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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, May 27, 1903, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1903-05-27/ed-1/seq-4/

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WEDNESDAY, MAY 27, 1903.
The S??*ter tFateftfracwt was round?-.
io 1850 and the Trv.t Southron in 1866
Tbc Watchman and Southron now has
Sse combined oireul&tien and influence
Cir both o: the old papers, and is mani?
festly the best advertising medium in
Sam ter.
There is at least one weak spot in
the interest calculation incorporated
in the school beard's bond statement,
viz : Interest is compounded on $500 for
the entire period of 20 years, while,
on the other hand, the interest is not
compounded on the excess in interest
to be paid on the per cent bonds.
If it is fair to compound interest on
the $500 commission that, would have
been paid for floating 4 per cent bonds,
then, as just offset against this,
compound interest should be com?
puted on the excess paid each year and
not on the $75 estimated to bethe
amount it will cost to print the 4f?
per cent bonds, only. If this be done,
the $75-the annual excess in inter?
est paid each year for 20 years-with
compound interest, as calculated on
the $500, will amount to $3,289.40
Again, if the payment of $500 com?
mission on 4 per cent bonds would be
illegal, inasmuch as it would reduce
the bid below par, then by the same
process of reasoning the bid of the
First National Bank is illegal, as the
school board, by the terms of that
bid, must pay all expenses for printing
the bonds, etc. But these good na?
tured criticisms of the statement of the
board, are, like a great deal of their
statement, nothing more than hair
splitting that serve no good purpose
save to establish a position previously
assumed. The bonds are well sold at
4^ per cent, although we are still of
the opinion that they might have been
sold to better advantage if they had
been advertised at 4?? per cent in the
first instance, or if all inquirers had
been notified that the board had decid?
ed to issue 4f? per cent bonds instead
of 4 percent as advertised.
Weekly Crop Bulletin.
The week ending Sa. m., Monday,
May 25th, had a mean temperature of
79 degrees, which is 5 degrees above
normal, making this the hottest week
of the year, as well as the first, since
the crop season began, that was warm?
er than the normal There was a
gradual increase in warmth from the
beginning to the end of the week,
at which time temperatures above 90
degrees were obsiirved over the en?
tire State. The sunshine was large?
ly in excess of the usual, and averaged
about 90 degrees of the possible. The
winds were light westerly to souther?
ly. The warm weather was favorable
to crops and has given com and cot?
ton a healthier look, and started a
rapid growth wherever the ground
contains enough moisture. The condi?
tions were also favorable for the rapid
progress of farm-work^
The week's rainfall consisted of gen?
erally light? scattered showers, that
fell on the 21st anti 23rd. Portions of
Hampton County had excessive
precipitation, while the north central
and western counties had none. Light
hail fell in Kershaw. The need" of
rain is felt over tile whole State, but
only in the north central and western
counties has the drought becomes seri?
ous. In these sections, the lands have
become too dry and hard to work, and
generally they break up cloddy. Com?
plaint is widespread that recently
planted corn and cotton cannot come up
until it rains ; and that all crops are
suffering for want of moisture, with
a consequent falling off in condition,
and that growth is at a standstill.
The weather conditions were favor?
able on cotton, and a rapid improve?
ment is indicated, but stands con?
tinue to be irregular, and in a number
of localities the plants are dying out,
while recently planted seeds are slow
in coming up. The early planted came
up poorly, with much replanting still
being done, whole fields being, in
some instances, plowed up and planted
over. Chopping is general, and in a
few localities nearly finished. Fields
are clean, as a rule, except in Beaufort
county. Sea-island cotton has im?
proved in condition, stand and color,
but all cotton is small for the season.
The condition of corn is variable,
but with a general improvement during
the past week, due to the more favor?
able weather. Worms continue to
destroy stands of young corn. All
com is small for the season. There is
still much to plant in the north-cen?
tral and western counties. Fields are
well cultivated and clean.
