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fHS SUMTES WATCHMAN, Established April, IS SO.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Airns't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jose, ISO
--Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 20, 1903.
Sew Series-Vol. XXII. So. 42
EW HOME SEWING MACHINE
T. B. JENKINS, Jr.,
No. 12 W. Liberty Street
Sumter, S. C.
??R WS??mm anfr Sanftran.
gsbllshod Erery Wednesday,
IXT. CS-, ?steen,
SUMTER, S. C.
? TERMS : ?
$1 50 per aa a am-io advance.
One Square first insertic............351 00
fvery subs?quent insertion. 50
Contracts for three months, or longer wili
to made at reduced rates.
All comtaamcatioos which subserve private
interests will be charged for as ad versements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
SOUTHERN 6ENERAL ASSEMBLY
WU! Hold fis Session in Lexing?
ton, Va., May 21-30-Outline of
the Business Before lt. -
Lexington, Va, May 12.-The gen?
eral assembly of the Southern Presby?
terian church will hold its 43d annual
session in Lexington, Va., May 21-30.
The opening sermon will be preached
by the retiring moderator, the Rev.
W. T. Hall, professor of systematic
theology in the Columbia seminary.
Included in the business that will
come over from the last assembly will
be the consideration of & new "cat
chism on the church," which has been
preparing for some years. The Pres?
byteries will send np their answers as
to whether the form of government
shall be amended so that a thesis writ?
ten in Latin shall no longer be re?
quired of candidates for license to
preach. There will be reports from
each of the following executive com?
mittees, through which the activities
of the church are carried on ; Home
missions, foreign missions, publica?
tion, ministerial education, colored
evangelization ministerial relief,
church and Christian education?, and
the home and schcol. During the as?
sembly popular meetings will be held
and addresses made by the ablest
men available. Reports will be sub?
mitted from each of the theological
seminaries, union at Richmond, Co?
lumbia, Louisville, Clarksville and
Austin. One of the most interesting
discussions will be over the question
of whether or not overtures shall be
made to the reformed (Dutch) church
in America in regard to union be?
tween the two churches which are
closely akin in governement and doc?
Breaking Up a Trust.
San Francisco, Cal, May 12.-Before
Judge de Haven in the United States
District Court the Federal Salt Com?
pany, of which D. E. Skinner is
president, was convicted today of
maintaining a monopoly contrary to
the Sherman anti trust law.
The Attorney General's office won
a civil snit last fall before Judge Mor?
row against the same company on the
same evidence. The successful termina?
tion of that suit abolished the con?
tracts the Federal Salt Company held.
The Federal Salt Company was
organized in New Jersey in 1900. It
established a business in California
-and qtiickly secured a monopoly of the
product of the coast, raising the
price from $2 and 86 a ton to $30 and
A Sad State of Affairs.
The need for a public cemetery in
Winnsboro becomes more and more
imperative. The few remaining un?
occupied lots in the church yards must
of necessity be reserved for the families
of those who already have relatives
buried therein. That the people of the
town want the cemetery is fully shown
by the long petition that was present- '
e? to the town council. If they will
only grant the prayers, of the people as
expressed in the petition, they will1
fill a long felt and much needed want.
Walhalla, May 12.-Yesterday morn?
ing about 15 of the employes in the
card room of the Walhalla cotton mill
walked out on a strike. They demand?
ed higher wages to begin on yesterday,
which was payday. Their demands
not being complied with most of the
strikers left today for Anderson, where
they hope to secure work.
PENNSYLVANIA PRESS MUZZLED.
Gov. Pennypacker, of Pennsyl?
vania, Approves the Grady-Sa
lus Libel Bili and Gives His
Harrisburg, Pa., May 12.-Gov.
Pennypacker approved the Grady
Salus libel bill today and at the same
time issued a long statement giving
the reasons for his action. The bill
which was in the governor's hands for
more than a month goes into effect im?
mediately and repeals all laws or parts
of laws inconsistent with the newt act.
The governor claims in his statement
that there is nothing in the terms of
the measure which prevents any news?
paper from making such comments
upon legislative measures or upon the
official acts of State, municipal, coun?
ty or pubilc officers as are proper in?
formation of the public or are in the
line of legitimate public discussion.
