Newspaper Page Text
JIPI PHI! FOR Ml
Bossian Aggressions in Manchuria
?rouse Fighting Spirits of Japs.
ARSENALS WORKING OVERTIME.
Chinese Officials Greatly Alarmed.
Victoria, B. C., May 13.-According
to advices received by the steamer Em?
press of India, Japanese arsenals were
being worked day and night, pro?
visions were being concentrated, coal
stored on Tspima Islands and on all
sides it was evident that Japan,
doubting the extent of Russia's with?
drawal from Manchuria, was preparing
The Eon. Sidney Fisher, Canadian
minister of agriculture, who was one
of the passengers by the steamer and
who had bean in close touch with
Japanese royalty and officialdom, says
the war feeling in Japan is very
strong, and warlike preparations were
in view. The massing of Russian
troops on the tanks of the Yalu, on
the pretence that protection is being
accorded to timber concessionaries,
was causing strong feeling in Japan,
this being regarded particularly as a
menace to Japan.
The destruction by fire of the pow?
der factory at Tokiofn has led to
* sinister rumors that Russian spies were
connected with the disaster.
Russia continues making extensive
military preparations. The North
China Daily News reports that there
has been a "continuous flow of Russian
troops travelling by train from Harbin
to Port Arthur, while other large
bodies have moved to the Eastern
borders of Manchuria, camping in the
vicinity of the 'Yalu River, which
divides that country from Corea. The
warlike movements are causing great
alarm to Chinese officials, : and a
Chinese official is quoted as saying that
the Hessians are preparing for the
inevitable struggle with Japan, a day
which all Chinese officials believe to
be not far distant.
Must Obey Union ; Not the Boss, j
The plasterers ' employed on public
school No. 5, in the Astoria section
of Long Island City, have struck be?
cause Contractor John Langley dis?
charged one cf them for not following
his instructions concerning the work.
The workman told him that he was
doing the work according to the in?
structions of the walking delegate,
and he would be fined if he did it
differently. As the plastering must
be finished before any other branch of
. the work can proceed, the building
is at a standstill. The workmen have
demanded the reinstatement of the
plasterer and full pay for them all
from the time they stopped.-New
The Supreme Court of Georgia held
' in the recent case of Barlow vs. Jones,
that where the owner of land rents it
to a tenant who sublets a portion of
it for a specific pnce, the landlord
may elect to treat the subtenant as his
own tenant and proceed against him
directly by distress warrant and sub?
ject tiie crop raised on the premises by
the snbtenant to the payment of the
rent, and that this is true notwith?
standing th., snbtenant has given his
noto for the rent agreed upon to the
principal tenant, who has transfer?
red snch note to a third person.
Barnwell, May IL-Toy Sanders
killed "Wm, Lutz near the old Sanders
settlement yesterday. Sanders came
in and surrendered to the sheriff
last night. It is understood that he
claims self-defence. Lutz will be
buried, it is said, in the old cemetery
of the Baptist Church. Toy Sanders
is quite a young man, a son of the late
Rev. Fred J. Sanders.
Greenwood, S. C., May 12.-By a
vote of 300 to 80 the town of Green?
wood voted 825,000 in bonds today for
a new graded school building.
A torpid liver deranges the whole
system, and produces
Dyspepsia? Costiveness, Rheu?
matism, Saliow Skin and Piles.
There is no better remedy for these
common diseases than DR. TUTT'S
LIVER PILLS, as a trial will prove.
Take No Substitute?
A CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH
8 -<S^K 0 . ,,,,OrfSIns.I and Only Genuine.
KJ,/T^O.SAFE. A1W?TS r*liah!e. Ladlee, uk Drneoit
'or ?^fclli-STER'S ENGLISH
W^wiPiBPS^I ia K2D an>i Cold netallie boxe?. snJ~i
l? ^\|???1,h,>lu*ribt>on- Take no other. Refaite
71 *Jnj| J/anjrerou* Substitution* and Imita
/ flf tlon?. Bay of jour Druggies, or ?pn.'; -ie. in
W Jf n-*??nr?.r. Particular". Testimonial*
\ V JP Md "?clle? for Ladlee." tn Utter, br rc.
