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I. ?Ije tU a tel) m an anD iSoutljroiu
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rna SUMTER WATOHMA?. Established April. 1850. "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Ainis't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established Jone i = 6 >
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JUNE 10, 1903. New Series-Vol. XXII. . Xo. 45
I HAVE ONLY ONE HUNDRED OF THESE il ACH INES,
s:s s.?SS?-srs.S;aS'S-sssa ?
But while they last they will go for Five Dollars each, six records to go with every ma?
chine. This is the genuine Columbia Graphophone, and every record bears the Columbiartrade
mark, as well as the machine itself, which is of the latest design. Do you work hardball
through the hot summer days ? A little recreation and amusement in the evenings will cheer
you up and make happiness in the family circle. As you are not to enjoy a thousand years' so?
journ in this land of flowers you may as well pick up a few lines of pleasure in passing, espe?
cially when the cost does not exceed the five dollar mark. I am not living ten thousand miles
away from you, and have the goods for sale, open for your inspection ; come and see them.
TC*? I ?. ZT
5 liing Nw Hom Swing flachins, Columbia and Cl veland
Bicycls, and a high=class lin of Sporting Goods.
"Published Srsry Ve?&es&ay,
IST. cst. Osteon,
SUMTER,. S. C,
fl 50 per acacm-ia advance.
Jae Square St3t insertion.......$2 00
Iverj subsequent insertion....... ........... 50
?. Contracte for three montas, or longer will
De made at reduced rates.
Al! communications ichica subserve private
interests will be charged for as ad verdemente.
; Obituaries sad tribales of respects will be
UMR PBOFITS IN TiBPEHTiiMS.
Twenty-Three Per Cent More
Turpentine by New Method
of Tapping Trees.
Also Better Grade of ftosia-The New
"Cup and Gutter" System Taking
Place of Boxing.
Washington, June 1.-The turpen?
tine industry is receiving the benefit
of discovery by Dr. Charles. H.
Berty, an expert of the Bureau o?
Forestry, the importance of which
may be realized by the enormous gain
in profits it secures for the turpentine
'"operator. By a new method of tapping
.trees, called the cup-and-gutter sys?
tem, Dr. Berty has secured an in?
crease over the old method of 23 per
cent, of turpentine, besides uniformly
hi^h grades of rosin.
? The demonstration of this increase is
based on careful and elaborate experi?
ments conducted by Mr. Berty at
""?cilia, Ga. One-half ef a first, a
second, a third, and a fourth year
crop was managed by the box system,
the other half by the new cup-and
gctter system. Every effort was made
to have the conditions in the two
divisions exactly similar and to make
the comparison a just one. The in?
creased output of 23 per cent, secured
by the cup-and-gutter system during
-the season of 1902 is guaranteed by
Dr. Berty as being absolutely reliable
for the turpentine orchard at Ocilla,
rGa, and he believes there is no reason
for not accepting it as representative
of the increase that may be secured
by this system throughout the tur?
The experiments of 1902 showed the
following gains of the cup and gutter
?*er the box system on a basis of one
First year, $4.12.54
Second year, 311.54
Third year, 513.38 '
Sourth year, 516.48
-?Fo striking and significant were the
results of the Ocilla experiments that
"turpentine operators have eagerly
seized upon the discovery, and all
over the South the new method is sup?
planting the old. Dr. Berty has been
constantly in the field this spring,
installing the equipment of the new
system under the direction of the
Bureau of Forestry. Up to the pre?
sent 345,000 cups have been installed
by the following operators: Baxter
& Co., Fargo, Ga., 21,000 cups;
Florida Tie and Lumber Co., Middle?
burg, Fla, 21,000cups ; Bast Coast Lum?
ber Co., Watertown, Fla.., 31,000 cup;
Powell, Ballard & Co., Ocilla, Ga.,
40.000 cups; E. L. Vickers & Co.,
Adel, Ga., 15,000 cops; J. T. Hunt &
?o., Asburn, Ga., 21,6? eups; J. C.
