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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, August 12, 1903, Image 6

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HORRIBLE RAILROAD WRECK.
Twenty-Three Killed ia a Collision
of a O?rnos Train.
foe Elephant and Two Camels Killed
Outright-Brakes Failed to Work.
Durand, Mich., Aug. ".-Twenty
three persons were killed in a collision
early today in the Grand Trunk yards
between two sections of Wa llace Broth?
ers* Circus train. Seven of the dead
are in the morgue unidentified. Over
twenty were more or less seriously in?
jured. Coroner Farrer- this afternoon
empanelled a jury, "which viewed the
remains and adjourned until August
l?? when the inquest will be held.
Following are the dead : James Mc?
Carthy, trainmaster Grand Trunk
Road, between Huron and Battle Creek
A. W. Large, special officer Grand
Trunk, Battle Creek; John Purcell,
Peru, Ind, boss canvas man; Laie
Larson, Cambridge, Ohio, six-horse
team ari ver; G. Thomas, residence
unknown, member of stake and chain
gang; Harry St. Clair, residence un?
known, reserved seat man ; John Leary,
Springfield 111, boss of ring stock ;
Andrew Howland,New York State, can?
vas man; Frank Thorp, Dundee,
Mich., trainmaster of circus train:
Bobers Bice, residence unknown, .har?
ness maker; George Smith, residence
unknown, blacksmith ; James Toff el
mire, Orient, Iowa t Charles Sands,
Peru, Ind., driver; .Joe Wilson, Pitts?
burg ; W. J. McCoy, Columbus, Ohio,
canvas man, with a side show; Edward
York, Terre Hute, Ind:; unknown
man, driver of band wagon ; unknown
man, home said to be. in Indianapolis,
rider in circus ? races ; unknown man, j
home said . to be. in Louisville, four
horse drive?; unknown man, four
horse driver ; unknowaman, suffocated
to death; two unidentified men are
also.dead at. the hospital.
James S. Foley, of Detroit, special
officer of the Grand Trunk, was seri?
ously iajure?j and J. J. Meadow, of
Anderson, S. C., was also among
-the injured.
HOW IT HAPPENED.
The circus travels in two parts of
about thirty-five cars each. After last
night's exhibition at Charlotte the
two trains left for Lapeer over the
Grand Trunk Road, the second section
leaving a half hour after the first It
was 3.45 o'clock when the first section
paned into the west end of the Grand
Trunk yards here. A red light was
hung on the rear car to stop the
second section. Engineer Probst, of
Battle Creek, who was running the
engine) of the rear train, says he saw
the light and applied the air brakes.
He says, it refused to work. He re?
versed his engine, but the momentum j
of the heavy train behind was too
great, and, with a crash that aroused
all of the town near the yards, the
two trains met. Three cars of the sta?
tionary first section were telescoped
and the engine and five cars of the
moving train were demolished.
The rear car of the first section was
a caboose, in which the trainmen
were sleeping, and the next two were
filled with sleeping circus employees.
The greatest loss of life was in the
caboose. One of the wrecked cars of
the second section was occupied by
five elephants and several camels. One
of the elephants and two camels were
killed outright, while the other ani?
mals and their trainer escaped. With
the exception of this car none of the
menagerie was wrecked, the other de?
molished cars containing canvas or
wagons, and there was comparatively
little excitement among the wild ani?
mals. As soon as they recovered from
the first shock the trainers rushed
"among the cages, quieting the few
beast? that were excited. The ele?
phants in the wrecked car behaved
with surprising calmness and were led
cut of the wreck without trouble. The
escaping steam and screams and cries
of those pinned in the wreck made
a horrifying spectacle in the gray of the
morning, when the trainmen in the
yards and the aroused towns people
first reached the scene. Many feared
Tat first that some of the menagerie
iiad escaped, as some of the animals
could he heard crying. The fire alarm.
