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SUMTER WATOHKAX, Established April, 1S50.
'Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
olidated Aug. 2,1881.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. MAY 27, 1903.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established Juna, IS?
New Series-Vol. XXI?. So. 43
HAVE ONLY ONE HUNDRED OF THESE fl ACHINE
But while they last they will go for Five Dollars each, six records to go with every ma?
chine. This is the genuine Columbia Graphophone, and every record bears the Columbiaftrade
mark, as well as the machine itself, which is of the latest design. Do you work hardball
through the hot summer days ? A little recreation and amusement in the evenings will cheer
you up and make happiness in the family circle. As you are not to enjoy a thousand years' so?
journ in this land of flowers you may as well pick up a few lines of pleasure in passing, espe?
cially when the cost does not exceed the five dollar mark. I am not living ten thousand miles
away from you, and have the goods for sale, open for your inspection ; come and see them*
T. B. JBlsTKlIlSrS, Jr.
Selling New Home Sewing Hachines, Columbia and Cleveland
Bicycles, and a high=class line of Sporting Goods.
PaUisisd Sro? Yeteoad&y,
SUMTER, S. C.
$1 50 per ano am-in advance.
ie S?a&re first insertion.......$1 00
Xvery subsequent insertion-.* .......... 50
Contracts for three months, or longer will
?e made at reduced rates.
Jilt cGmaanicatioc3 whieb subserve private
interests will be charged for as sdvertiements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
mwsi mmmi IN HLMTOH.
Little Orphan Girl Killed hy Burst?
ing of a Wringer in the Laun?
Special to The State.
Clinton, May 19.-The Thora wei! j
orphanage is now in need of the ten?
der sympathy which the good people
of the State -have always been so
ready to show it. One of those un?
foreseen and unavoidable accidents
which sometimes happen occurred
here today. While one of the girls
was.passing by the -wringer in the
steam laundry ir/ suddenly went to
^pieces with the noise of a pistol ex?
plosion. Miss Anna Anderson was
struck by a flying piece and was dead
within 20 minnies. The whole insti?
tution is in tears. It was a merciful
Providence that saved the liv*3s of the
; other girls, some of whom were uear
by. Anna was one of the sweetest,
most lovable girls in the institution.
There is no blame to be attached to
-any one in connection wtih the acci?
The wringer was running at its us?
ual speed. There was evidently a
?flaw is the iron or workmanship.
The 200 children -at the orphanage
need the sympathy of God's people
now in their loss of one of their dear?
ROOSEVELT MD WASHlMSTflM.
Bag-Thne Sang, "Gwine to Change
dat White House Black."
President Roosevelt and Booker
Washington, the great Moses of his
.people, have at last been made the
subject of a song-not the every-day
heroic -song that the man on the
vaudeville stage sings with a high
tenor voice that seems to come out of
-the top of his head, accompanied by
highly-colored changing pictures of
dying soldier boys thrown on the cur?
tain-but the ordinaryt rag-time coon
song, with dislocated notes that losen
your feet, and a tune that will sit up
with you at night till you Jearn it
"Gwine to Change Dat White House
Black" is a clever satire on the Roose?
velt-Washington dinner party, and,
while gotten out too late for the regu?
lar winter theatrical season, will sure?
ly be heard from this summer. If
this song catches the public it may
be an important factor in the next
Presidential election ; for a man once
said: "Let me write the songs of a na
tion and I care not who makes its
laws.'*' The song was recently gotten
out by the Whitney-Warner Publishing
Company, of Detroit, Mich.
The oniydipect descendant of Robert
Burns is a clerk in a Chicago shipping
office. He is Robert Burns Hutchinson,
and his descent from the poet is un?
questioned. His mother, Sarah Burns,
was a daughter of Lieut. Col. James
Glencairn Bums, the third son of
Robert Burns and Jean Armour. Mr.
Hutchinson will be forty-eight this
year. He was born at Cheltenham,
but crossed the water in 1891, when Le
married Miss Mabel Burnand. Their
little daughter, Dorothea Burns
Hutchinson, is the next in the
straight line from the poet.
J. A. Guiledge, of Verbena, Ala., was
twice in the hospital for a severe case of
piles causing 24 tumors. After doctors
and all remedies failed, Buckler's Arnica
?alve quickly arrested farther inflamma
tion and cured him. It conquers aches sod
?ills pain. 25c at J. F. W. DeLorme,
GALLS LABORER AN INFERIOR.
Ann Arbor Professor Says Blood
of Capitalist is Superior.
