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[ILLS IO SHUT DOW
SOUTHERN COTTON SPINNERS'
ASSOCIATION RECOMMEND 4
DAYS' RUN A WEEK.
Charlotte, N. C., May 15.-The
. Southern Cotton Spinners today de?
cided to change the name, to the
.American Manufacturers' association.
The following officers were elected :
W. C. Heath, Monroe, N. C., pres?
ident ; Thomas M. Swiit, Elberton,
^G-a., vice president, and Clarence B.
Bryant, Charlotte, secretary and
The. following report of a special
-ioommittee was unanimously adopted :
"The cotton manufacturing world
using American short staple cotton is
lacing conditions that are likely to
continue so long as present artificial
influences dominate the market for
-the raw material, and these conditions
are so serious that action by the
Southern Cotton Spinners' association
is deemed imperative and your com- j
Tnittee, to whom this subject has been
' iaferred, would recommend that the j
whole influence of ? the association
"be used to first, bring about the en?
tire cessation of night work ; second,
operation cf mills not over four days
^perweek; third, these recommenda?
tions to take effect not later than June
1st to 15th, 1903.
"Your committee are of opinion
that by a proper effort the cooperation
of the majori ty of the mills in the
southern States can be secured, and
believe that appeals should be also
jsent out to banks as well as commis?
sion houses to use their influence in
the same direction. If favorable ac?
tion is taken by the convention your
committee recommend that the Amer
n consul at Manchester be cabled
to communicate these actions to
Xtiverpoo? and Manchester exchanges. "
Two notable addresses were deliver
c sd today, on* by H. J. Webber of
the plant breeding laboratory of the
United States department of agricul?
ture, and one by E. " W. Thomas
-bonner president of the New England
Cotton Manufacturers' association.
Mr. Webber spoke at some length on
hybrids, and as a result of his con
delusions said :
* While the experimer.ts thus far
ve not been altogether satisfactory,
in general, the idications are
t we may expect to be able to
w a perfectly satisfactory
"net of Egyptian cotton, and can
Iso expect that the growing of long
pie upland cottons will become
more extensive and general in
Mr. Thomas spoke upon "the ad
?santage-of diversifying manufactures
ia the south." He said he did not
lejard it as in any way incredible
ihiat in the future, with raw material
at its very dears, the south may be
^Ssstiued to be the great m an nf a turing
'Centre cf the world.
He concluded as follows :
"To make this section the great
jnftnnfacturing centre of the world,
fiaere are many things that should se?
care our attention :
*4Our prompt? persistent and ener
jsetic efforts to open np new avenues
JEor foreign trade with other countries.
*'Establishment of centres in foreign
^countries where samples of products
-of this country may be exhibited.
" Having our consulate service par:
?take more of a commercial nature.
"There is also much for tis to do in
Rake sanitary, educational and religious
Hptteasures, which must be given czr
workpeople, and it is a pleasure for
-rv.3n? io testify as to the willingness of
the northern employer generally to
furnish all these advantages. "
I Tte T??pdy of Russia.
laster reports sustain the early ac?
counts of the massacre of Jews afc
Xisbic.eff, in southern Kassia, and
ike affair will b? recorded as one of
th? blackest incidents in history,
ife? New York Sun well says: "The
blackest chapter in the history of
"Christianity is the cruelty of so-called
Christians to the race of Jesus Christ
"The worst medieval persecutions are
equalled or exceeded by this
lushineff massacre. Murder and
^mutilatin, robbery, outrage, exile;
these are the penalties of the
crime of being a Jew in southern
Bussia." The persecution of the race
from which the Christ came is one of
?he anomalies of history, whether pats
or present. It has been done--in all
?absequent ages and in all countries
"by the professed followers of Him who
taught that vengeance is the Lord's.
This latest outburst of cruelty
^against the Jews lias occurred in the
realms of that ruler who has sought
t? establish a permanent peace among
-the Christian nations of the world.