"Was. immediately sounded and the
whole town was aroused. The rescuers
could see funortanates throughout the
tangled wreckage and went furiously
to work without waiting for tools to
extricate them. A wrecking crew is
kept in the yards here and it was on
the scene in a very few minutes,
bringing tools and equipment in plen?
ty. All the physicians and trained
nurses in town were sent for and those
in near-by places were rushed to the
scene on hand cars. The Hotel Rich?
elieu was converted into a temporary
hospital and scores of volunteers with
stretchers were in readiness to carry
the injured there as fast as the rescuers
could extricate them. The dead, many
of them so terribly mangled that iden?
tification seemed well-nigh impossible,
were carefully laid on the green
sward, a short distance from the scene.
Engineer Probst, Fireman Colter
and Head Brakeman Benedict, who
was also on the engine of the second
section, all agree that if the brakes
had worked as they ought to have
when the engineer tried to use them
there would have been no collision.
Fireman Colter and Brakeman Bene?
dict when they saw that a collision
could not be avoided, jumped. Engi?
neer Probst remained at his post, vain?
ly trying to get the brake to work,
until hi? train was within less than one
hundred, feet of train No. 1. Then he,
too, jumped when he was within but
a very tow seconds of sure death in the
crash. He was, of course, shaken up,
as was the fireman and brakeman,
but not badly. None of the crews of
either tain was hurt. At the time
the crash occurred, train No. 2 was
Tunning probably fifteen miles an
hour.
> Taxing B. and L Associations.
Columbia, Aug. 7.-Comptroller
General Jones is quite anxious to dis?
pose of the taxation o? ??building and
loan associations. This matter has
been hinging fire for a long while,
ead tho associations throughout the
State hilve been requested to make
?eir returns to the county auditors so
as to decide the matter one way or the
.other. All of the counties have sent in
their returns with the exception of
Charles ion county. Mr. Jones has
written for the assessments of these
associations. As soon as these returns
nave bom received in the Comptroller
General's office the matter will be
.decided finally.
THE GREAT SUGAR REFINERY.
Chance For Charlestonians With
Money to Invest in a Big Mil?
lion Dollar Plant.
Charleston, Aug. 7.-Mr. B. Roman
held another conference today with
the business men in regard to the lo?
cation of a plant in Charleston by the
Carolina and Western Independent Re?
fining company with which he is con?
nected. A meeting will be held on
Monday when matters will be definite?
ly concluded. Mr. Roman wants
Charleston capitalists to put up $500, -
OOO, one half of the proposed capitaliz?
ation of tlie proposed concern. The
plant will have an output of 300 tons of
sugar<3aily, and employ a large number
of hands. On account of Charleston's
splendid geographical advantages, be?
ing near to Cuba, Puerto Rico and
Central American countries, where
the supply of raw sugar is inexhausti?
ble, it is argued that the refinery can
be made a great success. The loca?
tion for the distribution of the finish?
ed product is declaied to be excellent
and it is certain that the buisness
people will meet Mr. Roman in a
fair spirit
TOURIST LAMfiS "FLEECED.
Gamblers are Reaping a Harvest
On Lake Erie, Karon and
Superior.
A special dispatch from Toronto
tells this story :
Gambling on the passenger vessels
of the Great Lakes has reached big
proportions in recent years during
the tourist season. Kow it is at its
height, since traine ri very heavy.
Canadians are inclined to attribute
the increasing vice to the Americans
who have overrun Canada in recent
years? They and the tourists from
the States are held responsible for
the gambling on the packet vessels of
Ontario, Erie, Huron and Superior.
The card games are much in evi?
dence on the passenger vessels plying
between Canadian ports on Huron and
Superior.
While there is not the glamor
around the lake vessels and their card
games that s arro an dei. the old lower
Mississippi boats, money ia plentiful
among the lake card players, and
some big; "pots" are raked in by the
fortuntae gamblers. Poker is almost
the invariable rule. From the West
has come the custom of paying with
two decks, using the joker as a fifth
aa-, and to fill flushes and straights.
This facilitates cheating to an alarming
degree. It also makes the game fast?
er.
