Newspaper Page Text
The following is the address of Mr.
J. Arthur Banks delivered before the
Good Roads Convention, in this - city,
on Saturday, July 25fch :
Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of
The value of good roads has been
recognized by thoughtful minds in
ail ages. The two most ancient cen?
ters of civilization, Memphis and
Babylon, were connected by a com?
mercial and military highway over
which passed with ease and dispatch
the commerce and the armies of
those people in the early dawn of
history. Information comes down
to us of roads built by the Cartha?
ginians, that great people who
caused the warlike nations of Greece
and Italy to tremble in the time of
History tells ns that "all roads led
to Borne," and the explanation of
bow she "sat upon her seven hills
and ru?ed the world" may be found
in the fact that from her gates ex?
tended twenty-nine magnificent
highways through all portions of the .
then civilized world, mighty arteries'
of trade through which poured a con?
stant stream of wealth, and over
. which her legions moved with ease
and rapidity to her most distant
The most magnificent road per?
haps of all time was the Appian way,
so named from having been project?
ed by Appius Claudius, a celebrated
Roman 312 years before the begin?
ning of the Christian era, and com?
pleted 282 years later. This road was
350 miles in length, and for a dist?
ance of 30 miles from Borne was
decorated on either side by splendid
mansions, temples and tombs. These
edifices are mostly crumbled to dust,
but so perfectly was this road con?
structed that it still remains, many
sections unimpaired, by the ruthless
hand of time, a silent, hut enduring
-monument to the greatness of the
people who built it.
It is a significant fact that tbe
.greatest people have ever been the
greatest road builders. That might-1
iest intellectual giant who has ever
lived in the-"tide of times," Napo?
leon Bonaparte, was the greatest in?
dividual road builder of ali time.
Soon after his French battalions had
brought Europe to his feet and bis
word had become law over all civil?
ized people except the . sturdy
Britons - and the glorious Ameri?
cans, his transcendent energies were
turned toward the civil, industrial,
and commercial problems of France,
and the greatest and most enduring
work accomplished by him in the
short intervals of peace which he en?
joyed was the building of roads. The
?Simpl?n Pass, a road 300 miles long, ?
built across the Alps at a cost of
three and a quarter million dollars,
and connecting Geneva, Switzer?
land, with Milan, Italy, stands to?
day a silent witness to bis great?
But the question arises, if road
building is an evidence of greatness, j
why is it that we Americans, who
combine the qualities of the Greek
and Romans, with all that is best of
every other people, have such a
slight appreciation of good roads.
The question is all right, but the as?
sumption upon which it is based is
not true. No people ever lived who
had anything like the appreciation
of good roads aa we, we are the moat
persistent and indefatigable road
builders of all ages,. but we' don't
build them of earth or stone.
-"We hear no more of clanging hoofs
And the stage coach rattling by,
Por the steam king rules the travel?
And the old pike's left to die."
We have moved forward on the
road of progress, our roads are built
of steel, our ?teeds are the rushing
locomotive, with breath of flame and
speed of the wind, onr means of com?
munication is the lightning's flash.
We have learned the value of time
and almost annihilated space, it is
only 22 hours to New York, about
10 hours across the continent? and
three or four days across the Atlan?
tic. It requires but the fractional
, part of a second to speak to a person
in any part of this vast country.
Events transpiring in the most dis?
tant part of the world to-day will be
read in our newspapers to-morrow
morning. The wonderful forces of
sature being dally revealed by
scientific research are giving enor?
mous impetus to the world's develop?
ment and hastening the time wheo
communication will be instantan?
eous and universal.
And while this is all true the stern
face remains that you are as far
away from your school house, your
church, and your market as your
grandfather was a hundred years
ago. Progress has been made in all
departments of human effort except
ene-the department of our country
roads. We will not take time to d is?
cuss why this is true, but will state
some practical and. simple reasons
why it should not be allowed to con?
The value of good roads financial?
ly, educationally, socially, and re?
ligiously is apparent to any one who
.""Se subject thoughtful consld
The matter is one that is
?l?ir? ?**f'gerate, forjthe farther
peg into it the more value he
HF I will only consider the flnan
^Hraspect cf the subject. What
good roads will cost you and what
they will pay you in dollars and
cents, and let you decide whether
the margin of profit is sufficient to
tempt you to invest.
