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fflB SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April. IS50.
lBe Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, 1S6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 13, 1903.
New Series-Yo?. XXII. No. 41
T. B. JENKINS, Jr.
No. 12 W. Liberty Street - - Sumter, S. C.
C|e MakjjiMt at? Son?|rm
K Published Srery Wedaesiay,
JV. Gk Osteen,
SUMTER, 8. C.
$1 50 per aa o a cn-in advanced
One Square first insertion.$1 00
Svery subsequent insertion....... 50
Contracts for three months, or longer viii
De made at reduced rates.
AH communications which subserve private
interests will be charged for as ad vertiesen ts.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
DEMOCRATS WIN IN BALTIMORE.
Elect the Mayor and Have a Ma?
jority in the City Council.
Baltimore, Md, May 6.-The ballots
in 304 of the election precincts cast
at yesterday's municipal election in
this city give Robert M. McLane,
democratic candidate for the mayoral?
ty, a plurality over Frank M. W?chter,
Republican, of 520. The ballots in the
remaining four precincts are still up
counted, owing to disputes among the
judges of election. They are now
in possession of the board of election
supervisors, who announced today that
the boxes will not be opened until to?
morrow. It is not thought probable
that the count of these ballots will
materially change the result in favor
Mr. W?chter, the Republican candi?
date, and his party leaders charge that
many ballots cast in his favor have
been illegally thrown out, ano they
announce that they will appeal to the
The republican candidates for city
comptroller and president of the second
branch of the city council were elect?
ed. The Republicans will have a
majority in the second of the city
council and the Democrats a majority
in the first branch. The Democrats
will have a majority on joint ballot,
and thus will be able to elect the city
register, who is virtually the municipal
It was announced tonight that coun?
sel had been engaged by the Repub?
lican leaders to contest the apparent
election of Robert McLane, Demo?
crat, as mayor of Baltimore over Frank
C. W?chter, Republican. The contest
will be in the form on an injunction
to restrain the election supervisors from
issuing a certificate of election to Mr.
McLane on the face of the returns.
Bloodhounds Carry Crime to Door
of Victim's Own Sons.
Eastover, May 6.-Yesterday even?
ing while going toward his home rid?
ing a mule, just after dark, Carolina
Jones, one of the staunchest colored
men of this section, was shot from
ambush near his house, about three
miles south of Eastover. The weapon
used by the would-be asassin was a
shot gun loaded with No. 7 shot, the
load taking effect in Jones back and
face. Dr. Rivers was immediately
telephoned for and reports that Jones
is seriously wounded and that it may
prove fatal. Jones, who has ample
means, at once telephoned Sheriff
Coleman to send bloodhounds to the
scene of the shooting and they arrived
over the Atlantic Coast Line at 6
o'clock this morning in charge of Mr.
The hounds trailed Jones' own sons
to his (Carolina's; house where a gun
was found with one empty chamber
apparently just shot. From all that
can be gathered it seems that three
of his own sons did the shooting.
However, no arrests have yet been
made. It is thought now that Caro?
lina will recover.
Made Young Again.
'*One of Dr. King's New Life Pills each
night for two weeks has put me in my
'teens' again" writes D. H. Turner, of
Dempseytown, Pa. They're the be^t in the
world for Liver, Stomach and Bowels.
Purely vegetable. Never gripe. Only 25c
at J F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
A big lot of new paper nov?is re?
ceived today by H. G. Osteen & Co.
WATER NEEDED IN CHARLESTON.
Million Gallons a Day Must be
Furnished if Work is to Contin?
ue on Navy Yard.
Washington, May 6.-There appears
to be trouble ahead for Charleston
about her navy yard. The navy de?
partment has sent a stiff note to the
Charleston park commission calling
attention to the failure- of the commis?
sion to fulfill its contract with the
government under which it agreed
that 1,000,000 gallons of fresh water
per day would be available at all times
at the yard.
