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aJE SUMTE? WATCHMAN, Established April, i860? "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's." THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Eatabiiahed june, IS66
ed Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 12, 1903. New Series-Yol. XXIII. So. %
tent and Bent*
TB. Jenkins, Jr.,
published Ifcrary Wednesdays
I*5\ C3-. Osteen,
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Obituaries and tributes of respects wiil be
Justice Millers Exposure of the
Method of its Adoption.
Frederick's Hall, Va., July 16th, 1903.
Editor of Tiie Times-Dispatch :
Sir.-While HO much is being said !
and done by people who have no es
'pecial love for Virginia or the South,
in order that the Constitution of our
State may be. torn down and that the
fair name of the Old Dominion thus
besmirched and held up to the ridi?
cule of the world, would it not be
well to consider the manner and
means through and by which several
amendments to the Federal Constitu
. tion were adopted, especially those
which were the outcome/Of the Civil
war and the reconstruction period
which immediately followed it?
According to Mr. Justice Miller,
late associate justice of the Supreme
Court of the ' United States, %the
thirteenth amendment was proposed to
the States by Congress by joint reso?
lution February 1st, 1865, before the
close of the war and was promulgat?
ed by the Secretary of State, pursuant
to law, as a part of the Constitution,
December lSth, having received the
assent of the Legislatures of twenty
seven States, being three-fourths of
the- States-thirty-six in alL This
amendment relates entirely to slavery
and involuntary servitude^ which it
"The Fourteenth Amendment was
submitted by Congress to the Stares
June 16tfa, 1836, after the majority in
that body and President Johnson had
separated on the question of recon?
struction. Mr. Seward, the Secretary
of State, issued two promulgations of
this amendment. The first, dated July
20th, 186S. It recited that no law ex?
pressly or by conclusive implication
authorizes the Secretary of State to
determine doubtful questions as to the
authenticity of the organization of
State Legislatures, or as to the power
of any State Legislature to recall a
previous act or resolution of ratifica?
tion of any amendment proposed to
the Constitution. It further recited
that the assent of Arkansas, Florida,
North Carolina, Louisiana, South
Carolina and Alabama had been given
by "newly constituted and newly es?
tablished bodies, avowing themselves
to be and acting as the Legislatures
respectively" of those States, and that
the assent of Ohio and New Jersey,
once given, had been withdrawn by
subsequent resolution of their Legis?
latures, and that it wa3 deemed a mat?
ter of doubt and uncertainly whether
such resolutions are not irregular, in?
valid, and therefore ineffectual for
withdrawing the consent of the said
The document closed by saying that
if the resolutions of the Legislatures
of Ohio and New Jersey, ratifying the
aforesaid amendment, are to be deem?
ed as . remaining of full force and
effect, then the aforesaid amendment
has been ratified.
"This document, issued on the 20th
of June, 1868, was not accompanied
by the order of publication required
by the act of April 20, 1818. On the
next day, June 2?, 1868, Congress, by
joint resolution, resolved : Whereas,
the Legislature of the States of New
Jersey, Ohio, Arkansas, Florida,
North Carolina, Alabama, South Caro?
lina and Louisiana-naming twenty
nine States, including the Southern
States, supposed doubtful, and the
Northern States, New Jersey and
Ohio, which withdrew their
ratifications (before the result
was known or obtained, the votes
of all were counted in, making
up the two-thirds' majority required
by the Constitution), have satisfied
the Fourteenth amendment; there
j "Resolved, That tha said Four?
teenth Amendment is hereby declared
I to be a part of the Constitution of
! the United States, and it shall be
duly promulgated as such by the -Sec
! rotary of State."
Bear in mind that there were in the
case of the Fourteenth Amendment
I some States which rejected the
' amendment and subsequently ratified
it. Their votes were counted in mak?
ing the necessary three-fourths.
There were other States (New Jersey
nd others) which ratified it and
witdrew the ratification before the
result was obtained.
The votes of- all were counted in,
making np the necessary two-thirds
-required by the Constitution, "since
which time many cases have been before
the Supreme Court of the United
States involving the construction of
this article, but in no case has any
question been raised as to its constitu?
tional ratification and incorporation
into the Constitution. "
j The fourteenth amendment relates
; to citizenship, immunities of citizens,
limitations of State power, deals with
apportionment of representation, and,
etc. This amendment did not radically
change the theory of the relation of
the State and Federal governments to
each other, and of both governments
to the people. The same person may
be at the same time a citizen of the
United States and a citizen of the
State. The right of suffrage was not
necessarily one of the privileges or im?
munities of citizenship before the
adoption of the Fourteenth Amend?
ment, and the amendment does not
add to these pivileges and immunities.