The cheats usu?lly work in pairs,
and if there are but six in the game,
which is the rule, it becomes mere
child's play for experts to clean out
the gamesters who are not wise. If
there are six in the game, the two
cheaters do not resort to the run up
of hands, such, for instance, as
shuffling, up three of a kind so ?hat
they will fall to a certain player, and
the cheat will at the same time get
three aces or a small flush. They use
the old count down. It is simple,
and has been worked by cheats wherev-"
er the great American game has been
playedL
The cheaters sit opposite each other.
That leaves two plays between them.
The cards are cut to the left, where two
decks are used. That brings each
cheater into position where he cnts the
deck his partner has shuffled. In
shuffling the cheats see to it with their
dexterity that a set of three of a kind
is left in the deck immediately under
the first thirty cards to come off. This
is especially easy where six are play?
ing and the six hands are dealt around.
The pot (for all are jackpots) is open?
ed, and no player stays.
Even where several' draw cards it is
a matter of simple calculation to leave
the deck, after being shuffled, with a
set of three of a kind under the top
30. Then when the man to the right
of the cheat picks up the deck, after
being shuffled, and it is passed to the
cheat on the left to cut, he makes a
false cut, and the innocent dealer
hands the cards out, according to the
way th^y have been counted down.
The crooked play comes when the
pot is opened. The cheat tc the left
of the dealer knows when he draws
cards a set of three of a kind must
come to him. The rule is to, when
possible, count down three face cards.
Therefore, if the cheat has a pair of
any kind he immediately raises the
opener, knowing he must come ont
with a full. If he has not a pair he
holds up two face cards, or even one,
in the hope that fie may come out
with four of a kind. But these games
are pretty fast, and three of a kind al?
ways in the hole, as the term is,
makes a clean-up for the crooks. Un?
less a man knows what it as he can?
not, of course, appreciate for a minute
what is going on.
The best one of the ordinary players
in these boat games can get is the
worst of it, but they get wise very
slowly and seldom come over the same
route twice. Most of these card sharps
are Americans, but the young English?
men and other tourists are anxious to
be initiated into the mysteries of draw
poker and they are . not hard losers.
Only when the cheats get desperate
and cold deck some man for a large
amount does trouble follow. The cheat
understands this point and seldom re?
sorts to it. It is the rule they ob?
serve never to beat a big hand for a
"producer," but to gi ve him a run for
his money.
The World's Visible Supply.
New Orleans, La., Aug. 7.-Secre?
tary Hester's statement of the worlds
visible supply of cotton, issued today,
shows the total visible to be 1,567,
843 bales, against 1,687,823 last week
and 1,635,120 last year. Of this the
total of American cotton is 742,843
bales, against 822,823 last week and
990,120 last year, and of all other
kinds, including Egypt, Brazil,
India, etc., 825,000 bales, against 859,
000 last week and 645,000 last year.
Of the world's visible supply there
is now afloat and held in Great Britain
and Continental Europe 833,000 bales,
against 960,000 last year; in Egypt,
12,000 bales, against 50,000 last year ; in
India, 493,000 bales, aganist 384,000
last vear and in the United States j
230,000 bales against 241,000 last yea* 1
GREAT TARHEEL EMBEZZLER.
The Shortage of Thomas F.
Dewey Will Reach $125,000.
Newbern, N. C., August 7.-The
shortage of Thos. W. Dewey, abscond?
ing cashier of the Farmers' and Mer?
chants' Bank, of this city, proves to
be $125,000, said to be the largest em?
bezzlement in the history of the State.
The reward for Dewey's captare has
been increased to $5,000. Dewey left
only $1,300 in cash in the bank and
$1,000 in gold. Gambling in cotton
futures is one way in which the mon?
ey went. For a time he very skilful?
ly hid his embezzlements by false en?
tries. July 29, State Bank Examiner
Ellington examined the bank, and as
the books indicated irregularities, he
immediately made inquiries of their
correspondents and the first reply re
cieved disclosed a shortage of $10,000.
Examiner Ellington returned to New?
born at once and wired the other
; banks, asking their balances. It was
thought at first by the directors and
the examiner that the shortage would
not exceed $30,000, but when replies
to telegrams showed a shortage of
$69,000 in the accounts the bank was
compelled to suspend. The shortage
has steadily increased to $125,000.
