Newspaper Page Text
r JB SU9CTKB WATCHMAN, established
Cfesolidated Aug. 2,1881.
Published Sirsry Wednesday,
S?MTER, S. C.
50 per aaoam?in advance.
Jae Square first jwiatSon.$1 00
Evsry subsequent insertion-. 50
Contracts for three montb% or longer wil.
be made at red need rates.
AH comniaoieatiocs which subserve private
interes ts will be charged for as advertiements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
THE PHOSPHATE ROYALTY.
Annual Report of the Inspector
Filed?Small Increase in Ton
nage of Rock Mined.
Colombia, Jan. 5.?The annual re
port of State Phosphate Inspector T.
J. Cunningham to the governor as
chairman of the board of phosphate
commissioners, <vas filed with that offi
cial yesterday and by him turned over
to the State printer. The report covers
in detail the operations of the mines
for the fiscal year ending Dec. 31,
1902, and the amount of royalty accru
ing to the State from the sales of
phosphate rock for the same period.
The inspector says: "The phosphate
mines have had to contend with an
adverse market for their rock; only in
one instance has the price of rock ex
ceeded $3 per ton, the Coosaw com
pany being the only company to pay
additional royalty?-$187.65. A large
per cent, of the rock was shipped to
foreign markets. The Central Phos
phate Company has operated two
dredges continuously during the year
in Coosaw Biver. The Beaufort Com
pany also operated two dredges con
tinuously in Coosaw River. Both ' of
these companies made application for
a renewal of their licenses which was
granted them. The Coosaw Company
operated two dredges in Coosaw River
until they suspended mining in April
last. They still have 5X0 tons of rock
on hand. The Empire Mining Com
pany when in operation uses only hand
pickers in the spring and summer
mouths. They have on hand 8,100 tons
of rock. The New Cut Mining Com
pany still reports 600 tons of rock on
hand. This company suspended busi
ness about" two years ago. The rock on
hand has never been kiln dried and
they are having trouble in finding a
favorable market for it. The Stono
Company worked one dredge continu
ously in-Stono River until November,
when they suspended for repairs and
other improvements. They anticipate
being ready for work during the pres
ent month, possibly with an addition
al dredge. The Charleston, S. C.
Mining and Manufactureang Company
have recently been granted licenses to
mine in Coosaw.River.
4 4 Your attention is called to the
statements in- detail of the monthly
operations of each company. The re
port shows . a falling off of the rock
mined and sold by some of the com
panies and a gain by others. The ag
gregates for the fiscal year jnst closed
will compare fvorably with those of
The following is the summary for
.the fiscal year 1902, 1901 and 1900ior
the?ve companies now operating in
Mined dur- Ship'd dur
On hand ing yeai* ing year
Tons Tons Tons
1902 . . 37,913 82,119 100,502
1901 . . 55,174 84,941 97,527
1900 .. 87,697 121,225 72,209
Foreign Domestic Royalty
1902 . . 66,793 33,706 $25,310.65
1901 . . 37.727 59,800 $26,279.19
1900 . . 39,435 32,774 $21,5666.49.
A Big Combine's Dividends.
New York, Janaury 6.?The directors
of the United States Steel Corpora
' tion today declared the regular quart
erly dividends of 1 per cent on the
common and 1% per cent, on t|je pre
ferred stocks. A financial statement
"was issued, showing net earnings
for the calendar vear, v;ith December,
estimated .for $13*2,662, G00.
The net earnings for the qnarter
ended December Sl were $31,330,613,
an increase of $1,579,700 as compared
with the same period of 1901. The
transfer books close for the preferred
dividend on January 20 and for the
common on March 16.
From the net earnings for the year
deductions are made of $24,528,183
for sinking funds, depreciation and re
serve funds and for a special fund set
aside for depreciation and improve
ments ; of $15,200,000 for interest bonds;
of $3,040,000 on sinking funds for bonds
and of $56,052,869 for interests on tho
stocks. These deductions leave un
divided profits amounting to $33,841,565
for the year, applicable to increase, de
preciation and reserve fund accounts
for new construction or surplus. The
cash on hand is $54,724,106.