JdcCaskill & Co., Bainbridge, Ga.,
21,000 cups; J. H. Tallevast & Bro.,
Braidentown, Fia., 10,000 cups;D. M.
Deen & Co., Onega, Fla., 30,000 cups;
fi. H. Elarbee & Co., Elarbee, Fla.,
51,000 cups; Bay Naval Stores Co.,
Bay St. Louis, Miss., ? 0,000 cups;
AvSeesoms, Bonifay, Fla., 10,000 ?
<Jups; J. Coleman, Bonifay, Fla, j
?6,000 cups; Johnson, Cromartie & i
Co., Altoona, Fla., 21,000 cups; Nixen !
Lucas, Wedowee, Fla., 21,000 cups ; !
P. H. Baker, Campville, Fla., 1,000
cups; R. B. Lutterloh, Tallahassee,
Fia., 1,000 cups; The Ellis-Young
.Company, Savannah, Ga, 20,000 cups;
E. Y. Fry, Stockton, Ga., 1,000 cups;
W. C. Alford & Co., Cottondale, Fla.,
Mt, The unbroken forest of longleaf pine
that once extended from southern Vir?
ginia through the Sooth Atlantic and
the Gulf States to eastern Texas has
-been greatly depleted. More than half
the original forest has been exhaust
conservative turpentine op?rai
ors estimate a standing supply of
gin timber sufficient only for fift
y9ars of box cutting. The indiff?re
with which this destructive met!
was everywhere once regarded
been succeeded by a. conviction t
something must be done for the t
pentine industry, that some metl
must be found of extracting turp?n t
which will not prevent similar c
tinned operations on the same tre
The present method of boxing is ne
lessly wasteful of the products i
needlessly harmful to the forests,
"box" or cup-like cavity is cut in i
bas? of the tree to receive the re
which flows from the scarified i\
above. The box itself does not c<
tribute any"additional flow of resin ;
the contrary the deep cut, by weak*
ing the vitality of the tree, rea
lessens the flow. It is an unnecessj
wound, inflicted in the most vital pt
of the tree reducing its vigor, less?
ing its pc wer to stand against t
wind, exposing it to the attacks
disease, and furnishing an unnecessa:
ly large amount of exposed- inflaj
mable material to feed the next fi
that burns over the frest.
The future of the forest that h
been heavily turpentined by the bi
system is speedy decay and death.
The cup-and-gutter system is ful
described in Bulletin, 40, entitled "
New Method of. Turpentine Orchar
ing," just issued by the Bureau
Forestry, and by Circular 24, whi<
was sent out to tnrpentine operate
several weeks ago. Briefly, the equi
ment consists of an earthen, cup a
tached to the tree beneath its scarifie
face and serving to catch the res:
which drips from the two galvanize
iron gutters above. The earthen ct
takes the place of the injurious bo:
or hole cut in the tree, but the ne
system may be applied to boxed as we
as to unboxed timber.
The cup-and-gutter system works j
great advantage both for the turpei
tine operator and the owner of timbe
lands. It assures the former ?n in
mediate increased profit at very litt!
additional expense, and benefits tb
latter by inflicting the least possibl
damage to his timber. The^new sy?
tem has many additional advantage!
No change is necessary in the labe
of cutting faces on the trees, in whic
the negroes of the turpentine belt ai
especially skilful. The placing c
the equipment, which is extremel
simple in construction and may b
fitted to trees of all sizes, is easil
done by the regular turpentine laboi
er. It is held so firmly in place as nc
easily. to be destroyed by accident
and yet it may be easily and cheap!
removed at the end of the season.
Turpentine operators and timberlam
owners who have seen the results o
the cup-and-gutter system are enthusi
astic abont it. It means much for th
turpentine industry; much also fo
the owners of southern pine lands
who have seen their fine timber lane
laid waste by the destructive boxing, ?
method of turpentining that inflicts s<
little damage on the trees is a mos
important factor in the problem of pre
serving southern timberlands, and ai
such it marks another advance in the
progress of forestry.-Press Bnlletir
Bureau of Forestry.
