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POSTAL THIEVES IN THE TOILS.
Developments in tbs "Get-Rich
jjaick" Bribery Gases.
Ryan, the Man Who Furnished
Money to Bribe Corrupt Officials
Turns Stats Evidence and
Washington, May 26.-United States
Marshal Henry C. Pettit, at Rockville,
Ind, notified the ' department by tele
fraph today of the arrest of Joseph M.
oh ns, the man charged with con?
spiracy in the alleged bribery of Daniel
V. Miller, the assistant attorney of
: the postoffice department, who was
arrested last night Johns will be tried
with Miller at Cincinnati. Tbe cases
will be presented to the Federal grand
? - i arv, which meets there on October 8.
According to evidence in possession of
the postal authorities Johns received
$4,500 as a result of the decision of
Acting Assistant Attorney General
Christiancy that the Ryan Turf
Investment Company was entitled
to use the mails. Miller was
an assistant of Christiane?. The
authorities here say that Johns
was not an attorney of the Ryan con?
cern, but has been a life-long friend
and political associate of Miller. The
exact division of the $4,500 is not
known. Miller was "at the post-office
department today in conference with
Assistant Attorney Geneial Robb, who
closely questioned him regarding the
case The case of the Arnold Com?
pany, the turf investment concern
which was responsible for the first
charges against the office of the assist?
ant attorney general, and which,
despite the adverse report of postoffice
inspectors, obtained a favorable de?
cision from the office, is still under
The checks which figure in the al?
leged payments to Miller and Johns,
which are in possession of the depart?
ment, are for $3,400. They were sup?
plemented with a cash payment of
?1,100. The checks are signed by the
Ryan COL se m and made out to Johns's
order and endorsed by him. Ryan has
agreed to be a witness for the Govern?
ment. He has furnished the depart?
ment with all the information in his
possession, including the documents.
While the department cannot
guarantee Ryan's immunity, it will
put his service in giving State's
evidence in the best light before the
Court. Mil^r had charge of the in?
vestigation of the Ryan case and pre?
pared the letter, which Acting As?
sistant General Christiancy signed.
This letter, which constituted the de?
cision of the department, allowed the
concern to use the mails, and was sign?
ed December 10. The decision in the
Arnold case, which served as a prece?
dent, and whose language is followed,
was signed by Assistant Attorney Gen?
eral Tyner, December 4.
JOHN J. RYAN'S CONFESSION.
Cincinnati, May 26.-John J. Ryan,
whose confessions caused the arrest of
Miller and Johns, operated his "get
rich-quick' ' turf investment concern
from here and from St Louis and ran
winter races at Newport, Ky. Other
warrants hare been issued as a result
of the investigation of the postoffice
inspectors. Ryan is here now and ad?
mits that he operated some time at
St Louis before the inspectors got aft?
er him, and later he was called to
Washington. Ryan says :
**I was sore because i had heard
that concerns like mine stood in with
the postoffice department by giving up
$25,000, I felt that those who were
standing in with the department were
behind the investigation so as to get
me out of their way. "
After returning from Washington to
St Louis last November, Ryan says,
he get a telegram from Attorney
Johns, of Rockville, Ind, that Johns
cou\d be of service to him with the
department at Washington, and later
Ryan and Johns met in Terre Haute.
There, Ryan -says, Johns explained
how close he was to Miller and how
Miller had accepted a $2,000 job in
the post-office department at Washington
with the idea that the job had certain
*' trimmings, " such as, Ryan says,
Johns explained, Ryah would be able
to furnish. Ryan declared that Johns
asked $5,000 to get from Miller a let?
ter from the attorney general's office
-snowing Ryan was entitled to use the
mails. Later Ryan say Johns came
down to $2,500 and the proposition was
accepted. A proposition to pay $2,000
lor literature so worded it would pass
muster if it was ever taken up in the
mails was later accepted.