There are two classes of good roads
being built iti the south to-day. One,
the macadam, built of crushed rock
at a cost of anywhere from two to
ten thousand dollars per mile; the
other is what is known as the sand
and clay road, which can be built at
a cost of two to three hundred dol?
lars per mile. The macadam road is
very desirable immediately adjoin
ing large cen ters?of trade where the
travel in all weather is constant and
the loads heavy, but on 95 per ceiit.
of the roads in Sumter county I be?
lieve that the sand-clay roads, such
as are being built in Richland
county, and which haye made that
county famous everywhere in this
country where good roads are being
considered, would serve just as good
purpose as the more expensive
macadam or crashed rock road.
One who has never seen these
Bichland county roads can hardly
form an adequate conception of how
firm and smooth a road cati be built
skillful misture of sand and
?Mr. Owens, the Richland c<
supervisor, who by the way
'father of the good roads move
in his county, and so much a
ciated for his work that he see
hold a life tenure of his office, i
me over a section of his roads !
two years ago which had been
three years; it was almost as
and smooth as a brick pavemen
he told me that the cost of ke<
it in repair was almost nothing,
also told me that the property i
that road had doubled, and in i
cases quadrupled in value di
those three years ; that farmers I
ed wood into Columbia over it a
tance of twelve and fifteen m
that where two bales of cotton
considered a load through the
beds as they existed before impi
ment, a load of six bales was ha
wish more ease and in less time,
that now ten miles an hour
horse and baggy was ordlnary^trf
ing when before to drive four to
miles was good traveling.
. Shortly after my visit to Rich
the Business League of my t
raised $200 to build a Band-clay :
as an object lesson, and hayio
farm three miles from town wit
\ heavy sand road intervening, I
posed to add $100 if they would b
the experiment in my direct
j Thia was agreed to and the i
baiit. It is not an ideal road,b
built three miles long at a cos?
$600.00 or $200.00 per mile, whe
perfect road weald have cost ai
$900.00, but it is so infinitely sape
to the sand that I am abunda
pleased. I invested $300 on the tl
miles of road and it is paying ra
better .dividend than any other
vestment which I have. It ss
time, and time is money. I h
hauled five bales of cotton, in
[ seed co the gin in St. Matthews c
it on one load. On a hot sam:
evening I can drive to my farm
twenty min?tes with more ease t
I could before in an hour. I am s
that it has added a thousand dol
to the value of the place to whici
leads, and I speak only the sin:
truth when I tell you I would
have it transformed into the Si
bed as formerly for twice a thoasi
dollars. Please bear this fact
' mind: .while! spent $300.00, if
road had been built by an eqaa
system of taxation the cost to
would not h?ve been one-te nth
that arnon nt.
The subject of good pnblic road
being considered to-day more tl
at any time since our stage coac
gave place to roads of steel ?
steeds of flame. Everyone who i
taken thought of the matter agr
as to their importance and econoi
cal value, but differences of opin
arise as to the ways and means. '.
plan is for the different counties
borrow money and build the rca
Ali classes alike enjoy the bene
let ail classes bear their proper p
portion of expense. There is
question of pnblic good which
nearly touches all classes alike
this. Our school honses are for
straction, oar churches for worsh
pers, oar jails for criminals, our p<
booses for panpers, oar theatres
pleasure seekers, oar court hom
for litigants,.but onr roads are i
all-men and women, old and youi
rieb and poor, sick and well, m<
chan; and farmer,hanker and ms
ufactarer, landlord and laborer ea
and all are benefited by good roa<
Experience has proven that the m<
satisfactory plan to raise money 1
public use is to issue bonds and s
them in the markets. When o
national government needs mon
it sells bonds, when oar state nee
money it sells bonds, and when o
municipal governments need mon
for street improvement, water worl
lights, etc., they sell bonds, sehe
districts sell bonds, for baildii
school houses, railroads and o th
monied corporations sell bonds, ai
my plan is for Sumter county to i
sae $300,000 worth of 5 per cei
bonds. If you can sell at 4 per cei
or 3 per cent, so mach the better, ai
right here let me say that Mr. W. 1
Moore, president of the Nation
Good Roads Association, stated in
speech at Birmingham, Alabam
that he was working on a plan to g
money for this purpose at 3 per eec
which will, if he succeeds, and
have no donbt bat he will, redui
the taxation figures that I will gr
yon 40 per cent. There are 1,0
miles of pnblic roads in Samt
couoty. $300,000 will be ample
build good sand-clay roads on evei
mile and good macadam roac
wherever necessary. The yearly ii
terest on these bonds at 5 per cen
will amonnt to $15,000. requiring
tax levy of jost a little less than 3;
mills to meet it. Bm some one asl
how about the money to retire thes
bonds? My answer is, let the bone
be refunded when they reach matu
ity; the roads are for all future tim<
let the future bear its part of the ea
Let us make an application of thi
idea as it affects the individual prop
erty owner. We will suppose th
case of a farmer living say ten mile
from market. We will suppose tha
he owns 200 acres of laud, thre
mules, wagons, a cow or two, an
other farm and home necessarie
and that he returns this property fo
taxation at $1,000. His proportion o
this tax for good roads would amoun
to a year. Now, for this $3>
which he pays out, what does he ge
in return? Everyone will agree i
he didn't get a cent in return tha
the pleasure of having a good roa(
to ride over whenever he goes ti
market or elsewhere would mon
than compensate him for the $3?