WANT OBUM TO RESIGN.
Said to be President's Desire
That He Quit Office.
Washington, May IL-The action of
the comptroller of the Treasury De?
partment in holding up the accounts of
Collector Crum, of Charleston, thus
depriving him of the fees of his office,
has caused much interest in Southern
circles, and it is thought it will likely
have an important effect upon the
length of the term of Crum's hold
upon the office. There seems to be no
appeal from the decision of the comp?
troller of the treasury in the matter
of the paying out of public monies,
except an appeal to Congress. The
comptroller's decisions in matters of
this character are absolutely final, so
far as the Treasury Department is
concerned, and no money can be paid
to Crum, or any one else in the face of
an adverse decision- from this official.
The only way Crum can collect his
fees is by Congress at the next session
making an appropriation for his relief,
and it would seem that it would be
almost next to an impossibility to get
such a relief measure through. At
the Treasury Department, upon in?
quiry, it was stated at the comptroller's
office that there is ample ground for
this decision in Crum's case. The
impression is strong around the trea?
sury that Crum will not take the risk
of getting his money from Congress,
but will tender his resignation, and
quit the office.
it is stated in Charleston circles that
if Crum resigns his office as a result
of the adverse decision of the comp?
troller, that a white man will be ap?
pointed collector. It is said in some
quarters that it is really the desire of
the President to have Crum resign.
Murderess Sent to Penitentiary.
Roanoke, Va, May 12.-Mrs. Maud
Ballard, who shot and killed Miss
Chambers in Logan county, W. Va.,
last February, has been tried for the
crime in the county court of Logan
and sentenced to six years in the
penitentiary. It was alleged the Bal?
lard woman's husband had been in?
timate with the Chambers girl and
while mad with jealousy, Mrs. Bal?
lard went to the house where Miss
Chambers lived and calling her out,
marched her at tfie point of a Winch?
ester rifle to the head of a stream,
where she blew her brains out while
she was on her knees praying for mercy.
According to his own admission, the
Sheriff of Breathitt county, who was
in sight of Mrrcum when shot down,
did not lift a finger to apprehend the
assassin, being afraid, as he confess?
es, to venture on the streets in the pur?
suit oi his duty. The County Judge
also saw Marcum as he was shot, and
acquiesced in the inaction of the
Sheriff, who was in the Judge's pres?
ence at the time, the two trusting to
a farcical search of the courthouse for
the murderer or murderers by tin;
deputies of the valorous Sheriff. And
yet ii is to such local machinery as this
that we must look for the vindication
ot tho law in Breathitt !-Courier
Admiral Beardlce has two Japanese
servants at Beaufort wiio are caring
for a million silk worms, recently
brought from Japan for the purpose of
testing the utility of the silk industry
in and around Beaufort.
TBE CORNER IN MAY COTTON.
SHORTS FRIGHTENED, BUT THE
PRICE HAMMERED DOWN 20
New York, May 12.-The shorts in
cotton made another mad rush to cover
this morning, but the demand was
met by enormous selling by the clique,
for the two-fold purpose of realiz?
ing and at the same time preventing a
bear panic. On the other hand, cables
were disappointing, receipts were
full, the weather bureau crop accounts
glowing. But these factors were set
aside for the time being, in view of
the more immediate necessities of the
speculative shorts. July and August
were the active months, but it was ap?
parent that short interest still lingered
in May which remained steady at ll. 18
"While trading was not as large in the
aggregate as yesterday's total of 800,
000 bales, the volume of business was
still very heavy and prices fluetutated
rapidly, " covering a range of 10 to 15
points. At the close selling brokers
had hammered the price down 20
HEW RIFLED WONDER.
Design of American Officers Will
Washington, May H.-The Army
Ordinance Department, of which Gen.
William Crozier is the chief, has re?
commended to Secretary of War Root
that the socalled new Springfield
magazine rifle designed by United
States army officers, be adopted for
use in the army in lieu of the Krag
Jorgensen rifle now used.
Several months ago Secretary Root
appointed a board of officers, consist?
ing of some of the best small-arms ex?
pels in the army, to test the new rifle
designed under the direction of Gen.