It was reported to the board that the
plan for stock subscription was being
well received by the employees and
that within three days after oppor
tunity to subscribe was given upwards
of 16,000 shares had been subscribed
Finds Way to Live Long.
The atartiing announcement of a discov
e y that will surely lengthen life is made
oy editor O. H. Downey, of Churubusco,
IndN **I wish to state," he writes, "that Dr.
King's New Discovery for consumption is
the most infaliiole remedy that I have ever
known for coughs, colds and grip. It's
invaluable -to people with weak lungs.
Having this wonderful medicine no one
need dread pneumonia or consumption.
Its relief is instant and cure certain."
JcF. W. DeLorme guarantees every 60c and
$1 bottle, and gives trial bottles free.
THE PENITENTIARY REPORT.
Supt. Griffith's Annual Report
Shows That the State Prison
and Farms Are in Fine
One of the thoroughly efficient and
successful officers of the State Govern
ment is Capt. D. J. Griffith, superin
tendent of the State Penitentiary. He
has had an eminently successful term.
A summary of his report, in "which he
makes a condensation of the facts con
nected with the institution, will be of
great interest. His report shows for
the year 1902:
The population of the Penitentiary,
including those located at Clemson
College, the State farmr convict camps
and the reformatory, at the close of
the last fiscal year was 778. We have
received under new sentence 183, re
captured 10; total in prison during the
present year 891.
Discharged by expiration of sen
tence, 191; pardoned, 30; escaped,
11; died, 45 Total loss, 280, leaving
in confinement December31, 1902, 701.
Of the 45 deaths as reported above 22
died on the chain gangs, State farms,
Clemson College or were sent in here
from the county chain gangs in a
hopeless condition, from which they
never recovered. Also we had an epi
demic of pneumonia last January and
February, which caused the death of
The financial condition of the insti
tution at the end of the present year is
We had cash on hand Dec. 31,
Total reciepts for the year
1902, 72,282 19
Total, $84,069 21
Curent expenses for
the year, $62,657 07
ments, 4,300 00
- 66,957 07
Balance December 31, 1902, 6,300 00
Cash in sight available, $23,412 14
We have during the year expended
for permanent improvements $4,300, of
which $1,500 was spent in building a
new gin house, $625 for a 12-horse
power engine, $400 for new electrical
armatures, $200 for a smokestack for
boilers, $375 for a grain thresher; the
balance was expended m the purchase
of mules, mowers, reapers, grain
Had it not been that our corn crop
last year was almost a complete fail
ure, which necessitated^ our buying
most of all the corn used, and also the
fact that all provisions and supplies,
most especially meat, coal and convict
stripes, have cost this year almost
double what they have in previous
years, our cash balance would have
been much larger, and it must be re
membered that we have not nearly so
many prisoners as we had in years pre
vious; therefore our net earnings
could not be as great as heretofore.
Agirculturally we have been very suc
cessful this year. Our crop of corn,
peas, "wlieat, oat, rice, rye, potatoes,
cane and cotton have yielded well and
we will have a sufficiency of every
thing, including molasses, to supply
the farms, Reformatory and Peniten
tiary proper, and will have for sale
about 3,000 bushels of peas, 5,000
bushels of corn and 500 tons of hay.
By rotating crops as we do, sowing
grain and following it with peas broad
cast, the farms are being brought up
to a higher state of cultivation each
year. We have done a great deal of
work on dikes around the bottom lands
on the Reed and DeSaussure farms,
and they are in much better shape
than the have ever been before. They
have been made much stronger and in
many places much higher and wider.
At the Keforrnatory on Lexington
farm we have 33 boys under 16 years
of age, who are kept employed at all
kinds of farm work. They are guided
by a man especially appointed for that
purpose. They are kept entirely to
themselves day and night.
I have inspected most of the camps
in the State where convicts are hired
out to chain gangs, and find that the
prisoners are well cared for and
I be? to call attention to the old
building occupied by the guard force.
It is of wood, very poorly constructed,
old and dangerous on account of fire,
not at all comfortable, and I would
recomme. d that a building of brick
he erected, to be used as guard quar
ters, as soon as possible.
We have furnished this year, as the
law requires, 33 prisoners to Clemson
College, also an average of seven per
day and one guard to the State House:
for these hands we have received no
The report of the clerk, Capt. W. D.
