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Citt SSattferait nr?t Sontkon.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1903.
Tbe Svmter Watcfiman was tounded
io 185? and the True Southron in 1866.
The Watchman and Southron now has
the combined circulation and influence
of both of the old papers, and is mani
festly the best advertisicg medium in
The Germans are clearly averse to a
peacesble. settlement with 1 Venezuela
and are forcing war upon that country
just at a time when a settlement was
in sight. If Koosevelt was not 30 busy
tryiag to oaptu? the negro votes in
the. next Republican convention, he
might findtime to -write a Venezuela
message along the line of Cleveland's
massage that- forced England to halt in
fc^r aggressions on Venezuela.
The people of Charleston have the
motalisu^port of the entire .State in
their fight against the appointment of
- Gram as^Ccdlector of tire Port, and it
is to be hoped that the Senate can be
brought to? dee that to confirm this
.foolish appointment of the President
would be unwise, and a needless irrita
tion of-tue people of South Carolina.
Tlie gift of public office as a compen
sation for- political support is is immo
ral and as culpable as the grossest form
of downright bribery, and we cannot
understand bow a man who has made
as many professions of. personal and
official/purity and honesty as has Theo
dore Boeseveit can reconcile the policy
he is pursiung with his professions.
If he and his supporters see fit to buy
votes in tbe Kepulbican Convention,
be the votes negre or white, it is no'
concern of ours, so long as he confines
his operations to the North and uses
money as the purchase price; but when
he enters the South and buys support
by appointing objectionable men to
important .offices it is our concern and
the strongest sort of protest is in
order. We fear, however, that it is
too much to expect of the Senate. that
the Republican majority will antago
nize the President and turn down an
appointment that he has made an*issue
and that has overshadowed matters- of
Teal importance in cabinet meetings
and in the public prints.
Gov. Heyward begins his adminis
tration with the best wishes and loyal
support of a great majortiy of thai citi
zens of South Carolina, and the few
who would actively antagonize his
policies, to the end that he should fail
in his efforts to make good the prom
ises contained in his inaugural address,
are so lacking in influence and weigh I
that their endeavors are sure to be
It seemed to us that the depths of
infamy had been reached when Jim
Tillman assassinated N. G. Gonzales,
but we are unwillingly forced to ad
mit, if our information be correct,
that there are even worse men in
South Carolina than Jim Tillman.
And these are the men who sent tele
grams to Jim Tillman congratulating ,
him, immediately upon hearing the
news of the assassination. They re
joiced in tbe death a man whom they
hated, but feared to meet face to face.
Society ia i n a sad condition when men
who make pretensions to respectability
congratulate a cowardly assassin.
Nothing shows the change in senti
ment in South Carolina since the elec
tion of John L. M. Irby to supplant
Gen. Hampton in the United States
Senate so well as the honors paid
Hampton's memory by the General
Assembly yesterday. A few years ago
the mere suggestion that Wade Hamp
ton was worthy of honor would have
raised a storm of protest. We are
glad to see the day that the General
Assembly of South Carolina is proud
to do honor to Wade Hampton's mem
ory with M. C. Butler as the spokes
Gov. Hey ward informed the Netv
York American Friday that he was
too busy attending to his duties to
prepare an interview giving his views
on the Venezuelan situation. It is
an unusul type of public man that will
06 neglect official duties to obtain yel
ow journalism advertising that will
bring his name prominently before the
Colombia made a fine bargain with
the United States. Ten million in
gold, cash, and a quarter of a million
dollars annually in perpetuity is a big
price for a six mile strip of fever-infest
ed swamp land. This is probably the
biggest deal in real estate ever made
Some people may not now fully
appreciate the value of Gov. Hey
wards suggestion that steps be taken
to preserve the forests of the South,
but all who are living ten years hence
will have reason to know and feel
tbe evils that foilow the indiscrimi
nate and ruthless destruction of the
forests of the State that is now in
progress. If the destroying hand of
the saw mill man is not stayed at once,
and steps taken to repair the ravages
of the pass few years, there will not be
left in the State sufficient timber to
supply the home demand for lumber.
Wood will be too scarce and c <stly to
be used for fuel and the open fire will
be a tradition of the good old days.