It simply furnishes additional guaran?
ty for the protection of such as the
citizen already had. At thc time of j
the adoption of that amendment !
suffrage was not coextensive with citi?
zenship of the States. Nor was it at
the time of the adoption of the Consti?
tution. Neither the Constitution nor
the Fourteenth Amendment made all
"The Fifteenth Amendment to the
Costitution does not confer the right
of suffrage, but it invests eirizens of
the United States with the right of
exemption from discrimination in the
exercise of the elective franchise on
account of their race, color or previous
condition of servitude. ' '
According to Mr. Justice Miller, in
his work "On the Constitution of th?
United States," there seems to be
much doubt and uncertainty as to
whether the fourteenth amendment
! has ever been ratified in the manner
required by the Constitution or not.
And if it can be so shown would it
not greatly relieve the situation in
Virignia and other Southern States?
and require Mr. John S. Wise and the
negro Hayes to ciiange their line of
attack as well as their field of opera?
The Other Side of Lynching.
Ida A. JJ. Wright in the Bingham?
ton, N. Y., Herald.
We have heard enough pleas for
the poor negro: let us now hear some?
thing for the children, the beautiful,
innocent, young girls, knowing and
thinking no wrong, crowned with
virgin Njcnocence and purity, flitting
about their homes like stray sunbeams
from Heaven, when suddenly this dark,
nameless horror falls upon them and
the sunlight of love and Heaven is lost
in a fate^infinitely worse than death.
Let us liear something cf the h a pp/
homes which these negro ravishers
have destroyed, the fathers and moth?
ers who are bowed to the earth with
insupportable anguish and a horror so
great that the light of day and the
mercy of God seem a mockery to
them. Lynch law is irregular and un?
lawful, but so is the crime which is
avenged. There is but one way. Just
so long as white girls are ravished by
black fiends just so long will negroes
be burned at the stake. Let them
read the writing on the wall. "Let
white girls alone," for just solong
as they commit this crime the fathers,
brothers and sons will arise in their
wrath and scourge them from the face
of the earth. The law is to protect
law-abiding citizens. Lynching is to
avenge wrongs so deep, dark and hellish
that no torture that can be inflicted is
commensurate with the crime. If the
negroes will let white girls alone they
can enjoy with other citizens the equal
justice of our laws.
The remnant of our stock of ham?
mocks will be closed out at cost. There
a few extra fine hammocks in tho lot.
Aug. 7-3t. H. G. Osteen & Co.
EATS 'EM ALIVE.
Senator Burton of Kansas no
Match for South Carolinian.
To the great force of Senator Ben
Tillman, the Chicago Chronicle, most
prejudiced of papers, pays a tribute,
while not softly worded, should never
theless flatter the self-esteem of the
emphatic South Carolinian.
Senator Tillman and Senator Bur?
ton, be it known, are just now circus
ing through the North debating the
race question, and the southerner is
and has been eating the Kansan alive,
so to speak. Commenting upon this
fact the Chicago Chronicle says :
"Whatever we may think of the
ideas and sentiments" entertained by
Benjamin R. Tillman, we cannot but
concede the force and virility of his
character. He has been called a bar?
barian, but if he has the barbarian's
savagery he has likewise the bar?
barian's strength. He is not the sort
of man against whom weaklings may
"The people who are managing the
hippodroming debate between Senator
Tillman and Senator Burton owe it to
their patrons-the people who pay
money at the box office-to maintain
at least a show of a 'contest. They
owe it to the country at large to pit
against the man from South Carolina
some one who is capable of confuting
him-some one who can expose the
fallacies which Mr. Tillman deals oat
with the air of an oracle."
These be hard facts, and bearing as
they do'upon the friend and adviser of
the president, they are worthy to
challenge the attention of Mr. Roose?
velt as well as the country at large.
Having said so much of Tillman, the
Chicago Chronicle takes occasion to
declare the North is no more pro-ne?
gro than the South and adds that Sen?
ator Tillman, assuming it is, sets up
a man of straw which Burton accepts
and seeks to defend, and which the
South Carolinian demolishes in spite
of the Kansan's attempt to protect
"There is no more social equality
liotween blacks and whites in Chicago
than in Charleston. There is no more
notion of amalgamating the races by
marriage in New York than there is
in New Orleans.