But this is not all ; he saves time aiic
time is money.
Ev?ry progressive man knows th<
money value of time, and my brother
if you do not, it is time you were
learning, for life is a success just it:
proportion as you value the truth ol
this great principle, that time is the
creative and not the creatied princi?
ple of life, that you can turn nothing
into time, but you can turn time into
everything that is valuable. We
will "suppose that this fanner plants
with his three plows 50 acres in cot?
ton aud 50 acres in other crops, a
total of 100 acres; that he uses 200
pounds of fertilizer per acre making:
ten tons in all, and snakes 80 bales of
cotton. My observation shows that
an average load of fertilizer over the
roads in their present Condition is
seven to eight sacks and the average
load of cotton hauled to market is
three bales, taking in ail twenty-four
days to haul his fertilizer and mar?
ket his cotton. Now I submit that a
pair of mules and one hand is worth
$1.50 per day on a farm every da
the year. Of course they are ofi
time's worth many times I
amount, but never less. They
worth more than that to haul st:
on a rainy day, and sometimes wc
that much or more to give then
day's rest, and in this day of d
plowing and thorough tillage dur
fall and winter there is no tell
how much they are worth; $1.50
day for 24 days makes $36.00. K
on a good road, such as $300 per n
will build, one and a half tons of ;
tilizer and six bales of cotton is
light two-horse load. So the sav
to this individual farmer OH th
two items alone is 12 days, or $18
Out of this saving he can pay his $
tax and have a balance clear of $14
Can anybody tell me where anot
investment can be fonnd that \
paya yearly dividend of 300 ]
cent? I have mentioned only t
items, the hauling of cotton and f
tilizer, nothing has been said afr
the hauling of cotton seed to the
mills and the meal given in i
change, nothing about the half di
which may be saved in the wee!
trips to market with peas, chicke
eggs, water melons, peaches, and I
varions other surplus farm prod ni
which all live farmers make to
greater or less degree.
It is not a question as to how mu
the good roads will cost, the gr<
consideration is, what are our b
roads costing. The cost of gn
roads is a mere trifle, the cost of b
roads is a serious obstacle to hum
progress. A stretch of boggy roa
often costs broken harness, damag
vehicles and sometimes the stri
and injury of a valuable horse.
It is said that when Henry Cl;
was a boy living in Hanover count
Va., he was swinging on the gate
front of his home one morning wh
a stranger accosted him and ask
the distance to Bichmond. The d
tance was given, and being at t
forks of the road the stranger ask
whieh road to take. The fntu
statesman replied: "The distance
the same and it makes not t
slightest difference which road y
take,.for before yon get half way y<
will wish you had taken the other
And the same condition prevails
our country to-day; the roads are
bad as they were in the boyhood da;
of Henry* Clay. It matters n
which road you take, before you g
half way you will wish you had taki
In a speech delivered before a go<
roads convention at Greenvill
Tenn., Nov. 12,1901, Mr. M. O. E
dridge, assistant director of tl
office of public road inquiries of ti
United States government made th
statement, referring to Mecklenbei
county, N. C: "This county" hi
made more progress and h a
built more miles of road under th
system than any other county in tl
TJ: S. Twelve bales of cotton can I
easily drawn over the stone roads i
this county where formerly two bali
was a good load. Since the goc
roads have been built farm lane
have advanced in value from $12 an
$15 per acre to $75 and $100 per acr
and I notice from a recent dispatc
that the county is soon to issue ai
other $200,000 worth of bonds to boil
more roads. Why have they doc
this? Because it pays to do it."