The earthquake shock last night
brought unpleasant recollections to
Charleston and vicinity. The great
earthquake of 1886 was preceeded a
few days by a shock similar to that o
The introduction of tobacco culture
in Richland County, along the Atlantic
Coast Line, is another argument for
the establishment of a tobacco market
in Sumter. A warehouse in this
city would be the nearest tobacco
market to the tobacco planters of
Richalnd County and would naturally,
other things being equal, stand the
bset chance of securing their patron
age. Is it too late to build a ware
house and establish a market for this
The great work that N. G. Gonzales
did in his life time to render < lynch
i law odious in South Carolina is the
guarantee of Jim Tillman safety until
he- shall come before the courts for an
The Senate committee has very
properly made an unfavorable report
on Senator Ragsdale's bill to require
the railroads ta provide free transpor
tation for State and county, officials.
It. is a good brll to kill out of hand.
Why should the railroads be forced to
provide transportation for public offi
cials, unless the merchants of the State I
be required to provide them with food I
Anonymous communications will not
be printed in this paper under any
circumstances. Very frequently en
tirely unobjectionble articles of more
or less news value are thrown into the
waste basket for no reason save that
the writer neglected to sign his or her
name. This fate befell a letter from
Magnolia today, and our modest cor
respondent is hereby informed why
her atricle does not appear in print.
ANOTHER RAILROAD SLAUGHTER
Local Train Out of New York
Wrecked by Express.
TWENTY-FOUR PERSONS KILLED.
"Royal Blue Flyer" Crashed Into
Rear of Local Jraih.
The Wreck Took Fire and Many of the
Wounded Were Roasted to Death.
New York, Jan. 27.?One of the
most appalling railroad wrecks that
has occurred in the^ vicinity of New
York for many years, the estimated
loss of life ranging as high as thirty
persons, took place tonight at Grace
land on the Central railway of New
Jersey near Westfield, N. J., when the
Royal Blue Line Express ploughed at
top speed into the rear end of a local
At 1.40 o'clock this morning it was
known that there are twenty-fourdead.
Sixteen charred bodies have now been
taken out. Eight dead were either
recovered before the fire or died after
being taken out of the wreck.
Immediately after the crash three of
the shattered cars of the local train
took fire, rendering impossible the
rescue of many of the wounded, who
were pinned fast in the wreck. Many
bodies are believed to have been con
On board the Flyer all the passengers,
although badly shaken up, escaped un
injured except for trifling bruises.
Local Weather Report.
For 24 hours ending9 a. m., January
Temperature: Maximum, 55; Mini
mum, 44; Mean, 49.1. Precipitation;
0.22 inches. Character of day,
Cloudy, with light rains. Direction
of wind, S. W.
Forecast issued from Washington D.
C, for South Carolina:
Rain Wednesday. Warmer in the
Weather conditions: General and in
places heavy rains prevail over the
Cotton Belt, with thunderstorms in
the lower Mississippi Valley, eastern
Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. In
the Missouri Valley it is snowing. It
is warmer in the lake regions and New
England and colder in the uppjer Mis
souri Valley while nearly stationary
temperatures prevail in all other sec
tions. The highest temperature was
80 at Key West, the lowest 2 at
Bismark, N. D.
U. S. Weather Bureau.
Waterloo, Neb., Jan. 27.?Four men
robbed the Citizens' Bank of Waterloo
early today and escaped with 83,500
in cash, after exchanging shots with
citizens attracted to the scene by%the
Washington, Jan. 27.?Senator Pen
rose today introduced a bill in the
senate authorizing the purchase of the
farm at Appomattox on which the sur
render of Gen. Lee took place.
LEGISLATURE IK DEADLOCK.
G. 4. Woods, of Marion, Leads
for Associate Justice.
UMMER IS ELECTED SENATOR.
Senate Will Pass The Child
LONG DEBATE ON SEED COTTON
TRAFFIC? THE HOUSE KILLS THE
TEACHERS' CERTIFICATE BILL.
Columbia, Jan. 27.?The General As
sembly is in a deadlock over the elec
tion of an associate justice to succeed
Y. J. Pope, recently made chief justice.
Three ballots have been taken; Mr.