Black, shows a complete statement of
the receipts and disbursements of the
The Bamberg Cotton Mill was sold
at auction on Monday under foreclos
ure proceedings. It was bought for
$50,000 by ten Bamberg men, who
will reorganize the company and en
large the mill.
? Jobey Williams, colored, was killed
in Chester county on Monday night,
his throat being cut and head crushed
with an axe. His wife and a negro
named William Sterling have been ar
rested, although there is no positive
proof of their guilt.
New Century Comfort,
[ Millions are daily finding a world of
comfort in Bncklen's Arnica Salve. It
! kills pain from burn?, scalds, cuts, bruises ;
conquers ulcers and fever sores; cures
eruptions, sale rheum, boils and felons ;
removes corns and warts. Best pile cure
on earth. Only 25c at J. F. W. DeLorme's
st and Pear not?Let all the Ends thou
R. S. O.. WEDNESD,
GENERAL STAFF ARMY
1 BILL PASSES HOUSE.
i Country to be Protected and War
Waged by Bunch of Bureaucrats
Sitting in Washington.
Washington, Jan. 6.?The house to
day passed the bill for the creation of
a general staff for the army by a vote
of 153 to 52. By the terms of the bill
it becomes the duty of the general
staff to prepare plans for the national
defense and for the mobilization of the
army in time of war, to investigate and
report upon all questions affecting the
efficiency of the service and to render
professional aid to the secretary of war
and to general officers and other su
perior commanders. The general staff
corps is to consist of one chief of staff
and twc general officers, all to be de
tailed by the president from officers of
the army at large not below the grade
of brigadier general; four colonels,
six lieutenant colonels and twelve
majors, twenty captains to be detail
ed from officers of the grades of cap
tain or first lieutenant who while so
serving shall have the rank, pay and
allowance of captains mounted. All
officers in the general staff shall be de
tailed therein for periods of four years.
During the debate on the bill Mr..
Kluttz of North Carolina criticised it.
He believed that a general in the field
was better able to command the army
than a board of strategy sitting around
the table in Washington. He said that
the strategy board during the Spanish
war was ridiculed and that it was only
after Dewey had cut the cable that he
had free hand which gave him an op
portunity to win the great victory in
RUSSIAN SUGAR DUTIES.
Opinion Handed Down by U. S.
Washington, Jan. 5.?In an opinion
handed down by Justice Brown today,
the United States supreme court decid
ed in the Downs case that the money
paid by the Russian government in
sugar exported is a bounty and that the
collector of customs at Baltimore was
justified in levying a countervailing
duty on Russian sugar under the terms
of the Dingley law. In delivering the
opinion of the conrt Justice Brown
said it involved only the one question
as to "whether under the laws and
regulations of Russia, a bounty is al
lowed upon the export of sugar which
subjects sugar upon its importation in
to the United States to an additional
It appears that free sugar which may
be sold in Russia at the normal excise
of 1.75-100 rubles per pood may be ex
ported under a permit from the excise
office upon the return of a free sugar
certificate . with the custom house ex
port mark, the excise then crediting
the exported quantity of sugar to the
free surplus of the mill, which is sub
ject to double the tax of 1.75 rubles.
Discussing this certificate Justice
"It is practically admitted in this
case that a bounty equal to the value of
these certificates is paid by the Russian
government, and themain argument of
the petitioner is addressed to the pro
position that this bounty is paid, not
upon exportation, but upon produc
tion. The answer to this is that every
bounty upon exportation must to a
certain extent operate as a bounty upon
production, since nothing can be ex
ported which is not produced and
hence a bounty upon" exportation by
creating a foreign demand stimulates
an increased production to the extent
of such demand. Consequently a boun
ty upon production operates to a cer
tain extent as a bounty exportation."
Blizzard in Dakota.