Cashier Dewey anticipating the dis
; closures, left Newbern Saturday even?
ing, ostensibly on personal business,
to return Monday. He was last heard
from on a Seaboard Air Line train go?
ing North, from which he mailed let?
ters to his brother, Charles Dewey, of
Goldsboro, and to Governor Aycock,
telling of his shortage, expressing re?
gret for his betrayal of the trust re?
posed in him and saying he was leav?
ing for parts unknown:
Mr. Ellington finished his work to?
day and turned the books over to Re?
ceiver Thomas Daniel, who will pro?
ceed to settle the affairs of the defunct
bank. Dewey is 5 feet^ 6 inches tall;
weighs 135 pounds is of dark com?
plexion, with dark hair and eyes and
was smooth shaven when he left here.
FLEW A QUARTER OF A MILE.
The Langley Air Ship Model at
Wide Water, Va.
Wide Water, Va., August 8.--A part?
ly sucessful experiment with the fif?
teen foot Langley air ship was made
this morning from the house boat in
the Potomac River, off this point.
The aerodrome started well in a
straight line south with a velocity of
seventy feet per second and flew for
a distance variously estimated at from
four to six hundred yards.; Some de?
flection in, the wings soon after the
launching caused her to take a down
ward course, which she followed rapid?
ly, and was impelled into the water
under the full power of her engine.
There as sufficient steam generated for
a rapid flight of a half or threee-quar
tres of a mile. Under the full pressure
of this force the machine struck the
water and a moment more bad disap?
peared from view. The machine was
recovered. It was considerably dam?
aged.
The machine was taken to the house
boat, where extensive repairs will have
to be made before another test can be
made.
At a given signal the model was dis?
patched on it voyage. The launching
car was pulled back to the leeward of
the superstructure and sent forward
on its track at a rapid velocity. ,When
the windward end was reached the
machine shot forth. A beter launch?
ing could not have been desired. The
Smithsonian scientists believed that
the highest hopes were about to be
realized, but after the first few seconds
of flight the wings were deflected and
the flying machine went downward un?
til her course was ended on the bot?
tom of the Potomac. She was travel?
ling at a rate of about forty miles an
hour.
When the machine was raised from
the water a workman attempted to
cover it with a cloth, but for a long
time was unsuccessful. Its mechanism
and dimensions were plainly seen from
the press boat, twenty-feet away. It
was equipped with four wings, two on
each side, about four by six feet,
made of the finest oil silk and held
upon delicate wooden rods. The wings
were shaped like a tent. The body
consisted of an intricate arrangement
of fine steel rods, with cylinders,
motor and boilers carefully balanced.
Between the two sets of wings were
situated the propellers, two in num?
ber, equipped with two blades. The
steering gear was situated at the rear
and was constructed from material
like the wings. The motor is sup?
posed to generate something in excess
of two-horse power. Several photo?
graphs were secured of the machine
in flight. The wind against which it
flew was about four miles an hour.
Chief Assistant Manley, of the
Leangley expedition, made the follow?
ing statement:
" The experiment was entirely suc?
cessful. All the data which this
machine was designed to furnish were
obtained. The equilibrium was per?
fect, the power adequate and the sup?
porting surface ample. No accident
occurred. Some of the woodwork of
the wings and radder was slightly
damaged by the grapping hooks used
in taking the aerodrome from the
water, but no essential parts were in
jared. Were another test desired this
afternoon the same machine could be
used. I have nothing further to say
at present. 1 shall make a full report
of the test to Secretary Langley."
Puritan Stole From Preachers.
Boston, Aug. 7.-In a letter writ?
ten last Tuesday from Montreal to the
pastor of his church in East Boston,
Willard S. Allen, treasurer of the
Preachers' Aid Society, of the New
England Confreence of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, confessed that he
was a defaulter to the amount of more
than $80,000 of the society's funds.
