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00V. HEYWARQ INAGWMTED.
Oath of Office Administered by
Chief Justice Pope.
Columbia, Jan. 21.?Capt D.
. Clinch Hey ward took the oath of office
as Governor of South Carolina in the
haU of the House of Representatives
at I o'clock today in the presence of a
greai; concourse of people. Every
available space on the floor and in the
galleries Was filled. The oath of office
was administered by Chief Justice Y.
J. Pope after which Gov. Beyward
delivered his inaugural. The address
was quite lengthy but was heard with
the closest attention throughout. It
was largely devoted to a comprehensi ve
review of conditions in the State, was
conservative and liberal and not cal
culated to provoke opposition or hos
He expressed bis heartfelt gratitude
to the people of South Carolina for
the high honor that had been confer
red upon him and for the confidence
that had been thereby expresseed in
He congratulated the State upon the
'present satisfactory status of the race
problem, and expressed the hope that
full and impartial justice would always
be accorded the negro.
The first recommendation made con
templates the preservation of our rap
idly disappearing forests.
The question of the establishment
of an immigration bureau is revived,
-the governor inclining to favor the
project It is urged that the legisla
ture provide for a proper representa
tion of the state's resources at the St.
Louis World fair.
The consideration of new measures
calculated to disturb present gratify
ing conditions is discouraged.
A word is spoken for both higher
and common school education. "A
commonwealth can have no greater
source of pride, no greater glory, and
no surer guarantee of the stability of
its institutions than is afforded by an
educated and enlightened citizen
Attention is directed to the fact that
the colored pupilsjn our schools out
number the whiteC and white parents
are warned of the impending danger of
the constitutional disfranchisement of
their children. "The education of
the children bf South Carolina, their
being taught in a systematic manner,
with school terms long enough to be
beneficial, within neat and comfort
able school houses, deriving instruc
tion from competent and God-fearing
teachers," is urged, together with the
proper support of our "royal galaxy"
of colleges, Clemson, S. C. College,
the Citadel and Winthrop.
A child labor law is advocated, but
nothing too "sudden15 or radical"
should be done, as the manufacturers
and operators should be given time to
adjust themselves to the new condi
tions. Children below a certain age
limit should: be ultimately prohibited
from working in the milk.
Touching the dispensary law the
governor said in part:
"As governor of South Carolina, it
is my solemn duty to see that all of
the laws of our state are always and
everywhere enforced. For many rea
sons it is best to emphasize this
where the dispensary law is concern
ed, The law is now upon our statute
books, and has the endorsement of a
majority of our people, and it is the
duty of all law-abiding citizens |to
give that same obedience to this law
which they 'give to all others. In the
discharge of the duties which may
h ?ie devolve upon me, I shall recog
nize the obligations which are mine,
and, shall expect and depend upon
the public spirit of all law-abiding
people to sustain me, and I feel sure
that they will do so."
The Confederate soldier is eulogised,
and what is more to the point, the
state is urged to "see to it always,
that tenderly and with truest affection
the gray knights * * are given some
return, at leatst, for the service they
gave the state."
"Wise legislation that will enable
our different counties to provide a
practical solution of the good roads
problem," is advocated.
The inoperation of the constitutional
amendment looking to the drainage
and reclaiming of swamp lands, is de
precated, and, the legislature is asked
to take steps to carry it into effect.
The legislature is also called on to see
.that the importation of adulterated
foods is checked.
Biennial sessions are advocated,
and the deficiency in the State
finances, and consequent necessity of
borrowing money, is deplored. It is
suggested that, if retrenchment be
impracticable, some means be found
to increase the state's revenue.
. It concludes as follows: ,
"As brethren with undivided inter
ests, with no discordant note, let us
labor together for whatsoever things
are true, for whatsoever things are
honest, for whatsoever things* are just,
for whatsoever things are of good re
port, for whatsoever things are for the
welfare of South Carolina; if there,
be within our hearts patriotism and
love of country, let us labor for these
things, with this fraternal spirit in
spiring our labors and blessed with
the communion it alone can give; with
Truth, Justice and the Constitution
guiding, uplifting and helping, as fel
low countrymen, bound to each other
by the sacred ties of hearth and
home, we will together journey on
ward and upward to the practical
achievement of the loftiest ideals of a
The crowned heads of every nation,
The rich mea, poor men and miserg,
All join in paying tribute co
De Witt's Little Early Riser?.