All experiments in road buildin
have without exception been attenc
ed with tliis significant result, a
enormous increase in the value c
real estate. In Bich land count
lands along some of the improve
roads have doubled and in som
cases quadrupled in value. In Meet
lenburg county, N. C., lands along
certain road have increased in vain
from $12 and $15 to $75 and $100 pe
acre. Now it is reasonable to sur
pose that results which have bee
realized in Bicbland and Mecklec
burg counties may also be realize
in Sumter county. Butweneednc
have such enormous profits, an in
crease in value of 40c. per acre wo ul
be sufficient to pay the entire es
pense of building 1,000 miles of goo
roads at a cost of $300 per mile.
There is another pnase of thi
economical question that it may nc
be amiss to mention. If our count
should seir$300,000 worth of bond
this money would be used her
among us, it would be paid out fo
labor, provisions, material, etc.
flowing into the channels of trad
and benefiting all classes.
Senator Jno. W. Daniel, of Va., ii
a recent speech, to a good roads con
vention in Lynchburg used thes<
words: "I never meet with a bod:
assembled to consider any qaestioi
in which transportation is involve(
in which I do not feel like quoting
this flashlight sentence of humai
wisdom. "Man can create nothing
he can only move something." No
all the conquerors of earth frorr
Darius down to the latest military
hero, not all the giants of earth tha
lived before or after Goliath, not al
the scientists and skilled mechanic:
of the world, not all the greates:
brains that ever evolved humar
thought can create even an atom.
We have all got to deal with thinge
as our Creator made them without
adding one single atom to them.'
"I therefore lay down the broad gen?
eral proposition that transportation
is the basic .art of human develop?
ment and progress." And following
this thought of Senator Daniel we
might add, the highest expression of
this basic art of human development
and progress is facility of movement,
"We can create nothing," we only
move created things, move them
from one place to another, from the
wrong place to the right place,
changing the relation of things and
bringing order out of confusion, har?
mony out of discord, strength out of
weakness, truth out of error. This is
the work of the world, transportation
the basic art in all departments of
human activity and ease of move?
ment its highest expression. Can
we, the people of Sumter county,
.permit these slow, tedious, heavy
roads of ours to stand forever an
awful obstacle across our path of
progress? Let us instead of being
last in this greatest of all move?
ments, be first; we are first in almost
all things else, let us be also first in
roads. For if a system of good roads
such as we have uutlined were built
this would be the most attractive
State in all this beautiful south land.
With our fertile lands, our splendid
rivers, our salubrious climate, our
good water, our fruits and flowers,
our birds and trees, our babbling
brooks and flowing streams, our fair
landscapes and blue skies, our noble,
intelligent, enterprising and friendly
I manhood, our pure, brave and beau- I
tiful women and our splendid high
ways stretching their generous
length through field and forest, over
hill and dale, we would indeed be
that happy people whose ways are
ways of pleasantness and all whose
paths are peace.
EMBARRASSING THE GIRLS.
Illinois Church Festival Show to
Display Their Pictures as Un?
A dispatch from Harrisburg, UL, to
The St. Louis Globe-Democrat says:
Frank W. Havill of the Mount Carmel
(UL) Register is authority fora bit of
information, which, he says, is caus?
ing considerable uneasiness among the
young ladies of that town, and that
when the event comes off it will shake
the old place from ?kin to core. Ac?
cording to Mr. Havill, one of the lead?
ing churches in that city is greatly in
need of money and so is the pastor.
The members held a meeting recently
to decide upon a means of raising the
necessary money for running expenses
and the plan finally adopted was to
give a stereopticon exhibition, and the
enlarged pictures' to be thrown upon
the canvas were to be photos supplied
by the members of the church and
their friends. Due preparations have
been made and all is in readiness, ex?
cept the date for holding the exhibi?
tion has not yet been decided upon,
and until a few days ago the mem?
bers-and especially the young ladies
-were very anxiously urging an early
"But a change has come over them, "
says Mr. Havill. "It has been learned
that one of the graceless participants,
by going through the old rubbish of
local galleries, bribing little brothers
and the hired help, has succeeded in
getting photos of a dozen of ; the pret?
tiest girls in town, taken when they
were clothed principally in smiles and
dimples, and at an age when they were
not big enough to protest against such
a lavish display of their charms.
These pictures he has mounted in a
group and proposes to exhibit them
under the title of1 Beauty Unadorned. '
There isn't one on the group that has
enough duds on to make a night gown
for a canary bird. In the center of
the picture is a fat little roly-poly gob
of simplicity, lying upon her back,
trying to swallow her plump little
The coming event is creating no
small amount of amusement, and it is
the general opinion that this one fea?
ture will be the means of bringing to?
gether an assemblage larger than has
been seen in Mount Carmel in many a
day, and it is needles to say the young
ladies whose pictures make up the
group will be there also.
