Newspaper Page Text
Making Fertilizer from ?ir.
Since the day that Dean Swift de?
scribed the philosopher' of Laputa as
engaged in the task of extracting sun?
beams from cucumber to store up
heat for the winter, men nave been
engaged in the task of extracting life
giving products from the inorganic
?feingdom without, the interposition of
the vegetable or the lower animal
kingdom, and trying to obtain food
directly from mineral and atmospheric
r An important problem has been the
conversion of atmospheric nitrogen in?
to plant food. The air overhanging
every acre of land is sa ip to contain
?8,?OO,000 tons of free nitrogen. Since
half a ton of fertilizer, containing 2
ioar 3 per cent, of ammonia, is consider?
ed a heavy application to an acre the
"conversion of 40 pounds of atmospheric
nitrogen from the immense Quantity
always bathing the plant would ren- j
der unnecessary the application of)
any nitrogenous fertilizer whatever, j
this being the scarcest and most costly
of all fertilizing products. Yet all the
scientists with all their shrewdness
and patience were long baffled. They
could not find a way of combining
free nitrogen to any extent in the
laboratory. The only converters
-known were the leguminous plants,
peas, clover and the ?ike. The method
of conversion was long unknown. But
the science of bacteria has revealed
the secret Nitrogen is absorbed and
converted in the rooiss of the family j
of plants by bacteria existing in count?
less numbers. It has been proved that
in the absence of these little workers
even leguminous plants exhaust the
soiL Then another fact became known.
Bacteria and other germs can be cul?
tivate?y improved, or destroyed
Scientists, such as Pasteur and Koch,
have introduced remedies for diseases
long considered incurable. As the
quality of butter depends upon the
breed of bacteria as much as the breed
of cattle, bacteria tablets are now pre?
pared in Denmark where the finest
butter is made and sold to expert
dairymen in all parts of the world.
Incited by these mets the depart?
ment of agriculture of the United
States conceived the idea of propagat?
ing nitrogen-breathing bacteria in
large quantities and inoculating with
them leguminous plants and even bar?
ren soils. The Winnsboro News and
Herald published a letter written to
Mr. T. K. Elliott of that town by Dr.
A. B Woods, pathologist, in which it
is asserted that the problem has been
sucessfuliy solved and that the depart?
ment is now ready to ship vast quan?
tities of bacteria to farmers with full
directions for utilizing them. The
letter contains. a full and interesting
account cf the process. * After being
propagated the bacteria are reduced to
a semi-inanimate condition, dried,
wrapped in absorbent cotton and ship?
ped to their destination. On being
immersed for a time in warm water,
they become frisky and are ready for
work. Either the leguminous plant
or the soil can be inoculated by a
simple process. A small package will
inoculate an acre, and a farmer can
carry in one pocket 160 packages con?
taining 2,400,000,000 bacteria. The
department by the use of these pre?
pared bacteria has increased the yield
from 100 to 1,000 per cent. A piece of
land that yielded 200 pounds "of un?
fertilized clover produced 2,000 pounds j
A generation or two ago any one who
dared to speak of such things would j
have been stigmatized as a healthy j
descendant of Baron Munchausen, but
the facts given above are contained
in a serious report of the department
of agriculture and must be believed.
This is the crowning glory of a series
of wonderful discoveries in the agri?
cultural field. Dr. Woods writes to
Mr. Elliott: "We expect to be able in
the fall to furnish practically all the
leguminous crops (each of which has
a different kind of bacteria laborers).
You will observe, however, in read?
ing th? article that these organisms are
applicable only to legumes. If you
propose to plant a leguminous crop
this fall or next spring we shall be
glad to send yo? the proper organisms,
if you will notify us before plnting."
