WEDNESDAY, AU6UST 12, 1903.
'he Sumter Watchman was roundea
io i 850 and the Trite Southron in 1866.
The Watchman and Southron now has
the combined circulation and in?neoce
of both of the old papers, and is mani?
festly the best advertising medium in
The proposition to establish a. rural
police force for the protection of the
people living in the country districts
is meeting with quite general approv?
al in the South and it is possible that
a force modeled somewhat on the plan
of the Texas Bangers may be organiz?
ed in a number of Southern States.
Judge Emory Speer, of Georgia,
comes ont strongly in favor of the pro?
position and gives several well consid?
ered reasons for his views. In some
sections of the South the conditions
have beccmd so intolerable from the
frequency of outrageous crimes that
the families'of farmers are not safe
in their homes when unprotected by
men. If it is necessary to maintain a
strong police force to protect the
women and children from the roaming j
criminals, the matter of expense win
not be considered, we are sure, for the
safety of the women and children is
of first importance.
Gov. Heyward and his brigade of
Colonels had the time of their lives
in Anderson last week. The Anderson
hospitality will, convince the Colonels
it tc be a Colonel is not such an
empty honor after all.
President Roosevelt is being cri ti
sised for refusing to permit the Pick?
aninny Brass Band from the Jenkins
Orphanage of Charleston to serenade
at Sagamore Hill. The Presi
it's door of hope is not in the
icrth and he is consistent in refusing
permit the august precincts of
lore Hill to be invaded by a
coon band. He doubtless entertains a
strenuous opinion that the Pickaninny
Band should be kept ia Charleston.
The cotton mill interests of the
North are clamoring for Congress to
- enact laws to prevent the manipula?
tion of cotton prices by speculators
who advance prices so greatly that the I
mills cannot manufacture cotton
goods at a profit . They say nothing
about preventing the manipulation of
prices by speculators who rob the
farmers of ali profit In fact, if we
recollect aright, it was these same mill
magnates who were most outspoken
in denunciation of the Farmer's Al?
liance "anarchists" when they de?
manded a few years ago that Congress
.enact laws to forbid speculative trad?
ing in cotton futures. Then it was
the producers of cotton who felt the
injury resulting from cotton specula?
tion, while at the present time the
mill magnates are the ones squeezed.
Senator Money, who lives ?n Wash?
ington, but represents Mississippi in
the Senate, has been re-nominated for
another term, defeating Gov. Longino,
who was credited with being the
strongest and most popular man in
There can be no valid objection to
the establishment of a second dispens?
ary in this city except on the ground
of unnecessary expense. It is a fact
that no one will dispute that all who
want liquor will find time and means
to procure it at the dispensary we now
have and the establishment of a second
dispensary cannot be nrged or demand?
ed on the score of necessity. All who
need liquor can and do now procure it
at the dispensary, therefore another
dispensary is not needed. It is not the
wish nor the purpose of anyone to en?
courage the drinking habit, nor to in?
crease the sale of liquor in this com?
munity, consequently it cannot be
argued that the second dispensary will
be a profitable enterprise and will so
largely increase the consumption of
liquor-and increase the number of
drunkards-that the additional ex?
pense of operating another liquor joint
will not diminish the profit derived
from the system by the city and county
at all. If the establishment of the
second dispensary ist) increase the
consumption of liquor and augment
the evils of drunkenness and de?
bauchery it is not to be desired for
a moment, and no good citizens would
for a moment countenance its estab?
lishment. If, on the other hand, it
merely divides the business now done
by the other dispensary what do we
want with it at all? Another dispens?
ary will assuredly increase the cost of
operating the system in the city by at
least $1800 to $2,000 a year and this
must come out of the profits which
now go to the city and county. Why
then establish another gin mill which
must do either one of the two things
encourage the increase of drunkenness
or needlessly curtail the income of the
city and county. Just think how many
drunks $1800 or $2,000 represents, or
how many miles of good roads. If the
people want another dispensary and
are willling to tax themselves $1800 or
$2,000 a year for the luxury they are
permittad by the State Board to do so ;
if they do not want it and are un?
willing to have their taxes increased
$1800 to $2,000 a year they can prevent
it by signing a petition protesting
against another dispensary.