Ryan asserts Johns delivered the let?
ter and literature to him on December
16. Ryan says he gave Johns $1,100
cash and checks, dated December 17,
one for $2,000 and one for $1,400.
Then, Ryan says, everything went
along smoothly until the trouble of
February 9. A" week later a fraud
order was issued against Ryan, and
Ryan says an effort for another shake?
down was put on foot, but he would
not stand for it He says he received
more telegrams from Johns. Ryan
says he preserved all the. telegrams
JOHNS HELD TO BAIL.
Terre Haute, Id, May 26.-Joseph
H. Johns, who is charged with com?
plicity in the Milier-Ryan postal scan?
dal, was arraigned before Commission?
er Higgins today and gave bond for
$1,500 for bis appearance before Federal
judge Anderson at Indianapolis, June
25. His bond was sighed by several
citizens of Rockville, who acompanied
him to this city. He refused to make
any statement The warrant under
which he was arraigned charged
conspiracy too receive personal com?
pensation for services to divers persons
in which the United States was in?
Washington, May 27.-The Philip?
pines are having their postal scandals
as well as Washington. Two oases
were reported by mail to the war de
dartment today. One is that of
Former Postmaster Milne, &t Tacio
ban, Leyte, who is accused not only of
taking $2,000 current coin of the Uni?
ted States, but even the 400-pound
safe, which is supposed to have con?
tained the money.
Flower baskets of many sizes and
artistic shapes for sale" at H. G.
Osteen & Co's book store.
Another Development in the Postal
Mr. Machen, the Head of the
Rural Free Delivery Service, is
Arrested for Having Made
$18,981.78 by a Dishonest Use of the
influence of his Position.
I Washington May 27.-By far the
f most sensational development of the
j postofiSce investigation np to this time
occurred today, when August W.
i Machen, the general superintendent
? of the free delivery service, was ar?
rested on a warrant issued upon the
! information of postoffice inspectors
charging him with having recieved
"rake-offs" from contracts made with
the local firm of Groff Brothers for a
patent postal bps fastener. The warrant
specifically charges him with receiving
$18,981.78 since August 8, 1900. it is
alleged, however, at the department
that this amount does not represent all
that Machen obtained in correction
with these contracts, it being charged
that he profited, by them for several
years prior to thVdate of the first con?
tract mentioned in the warrant Other
arrests are to follow.
Immediately after Mr. Machen was
taken into custody the Postmaster
General issued an order removing
him from office. He had been prac?
tically under suspension for a fort?
night pending the investigation into
his bureau. The discovery of Machen's
alleged interests in the contracts was
made quite accidentally by the in?
spectors some three weeks ago, and
since then their energies had been
directed toward making ont a case.
Last night, after the authorities had
become convinced that they were in
possession ol' the necessary evidence,
Mr. Machen was notified to appear at
the department this morning. He did
so and was subjected to a "sweating"
process by the inspectors and Mr.
Bristow for three hours, but no ad?
mission that he had profited by the
contracts could be obtained from him.
He declined to answer many questions
on the ground that they related to his
private business, but insisted to the
end that he had not received a cent
Nevertheless he was a res ted on the
warrant which had been prepared and
was taken before a United States com?
missioner, where his attorney im?
mediate^ demanded a full hearing.
AssistaifrBistrict Attorney Taggart
however, was not ready to proceed with
the- case and the hearing was set for
June 5. Mr. Machen gave $20,000
bond, furnished by a Philadelphia
bonding company, for his appearance,
declining to accept the proffer of
friends to go on his bond. After his
release he declined to make any state?
ment beyond the single declaration
that- the whole thing was a grand stand
play and would come ont all right.
His attorney declared /that at the
proper time they would show con?
clusively that he had been guilty of
no wrong in connection with the
contracts and, on the contrary, they.
would be able to show that his ad?
ministration of the free delivery ser?
vice had been characterized by ability
and integrity. The department officials
claim that their evidence is conclusive.
