THE QUESTION OF GOOD ROADS.
The Grievous Meed of Them and What
is Being Done to Improve the Present
Bad, System in this Country.
(By F.. Prescott-Bul*ock. )
At all times of the year is felt the
great impoitance Of good country
roads, but at no time more so than
when the cro]?s begin to be hauled to
market. Those who reside in the
towns and cities need the good roads
every bit as much as the farmer, for
with them i;he latter is permitted in
all conditions of weather to deliver
ais produce with ease, lessens the ex?
pense of keeping stock in good order
and reduces to a minimum the wear
and tear on the wagons. Good roads
are compara ti vley free from dost in
. the summer, and, mud in the spring,
fall and winter, they make it con?
venient to send the children to school,
for the family to attend church, they
bring more nrade to the merchant,
and are easier for the physician to
visit his country patients. They are a
benefit to th* health, wealth, prosperi?
ty and general welfare of a county.
Bad roads represent an actual money
value taken from the people. It has
always been admitted that the United
States is sadly deficient in good high?
ways, and noted for its immense num?
ber of roads utterly impassable in bad
weather, but the standing excuse has
been that it is such a new country,
there has not been time for such im?
. This is of the lamest, for no other
nation on the face of the earth has ac?
complished in the same time, one
hundredth part that the United States
has. We have more railroads, tele?
graph and telephone lines, have im?
proved moie rivers, conquered more
forests, watered more arid plains
than all the rest of the world com?
bined. To the bicycle however is due
the first, of the great agitation which
is now taking hold of the entire coun?
try in the interests of good roads. It
was next taken up by the Government
and now is a matter of legislation in
most all of the States.
The question of what constitutes a
good road has been studied out by
the Deparian?nt of Agriculture and
pamphlets by the ton showing just
how a road should be constructed
and preserved have been published,
distributed, "and may be had simply
for the asldng. Experiment stations
?ave been established where lessons
in road making are given.
.Each State has its own peculiar
problem to solve and its difficulties
to overcome owing ' to the various
formations of the land and soil, but
actual experience has proven that
when the proper efforts are made, the
good road is made. The greatest
trouble has been that the money an
nauliy expended upon our roads has
been used in an unmethodical manner.
What is required, is that those in
charge of these matters, should work
with reference to a general plan-such
as better surface, adjustment of
grades, and, where practical, shorten?
ing of distances. Without this, no
matter how well intentioned, the work
will be futile. It is a vast enterprise
to reconstruct the roads of this coun?
try, but a perfect system of highways
would be ?he most magnificent present
possible to the nation, or state. The
most practicable way of accomplishing
this, that I can suggest is the estab?
lishment of a department of roads as
a state bureau, with a sufficient
number of trained surveyors
and engineers who must prepare maps
by counties, with the roads divided
into two classes, highways and common
roads, selected -with careful consider?
ation for uhe future, as well as present
wants, and submit these maps to a
board of county officials.
At the start it is not necessary to
nave the highways of uniformly ex
sjpsnsiY? construction throughout their
As an illustration, take a highway
t)f twenty miles, connecting the coun?
ty seat with some other centre, and
estimating the cost - at SI, OOO a?mile,
the road would cost complete $20,000.
Let this twenty miles be divided into
sections, and the road out from each
centre be improved in proportion to
the radius of the population-that is,
let the road five miles ont each way
receive attention first, and the largest
expenditure of ready money, while the
rest, or the ten miles in the middle,
be worked to best advantage with the
remainder of the funds. This is an
equitable adjestment from the fact
that the travel and population rapidly
diminish from the centres and there?
fore the road receives the greatest part
of the wear near the towns.
This appears to involve a sum of
money much too great to be practi?
cable, but by the issuance of county
bonds, running over a period of twenty
or even forty years, the actual expense
will be borne by two generations, and
the expenditure of this sum of money
in the several counties, and the op?
portunities it will give for work, will
cause a substantial increase in pros?
perity, as the money will all be dis?
tributed among the working men of
Ona pf the most important factors i
in keeping roads in good order is the j
ilse of wide tires for all wagons carry?
ing heavy loads.