Mr. Bob' Edens, who lives on the
Stateburg road some three and a half
miles from the city, has offered to
pay into the county treasury the sum
i of $100 on condition that Supervisor
Seale will take the chain gang and
build a clay i.adway for a distance of
about four hundred yards near his
place. There is now a very heavy
sand bed at that point-probably the
heaviest piece of road in that vicinity
-and the substitution of the clay and
sand roadway will be a benefit to
everyone who travels the Stateburg
road. Supervisor Seale has decided to
accept Mr. Edens' offer, and as soon as
the chain gang can be moved from its
present location he will attack the
sand bed. If other public-spirited
land-owners would follow Mr. Edens'
example and co-operate with him and
the chain gang the problem of build?
ing good roads would be solved.
Those who do not feel able to con?
tribute cash could put their teams and
regular farm hands on the road to
work under the Supervisor's direction
for a few days or longer, and by this
plan a great deal of permanent work
could be accomplished without wait?
ing for something "big to be done in
the indefinite future.
OUR DISTINGUISHED PRISONER.
The following editorial from the
Richmond Times-Dispatch is appli?
cable to a specific case in Bichmond,
but is applicable, in general terms, to
South Carolina and the country at
large. There is entirely too much con?
sideration shown criminals who hap?
pen to have social or financial stand?
ing. In the eyes of the law a criminal
is a criminal, and all should receive
the same treatment if justice is to be
"John M: King, convicted of having
received bribes while a member of the
Board of Aldermen of Richmond, and
sentenced to the city jail for twelve
months, began his term of service
on Saturday. We are told in the local
columns of The Times-Dispatch that
Mr. King has a decent room on the
second floor of the jail and will be
treated with consideration by the
prison authorities. His meals will be
sent him from the outside, the City
Sergeant allowing him to attend to
this matter himself, and he will have
books and papers, and his friends will
be allowed to see him at all reasonable
hours. * I
"In other words, Mr. King will be
treated as a distinguished citizen,
temporarily retired from the activities
of life. Everything will be done to
make his stay in the city jail as com?
fortable and agreeable as possible, and
to take away from it the stings of
punishment. He will be a star boarder
on the European plan, with a cozy
room at the expense of the City Hotel,
and meals from an adjacent restau?
rant to suit jais taste. Like Dorritt,
the "Father of the Marshalsea," he
will hold receptions from time to time
and receive the honors due to a "City
Father," who once carried paving con?
tracts in his vest pocket and disposed
of them to those who paid the largest
"If Mr. King had been a poor man
in straits, and had stolen money to buy
food and raiment for himself and
family, and had been convicted of his
crime and sentenced to jail, he would
have been confined in an ordinary cell ;
he would have been compelled to eat
coarse food of the prison, and he would
have been made to fee his humiliation |
and disgrace. But it is different with a
"City Father." Once an honored
citizen, always an honored citizen,
and no less so because he chances to be
in jail for betraying his trust. Ordin?
ary criminals must be made to know
their places but so distinguished a
criminal as a "City Father" must be
treated with the "consideration" that
becomes his station. Ordinary crimin?
als must be punished according to
prison regulations, but a "City Fath?
er" must be coddled and petted and
fed and lionized, and when he shall
have served out his term in jail, per?
haps he will be elected to serve an?
other term i n the Board cf Alderman.
"Now fret and fume, ye ordinary
convicts. What business had you to be
ordinary? If you want to be treated
with distinguished consideration, yon
must be a distinguished convict."
Weekly Crop Bulletin.
Columbia, Aug. ll.-The week end?
ing 8 a. m., Monday, August 10th,
had a mean temperature of 80 degrees,
which is also the normal for the week.
There were no extremes of tempera?
ture, either of high during the days,
or low at night. The sunshine was
also about normal. Light winds pre?
vailed generally, but local high and
somewhat damaging wind-storms oc?
cured in Pickeus, Greenville, Green?
wood and Sumter counties.
Frequent showers occurred, especial?
ly in the central counties, with weekly
amounts ranging from nearly three in?
ches to 'trace" in a few places. In
York county, and parts of adjoining
ones, the need of rain is seriously felt,
and rain is also needed in parts of
Orangebmrg, Berkeley, Williamsburg,
Colleton and Hampton counties, and
in parts of the extreme western ones.