Ko other two things could be as wide
apart as the professions upon which
the czar called the peace conference at
The Hague and the atrocities in his
own country. Personally the emperor
of -Russia, perhaps, should not be held
responsible for the contradiction be?
tween the fanatical deeds of his
ignorant subjects and his own philan?
thropic desires, yet the divergence
does demonstrate how far from being
truly Christianized the world is to?
Russia is rich and powerful, a potent
factor in the politics of the world,
abie to influence nations and to deter?
mine national destinies, and yet these
barbarous perescutions occur in
Russia's domains and the people of this
distant republic are being asked to
succor the suffering and the helpless in
KisbineffI Would that the czar might
convert his own people ! Bound down
with traditions and customs, guarded
and gagged by an unyielding hureau- j
cracy, himself physically and mentally
weak though of good impulses, he is
And so Russia stands ont today a
tragedy in the book of nations. A
ruler wise, good and strong at once is
what she needs to lead her on to a
-Il? m m CBi i
Austtin, Texas, May 15.-Gover?
nor ' Lanham today published his veto
of various items in the general appro?
priation bill, cutting out ?592,96!.
Among other iteras vetoed was one to
preserve the battle ground of San
Jacinto, where the Texas army won
the Republic by capturing Santa Ana.
A Missouri court has decided that
a pastor can not recover arrears of sal?
ary from his congregation by suit, but,
must depend on the good consciences ;
cf thr members of his flock. !
! F?T?L FIRE IH NORTH C?ROLIH?.
Asheville, N. C.. May 15.-lc a fire
of mysterious origin, which broke
out last night in a large house at
Waynesvville, N. C., owned by State
Attorney General Gillmer and occupied
by C. J. Galbeath, who runs a board?
ing house, F. W. Payne, a telegraph
operator, formerly connected with the
Postal Company at Richmond, and a
negro woman and her daughter, ser?
vants of the house, were burned to
death. Someone passing the house at
midnight discovered the fire and gave
the alarm. Galbeath and four others
were aroused and struggled through
suffocating smoke to a place of safety.
Efforts were made to save the three
people still in the blazing building,
but the heat drove the rescuers back,
and the attempts had to be abandoned.
It is believed that the three victims of
the fire were overcome by smoke. It
was several hours before their partial?
ly consumed bodies were recovered.
A Plea for the Children.
During the late session of the Nat?
ional Conference of Charities and
Corrections in Atlanta, one of the
speakers from Georgia made an ad?
dress on "Child Labor," in the course
of which he said :
"We are suffering in Georgia more
from idleness than we are from ignor?
ance. We want a gospel of work rather
than the substitution or promise of
anything else as the means of improve?
ment or advancement. Our children
should all be educated at public ex?
pense up to the point contemplated by
our State Constitution. If they need
anything beyond this they should be
encouraged to procure it by their own
efforts. In this first struggle they
will learn self-reliance, the first
principle in every successful career. If
on the contrary they are taught reliance
upon pubilc or private charity, and the
substitution of State guardiansip for
that of the family, except in compara?
tively few cases, they will not only
fail, but if over educated, while the
necessary grounding in principle at
the fireside is neglected, as a rule,
they will fall out with the established
order of things evolved from the
Here is a point which the people of
these United States must carefully and
zealously guard. The Times-Dispatch
is in favor of the public school system,
and it has done what it could to pro?
mote the case of public education, but
we have never neglected to point out
the danger in a system which educates
the children* of the Commonwealth at
the public expense. The public school
system is socialistic, and all forms of
socialism in any republican govern?
ment are dangerus. We do not regard
the public school system as the system
of general education. It would be far
better if the children could be in?
structed in private schools. But as
that is impracticable, as many parents
are not able to pay tuition, and as
public ignorance is public danger, it
is necessary for the government to
come to the rescue and educate the
children of the rising generation at
the public expense. It is the best
that can be done.