Sestet's Buttes Statement
New Orleans, Aug. 14.-Secretary
Hesterns statement of the world's visi?
ble supply of cotton issued today
shows the total visible to be 1,459,-?3S
bales, against JLO67,S43 last week and
1,511,839 last year. Of this the total
of American cotton is 672,439 bales,
against 742,843 last week and 903,639
last year, and of ali other kinds, in?
cluding Egypt, Brazil, India, etc.,
787,000 bales, against 825,000 last
week and 608,000 last year.
Of the world's visible supply of cot?
ton there is now afloat and * held in
Great Britin and Continental Europe
759,000 bales, against 887,000 last year;
in Egypt 8,000, against 47,000 last year ;
in India 471,000, against 366,000 last
year, and in the United States 221,000,
against 212,000 last year.
Eruption of Vesuvius.
Naples, Aug. 16.-The eruption of
Vesuvius somewhat increased today.
The stream of lava flowing from the
erater is divided into two branches.
The longer reaches a distance of 2,500
feet in the direction of the village of
Ottajuno: the other is now 2,300 feet
toward Pompeii. There is no im?
Anniston, Ala., Aug. 17.-A gentle?
man recently arrived from Piedmont,
tells of the killing of Deputy Sheriff
Jim Price of Cherokee county, one
mile south of Palestine, in the camp
of a grading gang on the Seaboard Air
Line late Sunday afternoon. Mr.
Price had gone to the camp looking
for a negro, and when seated in one
of the tents he was surruonded and
killed by other negroes. A posse is
hunting for the perpetrators of the
deed. The sheriff of Cleburn county
has not been notified, it is said, as
punishment is to be meted out with?
out his aid.
Charlotte, N. C., Ang. 14.-A spe?
cial to The Observer fom Washington,
N. C., says 15 prisoners, all colored,
escaped from the Beaufort county jail
early this morning. Two were charg?
ed with murder, one was under a fed?
eral court sentence while the others
were charged with minor offenses. The
jailer failed to lock them in their cells
and they dug through the wall.
POLITICAL GOSSIP IN WASHINGTON.
Financial Legislation Has Every?
body Guessing-Opposition to
Washington, Aug. 17.-Interesting
but conflicting reports are coming from
Oyster Bay regarding the extraordinary
session of Congress and financial legis?
lation. From the "high authorities"
quoted it is evident that the President
himself is at sea in his efforts to
serve all interests. Bound by what
he regards as a pledge to urge the
consideration of the Cuban treaty leg?
islation' in advance of the financial
measure now being prepared by Sena?
tor Aldrich and his fellow members of
the sub-committee of the Senate Com?
mittee on Finance,, the President is
being subjected to such strong pres?
sure from the capitalistic classes in
the east that he has been compelled to
consider the advisability of calling
Congress in extra session even earlier
than had been anticipated, November
9.1 That the President has seriously
contemplated such a move is proven
by an interview Senator Aldrich gave
to the press in which he refers to the
liklihooa that Congress will be called
to convene in October.
No sooner was the possibility of
such an early session learned in Wash?
ington than it was met with the pro?
tests of the practical politicians who
say that they will be fully occupied with
the various state elections in October,
and that no member of Congress can
be spared to attend to national affairs
until the November elections ?re dis?
posed of. Attention ' is called to the
precarious situation in Ohio, where
the democrats give promise of acting,
as one man to defeat Senator Hanna
by electing a legislature hostile to
him. The Secretary of Agriculture
has even promised to go to Ohio and
take the stump to save the day for
the Ohio leader, and it is appreciated
that the most energetic n^&asures must
be taken to recoup the political for?
tunes of the patron of Perry Heath,
August W. Machen, "Cliff" Long,
and other members of the "Ohio
The situation in .Rhode Island is also
most alarming to the republicans. The
democrats in that state have made
! unprecedented gains and bid fair to
control the legislature and all other
important offices. If they are success?
ful this fall it will entiriey disrupt the
republican machine and there will be
every chance that the legislature elect?
ed a year later will defeat Senator
Aldrich, who comes up for reelection
then, and will send a democrat to the
Senate. In the face of this alarming
state of affairs the republicans feel
that they must put forth evei'y effort
to save the state and ultimately to
save the leader of the republican party
in the Senate.