The wheels will cost a little more
at first, but the saving in wear of horse
flesh and of wagons, and in repairs
needed upon the roads will many times
repay the outlay.
It has been shown by experiments
in every part of the country that a
double team can draw upon an ordi?
nary wagon with three inch tires just
twice as heavy a load as upon a
wagon with the usual narrow tire?,
and tlye wide tires keep dirt roads in
order'by constantly rolling them./ In
some places in Pennsylvania where
turnpike roads prevail, upon which
toll'is charged, the toll for a wagon
with three inch tires is one half the
usual rates, and wagons with four
inch tires pass free.
A good road system would be the
greatest aid, and the most substan?
tial One, that the state can give to the
The new scientific discovery for diseases
of the throat and lungs, acts upon a new
principle differing greatly from the old
style Cough Medicines which are compos?
ed chiefly of wild cherry and tar, which do
little more than stimulate the lining of the
throat and lungs. Rydales Elixir strikes
at the root of the trouble, it kills the mi?
crobes that cause throat and lung diseases.
It removes the cause and hastens recovery
by helping nature restore the diseased . or?
gans i;o health For sale by ail dealers.
ROW A "BAS BEEN" LIVES.
Manages to Exist on Small Sum
by His FrugaSness.
Seventy cents pays for a week's
lodging. To eat more than-twice a
day is not deemed necessary. On Park
row and the Bowery are several cellar
restaurants where 5 cent?; can procure
a "square meal." The meals are not
totally bad, and the bill of fare is
quite pretentious. Pork and beans,
pea soup, stew, hash and hard boiled
eggs comprise the menu and with
each item four slices of bread and a
bowl of coffee are served.- "Has
beens" who are out of work or who be?
long to the positively idle elass resort
to the penny soup stands,, where a cup
of soup or a cup of coffee and one slice
of bread are sold for 1 cent. Two
meals., at S cents a day, bring the
board bill up to 70 cents for the week.
Substracting this, as well as the
hotel bill, from the original sum of $3
the "has been" finds himself the pos?
sessor of the substantial balance of
$1.60. Free barber schools, where ap?
prentices to the barber's trade perfect
themselves, take care of a "has been's"
tonsorial effectiveness. His hair is
cut and his beard shaved. off for no
other expense than a few occasional
drops of blood or a bit of skin. His
laundry work is done by himself at his
lodging house. If the wardrobe needs
replenishing the old clothes market,
where sales occur daily, at Bayard and
Elizabeth streets, is visited. Pieces
of wearing apparel, hats, shoes and
linen, not good enough to be bought
by the second hand dealers, who have
first choice of the wares .brought from
uptown by the "old clo'es" peddlers,
are offered on the street corner, and
are bought for a mere pittance. After
a purchase a "has been" makes the
necessary repairs and feels a real sat?
isfaction in his bargain.
The Southerner Abroad.
The Macon Telegraph says during
the persecution of its Protestants
France gave of its best blood to other
countries, including the United States.
Likewise the Southern States during
the intolerable era of reconstruction
gave of their best blood to the West,
and later even to the North. In 1S60
there were 950,000 Southern-born
white people living in the North and
Wes'uj and in 1900 this number had in?
creased to 1,500,000, while in 190?
the number of people from other parts
of the Union who had bcome citizens
of the South was 750,000-only half
the number the South has furnished
other sections. Such are the interest?
ing statistics presented by Mr Rich?
ard H. Edmunds, of Baltimore, in an
address before the Alabama Polytech?
nic Institute, showing that the South
has given much more than it has re?
ceived through this interchange.