In parts of Greenville, Saluda and
Fairfield counties there were heavy
local rains that washed lands badly,
and flooded bottom lands. With the
exceptions just noted, the moisture
conditions were favorable.
There was a marked impovement in
all crops where sufficient rain fell.
The exceptions include but a com?
paratively small part of?the State where
it has been too dry for the best de?
velopment of crops, and even there all
but the staple Crops show some im?
provement. Cultivation of field crops
?3 not yet finished in the western
counties, but will be in a short time.
Both early and late corn improved
under the influence of the humid and
showery weather, except where the
former is too nearly ripe to have been
affected. Fodder pulling is underway.
The weather conditions were favor?
able for the development of cotton, ex?
cept that on sandy lands it made little
or no improvement. In a few places
cotton has grown too much to weed,
and is not well fruited, but generally
it has fruited nicely, with compara?
tively little shedding, except on sandy
lands, where cotton is shedding both
leaves and forms. Rust has appeared
in a number of widely separated coun?
ties, and is spreading rapidly. Open
bolls have been noted in Beaufort and
Georgetown counties, with indica?
tions of early opening of bolls over the
southeastern counties generally. Sea
island cotton has improved, and is
Tobacco curing continues in the cen
trial and western districts, but may
be said to be practically finished. Rice
is ripening in the coast districts, is
heading in Colleton county, and is
clean and growing nicely in the
Georgetown district. All minor crops,
especially forage and root crops, are
very promising. Fall crop of white
potatoes being planted; also turnips
and truck crops generally. The week
was too dry in the Charleston district
for truck just coming up, and for
Cotton Has Made Good Growth
Throughout the Belt.
Washington, Aug. ll.-The weather
bureau's weekly summary of crop
conditions says : Generally cotton has
made favorable progress, but con- j
tinues unusually late. Some com?
plaints of rust are received from South
Carolina, Florida and Mississippi,
but as a rule very little complaint of
rust or shedding is reported. The
crop has made .good growth through?
out the belt and is generally well
friuted. No picking is reported and
it is estimated that the work will not
be general in Texas before Sept. L
. In Pennsylvania and New England
tobacco is in need of sunshine and
warmth, and in Ohio its condition is
only fair, but elsewhere the crop is
In Michiagn, Iowa, Ohio, Ken?
tucky, Tennessee, Virginia and Mary?
land the outlook for apples ranges
from fair to good.
Local Weather Report
For 24 hours ending 7 p. m., August
Temperature:. Maximum, 93; Mini?
mum, 72; Mean, 82.1. Precipitation,
0.08. Character of day-Partly cloudy.
Direction of wind-West.
Sun rises, 5.21; sun sets, 6.48.
Forecast for 36 hours ending 8 p.
m., Thursday, issued from Wash?
ington, D. C. :
For Sumter and vicinity-Showers
and cooler tonight. Thursday rain.
The barometer pressure is lowest in
the eastern lake regions, New England
and Rocky mountain regions, and
highest in the upper parts of the cen?
tral valleys. Light, scattered showers
occurred over all but; the extreme
eastern part of the cotton belt, with
heavy local rains in Alabama, Texas,
Mississippi and Arkansas. Tempera?
tures remained nearly stationary over
the entire country and continue un?
usually low in the Missouri valley.
The highest temperature was 94 at
Charlotte and Raleigh, the lowest 46
at Bismarck and Huron.
U. S. Weather Bureau.
ON THE COAST LINE.
Genera! Changes of Road Masters
Cutting Down Carpenter Force.
There have been very radical changes
on the Coast Line recently, the road
masters have been changed very
materially. J. B. Biggs, who was
located here has been transferred to
the Plant System and Quinn Jeffords,
who will be well remembered here,
has been transferred from the M. and
A. to the Charleston division to take
Mr. Biggs place. C. H. Newman will
be retained here, though it is under?
stood that he has been assigned to the
M. and A., but secured permission to
remain where he now is.
There have been changes in most of
the divisions. In Wilmington, as al?
ready noted a number of men have
been dropped from the carpenter
shops. It has been announced that no
further building of new cars would be
prosecuted this summer. It is said in
some quarters that this is on account
of lack of material. The men in the
car shops are a little nervous for fear
that the reduction in force will extend
all along the line.-Florence Times.