The department insists that immedi?
ate steps must be taken to fulfill this
contract if the city expects the work
on the yard to continue, lt was a
similar lack of water which caused the
removal of the navy yard from Port
Royal to Charleston despite the pro?
tests of many naval officers, and the
department is determined that if a
similar condition of affairs is to ensue
at Charleston to take steps in time to
protect itself against ancther wasteful j
This action was forced upon the de- j
partment by the threats of all the con?
tractors engaged in work at the yard
to bring suit against the government
for the amount involved in bringing
water to the yard. Under their con?
tract with the department the latter
on the strength of its contract with
the park commission agreed to furnish
the contractors with 1,000,000 gallons
of water per day and the bids were
made on this basis. It is claimed
that there is an enormous deficiency
of water at the yard, and according to
the reports of the contractors as well as
the officials of the yard, the wells al?
ready sunk are by no means adequate
to met the demand. About $2,000,000
worth of work has already been con?
tracted for by the government at
Charleston and the department is
somewhat anxious over the condition
there as reported to it in the last few
days. It is not known how soon the
park commission will be able to reme?
dy the matter, but the supposition is
that the question will be immediately
brought before the city council of
Charleston for consideration.
A TRANSVAAL LOHN.
Money For Reconstruction of the
Transvaal and the Orange Free
London, May 6.-In moving in the
House of Commons today a formal re?
solution guaranteeing the Transvaal
loan of $175,000,000 Colonial Secre?
tary Chamberlain delivered a long
optimistic speech on the future of the
new South African colonies. His re?
marks were mostly reiteration of
former statements. Mr. Chamberlain
declined to give thc price or the time
of issue of the new loan, but said the
prospectus would shortly be issued.
He explained that it had been decided
to parchase all the existing railways,
which would absorb $00,000,000 of the
new loan, and $25,000,000 more would
be expended as quickly as possible on
the development of railways; $12,500,
000 would bo spent on settlement and
$10,000,000 on public works. Tim
security for the loan was excellent. It
would be a charge on the common fund
of the two new colonies, the Trans?
vaal and range River colonies, whose
finances would be administered by the
new inter-colonial council, which was
about to be created for thc purpose of
dealing with the constabulary, rail?
way and other matters where the
colonies were jointly interested. This
would be the commencement of the
policy leading to thc federation of
South Africa, which, he believed,
was near<-r than many persons thought.
After some debate the resolution was
A Sure Thing.
It is said that nothing is sure except
death and taxes, but that is not altogether
true. Dr. King's New Discovery for Con?
sumption is a sure cure for all lung and
throat troubles. Thousands can testify to
that. Mrs. C. B. Van Met re of Shepherd
town, W. Va., says "I had a severe case of
Bronchitis and for a year tried everything
I heard of, but got no relief. One bottle
of Dr. King's New Discovery then cured
me absolutely." It's infallible for Croup,
Whooping Cough, Grip, Pneumonia and
Consumption. Try it. It's guaranteed by
J. F. W. DeLorme, Druggist. Trial bottles
free. Regular sizes 50c, $100,
Human Bones Thrown Up in the
Streets-Workmen For the New
Water System Find Many De?
caying Skulls and Coffins.
Rotting fragments of coffins and
pieces bf skulls, bones and decaying
remains of human skeletons were un?
covered yesterday by the laborers en?
gaged in digging trenches in Magazine
and Franklin streets for the pipes of
the new Waterworks plant. The first
grave was discovered near the corner
of Franklin and Magazine streets.
The pick of the colored workman cut
through the top of the coffin and ex?
posed the front of a skull and the bone
of an arm. With a gasp the negro
dropped his pick and did some astonish?
ing footwork, which removed him a
dozen yards from the grewsome re?
mains. The atttention of Mr. Ned
Roach, who is in charge of the gang,
was attracted by the tumult and he
directed the negroes to continue their
digging.. Less than five feet from the
first grave another pile of rotting
bones and pieces of coffin were un?
covered. When the negroes began to
dig in Franklin street nearly every
stroke of the pick disclosed a human
skull, the decaying pieces of couffins and
The trench dug from Magazine street
to Queen street, in Franklin street,
disclosed one continuous line of graves.
Working grimly away the sturdy ne?
groes plied pick and shovel and tossed
into the street the bones of the forgot?
ten ancestors of latter day Charles
tonians. No effort is being made to
preserve the fragments so that they
may be interred; they are thrown to
one side with the rest of the debris,
and will be carted away as old rubbish.
Alas, poor Yorick !