On this point Mr. Edmunds says
that "measured by whatever standard
you may, whether by mere numbers or
by material accomplishments, whether
in the past or the present, the South
has given to the upbuilding bf the na?
tion far more in numbers, in energy,
in brain and brawn, than it has re?
ceived from other sections." This
presents a very different view of the
matter from the traditional Northern
notion so often shown to be a fallacy
that Northern emigrants are the life
and soul of the modern industrial.
It would be interesting to know how
far this view of the Southerner abroad
would be accepted. It has long been
accepted in New York, but we hear
less with regard to other Northern and
Western centres. "The professional
and commercial importance of the
Southerners in New York,' says the
Sun, commenting on Mr. Edmunds'
showing, "exceeds that of the emi?
grants from any other part of the Un?
ion, unless it be New England. In
law, medicine and the church our
Southern-born inhabitants have won
distinction, and in business they hold
a foremost place. Our indebtedness to
the intellectual vigor of the South is
great and obvious : and generally the
emigration thence to other parts of
the Union has been rerfiarkble for the
high quality of ability it brought."
But the South has not been, robbed
of its strength by its gifts to other
sections, as Mr. Edmunds shows by
those figares of extraordinary indus?
trial development with which the most
of us are. pretty familiar by this time.
Commenting on the showing, the ap?
preciative Sun remarks: "Great as
has been the draft by other parts of
the Union on the South, it still re?
tains sufficient masterful ability in its
almost undiluted American stock to
proceed successfully to the further and j
complete development of ono of the
most resourceful regions on the face cf
the globe. It is a strong race down
there, as even the most casual traveler
discovers by his observation of the
people he sees as he hurries through
- m m ? - -
' A Crooked Cashier.
Raleigh N. C., August 4.-A special
from Newbern, N. C., says: On ac?
count of an alleged shortage in the
accounts of T. W. Dewey, cashier of
the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank, of
this city, the bank has been compel?
led to go into liquidation.
The amount of the alleged shortage
is large, but the sum has net yet
been ascertained. There will be "no
trouble about paying all depositors
and creditors in full.
Mr. Dewey, the cashier, left this
city last Saturday night, stating that
he would return either on Monday
night or Tuesday morning. He has
not returned and it is not known
where he is.
J. O. Ellington, the State bank ex?
aminer, is here to look after the inter?
est of all parties interested.
The bank offers a reward of 8500 for
the apprehension and return to this
city of Cashier Dewey.
There is a newspaper scandal in
Alabama and the newspapers are not
keeping on the cover. Secretary
Rountree of the press association is
charged with making the annual trip
of the press financially profitable to
himself. Passes intended for newspa?
per men were sold to lawyers, bankers
and others. Then the whole party on
a late trip to Canada was assessed ?29
each, or $5,365 in tho aggregate, for
Pullman car service. It developes that
Secretary Rountree paid but 81,440 to
the Pullman company. Certain it is
that Roundtree isn't square.-The
SQUIRE BAILES WINS.
A Conflict in York County in Refer?
ence to Removal or Non-Remov?
al of a Magistrate.
Columbia, August 4.-For some time
Governor Heyward has had und?r con?
sideration a petition, signed by num?
erous prominent citizens of York
County, asking for the summary re?
moval from office of Willard O. Bailes,
notary public of that county. A few
days after the receipt of the 'first peti?
tion an equally large one composed
also of representative men was sent in
by the friends of the notary public
asking Governor Heyward to take no
action whatever in the matter. The
allegations for his removal are in gen?
eral terms and make no- specific charges
of such nature as warrant his removal.
No proof of any illegal acts are ad?
vanced, and inasmuch as the petitions
for removal and the counter petitions
to retain Mr. Bailes in office present;
only general propositions the Gover?
nor does not feel warranted in remov?
ing the notary public until some
specific charges with proof, are ad?
duced. It should be noted, too that
the petitions contain the statement by
re.'.iable parties that a prosecution has
been pending against Mr. Bailes, and
the Governor feels that the Courts
should first take action before he is
called upon to consider the matter, for
the very obvious reason that if the
jury should acquit the officer no legal
complaint exists against him.
