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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April. 1850t "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thor. Aims't at, he thy Country's, thy God's^andSTratiVs." THE TK?B SOCTHBON. Established June i S6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 28. 1902. New Series-Vol. XXI. So. 43
C?je ^afrjpait at? JiMpit
Publisi?d ?wry Wednesday,
IM". C3r. Osteen,
SUMTER, S. C.
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Ooo Square first insertion.$1 00
Every subsequent insertion. 50
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HOfiB &RRAI6NS REP08LIGAN PARTY
Speech One of Finest Efforts of His
Life in Condemnation of Phil?
ippe Policy. Cuba as
Special to The State.
Washington,. Ma v 22.-Seid om in the
history of the senate has that body
listened to a speech mo:re truly great
and eloquent'than was delivered this
afternoon by Senator Hoar, of Massa?
chusetts In what is destined to b^
known as the most memorable forensic
effort of the venerable senator's life
he arraigned with fearful denuncia?
tion and force the policy of the admin?
istration in the Philippine islands,
which he declared had caused the
; American flag to become in the eyes
of the Filipinos "the emblem of sacri?
lege in the Christian churches and of
the burning of human dwellings."
Of the burning of human dwellings
and of the horror of the water torture
he spoke with truth and vigor.
Surrounded by nearly every mem?
ber of the senate, galleries that were
packed, the senator's eloquent perora?
tion was listened to in intense silence,
his beautiful word picture portraying
the progress of the nation. He closed
by exptessing the hope that "the flag,
which this generation had received
without a rent, would yet be handed
down without a stain."
. Democratic and Republican senators
burst forth into prolonged applause, a
most unusual proceeding for the sen?
ate. So prolonged was"! it that the
presiding officer called attention of the
senate to the rule proi bibi ting expres?
sions of approval or disapproval.
Mr. Hoar confined himself closely to
his manuscript. He denounced the at?
titude of the government in the Phil?
ippines as one of the most wicked and
foolish chapters in American history.
He urged that the United States should
withdraw from the islands and permit
the people there to erect their own
government, as had been done in
Cuba. He sharply arragined Gen.
Funstou for the methods he pursued
in the capture of Aguinaldo and inti?
mated sttrongiy that had the senate
been aware of the facts Funston might
not have been confirmed in his recent
promotion. He hoped that, as the
irrevocable step had not been taken by
the United States, beater counsels yet
would prevail and that this govern?
ment would leave the Philippines.
Mr. Hoar maintained that this coun?
try is Lot at fc?r. "You are fighting
for sovereignty," he said. "You are
fighting for the principle of eteria
dominion over that people, and thai ;s
the only question in issue in this Cv, --
fiict. " When it had been determine
to resort to force in r;he Philippines,
he said, the government took upon it?
self the natural consequences of that
decision. The result of the conflict of
arms of such a character inevitably
was that there would be cruelty on one
side and retaliation by cruelty on the
other, and the responsibility rested
upon those who made the policy. He
said that the share which it is pro?
posed to give the Filipinos in the pro?
posed scheme of government was an ad?
mission that many of them were fit for
self-government. The United States
was fighting to secure a dependency,
not a republic-a government of our
making and not a government of
tho Filpinos' making.
Discussing the testimony taken by
the 'Philippine committee, Mr. Hoar
said it has contained some pregnant
admissions. What vindicates that
which has been done so far is the sav?
ing the islands from anarchy and the
material [benefit conferred upon the
Philippine people. What the fathers
, of the republic said and our century
of glorious history were appealed to in
vain. "Their f lessons fell upon the
ears of men dazzled by military glory
and delirious with the lust of con?
quest. " He compared the situation
in Cuba with that in the Philippines
and demanded to know which was the
Mr. Hoar recited a chapter of the
history of this country, which, he
said, showed that the present policy
of the government was in contradic
j tion of the Monroe doctrine, and it
! was a contradiction of the Declaration
j of Independence. He said that if the
present way was followed the Declara?
tion of Independence would be repeal?
ed and nothing would be left of the
Monroe doctrine except the principle
of brtital selfishness. This govern?
ment had erected a republic in Cuba
and a despotism in the Philippines.