But care should be taken, as pointed
out by this sensible Georgia speaker,
to save the children from dependence
upon the State government. Self
reliance is the great lesson of life, and
it is the lesson of paramount im?
portance to be taught the children of
the United States. If our children are
taught in the public school to look to
the government for support, if they
are taught to despise parental authori?
ty, if they are brought up ss mere
wards of the nation or of the State, it
will not be long before we shall have
a nation of serfs; with autocrats to rule
over them, and the last vestige of
lean Demcracy will have disap?
God gave tho children of the State
from vassalage! Better a nation of
ignorant Democrats with the indepen?
dence and manhood for which we as a
people are proverbial, than a nation
of educated pulings and dependents.
Capt. S. 0. Bradwell Oead.
Atlanta, Ga, May 15.-Information
was received here today of the death of
Capt. S. D. Bradwell, who was for four
years State school commissioner of
Georgia, and for nearly five years
president of the State Normal School,
at Athens. Capt. Bradwell died at
Sharpes, Fla. He was 63 years of age.
White Caps Granted Bail.
Wihon, N. C., May 16.-Bail was
today granted to five of the men in?
dicted for the murder of T. Percy
Jones, the Arkansas insurance man
killed here in his room by a mob
Thursday morning. Themen to whom
bail has been granted in the sum of
$1,200 each, are: S. J. Walls, W. P.
Croom, Lawrence Morgan, John Pitt?
man, T. J. Bass.
A special term of court to try the
case will be asked for by the bar.
In connection with the murder the
board of aldermen of Wilson today dis?
charged Policeman Snakenburg for
gross neglect of duty, suspended
Frank Pleiten for ten days and de?
prived cf his official functions Peter
Nicholas, depot watchman.
The citizens insist on a thorough
investigation. There was no attempt
last night to reieaso the prisoners,
as the military was on dary.
Surcrcsrion's Kew Bank.
The Hon. J. Adger Smyth, Col. C.
S. Gadsden and Mrs. Henry P. Wil?
liams, of Charleston, aro at Summer?
ton, Clarendon County, S. C.. toady
for the purpose of assiting in the
organization ot' the Bank of Summer?
ton, in the management of which, it is
understood Mr. Richard B. Smyth,
late of this city and now of Summer?
ton, will be actively interested.
Summerton is a live, growing town
of about 1,200 population, with two
railroads, itnd a prosperous futur.- is
predicted fox* the enterprise to _ bo
launched, its first banking institution.
A commission has hero, issued for
the bank and it is esperited it will en?
ter the lists of finance with an
authorized capital of ?25.000 and t rans?
act a general banking business.-News
& Courier, 19t??.
Just received a large lot of crepe pa?
per 10c. per roll. K. G. Osteen &
SEN. MILES SPEAKS OUT ABM
"Idle to Assume That Campaign?
ing Has Conditions That War?
rant Resort to Mediaeval
New York, May 15.-The Army and
Navy Journal will print tomorrow a
letter from Gen. Nelson A. Miles, in
which the -writer says that he went to
the Philippine Islands not as a tourist,
buir in an official capacity and that
the instructions addressed to him as
lieutenant general "commanding the
army," came from the highest
authority, namely, the President, in
which he was directed to give especial
attention to the instruction, discipline
and supplies of the anny."
In referring to his officiai report on
the Philippines Gen. Miles says that
"no one can have a more sacred re?
gard for the honor of the anny than
Coming to the subject of cruelties
in the Philippines Gen. Miles's letter
reads as follows :
"It is idle to assume that campaign?
ing in the Philippines has conditions
that warrant resort to mediaeval
cruelty and a departure from the honor?
able method of conducting warfare,
and that such departures as have exist?
ed should be overlooked and condoned.