St. Paul, Min., Jan. (>.?Meager re
ports have readied St. Paul of a terri
fic blizzard which is racing tonight in
South Dakota and moving rapidly east
ward. Sioux Fails, S. D., is almost
entirely cut off from the world, as but
one wire is worknig between that placo
and Sioux City, Iowa, and this used
exclusively by the railroad* for train
The wind rose almost to hurricane
velocity, one report putting its speed
at ninety miles an hour and before it
the snow was driven in sheets making
traffic of any kind almost an impossi
bility. Fuel is very scarce in some sec
tions and the cold wave which natural
ly will follow the blizzard will cause
Only 4,000,000 gallons of the whis
key made in 1S95, 1896 and 1897 re
main in bond, and the whiskey dealers
are alarmed. About 7,000,000 gal
lons of six, seven and eight-year old
whiskey is used annually, and the
dealers say there will not be a gallon
in bond by July 1. Heretofore there
has always been much more than was
consumed, and a famine is a problem
that was never before considered. The
leading dealers say the condition may
result in the whiskey made in 1S95,
1896 and 1897 being cornered, and the
prices doubled. In this event the
blenders, who use most of the six,
seven and eighty-eyar-old whiskey,
will be compelled to use goods made
later.?Louisville Courier Journal.
Unconscious From Croup.
During a sudden and terrible attack of
croup our little girl was unconscious from
strangulation, says A. L. Spafford, post
master, Chester, Mich., and a dose of One
Minute Cough Cure was administered and
repeated often. It reduced the swelling
and inflammation, cut the mucus and
shortly the child was resting easy and
speedily recovered. It cure3 coughs, colds,
lagrippe, and all throat and lung troubles.
One Minute Cough Cure lingers in the
throat and chest and enables the lungs to
contribute pure, health-giving oxygen to
the blood. J S Hughson & Co.
Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's
JANUARY 14, 1?
i SAFER TO BOirWTEl
Lemon Juice Does Not Kill Typhoid
Germs Quick Enough.
New York, Jan. 4.?Dr. W. H.
Park, bacteriologist of the Department
of Health, has made several experi
ments to determine the value of lemon
juice in destroying typhoid bacilli,
regarding which much has been pub
lished recently. Several microscopical
examinations of cultures of typhoid
bacilli which had been subjected to the
action of the lemon juice showed that,
although the acid killed the micro
organisms, it required to much acid
and too much time for the chemical
action to take place to render lemon
juice as an agent practicable
Dr. Parks' negative opinion in re
gard to the efficacy of the acid as a
typhoid prophylactic was corroborated,
for, after the bacilli had been acted
upon by a 5 per cent, solution of the
acid for thirty minutes, it was found
that all of them had not been destroy
Dr. Park when questioned regard
ing the experiments said:
'' My suspicions were confirmed by the
tests. It is far safer to boil the water
or filter it probably than to trust to
lemon juice to destroy any typhoid
bacilli that may be in it. Of course,
the statement that the acid would de
stroy any typhoid germs that might be
contained in oysters by sprinkling it
on the outside is ridiculous."
THE GOAL STRIKE COMMISSION.
Tuesday's Cumulative Testimony
as to Alleged Outrages.
Philadelphia, Pa., January 6.?
Twenty-two men, all but one of whom
were employed in and about the coal
mines, appeared before the anthracite
coal strike commission at its first ses
sion in this city today and recited the
6ft-told tales of persecution they and
others underwent during the late coal
strike, because they chose to work
rather than join the strikers. The
single exception was Charles H. i
Schadt, of Scranton, the sheriff of'
Lackawanna County, and his presence
on the stand under the cross-examina- j
tion of President John Mitchell, of the
Miners' Union, proved to be the
principal feature of the day's proceed
The sheriff said that he issued a
proclamation shortly after the strike
was inaugurated, calling upon all per
sons in the county to keep the peace;
that it was difficult to get men to act
as deputy sheriff; that in most cases
where there was trouble it was usually
over when the sheriff's men arrived;
that he attempted to keep the peace in
all localities and that the disturbance
became so numerous that he had to
call on the Governor for troops. He
bad appealed to Mr. Mitchell, whom
he knew quite well to assist in keep
ing the peace, and the miners' presi
dent promised to do so, and in several
instances was of material help to the
Sheriff Schadt was then turned over
to the miners for cross-examination.
To the surprise of most persons Mr.
Mitchell took up the examination. It
was the first time that Mr. Mitchell
had attempted cross-examination to
When Mr. Mitchell finished Gen.
