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TS! SUMTES WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850?
Cosolidated Aug. 2> 1881.
"Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thon Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. JULY 29, 1903,
THE TKCE SOCTEISON, Established Jane, ISO
Sew Series-Vol. XXII. No, 52
World's Clreatet and Beit
T. B. Jenkins,
ftt??st?ud Sro? TTedsesday,
B3? Gk Osteen,
SUMTER, S,. C.
$i 50 pe: ano am-ia advance.
Ose Square fi wt insertion...................$l 00
?very subsequent issertion......... ......... 50
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oe made at red iced rates.
All commani cations wbicfc nubserve pr?vate
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Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
LEE, TBE PATRIOT.
Rev. Lyman Abbott Endorses Judge
Emory Speers Estimate of Ge??
oral Robert E. Les.
The following editorial in the Out?
look of July il will indicate th? im?
pression mada on the liberal thought
of she country by Judge Speer's Emory
college addrsss on General Lee:
"The Loyalty of Robert E. Lee,"
* ' At the commeneemen t exercises of ;
Emory college, at Oxford, Ga., Judge
Emory Speeir made an eloquent plea
fcr^the honoring of Robert E. Lee, the
commander of the Confederate armies,
as a national, hero. After a brief ac?
count of General Lee's ancestry and
education, andan explanation cf the
motives which determined his decision
to support the Confederate cause in
spite of his dread and hatTed of dis?
union, Judge Speer sketched in warm
and vivid southern phrase his career
'and comportment during the war, and
recounting incidents and estimates
throwing light on his character, at
once spiritual and human, chivalrous
and practical, aggressive and unsel?
fish, brave and mild, immole and
dignified, concluded with an appeal
to the nation to accept Lae among the
great patriote of America.
We -call attention to this ?peech of
Judge Speer's not simply because of
the honor it offers to a man who was
worthy of admiration equally for his
consummate military genius, his gentle
courtliness and his high Christian
character, but more espes?% because
of the explanation which it offers for
the -ec.-c.rse of a man of these 'qualities
in leading armed forces against his
Robert E. l?ee was never an advocate
of secession. He was a. devoted sup?
porter of the Constitution and an earn?
est believer in the Union. When the
acts of secession were passed and. the
Union was menaced, ire was distressed
and dismayed as truly as any northern?
er. In a letter to his wife in January,
1861, from which Judge Speer quotes,
he says of Washington: "How his
spirit womld <be grieved couid be see
the wreck of bis mighty labors! I will
- not, however, permit myself to believe,
until ail grounds of hope are gone,
that the frail of his nobie deeds will
be destroyed and his precious advice
and virtuous example will soon be for?
gotten." And again, writing on the
same day, he says of the dissolution
of the union that it would be the great?
est of calamities, "an accumulation of
ail the evils we complain of," and
"nothing bat revolution." Judge
Speer, himself a southern man, sums
up Lee's attitude with these words:
"He knew i;hat so soon as the cohe?
sive influence of present danger was
withdrawn, the states to compose the
Confederacy might again separate. He
clearly faw that instead of a proud
and united nation, which was winning
the admiration and commanding the
respect of the world, the American
states, North and South, might soon
present a shameful spectacle, the de?
spair of the friends of popular govern?
ment everywhere, a snarl of wrangling
communities. * * *
" He might have seen the soil of the
opposing republics in war after war
drenched in fratricidal blood * * ' *?
and the genius of American freedom
perish by the folly and fury of those
who once worshipped at her shrine."
For a man with such devotion for
the Union and such dread of anything
that might destroy it to give himself
to the cause which aimed at its de?
struction would have been absolutely
impossible, except for the strongest
conceivable motive. Robert E. Lee
found that motive in his loyalty te
his conviction*. No motive of self-ad?
vancement and personal glory could
move bim even when coupled wbith
his belief in the prime importance of
the Union. He was offered the com?
mand of the armies of the Union io
which he believed passionately but
answered the messenger from Presi?
dent' Lincoln with tbe exclamation :
"Mr. Blair, I look upon secession as
anarchy. If I owned the four million
slaves in the south, I would sacrifice
them all to the Union ; but how can
I draw my slword upon Virginia, my
native state?'" To him duty meant
duty to his state ; honor meant going
with his state to victory or defeat
We can well believe that he inflicted
upon his own sensitive soul wounds
which never wholly healed^ when he
took up tiie cause of disunion, which -
he dreaded, the cause of anarchy,
which he denouned, for the sake of ^
the state to which he felt himself in
highest duty bound to cleave.