There seems little doubt that the
tenantry of an old graveyard have been
thus rudely disturbed. Whose
bones have lain buried in these
thoroughfares for so long* a time offers
the widest latitude for speculation and
conjecture. The oldest inhabitant has
thrown up the sponge. No one here
about, so far as could be ascertained
yesterday, ever heard of a graveyard
being located in this section cf the
city. From the appearance of the
graves ?nd the condition of the bones
it is believed that the remains of some
of the early settlers of Charleston
have been shovelled into the glare of
the 20th century. .
Tlie foundation of the present City
of Charleston was laid in 1680. Thirty
houses were built in that year and the
records indicate that they were all
erected in the neighborhood where
these graves were found. According
to history this section of the city at
that time was the ''resident part" of
the town, or for that mattter, the only
part of the town that had any resi?
dents. Some of the oldest structures
in Charleston are to be found near
Magazine and Franklin streets, and
two hundred years ago this was the
favored section of the colony. It is
therefore not unlikely that Cuffy and
his pick yesterday ripped open the
narrow sepulchres of some of the
Roundheads and Cavaliers who sought
refuge in Carolina mor? than two
centuries ago that they might enjoy,
liberty of conscience and be free to
worship God according to their lights.
The coffins, of course, had fallen to
decay and crumbled to dust when
touched. Many of the bones, however
were so well* preserved that their
place in the anatomy of man could be
determined. A Reporter for The
News and Courier unearthed a
piece of skull which bore a striking re?
semblance to the cranium of a Puri?
tan. The same high forehead, narrow?
ing near the eyes, which Bonte in his
great book has described as character?
istic of the Puritan type ol' head, dis?
tinguished this skull from others that
were tossed out of the trenches.
Superstitious negroes living in this i
section of the city are much wrought |
up at this unseemly desecration of
what is probably an old Colonial
cemetery. It is safe to predict that
the colored citizens of this community
will not include Magazine and Frank?
lin streets in their future peregrina?
tions after nightfall.
None of the bodies was buried more
than three feet below thc surface of
the soil, nor more than five feet from
thc centre of the throughfare. Not
less than a half hundred graves were
uncovered yesterday, and the decay?
ing pieces of ribs, skulls and other
fragment "of skeletons would, if collect
ad, fill a wheelbarow. All of the coffins
were so nearly a constituent element
of the clay that surrounded them that
DO mark of any sort would have been
visible. Maps of the city drawn one
hundred and fifty years ago have no
survey of a burial ground near Frank?
lin and Magazine streets, and the
available records of two centuries are
void of information. When the.se
bodies were interred and the circum?
stances relating thereto are historic
facts padlocked by time-and the key
is lost.-News and Courier, May 7.
Information for Housewives About
Terms Used by Butchers.
Most housewives do not understand
the terms used by the butcher to de- J
>cribe the various cuts into winch the
carcass of beef is divided. Therefore,
they do not always know what they are
buying. Here is some inofrmation on
the subject :
The whole beef is split into halves,
following the centre of the backbone
3r vertebral column from tail to neck.
Each half contains a hind and a fore?
The forequarter is then cut from the
hindquarter. These are the processes
Df the wholesaler. The "fores" and
'hinds," as they are called, are now
ready for the retailer.
I The forequarter is cut into two parts
-the rack, consisting of set of ribs,
and the chuck, or shoulder proper
ap to and including the eighth rib.
The eighth rib cut shows the blade
gristle only on one side. The ninth
rib is usually called a chuck, roast.
The rack is cut into prime rib,
standing or rolled roasts.
The chuck is a complicated piece of
meat when cut into kitchen pieces by
the butcher. Its anatomy yields the
following pieces for cooking : Oven
and pot roasts, boneless chuck steaks
and chuck roasts, cut free of bone
and metamorphosed into top and lower
Saratoga roasts. The lower cut is the
more tender. It has the eye piece,
which somewhat resembles the eye of
a porter house rolled roast.
The chuck yields still more cuts to
the wizard of the cleaver. These are
the soup and stewing pieces, plate,
navel and brisket pieces for corning,
oven and pot roasts, made by removing
the flesh from the shoulder bones, and
chuck steaks cut from the cross rib.
In the above disguises the word
''chuck" loses all of its plebeian char?