"The managers of the oratorical
soft-glove contest owe it to the north
to send a stout and worthy champion
against the gentleman from South
Carolina. Such a champion will not
utter feeble and perfunctory conven?
tionalisms about educating the negro.
He will not use the language of the tea
party or church sociable. He will tell
the truth and unmask humbug, apd he
will not be partied lar about the exact
language he employs in doing so. He
will keep Benjamin R. Tillman to the
facts and he will make it perfectly
clear that while the north is no more
'negrophile' than the south it is deter
I mined that the south shall not dis
? franchise the negro and still continue
to count him as a basis of representa?
""There are plenty of such
men available. If the rhetor?
ical circus is to continue their
ranks should be drawn upon.
Mr. Barton has neither the vocabu?
lary nor the personal standing for the
task that he has assumed."
It seems to us that the South is slow
to recognizes the tremendous force of
the one-eyed senator. Whoever has
watched the comedy of the senate from
the gallery has learned that rough
thougn he may be, and uncouth, Till?
man is the one figure from whom the j
able men on republican side shrink, j
and the Chicago Chronicle* when it j
I says Tillman eats 'em alive, says what
j those who know do know.-Atlanta !
i Sad Accident Near Beaufort.
I Btaufort, August 4.-This after- j
j noon young Hampton Lea, the four
! teen-year-old son of Capt. Peter Lea,
j was killed by the accidental discharge
I of a gun while in a boat shooting, not
I far trom his father's residence and
store at Burton Station. The boy was
accompanied by his little sister, who
witnessed the tragic accident, and to j
whom he called out to run and tell \
- his father that lie was killed.
It is supposed that he was taking j
the gun up from the boat with the j
muzzle pointed towards him, when the
trigger, hitched and the gun went o?T,
! emptying its load into the abdomen j
! and killing him almost instantly. He
j was a bright, promising lad, and his
j death has caused deep sorrow in our
j community, where he often visited and
I was well known. i
BIT OF FRENCH HISTORY.
An Empire Lost for Want of the
Right Sort of Riding Habit.
An old legend which makes no pre?
tence to truth tells ? how a kingdom
was lost for want of a horseshoe nail.
But a recent volume of sober histori?
cal and biographical purpose, written
by Count d'Herrison, makes it ap?
pear that the Empress Eugenie after
the battle of Sedan, lost the chance
to preserve the Empire,of her hus?
band by not possessing' exactly the
right sort of riding habit. It was
the evening of September 3, 1S70.
The news of the surrender of the
French army and of the Emperor Na?
poleon at Sedan had spread abont Par?
is. The city was excited, and there
was talk of a revolution and the ban?
ishment ofrthe imperial family. At this
juncture Emile de Girardin, a man who
was trusted by the Empress and who
had had no little experience during
the previous changes of Government,
arrived at the Palace of the Tuileries.
"If your Majesty were to appear on
horseback in the midst of the people,"
Girardin said, "and announce the ab?
dication of the Emperor in favor of
the Prince Imperial, your^own assump?
tion bf the title of Empress Regent,
and the appointment of Thiers as
prime minister, the Empire might be
saved. Something must be done to
turn the tide." The Empress accepted
the advice. But when the leader of
the world's fashion sought for a pro?
per costume for her performance it
could not be fonnd. The only riding
habit in the Tuileries was a fantastic
one* of green, embroidered with gold
and silver, made for a festal hunting
occasion ; and the hat was a not less
fantastic three-cornered affair of the
epoch of Lonis Quinze. The Empress
felt that it would not do to appear in
this garb on such an occasion. Her
appearance in it might have- the op?
posite effect upon the people from that
which she intended. The plan had
to be given up, the Empress and the
Prince Imperial were banished, and
the Napoleonic Empire was at an
Tillman on the Negro Question.
Senator Ben Tillman debated the
negro question with Senator Burton,
of Wisconsin, at the Monona Lake as?
sembly a few days ago. As usual,
Tillman was fiery and spoke entertain?
ingly to an audience estimated at 8,
000. He declared that the Fifteenth
amendment must be wiped out. "You
could never have beaten ns in the
four-year war,' the Senator said, "if
it had been thought that the negro
was to be put on an equality with the
white man. We'd have bees fighting
yet. It was given ont that the object
cf the war was to preserve the Union,
and had it been known that its real
purpose was to put the blacks on an
eqnailty with the whites it could
never have succeeded. "
A dispatch has this to say of Senator
He denied the equality of man.