Southern Patagonia as a Fanning
Civilization is claiming her own,
even in Patagonia, Punt Arenas, ox
Sandy Point (Latitude 53 degrees, ) ia
a city of five thousand inhabitants,
with banks, shops, hotels and an opera
house. The main industry of the
country is wool growing and that, in
spite of the poor transportation facili?
ties and the lack of a market for mut?
ton, is exceedingly profitable. It
j engages British capital quite ex?
tensively. It has never been supposed
I that Patagonia would ever be turned
i into a garden, but it would seem,
i from Mr. Hatcher's account, that in
? some of the river valleys at least, the
j chief bar to agricultural success is
j the lack of tillers of the soil. Con?
cerning the Bio Chico, an alluvial
j valley two hundred miles long, with
i an average breadth of five miles, Mr.
Hatcher does not hesitate to say that
if such a valley existed anywhere
within the United States, displaying
the same or similar conditions, every
acre r*f it would within five years, be
occupied by prosperous farmers, and
that it would within a period of ten
years, support a population of not less
than fifty thousand persons, with
prosperous towns connected with the
coast by an efficient railway and tele?
graph service. Some day the over?
crowded countries of the Eastern
Hemisphere may here find an outlet
for surplus population.- A?aewean
Monthly Review of Eeriews.
WILL DOUBLE TRACK.
The Southern to Spend $25,000,- j
OOO for Betterments.
President Samuel Spencer, of the J
Southern railway company, who is in I
Washington said that the road will be
double-tracked between Washington
and Atlanta, and $25,000,000 spent on
betterments, including double track?
age. It will be impossible to complete
this work in one or two years but it j
will be prosecuted, until it is finished.
Portions of the line will be doubled
tracked to relieve the present crowded
condition, and then the'-double links
will be connected.
The shops of the Southern at Alex?
andria are among the largest in the
country now, but it has been found
that more is required of them than
they are equal to at present. A con?
siderable part of the $25,000,000 will be
expended in this department of im?
provements. Additional buildings
will be erected and new improved,
machinery will be installed, requir?
ing the employment of many addition?
The double track system will allow
the Southern to operate many more
trains dai?y than formerly and new I
and fine roiling stock will be purchased 1
and placed on the line. It. is probable
that the entire schedule will be
changed. The already fast time made
between Washington and Atlanta will
be increased greatly, as there wiil*be
no delay at sidings and little or no
danger of collisions. It is also ex?
ceedingly probable that the block
signaling system will be adopted and
placed in use along the entire line.
This will be one of the greatest im?
provements of all, as it minimizes the
danger to the utmost.
Many more freight trains will bft run
when the two tracks are in service,
and articles shipped from the north
to Atlanta and New Orleans and other
points south of Washington will reach
their destination in much quicker time
than has heretofore been the case.
With the single track system freight
trains are compelled to take the sid?
ings at frequent intervals to allow the
fast passenger trains to have the right
of way, and these stops cause much
delay and inconvenience.
This change brings Atlanta and this
part of the south into closer connection
with New York and the north than
ever before, making Atlanta the
farthest southern terminus of a double
These improvements have long been
contemplated by the management ,of
the Southern, but the congestion of
traffic on the road within the past
year has rendered it absolutely neces?
sary that steps be taken at once to
remedy the trouble, and the announce?
ment that came from,President yester?
day settles the matter once and for
all. The improvements will be made,
and at a cost that assures their being
of the first magnitude. This under?
taking practically means a new rail?
road from Atlanta to Washington, and
is one of the indications of the tre?
mendous growth of the business of
the roads that enter this territory.
Texas Cattle to Africa.
A Fort Worth, Texas, dispatch says :
Richard Carrow, associated with Ma?
jor Walter de Maud of the English
army, who has a contract to furnish
the government with Texas breeding
cattle, to be used in replenishing the
war-devastated veldts of South Africa,
has left here with nine car loads of
young bulls and heifers for Pensacola,
Fla., where a ship load is now being
made up for the voyage to Durban.