Mr. Allen has been treasurer of the
society for twelve years and clerk of
the East Boston District Court for
twenty-nine years, and for sixteen
years was a prominent member of the
school committee of Boston. He left
home about a week ago, without an?
nouncing Iiis destination, and the first
heard from him was the letter to the
East Boston clergymen. Mr. Allen
said that he lost the money in specula?
tion. He requests the minister to
notify the members of the Allen
family and the officers of the society
of his confession.
ROOSEVELT ON LYNCHING.
He Commends the Course of Gov.
Durbin, of illinois.
He Says That the Law and the
Administration of the Law
Should be Such as to Insure
The Prompt Punishment of ail Criminals
and Thus Take Away ail Excuse for
a Resort to Mob Law.
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Aug. 9.-In a
letter, the publication of which was
authorized today, President Roose?
velt commends Governor Durbin, of
Indiana, for the attitude he assumed
recently respecting lynching. The
President also embraces the opportuni?
ty to express his own views in refer
ence to lynching and mob violence,
generally, pointing out that mob viol?
ence is merely one form of anarchy
and that anarchy is the forerunner of
tyranny, j The President viogrously
urges that the penalty for that crime
which most frequently induces a resort
to lynching shall be applied swiftly
and surely, but by due process of the
Courts, so that it may be demonstrat?
ed "that the law is adequate to deal
with crime by freeing it from every
vestige of technicality and delay."
President Roosevelt's letter in full
to Governor Durbin follows :
Oyster Bay, N. Y., Aug. 6, 1903.
My Dear Governor Durbin : Permit
me to thank you, as an American
citizen, for the admirable way in
which you have vindicated the majesty
of the law by your recent action in
reference to lynching. I feel, my dear
sir, that you have made all men your
debtors who believe, as all farseeing
men must, that the well-being, indeed,
the very existence, of the republic de?
pends upon that spirit of orderly iiber
ty under the law which is as incom?
patible with mob violence as with any |
form of despotism. Of course mob
violence is simply one form of anarchy
and anarchy is now, as it always has
been, the handmaiden and forerunner
of tyranny.
I feel that you have not only reflect?
ed honor upon the State which for its
good fortune has you as its Chief Ex?
ecutive, but upon the whole nation.
It is incumbent upon every man
throughout this contry, not only to
hold up your hands in the course you
have been following, but to show his
realization that the matter is one of
vital concern to us alL
All thoughtful men must feel the
gravest alarm over the growth of lynch?
ing in this country and especially over
the peculiarly hideous forms so often
taken by mob violence when colored
men are the victims-on which oc?
casions the mob seems to lay most
weight, not on the crime, but on the
color of the cri minah In a certain
proportion of these cases the man
lynched has been guilty of a crime
horrible beyond description, a crime
so horrible that as far as he himself is
concerned he has forfeited the right to
any kind of sympathy whatsoever. The
feeling of all good citizens that such
a hideous crime shall not be hideously
punished by mob violence is due not
in the least to sympathy for the cri?
minal, but to a lively sense of the
train of dreadful consequences which
follow the course taken by the mob in
exacting inhuman vengeance for an
inhuman wrong. In such cases, more?
over, it is well to remember that the
criminal not merely sins against
humanity in inexpiable and unpar?
donable fashion, but sins particularly
against his own race, and does them
a wrong far greater than any white
man can possibly do them. There?
fore, in such cases, the colored people
throughout the land should in every
possible way show their belief that,
they, more than all others in the com?
munity, are horrified at the commis?
sion of such a crime, and men- who
have been guilty of a crime like rape
or murder should be visited with swift
and certain punishment, and the just
efforts made by the Courts to protect
them in their rights should under no
circumstances be perverted into per?
mitting any mere technicality to avert
or delay their punishment. The sub?
stantial rights of the prisoner, to a
fair trial, of course, must be
guaranteed, as you have so justly
insisted that they should be, but, sub?
ject to this guarantee, the law must
work swiftly and surely, and all agents
of the law should realize the wrong .
they do when they permit justice to
be delayed or thwarted for technical
or insufficient reasons. We must show
that the law is adequate to deal with
crime by freeing it from every vestige
of technicality and delay.