Wilson asked the witness why the
county did net pay the deputy sheriffs.
The sheriff replied that the companies
had made the request for protection,
and counsel for the witness explained
that it was the law in Pensylvania that
the company asking for protection was
compelled to pay for it. This explan
ation rather surprised Chairman Gray,
who, as he straightened himself up in
his chair, said: "I am not familiar,
with such an Unamerican law. When
the countv or the State relinquishes
the duty of maintaining and protect
ing life and property and keeping the
peace, then they are open to
To Prevent Bursting of Water
During the recent cold weather in
this city many people experienced
great annoyance on account of the
bursting their water pipes. The fol
lowing rules have been given out as a
reasonably sure means for preventing
the bursting of water pipes.
First. When the thermometer falls
below 32 degress, turn off water at cut
off, which is usually located in front
Seond. Immediatey after cutting off
water have every drain valve and faucet
open, and empty all closet tanks.
Third. If weather continues below
freezing put a handful of salt in each
trap and do not turn water in fixture.
If compelled to run water on during
freezing weather, have all faucets, etc.,
open so water will run until it is cut
off in yard.
Chicago, January 6.?Four persons
lost their lives in a fire at the Hotel
Somerset, an eight-story brick struc
ture, at Wabash avenue and 12th
street, early today.
Yes. August Flower stiil has the largest
sale of any medicine in the civilized world.
Your mothers' and grandmothers' never
thought of using anything else for indiges
tion or biliousness. Doctors were scarce,
and they seldom heard of appendicitis,
nervous prostration or heart failure, etc.
They used August Flower to clean out the
system and stop fermentation of undigest
ed food, regulate the action of the liver,
stimulate the nervous and organic action
of the s> stem, and that is all they took
when feeling dull and bad with headaches
and other aches. You only need a few
doses of Green's August Flower, in liquid
form, to make you satisfied there is noth
ing serious the matter with yon. You can
get this reliable remedy at China's drug
drug store. Price 25c and 75c.
THE TB?I SOUTHRON, Established Jane, IS66
New Series?Vol. XXII. No. 24
Fill out this blank, mail or deliver it in person to T. B.
Jenkins, Jr., Sumter, S. C, and your name will be entered as
a competitor in our Big Word Contest, which will close on the
First day of May, 1903, the contest to be decided by the fol
lowing rules : Anybody will be allowed to compete. No re
strictions as to age or sex. The competitor, who shall make
the largest number of words from the single word
I GREYHOUNDS J
fiimm mmm maummm m mum
shall receive as his or her prize our handsomest Drop Cabinet,
Automatic Lift, Ball Bearing, NEW HOME Sewing Ma
chine, which retails at
In case that two or more persons have the same number of
words, the one sending in his or hers first shall receive the
prize. No proper names shall be counted, and anyone using a
letter not in the word, shall have their entry forfeited. You
will be allowed to use the plural of a word already used ; for.
instance, making the word ground, and making again, grounds.
The name of the winner will be published in. all three of the
weekly papers published in Sumter, with all the words given in
full, and the date of delivery. Competitors are advised to
keep a copy of their lists, and remember that the NEW
HOME dewing Machine is without a rival .for beauty, ease of
running, and durability, and is sold in Sumter only by
T. B. JENKINS, JR.
Any other information furnished cheerfully on application.
CUT THIS OFF AT BLACK LINE.
T. B. JENKINS, Jb., Sumter, S. C.
Dear Sir : I wish to have my name filed as a competitor in your word contest
for the handsome, Drop Head NEW HOME Machine, and agree to abide by all rules
governing the contest. ' ;
Age. Name of Machine used in Family .'.
How long in use.
LOCKJAW IS RAGING.
Seven Boys Have Died in Charles
ton Since Christmas.
Seven young boys, five white and
two colored, have died in Charleston
since Christmas of tetanus, or lock
jaw, caused bv powder barns while fir
ing toy pistols, charged with blank
cartridges. Three deaths from this
frightful malady were reported to the
board of health yesterday and more
than one physician in this city is
treating children suffering from lock
jaw in its most virulent form. That
the burns from the ammunition nsed
in charging these toy pistols should
precipitate fin epidemic of tetanus, a
disease which nearly alway terminates
fatally, is too alarming a contingency
to be'dealt with in an indifferent or
dilatory manner. Certainly the most
drastic municipal legislation should
be enacted to control the sale of these
instruments of death in Charleston.?