-\, fr tarn Mull. ?<?.<);?<? frotbnotiiml?. SaMbv
?faDtfa? ?M. f] T'r"S?i?". t'hiraMfcrr Chemical Co.,
?Maca tu? papar, i?adijura t ?.".-. ? PH I LA.. JP A.
Winthrop College Scholarship
and Entrance Examinations.
TBE EXAMINATIONS for the award
of vacant scholarships in Winthrop Col?
lege and for the admission of new stu?
dents will be held at the County Court
House on Friday, July 10th, at 9 a. m.
Applicants must not be less than lo
years of age.
When schola-ships are vacated after
Joly 10:h, Ihey will be awarded to those
macing the highest average at this exami?
The next session will open about Sep?
tember 16, 1903.
For further information and a cata?
logue, address Pre<?. D. B. Johnson, Rock
Hill, S. C. May 12-July 9-law j
NOTICE is hereby ?iven that an exami?
nation of applicants for certificates to
teach ir the Public Schools of Sumter
county will be held at the Court House on
Fridav, May 22d, beginning at 9 a. m.
B. D. WILSON,
County Supenntendent Education.
May 4 ll 18
Local Cloudburst Fiils Streets With
Water and Hoods Houses.
PEOPLE TAKE REFUGE UPSTAIRS.
Mule Drowned in Main Street.
Jacksonville, Fla., May 13.-The
rain, which had been falling intermit?
tently all day yesterday and ail last
night, assumed this morning abont
daybreak almost the proportions of a
cloudburst, and when the citizens
prepared to leave for their places of
business many of them found their
homes completely surrounded by water.
But these were not the unfortuntes.
Many were driven from their resi?
dences or forced to go to upper stories
by the water that in some cases reach?
ed the level of the first story windows.
In all as much as one square mile of
the town was under water. Fully a
half mile of Bay street, the principal
thoroughfare of the city, was under
water and much damage was done to
stocks of goods. On this street a mule
hitched to a wagon got beyond its depth
and was drowned, and the driver, at?
tempting to cut it from the vehicle,
nearly lost his life. Skiffs and later
in the day a naphtha launch were ply?
ing on Bay street, removing people
from their submerged homes.
The water was two feet deep in the
waiting room of the union depot, and
every railroad track entering the city
was under water. One train each
over the East Coast Line and Atlantic
Coast Line came into Jacksonville in
the morning, and one each over these
two roads and the Seaboard at night.
The damage to the railroads in and
near the city is considerable, but it is
believed that it will be repaired by
morning and that trains will make
their regular schedules tomorrow.
The rain in its intensity seemed to be
local and the railroads are not dam?
aged, except in or near the city..
The city is in total darkness tonight.
The water was a foot deep in the
electric light power house and stopped
the dynamos. The damage to the
electcric light plant, which belongs to
the city, is estimated at S3, OOO. It
will take probably 830,000 to put the
streets and bridges in repair.
The railroads suffered losses prob?
ably amounting to $100,000. The loss?
es of individuals cannot be accurately
estimated. Many bridges in the coun?
ty were washed away. The total loss
will probably not be less than $400,000.
In addition to this it is feared that
Bridge street viaduct, which cost $250,
000, has been made dangerous by the
The water of McCoy's Creek was all
day rushing under it. It is a broad and
rapid stream, and it is feared that the
supports of the bridge have been so
weakened that it will be unsafe. How?
ever, it was soon to have been replaced
by a new one. Ropes were stretched
across the viaduct to keep the crowd
off. Whether it was weakened serious?
ly can only be determined after the
Five houses were overturned or de
molished near the banks of Hogan's
Creek, in the negro part of the town.
They were all small. The foundations
of many others in the same locality
were undermined and they were ren?
dered uninhabitable. A number of
negro families were rendered home?