During this investigation the fact
was developed that this officer notori?
ously advertised for business. This the
Governor highly disapproves of, as
well as some of the other general con?
duct of the notary. But these matters
aie not such as to warrant the re?
moval of the officer, as they involve
purely ethical, and not legal, ques?
The Governor thinks that, in view
of the petitions and counter petitions
and all of the other evidence, the
benefit of the doubt should be given
1 to the officer, as it is a presumption of
law that all officers do their duty,
and that should he be removed there
is no further redress for him, but in
! declining to remove him the matter is
I still open for such further proof as the
parties petitioning for his removal
deem advisable to adduce.
IH THE INTEREST OF EDUCATION.
Columbia-, S. C., Aug. .">.- The
Southern Educational Board gave to
the State of South Carolina 31,700 to
be used for educational purposes in
the counties of this State, and so far
the central committee, consisting of
Governor Heyward, State Superin?
tendent Martin and President Johnson,
of Winthrop, have expended about
$300. Tlie work will be pushed short?
ly in the countties of Pickens, Saluda,
Chester, Lancaster and others, and
Mr. Martin has sent out the following
circular to all county superintendents:
"My Dear Sir: If you have any com?
munities desiring to consolidate
schools, build new school houses, levy
special taxes, start libraries or make
any.other forward movement in the
line of education, our central cam?
paign committee would be.pleased to
help you in holding an educational
meeting or rally at these places.
"We can help you to the extent of
paying travelling expenses of speak?
ers. There are numbers of prominent
and useful men in various professions
in all parts of the State who will
gladly help in this work, and, while,
we have some meetings already plan?
ned, we might arrange for more-es?
pecially during the month of August,
while farmers are not busy. If you
organize any such meetings, please
send your program to cur committee
for its approval.
"Governor Hey ward and I have
about as many engagements as we can
make, so I hope you will select ether
speakers, and I shall be present at as
many meetings as possible."
BIG STORM IH ST. LOUIS.
St. Louis, Mo., August ?.-One of
the heaviest storms of the year, but of
brief or. ration, swept over St. Louis
this afternoon. The furious wind tore
through the World's Fair grounds, kill?
ing Theodore Richter, a florist, prob?
ably fatally injuring A. R. Clark, a
carpenter, and seriously injuring seven
other workmen, besides causing dam?
age to World's Fair buildings and
other property generally throughout
the city to the extent of $10, COO. '
The day had been extremely warm,
the temperature registering 94 de?
grees. Suddenly the sky began to grow
dark and soon the storm broke with
the force of a gale.
At the World's Fair grounds the ag
ricultual building was struck by the
gale and six laborers, woking on scaf?
folding, were hurled to the ground.
Theodore Richter, a florist from
Kirkwood suburb, was on the ground
running to shelter when a flying
plank struck him. The World's Fair
department turned out and hastily dug
the injured men from the debris and
hurried them to the hospital. A. R.
Clark was so badly injured that it is
believed he will die.
- II i ? H ?II mm -
THE AMERICAN NAVY.
Our navy consists of 100 vessels and
vessels under construction, accord?
ing to figures collected by Capt. Sigs
beo. The existing fleet consists of 10
'first class battleships, 112,329 tons 10
other battleships and coast' defense
ironclads, 41,002 tons: 2 armored
cruisers, 17,415 tons two first class pro?
tected cruisers of 14,750 tons displace?
ment 12 second class protected cruisers
47,100 tons; 23 unprotected and
partially protected cruisers of 32,111
tous; G gunboats, 4,020 tons; 12 tor?
pedo boat destroyers, 5,259 tons 25
first class torpedo boats, 285 tons, and
1 submarine boat of 75 tons displace?
ment. The vessels building are 9 first
class battleships, aggregating 131,200
tons; 2 other battleships and coast de?
fense vessels of 6,428 tons S armored
cruisers, 1U,8C0 tons: 3 first-class
protected cruisers of 28,000 tons; 6
second class protected cruisers, 18,000
tons: 4 destroyers, 1,620 tons: 5 first
class torpedo boats, of 1,116 tons, and
7 submarines of 840 tons. We are
building no unprotected cruisers, no
gunboats and no second classs torpedo
The Net Work Giri.