The cavalry troops of the State
militia wen into camp in Camden Mon?
day for the week. Some of the troops
passed through Monday on their way
ILLNESS OF THE NEW POPE.
Sudden Collapse of Pius X at
Rome, Aug. H.-Just a week lias
elapsed since the election of Pius X,
and he has been already overcome by
the unaccustomed strain of his Ponti?
fical duties. This morning he fainted
while at Mass. His collapse is con?
sidered to be due to heart weakness,
aggravated by fatigue. Dr. Lapponi
recommended the Pope to take a com?
plete rest. The doctor has ordered all
The Pope has been over-exerting
himself to such an extent that his na?
turally strong constitution was unable
to bear the strain put upon it by the
coronation ceremonies. Such has been
the effect upon his nerves-that he has
been unable to sleep for whole nights,
while numerous receptions yesterday
made matters worse. Last night his
Holiness was very much agitated, still
he insisted upon admitting this morn?
ing to hear his Mass all Venetians who
had journeyed to Rome purposely to
attend the coronation. They number?
ed about three hundred when the Mass
began in the Pauline Chapel and the
air was vitiated, while the tempera?
ture was above 90 degrees.
Pope Pius was seen to grow paler
and paler, finally throwing out his
hands, as though seeking support. He
would have fallen had not Mgre Bres?
san, his private chaplain, been quick
to catch him. Fortunately among the
Venetians present was Dr. Davenezia,
who for nine years has been the Pope's
attending physician at Venice. Daven?
ezia gave the Pontiff immediate assist?
ance, while the messengers telephoned
When able to speak again the Pope
asked for few drops of water, which
was given him, and water was sprink?
led on his face. His gown was opened
the neck, as he seemed to be choking.
He refused absolutely, however, to be
carried to his apartment, saying he
felt sufficiently strong to walk. The
way thither was cleared, and he pro
! ceeded slowly, surrounded by his anxi?
ous entourage, his head bent almost
on his shoulder, and so pale that the
flesh was scarcely distinguishable
from his robes.
Although the Pope was much better
this afternoon Dr. Lapponi, who
visited him again, thought it more
prudent for his Holiness not to leave
his apartmnet, and not to go into the
garden of the Vatican, as he desired.
The doctor further insisted on a sus?
pension of audiences.
Dr. Davenezia, speaking about the
Pope said: "If they wish our Pius
not to succumb the Vatican authori?
ties must change their system.. They
must not oblige him to follow the
habits of Pope Leo. The present Pon?
tiff needs especially plenty of fresh
air. He must not be shut up in a
box in a vitiated atmosphere"
The Pope retired earlier than usual,
saying that* he felt quite recovered.
His intimates, however, say that he is
much changed since his election and
seems to have grown older. His sisters
at Venice were much alarmed over the
news of his indisposition and have
decided to come to Rome to attend
SECRETARY ROOT TO RESIGN.
Will Place Resignation in Pres
dent's Hands When He Sails
Washington, Aug. IL-Before Secre?
tary Root sails for London to sit with
the Alaskan commission he will place
his resignation in the hands of Presi?
dent Roosevelt in order that the presi?
dent may appoint a secretary of war if
it is deemed necessary during Mr.
Root's absence. It is expected, how?
ever, that the resignation will not be
acted upon until after congress meets.
The appointment of Mr. Root's succes?
sor will depend somewhat upon the
length of time that Secretary Root will
be engaged upon the Alaskan boundary
It has been known for some time
that Secretary Root intended to retire,
but he did not wish to leave the de?
partment until the general staff bill
was in operation and other matters
pertaining to the department were
well under way. It is understood that
the matter of his successor has been
discussed and while nothing official
can be obtained here it is believed that
the position will be tendered to Gov.
While Secretary Root is in London
he will remain in communication
with the war department and matters
pertaining to the general staff and
other important affairs will be refer?
red to him. If the sittings of the
Alaskan commission are extended be?
yond Dec. 1, it is likely that the secre?
tary's resignation will be accepted and
his successor appointed at that time,
and if the situation in the war depart?
ment is such that a secretary is need?
ed to take charge of affairs one will be
Secretary Root's desire to leave pub?
lic life is based largely on personal
grounds. His family does not like the
life in Washington and the secretary
desires also to return to his law prac
tcie in New York. The secretary
feels that he has accomplished the
work that he was called upon to do
when he became secretary of war.