Six hundred millions of treasure and
ten thosaund American lives had been
sacrified in that endeavor. In the Phil?
ippines the American flag had been
made the emblem ofj sacrilege and of
the burning of homes and the horror
of the water torture. He believed
that our officers in general were
humane, "but in some cases they have
carried on your warfare with a mix
i ture of Air erican ingenuity and Cas
? tilian cruelty."
"What have your ideals cost you?"
inquired Mr. Hoar. "For the Philip
I pine islands you have had to repeal'
j the Declaration of Independence. For
j Cuba you have had to reaffirm and
give it new lustie. For the*Philippine
islands you have had to convert the
Monroe doctrine into a doctrine of
mere selfishness. For Cuba you have
acted on it, and vindicated it In
Cuba you have the eternal gratitude
of a free people. In the Philippine isl?
ands you have the hatred and sullen
submission of a subjugated people.
From Cuba you have brought home
nothing ?but glory. From the Philip?
pines you have broaghf home nothing
of glory." .
Referring to the -"cruelties commit?
ted in the Philippines, Mr. Hoar said
he believed the American soldiers were
as brave and huumahe as ever lived.
They had done simply what always
would te done in like conditions. The
chief guilt was upon the heads of those
who created the conditions.
Adverting to the -"horrors" which
have occurred in the Philippines, Mr.
Hoar said :
. "I hope and believe they were un- ?
known to the war department. I know j
they wera unknown to President
Roosevelt, and I know they were un?
known to President McKilney. "
He did not believe, however, that the
statement that the war had. been con?
ducted with unexampled humanity on
our part would be accepted by the peo?
ple. He denounced the order alleged
to have been given by Gen. Smith,
and lay particular stress upon the
.horrors o:: the reconcentration camps,
which he likened to the dreadful scenes
in Andersohville prison during the
Washington, May 22.-A bill for the
relief of the Interestate and West
Indian Exposition at Charleston, S.
C., was introduced today by Repre?
sentative Latimer. ^The bill carries an
approppiation of $150,000, for the pur?
pose of paying off the indebtedness of
the exposition company.
Vv7a:its Others to Know
'.I have used Dewitt's Little Early Ris
.s for constipation and torpid liver and
they are all ri^ht. I am glad to indorse
them for I think when we find a good
thing we ought to let others know it,*'
^.ltes Alfred Heinze, Quincy, 111. They
? "vver gripe or distress. Sure, safe pills.
J. o. Hughson <fc Co.
Longview, Texas, May 22.-The cul?
mination of the man-hunt which has
been in progress since last Saturday
was reached today, when Dead ley Mor?
gan, colored, who assaulted Mrs.
McKee, wife of a Texas and Pacific
foreman at Lansing, Tex., was burned
at the stake near Lansing.
Xo Loss of Time.
I have >old Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera
and Diarrhoea Remedy for years, and
would rather be out of coffee and suu'-'ir
than it. I sold five, bottles of it yesterday
to threshers that could go no farther, and
they are at work again this morning. II.
R. PHELPS, Plymouth, Oklahoma. As will
be seen by the above thc threshers were
able to keep on with their work without
losing a single day's time. Ytu should
keep a bottle of this Remedy in your home.
For sale by Dr. A. J. China.
MT. PELEE BREAKS OUT AGAIN.
A Terrible Panic Gaused in Fort
Fort de France. Island of Martin?
ique, May 21.-Yesterday's eruption
from Mont Pelee was violent in the
extreme. Colossal columns of volcanic
matter were ejectedfrom the volcano,
which rained hnge " red-hot boulders,
many feet in diameter, on the ruins '
of Sfc-'Pierre and the country near it,
from an enormouse levation and with
fearful velocity. The volcanic clouds
advanced until they reached Fort de
The spectacle was appalling and
sublime beyond all description. The
whole population of Fort de France
was thrown into a frenzy of panic,
during which soldiers, police, men
and women, all terrified, frantic,
weeping and praying, rusiied through
the streets, while overhead the glow?
ing, fiery clouds rolled relentlessly,
and rained down stones, still hot, j
amid the swirling ashes.