C. A. Woods of Marion is leading
with 72 votes, just six short of elec
tion. While this is very close, his
gains on the three ballots have been
but very slight.
On the first ballot the result was:
C. A. Woods of Marion, 63: W. B.
Gruerb of Colleton, 19; Robert Aid rich
of Barnwell, 30; J. L. Tribble of And
erson, 20; J. F. J. Caldwell of Green
wood, 12; J. F. Izlar of Orangeburg, 7.
The Charleston delegation voted as
follows: Von Kolnitz and Carey, for -
Aldrich; Baker, for Izlar; ^Herbert,
for Gruber, and Messrs. Whaley Sink
ler, Seabrook, Lofton and Logan for
On the first ballot there were 154
votes; necessary to a choice, 78. Mr.
Woods needed 14 votes to have a
majority of the whole.
On the second ballot Mr. Woods
gained 5 votes and Senator Aldrich 10.
Mr. Tribble and Mr. Gruber each lost
The same total was recorded at 2.25,
when the House proceeded to a third
The joint assembly receded from
business at 3 o'clock, no election re
sulting. It will meet again tomorrow
at noon and resume balloting for as
4?he Senate and the House today
separately balloted for United States
Senator. A. C. Latimer of Anderson
received the entire vote. The election
was a mere formal balloting.
The House killed Mr. Wade's bill
providing^for office of commissioner of
Mr. Kibler's bill to have all public
school teachers examined periodically
irrespective of college diplomas was
WORK OF THE SENATE.
Columbia,* Jan. 27.?The Senate
held its first session last night and
transacted only routine business.
The Marshall's [child labor and the
compulsory education bills are made
special orders for Wednesday. Those
who have carefuUy polled the vote of v
the Senate assert that the child labor
bill will pass with about six majority.
Its opponents have about decided to
make no special fight in the upper
house The compulsory education bill
will also probably pass.
Nearly the entire time of the Senate
was taken today in defeating the bill
to regulate the traffic in seed cotton
and unpacked lint cotton. The bill is
intended to apply to the whole State
and places the license at S300. No
unpacked lint cotton can be bought
between the 15th of August and the
20th of December without a license.
An effort was made to exempt Hamp
ton and Florence counties, but both
were voted down. The matter was
finally submitted to the judiciary
committee to report whteher or not
amendment to exempt certain counties ,
from the operations of the bill can be
classed as special legislation. The bill
had formerly been referred the com
mittee on agriculture.
Mr. Lofton's bill granting to the
national government the titles of 'the
State to certain lands in Charleston
County for improving the inland
waterways between Charleston harbor
and a point opposite McClellanville .
passed its third reading.
Hon. Asbury Coward Latimer of
Anderson received the unanimous
vote of the Senate for United States
A few minor bills were introduced,
including one to provide for a State
Mr. Moses: To change and designate
certain townships in Sumter County
and to provide for changing the re
Mr. Clifton : To amend the Code in
reference to demurrers.
-??^mam- ? ? ? ??? ? ?
PISGAH NEWS NOTES.
Pisgah, Jan. 27.?Those farmers
who planted oats early last fall feel
that their crops ate safe. Of late
years winter comes after the Christ
mas, but where the oats have good roots
they are safe.
Hands are in demand here. Wild cat
credit has made the negroes feel so
rich that they sec no necessity to
work. Next fall will show tho wis
dom of it all.
.The continued cutting down of the
forests will soon exhaust the supply,
you have no idea how many saw mills
< re at work unless you travel about. The
object seems to be to cut every tree in
the country irrespective of future
wants. A long time is ahead of us,
and old trees cannot be grown at once.
Soon our people will have to buy what
they now have in abundance to last
for generations if taken care of, for
the world is not coming to an end
just yet, but destruction seems to be
the order of the day.
It is amusing to read some of the de
cisions of the Supreme Court, when it
cannot go behind the legislature in
some cases, while in others it can,
and tears the acts all to pieces. Some
of the acts it went behind was the
dispenasry law, the pensions for the
;iold soldiers" and the jury law last
Marriages still continue, Mr. Wil
liam Gaylard and Miss Celia Burgess,
daughter cf Mr. Paul Burgess were
married on the 18th inst., by Rev.