There is also an important contest
on in West Virginia where the re?
publicans are badly divided, many
members of the party having: deter?
mined that they will no longer be re- j
presented by Senator Scott, whom
they appreciate is bound hand and ;
foot to the great coal, iron and rail- i
way interests of the state. Under
these conditions the regular members
of the party are being urged to enter
the state and exert their best efforts
to save Scott from defeat. These are
but a few of the problems which con?
front the republican leaders and which
would be seriously aggravated, if Mr.
Roosevelt were to call Congress in
session in advance of the elections.
On the other hand the condition of
the stock market is- occasioning the
financial experts of the republican
party the greatest anxiety. The
situation is such that, at present, the
Secretary of the Treasury is power?
less to relieve,the market. 'The people,
that is th? "outsiders and ordinary
investors, have come tb see that prices
have been inflated as a result of the
hurrahing over an entirely artificial
prosperity- and they simply refuse to
buy Mr. Morgans " undigested securi?
ties." Now, say the financial experts,
if there should come a money
stringency as a result of the call for
money to move the western crops,
there would follow a panic of serious
proportions and recovery from it would
be so slow that it would inevitably
shatter the vaunted prosperity which
is expected to return Mr. Roosevelt to
the White House, and the peo pie would
turn to the democrats to revise the
tariff and relieve the consumers from
paying the heavy tribute now exacted
by the trusts. Under these conflicting
arguments, President Roosevelt evi?
dently does not know which way to
Cable communication has finally
been reestablished with Bogota and
the news regarding the Panama canal
treaty is most discouraging td the
advocates of that route. No test vote
has thus far been taken in the Colom?
bian Congress but a committee vote
showed seventeen votes for amend?
ments while two who voted against the
amendmerts will vote against the rati?
fication of the treaty itself. Senator
Cullom has been in Oyster Bay in con?
ference with the Pesideni?, and now
makes the surprising suggestion that if
Colombia refuses the privilege sought
the United States might make a treaty
direct with Panama, which is virtual?
ly saying that the Thiited States would
encourage Panama to secede j'rom the
United States of Colombia and estab?
lish a separate government in order to
give the United States tho desired
strip of Colombian territory.
The expected indictments in the post?
inee investigation have not yet been
brought in, although it is certain that
they will be forthcoming in time,
probably within ten days. With the
batch of indictments now under con?
sideration before the grand jury and
two more cases, which it is expected
will be brought before the jury at an
early date, the postoffice.investigation
will doubtless come to an end. The
dismissal of Mr. A. W. Louis has been
definitely determined upon. Lonis
was a protege of former First Assistant
Postmaster General Heath and has been
found to have been grossly culpable in
the purchase of ink, if not guilty of
collusion. It is also believed that John
M. Masten, assistant superintendent
of the railway mail service, will have
togo, and numerous other dismissals
are under contemplation. No attempt
to arrest George W. Beavers, the in?
dicted postal official, has been made
A few more nice hammocks to be sold
at cost to close out. Two or three
which will be sold for $1 each are ex
tra bargains. H. G. Osteen & Co.
THE FEROCIOUS TURK.
Bulgaria's Scathing Exposure of
Men, Women and Children Mas?
sacred in Various Places
The Women Raped.
Men and Women Tortured to Death and
the Prisons Filled With Priests,
Schoolmasters and Merchants.