It is understood that civil snit will
be entered to recover from Machen the
amount he is alleged to have received
on the contracts. The warrant for
Maehen's arrest was drawn by As?
sistant United States District Attorney
Taggart on a sworn statement made
today by Walter S. Mayer, a post
office inspector from the Chicago dis?
trict, before United States Commis?
sioner Anson S. Taylor, in this city.
Inspector Mayer, in the several counts
in the complaint, alleges the receipt
by Mr. Machen of several specified
sums aggregating $18,981.78, in con?
nection with the purchase for the use
of the department of certain letter box
After setting forth Mr. Machen's
official position as superintendent of
free delivery service in the postoffice
department the complaint ' says that
as such superintendent, Machen was
charged, with the daty and invested
with the power, under the superpision
and with the approval of the first as?
sistant Postmaster General, of pur?
chasing for the use of the department
certain articles, among them "letter
box fasteners. " Inspector Mayer then
states than one Samuel B. Groff and
one Diller B. Groff are the owners of
a patent invention for such letter box
fasteners and were engaged in busi?
ness as Groff Bros. The statement
then says that on July 2, 1900, Super?
intendent Machen procured the is?
suance of an order by the first as?
sistant Postmaster General for 5,000
complete and 2,087 half fasteners of the
Groff variety at the rate of $1.25 for
one complete and $2.25 for two half
fasteners, and that as superintendent,
he recommended and tbe treasury
paid $7,551.88 to the Groff Bros., for
the fasteners aforesaid. The statement
frben proceeds :
"The said order was procured by the
said August W. Machen npon a col?
lusive understanding and agreement
between him and the said Diller B.
Groff, that he, the said August W.
Machen, was to be paid a certain pro?
portion of the poceeds of any warrant
to be issued in payment of the articles
supplied under said order, and the
promise of him, the said Di ?1er B.
Groff, to pay such proportion ; and
that after and on the 8th day of Au?
gust, A. D., 1900, the said August W.
Machen did ask, accept and receive of
and was paid by said Diller B. Groff,
pursuant to such collusive understand?
ing and agreement the sum of
Then follow a number of other
counts alleging the receipt by Mr.
Machen of the following specific sums
in connection with sales of letter box
fasteners to the Government:
September 20, 1900, $2,501: Decem?
ber 18, 1900, $3,000; August 31, 1901,
$1,271; September 9, 1901, $753.50;
January ll, 1902, $724.98: January 20,
1902, $2,500: April 9, 3902, $2,360.56;
August 22, 1902, $2,850.
According to statements of postoffice
department officials there was a go
between for the alleged transactions
in connection with the contracts. The
identity of this person is withheld by
the department, and the officials re?
fuse to say what steps, if any, have
been taken looking to his apprehen?
sion. It is stated that he does not re
side in Washington and is not here at
Postmaster General Payne was asked
tonight for the name of this man, but
declined to discuss the subject, adding
that he knew nothing about it. The
inspectors, however, it is stated, know j
the identity and movements of the j
intermediary. He may be arrested at j
any time. The inspectors say the
evidence they have is of the most
comprehensive nature. It " includes
many drafts of an alleged incriminat?
ing character, bearing the signature
of Mr. Machen. The evidence was
worked np principally in Washington,
though much of it was obtained in
other parts of the country. The final
decision to make the arrest was reach?
ed at 3 o'clock this morning, after a
protracted conference between the
united States district attorney and
The arrest created a profound sensa?
tion at the postoffice department. The
news spread rapidly and within a few
minutes after the arrest the fact was
known generally. Postmaster General
Payne lost no time in communicating
the news to the public, summoning
the newspaper men and saying: "Mr.