News l id Courier.
"Mexico City, January 0.?But little
news Etos been received from the
plague-stricken city of Mazatlan, but
the Federal Government is doing
everything in its power to solve the
distress there and exterminate the dis
ease. There is practically no business
doing in Mazatlan. No ships are enter
ing the port, which has no railroad
connection with the rest of the coun
EQUITABLE PAYS ?65,000.
Honors First Wayne Policy. But
Will Contest Two Others.
The Washington Post revives the
discussion of the advisability of
abolishing from the statute books of
the states all laws enacted to aid in
the collection of debts. It believes
that the reform in this direction begun
by the abolition of imprisonment for
debt is progressing at too slow a pace
and that, instead of the states yielding
to the legal profession's hand for uni
formity of collection laws, the states
should uniformly repeal all collection
statutes and their cumbrous, costly
machinery and stand on the broad
principle that credit must rest on the
basis of personal honor.
Pekin, Jan. 4.?Sir Laing Cheng,
minister designated to the United
States, will marry the daughter of the
Chinese minister at Paris, Yue Keng,
before leaving for Washington. Yue
Keng's daughter was educated abroad
and speaks English and French. She
is one of the few Chinese women of
modern education and modern ideas.
Louisvile, Ky., Jan. 7.?The Equit
able Life Assuran e Company paid
865,000 yesterday to the Fidelity Trust
and Safety Vault Company, which is
administering the affairs of the R. C.
Whayne estate. It is the first payment
by that company, the heaviest loser
of all from Mr. "Whayne's death, has
paid. However, another $65,000 will
be paid within a few days, leaving
$130,000 to be contested in court.
Mr. Henry Powell, the local repre
sentative bf ' the company, is at the
home office's in New York in con
ference as to' the future policy regard
ing the outstanding Whayne claims.
Thefirts two";policies taken out,by
the late Mr.'Whayne contained the one
year suicide clause, but the limitation
"had passed, and in conference it has
been conceded all along that the
company would have to settle these
two * $50,000' policies with their added
dividends of- 815,000 each. However,
it is certain that Mr. Powell's pres
ence in New York at the presnet ume
is to decide-on the actual steps to be
taken relative to the two policies which
were secured by Mr. Whanye less than
a year before his death. The one-year
suicide clause had, of curs?, not ex
pired in those two policies and so if
the company can prove self-destruction
the 6120,000" would be saved.
Indianola "Is All Right."
The Secret of Long Life
Consists in keeping all the main organs
of the body m healthy, regular action, and
in quickly destroying deadly disease
germs. Electric Bitters regulate stomach,
liver and kidneys, purify the blood, and
give a splendid appetite. They work won
ders in curing kidney troubles, female
complaints, nervous diseases, constipation,
dyspepsia and malaria. Vigorous health j
and strength always follow their use. Only
50c, guaranteed by J. F. W. DeLorme,
Indianola, Miss. January L? T!:ls
j town has assumed its normal c?ncition."
Mail is being received by indejen-.
dent carriers and evervthing is quiet
WHAT MINNIE COX SAYS.
Columbus, Miss, January 7.?Mrs.
Minnie Cox, who recently resigned as
postmaster, at Indianola. with her
husband and late negro assistant, pass
ed through Columbus today en route
to Birmingham. Mrs. Cox stated that
she expected to he allowed to reopen
the postoffice at Indianola soon, as she
was forced to resign through the acts
of a few people of that place. She
further said that the most prominent
residents of the city had always en
dorsed her for the position and that
they were still her friends. She stated
that these friends are working in her
behalf and an effort will be made to
have the postoffice reopened under her
charge, but with another assistant,
such as the postoffice shall approve.
Heads Should Never Ache.
Never endure this trouble. Use at once
the remedy that stopped it for Mrs. N. A
Webster, of Winnie, Va., she writes : uDr
King's New Life Pills wholly cured me o
sick headaches I had suffered for tw
years/' Cure headache, constipation, b"
iousness. 25c at J. F. W. Ds^onne's