It is hardly possible that any man
in the north could have gone through
the spiritual struggle that Robert
E. Lee went through during the days
when war was threatened. In the north
those men that wavered were choosing
! between a low motive and a high one.
Robert E. Lee was beset by two con
fticting high motives. That he
chose to follow that high motive
which kept him with his state. The
Outlook believes to haye been an error
of political judgment but it was not
an error of political morality. He
who is loyal cannot be a traitor, and
Lee and the men of his stamp were
loyal to their conscientious convictions
as were the men who fought against
them. The test of patriotism, like
the test of any other moral quality,
is not sucess, but loyalty to conviction ;
and by that test Robert E. Lee stand3
today among the purest, though
among the most tragically misled and
misunderstood of aptriots.
One of the most pathetic, from one
point of view, from another one of the
most stimulating and enlightening, ut?
terances that have come to us from the
desperate day "before the breaking out
of the war is in a letter ic which Lee
mentions his own son, an officer in
the regular army at the time: * 'The
times are indeed calamitous. The
brightness of God's countenance seems
turned from us, and His mercy stopped
in its blissful current. Tell ?ustis he
must consult his own judgment, rea?
son and conscience as to the course
he may take. I do _ot wish him to be
guided by my wishes ??r example. If
I have done wrong, let him do -better.
The present is a momentous question,
which every man must settle for him?
self, and upon principle.""
The man who wrote these words can
teach lessons of patriotism to America
of today. The defeat of his armies,
which meant triumph to the south as
well as to the north, may have changed
his conception, of what duty to his
country signified but his loyalty to
that duty as he conceived it was as
steadfast as after his defeat. It is such
steadfast loyalty that is the essence of
At some other time we may inquire
into the nature of the two diverse
conceptions of patriotism which con?
tended for supremacy during the days
of the civil warr. It is our purpose
here to emphasize the truth that
others who were loyal to the one con?
ception were as truly patriots as those
who . were loyal to the other. The
real issue was not between patriotism
and want of it, but between two
forms of patriotism, one ? state,
the other national. If willing?
ness to sacrifice what is passionate?
ly prized next to honor itself is any
criterion as to the degree of patriotism
that begets such sacrifice, then those
southerners of whom Robert E. .Lee is
the type are to be counted among the
patriots whose lives constitute the
real riches of the nation."
GEN. CASSIUS CLAY DEAD.
Louisville, Ky., July 22.-A tele?
phone message from Richmond, Ky.,
Hon. Cassius M. Clay, the "sage of
White Hall," former minister to
Russia, and a widely known Ken?
tuckian died at his home at White
Hall at 9.10 o'clock tonight. His chil?
dren are all at his bedside. Some of
them have not been in their fathers'
house or seen him in years because of
his peculiar hallucination that thy
are in a vendetta sworn to kill him.
Fire at Heath Springs.
Keshaw, July 22.-At 11.30 o'clock
last night fire destroyed five stores,
one livery stable, the depot and ali the
warehouses at Heath Spriings.
The fire is supposed to have started
in a vacant store where some boys
were seen smoking.
OFFERS Ble REWARD.
Expresses His Indignation Over
the Killing of Dennis Head
In Lexington County,
Columbia, July 22.-Gov. Hey ward
returned to the city yesterday, and
in an interview regarding the recent
killing in Aiken county of Dennis
Head, the negro, said:
"The recent kiUingf~-of Deoabi.
Head by a mob in Aiken county is f_e
climax of a spirit of lawlessness
which means danger and disgrace to
South .Carolina. I shall administer to
the perpetrators of such . an inhuman
outrage as stern a rebuke and as con?
dign punishment as are afforded by,
the laws'of the State of South Caro-1
lina. -1 fully realiz that nothing can
be done until the identity of the slay- j
ers has been revealed. That those
who committed such a deed keep in
the dark is self acknowledged guilt.
Every aid that the law affords to ap?
prehend and punish the guilty parties
will be invoked and I shall do my ut?
most to see that the law is vindicated.
In order to further this to the very
best of my ability and for the addi?
tional reason that a determined effort
shall be made and kept up I have
offered a reward of $500 f?jj^the ap?
prehension and conviction or'the par?
ties who committed this deed.