The flood was caused by the heavy
downpour in Jacksonville and a few
miles to the north and west. Three
small creeks flow into the river from
the northwest, in the limits of Jack?
sonville, but they spread over a great
portion of the city. The total rainfall
for the twenty-four hours ending at
8 a. m., amounted to 8.41 inches.
Jacksonville, Fla, May 14.-The
city is still in total darkness, but the
repairs at the electric light works
will be completed sufficiently to turn
on the lights tomorrow night.
It is now thought the loss will not
be found as heavy as at first supposed.
Accepting the best information obtain?
able the losses classified will be about
as folllows :
City of Jacksonville $15,000, rail?
roads (in the city) $20,000, railroads
(near the city) $65,000, wholesalers and
freight in yards $35,000, small dealers
$5,000, buildings destroyed $5,000,
plumbing $5,000; total $150,000.
A Seaboard train has been detained
near Marietta, eight mifes from Jack?
sonville, twenty-four hours. The
trestle is washed away in front and
a bridge in the rear of the train gone.
The bridgres in the city are found
standing and not badly damaged. They
were submerged and before the water
subsided were supposed to have been
The railroads are hauling out by the -
solid train-load the water hyacinths
that washed into their yards. It will
take 250 fiat cars to remove them.
A heavy rain fell last night, but the
clouds broke away today for a while.
From a Cat Scratch
On the arm, to the worst sort of a burn,
sore or boil, DeWilt's Witch Hazel Salv*
is a quick cure. In buying Witch Hazel
Salve, be particular to get DeWilt's-this
is the salve that heals without leaving a
scar. A specific for blind, bleeding itching,
and protruding piles. Sold by J. S. Hugh
son <? Co.
The Russian Minister of War has
just discovered thar only one man in
a thousand in the Russian army pos?
sesses a pocket handkerchief, ile has
invited tenders for 500,000 handker?
chiefs, which will be decorated with
Russian flags and other patriotic de?
The Wastes of the Body.
Every seven days the blood, muscles and
bones of a man of average aixe loses two
pounds of wornout tissue. This waste can?
not be replenished and the health and
strength kept up without perfect diges?
tion. When the stomach and digestive
organs fail to perform their functions,
the strength lets down, health gives way.
and disease sets up, Kodoi Dyspepsia Care
enables the stomach and digestive organs
to digest and assimilate all of the whole?
some food that may be eaten into the kind
of blood that rebuilds the tissues and pro?
tects the health and strength of the mind
and body. Kodol cures indigestion, Dys?
pepsia and all stomach troubles. It is an
ideal spring tonic. Sold by J. S. Hughson
A POINTED CONTRAST.
What Advertising and Wise, Ener?
getic Management Did for the
Pope Manufacturing Co.
What the Opposite Course Did for the
American Bicycle Co.
It is announced that a new organiza?
tion of great capital, headed by Colonel
Albert A. Pope has taken over all the
assets of the American Bicycle Com?
pany. This assures a forceful revival
of the bicycle business and points a
most significant contrast.
There is no more conspicuous in?
stance of the influence of liberal ad?
vertising, backed by business ability,
in building up a great industry than
the magnificent succsess of the Pope
Manufacturing Company of Hartford,
Conn. There is no more conspicuous
instance of the influence of the rever?
sal of this policy to the injury of a
great industry than the downfall of
the American Bicycle Company.
Starting with a capital of less than
$5,000, and an output of fifty home?
made bicycles in the year 1878, the
business of the Pope Manufacturing
Company was pushed irresistibly over
every discouragement and obstacle in
the way of an imperfected device and
an undeveloped demand until it was
employing over S5,OOO,OOO of capital,
running five big factories at high
pressure, enlisting a legion of expert
mechanics and distributing its output
through thousands of selling agents
over the face of the globe.
Colonel Pope was once asked what
was the first essential to success in sell?
ing a good thing.
His answer was: "Advertising!"
What is the second essential, then?