The steam launch of the United
States cruiser Cincinnati took some j
refugees to the French cruiser Suchet, j
and nearly a hundred persons sought
refuge on the Cincinnati and on the
United States special steamer Po?
" At 10.o'clock the Potomac went .to
investigate matters, and all reports
agree that Lieut. Benjamin B. Mc?
Cormick, the commander of tho
steamer, did great work. He went in
close to St. Pierre and found that city
had been bombarded with enormous j
stones from the volcano, and that the !
ruins left standing after the first great j
disaster had been nearly razed. Mil- !
lions of tons of ashes then covered the j
Further south smaller stones had de
stroyed the houses of the brave vil?
lagers who had stuck to their homes.
Lieut. McCormick took on board the
Potomac 180 refugees, the oldest of
whom was 75 years and the youngest 3
days old. The lieutenant fed them and
brought the party to Fort de France, j
This work of rescue was difficult and
It is reported that the whole popula?
tion of the island is fleeing towards
Fort de France. The consternation
prevailing is indescribable. Mont
Pelee is still very threatening.
The French cruiser Suchet went on
another tour around the island, but
did not take part in the rescue work
of the Potomac.
SOUFRIERE ALSO IN ERUPTION.
Kingstown, Island of St. Vincent,
May 19.-Another great eruption of
Soufri?re volcano occurred last night.
Throughout Sunday the'adjoining dis?
tricts trembled and some of the
shocks were felt here. Smoke issued
from the cratters and fissures of the
mountain, and the atmosphere
throughout the island of St,. Vincent
was extremely hot. While the wor?
shippers were returning from church
at 8.30 p. m. an alarming, luminous
cloud suddenly ascended many miles
high in the north of the island and
drifted : sluggishly to the northeast.
Incessant lightning fell on the moun?
tain and one severe flash seemed to
strike about three miles from Kings?
town. The thunderous rumblings in
the craters lasted for two hours, and
then diminished until they became
mere murmurings. The remainder of
the night was clear. Ashes fell from
10 o'clock until midnight. The in
haibtants were frenzied with fear at
the time of the outbreak, dreading a
repetition of the catastrophe which
caused such terrible loss of life on this
island. They ran from the streets into
the open country, crying and praying
for preservation from another calam?
ity. No one on the island of St. Vin?
cent slept that night.
Reports received here from the dis?
tricts in the vicinity of the volcano
say that the rumblings of the craters
were appalling and that streams of lava
flowed down the mountain side.
The continuous aigtation of rho vol?
cano and thc absence of rain has
caused the vicinity of the afflicted vil?
lages to look like portions of the
? )esert of Sahara.
A thick, smoky cloud overspreads
the Island, all business is suspended
here, the streets are empty and every
one is terror-stricken. The feeling of
suspense is painful. People pass their
time gazing at the northern sky. where
tho thunder clouds gather and the
mournful roaring of the volcano is
Ashes and pumice are falling slowly
in the outlying districts.
Today there is an alarming report
from credible source that Enhm
Mountain, near the Maria Quia Valley,
an old and abpparently extinct crater,
is showing signs of activity. This
volcano is only six miles from Kings?
AT WORK AGAIN.
Beginning of End of the Augusta
Augusta, May 22.- According to the
statement given out yesterday after?
noon by President Landon Thomas of
the King mill, the bell of that institu?
tion raing out the call to itsopreatives
at the usual time this morning, and
at 6.45 power was turned on and the
wheels, after being stopped for nearly
two months, again began to revolve.
Just how many went into each de?
partment could not be learned, but the
unions had men standing as near the
gates as they were permitted to for
the purpose of counting the operatives
who went into the building and to
recognize them if possible.
From the mill building the informa?
tion was given that .169 hands had
reported for duty and they were being
used to the best advantage. The union
leaders, however, put a lower esti?
mate on the number of hands than
this They say they had been count?
ed as they went into the building and
the total number at work is not over
VOLCANIC GUST FLOATING.
Forecast Official Discovers Vol?
canic Dust in the Air.