Tobacco improved under the in?
fluence of bright sunshine and the hot
weather. It is "buttoning" low in
Florence, and the stalks are spindling
in Kershaw. The crop as a whole is
quite promising. Minor crops show
marked improvement, especially
melons and rice, but they stand urgent?
ly in need of rain The fmit prospects
suffered slight impairment from drop?
ping, although an average crop is still
indicated? Wheat continues poor, but
the reports on oats are more favorable,
and indicate a larger crop than has
heretofore been expected. They are j
ripening and some have been'harvest
ed. Ch:inen bugs have damaged oats
in York county. Late truck is doing
well, and beans are being freely
shipped. Early peaches are being
marketed. Pastures are failing.
Local Weather Report.
For 24 hours ending 9 a. m., May
27, 1903:
Temperature: Maximum, 93; Mini?
mum, 71; Mean, 82. Precipitation,
0.06. Character of day-Partly cloudy.
Direction of wind-Southeast.
Sun rises, 4.55; sun sets, 7.00.
Forecast for 36 hours ending 8 p.
m., Thursday, issued from Washing?
ton, D. C. :
For, Sumter and vicinity-Showers
tonight and probably Thursday. Sta?
tionary temperature.
WEATHER CONDITIONS.
{Light scattered showers prevailed in
the lower Missouri and upper Missis?
sippi valleys, the lake region and the
middle Atlantic States. A light show?
er fell at Sumter in the afternoon, the
first since the 14th inst. A storm
seems to be forming over western
Texas and Oklahoma. Cloudy weafch
er is reported along the South At
[ ?antic and Gulf coasts. Temperatures
j remained stationary over the country,
I but the heat wave has moderated and
passed into the Atlantic Ocaen. The
highest temperature was 98, the low?
est 34 at Medena.
F. Prescott-Bullock,
Local Observer,
U. S. Weather Bureau.
GR??TLOOPS ??"OKLAHOMA.
Chickasha, I. T., Inundated, but
no Loss of Life Reported.
Chickasha, I. T.,May 26.- The storm 1
situation at Chickasha tonight is '
considerably changed for the worse 1
since last night. The people awoke
this morning to find that Line Creek,
a small stream running through the !
town and emptying into Washita Riv?
er, had overflowed its banks and twen* ]
ty or more residences were under wa?
ter. The families living in the houses
were all rescued without loss of life.
Yesterday the Washita River was
six feet higher at Ardako than ever be?
fore. Last night at ll o'clock the flood
reached here and a wall of water near?
ly thirty feet in height swept down the j
river bed, overflowing its banks and j
carrying with it everything in its path, i
Railroad tracks are washed away in
every direction.
OKLAHOMA CITY CUT OFF.
Oklahoma City, O. T., May 26.
There was a further rise in the Cana?
dian River at this point last night and
today, and it is higher than at any
time in its history. Many houses were
washed from their foundations last
night, and in some instances this
morning only the tops of some could
be seen. The 'Frisco passenger train,
due at 6 o'clock last night, is tied up
between two washouts a mile east of
the city, where the river is more
than half a mile wide. It was not un?
til noon today that the passengers were
transferred to this side by boats. The
Choctaw, Oklahoma and Gulf has ex?
perienced more washouts and no trains
will be run either way from this city
before Thursday. It was estimated
this morning that the damage to
houses in the southern part of the city
would reach $25,000.
The loss on wheat along the river
bottom will runup into the thousands.
LABOR CONTRACT SERVITUDE.
United States Secret Service In?
vestigating Labor Conditions in
Alabama-Violation of Law
/ Charged.
2 Washington, May 26.-At the request
of the department of justice the United
States secret service has undertaken
: the work of investigating the charge
of peonage, of holding another in ser?
vitude to work out a debt, which has
been made against persons living in
the vicinity of Montgomery, Alabama.
The punishment provided by the
statute for this crime is a fine of not
less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000
or imprisonment of not less than one
year nor more than five. One man
; named Robert N. Franklin has already
been indicted for keeping a negro in
i servitude for at least a year. Informa
; tion in the hands of Chief Wilkie
tends to show that a regular system
has been practiced for a long time be?
tween certain magistrates and persons
who want negro laborers. It is said
that the plan is to bring a poor negro
before a magistrate on a flimsy charge.