"And the third?" The reply came
in a thunder tone :
"Bigger advertising ! ! !"
That is the declaration of his faith
jastified by works. He had a good
thing and he made the public see it
and know it and call for it by a year?
ly outlay risiner to over half a million
dollars in well-made, well-placed ad?
What did he get from it? A net in?
come running up to over a million in a
single year. A property for which he
refused a bid of SS, COO,OOO.
On the other hand the American Bi?
cycle Company started its operations
on the 22nd of* September, 1898, with
an assured control of seventy per cent,
of the bicycle business in this coun?
try. It was the heritor of the grand
plant and success of the Pope Manu?
facturing Company. It embraced also
the plants, patents, prestige and assets
of all kinds of forty-one other active
concerns in the field. It took in the
Western Wheel Works, the Monarch
Cycle Manufacturing Company and the
Gormully-Jeffrey Manufacturing Com?
pany of Chicago, the Indiana Bicycle
Company of Indianapolis, H. A. Lo
zier ?- Company of Cleveland, E. C.
Stearns & Company of Syracuse, the
Sterling Cycle Company of Kenosha,
Wisconsin, A. D. Miselbach of Mil?
waukee, and the Lamb Manufacturing
Company of Chicopee Falls, Mass.,
all leading producers in their line.
It assured its unfailing supply of bi?
cycle parts by the incorporation of the
Thompson Manufaturing Company of
Chicago, Smith Sons ?Co.,'of Mil?
waukee, the Cleveland Machine Screw
Company of Cleveland and the Ameri?
can Saddle Company of the same city
with five plants in other cities and
Its capitalization was forty million
dollars. The net yearly income of its
component concerns was reckoned for
its underwriters at over three million
dollars in 1897 and 1893, and estimated
at three and a half million for the year
It was not a proscribed "trust," not
a squeezing monopoly, but a magnifi?
cent leader in the eye of its promoters.
It was to set the pace and standards
in bicycle production, and outsiders
must be content tc lag behind. It
controlled an extraordinary range of
standard and popular designs and
could challenge, at will, the price cut?
ting of the cheapest machine makers.
With--this dominating organization,
cenital and facilities, it was expected
to distance competition and reap enor?
In the first year of its triumphal
march it began to salt away money for
its stockholders by cutting down its
advertising-using what one of ifs
officials likes to call "the condensing
method." Next year it gave some
more wringing twists to the compress
of its condenser. During the year jnst
closing it compressed its advertising
almost, to the vanishing point, and in
all these years its business shrunk in
direct proportion to the shrinkage of
its advertising until, in September
last, just three years from the month
of its sanguine start it defaulted the
payment of its fixed charges and went
into thc hands of receivers. It never
paid a dividend and its fifty operating
plants have shrunk two-thirds.
The largest tobacco farm in this
country and perhaps in the world is
in Decatur county, Ga., and is owned
by A. Cohen ct Co. Their property
is worth about a quarter of a mil?
lion dollars and they ship 1,500,000
pounds of the finest Sumatra tobacco
yearly. There nre nearly 3,000 hands
on the farm. There are 18,000 acres
in the tract, but only 1,600 acres in
tobacco. Every acre is covered by a
frame arbor and that overlaid with
cheese cloth. There are 20 sections
with 20 superintendents. There are
182 curing barns averaging 200 by 300
feet. There are 900 houses on the
farm occupied by the laborers, which
King Edward, it seems, is dissatis?
fied with his wages. He now gets 82,
300,000 a year. This he wishes increas?
ed by $100,000, making the sum an
even $2,500,000. However, he is not
asking for an eigiit-hour day, nor is
there any probability that he will get
on strike.-Savannah News.
A Little Early liber
Now and then at bedtime will cure consti?
pation, biliousness and liver troubles. De
Witt's Little Early lasers are the famous
lit tie p?lls that cure by arousing tr e secre?
tions, moving the bowels gently, yet effec?
tually, and giving such tone and strength
to th?? glands of the stomach and liver that
the cause of the trouble is removed entire?
ly, and if their ue-e is contiaued for a few
days, there will be no retcrn of the com?
plaint. Sold by J. S. Hughson & Co.