Forecast Official Jesunofsky an?
nounced today the presence of volcanic
dust from Martinique floating in the
air, says the Charleston Post of
Wednesday. The dust is light and
floats high. It is manifest in the pink
character of the sunset, which the
trained eye of the weather bureau man
has witnessed for several days. The
sunset has been been manifesting itself
for several days, but it was not until
yesterday that Mr. Jesunofsky became
convinced that the peculiar glow was
the result of the floating dust from
the recent volcanic eruptions.
. Mr. Jesunofsky observed the dust of
Mount Krakatoa, in South Africa,
which floated over the entire world for
about thirteen years af ter the eruption
in 1883. Mr. Jesunofsky first observed
the dust at' Nashville, where he was
stationed at the time of the eruption,
and later he witnessed the phenomenon
in Charleston. He was among the first
of the weather bureau officials to ob?
serve and report upon the presence of
the floating dust;
MAY STOP BULLFIGHTING.
Young King of Spain Would Like to
Introduce Horseracing Instead.
. Madrid, May 22.-Dr. J. L. M. Curry
and Mrs. Curry leave Madrid tonight
for Paris, where Dr. Curry is to make
a speech at the Rochambeau banquet
on Saturday next. Dr. Curry is de?
lighted with the treatment he receiv?
ed throughout his stay here.
Mrs. Curry was so upset by the
scenes which she witnessed at the bull
fight yesterday that she was unable to
attend tatoo yesterday evening, but she
had previously had a farewell audience
of the queen mother and donated a
thousand pesetas to the free education
fund. Tho gift was highly appreciated
in official circles.
The king yesterday evening, speak?
ing to a foreign diplomat, asked him
how he liked the bull fight. The dip?
lomat was obliged to confess that it
had made a disagreeable impression
"It is cruel," replied the king,
"and I do not like it myself. I would
like to introduce horse racing here as
Stand Like a Stone Wall
Between your children and the tortures
of itching and burning eczema, scaldhead
or other skin diseases.
How': why. by using Bucklea's Arnica
Salve, earth's greatest healer. Quickest
cure for Ulcers, Fever Sorts, Salt Rheum,
('nts. Burns or Bruises. infallible for
Piles. L\"C at J. F. W. DeLorme's drug
WAGENER DAY AT THE EXPOSITION.
Complete and Gratifying Success
in All Respects. Attendance
Estimated at 50,000.
From the Charleston Post.
Thirty thousand visitors had passed
through the several gates of The Ex?
position up to 3 o'clock this af ternoon.
By tonight it is thought that the at?
tendance of the day will run up to
fifty thousand. At a late hour this
afternoon every street car running out
to The Exposition was crowded with
people going out to the show.
All of Charleston and a good part
of South Carolina beside was at the
Ivory City today. The streets of the
city were like Sunday, but the grounds
of The Exposition teemed with life
and gayety and enthusiasm. It was
Wagener Day, and everybody vied with
his neighbor to make it a memorable
occasion and all succeeded in their
The weather was magnificent. The
heat wave which had made it uncom?
fortable for the past few days was
broken bv the little gale of yesterday,
and this in turn subsided to a delight?
ful breeze today. Everything was
propitious to the great celebration, and
everybody was happy.
The name of Wagener was on every
tongue and nothing but praise of his
great work was heard. Restricted by
his own modesty to the most meagre
of formal program, the demonstration
in his honor was for all that, and
perhaps in consequence of it, the mest
hearty and appreciative. Wherever
Capt. Wagener appeared the great
multitude made the air ring with
shouts, and the scene of his labors and
accomplishments for the past six
months today echoed his name from its
Everybody who went into the
grounds contributed to the material
welfare of The Exposition and to the
relief of its chief benefactor, as well as
paid tribute of enthusiasm to the work
and its author. There were no dead?
heads. Everyone paid his way and the
j receipts at the gate for the day were
i far and away beyond those of any oth?
er day of the show.
j It was like a great family reunion.
Everybody knew everybody else.
There were no strangers and no call
for company manners and fine compli?
ments ; just a hearty, warm and
friendly meeting of thousands of peo?
ple ,all animated by the same purpose
and moved by the same interest. It
was the crowning day of The Exposi?
tion and a great day for Charleston.