"It is most gratifying that the
serious offences have not been com?
mitted by the soldiers unless they were
under the directions of certain offi?
cers, who were responsible. Soldiers
have withheld fire when ordered to
shoot prisoners, protested against acts
of cruelty and written to relatives at
home urging them to take action to
put a stop to these crimes. It will
ever be one of the glories of the array
that such deeds committed by what?
ever authority are abhorrent to the
American soldier. The officers .who
are responsible, sing chiefly cruel
Maccabebes, do not by any means
constitute the American army, and
there must be a very unmistakable
line drawn between the great body of
honorable and faithful officers and
brave soldiers, whose records have
been commendable, and those, of
whatever station, whose acts have re
cieved and should receive the earnest
condemnation of all honorable men."
THE SMALL POX SITUATION.
Dr. P. B. Bacot has recently re?
turned from the Piedmont section,
where he has been in charge of the
small pox situation. He says that
the plague has been put under control,
but that so little attention is being
paid to it by local authorities that it is
likely to break out again at any time.
He has been in the section around
Clemson College, which threatened to
develop an epidemic, but that danger
has been averted.
The disease has not been confined to
negroes by any means nor to the
factory peple. It has been very gen?
eral on the farms. In some sections it
has been very serious, notably in the
sea island country, where the death
reo rds have been over twenty per
cent in some localities.
Dr. Bacot thinks that the prudent
people have mostly been vacinated and
that they are resting quietly in ?sense
of their own security and letting the
less prudent take their chances. It is
now almost impossible to enforce vac?
There are still a number of cases
through many sections cf the state, but
if they were properly cared for by the
local authorities the disease might be
stamped out, but there is little hope
of their doing their duty fully in the
The hurtsville Cotton Mil! to
Double its Stock.
It will be interesting to the Charles?
ton stockholders in the Hartsville Cot?
ton Mill to learn that the capacity of
that factory is to be doubled. The
stockholders met at Hartsville, May
14, to consider a proposition to in?
crease their capital stock from $250,
OOO to $500,000, and acted favorably
upon it. The present mill has 12,000
spindles and 300 looms, making fine
print cloth, lt has been in operation
less than six months and is already
earning money. When extended and
enlarged the mill will have installed
35,000 spindles and the complement of
looms and other machinery. Mr. C. C.
Twitty is president and treasorer of
the company. Mr. John W. Ferguson,
of Laurens, is secretary, and Mr.
John M. Moore, cf Spartanburg, is
Work on the extension of the mill
will begin at once and will be pushed
to completion. It is expected that it
will be done by the beginning of the
new year.-News and Courier.
Senator Tillman Pitchforks Cleve?
Washington, May 18.-Senator Till?
man paid a flying visit to Washington
today, leaving for the south tonight.
Be found time to attend to a number
of departmental matters and to give
an interview excoriating ex-President
Grover Cleveland, whose mention in
connection with the Democratic nomi?
nation for president he declared to be
"an insult to the party."
" What sort of curs do they take us
for," be said, "to ask ns to vote for
such a man ss Cleveland? Yon can't
change Democrats that way. You might
as well talk about nominating a Re i
publican as the head ol' the Democratic
ticket. There has been some inclina?
tion in South Carolina to look upon
Judge Parker as an available man, a
man who will prove acceptable to
different factions in the party."
Speaking of local matters, Senator
Tillman declared Gov. Beyward was
making the "blind tigers" squeal by j
putting on the thumb screws a little j
tighter in enforcing the dispensary ?
nient to ask Acting Secretary Darling j
to as:-i'*n a commandant exclusivciv i
of having tha-t officer i-!;flre his time :
' * * *en th 're ai i Po**t Ivval Char- i
iestcnians, it seems, Lave been mach ?
worked ut? about the talk of Port Roy- ?
al being retained as a naval station. ;
Acting Secretary Darling hus Sena-,
tor Tillman's requsst under considera- j
mm hm SOEZ.
Consideration of the Effect One
Canal Will Have on the Other.
Washington, May 13.-Ti ie possible
effect of the construction of the
Panama canal on the business of the
Suez canal is referred to in a report
to the Department of State by Mr.