H. Williams, Sau Antonio, Tex., writes :
Little Early Riser Pills are the best I ever
used iD my family, I unhesitatingly rec
ommend them to everybody. They cure
constipation, biliousness, sick headache,
torpid liver, jaundice, malaria and all oth
er liver troubles. J S Hughson <fc Co.
Charleston, S. C, Jan. 21.?The
will of the late Geo. W. Williams was
filed for probate here today. No pub
lic benefactions are mentioned in it.
An inventory of the property of the
dead banker is not given, but it is
thought that his estate is worth
$2,000,000. After giving his widow
$?00,000 for her life time he directs
that the rest of his property shall be
divided equally between his two sons
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Gov. McSweeney's Veto, of Bill
Abolishing Office of Phosphate
Columbia, Jan. 21.?The election of
an Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court for the uuexpired term of Mr.
Pope is now the most important mat
ter before the Legislature, judging
from the interest the members are
displaying. There are a number of
candidates and each ' of them has
friends at work.
The first matter to come up in the
House this morning was a concurrent
resolution fixing the election for As
sociate Justice for Thursday.
Gov. McSweeney's veto on the bill
to abolish the office of phosphate in
spector was then taken up. Mr. A.
C. Lyles, of Union, explained the
scope of the bill and how the House
tried to save one thousand dollars lor
the State out of the salary of the phos
phate inspector. The House, decided
to sustain the veto by a vote of 77 to
The special Legislative committee,
consisting of Messrs. O. P. Goodwin,
C. E. Robertson and Center, sub
mitted its report on the penal and
charitable institutions which it in
spected during the recess- The special
committee reported that it found
everything in excellent condition at all
of the State institutions of the kind
and that they were being economically
Several bills were given the second
At 1 o'clock the inaugural ceremo
nies were held and the House then ad
The Senate met at 12 o'clock. The
report of the committee on memorial
exercises in honor of Gen. Hampton
appointing January 23rd as the time
was made and resolutions adopted con
firming the recommendations of the
The Governor sent a message to the
Senate in reference to the salary of
Judge Buchanan, from which it ap
pears that Judge Buchanan had enter
ed upon his duties sixteen days before
the legislative appropriation bill went
into effect reducing salaries of Judges
from $3,500 to $3,000. The matter
went before the Courts and it was de
cided finally that the Judge was en
titled to $3,500 for his first term. As
no appropriation was made in accord
ance with that decision, the matter
is referred to the Legislature in order
that justice may be done Judge Bu
chanan. The matter was referred to
the judiciary committee. The memo
rial of-the Association of State College
Trustees, asking that $1,000 be appro
priated for scholarships in the South
Carolina College, wais read and refer
red to the committee on education.
The resolution for voting for Associ
ate Justice again came up and on mo
tion of Senator Manning the Senate
appointed Tuesday, January 27, at 1
o'clock, as the time. This was final
and no motion made to fix any other
At 1 o'clock the Senate attended the
inauguration of Governor Heyward
in the House.
On returning from the inaugural
ceremonies in the House Lieut. Gov.
Sloan delivered an address, after which
the Senate adjourned.
A Short Session in Both House
Columbia, Jan. 22.? The house of
representatives was in session about
10 minutes yesterday. There were four
bills on the calendar. These were pass
ed in a perfunctory sort of a manner
and as there was nothing else to do
the house adjourned until today at
Another short session of the senate
yesterday lasting only forty minutes
is about the most that can be said of
it, nor will any steady, tangible work
be accomplished until after the memo
rial exercises today in commemoration
of General Wade Hampton, and the
elections next Tuesday are all over.
The friends of the various candidates
are hard at work, and in consequence
a majority of the more important
measures are still tied up in the com
Mr. Marshall's child labor bill has
run the gauntlet of the committee on
commerce and manufactures |pd has
been reported favorably, without
amendments, also the compulsory edu
cation bill, a report on which was
made day before yesterday.
Mr. Stanland's kitoy pistol" bill
came back to the senate with a major
ity report against it, the minority
making a report in its favor.
A special message was received from
Gov. Heyward announcing the resig
nation of Assistant Attorney General
W. H. Townsend as code commissioner.
A concurrent resloution was offered by
Mr. Manning and immediately adopt
ed requesting the house to meet the
senate in joint assembly Tuesday, Jan
uary 27, after the election of an asso
ciate justice, to elect a code commis
sioner to fill the vacancy.
A Married Woman Makes Short
Work of Santo Marzis.
Kittanning. Pa., Jan. 21.?Mrs. Car
mato Litauma, a married woman, who
lives with her husband and children at
Yatesboro, shot and killed last even
ing Santo Marzis, who entered her
home and assaulted her.