The English government found that
shipments made to South Africa from
Argentine were not protfiable, as com?
pared with those made fom Texas.
The last Argentine shipments were
affected with mouth and foot disease,
and the authorities would not permit
the cattle to land, and the entire ship
load was drowned in the sea. The
previous shipments from Texas have
demonstrated the loss in transit does
not exceed i y<? per cent
Asheville, N. C., June 2.-Col.
Frank Coxe, proprietor of the Battery
Park at Hotel, died at 9 o'clock this
morning, at his Green River planta?
tion, in Rutherford County, of heart
disease. He was in splendid health
yesterday, and his death is a great
sarprise and a matter of wide regret.
He was one of the most successful men
of Westen? North Carolina, being
worth a million dollars or more.
MONEY PANlf j? CANADA. \
Banking Firm Failed for Ten Mil?
Toronto, Ont, June 2.-A. E. Ames
& Co., bankers and brokers, closed
their doors at noon today. On a win?
dow was posted the following :
"Owing to the continuous decline
in the securities market we have
found it necessary-to suspend payment
and would ask the indulgence of our
friends for a few days until we can
prepare a statement of our affairs and
decide what is best to be done.
"Ames ? Co.
The liabilities of the firm are hard
to get at, but rough estimates make
them show as follows :
To depositors* in the savings bank
branch about $200,000.
No estimate can be given of the lia?
bilities to clients whose stocks were
being carried on margins, but they
will be hundred^iof thosuands of dol-'
To bankers asa financial institutions
on stocks the liabilities, it is expect?
ed, will reach ten millions.
Liabilities under this head are se?
cured by the stook plus the margins,
so that there is no possibility of loss
to the lenders-urrless all stock values
The bank managers of the city are
optimistic. One banker said ^
"We are all right. We have looked
after ourselves and any money advanc?
ed to A. E. Ames & Co, was secured."
The assets of the firm will not be
known until their statement is given
out, but it is thought they consist of
its equities in the stocks which it has
been carrying with the help of banks
and other financial institution.
.PANIC CAUSED IN MONTREAL.
Montreal, June 2.--The worst panic
in the history of the Montreal stock
market was caused by the announce?
ment today bf the failure of A. E.
Ames & Co, of Toronto. Prices de?
clined to the lowest level of the year.
Ames is the son-in-law of Senator
Cox, one of the wealthiest men in
Canada. Cox is a director of the
Dominion Coal Company, in which
Ames & Co. are said to have been
Uncle Sam Paid for Joke.
At the time when some anxiety was
felt ia Washington regarding the
health of Governor Taft, of the
Philippines, Secretary Root cabled an
inquiry as to his condition. The Gov?
ernor anwered saying that he had just
completed a horseback journey of twen?
ty-five miles and "stood the trip
well." As Mr. Taft weighs 250
pounds, the Secretary could not resist
the temptation to inquire by cable:
"How is the horse?"
The correspondent of The New York
Sun, who is with the President's
party on the Western junket, de?
scribes an incident of the trip as fol?
lows: "The dispatches have told of the
feeling of Senator Simon of Oregon
that Mr. Roosevelt was discriminating
against Hebrews. One of the first
things that the President did after be?
ing seated at last night's banquet in
Portland was to send for Rabbi Wise,
well known in New York, and he kept
him by his side for more than half the
evening. Senator Mitchell had to sur?
render his seat in order that the Presi?
dent might have Dr. Wise with him,
Then when the populace outside the
hotel granted the request he summon?
ed Archbishop Christie to accompany
him to the platform without any other
escort, and the freedom of the nation?
al administration from religious pre?
judices was amply and decisively de?
A question of jurisdiction between
two trades widely divergent from each
other has arisen and may require some
fine splitting of hairs in its solution.