He is convicted and, having no money
to pay the fine, the white man offers
to advance him the money provided the
negro will make a labor contract with
him for a length of time sufficient to re?
imburse him for money and trouble he
has taken to keep the negro out of jail.
He is thereupon taken away and be?
gins what is frequntly a long term of
cruel servitude, being frequently
whipped for failure to perform work to
the satisfaction of his employer. An
agent of the secret service, who is now
on the ground, will make a thorough
investigation of the whole alleged
system and turn over to the United
States attorney for that district all in?
formation he may secure with a view
to the prosecution of offenders. i
Graded School Commencement Notes.
The closing exercises of the Graded
School will be in the Opera House on
the evening of the 28th. These exer?
cises will begin at; 8 o'clock. The city
bell will ring 13 times at 7.10 as a
signal for the pupils to leave home.
As is customary the front seats will
be reserved for the relatives of the
members of the class of 1903. The
box on the left as one enters will be
reserved for the members of the City
Board of Education ; the other, for the
Aldermen of the city.
The Second Regiment Band, always
responsive to the wishes of the school,
will furnish music for the commence?
ment occasion.
COMMENCEMENT AT WEDGEFIELD.
Closing Exercises of the Excellent Grad?
ed School of That Place.
Wedgefield, May 26.-On last Thurs?
day night before a large and apprecia?
tive audience the closing exercises of
our graded school were held. The ex?
ercises which consisted of recitation,
dialogues and drills were well render?
ed, which reflects great credit on the
principal, Prof. R. L. Goff, and his
able assistant Miss Evie Wilson.
It proved much time and training
had been expended in -the prepara?
tion. The stage had been tastefully
decorated for the occasion, which add?
ed lots to the scenery.
The following is the programme :
Opening march, . by Miss Evie Wil?
son.
Prayer, by Rev. S. O. Cantey.
Greeting song, by school.
Recitation, by Sadie Wright.
Recitation-Experience with a re?
fractory cow, Aretas Bradford.
Dialogue-In want of a servant
Gruliem Mellett, Nora Dew, Helen
Iroutman, Sudie Wright, Burney
Phomas, and Manlius Aycock.
Recitation-Frank Mellett.
Dialogue-Taking the Census-Thad
rroutman and Aretas Bradford.
Song-Leap Frog John-Primary
Department.
Butterfly drill by eight girls.
Dialogue-Changing servants-Boys.
Play-Katy in Gooseland-Girls.
Recitation-Mabel Mellett.
Recitation-Peter Dwight.
Recitation-Helen Weinberg.
Play-Aunt Susan Jane-Aretas
Bradford, Nan Mellett, Mabel Mellett,
Bessie Aycock and Soult Mellett.
The prizes offered by Miss E. A.
j Wilson for scholarship and attendance
?were won by Janette Thomas, Helen
Weinberg and Peter Dwight the two
first making the highest averages, and
the latter not being tardy nor absent
daring the session.
The prizes were deliverd with appro?
priate remarks by Rev. S. O. >Cantey.
Miss Nan Mellett made the highest
average in Prof. Goff's room.
At a meeting of tho board of trus?
tees, Prof. R. L. Goff was reelected
principal for another term, bnt his as?
sistant Miss Evie Wilson did not stand
for reelection, mach to the regret of
the trustees and patrons. Miss Evie
has been the assistant for several years,
and was held in the highest esteem by
all, and we regret she saw fit to take
the step she did.
Harvesting oats is the order of the
day, and the crop is mnch larger than
anybody expected.
Miss Bessie Kelley is visiting in Sum?
ter.
Bishopvilfe Teachers.
At a meeting of school trustees held
last week Mr. J. F. Thomason of the
Greenville Fitting School was elected
principal. Misses Edith McCutchen
and Daisy Pearce reelected assistants
with Misses Kirkley of Camden, and
Blanche DeChamps of Wisacky. All
the preliminary work has been made
to commence work on the Graded
School building by July 1st.-Bishop
ville Vindicator.
Notes from St. Charles.
St. Charles, S. C., May 25.