"I have written to Solicitor Davis
informing him of the situation as I
have gathered it from the newspapers.
I regret to . say that, though I have
waited several days for official notice
regarding this lawless act, not one
report has reached me through the
officers of the law. I am very indignant
about this killing. There seems to
have been no reason whatever for
such a crime and the action of the
guilty parties is entirely indefensible.
Bessemer asd His Work.
"Forty-eight years ago the metal?
lurgical world of that time was great?
ly startled by the announcement that
a Mr. Henry Bessemer proposed to
read a paper at the meeting of the
Britisli Association on the manufac?
ture of steel without fuel. Its was
natural that such & paper should eeroke
general interest and much increduli?
ty," says the London Iron and Coal
Trades Review. ""The only descrip?
tions of steel then produced were the
crucible and puddled varieties, both
of which required a large consumption
of fuel. The total quantity of steel
produced throughout the world ?was
hardly more than 5,BO,000 tons. More
than one-third of this quantity was
produced in Great Britain. The re?
mainder was made chiefly ia R_ss?a,
France, Sweden and Germany. The
, United States pro?aeed one at all.
The cost of the manufacture of the
pre-Bessemer steel was so great that it
could only be applied in homeopathic
doses to such industries as cutlery,
where the selling price of the ultimate
product was very high. The idea of
producing steel witho_t fuel natural?
ly, in these circumstances, opened up
a vista of possibilities that have since
then been more than folly realized.
Today a single average American Bes?
semer plant will produce, and does pro?
duce, almost as much stael in a single
month as all the countries of the
world then produced in a whole year.
The cost of producing steel prior to
Bessemer's invention was from ?30 to
?70 per ton, according to its .quality.
By the Bessemer process, steel equal?
ly suitable for many purposes lia? been,
and is daily being, produced for ?3
per ton, and the railroads of the
world are almost universally laid with
rails made by Bessemer's process.'*
Washington, Juiy 22.-Charles
Hedges today was removed from the
office of superintendent of free delivery
of the postoffice department
on the charge of falsifying his diary
and loaning his travelling commission.
It is charged that he reported himself
at various places, when, in fact, he
was not at those places on the dates
mentioned, in some instances being
hundreds of miles away.
Habana, July 22.-When the remain?
ing United States troops leave here
they will be escorted by a Cuban de?
tachment and will be thanked and
congratulated by President Palma for
their exemplary conduct. The govern?
ment is proceeding with the negotia?
tions for the purchase of the private
lands within the naval station's area.
KING EDWARD IN IRELAND.
Crowds Line the Route of King
Edward and His Company.
The King Makes a Special Reply to the
Committee Presenting the Address
of the City of Dublin and a
Joint Repfy to the Other
Dubiln, July 22.-King Edward and
Queen Alexandria, accompanied by the
Jord lieutenant, the Earl of Dudley,
and Princess Victoria, their suites
and other officials, drove from the vice
regal lodge to the castle, which they
reached shortly before ll o'clock this
morning. Crowds along the route
greeted their Majesties with continu?
The King, who wore a field mar?
shal's uniform, received in the throne
room a large number of deputations
prior to the levee, which opened at
Altogether sixty-three deputations
presented addresses. Replying to the
Dub?in citizens' committee, the King
said there was no part of his dominions
in which he took greater interest than
Ireland. The Queen and himself
had long been in sympathy with the
movements tending to advance the
social and material well-being of the
Replying jointly to the other ad?
dresses his Majesty said he rejoiced to
hear of the awakened spirit of hope
and enterprise among his Irish people,
which was full of promise for the fu?
ture. It would be a source of profound
happiness to him if his reign was
coincident with a new era of social
peace and industrial and commercial
progress for Ireland. After the levee
the King returned to the vice regal
lodge, where he was joined by the
Maude Gonne (Mrs. McBride) hung
a black flag outside her residence yes?
terday, in memory of the Pope, she
said. It was pulled down by the
police, whereupon Maude Gonne, sup?
ported by lady friends, hung out an?
other black,flag, and, arming them?
selves with pokers and boiling water,
defied the police, t who summoned re?
inforcements. But they made no fur?
ther attempt to haul down the flag,
which was again displayed today.
IFS UP TO ROOSEVELT.