Mrs. Litauma is a beautiful woman,
20 years old. Before she came to this
country she met Marzis, who fell in
love with her but she would have
nothing w do with him and came to
this country with her husband. The
couple located at Yatesboro. Marzis
followed and kept up his suit.
The woman still refused his ad
vances until the affair culminated in
a tragedy, Marzis went to ttie woman's
home and assaulted her. She defended
herserf with a revolver, shot Marzis
in the breast and kilied him instant
For Infants and Children.
The Kind Yea Have Always Bought
THE FORMALINE TREATMENT.
I It is Said to Have Succeeded in
The announcement of a specific for
septicaemia, or blood poisoning, which
has excited the obstetricians and led
one well-known physician to declare
it "the most important contribution
of this generation to medical
science," belongs in the classification
created by the journalists of the last
generation of "important if true."
One clinical experiment might very
well be regarded as an accident.
Nature occasionally does very extraor
dinary things and is usually reluctant i
to repeat miracles. A second clinical
experiment made under careful super
vision and critically watched, giving
results identical with those secured
in the first instance is calculated to
challenge attention and excite the
deepest professional interest.
Two cases are now of record which
seem to be about equally important.
The first is described as a typical but
severe case of puerperal sepsis. When
the patient appeared to be in
extremis, with a temperature of 108
and pulse of 160, hovering between
coma and delirium and to all appear
ance beyond human help, about a
pint of formaline, of the strength of
1-5,000, was injected into her circula
tion. Before the injection a test of
the blood showed it swarming with
streptococci. The effect was instantly
beneficial. Two days later a second
blood culture showed that streptococci
were still present, but in lessened
quantity. A second injection of about
a pint and a half of formaline, com
pleted the cure. The temperature
dropped in a few hours to normal and
the pulse to 86. A third culture
showed no streptococci in the blood.
The patient is reported to be now
The second case, while not yet in
the stage of definite recovery, seems
to have been almost as "remarkable.
In this instance the patient was suffer
ing from a well-defined case of blood
poisoning, with a temperature of 105
and a pulse of 148. Two injections of
formaline twenty-four hours apart re
sulted in such marked improvement
that the expectation of recovery is
now definitely entertainad. Every
symptom before treatment warranted
a grave prognosis. Present indica- i
tions are said to be wholly favorable.
What was done in these cases was to
inject into the circulation an anti
septic solution capable of destroying
the bacillus of septicaemia if brought
into contact with it. It seems to
have done its work but the reason
this apparently obvious method of
extermination of malignant bacilli is
not generally practiced is that anti
septics strong enough to destroy such
micro-organism in the patient have
usually been credited with, the capa
city to destroy the patient as well, i
Reasoning from the analogies of ex peri- I
ence it miarht be assumed that formal I
line in sufficient strength to destroy
streptococci in the blood would hard
en the tissues, impair the elasticity
and plasticity of the linings of the
blood vessels and render them incapa
ble of performing their functions i
Analogical reasoning might also lead
us to expect that it would act upon
the fibrin, inducing coagulation and
forming clots which might be as fatal
as the septicaemai in another way.
Just here lies the doubt. The forma
tion of fibrinogen is due to a ferment,
which would naturally be arrested by
the presence of an energetic antisep
tic agent, and the result might be in
creased fluidity of the blood.
With the facts before us it is evident
tbata priori reasoning in therapeutics
is not infallible. Medicine always
was and probably always will be em
pirical, and the experiment from
which so much is hoped has the inter
est which attaches to the fact that it
is one which no physician would prob
ably have ventured until all hope of
saving life by any other method has
been abandoned. A specific for sep
ticaemia will be a boon to humanity
of inestimable value, and Dr. Bar
rcws's reported discovery should be
tested to a conclusion without delay.
If the formaline treatment is the
greatest contribution of this genera
tion to medical science, its discoverer
will have rendered a service to hu
manity of which any man may be
proud. But premature honors might
not be durable.?New York Times.
Serious Conditions Growing Out
of Senatorial Deadlock.
Denver, Col., Jan. 21.?There were
rumors of war and plenty of warlike
preparations at the state House to
night. Early in the evening the story
gained currency that a body of armed
men had hidden somewhere in the
state house, with the purpose of seiz
ing the chamber of the house of repre
sentatives some time during the night,
and holding it in the interest of one
of the senatorial candidates. The
house chamber heretofore has been
guarded by three or four men and
early this morning ladders are said to
have been found in one of the side
corridors, reaching to a window com
municating with the house gallery.