When Jefferson promulgated the theory
that all men are born free and equal,
he said, the negro wsis not constitu?
tionally a man. The white man was
made to govern, "and" he added
emphatically, "we intend to do it."
He brought the question directly
home to his audience by proposing
the organization of a society to pro?
mote the immigration of negroes from
the South. "We. have over 700,000
negroes in South Carolina," lie said,
"and abont 500,000 whites. In Wis?
consin yon have 6,000 negroes. Take
20,000 of our blacks-we'li give yon
an extra 100,000 if yon want them.
Put them in your schools with your
children. Put them beside yoe at your
tables. Put them in your beds, and
see how you like them. The great
trouble is that the North, secure in
its few negroes, is attempting to poke
its great, long Yankee nose into
Southern affairs and dictate to the
Southern States what to do with the
In reply to the argument that ,the
South is responsible foi the negroes in
this country and must take care of
them. Senator Tillman said this
amounted to the enforcement of the
old and severe scriptural doctrine that
the sins of the fathers shall be visit?
ed upon the children unto the third
and fourth generation.
Bad Rumor About Tillman.
Chicago. August G.-Senator Tillmnn
reported stranded at way station near
Chicago, after being assaulted and
robbed.-Special to News and Courier.
THE CORNERING OF COTTON.
An Effort to Have Congress Pre?
vent a Repetition of the
Alleged "Piratical Dealing" of the Brown
It is not surprising to learn that a
I movement is on foot for calling upon
j Congress for legislation to prevent the
! cornering of cotton. A dispatch from
? Philadelphia states that "prominent
mill men" are engaged in such a move?
ment and are advised that such action
would come within the power of Con
j gress on accoant of the interference
I with Inter-Sta.teand foreign commerce.
On the 30th of July the New Orleans
clique held practically the entire supply
for that mont a's delivery, which was
demonstrated by W. P. Brown's loudly
bidding on i:he Exchange for 5,000
bales at 15 cents a pound without
getting an offer. This was regarded
asa great triumph for the "tmll
clique" in making the corner com?
plete. They were said to have 820,
000,000 tied up by the embargo from
which the capital and labor of nearly
all the mills in the conuntry were
suffering, and which'was drawing cot?
ton back from the manufacturing cen?
tres to meet the demand for merely
On general i)rinciples the inter?
ference of Congress in any kind of
trading is to be deprecated, because it
is so difficult to draw the line between
what is legitimate and what is not.
Some years ago there was a long con?
test in Washington over a bill ab?
solutely prohibiting dealing in options
and futures in natural products of-the
soil, and it was finally defeated; but
it is hard to see how Congress can
reach the power to get up corners
without legislating against specula?
tion, which, if effective at all, would
do more harm than good. Yet some?
thing of the kind is likely to be at?
tempted unless the Exchanges so order
their trading: that corners cannot be
made in cotton or grain. Something
may be gained if public opinion can
? be so aroused and directed as to make
such proceedings disreputable. Buck?
et shops, which injure only their
foolish victims, are harmless in com?
parison with a gang of speculators who
at a critical time seize control of the
supply of a material upon which an:
important- industry depends. The
Brown-Havre clique and any allies they
may have here or elsewhere will be
chiefly responisble if Congress is in?
duced to intervene with some drastic
measure to prevent their particular
form of piratical dealing.-N. Y.
Journal of Commerce.
Some Big Salaries.
Until a few years ago railroad presi?
dents received the topnotch salaries
in the country. Now the big industrial
combinations pay the highest wages.
Naturally aa employe of the Standard
Oil Company is at the head of the list.
He is S. C. T. Dodd, the general so?
licitor of the company. His salary and
commissions, it is stated amount to
8250,000 a year. Charles M. Schwab,
president o? the steel trust, receives
8100,000 a year. There are a dozen
more employes of the corporation who
receive annual salaries of more than
820,000. S. R. Callaway has probably
had the largest wage increase in re?
cent years. As president of the New
York Central Railroad he was getting
a salary of 840,000. The locomotive
combine wen him over and as presi?
dent of that concern he is said to
have a salary of 8100,000.
Marcus Daly, as president of the
Amalgamated Copper Company, drew
a salary of 8100,000. H. H. Rogers
succeeded him at an increased salary
but the exact, amount is not known.