An extraordinarily sad and calami?
tously afflictive fatality has visited the
family of Mr. J. Cantey Bullock, of
this township, within the past few
days. On Friday of this past week he
buried a daughter, and yesterday two
others of his daughters passed into the
great unknown beyond within a few
hours^ of each other, each dying of a
different malady and after very short
illness. Mr. Bullock is a worthy
citizen and has the sincere sympathy
of the community. '~*^pf??r
Mr. Wm. H. Bryan is reported as be?
ing in a less critical condition than
last week. The case of this gentleman
has excited much interest as, by his
quiet and unobtrusive urbanity, he
had won over much kindly feeling to?
ward himself, and hopes and devout
wishes are entertained for his recovery.
Glenn Springs Ginger Ale is made
from the purest ingredients and the
best Mineral Water.
You are bilious, drink Glenn Springs j
Mineral Water and get relief. j
/iNGEB ALE
Delightful Beverage,
Invigorating,
Healthful
Containing the Mineral Ingredients of Gleni
Springs Mineral Water.
Glenn Springs Carbonated Mineral Water
a delightful table water, and positive cure foi
dyspepsia. Gives immediate relief from indi?
gestion.
For sale by J. F. W. DeLorme, The Sumtei
Drug Co., A. J. China, and the Sumter Phar?
macy. May 27
FOR !NTORM^T)6V ADDRESS ^ ^-)> j
We have all the little nec=
essaries?White hose, white
fans, white ribbons = at the
right prices.
A small lot of Misses
White Lace Stripe Hose, at
10 cents.
J. BYTTENBEBG ft SONS.
White Stone Lithia Springs.
The best Lithia Water in America, the largest
and most modern brick hotel in the Carolinas
or Georgia, the coolest resort in the State.
All modern improvements, electric car line^
from Southern By. to Hotel. Well shaded,
pleasant grounds, scenery equal to the moun?
tains, and all amusements found at first class
watering places. Come to White Stone Lithia
Springs for health or pleasure.
Read what the noted Dr. L. C. Stephens, who stands at the,
head of the profession in South Carolina, and who was presi?
dent of the State Medical Association, also president of the
Medical Board of Examiners of South Carolina, until he re?
signed to move to Greenville, says :
Greenville, S C , October 10, 1902.
After a service of one season at White Stone Lithia Springs,
as resident physician, I do not hesitate to say that the effect of
the water upon those who drink it for any length of time, has
been perfectly marvelous Invariably an increase both in flesh
and appetite was perceptible in one week, proving it to be a
mineral water of undoubted powerful tonic property. Ito pe?
culiar adaptability to diseases originating from disorders of the
kidneys, bladder and liver, such as dropsy, Bright's disease,
diabetes and uric acid calculi, and all forms of dyspepsia, rheu?
matism and gout, is to be expected from the splendid analysis.
It has been noted frequently that visitors before coming here
had to follow every meal with some form of corrective, or con?
fine themselves entirely to predigested foods ; soon discarded
these entirely, being delighted to find that the water alone
nature's own remedy-sufficed.
Of the many who drank this water this season for ten days
consecutively, not one but experienced decided benefit and a
perceptible gain in weight, varying from two to five pounds.
L C. STEPHENS, M. D.
Columbia, S. C., October 1, 1902.
Mr. J. T. Harris, White Stone Springs, S. C.
Dear Sir : Your favor of the 8th ult was duly received.
In reply thereto I would say that it affords me much plesisure
to add our words of commendation to your springs and all its
surroundings. Our visit there last August was highly enjoyed
and greatly appreciated by us all. We derived much benefit
from the use of the water, and we can say without hesitation,
that we have never used any mineral water with greater bene?
fits. The actionn of this water on both kidneys and liver was
very marked and beneficial.
We are also pleased to add our commendation to your hotel,
and all of its surrroundiogs We found the building all that .
could be expected, and fully up to your representation. The
table was well kept and afforded us entire satisfaction. We would
without hesitation commend it most favorably to any one seek?
ing a mineral water of this character ; and we trust that you
will enjoy a future of great prosperity for this enterprise so well
started ; and which deserves the patronage of our people.
Yours very truly, W. A. CLARK,
President Carolina N. Bank.
For rates and particulars, adddress
WHITE STONE LITHIA WATER CO.,
May 13 White Stone Springs, S. C.

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