In many respects the day eclipsed
that of President's Day, and those who
were'at the grounds on the occasion of
the visit of President Roosevelt to the
grounds remarked the contrast.
There was no congestion about the
ticket offices and no crowding ^ about
the turnstiles, and once'within the
grounds no effort was made to rope
the visiors in a certain section of the
grounds. They were given full swing
of the entire grounds and buildings
and the result was that there was no
unpleasantness of any kind. The
crowd today was scattered in different
sections of the grounds. Thousands
of people flocked through the buildings
in the natural section, while others
devoted their time to the Midway and
The Exposition buildings proper. The
crowd kept moving all of the time,
and instead of being a hardship to
take in the exhibits it was a delight?
President Wagener and the directors
of The Exposition are highly gratified
with the success of the day. The at?
tendance was all that they expected
and all day long they wore pleased ex?
pressions on their faces.
Like a Drowning Man.
"Five years ago a disease the doctors
called dyspepsia took such hold of me that
I conld scarcely go,'' writes Geo. S. Marsh,
well-known attorney of Nocona, Tex. rtI
took quantities of pepsin and other medi?
ci m?S hut nothing helped me. As a drown?
ing man grabs at a straw I grabbed at
Kodol. I felt an improvement at once
and after a few bottles am sound and
well." Kodol is the only preparation
which exactly reproduces the natural di?
gestive juices and consequently is the only
one which digests any good food and cures
any form of stomach trouble. J. S. Hugh
s m & Go.
Now is the paper hat season. Nice
assortment material at H. G. Osteen
DR. A. COKE SMITH ELECTED
BISHOP BY METHODISTS.
One of Sumter's Sons Highly
Dallas, Tex., May 22.-The general
conference of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, today elected Dr. F.
E. Hoss of Tennessee and Dr. A. Coke
Smith of Virginia bishops. Dr. Hoss
is the editor of the official papsr of
the Methodists, pubilshed at Nash?
ville. Only one session of the confer?
ence was held, Bishop Hendrix presi?
. : . ;
Conference Adopts Action of
Bishop on the War Claim.
In the general conference of the M.
E. Church, South, at Dallas, Texas,
Bishop Galloway, presiding, laiid the
-war claim matter before the body.
The paper was adopted as a whole and
became a substitute for both original
reports of the majority and the minor-:
itv of the publishing committee.
The effect of the paper aodpted is a
censure of any agents of the church
who acted improperly in procuring the
approppriation from Congress. It en?
dorses the offer of the bishops to : re?
turn the entire sum to the general
government if the Senate of the United
States says it should be returned;
makes the action of the bishop the ac?
tion of the general conference and of
the M. E. Church, South, and legatees,
their future action in the premises.
A vornan who has had experience wi la?
tins disease, tells how to prevent any
dangerous consequences from it. She says:
Our three children took whooping cough
last summer, our baby boy being only three
months old, and owing to our ghing them
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy, they lost
none of their plumpness and came out in
much better health than other children
whose parents did not use this remedy.
Our oldest little girl would call lustily for
cough syrup between whoops.-JESSIE
PINKNEY HALL, Springville, Ala. Thia
Remedy is for sale by Dr. A. J.China.
The best typewriter ribbons for all
standard machines for sale by H. G.
Osteen & Co.
Cunningham Succeeds Melton.
Washington, May 21.-President
Roosevelt today nominated Postmas?
ter Cunningham of Charleston foi
United States marshal, to succeed Law?
son Melton. It has been known hei
for some time that Melton must go,
and with District Attorney Capel
backing Cunningham tho latter WJ
picked as sure winner.
Though no intimation has been
given to that effect, Pen?ion Commis?
sioner Harris of Charleston will prob?
ably be nominated to succeed Pc
master Cunningham. Harris is
cousin of Maj. Micah Jenkins, and
Mr. Capers expects to land him at an
Just received a fresh lot of Crepe
paper 8c. a roll. H. G. Osteer. & Co.
2 Large assortment baskets, 10c. to
SI. Osteen's Book Store.
Makes the bread
Safeguards the food
Alum baking powders are thc greatest
msnacers to health of the present day? ' I
ROYAL eAKINO POWDER CO., HEW YORK. 1