Raveuel, United States consul at
Beirut, on the Suez canal. "The
traine passing through the Suez
canal," says Consul ?avenel, "has up
to the prescent time been constantly
increasing. Whether the canal will,
however, continue to receive a grow?
ing share of the tonnage of the carry?
ing trade to the Orient is a proposi?
tion affected no less by the Canadian,
American and Panama routes than by
the Bagdad, trans-Caucasian and
trans-Siberian railway schemes. It is
believed that the Suez canal inter?
ests, while naturally concerned about
the competition which is springing up
in all directions, regard the situation
without serious misgivings.
"Even if the main path to the Orient
shall be found to lie across America,
the canal has the Persian gulf, India,
West Australia and the east coast
;of Africa from Bei ra (the port of
Rhodesia) to Saukin, in the Red sea,
to guarantee its future trade. To sup?
ply the growing needs of these and
otner east African prts, including
Djibuoti, Mmobasa, Zanzibar, Dar?
es-Salaam, etc., the German and Aus
rtian Lloyds are increasing their fleets,
and Mr. Chamberlain, in a speech at
Mombasa, recently announced the
speedy inauguration of another direct
line of steamers subsidized by the
British government. To facilitate
rapid transit, the canal has quite
recently been supplied with four new
light houses. In considering the
chances of the Suez canal route, one
must not fail to attach due importance
to the work of development now being
performed in Africa."
Sold 1,500 Dales at 12 Gents.
Carlotte, N. C. May 15.-A cotton
mill man, who was here today attend?
ing the meeting of the Cotton Spin?
ners' Association, sold 1,500 bales of
cotton to a New Orleans firm. He got
12 cents a pound for the cotton. He
furnished the 1,500 bales out of the
stock which he holds in his ware house.
The Russian Horror.
It seems almost incredible that at
this period .in the world's history
there could have been perpetrated such
a horror as we are informed took place
recently in Kischineff, the chief city
of Bessarabia, a governmental province
of Russia. Last month the celebration
of Easter was made the occasion of a
ferocious assault upon the Jews by
their fellow Russian townsmen. The
violence and rioting lasted unchecked
for two days. The unfortunate victims
v?e.e given no means of defense, and
the officials in charge, the soldiers,
priests and police were in evident con?
nivance with the mob. By a police
edict two days before the outbreak
the Jews were relieved of all weapons.
The Governor shut himself up in his
palace and refusd to see any one while
the outrage went on. Men, women and
children were handled without the
least token of humanity. Women were
outraged, infants had their heads dash- :
ed to pieces on the stones of the pave- ;
ment3, the bodies of the wounded and
dead were trampled under the feet of
the mob* into shapeless masses, were
mutlated with hatchets and sharp
stones, their heads cut off and carried
on poles. The police and the soldiery
stood by and lifted no finger to save, i
At least, such is the report by eye- ;
svitnesses. The Russian Government at
5rst attempted to smooth the matter :
ov6r, declaring nothing had been done, *
sven misleading the United States i
ambassador, the Hon. R. S. McCor- ?
mick, to cabling that no demonstra- i
tion had taken place. But the facts
Leaked out, and the Minister of the In- <
teri or gives out now the official state- 1
ment that forty-five persons had been J
killed, 424 wounded and 1,300 homes i
ind shops looted and.wrceked.