She wears a net.work waist,
Her stockings .are network too:
I look at her network sleeves and see
Her soft arms gleaming through,
When she raises her fluffy skirts
A little way, ah, me !
I see the dainty bits of white
That peep through the filligree.
You say it is rude of me
To look through her network waist,
Or to gaze below when she lifts her
So dainty and eke so chaste?
Nay, say not so ! It were rude
If I should neglect to see,
Fer why is she wearing her network
If not to be seen by me?
-New York Herald.
Is Indigestion a Disease ?
The best medical authorities say that in?
digestion is not always caused by a dis?
eased stomach, but may result from a dis?
ordered liver, constipation, excitement,
etc. The cause is of little -consequence
when Rydales Stomach Tablets are taken,
as they never fail to digest the food, check
fermentation, free the stomach from ir?
ritating acids and an excess of gas. They
relieve at once, Belching, Heartburn, Sour
Stomach, Fullness after Eating, etc. Ry- I
dales Stomach Tablets have a specific ton- !
ic effect on the stomach and organs of as- j
similation and are guaranteed to cure the j
worst forms of stomach trouble. For sale j
by all dealers. I
^^R^?W-^i Made a
4 Well Man
THE "^Sh of Me.
TfRENCH REMEDY produces the above result
in 30 days. Cutes Nervous Debility .Impotency.
Fariapccle, Failing Memory. Stops ali drains and
Josses caused by errors of youth. It wards off In?
sanity and Consumption. Young Men regain Man?
hood and Old Men recover Youthful Vigor. It
gives vigor and size to shrunken organs, and fits
a man for business or marriage. Easily carried in
the vest pocket. Price TH P TC 6 Boxes $2.50
hy mail, in plain pack-Oy u I ??age, w?t?
TOitten guarantee. DR. JEAN O'HARRA. Pa?i$
China's Drug Store.
^^9^^^ COPYRIGHTS &C.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably patentable. Communica?
tions strictly confidential Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
sveciai notiez, .without charge, in the
A handsomely illustrated weefc'y. Largest cir?
culation of any scientific Journal. Terms. $3 a
rear: four months, $L Said by all newsdealers.
"M & G8.36,ErK:<te'- Raw York
Branch Office, K5 F St.. Washington. D. C.
We claim to be the Lowest Priced Whiskey House. We really sell
?whiskey ss low at $1.10 per gallon, and mind yon, distilled whiskey-not a
decoction Of chemicals-but, of course, it's new and under proof.
"Casper's Standard" 10 year old whiskey is a liquid joy ! It is actually
produced by honest Tar Heels in the mountain section of North Carolina
by the old time process. Every drop is boiled over open furnace wood
?res. in old style copper stills, in exactly the same way it was made by our
grandfathers a century ago. First rate whiskoy is sold at *5 to s6 per
gallon, but is not any better than "Casper's Standard." It is the best
produced and must please every customer, or we buy it back with gold
we are incorporated under the laws of N. C., with an authorized capital of
?100,000.00, and the People's National Bank and Piedmont Savings Bank
of "Winston-Salem, N. C., will tell you our guarantee is good. This old,
honest, mild and mellow whiskey is worth si per quart, but to more fully
introduce "Casper's Standard" we o^er sample shipments of this brand at
half price (packed in plain sealed boxes). 5 Quarts $2.95. 10 Quarts $5.00,
Express Prepaid Anywhere in U. S. All orders and remittances (in stamps,
cash or by check, etc..) as well as requests for confidential price list must
be addressed as follows :
W. S. CASPER C0.; Winston-Salem, N. C., U. S. A.
MAIN OFFICE AND WAREHOUSES : Nos. 1045-48 Liberty and 1. 3,4 and 5 Mapie Sis.