The hindquarter is less complicated,
but its dissection is interesting to the
culinary economist. This part -of the
beef carcass as cut in two; the loin of
the beef and tho round, consisting of
the leg, top and bottom round, rump
Now comes a steak roll call. The
loin of beef is cut by the butcher into
top sirloin steaks and roasts, short
sirloin, round-bone sirloins, flat bone
steaks, hip-bone steaks, boneless sirloin
steaks, porter house steaks and roasts.
Then there are a Ia mode top round
cuts, bottom round cuts for pot roasts
and corned beef. The rump goes into
steaks and corning pieces, flank steaks
and rolled flank pot roasts or corning
If the housekeeper is mystified by
the shop vernacular it is because she
has not learned tho "geography of the
beef cuts," as a Boston culinary
student put it. By not knowing her
alphabet the purchaser is often im?
posed upon and made to pay a higher
price for an artistically arranged piece
of very cheap meat.-New York Sun.
SALE OF ANDERSON BONDS.
Anderson, May -The city council
has sold 840,000 worth of street im?
provement and school bonds to Mc?
Donald, McCoy ct Co, of Chicago, who
were the highest bidders, at a pre?
mium of $900.
The bonds run for thirty years, and
bear ii per cent interest.
A Startling Test.
To pave a life, Dr. T. G. Merritt, of No.
Mehoopany, l'a., made a startling test re?
sulting in a wonderful cure. He writes, ' a
patient w;is attacked with violent hemor?
rhages, caused hy ulceration of the stom?
ach. I had often found Electric Bitters
excellent for acute stomach and liver
troubles so I prescribed them. The patient
gained from the first, and has not had an
attack in 14 months." Electric Bitters are
positively guaranteed for Dyspepsia, Indi?
gestion, Constipation and Kidney troubles.
Try them. Only 50c at J. F. W. DeLorme's.
Our big Spring shipment of the
A line we are proud to represent.
Fire backs guaranteed for wood
15 years-duplex grates.
ROOMY, WELL-VENTILATED OVENS
THE PRESIDENT IN ARIZONA.
Took Twelve-Mile Ride and Talk?
ed of Rough Riders.
Grand Canyon, Ariz., May C.
Arizona welcomed President Roosevelt
here today and the welcome it gave
him was a warm one. A special train
from Flagstaff, brought a large crowd
of people, and they also came in from
the surrounding country on horseback
and in wagons. The president's train
arrived hen- at 0 o'clock this morning
and until it left at G o'clock in the
evening he was constantly on the go.
Horses were in waiting at the station
as the train pulled in and after the
president had greeted a number of
members of his old regiment, he
mounted and took a 12-mile ride.
Then he returned to the hotel, where
he made a brief address to the people
and presented diplomas to the grad?
uates of the MagstarT school.
"It svas from Arizona," said the
president in opening his address,
"that so many gallant men came into
the regiment that I had the honor to
command. Arizona sent men who
won glory on hard fought fields and
men to whom came a glorious and an
honorable death, fighting for the flag
of their country. As long as 1 live it
will be to me an inspiration to have
served with Buck u'Neil." The
president also paid a compliment to
Gov. Brodie, who was a member of
his reigment and who introduced him
to the audience.
The president extended a word ol'
greeting to the Indians, a number of
! whom were in the the crowd.
"Some of them were in my regi?
ment," he said. "They were gocd
enough for me to treat as squarely as
any white man. There are a great
many problems in connection with
them. You have got to save them
from corruption, from brutality and
I regret to say, at times we have to
save them fr?m certain eastern philan?
At the conclusion of his remarks
the president rule out to Miners'
cam]) about *5 miles from here where
he had lunchen. At 0 o'clock his
train left for California.
Savannah, Ga, May C.-During the
day more than f>00 delegates to the
Southern Baptist Convention and thc
Baptist Young People's Union, which
begin their annual sessions in this citv
to-morrow, arrived. By tomorrow
night it is expected that 2,000 de\e
gates, representing fourteen States,
two Territories and the District of
Columbia, will be oil hand.
J. A. (in^Iedixe. of Verbena, Ala., was
twice in the hospital for a severe ease of
piles causing 24 tumors. After doctor.
and all remedies failed, Bueklen'e Arnie;-:
Salve quickly arrested further inflamma?
tion and cured him. It conquer* aches and
kills pain. LVic. at J. F. W. DeLorme,