From th-i Chicago Record-Herald.
Ann Arbor, Mich., May 15.-Bine
blood still exists. Harrison S. Smally,
of the political economy department
of the university, said that the capi?
talist is superior physically to the
laborer ; his blood is superior
"The laborer," said Prof .Smalley,
<:is at a disadvantage because, among
other reasons, of his physical inferior?
ity. I mean a particular kind of
physical inferiority, and not that the
capitalist has stronger sinews, muscles
or Inngs than the laborer. In this re?
spect, of course, the laborer has the
advantage. By comparing men purely
as animals the laborer is an inferior
kind of animal. A hundred years ago
it was believed that all men were
created equal : it was in the air. And
I we have come habitually to underesti?
mate the fact that, as animals, some
men are inferior to others.
"This difference exists in all ani?
mals. We see it in the breeding of
horses. Some horses are worth at the j
present time about 85 and others are '
?worth hundreds, and no training-could !
make the $5 horse worth $100. The '
same thing is true of men. just as
President Jordan, of Leland Stanford,
said when he laid emphasis on the im- j
portance of blood in animals. The
laborer has not the warm, rich, blue
blood which means physical superiori?
ty. This same blue blood, when thin?
ned out, stands, of course, for infer?
iority, both mentally and morally.
Some men are cart horses, worth S5,
and other men belong naturally to a
higher order of animals.''
Some of Count Cassini's State?
ments as to Jews Pronounced
To tlie Editor of The State:
I read your editorial today on the
trouble in Russia and also Count 'Cas?
sini's conversation for the Associate
Now I would like to state for the in?
formation of the general public that a
Jew canot own land in Russia, cannot
even rent land, neither can he run a
blacksmith shop ; thus the statement
of Count Cassini that they will not farm
is very misleading How can they
farm when they cannot buy land, and
since 1880 cannot even rent land,
but are forced to live, in towns to
make their legitimate living?
Blackville, S. C., May 19, 1903.
j Bank Failure in Greenwood.
Greenwood, May 20.-The City Bank
of this place, suspended today. The
news was as astounding as it was un?
expected. The first intimation of the
suspension was the posting of the fol- I
lowing notice on the front door:
"Combination of circumstances,
coupled with unusually heavy de?
mands on us, absolutely forces the
City Bank to suspend. Creditors and
depositors will be paid in full, but it j
will take time.
(Signed:) "J. F. Davis, President."
The directors held a meeting at 2
o'clock this afternoon and called a
meeting of the stockholders, to fee held
on Monday morning at 10 o'clock.
They also stated that the depositors
and creditors would be paid in full.
The only reason given for the
suspension is that the bank had sus?
tained losses recently and the president
was not willing to obliagte the bank
further. The suspension was a sur?
prise to the directors as well as to the
Mr. Cope Whitehouse, a geographer
and explorer of some fame, declares
that the popular conception of the j
Rocky Mountains is an error, that ?
there is, in fact, no continuons chain
of mountains extending from the j
northern to the southern boundaries of
the United States, no great continen?
tal divide snch as is generally depicted
on the maps of North America. He
does not deny that there is a region
west of the Mississippi marked by
general mountainous conditions, but
he ref ates the supposition that these
conditions form a continuous mountain
ehain. The future maps of the wes?
tern half of the United States, he says,
will be materially different from those
now used in the schools as the basis
for the geographical knowledge of the
?. S. TO BE IN MANCHURIA
ON FOOTIHS WITH RUSSIA.
Southern Cotton Interests Will be
Protected in Their Best Mar?
ket, Even if it Means War.
"Washington, May 19.-Regardless of
the ontcome of the present negotia?
tions respecting the political domina?
tion "of Manchuria it can be stated
that this government is prepared to in?
sist to the end upon commercial pri?
vilege for United .States merchants in
Manchuria equal to those enjoyed by
the merchants of other nations, Russia
included. The state department has
had pledges from Russia that even in
the event of Manchuria passing under
Russian control our commerce and
trade privileges should not suffer and
it will hold that our commerce would
suffer if Russian goods can enter Man?
churia free while United States goods
are forced to pay duty. This attitude
of the state department will, it is be?
lieved, go far toward reassuring the
southern cotton interests which have
become alarmed at the possible loss
of their best market.