Crozier. Each officer on the board
made separate tests and submitted a
separate report to Gen. Crozier. All
of these reports have now been re?
ceived, and, without exception are
favorable to the adoption of the new
rifle. The members of the board say
that the rifle is the most wonderful
weapon of its kind ever designed.
The weapon has a barrel only 24 in?
ches long, being four inches shorter
than tlie Krag-jorgensen and two in?
dies longer than the Krag-Jorgensen
carbine. It is proposed that the piece
will be of a uniform size for all arms
of the service, the cavalry using the
same gun as the infantry. Although
the barrel has been shortened four in?
ches, the officers' reports show it is
more accurate, more powerful, with a
higher initial velocity and flatter tra?
jectory. The new gun is, besides, a
pound lighter than the Krag rifle.
Ajnew feature is the complete incase
ment of the barrel in wood to prevent
burning the hands of the soldier when
the gun is rapidly discharged.
The new rifle is said to combine all
the best features of the Krag-Jor
gensen, the Mauser and other military
rifles used abroad. It has not been
patented, but if adopted will save the
government a large amount of money
now paid the Krag-Jorgensen concern
- ? ??--~-^^
Prof. Curie has announced ' to the
French Academy of Sciences that radi?
um possesses the extraordinary prop?
erty of continuously emitting heat
without combustion, without chemical
change of any kind, and without any
change in its molecular structure.
Radium, he states, maintains its own
temperature at a point 1.5 degrees
centigrade above the surrounding at?
mosphere. The quantity ' of heat
evolved is such that a pure radium salt
will melt more than its own weight of
ice every hour, and half a pound of a
salt radium will evolve in one hour
heat equal to thar generated by burn?
ing one-third of a cubic foot of hydro?
gen gas. Despite this constant activity,
the salt apparently remains just as
potent as it was at the beginning.
Some of the Missouri papers are not
backward in saying what they think
about people. Thc Centralia Courier
has just rap]?ed a successful candidate
over the head in the following item
in praise of the defeated man : "Prof.
Green of Sturgeon is a clean, able
master of the science of pedagogics.
He would have made a splendid
school commissioner. But, alas, he
is a man who bathes and wears store
clothes and holds himself up * like a
man. Hard to elect any one who takes
his baths regularly."
OMAHO BUSINESS MEN ENJOINED.
Labor Unions Secure Order of
Court Forbidding Boycot of Un?
ion Labor or Interference
Omaha, Neb., May 12.- Judge Dick?
inson, in the district conrt tonight,
on the . application of John 0. Yeiser,
an attorney representing the labor
anion whose members are on strike,
issued an injunction against the busi?
ness men and proprietors, even more
sweeping than that issued by th*
federal court against the unions last
week. The order restrains the busi
nes men from refusing to sell goods to
dealers who employ union labor, pre?
vents them from boycotting union
labor, requires the business men's as?
sociation to cease holding meetings or
conspiring against the unions, or inj
any way interfering with the unions in
the management of their affairs. The
order of the court restrains the busi?
ness men's association and other
named defendants as follows :
1. From in any manner threatening
to iniare the business or person of
any employer of members of cross
complainant's union or member of
labor union, or any person who may
employ or desire to employ such union
men, or from refusing to sell com?
modities and supplies of merchandise
to employers of such union labor,
and from discriminating against such
persons in the prices charged for any
2. From threatening or intimidating
in any manner any person into joining
the said business men's association,
or any organizations to join labor
3. From threatening or intimidat?
ing any person who may have become
a member of said association, if the
employer or organized laborer re?
cognizes labor unions, into discontinu?
ing such employment.
4. From imposing any fines upon its
members, or any person, for violating
any agreement not to employ organized
labor or not to recognize a labor union, i
5. From receiving or paying out any
money whatever in pursuance of any
attempt to break up labor unions, ex?
cept attorneys in this action.
6. From paying or offering any
money to officers or members of
unions, directly or indirectly, as a
bribe to do or not to do any act in
pursuance of any agreement of said
defendants,against such unions.
