with two
children was burned to death in a
bamboo shack when the troops were I
burning the town. "Dum-dum'-' or |
explosive bullets, he stated, were issued
to the troops in the regular way and
did horrible execution.
There were "unwritten orders to
take no prisoners," which were carried
out in open campaign. He did not
know who issued the orders, but they
were understood to be in effect Upon
close questioning he admited that he
had seen many prisoners and they were
being treated kindly by the officers
and men.
-O'Brien described the capture of
Lanag in Panay, when a soldier fired
at a native boy on a cariboo. He
missed, then all the soldiers fired,
himself included. This was not done
by orders.
"This shooting, " he said, "brought
the people to their doors, and among
those who came out was an old man
who was shot in the abdomen and af?
terward died. Later, while the firing
was in progress two other old men be?
tween the ages of 50 and'70, I should
say, came towards us hand in" hand I <
and bearing a white flag. Both were 11
shot down and the sergeant reported
to Capt. McDonald that he had killed 1
two more 'niggers. ' ' Another case was <
that of a ?woman and two children. I
one in her arms, who were killed and
then burned up in their house."
MARTINIQUE AND ST VINCENT.
Reports Ff??i? B?rbad??s and Fort
de France.
Washingtor, May 19.-Secretary Hay
has receievd the following cablegram
from United States Consul MacAllis
ter, at Batbadoes, dated today :
''Sixteen hundred deaths at St. Vinr
cent; four thousand destitute. Imme?
diate wants suplied. ' Aid needed for
six months."
The navy department received the
following dispatch from Commander
McLean, of the Cincinnati :
"Fort du France, May 19.-Water
barge not needed. Ashes and vol?
canic dust falling thickly here. Now
like thick fog : decks covered. "
The Potomac is reported to have
reached St. Lucia Saturday.
YESTERDAY IN MARTINIQUE.
Fort de France, Island of Marti?
nique, May 19-8 a. m.-A party from
here has gone to St. Pierre on the
British cruiser Indefatigable, carrying
wit1 them coffins for the purpose of
re recovering: the bodies of the family
of Thomas T. Prentis, the late Uni?
ted States consul at that place, who
were killed in the disaster. The in?
terment^ of th? remains will take
place here and will be conducted with
military honors. The Indefatigable
brought 120 tons of supplies.
. There wss another eruption from
Mont Pelee yesterday.. Ashes fell here.
The vlocano is stlil violently smoking
and there are no signs of it ceasing'its
activity.
The United States cruiser Cincin?
nati and the Uinted States, tug Poto?
mac will be stationed here indefinite?
ly. The Potomac will shortly go to
the island of Guadaloupe to bring to
this place the furniture, books, etc.,
of the office of the'United States con?
sul there, Louis H. Ayme..
London, May IS.-A dispatch from
Vienna to a news agency -says it is re?
ported from .Cracow, Galicia, that a
million roubles have been -stolen from
the headquarters of the general -staff
there. Two generals and several staff
officers, says the dispatch, have been
anested in connection with the rob?
bery.
Baltimore. May 17.-The City of i
Charelston, S. C., has made a contract I
with the Mercantile Trust and Deposit j
, Company, of this city, for building j
! water-works, giving a thirty-years' j
! franchise to that corporation. The !
j Charleston Li^ht and Water Company j
which acquired the water-works will j
carry out the new undertaking for the ;
j Baltimore company. T'?e capitaliza- j
j tion consists of 8150,000 of twenty- ;
j vear, 5 per cent gold bonds and ;
i 81.000.000 of stock. .
GREEN ANO GAYNOR ESCAPE.
Return to Quebec Under Conduct
of High Constable on Special
Train.
Montreal, Que., May 19.-Col Gay?
nor and Capt. Greene have won the
first skirmish in the fight against extra?
dition to the United States and to?
night the two men are in the old city
of Quebec where they believe pro?
ceedings to force them to return to the
United States to answer the charge
of defrauding the United States gov?
ernment can be successfully fought.
Tonight at 10 o'clock a special train
o.n the Canadian Pacific arrived from
Quebec with High Constable Gale
and assistants on. board, armed with
a writ of habeas corpus. They got
into a cab and drove to the Montreal
jail, to which institution Gaynor and
Greene had been committed by Judge*
Lafontaine during the afternoon.
The stay of the high constable in the
jail was of very short duration. Evi?
dently Gov. Vallee and his guests
awaited their coming, for in "a short
time Gale appeared accompanied by
Gov. Vallee and Messrs. Gaynor and
Greene. A quick drive was made to
the Place Viger. station, and an hour
after the iarrival of the special train,
it departed, with the much sooght
fugitives from the American courts
on board.
EH alf an hour later the regular train
for Quebec departed, having on board
Donald MacMaster and Chief Car?
penter. They went to answer the
writ of habeas corpus served on Car-:
penter. Incidentally Mr. MacMas?
ter will use all his efforts to see that
Gov. Vallee returns his prisoner, to
the Montreal jail. The question as to
whether he shall do so or not depends
entirely upon the legality of the. ar?
rest. The case will come up in Quebec
tomoorrow.