And what.was the cause of it all? I
The old and throughly disproved accu?
sation that the Jews had killed a
Christian child for the use of its blood
in the Passover service. This assertion j
has never had a scintilla of evidence
in its favor, it is a thought thorough- [
ly abhorrent to Jewish sentiment and ?
disposition. . It has been disproved '
svery time it has been raised, and (
none but the ignorant Russian peasan- ,
try, under the leadership of their
crafty priesthood, could entertain it. ,
When, during the Chinese War, Rus- ?
sia engaged in a wholesale massacre of \
the Chinese, it pleaded that it was the :
necessity of warfare. The plea was (
arrant- hypocrisy. It is proven by the ,
present instance. Russia has no hu?
manity when it seeks to advance its .
interests. "Scratch a Russian and you ,
have a Cossack," said Napoleon, and
he w,as right. Russian civilization is j
the thinnest kind of a veneer covering .
a most brutal savagery. The Russian
Government can stay these outrages if
it wishes to do so. That it does not is
evidence that it does not wish to. ^ It
stands convicted of a most horrible
outrage upon humanity, and it should
be made to know and feel how it has !
violated every sentiment and every
moral instinct of humanity. The
Christian nations of the world should
make known to Russia their displea?
sure, their horror at its conduct.
They hold the unspeakable Turk in
check. The Turk is an inoffensive
iamb compared to the Russian Hear.
-Time: - Dispatch.
Pestoface Robbers Carried to j
Greenville, May Ki.---United States j
Marshall .i. D. Adams and Deputy ?
Marshals J. W. Gray and C. A. Car- j
son took James Lang, Walter Wood, j
ii. B. Wilson and Charles Rodgers to
Atlanta on Thursday to the peniten?
tiary, there to serve out the sentence ?
. fjv<; v,imposed upen each of j
them artbe late terni of thc federal j
court: Tb? se men, it v. ill be recalled,
were convicted upon the charge ot' j
robbing the posteffice at Greers. The j
motion for a new trial was made, but ?
refused and the evidence brought out ;
uren their trial seems to indicate j
that the restraint under which the j
law has now placed them will be a ?
great public benefit.
HESTER'S COTTON STATEMENT.
The kimi Brought Into Sight
Buring tho Past Wesk Has Been.
New Orleans, May lo.-Secretary
Hester's weekly cotton statement, is?
sued today, shows for the 15 days of
May an increase over last year of 36,
000, and an increase over the same
period year before last 16,000.
3 For the 257 days ago the season that
have elapsed the aggregate is ahead of
the same days last year 294,000, and
ahead of the same time year before last
The amount brought into sight dur?
ing the past week has been 73,728,
against 62,128 for the same seven days
lasty ear, and 31,263 year before last.
The movement since Sept. 1 shows
receipts at all United States ports to
be 7,502,371, against 7,327,850 last
year; overland across the Mississippi,
Ohio and Potomac rivers to northern
mills and Canada 1,029,636, against
1,062,221 last year ; interior stocks in
excess of those held at the close of the
commercial; year 43,045, against
72,044 last.year, and southern mill
takings 1,619,500, against 1,438,859
The total movement since Sept. 1 is
10,191,552, against 9,900,974 last year;
and 9,523,966 year before last.
Foreign exports ior the week have
been 66,203, against 66,173 last year,
making the totals thus far for the
season 6,372,189, against 6,070,486 last
The total takings of American mills,
north and south and Canada thus far
for the season have been 3,636,925,
against 3,459,925 last year.
Stocks at the seaboard and the 29
leadings southern interior centres have
decreased during the week 35,953,
against a decrease during the corres?
ponding period last season of 54,209.
Including stocks left over at ports
and interior towns from the last crop
and the number of bales brought into
sight thus far for the new crop the
supply to date is 10,409,626, against
10,260,661 for the same period last
Puerto Ricans Abandoning To?
bacco for Sea Island Cotton.
San Juan, P. R, May 18.-The
weather bureau's crop bulletins an?
nounce that all over the island of Puer?
to Rico sea island cotton is being
planted as rapidly? as seed can^be ob?
tained and that in many instances the
planters are abandoning tobacco for
cotton. The movement is especially
strong in all well known tobacco dis?
tricts of Cayey and Cazuas. All the
cotton tests have proved promising
while the low pri?es for ordinary to?
bacco in San Juan axe said to be
bringing about the change. Close ob?
servers, including cotton men from the
southern States of America? are pre?
dicting here that in a few years the
figures of the former cotton 'trades of
Puerto Rico will be reached, if not
The Civil War in Venezuela.