It is also said that half a dozen
unknown men were in the vicinity of
the ladders, who ran when discovered.
This incident gave color to the rumors
of an intended armed attack upon the
chamber tonight. To guard against
such a contingency, Sergeant-at-Arms
Plummer placed 30 armed men, under
charge of Sherman Bell, assistant ser
gent-at-arms, who was a member of
Roosevelt's Rough Riders, in the
chamber with instructions to protect
it at all hazards. Shotguns and large
calibre revolvers are very much in evi
dence, and it is not thought likely
that a capture will be attempted,
even if it were planned.
The Democratic members of the sen
ate are still in session, although most
of them went to sleep upon cots early
in the evening. They are protected
by a score of policemen and deputy
..#4 dvice to the Aged.
Age brings infirmities, such as slug
gish bowels, weak kidneys and blad
der and TORPID LIVER.
have a specific effect on these organs,
stimulating the bowels, causing them
to perform their natural functions as
in youth and
to the kidneys, bladder and LIVER.
They are adapted to old and young.
The High Grade Fertilizers,
The W. C. Macmurphy Co., of Charleston, S. C,
Successors to the Wilcox & Gibbs Guano Co.
No cheap materials used.
No low grade goods made.
We would call your special attention to the WILCOX,
GIBBS & CO.'S STAR BRAND MANIPULATED GUANO,
which has given general satisfaction for 35 years, and has proved
to be the best cotton and corn fertilizer made. Our WILCOX
& GIBBS TOBACCO FERTILIZER'S are second to none on
the market. Insist on your merchants supplying you with our
brands ; it will yay you For sale by
Dec 24?St HARBY & CO., Sumter, S. C.
HAVE YOU EVER THOUGHT OF THIS ?
The Watchman and Southron has made an excel
lent arrangement for its friends. It offers :
? THE TWICE-A-WEEK; NEWS AND COURIER ?
THE WATCHMAN AND SOUTHRON =3?
BOTH FOR $2.00.
It is a wonderful offer !
The T wice-a-Week News and Courier will give you all the
latest cable, telegraph, general and State news
as well as serial stories and general reading.
The Watchman and Southron will give you all your home news.
Take two, for the price of one. Keep yourself and your
family fully posted on what the world is doing.
Think of the two for only two dollars. The Twice-a-Week
News and Courier comes 104 times a year. Do tiie right
th ing?send us your subscriptions at once !
This offer is only for Cash in Advance sub
The I?ind Ton Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over SO years, Las borne the signature of
....in? and has been made under Ms per
?g jC^^mr^ys^z~ , s<>nal supervision since its infancy*
^'CCcc/U/^i Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health or*
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORiA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend*
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
16 Kind You Me Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THE CENTAUR COMPANY, 77 MURRAY STREET. NEW YORK CITY.
Sumter, S. C, Dec. 1,1902.
JITS T JIRRIVEB
Thirty Head Choice
This shipment contains some of the smoothest and nicest
mules ever brought to this market. Come and see them,
whether you wish to buy or not. A look will be worth the
Corn. Oats May. Ship
Stuff, ff tills and C. Seed
Meal, Carolina R. P.
Seed Oats at
HARBY& CCS STABLES.
b?? ? ?? ii mm.r,^ ?????mi ^?ti ummii-, ? wiw ii ?? ?? n i i ? ? ?????????? mihi ? ? ujimil mt?mi.
Also full line of standard grade Wag
ons, both one and two horse,
Buggies, Harness, Carriages.
We also have on hand a full line of building
material, such as Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris,
Hair, Laths, Fire Brick, Terra Cotta Pipe,
Stove Flues, &e.
We want to give you prices when you need
any of above, and we will get your patronage.
HARBY & CO.
DRINK ALE P
Glenn Springs Ginger Ale, made with
Glenn Springs Mineral Water, is the
best on the market.
Because all ingredients used are the purest
Because it is made from Glenn Springs Min
The old reliable, that, in its natural state, has
been alleviating suffering for over one hundred
years is now being made into most delightful
drinks. Try it and we know that you will say,
as all others have said, that it is "the best."
Drinkers of Ginger Ale will be delighted to get this de
lightful and refreshing drink, made with Glenn Springs Min
eral Water. Experts pronounce it the finest on the markets
Try it and you will be convinced. Ask your dealer for it.
THE GLENN SPRINGS CO.
G-LEJNN SPRINGS, S. C