Mr. Kenney at his home.
Those who read the severe arraign
ment of Gov. Tillman last year by
the State, expected sooner or later, he
would call Mr. Gonzales, the editor of
the State to an account. At Gaffney
he said his hands were tied as a pub
lic official and he could not resent an
insult as offered him by one Camp.
So the months went by and the public
looked upon it as a closed political in
cident, or he would not notice it by a
dignified silence: but a few days be
fore his term of office expired, just
from presiding over the Senate, heavily
armed, in violation of the law h6
swore to uphold, and in the presence
of two milk and water witnesses shoots
to kill his political enemy. Shades
of night, whither are we drifting?
Surely this man must have some just
excuse for his act or else his brain is
diseased and he not responsible for
what he did. The South has few
such cases. Dawson, the able editor
of the News and Courier was mur
dered by McDow because Dawson told
him not to interfere with his servant.
Tillman's act is first cousin to the
political murder in secret of Gov.
Goebel of Kentucky by W. S. Taylor,
and his crowd, who is now hiding
behind the republican Gov. of Indi
anna, a fugitive from justice. This
was one of the most diabolical mur
ders, ever done on Kentucky's dark
and bloody soil, and the last man con
nected with it, should be run to his
doom. An editor as a sentinel upon
the watch tower for the public good,
can best serve his cause by leaving out
personalities. There is no doubt but
what Gonzales went too far with
Tillman, and as a result he is in his
grave. He'should have left Tillman's
private life alone. No man wants his
private acts held up to view even if
he is guilty, and will resent it. Mr.
Gonzales may have thought he was
right in his course towards Tillman,
others think not, because he should
have discussed his public and not
his private life. This is a republican
form of government. No man is high
er.than another, and all are sovereign
and independent. An editor that
deals in personalities weakens his
case. Mr. Gonzales was an able man,
and did much for his State. * As an
editor he was on the extreme in a
good many things, and differed widely
from st|me of the best men of the
State, but in the shadow of death, all
these things pass away,- and the writer
of this expresses his profound sorrow
at his death. J. E. DuPre.
Columbia, Jan. 2S.?At the meeting
of the committee or ways and means
of the house last evening both the
bills providing for appropiations for
the South Carolina exhibit at the St.
Louis world's fair were taken up and
considered. The committee decided to
report both unfavorable.
To Mark Confederate Graves.
Washington, Jan. 27.?The house
comittee on military affairs today
offered a favorable report upon the
Foraker bill to appopriate 8200,000 to
mark the graves of Confederate sol
diers and sailors who died in north
Applications are coming in thick and
fast for entries in the great word con
test being conducted by T. B. Jen
kins for a handsome New Home
machine, and applicants are requested
make their lists neatly and plainly,
numbering every word, and avoid mis
takes. There will be considerable
work in awarding the handsome prize,
and it is for the good of all concerned
'that the above advice is given.
For the next thirty daysw e will sell
our very best brand of New Home oil
for five cents per bottle. It will
make your machine run smoothly, stop
your door from crying, stop your gun
from rusting. If you do not feel in
clined to make the investment in the
oil come to see us anyhow, and we
will give you a nice New Home calen
der free. We want to make your'ac
quaintance, whether you are in the
market or not.
T. 15. JENKINS, JR.
Masonic Temple, Sumter.
1 WILL HOLD in the Court House,
Sumter, S. C, on Friday, the 20th
day of February, at 9 a. m., examina- !
tions for teachers' certificates. All :
persons wishing to stand the examina
tion will please be on hand.
B. D. WILSON,
We have just received
our fir?t shipment of the
You know from previ
ous experience what the
character of this stock is.
We buy them direct
from the producers in
Maine, and in getting
your seed from us you are
sure to get the genuine
O DONNELL & CO.
A most desirable early
spring Fabric?most ex
cellent for children's
school dresses, ladies9
waists and suits, men's
shirts, boys9 shirt waists.
Very Special Price:
% Examine this lot of mer
the best value ever offer
J. RYTTENBERG & SONS.
Did vou set in on the 5c Percales ?