Washington, May 18.-Advices of a
thoroughly reliable character, received
in "Washington under date of May 1,
show that the Venezuelan revolution?
ists are not only holding their own,
but are making considerable head?
The advices say :
"The districts of Coro Barquise
mento, Tucacas, on the west side,
Cinda Bolivar, cn the Orinoco, and its
surrounding country are still in the
power of revolutionists.
"Within sixty miles of La Guayra,
in the Rio Chico district, the revolu?
tionists are holding forth and, al?
though the Government a few weeks
ago sent an expendition there to drive
chem out, they succeeded only in mak?
ing them retreat, and within a few
Jays they were again back there. A
battle took place in which the Govern
met lost over a thousand me, and
about . three hundred wounded were
brought back to La Guayra after a
two days' fight."
Briefly, the scheme is this; to force
Mr. Cleveland' nomination by the arts
3f the blackmailing Mugwump and
the Money of the Syndicate: and, nap?
ing him nominated, to buy New York,
New Jersey and Connecticut, and the
Dne additional vote necessary to
sleet, relying upon the Solid
South, reduced to a choice be?
tween Cleveland and Rooseveit
That is all. And it is great because it
is so simple. If it works, so much
?ain. If it appears faulty, as the. final
trial approaches, Mr. Cleveland has
only to draw out, as he did from the
Gold Bug Indianapolis Convention,
declaring that no ono was authorized
Lo put him in nomination. But, in
thc meantime, though Mr. Bryan
speculate and Mr. Vilas deny, Mr.
Cleveland cannot be induced to utter
the decisive word which would at once
stop the chatter.
The milk in the Cleveland cocoanut
is Pierpont Morgan and when Pierpont
Morgan puts his hand to a job, be it a
Railway Merger, a Ship Combine or
a Presidential boom, it were well that
prudent men take noto of it. At least
none such will make light of it.
When King Edward went to italy
he met according to "The London
Chronicle," a King who is more cf a
Stuart than himself. Both are des?
cended from Janies I, but the King of
Italy is also, through his mother,
eleventh in descent from Charles J.
In strict right, Victoria Emmanuel lias
more claim to the British crown than
his royal guest, who wears it. But for
their Catholic religion, tho Savoys
would have been installed to rule over
England, and nor. tue Brunswieks,
when the Stuarts were evicted. After
the children of James Ii, the next in
blood was the Dutchess of Savoy,
daughter of Henrietta, the youngest j
child of Charles I But she was ?.ot a j
Protestant, and was so debarred. I
Thus it ?vas that the British crown i
was passed r:o the House of Brunswick j
by the Act of Settlement in 1701. ?
Otherwise the Saoys would now bo the ?
No good fishermen talks while watch- ?
ing tile cork. The country will not !
hear from your Un- le Grever for sever- ?
al weeks yet. J
iS STILL ?HSETTLEO.
Russia Has Been Trying io Crowd
Out American Cotton Trade.
Pekin, May 18.-In reply to further
representations of the United Stares
and Japanese ministers, China has
again pointed ont the impossibility cf
including in the commercial treaties
the opening to trade cf Manchurian
ports on account of Russian opposi?
The American minister proposes that
China open Mukden, Harbin and a
small port at the mouth of the Yalu
C. C. Baldwin of New York, a re?
presentative of the southern cotton
mills, who has investigated the trade
conditions in Manchuria, reports that
the American cotton trade was in?
creasing enormously until recently,
wnen Russians began to exert pres?
sure upon the Chinese, amounting to
coercion, for second orders for Rus?
sian firms amounting to 800,000 bales
cf goods, which otherwise would have
gone to America.
Mr. Baldwin says the foriegn firms
complain bitterly of the difficulty of
ocnducting business under the Russian
administration and he believes that
unless Russian absorption of Man?
churia is checked the United States
will be deprived of a most promising
market for cottons within a few years.