Machen is now under arrest in this
building. He has received a large sum
of money from the contractors who sup?
ply the Government with certain
articles. The amount he is charged
with receiving is over $20,000. The
department will make a statement
later in the d?y, as soon as it can be
NO FURTHER ARRESTS MAUL
Washington, May 28.-A large corps
of inspectors, including some of the
veterans of the service, were at work
probing into the alleged irregularities
of the postoffice department today, but
no further arrests were made. It is
said to be possible that the inter?
mediary who it is alleged figured in the
transactions which led to the arrest of
August W. Machen, the former gen?
eral superintendent of the free deliv?
ery service, may turn state's evidence.
His identity has not yet been dis?
closed. Mr. Machen's counsel issued
a statement asserting his ability to
fully disprove all the charges. The
investigating officials are equally con?
fident. The government is anxious to
expedite the trial of Machen as much
as possible, consistently with the
proper handling of the case, lt is ar?
ranging to have its witnesses at
Machen's preliminary hearing June
5. The preliminary hearing of the
Groff brothers, the profits of whose
firm Machen is accusa of sharing on a
40 per cent, basis, has been set for
Postal officials refuse to give any in?
formation respecting the go-between
who, " it is alleged, figured in the
transactions that caused Machen's
arrest. It is said there is a possibil?
ity, if not a probability, that he will
be used as a witness for the govern?
ment. The postmaster general to?
night said: "That there is a'third
party in this matter I have no doubt,
but I cannot say anything further."
He was asked whether the delay in
making an arrrest was due to failure
to locate the man. The postmaster
general replied in the negative and
added that sometimes there were
other reasons. He significantly sug?
gested that sometimes it was found
best not to be too precipitate in taking
action and there was an intimation
that the department, might desire the
go-between to turn state's evidence.
Mr. Payne was asked as to the nature
of tlie charges on file against George
W. Beavers. He replied that they
might be summed up as the payment
of extravagant prices for materials and
supplies used in his division, includ?
ing time clocks and stamping ma?
chines. He said that there was only
one charge that Mr. Beavers had re?
ceived a commission on these supplies.
This charge, he said, is under in?
? much more rigid overhauling of
the affairs of Mr. Beavers' former office
will begin shortly.
The investigation of the affairs of
the free delivery division, it is stated,
has not been interrupted by the arrest
of Machen. The inspectors who
brought about that result are continu?
ing their inquiry and will probe into
other charges against Mr. Machen.
Some of the charges are of a similar
nature to those on which yesterday's
arrest was based. The overhauling of
the free deilvery branch will be tho?
rough and Postmaster General Payne
today declared with emphasis that the
investigation will not end until all ir?
regularities have been thoroughly in?
quired into and eradicated.
Assistant Attorney General Robb of
the postoffice department had a long
conference today with United States
District Attorney Beach regarding the
procedure in the Machen case. It is
the wish of the postmaster general
that the trial of the case be expedited
as mueh as possible. The evidence
in the case has already been reviewed
by Attorney General Kuox. The
federal grand jury is in session and
it is expected that the case of Mr.
Macben will be presented immediately
to that body. The suit and attach?
ment proceedings to recover the
amounts alleged by the postoffice de?
partment to have been obtained from
the postoffice box fastener contracts
will be instituted at once. The proceed?
ings will be similar to those instituted
in the Green-Gaynor case.
Charles' A. Douglass of counsl for
Mr. Machen today gave out the fol?
lowing statement: "Mr. Machen has
been a long time in the public ser?
vice, and he is widely and favorably
known throughout the United States,
and it is due him that the public
should not prejudge his case, but
should patiently await developments
which are sure to come. Mr. Machen
is ready to meet, in the clearest and
most satisfactory way, the charges now
specifically made against him, and he
now generally and publicly invites
most rigid investigation into every
act and transaction connected with his
official life. More than this should not
now be said."
A Serious Mistake.