7. From importing or engaging
agents or servants to import any labor?
ers into the city of Omaha or State of
Nebraska in pursuance of any existing
plan to destroy labor organizations or
under any similar or new arrange?
ment or plan.
8. From bringing any other injunc?
tion suits or actions, in pursuance of
any general plan of prosecutions to
break up labor unions or of any new or
similar plans'connected directly or in?
directly with any existing plans.
The Charleston library is making a
special effort to improve its collection
of local publications and literary pro?
ductions and appeals to all who have
such to communicate with the library.
It is desired that writings of South
Carolinians and publications in the
State of whatever character be gather-1
ed and added to the already valuable
collection of the library. This is an !
undertaking which should appeal to ail
South Carolinians' local pride and
should move a large response to the
library's appeal. There is much rich
historic lore in the occasional publica- ?
tions made in this State, as well as in
the periodical prints and there are
many issues of both sorts scattered
about in private libraries and collei- j
tions that might well be put into
possession of the Charleston Library
Society. Not only is old material de?
sired, but contemporary writings and
publications as well, that literary and
publication effort in the State may be
fully represented in all phrase and
periods in the collection.-Charleston
Congressman Tawney, of Minnesota,
is the son of one blacksmith, grandson
of another and learned the same trade
himself in Mount Pleasant Township,
near Gettysburg, where he was born
in 18."). At the age of 22 he went by
boat to Winona, his present home,
where he landed with just 25 cents in
his pocket. Two hours later he was at
work as blacksmith and machinist.
He remained in the same shop four
years, meantime studying law. He
practiced for some time after being
admitted to the Bar and was then
elected to Congress, where he has been
for nearly twelve years.
Our big Spring shipment of the
A line we are proud to represent
Fire backs guaranteed for wood
15 years-duplex grates.
ROOMY. WELL-VENTILATED OVENS
PANAMA CANAL NEWS.
Washington Confident That the
Treaty Will be Confirmed.
Washington, May 12.-Dr. Thomas
Herran, Colombian charge d' affaires,
said today that he had not been advised
? by his Government that President
Marroquin had resigned, as reported
in dispatches from Panama. If it
shall appear shortly that the Colom?
bian Government is unwilling to con?
summate the treaty, or is disposed to
defer final action beyond the "reason?
able time" mentioned in the Spooner
Act, the State department will at
once endeavor to reopen negotiations
with Nicaragua and Costa Rica, with
a view to securing control of the
alternate route for a canal through
those countries. In fact Secretary Hay
has already within the week talked
with Senor Corea, the Nicaraguan
minister, and Senor Calvo, the
minister from Costa Rica. It is said
by parties to the negotiations that if
they are resumed it will be upon the
distinct understanding that the United
States Government definitely abandons
the Panama route. So much ill feeling
was excited in Nicaragua and Costa
Rica by thc dropping of the Nicaragua
route after the protocols had been
drawn, looking to its acquisition, that
the resident ministers of the two
countries here are very loath to take
up the subject again without an ex?
press agreement that they are not to be
used to club the Colombian Govern?
ment into terms. The officials here,
however, feel very confident that it
will not be necessary t) resort again
to the Nicaraguan route, for they be?
lieve that the present difiiculties in the
Panama negotiations are solely attri?
butable to efforts on the pari of the
Colombians to make the most of the
opportunity to induce the Panama
Canal Company to divide with it some
part of the ?40,000,000 to be received
by the company from the United
Washington, May 12.-The depart?
ment of state has just received trorn
the United States legation at Habana
a report which points out the trade
opportunities in the Cuban market in
manufacturing cotton. The report says:
Cuba has no advantage in its close
proximity to the manufacturing ces-'
ters of t\ie southern States, as the
freight is lower on goods exported
from Europe than those exported front
either New York, Mobile and New.
Orleans. As a general rule deliveries^
can be made quicker from the United
States than from Europe, but during
the past year it has been almost im?
possible to gets goods with any
promptness from the ?nited States,
and this has caused a loss to our
Spartanburg, May 12.- The $50,OOO
street_ improvement bonds issued by
fae city council have been sold by
Mayor Calvert to Seasongood & Glenn",
for $01,175. These bonds bear 4?4 per
sent interest, payable semi-annually.