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug. 16.-The Bul?
garian Government has presented a
memorandum to. the Powers, setting
ont at great length the condition of
affairs during the past three months
in Macedonia, since the Turkish Gov?
ernment undertook to inaugurate the
promised- reforms. The most precise
details, dates, places and names of
persons are given in the memorandum,
the whole constituting a terrible cate?
gory of murder, torture, incendiar?
ism, pillage and general oppression
committed by Ottoman soldiers and
officials. These particulars were ob?
tained entirely from official sources,
such as the reports of the Bulgarian
consuls and agents of the Bulgarian
Government, and, in many instances,
the reports made by Turkish authori?
ties. The Bulgarian Government
guarantees the truth of every state?
ment, and challenges the Porte to dis?
prove a single charge made in the
memorandum, which begins by stating
that during the past three months
the Ottoman Gover hanmesnt taken a
series of measures with the alleged in?
tention of inaugurating the era of
promised reform and of assuring peace
and tranquillity to the Bular?an pop?
ulation of European Turkey, but
which have had the contrary effect of
further exasperating this population
and reviving the. revolutionary move?
ment. Instead of proceeding solely
against persons guilty of breaches of
the public order, the military and
civil authorities have sought every
possible pretext to persecute, terrorize
and ruin the Bulgarian inhabitants,
alike in the large cities and in the
"Wholesale massacres, individual
murders, the destruction of villages,
the pillaging and setting fire to houses,
the arrests, ill-treatment, tortures,
arbitrary imprisonment and banish?
ment, the closing and disorganizing
of churches and schools, the ruining
of merchants, the. collection of taxes
for many years in advance, such,"
proceeds the memorandum, "are among
the acts of the Ottoman administra?
tion of the vilayets of Sal?nica, Mon?
astir, Uskub and Adrianople."
The memorandum next relates in
detail a number of such cases in each
vilayet. Beginning with the vilayet
of Salonika, it states that in the town
of Sal?nica itself the Bulgarian pro?
fessors of the university, the students
and shopkeepers ; in fact, all the intel?
ligent Bulgarians in the city, have
been cast into prison. One hundred
and twenty soldiers entered the village
of G?rna Ribnitiza on May 19, and
tortured to death five men and two wo?
men. During the first three weeks of
July twenty-five villages in the district
ofTikvesch were subjected to the de?
predations of the Turkish soldiers and
Bsshi-Bazouks. The villagers were
beaten and totured, the women violated
and the houses plundered, while the
administrative authorities looked on.
In the vilayet of Monastir artillery
bombarded and razed the flourishing
town of Smerdesch, the three hundred
houses being left a. heap of ruins At
the beginning of July two Greek
bands, with the connivance of the
authorities, pillaged Bulgarian vil?
lages and murdered many of their in?
In the vilayet of Uskub the entire
Bulgarian population has been sys?
tematically persecuted since last May.
The director of the Normal School at
Uskub was imprisoned because his
library contained the "revolutionary"
works of * * Othello' ' and ' ' Les Miser?
In the districts of Palanka, Kos
chani, Koumanovo and Gostigar the
prisons are filled with Bulgarian
priests, schoolmasters and merchants.
During June, the soldiers and Bashi
Bazouks terrorized the inhabitants of
the Sehtif District, torturing the peo?
ple with red hot irons. Similar atro?
cities, prepetrated in the vilayet of
Adriaeople, are cited?
Altogether, the memorandum gives
particulars of no less .than 131 indi?
vidual and general cases of excessess
and outrages committed by the Turkish
authorities. In summarizing the
specific details of the outrages men?
tioned, the memorandum declares that
wholesale massacres were perpetrated
by regulars and Bashi-Bazouks in the
town of Sal?nica acd the villages of
Baldevo, Banitza, Tchourilovo, Kar
binza, Moghila, Smerdesch and
Enidje, whil? the scene of carnage,
pillage aad incendiarism were every?
where terrible. At Smerdesch over
two hundred Bulgarians were shot,
killed with swords or burned to death.