But the fullest recognition of the
horror of the crime and the most com?
plete lack of sympathy with the cri?
minal cannot in the least dim: iah our
horror at the way in which it has be?
come customary to avenge these crimes
and at the consequences that are al?
ready proceeding therefrom. It is,
of course, inevitable that where
vengeance is taken by a mob it should
frequently light on innocent people,
and the wrong done in such a case of
the individual is one for which there
is no remedy. But even where the
real criminal is reached the wrong
done by the mob to the commnnity
iself is well nigh as great. Especial?
ly is this true where the lynching is
accompanied with torture. There are
certain hideous sights which when
once seen can never be wholly erased
from the mental retina. The mere
fact of having seen them impiles de?
gradation. This is a thousand-fold
stronger when instead of merely seeing
the deed, the man has participated
in it. Who ever in any part of our
country has ever taken part in lawless?
ly puttiag to death a criminal by the
dreadful torture of fire, must forever
after have the awful spectacle of his
own handwork seared into Iiis brain
and soul. He can never again be the
same man.
This matter of lynching would be a
terrible thing even if it stopped with
the lynching of men guilty of the in?
human and hideous crime of rape but,
as a matter of fact, lawlessness of
this type never does stop and never can
stop in such fashion. Every violent
man in the community is encouraged
by every case of lynching in which the
lynchers go unpunished, to himself
take the law into his own hands when?
ever it suits his own convenience. In
the same way the use of torture by
the mob in certain cases is sure to
spread until it is applied more or less
indiscriminately in other cases. The
spirit ol' lawlessness grows with what
it feeds on, and when mobs with im?
punity lynch criminals for one cause,
they are certain to begin to lynch real
or alleged criminals for other causes.
In the recent cases of lynching over
three-fourths were not for rape at all,
but for murder, attempted murder
and even less heinous offences. More?
over the history of these recent cases
shows ':;he awful fact that when the
minds of men are habituated to the
use of torture by lawless bodies to
avenge crimes of a peculiarly revolt?
ing description, other lawless bodies
will use torture in order to punish
crimes of an ordinary type. Surely no
patriot can fail to see the fearful
brutal?2;ation and debasement which
the indulgence of such a spirit and
such practices inevitably portend.
Surely all public men, all "writers for
the daily press, all clergymen, all
teachers?, all who in any way have a
right to address the public, should
with every energy unite to denounce
such crimes and to support those en?
gaged ia putting them down. As a
people we claim the right to speak
with peculiar emphasis for freedom
and for treatment Of all men, without
regard to differences of race, fortune,
creed or color. We forfeit the right
to speak when we commit or condone
such cri mes as these of which I speak.
The nation, like the individual,
cannot commit a crime with impun?
ity. If we are guilty of lawlessness
and brutal violence, whether our
guilt consists in active participation
therein or in mere connivance and en?
couragement, we shall assuredly suffer
later on because of what we have done.
The corner-stone of this republic, as
of all fiee governments, is respect for
and obedience to the law. When we
permit the law to be defied or evaded,
whethe:r by rich man or poor man, by
blackman or white, we are by just so
much weakening the bonds of our
civilization and increasing the chances
of its overthrow and of the substitu?
tion therefor' of a system in which
there shall be violent alternations of
anarchy and tyranny.'
Sincerely yours.
Theoore Roosevelt.
Hon. Winfield T. Durbin, Governor
of Indiana, Indianapolis Indiana.
GEN. MI?JES R?TIRE0.
A Number of Changes Follow His
designation.
Washington, ?ug. 7.-Lieut. Gen.
Nelson A. Miles, commanding the
army, will retire .from active service
at noon tomorrow having reached the
age limit of 64 years.
The following order was prepared
today and will be issue tomorrow :
Washington,:Aug. 8, 1903.
The retirement from active service
by the president, Aug. 8, 1903, of
Lieut. Gen. Nelson A. Miles, United
States army, by operation of law, un?
der the provisions of the act of con?
gress approved June 30, 1882, is an?
nounced.
Lieut. Gen. Miles will proceed to
his home. The travel enjoined is
necessary for the public service.