WILD COTTON SPECULATION.
High Price Record Broken Again
-Bull Dealers Have Shorts on
New York, May 13.-Tremendous
excitement pervaded the cotton market
today as a result of the sensational
advance in Liverpool which came
about 10 to 16 points higher than had
been expected. The local market start?
ed 18 to 27 points higher on the near
months and 4 to 14 on the late months
under a rush of shorts to cover. The
decline of yesterday had attracted
sales and these sellers bought actively
this morning. During the first few
minutes prices were advanced a trifle
further on some positions, but were al?
most immediately weakened by a wave
of selling for profits. This selling was
encouraged by the indifference of New
Orleans, favorable weather and fair re?
ceipts. The advance at Liverpool was
attributed by cables to demand in the
absence of selling and the strength of
spot situation. It was also thought
that the operations of the local bull
clique had been transferred to that
Noon found prices 23 to 30 points
upon the near months and 2 to 9 points
on the late positions, this being the
top for the morning, the season and
for a dozen years with a single excep?
tion. Today's top prices for May con?
tracts showed an advance of 343
points or nearly 3^ cents since Nov.
14, the low $ay of the season.
Great as was the excitement during
the morning as a result of the sensa?
tional Liverpool advance, it was sur?
passed in the afternoon when the rush
of buying orders was probably the
greatest ever witnessed in any cotton
market. Prices were forced rapidly
upwards and the list as a whole reach?
ed new high records for the season
while the volume of business was such
as to surpass all previous records, the
transctions being estimated at fully
one million bales. The market closed
a few points off from the top on some
options but firm and excited at a net
advance of IO to 40 points. Mav sold
at 11.31, July at 10.91 and August
Tea Culture in South Carolina.
Fifty-five years ago the United
States Government made the first
practical experiment in tea culture, at
Greenville, South CaToilna. The re?
sult was a failure, and no further offi?
cial effort was made until 1892. In
that year Dr. Chas. U. Shephard, a
cultured and travelled planter, owning
a fine estate near Summerville," South
Carolina, twnety-one miles from
Charleston, made an exhaustive report
to the commissioner of Agriculture
upon the subject. This gentleman had
visited and inspected the tea-growing
districts of China, Formosa and
Japan, and, impressed with the belief
tb at tea could be grown successfully
in the United States, he had planted
a considerable area cf his farm, and
had, at the time of his report, de?
monstrated the wisdom of his conclu?
sions. He has now a fine tea planta?
tion, producing several of the choicest
Varieties, notably the product of his
"Rose Tea Garden," the site of which
was originally an old pine woods. The
soil is a black loam, underlaid with
quicksand and under that a clayey
stratum. By draining the subsoil,
fertilizing, and deep-plowing, he
succeeded in subduing perverse condi?
tions and finally creating a tea-growing
soil. This garden now contains near?
ly 1,500 healthy tea plants, or bushes,
capable-with sufficient rainfall-of
producing in one season approximately
400 pounds of tea, or about four ounces
to the bush. This is the yield of one
acre of land, and exhibits a striking
contrast to the verage of foreign pro?
duction, which in China is one to two
ounces and in Japan one ounce per
Dr. Shepherd has constructed and
perfected machines and appliances
within the past few years, which
greatly improve the facilities and les?
sen the cost of handling and curing
the plant. In his report in 1899 he es?
timated the total cost per pound for
pruning, manuring, cultivating, leaf
picking and factory work at twenty
seven and one half cents. He states
that this may possibly be reduced to
sixteen cents per pound.
Labor is, of course, the chief item
of cost, and the expertness of the tea
hand is to be considered first over all.
On an output of 400 pounds to the acre,
the picking and its supervision is es?
timated at eight cents per pound, girls
and boys being employed.