Washington, July 22.-President
Barrett, of the local organization of
bookbinders, today announced that
every bookbinder in the Government
printing office and the members, of
the allied unions will quit work if
W. A. Miller, assistant foreman in the
Government printing office, whose
dismissal from that office the Presi?
dent recently revoked, is permitted to
resume work. The union gave .oat a
statement reciting the developments
in the case and charging Miller with
using scurrilous language about
those employed under him and slander?
ing the bookbinders' organization, of
which ke was a member.
The statement says that the trouble
originated in charges against Miller^
that the charge was considered by a
committee employed to adjust differ?
ences; that Miller not only refused to;
make an explanation to a member of
the committee deputized to call on
him, but spoke in an insulting man?
ner. "Our organization," the state?
ment recites, "does not or cannot
dictate the policy of conducting the
affairs of the bindery in the Govern?
ment printing office. Miller's methods
were the most unbusinesslike of any
foreman in the office and his tactics in
punishing men under him were con?
temptible. In office and public places
he made use of scurrilous and abusive
epithets about employees, causing a
distrust in his division as to perman?
ence of employment."
He also is charged by the anion with
having sought to influence legislation
derogatory to the interetss of the
society. The statement closes as fol?
"The union has never requested Mr.
Miller's discharge from the Govern?
ment printing office. It should be
noted, however, that our constitution
forbids us to work with a suspended
or expelled member. We learned that
Mr. Miller had been discharged on
legal charges preferred by the public
printer in accordance with the civil
service laws. Our evidence clearly de?
monstrated that he had continually
abused the public printer in public
places." The statement makes per?
sonal allegations against Miller, and
says that affidavits have been placed
in the hands of the proper officials for
full and complete investigation:
Mr. Miller is now in Minneapolis.
The United States Allowed to Ap?
peal lo British Privy Council.
Lnodon, July 22.-The case of the
United States for the extradition from
Canada of John F. Gaynor and W. B.
Greene came up this morning before
the privy council on the petitionof the
United States for leave to appeal. Sir
Edward Clarke, for the petitioners,
presented the case. Counsel, in?
structed by Charles Russell, for the
respondents, said important law points
were involved. The respondents not
only welcomed, but were anxious to
have the matter finally disposed of,
though they did not admit the state?
ments alleged in the petition. The
Lord Chancellor granted leave to ap?
Quebec, July 22.-The cablegrams
received here today from London in
regard to the Gaynor-Greene affair are
rather contradictory. At Mr.
Tascherau's office a cablegram was re?
ceived stating that counsel for the ac?
cused consented to the granting of the
appeal as they wished to have the
matter finally disposed of by the privy
At Mr. MacMaster's office a cable?
gram was received stating that the
privy council have granted leave to ap?
peal, and :hat the lord chancellor had
stated the offence charged with clearly
Washington, July 22.-A cablegram
has been received here from Mr. Mc
Master, Canadian counsel for the
United States, in the Greene and
Gaynor case,^announcing the granting
of the leave fo appeal.
While i: is not possible to state ac?
curately the immediate effect of the
judgment of the privy council, it is
regarded as a notable victory for the
United States. The case will now go
up on appeal, for deliberate considera?
tion of all the questions involved, from
the decision of the single Canadian
Judge to the privy council of England.
The final result is the surrender of
Greene and Gaynor by the Canadian
authorities; is foreshadowed.
A case came to light that for persistent
and unmerciful torture has perhaps never
been equalled. Joe Golobick of Colusa,
Calif., writes "For fifteen years I endured
insufferable pain from Rheumatism and
nothing relieved me though I tried every?
thing known. I came acros3 Electric Bit?
ters and it's the greatest medicine on
earth for that trouble. A few bottles of
it completely relieved and enred me."
Just as good for Liver and Kidney trou?
bles and general debility. Only 50c. Sat?
isfaction guaranteed by J. F.W. DeLorme
Why the Ham *is Salty.
tkWe are having many complaints
about the unusual saltiness of ham,
bacon and canned goods this sum?
mer," said a local butcher who does a
large family trade. "I suppose it
is the same everywhere else. Stand?
ard goods that we have been able to
recommend for years arc salt as brine
now. The packing houses tell us that
it is because they are no longer per?
mitted to use the preservatives that got
such a raking over the coals after the
Spanish war. They simply must
pile on the salt or their ham and bacon j
won't keep. The packers will be
obliged to find some way out of the
difficulty, or they will have to go out
of business altogether. In the trade
weare noticing the falling off in or?
ders from hotels and restaurants. No
man wants a rasher of bacon or a slice
of ham for breakfast if it is going to
send him round with a raging thirst
all day."-Philadelphia Ledger.