There was a warm argument today
in the extraditioneourt before Judge
Lafontaine when "the Gaynor-Greene
case was called. It began when -the
counsel for the accused complained
that yesterday they were unable to
secure access to their clients, who were
being confined in a private prison at
the Windsor Hotel. They therefore
demanded that Gaynor and Greene be
committed to the Montreal jail, in
charge of Gc v. Vallee, so that they
could get access to them.
Mr. MacMaster for the United States
government at first raised no objection,
but a few minutes later he learned
that two writs of habeas corpus had
been sworn out and that one of these
was addressed to Gov. Vallee. Once
in the Montreal jail the writ would
be served upon the governor and he
would have no choice but to obey its
call and take Gaynor and Greene
down to Quebec Mr. MacMaster en?
tered a vigorous protest against the
proceedings. Judge Lafontaine took
the matter under advisement and this
afternoon decided that as the t prison?
ers really should be in jail and desired
bo go there he had no -alternative but
to commit them. The prisoners were
then taken and committed to the care
3f Gov. Vallee under formal remand
antil Friday next.
Quebec, Que., May 19.-On receipt
Df the news that Judge Lafontaine of
Montreal had remanded Messrs. Gay?
nor and Greene to the Montreal jail
tvrits of habeas corpus were secured,
sailing upon the sheriff to produce the
two prisoners in Quebec. A special
train was chartered and High Consta
ole Gale and a number of provinci?l
?onstables left at 5 o'clock for Mon?
treal to serve the papers and if possi?
ble to get possession of Greene ' and
Sraynor.
; SPABTANB?RG WINS THE CUP.
lury Has Awarded Prize to Spar?
tan Women.
Charleston, May 17.-Spartanburg
has won .the prize for the best county
?xhibit in the Woman's building. The
following is the report of the commit?
tee, which was selected by Mrs. S. C.
Simonds, president of the Woman's"
board, without their names being
known even to the executive commit?
tee. Spartanburg also won the first
prize of 81,000, for the best county
exhibit at the Exposition:
At the request of the president of
the Woman's^board of the Exposition,
Mrs. Sarah Calhoun Simonds, Mrs.
Richard NP. Bland, Mrs. Edyth Tozier
Weatherred and Mrs. S. Rhett Roman,
consenting to act as - a committee on
awards, have examined carefully and
critically the county exhibits of
women's work placed in the Woman's
building, with a view to give . their
unbiased and honest opinion as to
which county, by its superior display
of art and other women's work, and its
superior decoration, should be award?
ed the silver cup prize offered by Mr.
James Allen for that, purpose.
The counties which have exhibits in
the Woman's building are the follow?
ing; Dorchester, Greenville, Laurens,
Newberry, Edgefield, Anderson, Or
angeburg. Union, Sumter, Florence,
Berkeley, Spartanburg, Aiken and
Georgetown, thirteen in all.
Houston, Texas, May IS.-A tele?
gram from Superintendent Forbes, of
the New York, Texas and Mexican, to
General Manager Van VIeck, in this
city, says that eight blocks of busi?
ness houses were blown down at
Goliad. Thirty negroes and twenty
seven white people were killed and
seventy-five or eighty others injured.
San Antonio, May 18.-Shortly after
noon today a terrible wind and rain
storm swept over San Antonio, damag?
ing propertv to the extent of not less
than $50,000. The wind reached a
velocity of. seventy-two miles an hour
and continued at that rate for nearly
twenty minutes.
A BARGAIN IN PENS,
Esterbrook's Superior Steel Pens. AH
Sizes. For Sale.
Sumter, S. C., May 20.-We have
just bought, at a sacrifice sale, 50
?gross
Esterbrook's Pens, assorted sizes,
which we oller at 30 cents a gross.
The Esterbrook pen is the standard in
quality and is never sold for less than
75 cents a gross-many stationers
charge SI a gross.
H. G. OSTEEN & CO. .
Liberty Street
COAL MINE HOBBBB IM TEiMIIBM^EE/ j
About Two Hundred Men and Boys
Entombed. .-7:
Coal Creek, Tenn., May 19.-The
worst disaster in the history of Ten?
nessee mining occurred at 7.30 o'clock
this morning, when between 175 and .
fr men and boys met instant death afc ?
t?e h raterville coal mine, two miles
west of this town, as a result of a gas
explosi?n.
Ont of the large number of men and
boys who went to work this morning
developements at 10 o'clock tonight'
show that only one is alive and he is
so badly injured that he cannot live
This man was Wm. Morgan, an aged^:
Englishman, who was a road man in. ^
the mme and was blown out of the en
trance by force of the explosion. One
hundred and seventy-five. miners were
checked in for work this morning by
the mine boss. In addition to these
were boys who acted as helpers and
drivers, roadmen and others to the
number of perhaps fifty.