The expense of preparing the land
is estimated at about the same as for
any other "intensive crop." The
initial work, covering a period of
years, involves the really serious ex?
pense. In Japan, it is said the best tea
is picked from bushes 200 years old.
T;,e tea from the Rose Garden sells for
SI. 00 per pound, and is a superior
article ; but even at a net profit of ten
cents pound on an acre yielding 400
pounds, the results are certainly at?
Dr. Shepherd' informed us that his
crop in 1898 was about 3,000 pounds
from his three gardens, and that the
profit was twenty-five cents a pound.
The present capacity of the tea factory
exceeds fifty pounds per day of dry,
black tea. The Doctor's plans of con?
struction, including a tea rolling ma?
chine, doing the work of fifteen to
twenty men; his hot-air drying ma?
chines; and later the construction of a
green tea factory, have elicited from
Government experts encouraging com?
The hibernation of the plant has
much to do with its ablity to with?
stand an unusually cold winter, and
very luxuriant plants appear to suffer
most. Pruning is therefore an im?
portant operation on low grounds.
Judicious use of the knife has increas?
ed the size of the bushes and a corres?
ponding increase of the crop has re?
A visit to thesn teagardens and their
environments, via the Southern Rail?
way to Summerville, South Carolina,
cannot fail to delight, as well as in?
struct, any one interested in th is fu?
ture domestic industry, and the Doc?
tor's courteous, old-school manner and
; knowledge qf old-world pi-oples and
i countries add greatly to the charm and '
: plasure of the visit.
Twelve hundred recruits are said to j
! have been placed in danger of cerebro ?
' spinal meningitis by an outbreak of j
the disease on two United States train- j
I ing ships stationed at Philadelphia. !
Three deaths have occurred. !
The Kind Yon Have Always ?$svaglit, and winch lias been \
in use for over 30 years, ?as borne the signatnre of >
^j/? - and bas been made under his per
?r x^f?4?^7*"7^*r sonal supervision since its infancy,
"*&uZT7y, '^UcAVK Allow no one to deceive yon in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment?
What is CASTOR IA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, Drops aud Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
le KM You Haye Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THC CENTAUR COMPANY. TT MURRAY CTSCET. NEW YORK CITY.
The Fragrant Violet
The creeping honeysuckle-all that is beautiful in nature now
begins to assert itself-perhaps in detriment to the appearance
of one's castle, for does not the harmonious effects of nature
tend to magnify the ugliness of those weather stained and
faded spots just behind the blinds, or along the stoop and fence?
An investment in a gallon or barrel of
MOORE'S PURE H??SE COLORS
A pure linseed oil paint, -will prove profitable whenever there is any portion of the in?
terior or exterior of your dwelling that requires beautifying or preserving.
THE BURNS HARDWARE CO., SUMTER,
Will be pleased to quote prices and furnish color cards.
BE2TJA2?Z2T HC OES:- & CO., Manufacturers,
Broc&lyn, IT. Y. - - - Chicago, Ul?
Meh 2-e o d-m a m j & s
Corn, Oat?, Hay, Ship
Sf tiff? Hull? and C. Seed
Meal, Carolina it. P.
Seed Oats at
HABBY& CO.'S STABLES.
Also full line of standard grade Wag?
ons, both one and two horse.
Buggies, Harness, Carriages
We also have on hand a full line of building
material, such as Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris,
Hair, Laths, Fire Brick, Terra Cotta Pipe,
Stove Flues, &c.
We want to give you prices when you need
any of above, and we w?l get your patronage.
HARBY & CO.
Aug 8 >
Is one o? tht. things you need to aid you
to enjoy the spring weather. We can
supply it. A large stock of new styles
opened today. Prices right-$1.25 to $5.
Our Low Price Leader at $1.24 Can'tJBe
. OSTEEN & CO.
16 W. Liberty Street.
First class work and good material. I do good
work as cheap as possible, but do not make a spe?
cialty of cheap work.
3ST. G. OSTEEL.