H. C. Corbin,
Adjt.. Gen. Maj. Gen. U. S. A.
By order of secretary of war.
Several other orders resulting from
the retirement of |Gen.? Miles have
been issued, one assigning Lieut.
Gen.. Young to the command of the
army until Aug. 15, when he will as?
sume the duties of chief of staff ; an?
other assigning Maj. Gen. Corbin as
president of the soldiers' home board,
another Brig. Gen. Gillespie as pres?
ident of the board of ordnance and
fortifications and still another assign?
ing Lieut. Gen. Young as a member of
the Sherman statue commission.
SENATOR TILLMAN NOT LOST.
St. Louis, Mo., August 7.-Senator
Benjamin R. Tillman, of South Caro?
lina, remained in St. Louis today, and
while here he reported at the local
offices of various railroads and express
companies the loss of a wallet filled
with passes, express franks and other
money-savers. It was reported that
the Senator had been robbed on a train,
but he denied the story at the South?
ern Hotel. "They fell out of my pock
elt," he said, "and I did not notice it
at the time. They were not taken by
a pickpocket that I know. One of
the passes I lost was over the Burling?
ton Railroad and I guess I dropped it
at Kansas City. It was in a pocket?
book that had a lot of express com?
pany franks and telegraph franks and
other railroad passes, and all that
kind of stuff. But I had not used the
Burlington pass."
Senator Tillman who asked if it
was not unusual for bim to accept such
favors from corporations, and he re?
plied: "How can I help accepting
them ; they stick them at me, and stick
them at me until I just have to take
them. They don't influence my vote.
It is different down in our country
from what it is up here. You haven't
heard of anybody being bought with
thousand dollar bills down four way,
have you? It's the custom for all pub?
lic men to accept passes and most of
us are slaves to custom." Senator
Tillman left tonight to resume a
lecturing . tour, accompanied by Sen?
ator Burton, of Kansas.-News and
Courier.
No More Civilian Lieutenants.
Columbia, Aug. 7.-For some tims
young men who apply to the war de?
partment for commissions as second
lieutenants, have recieved letters of re?
commendation from Governor Hey
ward.# He, today received a letter from
Adjt. Gen. H. C. Corbin, saying that
it is entirely probable that there will
be no further appointments to the
grade of second lieutenants from civil
life in the near future, as the large
classes that are being graduated from
the United States Military Academy
and the number of legally qualified
enlisted men will probably be suffi?
cient to fill all vacancies in this grade.
Jacksonville, Fla., Aug. 7.-Frank
Roberson, colored was hanged here
this morning at 10 o'clock for the
murder of Deputy Sheriff Sadler, at
Pablo Beacii four years ago. Two
other negroes. Ed Love and Frank
Carter, who were sentenced to hang at
the same time, had their sentence
commuted to life imprisonment at the
last moment byjthe State board of par?
dons. ?
4
-_J_
THE POPES PIUS.
Rame of New Pontiff Has Been
Prominent in Papal History.
The name of Pins, says The New
York Evening Post, has already figur?
ed largely in church history. Pius II
(Piccolomini of Siena, 1458-1464) was
one of the most picturesque and inter?
esting figures of the Italian Renais?
sance. Of him it has been said that
"his character reflects almost every
tendency of the age in which he lived.
Pius V (1556-157*2), a famous Domini?
can theologian, has the further dis?
tinction of being the last Pope to be
canonized. Pius VII (1800-1823), by
a^ singular coincidence, was elected in
Venice, in the island church of San
Giorgio Maggiore. The centenary of
this was celebrated with great pomp
in 1900, a circumstance which may
have some connection with the choice
of a title the new Pope has just made.
It was also Pius VII who crowned
Napoleon at Notre Dame, and who
was subsequently imprisoned and dis?
gracefully treated by him. However,
he lived tc see the collapse of the
Napoleonic system and to return in
triump to Rome. Pius VIII (1289-1830)
is now but little remembered. On
tlie other hand, the unhappy career
of Pins IX (1846-1878) is too well
known to dwell on here. His reign
was the longest in all church history,
and one of the most disastrous.