Over 25 houses, and the churches and
schools were set on fire with petroleum
and pillaged, the property being sold
by the soldiers and Bashi-Bazouks in
neighboring places. Similar scenes
occurred at the villages of G?rna
Ribnitza, Igoumenetz, Dobrilaki and
Nikoden. The villagers there aban?
doned their homes and fled to the
mountains. Over 3,000 men, women
and children fled from the Sanjak of
Seres and even more from the Sanjak
It is difficult, says the memoran?
dum, to obtain the exact number of
Bulgarians who were imprisoned,
mostly on the flimsiest pretext, as
when they were released, others were
immediately arrested. The estimates
obtainable give for the vilayet of
Sal?nica, 900 prisoners: for Uskub,
500; for Monastir, 850, and for Adrin
ople, 530 a grand total of 2,800. As
information is lacking from man}- dis?
tricts in these vilayets, it is thought
that, without exaggeration, the num?
ber of prisoners may be placed at even
three times this total. Dealing with
other acts of oppression the memoran?
dum states that the Bulgarian mer?
chants and artisans living in Con?
stantinople and Sal?nica were ordered
to return to their native villages and
were not allowed any time or oppor?
tunity to dispose of their business or
property. Some of these Bulgarians,
who, with their families, had been
established for twenty years or more,
were utterly ruined. As the order ap
plied equally to professors and school?
masters, the Bulgarian schools were
closed before the end of the school year.
The authorities rigorously enforced
the same order against the Bulgarian
priests, making every effort to paralyze
the development of religious and
educational work, and deprive the
Bulgarian exarch of all his privileges
and force the people to come under
the authority of the Greek patriach.
Encouraged by the Ottoman authori?
ties, the Greek Bishops and Archi?
mandrites forced their way into the
Bulgarian churches and burned the
prayer books and menaced the people.
The Archimandrite of Sal?nica de?
clared in'a recent sermon that the
Sultan did not want Bulgarian ex
arches in his empire, if they remained
they would be exterminated.
In addition to the decree banishing
the Bulgarian tradesmen from Con?
stantinople and Sal?nica the Porte
adopted measures to ruin the traders
elsewhere. The Governor of Monastir
issued an order of April 23, forbidding
Bulgarians to go abroad, or even to
Constantinople. This order was inter?
preted to prevent Bulgarians going to
any large city and forcing them to
deal only with Turkish merchants, who
would gradually ruin and supplant
them. The provincial administration
employed every possible means to in?
stall Mussulmans in the Bulgarian vil?
lages. On the slightest pretext the
Bulgarians were forced to sell their
lands to the Turks at any price the
latter chose to pay. Burdened with
taxes, liable to perform statute labor
for the Turkish land owners, the
population is reduced to a state of serf?
dom. This is one of the principal
causes of discontent, and when are
added the exactions of the tax gather?
ers, it is not difficult to understand
why the wretched people should revolt
from such a despotic government and
The memorandum has made a strong
impression in diplomatic circles. The
Austrian diplomatic agent has already
called on the premier to express his
anxiety regarding the results that may
ensue from its publication. The
French and Italian agents also ex?
pressed uneasiness, although they took
a less gloomy view.
TURKEY BUYS BATTERIES.
.Constantinople, Aug. 16.-The Otto?
man Government has concluded
negotiations with the Krupp Works
for the supply, of thirty-two batteries
of quickfield artillery, each consist?
ing of six guns.
RUSSIA GOES IT ALONE.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 16.-The Rus?
sian press does not lay emphasis on
the dispatch of a division of the
Russian Black Sea fleet to Turkish
waters, merely repeating the official
statement without comment. The
Novoe Vremya, in an outspoken
"Bitter experience has shown the
uselessness and disadvantage of all
concreted measures. Now, since the
murder of M. Rostkowski does not con?
cern Europe, we ar? proceeding with?
out any concert, and therefore we can
more confidently predict complete
satisfaction for our demands from
A BRITISH WARNING.
Constantinople, Aug. 16.-The
British ambassador has called the at?
tention of the Porte to the serious
situation in Macedonia. He points
out that grave consequences may at?
tend fresh murders of consuls or
The ambassador had an audience
with the Sultan on Friday.