Containing the Mineral Ingredients of Glenn
Springs Mineral Water.
Glenn Springs Carbonated Mineral Water
a delightful table water, and positive cure for
dyspepsia. Gives immediate relief from indi
For sale by J. F. W. DeLorme, The Sumter
Drug Co., A. J. China, and the Sumter Phar?
macy. May 27
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
ANNUAL SEASHORE EXCURSION
IIGHTSVILLE BEACH, 1C.,
OLD POINT COMFORT, Vi, 1
VIRGINIA BEACH, YA., [
OCEAN VIEW, VA., J
Rates From Sumter
Tickets on sale Wednesday, August 19th,
good to return until September 2d, 1903
t hrough Pullman Sleepers and train service
For reservations or any information apply to,
J. T. CHINA, T. A., W. J. CRAIG,
Sumter, S. C. Gen. Pass. Agent,
? Aug 5-19 Wilmington, N. C.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
of Sumter, S. C.
THE Comptroller of the Currency hav?
ing approved the increase of the Capital
of this Bank to ?100,000.00, depositors
now have as security for their deposits :
Capital, - - - ?100,000 00
Stockholders' Individual Lia
! bility, - - . 100,000 00
Surplus and Undivided Prof?
its, - - - 25,000 00
Total Security for Depositor?, ?225,000 00
ONLY NATIONAL BANK IN CITY OF SUMTER.
Largest Capital of any Bank in this
section of South Carolina.
Strongest Bank in Eastern part of this
Interest allowed on deposits to a limited
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
A. J. CHINA, President.
NEILL O'DONNELL, Vice President.
H. D. BARNETT, R. D. LEE,
G. A. LEMMON, JOHN REID,
E. P. RICHER.
R. L. EDMUNDS, Cashier.
R. D. LEE, Solicitor.
J. L. McCallum, D. J. Wine, Jr.,
Oliver L. Yates.
And convenient Optical
Parlors kept open the
year round over De
Lorme's Pharmacy, 21
S. Main Street, by
DR. Z. F. HIGHSMITH,
All difficult repairing
Tte Largest ai Most Colite
Geo. S. Hacker & Soo,
DOORS. SASH] BUNDS,
Moulding & Building
t;_ce ac? V7_reroo_s. Kiep, <..p'iosi?e Ca?
CHARLESTON, S. C\
jj-!F" Parrbasp cur make. which we gunraarc
superior to aoy sold South, uno
therecj ??ave money
Window and Fancy Glass a Specialty
October 16 - c
A PAINT SHOP
kept by a practical painter of ?
30 years' experience, where can
be got Lead and Oil mixed any
color, also Ready Mixed Paints
and Paints for different use,
such as Floor, Roof, iron, Tar?
nishes Bronze, Sandpaper, Put
\ ty, Gold Leaf, Dry Colors, Calso
mine, etc. I want some work
painting and upholstering. 1 ?
will paint your house, Kalso
I mine or paper the walls cheap,
' for, while at work ? am very
apt to find a Sofa, Rocker, or
Sideboard that needs scraping
and varnishing, also upholstered. ?
I have some pretty colors in
Morocoline, Hair Cloth, Mohair
Plush, or I may find a Car?
riage or Buggy that I will paint
for ten dollars and give you a
set of harness free, or paint the "
buggy for five dollars and no
gift " Buggy tops ?9.00, fitted
on Whee s, steel tires, painted
and put on ready for road,
$10.00 per sett. Shafts, paint- ?
ed and trimmed, ?2.00.
Agent for Council's Self-lu?
Office in Curtis Houses, No
326 South Main street.
H. B. CTJKTIS.
Thone 196. I paint signs.
The hammocks being sold by H. G. -
Osteen k Co., haven't a superior inr
Sumter, at the price.
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