E. C. De Witt & Co. is the name of the
firm who make the genuine Witch Hazel
Salve. DeSVitt's is th*? Witch Hazel Salve
that heals without leaving a scar. It is a
serious mis ake to use any other. DeWitt's
Witch Hazel Salve cures blind, bleeding,
itching and protruding piles, burn?,
bruise.-, eczema and all .-kin disease?. Sold
by J. S. Hu-jhson & Co.
EARTHQUAKE IN ASIA MINOR.
Melazgherd, a Town of Five Hun
I dred Houses, on the Euphrates,
is Destroyed and Many Lives
London, May 28.-The foreign office
here today received some details from
the British consul atErzeroum regard?
ing the recent earthquake at Melaz?
gherd, according to which a strong
earthquake shock, lasting thirty
seconds, was felt on the morning of
April 29, throughout the entire dis?
trict between Lake Van and the Rus?
sian frontier and as far west as Khar
put. The town of Melazgherd, con?
sisting of five hundred houses, was de?
stroyed and much havoc was wrought
in the surrounding villages. Col.
Khali t Bey, commanding the garrison
of Melazgherd, with his whole family,
three other officers and eighty soldiers,
perished in the ruins. Lieut. CoL
Tayib Bey, whose family perished,
The telegraph operator who sent the
news of the catastrophe said he him?
self was badly injured, and that his
wife and sister bad been killed.
The foreign office has appealed for
subscriptions for the relief cf the
destitute Mohammedans and Chris?
tians of the Melazgherd district.
Washington* D. C., May 28.-Vice
Consul Ojalvo, at Erzeroum, Turkey,
reports to the State department that
an earthquake in the canton of Malaz
gherd, district of Bitlis, on the 29th
ult, caused the death of 500 people and
left the city in ruins. The shock was
strongly felt in Erzeroum, a journey
of thirty-eight hours, and threw the
people into a panic. Many of them
turned their stables, which are built
level with the ground, into sleeping
apartments, for greater security.
SUMMING UP THE DAMAGE.
Constantinople, May 28.-Advices
which reached here today from Asiatic
Turkey show that a terrible earthquake
occurred April 29 at Melazgherd, in
the vilayet of Van, eighty miles south
west of Erzeroum, on the Euphrates.
The town was totally destroyed, with
its entire population, numbering
2,000 souls, including 700 Armenians,
as well as the troops forming the
garrison of Melazgherd. In addition
over 400 houses in neighboring villages
A somewhat severe earthquake shock
was felt here this morning, but no
damage was done.
Estimate of Cotton Acreage of the
United States, May 27,1903.
New York, May 27.-With the view
of obtaining the most reliable inform?
ation possible concerning the cotton
acreage of the United States for 1903,
we addressed 4,000 letters to banks,
bankers, cotton commission merchants
and responsible planters, embracing
every cotton growing county in the
South, asking acreage estimates.
Up to this date we have secured 3030
replies, of average date May 22 and
the following tabulation is the result.
In our opinion it is as approximately
correct an estimate of the cotton acre?
age as could be secured by direct com?
munication with parties competent
to judge, residing in the Southern
State. Aerease Acreage Season.
Alabama, 3,501,737 3,589,230 14 d'ys l'ter.
Ark. and Mo., 1.961.627 2,020,476 16 "
Florida, 253,286 257.085 14 "
Georgia, 3.862.439 3,958,999 12 "
Louisiana. 1,617,678 1,658.120 18 "
Mississippi, 3,181,408 3^45.030 16 "
N. C. and Va.. 1,113,315 1.157,848 13 "
Sou th Car.. 2,205,909 2,294.145 13 "
Tennessee. 754.811 792.552 14 *'
Tex.&Va'ous. 8.661,893 8.878.440 17 "
Totals, 27.114,103 27,851,981 14.7 avge.
I The total estimated increase of cot?
ton acreage in the United States for
1903 is 2,72 per cent or 737,878 acres
more than last year, and the average
planting of the crop is about 15 days
later than normal.