TAFT WILL SUCCEED HIM.
Oyster Bay, Aug. H.-Elihu Root
will resign as secretary of war, the
resignation to take effect about the 1st
of next January. He will be succeed?
ed, unless present plans miscarry, by
Judge Wm. H. Taft, now governor of
the Philippines. Judge Taft's appoint?
ment as secretary of war would neces?
sitate the appointment of a new presi?
dent oi: the Philippine commission. In
all probability Gen. Luke Wright
would succeed to the presidency of
the commission, his work as a mem?
ber of the body having been eminent?
ly satisfactory to the administration.
The Sumter Light Infantry has been
invited to go to Camden to participate
in the parade and review when Gov.
Heyward visits the encampment.
Capt Yeadon and the members of his
company have not been able tc decide
whether they can accept the invitation
or not, "but much as they would like
to go to Camden, it is not probable
that they will be able to do so.
Ask your physician if Glenn Springs
Mineral Water is not what you need.
You Gan Buy Without Money.
WE HAVE DECIDED to extend
credit to the country trade until fall
on anything in our line. We have a
GREGORY & BINGHAM,
10 W. Liberty street, next to P. O.
Glenn Springs Mineral Water is a
safe and sure cure for kidney troubles.
TEACHER WANTED-For the Tir?
zah School at $35.00 per month, for
eight months. Teacher with some ex?
perience preferred. Address, Board
School Trustees, Scarboro, S. C.
WANTED-A first class Ginner to
take charge of Ginning Plant. Apply
J. Ryttenberg & Sons, Rose Hill, S. C.
FOR RENT-One storehouse, with
three room dwelling attached, with
necessary out buildings, for five
months. Three and one half miles
from Sumter in the fork of Providence
and Stateburg roads. For terms applv
to R. M. Edens, Sumter, S. C.
WANTED-To sell good young grade
Jersey (nearly full) milch cows with
young calves. And several Fine Berk?
shire Gilts. E. W. Dabbs, Goodwill,
S. C. July 29-tf.
FINE FARM FOR SALE.
. 300 ACRES at Copeland, Darlington
county, S. C., on railroad, 20 miles
from Sumter and Darlington; most
all level, fine farm land ; 200 acres in
cultivation, balance mostly pine and
oak timber. Produces fine crops of cot?
ton, corn, tobacco, oats, and potatoes.
School and church near the farm.
Three good houses, two barns and to?
bacco barn. Present owner has own?
ed it for 20 years ,but is now a non?
resident. I offer it for a short time at
a great bargain. Only 86,000, and
will loan $2,000 or more 5 to 10 years
if wanted, or will sell 100 acres of it.
If you want one of the best bargains
ever offered, write at once.
E. E. MOORE,
. 207 Daniel Building,
Aug. 12-lt. Danville, Illinois.
Owing to the similarity of initials of an?
other of the same surname, the .impression
has gone aboad that I intend leaving my
brother, D. J. Chandler, to go into business
with another party.
I wish to inform my friends and the pub?
lic generally that such is not my intention.
On the contrary, I shall be ready and anx?
ious to serve my customers as formerly at
the same old stand. Respectfully,.
J. H. CHANDLER,
I). J CHANDLER.
Bagging and Hes
We are now prepared to make contracts for
Bagging and Ties for
August and September Delivery.
Our stock is complete, includes
][ 3=4 and 2 lb. Sugar Sack,
2 and 2 1=4 lb. second hand Jute,
2 and 2 1=4 lb. new Jute Bagging.
New Arrow Ties, standard 45 lbs.
to the bundle.
We are not handling second hand ties, as our
experience has not been satisfactory with
Our second hand Jute Bagging is very desir?
able, there being no holes in it, all neatly
patched, and put up in rolls of 50 yards each.
There is no reason why this should not be as
satisfactory as new bagging, and there is quite
a saving in the price. It will be to your inter?
est to see us before buying.
O'DONNELL & GO.
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