The Amalgamated Meat Cutters' and
Butcher Workmen of America have
chartered a union of pigs' feet shavers
at the stock yards, and now that all
the work of getting an organization
on a solid basis has been accomplished
the barbers step in and claim jurisdic?
tion. Walter Mathis, a member of the
State board of arbitration, has volun?
teered to settle the vexed question,
John Floresch, president of the Pack?
ing Trades council, and organizer of
the Pigs' Feet Shavers' union,
claims that the barber's contention is
far-fetched, because no soap is used in
shaving pigs' feet.-Chicago dispatch
to New York World.
BURYING VICTIMS OF TORNADO.
But Gainesville's Business Pre?
ll ceeds as Uusual.
The Dead Have Been Put Out of the
Way as Rapidly as Possible.
! Gainesville, Ga, Jane 1.-This city
has tonight practically recovered from
the stupefying effect of Monday's ter?
rible wind storm. With a large num?
ber of the dead already buried and with
the work of relief proceeding rapidly
and methodically, the streets are again
assuming their normal appearance
and the business of the community is
going on as usual. The work of the
citizens o? Gainesville, both men and
women, has been heroic in aiding
suffering, and the response-from At?
lanta and other cities, in the shape of
supplies and financial assistance, has
been no less marked. Physicians are
now here in sufficient numbers to at?
tend all the needs of the injured, but
there is yet great need for antiseptics
and other medical supplies. There
is urgent necessity for more nurses.
Physicians who have visited Gaines
j ville urge that all who are in a posi
; tion to do so volunteer their service
/ at once. Transportation and board
are being furnished all volunteers,. so~
that while there will be no compensa?
tion, except the satisfaction of doing
a noble work for suffering humanity,
there will be no expense.
Secretary of War Root has telegraph?
ed Senator Clay and Congressman Tate
that the Governor will send tents and
such other temporary assistance as
may seem necessary.
About sixty funerals of victims were
held last night and today. There was
no attempt at any sort of ceremonial ;
in many cases not even a clergyman
was present. The bodies were rapidly
consigned to the earth, with a hastily
uttered prayer or the singing of a
hymn. For half an hour almost one
funeral a minute was conducted in the
desolate village of mill cottages,
where the tornado wrought its greatest
The latest tabulation indicates that
the death total will be between 85 and
90, the estimate of 100 given last night
having been somewhat excessive. Six
more dead bodies were identified today
-Ora English, Odom Skinner, Paul
Waddell, S. D. Lo vern, Lula Jackson
and a boy named Adams. Eight dead
bodies are still unidentified.
Victor Montgomery, of Spartan burg,
S. C., president of both the Pacolet
and the Gainesville Cotton mills, said
that the Pacolet Mills would be put in
running order again at once. Con?
siderable time must, of course, elapse
before the Gainesville Mills, whose
plant was almost demolished, can be
again in operation.
Driven to Desperation.
Living at an ont of the way place, re?
mote from civilization, a family is often
driver, to desperation in case of accident,
resulting in Burns. Cuts, Wounds, Ulcers,
etc Lay in a supply of Bucklen's Arnica
Salve. It's the best on earth. 25c, at J.
F. W. DeLoTme's Drug Store.
No mau can forecast the political
situation twelve months ahead; but
just now, io the judgment of the Star,
Judge Parker and Senator Gorman
are the favorites for the Democratic
Presidential sommation. Of the two
Parker is probably the more available
j That Throbbing Headache
Would quickly leave you, if jon used
Dr. King's New Life Pills. Thousands of
suffers have proved their matchless merit
for Sick and Nervous Headaches. They
make pure blood and build up jour health.
Only 25 cents, money back if not cured.
Sold by J. F. W. DeLorme, Druggist.
Anderson, June 2.-The storm here
yesterday cut off ail telegraphic com?
munication until today. George Ham
mick was killed by lightning on the
piazza of his home at Orr Mills. The
house was badly tom up, but no one
else was hurt. Hammick was about
25 years old and leaves a young wife.