Our corespondents report the crop
late in ali sections, and complaints of
low temperature and imperfect stands,
rendering some replanting necessary,
have been quite general, but that it
has improved within the past two
weeks, on account of beneficial rains
and warmer weather; still, in no part
of the cotton belt is the crop in as
promising condition as at this time
last year. Yours truly,
Latham, Alexander & Co.
If you need flower baskets for com?
mencement call at .H. G. Osteen &
Co's, book store.
On May 6th the Crown Prince of
Prussia and future German Emperor
became of age. The second son of the
German Emperor, Price Eitel Fred?
erick, will celebrate his twenty-first
birthday on July 7, 1904, and the third
son, Prince Adelbert, on July 14, 1905.
The fourth son. Prince Auguste Wil?
liam, will be sixteen years old next
January. Oscar is a year younger,
while the sixth son will be thirteen
next December. The Kaiser's only
daughter is the youngest child, being
stimulate the TORPID LIVER,
strengthen thc digestive organs,
regulate thc bowels, and are un?
equaled as an
In malarial districts their virtues are
widely recognized, as they possess
peculiar properties in freeing, the
system from that poison. Elegantly
eke Mo Substitute.---.
gm CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH
? #~<S*!\, Original und Onlr Genuino.
?5-r,/l*>.V\8AFE. Alway, reliable. Ladle*, ask Praest it
for CHICHESTER'S ENGLISH
jf^%?^'4?Ni?\ in ?i^I) ar. 1 (iold metallic boxci ir?:e l
TgV ^^^T?? w|;n hUir ribbon. Take no other. Rcfuac
J?S ?sSj Doncfrou? Substitution* and Im 'ta
J / * f?j Hon?. HUT nt your Draggi**. or ?end 4e. io
1 ?J Jt ?t?rap. for l'art lou lura. Testimonial?
\V ff ?nd ..Keilor for Ladle?," tn Uf.tr. br re
?*\. ff turn Vull. 1 O.ddO I?'.ttmoiiia!.. Sold by
" 7~~"' ?ll liruBs-i.t.. < hl< he?t-r f hemlonl Co.,
Mtntjon thii i nj er. MadUon S.-i..rr, Till LA.. l'A.
The hammocks being sold by H. G.
Osteen & Co., haven't a superior in
Sumter, at the price.
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and-which has been
in use for over 30 years, has .horne the signature of
and has been made under his per?
sonal supervision since its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good99 are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare?
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups? It is Pleasant? It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms -
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep?
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend?
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bean the Signature of
le Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THC CENTAUR COMPANY, TT MURRAY STREET, NEY/ TORK CITY.
Corn, Oats, Hay, Ship
Stuff, Hulls and C. Seed
Meal. Carolina R? P.
Seed Oats at
HABBY& CO.'S STABLES.
Also full line of standard grade Wag?
ons, both one and two horse.
Buggies, Harness, Carriages
We also have on hand a full line of building
material, such as Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris,
Hair, Laths, Fire Brick, Terra Cotta Pipe,
Stove Flues, &c
We wani to give you prices when you need
any of above, and we will get your patronage.
The Fragrant Violet
The creeping honeysuckle-all that is beautiful in nature now
begins to assert itself-perhaps in detriment to the appearance
of one's castle, for does not the harmonious effects of nature
tend to magnify the ugliness of those weather stained and
faded spots just behind the blinds, or along the stoop and fence?
An investment in a gallon or barrel of
MOORE'S PURE HOUSE COLORS
A pure linseed oil paint, will prove profitable whenever there is any portion of the in?
terior or exterior of your dwelling that requires beautifying or preserving.
THE BURNS HARDWARE CO., SUMTER,
Will be pleased to quote prices and furnish color cards.
BENJAMIN MOORE & CO., Manufacturers,
Brooklyn, H. T. - - - - Chicagro, 111
Mch '2-e o d-ni a ni j & s