Pius X now takes up his great office
with every prospect of a paceful reign
and the world at large will cordially
wish him a long one.
COTTON.
Of the cotton spindles in the world
! the United States has one-fifth, Great
Britain has more than two-fifths, the
Continent all the rest except about 7
per cent Yet vast as are our manu?
factures we export almost two bales
for every one we spin.
Cotton is the one and only great dis?
tinctively American "staple." For
six years we have produced three
fourths of the cotton of the world. And
we have sold abroad more than one
half of the world's cotton consumption.
The resulting cash inflow has been
enormous.
In six years the world's cotton sur?
plus has run above deficit by 12,000
bales, one fifth of one per cent. In
three of the six years there has been a
shortage. This year another short
crop, following upon one in 1902, has
been made the occasion of an idiotic
"corner," destructive of a great in?
dustry, driving the price to fifteen
? cents, against a six-year average of
less than eight cents, and closing
foreign mills, as well as our own, to
our product.
What is the result? This question the
rceent consular report upon the
"French Cotton Crisis" answers.
The British East Indian, Egyptian
and Brazilian crop last year was larger
than ever before. Ours was smaller
than in*lS99 by almost a million bales.
Germany sturdily experiments with
cotton-growing in East Africa. The
British Cotton-Growing Associtaion
plans to spend $250,000 on similar ex?
periments under the auspices of the
Colonial Office, on the theory that "it
is madness to depend on America for
cotton. ' ' The French have founded a
Colonial Cotton ssociation for similar
experiments in Nigeria.
Our Southern States are not the only
place in the world where cotton will
grow. Africa, as Egypt has proved,
can produce a splendid fibre. ?
speculative "c?rner" can give to the
effort to supplant our staple more im?
petus than five years of ordinary trace.
And there is no way apparent to check
the madness.-New York World.
Colonists for South Carolina.
Fall River, Mass, Aug. 8.-The an?
nouncement was made today that In?
dustrial Agent Richards of the South?
ern railway will be in this city Mon?
day night to sign the necessary papers
for the transportation of a large num?
ber of colonists to South Carolina
from Fall River and New Bedford.
By this action real progress will be
made in the proposed colonization of
the land adapted to farming, near
Spencerville, S. C.
Emigration parties will start in the
latter part of September or early in
October.
Better Than Lynching.
Henderson, Texas, Aug. ' 8.-Isham
Strong, the nergo surrendered last
night by a mob, which had taken him
from the officers for the purpose of
lynching him, was indicted today and
placed on trial for attempted criminal
assault. He pleaded guilty and was
sentenced to imprisonment for 99 years,
fie was taken to the penitentiary this
afternoon.
This afternoon, shortly, after the
conviction of Strong, a negro, named
Emanuel Thompson, was brought in
from Mount Enterprise, where he had
attempted to assault a Miss Sparks.
He was hurried to the Court House, an
indictment was returned and the trial
proceeded with at once. The jury
returned a verdict of guilty and fixed
the penalty at 99 years' impriosnment.
He will be taken to the penitentiary
tomorrow.
Seneca, Oconee County, Aug. 7.
Pauline Anderson, a little girl, while
in the second story of the new hotel
now being built here, accidentally fell
late yesterday afternoon. The fall
may prove fatal, as she is in an un?
conscious condition this evening.
The fall was something like sixty feet,
breaking sveral ribs. Her back was
seriously injured.
Charlotte, N. C., Aug. 7.-Serious
trouble between negroes and whites is
threatened at Henrietta, the location
of one of the largest cotton mills in
North Carolina. Otis Bird and Virgil
Cudd, negroes, were cut last night and
the former will die. The cause of the
trouble was the alleged disturbance of
a colored meeting by whites and the
cursing of a white boy by a negro. An
armed crowd of negroes was dispersed
by the extra force of policemen on duty
but more trouble is expected.
Elloree, Aug. 6.-Mrs. Daniel Irick
of this place gave birth last night to
three daughters, weighing 4 and 3
pounds each. The babies are fully
developed, bright, healthy looking
little fellows. The mother and chil?
dren are ail doing well.

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