WHAT IS SAID IN VIENNA.
Vienna, Aug. IG.-It is reported on
good authority that the Russian de?
mands on Turkey were made after a
full understanding with the Austrian
Cabinet, but that the Austrian
authorities had no idea that Russia
intended to support her demands by
a naval demonstration. In any case,
the situation today is considered to
be more favorable to peace than before.
It is said here that Count Lamsdorff,
the Russian foreign minister, advised
Mme Rostkowski, the widow of the
murdered consul at Monastir, tc ac?
cept the $80,000 indemnity offered her
by the Porte, and which she refused,
declaring that she did not want
A Belgrade dispatch to the Neues
Wiener Tageblatt reports that a Ser?
vian priest is recruiting large numbers
of insurgents among the Serb ele?
ment in the villages of the Uskub
Turkish Side of the Story.
Constantinople, Aug. 16.-The offi?
cials here affect ignornace of the
news ihat Russia is sending a squadron
to Turkish waters. They say that
two divisions of the Russian Black Sea
fleet, which recently assembled for
the usual autumn manoeuvres, left
Batoum three days ago, and some of
the vessels will probably visit ports on
the Turkish Black Sea littoral, as
was the case last year, but the move?
ment has no significance and they
scout the idea of a Russian naval de?
Official reports assert that the in?
surgents, when they occupied the town
of Krushevo, massacred all the Turkish
functions r ies. The recapture of the
town was effected by three Turkish
columns, operating from different
points. The bombardment by the
Turkish artillery exploded a number of
dynamite mines behind the entrench?
ments, causing considerable damage.
The insurgents then retired to the
mountains, where the fighting con?
tinues. A large number of insurgents
took refuge in the church of the town,
and the Turkish military command?
ant asked Constantinople for permis?
sion to bombard the church. In reply
he was instructed not to bombard it,
but to accept the surrender of the in
surents. Negotiations to this end are
now in progress.
In the fighting around Peerlepe one
hundred insurgents were killed, and,
according to official information, the
inhabitants of one hnndred Bulgarian
villages have surrendered their arms
and have been pardoned. A dozen vil?
lages in the neighborhood of Peerlepe
have been occupied by the troops.
The Porte denies the report emana?
ting from Sofia that it has armed 5,
000 Mussulmans in the vilayet of Us?
A military train was slightly damag?
ed last night near Veleca, between Sei
encko and Uprili, on the Sal?nica
Line. One soldier was killed and
several others wounded. Two bags of
dynamite were also found attached
to the metals on the Vardar Railway
bridge, near Kuprilli.
TURKEY SHOWS FIGHT.
More Troops Called Out to Crush
Fifty-two Additional Battalions,
About 52,000 Men, Mobilized
to Put Down the Uprising
Constantinople, Ang. 17.-An im?
perial i rade has been issned calling
out fifty-two additional battalions of
troops (about 25,000 men) from the
European province's of Turkey, in
consequence uf the spread, of the in?
surrection in Macedonia. These troops
comprise twenty battalions of reserves
of the first class from the Adrianople
and Sal?nica army corps. The balance
are reserves of the second class.
A dispatch from Sal?nica says two
persons were killed, a number of peo?
ple were injured and that several cars
were destroyed by an explosion which
occurred yesterday on the railroad
between Amatora and Karasonli.
WORK OF BASHI-BAZOUKS.
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug. 17.-A dis?
patch received here from Uskub says
that six hundred Bashi-Bazouks, under
the command of Albanian chiefs, who
are notoriously cruel, have pillaged
and destroyed a number of Christian
villages in the districts of Debre and
Okrida. The Turkish authorities, it
is added, connived at the outrages, and
furnished the Bashi-Bazouks with old
uniforms, in order that they might ap?
pear to be regular soldiers.
THE RUSSIAN DEMONSTRATION.