Washington, May J8.- The state de?
partment has been made fully aware
of the obstacles which the Shanghai
treaty commissioners are meeting with
the Chinese in the effort to include in
the commercial treaties the opening to
trade of Manchurian towns. The
Chinese, as stated in the Pekin dis?
patch, point out the impossibility of
this on account of Russian opposition.
The accuracy of this statement, how?
ever, is denied by the Russians them?
selves. M. Paul de Lessar, the Rus?
sian minister to Pekin, who has been
absent from his post of duty for some
time, is now returning to Pekin. His
arrival is awaited with some interest
for it is expected that he will be able
to speak authoritatively on the subject
of Russia's position and thus clarify
the situation considerably. Meanwhile
the United States, anxious to secure
additional port facilities for American
tnde interests in Manchuria, will
continue to exert its efforts to bring
about that result.
HABIHI PIES OF CHOLERA.
A Filipino Patriot Gone to His Rest
Manila, May 14.-Mabini, the form?
er minister of foreign affairs of the
Filipino Government, died of cholera,
at midnight. He was attacked with
the disease on Tuesday night.
Since his return from Guam Mabini
had lived in seclusion. Captured
correspondence of the Risal Province
insurgents showed he has been in
communication with them, but the
letters were not of a seditious nature..
The Filipinos and Americans gen?
erally regret che death of Mabini, but
there will be no demonstration at his
burial, on account of the nature of his
--K?- .*? . tam -
A French Senator Proposes Dec?
orations for Kothers of Fam?
Paris, May 18.-Senator Piot Las
written to Premier Combes proposing
that the government accord decora?
tions to mothers of families. The
senator says the depopulation of
France is a serious menace and urges
that mothers of large families are en?
titled to equal consideration with fire?
men, gymnasts and others who have
been decorated. M. Piot expects to
propose in parliament the creation of
a mother's decoration, consisting of a
ribbon and a cross.
Disaster at a Bull Fight.
London, May 18.-A special dispa:ch
from Madrid announces that during a
bull fight yesterday at Algecieres the
amphitheatre collapsed and twelve per?
sons were killed and fifty injured. Sev?
eral women and children were gored
by the bulls.
Manilla, May 18.-A hurricane devas?
tated Sania Maria, Bullican, Luzon,
on Saturday. Earth shocks were fek
and during the progress of the storm
the great stone barracks collapsed,
killing one and injuring seven native
Chicago, May 15.-Two lives were
lost in a fire that destroyed the West?
chester apartment building, at 5.017
Cottage Grove avenue, early today.
One man is missing and is supposed
to have perished in the flames while
two persons were probably fatally and
others seriously injured by jumping
from the windows.
North Alabama Presbytery overtures
the Synod of Alabama, tense its influ?
ence, "as the only synod which owns
an interest in beth tho Southwestern
Presbyterian University and Columbia
Seminary, for a consolidation of the
two institutions at a point more cen?
tral to rbe synods which control these
institutions. We presume this means
Atlanta, Chattanooga, or Birmingham.
Just four years ago Mrs. Oscar
Falschen of Babylon, Long Island,
visited New York to shop. Among
other things she purchased shoes, after
trying cn several pair. On her return
the discovery of the less of a J.COO
mile railroad ticket which sh?* had
put in her stocking, was made, hzst
week she received from Mr. James
Suter of Charleston, S. C., the ticket,
with a note saying that his wife had
found it ir. a pair of shoes just sent
her from the storr in which the Long
[s?and lady shopped lour years ago.
That, has some interest as a story,
but it also has a lesson. Shoes nt least
four y vars <>:<; were sent to lill an order
from the s< urn. Thc New York es?
tablishments "work oil" on this
"rural" population their shopworn
and ''hold-over" goods. Wouldn't it
bc better to purchase from fresh
stocks of local dealers? Patroinze home