Kodol Gives Strength
by enabling the digestive organs to digest,
assimilate ana transform all the whole?
some food that may by eaten into the |
kind of blood that nourishes the nerves,
feeds the tissues, hardens the muscles and
recuperates the organs of the entire body.
Kodol Dyspepsia Core cures indigestion,
dyspepsia, catarrh of the stomach and all
stomach disorders. Sold by J. S. Hushson
ANOTHER MISSISSIPPI FLOOD.
Crest of the Freshet Approach?
ing St. Louis.
The Gauge Wednesday Night Marked
31.7 Feet and a Rise of 35 Feet is
St. Louis, June 3-Slowly the Mis?
sissippi River crept up the levee today
inch by inch, until, between sunrise
and sunset the gauge marked a rise
of six inches and tonight stood at 31.7
feet. Tlie surface of the flowing water
was thickly strewn with driftwood,
which seemed to increase as the day
drew on, indicating that the crest of
the flood is approaching. A number
of frame houses, submerged to the
roofs, passed St. Louis, and now and
then a dead animal, but no human
bodies were seen, although a vigilant
watch has been maintained.
Harbor department officials look for
a thirty-five foot stage by Saturday.
In South St. Louis several houses
along the river's edge have been
flooded, but the occupants have re?
moved their property and vacated. On
the Illinois side there is a more serious
flood condition. Venice, situated north
of East St. Louis, is in almost im?
mediate danger of inundation. A rise
of one foot more will submerge the
.west portion of the town and manu?
facturing industries will Suffer heavy
Between Venice and East St. Louis
is a low land area used as farming
lands. Water now covers this area to
a depth of 12 feet, forming a lake
about a mile square. Many "squat?
ter" families have been forced out,
leaving everything behind.
People along the river have received
general warning, and it is believed
that all in danger- have escaped to
RUSSIAN JEWS imune.
Committee in Odessa Organizes the
Jews for Self-Protection in
Case of Riots.
Berlin, June 3.-Advices received
here from Odessa, u^der date of May
28, say the Jews are now prepared to
defend themselves intelligently. Sev?
eral thousand revolvers have been im?
ported since the Kishineff massacre,
so that at present almsost every Jew,
man or woman is armed. These who
were unable to buy weapons received
them as gifts from the defence com?
mittee. A system of communication
has also been agreed upon, so as- to
spread a warning throughout the city
when there is an outbreak of violence
in any quarter. Families residing
near each other will concentrate fer
defence, and every second man will
join what might be called au expedi?
tionary corps, to take part in aggres?
sive defence where rioting is actually
going on. The Jewish safety commit?
tee is also reported to have arranged
with the workingmen's associations for
aid in the event of outbreaks. Arms
have been distributed from Odessa to
the Jews in other cities of Russia.
The Tageblatt today prints a dis?
patch from St. Petersburg; announc?
ing that a law was published there
this day, giving a list of 101 towns in
Russia in which Jews are allowed tc
acquire land and live without restric?
tion. Jews are temporarily forbidden
to buy land outside these places,,
where they will be legally settled.
There is a Frenchman in New York'
who says he has discovered a process;
for making a substitute for kerosene1
from water, at a cost of one cent a gal?
lon which gives five times as much
light and heat as kerosene. That is
the fellow we have been looking for for
?>ome time. John Rockefeller has been
putting on too many airs since he has
become a multi-millionaire.
Worst of all Experiences.
Can anything be worse than to feel that
every minute will be your last ? Such was
the experience of Mrs. S. H. Newson, De?
catur, Ala. "For three years" she writes.
4iI endured insufferable pain, from indi?
gestion, stomach and bowel trouble. Death
seemed inevitable when doctors and all
remedies failed. At length I was induced
to try Electric Bitters and the result was
miraculous. I improved at once and now
Fm completely recovered." For Liver,
Kidney, Stomach and Bowel troubles Elec?
tric Bitters is the only Medicine. It's
guaranteed by J. F. W. DeLorme, Druggist.