TWO ROADS FIGHTING FOR IT.
Southern and L. & H. Contending
for Rabun Gap, it is Said.
A special to the Atlanta Constitu?
tion from Knoxville says :
"It now appears here that the
Southern and Louisville & Nashville
railroads are to engage in a fight foi
the right of way through Rabun gap,
the mountain pass on the Georgia
State line that forms the only practical
route into South Carolina on a direct
line from Maryville, Tenn., to Wal?
halla, S. C.
A corps of engineers of the Southern
railway, headed by Chief of Construc?
tion W. H. Wells, went out from
Maryville yesterday in the direction
of Rabun gap, and this corps is said
to be making a location survey.
The report is current here that the
Louisville & Nashville has airead;
made a survey through the gap from
the eastern side of the mountins. The
next move that is expected is that con
struction forces will be put into thc
field, and perhaps a battle for possess?
ion of the gap will be inaugurated bj
the two railroads.
The Southern has for many monthf
been talking about building through
Rabun gap, and now it is believed thc
line is assured.
Sometime a Young Man Feelf
Like an Octogenarian-Mr.
Sometimes a young man, who should be
vigorous feels like a maa of 80. kidney dis?
ease will do it. They will weaken the bael
and make the step drag. Doan's Kidney Pilli
make weak backs strong and lighten the
steps. Read what a Sumter man says aboul
W. S. Reynolds, dealer in sporting goods al
10SS. Main street, residing at 214 Hamptor
Avenue says : "I can recommend Doan';
Kidney Pills as I procured them at Dr. A. J
China's drug store and used them for back?
ache and kidney trouble and found them al!
that they are claimed to be. They cured mi
of backache which had been troubling me
for quite a while. The pain across my loin?
was sometimes so severe as to make me feel
like a man of eighty. My back seemed tc
give way with me and I had no strength ir
it. The kidney secretions were unnatural in
appearance and very scanty. I used reme?
dies and wore plasters but might just as
well have saved my money for nothing did
me any good until I got Doan's Kidney Pills.
They produced a noticeable change for the
better in a short time and since using them
my back has not ached and is as strong as it
ever was while the kidney secretions have
regained their natural color and are regular.
I can recommend Doan's Kidney FiHs as a
most reliable kidney medicine,"
For sale by all dealers. Price ")0 cents per
box. Foster-Mil bum Co.. Buffalo. N. Y., sole
agents for the United States.
Remember the name-Doan's-and take no
TO SELL-or exchange for Southern
Bjoks or Magazines published before 1868:
History of the Reformation-Daubigne.
Several different Church Histories.
Annals of The Persecu tions in Scotland.
Sir Walter Scott's History of Scotland.
The Huguenots, "by Samuel Smiles."
Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire.
The Writings of Washington, 12 vols.,
nicely bound in calf.
Many other good books.
Address T. E. RICHARDSON,
P. O. Box 74, Sumter, S. C.
?Vcgcl able PreparatiortforAs?
similating the Food andBeguia
ling the Stomachs and Bowels of
Jfaiyafatt- Seed" ..
8ul*Us Setts- j
Ante Seed *? \
Aperiect Remedy ferCons?pa
[ Tion, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea
Worms ^Convulsions Jeverish
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature oF
For Infants and Children.
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
The Kind You Have
THC CENTAUR COMPANY. NEW YORK ?TY.
M?GGN2 GA. SUMTER] S. C. ROCKY MOUNT, N. C.
Art ope & Whitt Co.,
G. E. RICHARDSON; - - Manager.
Marble and Granite Monuments, Head?
stones and Iron Fencing*
Large Stock Finished Work on Tard.
You ^mLl find our prices much lower than you
have been paying. Investigate, call or write
for designs and prices.
Special discount for the next thirty days.
Office and works 33 E. Liberty Street, Sum*
ter, S. C. Aug ll
Corn, Oat?9 Hay, Ship
StinC Hulk and C. Seed
Meal, Carolina R. P.
Seed Oats at
HARRY & CONSTARLES.
Also full line of standard grade Wag?
ons, both one and two horse,
Buggies, Harness, Carriages.
We also have on hand a full line of building
material, such as Lime, Cement, Plaster Paris,
Hair, Laths, Fire Brick, Terra Cotta Pipe,
Stove Flues, &c.
We wani to give you prices when you need
any of above, and we wm get your patronage.
HARBY & CO.