Night Was Her Terror.
"I would cough nearly all night long,"
writes Mrs. Chas. Applegate, of Alexand?
ria, Ind., "and could hardly get any sleep.
I had consumption so bad that if I walked
a block I would cough frightfully and
spit blood. but, when all other medicines
failed, three $1.00 bottles of Dr. King's
New Discovery wholly cured me and I
gained ;>8 pounds." It's absolutely guar?
anteed to cure Coughs, Colds, La Grippe,
Bronchitis and all Throat and Lung Trou?
bles. Trial bottles free at J. F. W. De
Lorme's drug store. j
FLIIK-FUMMED- BY RUSSIA.
Secretary Hay is Either Deciev
ed or Has Been Tamed-No
Open Ports in Manchuria.
Washington, Jnly 22.- Notwithstand?
ing the publication of dispatches from
various foreign cities questioning the
extent of the promises made to the
American Government by China and
Russia, respecting Manchuria, the
officials here^positively decline to add
to or take one word from the state?
ment published from Washington just
before the departure of Secretary Hay,
to the effect that satisfactory assur?
ances had been recieved that two or
more Manchurian ports would be
opened to i;he world's trade. It is quite
certain that China, which is here re?
garded as the sovereign power in
Manchuria, made these pledges, and
it is equally certain that the United
States Government fully intends that
they shall be kept. The detatiis re
fered to in the original statement as
requiring adjustment are still unset?
tled, but the State department is
patient, resting in full confidence of
the opening of the ports required
within a reasonable length of time. It
is true, as stated in the London dis?
patches, that Japan looks with sus?
picion upon the Russian pledges re-"
lative to Manchuria, and has in?
timated to the State department that
they are not satisfactory, but so far
the department sees no reason to ac?
cept that view.
WHERE IS MR. HAY NOW?
Pekin, July 22.-Prince Ching, the
president of the foreign office, has
written to United States Minister Con?
ger refusing to open towns in Man?
churia. Ir. his letter te dwells upon
the impossibility cf China opening io
foreigners towns which are not in her
possession, but which are held by
Russian tr Oops, and points out the
complications which would be likely
It is believed here, however, that a
compromise may be reached by includ?
ing one town-Ta Tung Kao-in the
new commercial treaty.
Washington, July 22.-Inasmuch as
the Chinese Government, recently has
expressed rte willingness to yield to
the desires of the United States for
open ports in Manchuria, the officials
here are at a loss to understand the
communication sent by Prince Ching
to Minister Conger refusingg this con?
cession. They have received nc ad?
vices on the subject.
The Man Who Works.
Young man, you say you haven't
been giver a fair chance in Iii? to
make something of yourself ? Look at
William E. Corey, who has just been
elected president of the United States
Steel Corporation- at a salary that
would make a man rich in a few years.
Do you think he had a "pull?"
He did. Fifteen years ago Corey
was pushing a wheelbarrow in the
yards of one of Carneige's mills at
Braddock. And this wag bis 't?s&>""
He wheeled so much r?iore ison, in as
day than the men at his elbow that
he was soor made foreman over th*n;..
In other words Corey wasn't afraid te?
"do $2 worth of work for a dollar,?J
a fear that besets many young men tG
When Corey became foreman it was
noticed that he got twice as much
work out of his men as the other fore?
man. He didn't swear at his men.
They never grumbled at their boss.
They respected him. Carnegie began
promoting Gorey. And Corey worked
hard. He .aad only a fair common
school education. He studied at night.
He took up a course in a correspon?
dence school. In time he became an
expert chemist. By and by he was an
authority on armor plate. He knew
more of armor plate than any one in
the mills. There was only one thing
for Carnegie to do. He made Corev
superintendent of that department.
Corey increased the output. That's
all. Only much more iron than the
man at his elbow."
Working Night and Day.
The busiest and mightiest little thing
that ever was made is Dr King's New Life
Pills. These pills change weakness into
strength, listlessness into energy, brain?
fag into mental power. They're wonder?
ful in bnilding up the health. Only 25.
per box. Sold by J. F. W. DeLonnec