53 Physicians 'Being Examined.
There were eight, negros among the
53 applicants for admission to the
medical fraternity who appeared be?
fore the State board yesterday. This
is the largest class of applicants which
has ever come before the medical ex?
aminers, and the result cannot be an?
nounced until'Thursday night. The
members of the examining board are :
Dr. J. L. Napier, of Benettsville, Dr.
T. G. Croft of Aiken," Dr. Davis Fur
man of Greenville, Dr. W. P. Porcher
of Charleston, Dr. R. Andral Bratton
of Yorkville, Dr. S. C. Baker of
Sumter, Dr. O. B. Mayer of New?
Conspicuous among the bright young
men standing the examination axe
i members of the Class of 1901 of the
South Carolina Medical college, who
have heretofore refused to stand the
examination, as they claimed immuni?
ty under the act of 1901 which ex?
empted graduates of this college from
examination at the hands of the State
board. While the avowed reason of
passing the act was that the examina?
tion entails a lot of unnecessary ex?
pense upon the graduates of that col?
lege-as they are well qualified to
pass the examination after having
gotten their diplomas-yet the State
board took exception to the movement
and fought it in the legislature and
subsequently in the courte.
Dr. Napier brought criminal and
civil actions against a young physician^
named Moore in Marlboro who refused
to stand this examination. The
supreme court sustained the complaint
of the State board of examiners
through the chair and Dr. Napier, and
as a result the members of that class
appeared before the board yester?
day. The members of the class of
1903 were exempted by another act,
the constitutionality of which has not
been tested and may not be tested, as
the South Carolina Medical college
has changed its curriculum so that all
graduates must take a four years7
course. The principal result of the
'fight in the legislature and in the
courts seems to have been to get the
physicians in the State "at outs" with
each other and the advisability of the
agitation has been a matter of doubt
and all who have at heart the interests
of colleges in South Carolina are
afraid that the college has not been
j helped by the differences among the
Another feature of the examination
yesterday was the presence of two
bright young women from Spartan
burg who are attending the exaimna
tion. There are now a number of wo?
men physicians in the State who are
meeting with no small degree of suc?
cess and the colleges for women are
finding that it is more than a fad to
have resident physicans who are wo?
men of education and experinece to
give constant-oversight to the pupils.
-State. May 20.
A Little Early Riser
Kow and then at bedtime will cure consti?
pation, biliousness and liver troubles. De
Witt's Little Early Risers are the famous
little pills that cure by arousing tre secre?
tions, moving the bowels gently, yet effec?
tually, and giving such tone and strength
to the glands of the -stomach and liver that
the cause of the trouble is removed entire?
ly, amd rf their use is coutiaued for a few
da y% there will be no return of the com?
plais.*,. Sold by-J..S. Hughson & Co.
MUST MOVE CAUTIOUSLY.
State Department Cannot Aford
to go Very Far in Massacre
Washington, May 19.-Some of the
resolutions adopted last Sunday by
varions mass meetings and organiza?
tions respecting the Kischineff mas?
sacre have reacehd Secretary Hay.
They will all receive careful considera?
tion and it may be that some way will
be found though none is now clear by
which the substance of these resolu?
tions can be communicated to the
.Russian government as an evidence
of the feeling aroused in the United
States. It is both a difficult and del?
icate task to approch a nation,
especially one so autocratic as Russia,
on the subject of internal administra?
tion where it is not alleged that direct
interests of the complainant are in?
volved. Nations reserve for themselves
in such cases the right to absolutely
refuse to receive from another a com?
munication in the nature of a criticism
and no matter how desirous the state
department might be of mitigating the
lot of the Jews in Bessarabia, it
could not afford to run the risk of
receiving a severe snub. But it can
be said that the department is keep?
ing in close touch with events in
Russia and is resolved to lose no op?
portunity to remind the Russian gov?
ernment when it can properly do so of
the strong sympathetic interest the
people of the United States feel in the
welfare of the Jews.
CUBA'S INDEPENDENCE DAY.
Havana, May 20.-The celebration
of Cuba's Independence Day, the first
anniversary of the establishment of
the Cuban Republic began at midnight
with the illumination of the fronts of
the principal clubs, sending up of
rockets and the screeching of steam
whistles. Business was completely
suspended and the streets were throng?
ed with people.
President Palma, accompanied by
the Cabinet officers and city and pro?
vincial officials, drove to the Punta,
where he reviewed the members of
the police and fire departments and
then, accompanied by Secretary of
State Zaldo, he was driven up the
Prado to the palace, continually ac?
knowledging the salutations of the
crowds which lined that thoroughfare.