Henry O. Havemeyer, president of the
sugar trust, is in the 8100,000 class.
C. A. Coffin, president of the General
Electric Compay, receives only 875,000.
The highest paid railroad president
in the country is A. J. Cassatt of the
Pennsylvania. He receives 875,000 a
year. The::e are several railroad and
bank presidents in New York who re?
ceive annual salaries of 850,000.
Elliott's Emulsified Oil Lini?
I? the best Liniment on the market for
use in the family or on animals. It is very
soothing, very penetrating, relieves quickly
and heals in an incredibly short time. Try
it you will not he disappointed. Large
bottle. Prioe. 22 cent?. For sale by all
STATE BANK EXAMINER
IS NOT TO BE APPOINTED.
Special Board Decided Financial
Difficulties Arrangement Will
Not Permit of New Office
The State of South Carolina will for
the present have no bank examiner,
as has been for some time advocated
so heartily. The matter was freely
discussed yesterday by a special beard
composed* of Gov. Hey ward, Comp?
troller General Jones, Attorney Gen?
eral Gunter, State Treasurer Jen?
nings and Secretary of State Gantt,
and the subject formally dismissed.
; A statement was given to the press as
"The advisory board met to consider
I the appointment of a bank examiner
: and advise a way for his remunera
I tion. After discussing the matter the
board came to the conclusion that it
was inadvisable to appoint an examin?
er for the re?son that the act was so
defective as to be inoperative. The
act was passed in 1S96 " and each ad?
ministration appreciating the difficulty
has declined to take any action, and
? each general assembly since that time
has acquiesced in the non action of
the board. The chief trouble that con?
fronted the board was tho fact that
the board was required to make a levr
upon the capital of the banking and
fiscal corporations; but there is no
appropriation, and as the constitution
specifically requires that money shall
be drawn from the treasury only ic
pursuance of an appropriation made
by law, the board was left without
funds to pay the examiner's salary,
This is all the more emphasized from
the fact that while this law directs
that the actual fare shall be paid by
the State treasurer, there is no pro?
vision as to who shall pay'the salary.
The act is further defective in that
there is no summary process to compel
the banks to pay the assessment. The
I law requiring the railroads to pay the
j salary and certain expenses of the rail
! road commissioners specifically directs
how these funds shall be assessed and
collected and how paid out of annual
appropriations for that purpose. - The
board appreciates the almost impossi
I ble condition of obtaining the desired
information as to the capital of the
banks upon which to base a levy.
This duty should be imposed upon the
tax officers of the county.
"Ir. view of these difficulties and
the inaction of former administra
I tious, and the acquiescence of the
general assembly therein, the board
declined to take any action, but re
! quested the governor to call the atten
I tion of the general assembly, to the de?
fects in the law and await the sugges?
tion of that body."-The State, Aug.
Concerning Charter Fees.
An interesting point has been brough!
out in the matter cf charter fees in
this state. The Pacolet Manufacturing
! comDany, through its attorney, Mr*
E. K. Carson, applied for an increase
of capital from one to two million dol?
lars. Mr. Gantt held that the fee
charged would be the same as if the
corporation had not already beerr.
chartered and that the company would
have to pay $550, the regular amount
charged for a corporation of two mil?
lion dollars. The scale of fees charged
by law is one mill upon each dollar '
of capital stock up to and including
8100,000: the sum of one-half a mill,
upon each dollar of tile capital stock
exceeding one million dollars. Mr.
! Carson contended that as the mill al
j ready had a capiatal of one million
dollars that the charge for the increase
of capital should be at the rate of one
fourth of a mill, or $250. The matter
was referred to Judge Townsend, who
decided that as the mill had not been
capitalized for two million dollars
at one time the fee of $550 had to be
paid. The case will be appealed before
the supreme court by Mr. Carson.
Columbia Cor. News and Courier.
End of Bitter Fight.
'Two physicians had a long and stub?
born fight with an abscess on my right
lung" writes J. F. Hughes of DuPont. Ga.
"and gave me np. Everybody thought mv
t ime had come. As a last resort I tried
Dr. King's New Discovery for Consump?
tion. The benefit I received was striking
and I -was on my feet in a few days. Now
I've entirely regained my health." It con?
quers all Coughs, Colds and Throat and
Lung troubles. Guaranteed by J. F. W.
DeLorme's Drug Store. Price 50c, and
?1.00. Trial bottle free.