: Fraterville 'mine is the oldest mine
in the Coal Creek district,, having,
been opened in 1870. It is fuUy three :
miles from the mine's opehnig to the
point where the men were at work;
They had not been at work long be?
fore the terrible explosion occurred.
There was a fearful roar and the ?
flames shot from the entrance of the
air shafts. -News of the disaster
spread like wildfire, but as soon as ~
possible two rescuing parties were^:
started in, one at the main eohsace^ ^
the other through Thistle mine, which
adjoins and in which no men were: ai
work: The Thistle party were unable ?|?
to make any headway, as the . gas- '
stifled the workers. The Fraterville^
party went fully two miles ?under' :tti&M
earth, until a heavy fall of slate was , '
encountered. At this barrier menS
worked like demons, hoping; against^
hope that those beyond might: be s^?^ r i
AU day long the rescuers -ioit?d&?M B
the slate obstruction and not untfll% ^
o'clock this evening did they ibrce^an^"J
entrance, through it Up to that houi^ll
only five dead bodies'had been recover-^ ?
ed and hope was still high that - ma?y^?
within were safe. The hopes of the?t
living were doomed, ' however, : ifor
when oncetherescuers could enter and - r
proceed they; walked through a con?
tinuous tomb of deaths There was not:
a sign of life. ?very man had perish?
ed, they believed, although it will be? -
tomorrow morning before all - the .
rooms can be entered.
Eight dead bodies were first recover-'
ed and- these were sent to Coal Creek.
Twenty-six more were soon founds They
were not disfigured beyond identifica?
tion, and each corpse, as it was borne
from'the month of the gigantic tomb,
was surrounded by eager crowds ;';
of relatives of the men- who were *
entombed. 'I }'*
The Fraterville mine is . owned by "
the Coal Creek company,- of which:
Maj. E. C. Camp is president. He .
was in Cincinnati and is now hurry- .
ing to the scene of the disaster. -ui:. "
1891, after i nspecting Fraterville min?; - re ?
state Commissioner of Labor El A.
Shiffet reported that the ventilation'00:
was not up to requirements ; that the^?*;
furnace was inadequate to ventilai?
the mine, and that the air ways w?re> >H>
choked in places: '
He found that 164 men were at work:
on the day of his visit, requiring-by "v;
statute 15,200 cubic feet of air . per
minute. Tile volume of air entering
the mine, he said," was only 8^000 cubics .
feet per minute/ ' '.S
; SELL YOUR PISTOLS.
No More Pistol Carrying dr Pistot; v
Selling After Next Month.
Columbia, May 17.-It does not ap?
pear to be generally remembered thatc- ;
the State .is going to practically stop? ' ^ I
the sale bf pistols after the 1st of
July. Jt is not a long while before'the* -
new statute goes into effect. It is,
therefore, high time for the dealers ini ; \
pistols to remember the existence of .
the statute and get to the point of clos?
ing out their stocks. At the tune the.
statute was enacted there was-some
talk of bringing a suit to test the con?
stitutionality of the Act. No test
can be made until the law becomes;
operative because the State Supreme.
Court will not decide a" case which
presents a prospective issue. There
is now talk of a pool being gotten : jip
among the dealers to. employ ,, distihr
guished counsel.and, by violating the
law, make a test of the constitution- _
ality. The man who, after July 1,
ioiates the law and allows himself to.-.-'--;
be convicted merely to test the statute,
runs a considerable risk, but some; .
agreement may be reached " upon this
matter.
The law is radical and extraordinary,
but South Carolina has before this . \
done some more surprising things,
and if the new law will only stop the
pistol habit it-will have done a great
thing.
The Act, *hieh was passed in 1901;
and is known as the Cooper law, reads
as follows :
"Section 129. From and after the
first day of July, 1902, .it. shall be un?
lawful for anyone to carry about the
person, whether concealed or not, any
pistol less than twenty inches long
and three pounds in weight, and it
shall be unlawful for any person, firm
or corporation to manufacture, sell or
offer for sale or transport for ose or
sale into this State, any pistol of this
length or weight. Any violation of this
' section shall be punished by a fine of
not less than one hundred dollars, or
imprisonnment for not more than
thirty days, and in case of a violation
by a "firmVr a corporation it shall for?
feit the sum of one hundred dollars to
and for the use of the school fund of
the countv wherein the violation takes
place, tobe recovered as other fines
and forfeitures. This section shall
not applv to peace officers in the actual
discbarge of their duties or to persons
while on their premises.
"The fines and forfeitures above pro?
vided for, when collected, shall go to
the school fund of the county where
the violation occurred." .
At the recent session of the General
Assemblv the Act was amended^ by its ..
friends so as to cure ambiguities.
News and Courier.
The British steamer Camorta is re?
ported to have foundered near the
jVIadras coast, with all of its crew and
passengers, numbering 739.

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