At noon the guns of Cabanas For?
tress announced that exactly a year
had elapsed since the birth of the
Cuban Republic, and immediately
thereafter the rural guards and ar
I tillery paraded on the plaza in front
of the palace and were reviewed by
Daring the review of the troops
United States Minister Sqniers was
the only foreigner in the President's
party, which occupied the central
balcony of the palace.
The feature of the review was the
smart apearance of the mounted rural
guards, who were enthusiastically
Dispatches received here frem sev?
eral of the Cuban cities indicated that
the holiday was universally celebrated
throughout the island.
Made Young Again.
4i0ne of Dr. King's New Life Pills each
night for two weeks has put me in my
'teens' again" writes D. H. Turner, of
Deinpseytown, Pa. They're the best in the
world for Liver, Stomach and Bowels.
Purely vegetable. Never gripe. Only 25c
at J F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
The Germans are the largest Irish
potato planters in the world, in pro?
portion to population. They plant 160
acres to every 10,000 of population,
compared with 112 in Austria, 98 in
France, 31 in Great Britain and Ire?
land, and 35 in this country.
It is said that nothing is sure except
death and taxes, bnt that is not altogether
trne. Dr. King's New Discovery for Con?
sumption is a sure cure for all lung and
throat troubles. Thousands can testify to
that. Mrs. C. B. VanMetre of Shepherd
town, W. Va., says "I had a severe case of
Bronchitis and for a year tried everything
I heard of, but got no relief. One bottle
of Dr. King's New Discovery then cured
me absolutely." It's infallible for Croup,
Whooping Cough, Grip, Pneumonia and
Consumption. Try it. It's guaranteed by
J. F. W. DeLorme, Druggist Trial bottles
free. Regular sizes 50c, $1.C0
^^^^^ THE GREAT l^^^^J ?==^T^: j ^Tjj
j UNE ip^yri^S?
Our big Spring shipment of the
A line we are proud to represent
Fire backs guaranteed for wood
15 years-duplex grates.
ROOMY, WELL-VENTILATED OVENS
!3B?13^HHBBBH?^B^^P^^B^1H^H ahvB fi B &TJ ^BHH * Din ? m]
THE TOWN OF SPEGTAGLES.
The Curious Manner in Which an
African Settlement Received Its
John Moir built accommodions resi?
dence a number of year3 ago on the
outskirts of Blantyre in the Shire
Highlands south of La-ke Nyassa. He
is the agent of the African Lake com?
pany, which has a number of steamers
on Lake Nyassa and has proved that it
is possible to build up a prosperous
business in inner Africa without sell?
ing spirits or firearms to the natives.
The company buys ivory and other na?
tive commodities and giving in ex?
change nothing but cloth, wire and
other things which added to the com?
fort of the natives and do them no
Mr. Moir wears spectacles, and the
natives call him Mandala, which
means glass. When lie erected his
house they also applied the name
Mandala to the building.
Then Mr. Moir developed a settle?
ment around bis private property, all
devoted to the interests of the com?
pany he represents. There are store?
houses for ivory and other things
bought from the tribes. Trade goods
as they arrive from Europe are also
stored here till they are sent np the
lake. The place has become a very
thriving settlement with several hun?
It did not lack a name for a single
day, because the natives at once named
it when the first storehouse was erect?
ed. They simply made the name'
^fendaia embrace also .the town : and
now on all good maps we see a little
dot and the word Mandala standing'
for the most thriving and important
suburb of Blantyre. The fame of
Mandala is known to all who are in
terested in Africa's progress and the
name it bears was given to it simply
because the founder of the town
London, May 19.-The under foreign*
secretary, Lord Cran borne, was asked'
in the house of commons today for
information on the massacre of Jews at
Kischineff, Bessarabia, about a month
ago. The secretary in reply placed the
total number of killed about double
the number given in the official Rus?
sian report. Otherwise the facts did
not differ from those alreadv publish -
A Startling Test,
To save a life, Dr. T. G. Merritt, of Ko.
Mehoopany, Pa., made a startling test re?
sulting in a wonderful care. He writes, "a
patient was attacked with violent hemor?
rhages, caused by ulceration of the stom?
ach. I had often found Electric Bitters
excellent for acute stomach and liver
troubles so I prescribed them. The patient
gained from the first, sui. has not had an
attack in 14 months," Electric Bittere ai*
positively guaranteed for Dyspepsia, Indi?
gestion, Constipation and Kidney troubles?
Try them. Only 50c at J. F. Vf. DeLorme'sw