Sebastopol, Aug. 17.-The squadron
of the Russian Black Sea fleet, which
has been ordered to the Turkish coast,
sailed today. It is under command of
Rear Admiral Krueger. The squadron
consists of the battle ships Catherine
II, Tria Sviatitelia, Rostisla and
Dvenadz at Apostoloff, four torpedo
boat destroyers and six mine and tor?
A RIVER FULL OF CORPSES.
Berlin, Aug 17.-According to a dis?
patch received by the Frankfurter
Zeitung, the river near Monastri,
Macedonia, is full of the mutilated
bodies of women and children, who
have been massacred by Bashi
ROUMANIA PREPARES FOR WAR.
Bucharest, Roumania, Aug. 17.
Acting War Minister Bratiano has
ordered the Geovernment powder fac?
tory and some arms and ammunition
depots to prepare large quantities of
; THE BULGARIAN RESERVES.
Sofia, Bulgaria, Aug. 17.-Orders
have been issued for the mobilization
tomorrow of two divisions of reserves.
It was rumored that they will be used
in strengthening the forces on the
frontier to prevent the passage of Bul?
garian bands into Macedonia. The
officials, however, state that this
rumor is unfounded, and that the re?
serves were called out to undergo their
customary training of fifteen days.
TAKING NEGROES NORTH.
Washington, Aug. 15.-A special to
The New York World from Troy yes?
terday says: Through an organized
movement by the Rev. J. Henry
Duckrey of Cambridge, Mass., 500,000
negroes will have emigrated from the
South to points between this city,
Boston and Providence within three
years. The work of arranging for the
migration has been carried on secret?
ly by the Northeastern and Western
Immigration Society, of which Mr.
Duckery is the president. The
organization has unlimited money at
its command, subscribed by ,wealthy
men and women who believe that this
scheme is the safe and sure solution
of the negro problem.
The negros will be distributed along
the line of the Boston and Maine rail?
road. Many of the coming negroes are
skilled laborers and some are women,
but all are seeking employment. The
colored men say they are. willing to
join the labor unions, but if the
unions do not want them they will
come just the same. Mr. Duckery, is
in close touch with persons in Troy,
Albany and Eastern cities, and says
that from- the encouragement given
him he believes he can get 10,000 per?
sons out of the Soutb hy November 1.
A manufacturer of paper boxes at
Cambridge, Mass., has agreed to em?
ploy 100 of the colored women and ar?
rangements are now being perfected
whereby several thousand colored per?
sons of both sexes will find work. A
large number will remain in Northern
cities, while some will be sent to the
farming districts. Many persons be?
lieve that the coming of so many ne?
groes to this section will fill the poor
houses and cause wild descents to be
made upon the charity organizations.
Many others believe that the working?
men here today will be cut out of em?
ployment. On the other hand, the
members of the emigration society
asserts that they are perfectly able to
take care of every colored man and.
woman coming here, and each will be
provided with employment. Mr.
Duckery has letters from business
men who offer to furnish employment
to thc coolred people immediately.
A Clever Counterfeit.
Washington, Aug. 14.-The secret
service has discovered a new counter?
feit and pronounces it a good one,
capable of deceiving many people. It
is a counterfeit $10 silver certificate,
series of 1891, check letter "D," plate
nnmber 21, J. Fount Tillman, regis
of the treasury: D. N. Morgan, treas?
urer, with portrait of Hendricks. The
following description of the bill is
given by the secret service :
"This note is apparently printed
from plates of photo-mechanical pro?
duction, on paper of fair quality. No
attempt has been made to imitate the
silk fiber of the genuine paper. The
counterfeit is over an eighth of an inch
shorter than the genuine. The green
ink used on the back of the note is
several shades darker than the genu?
ine. The seal is a decided pink, in?
stead of carmine. The general appear?
ance of this counterfeit is excellent
and calculated to deceive even careful
handlers of money. Three specimens
of this note have been seen, all bear?
ing the number 701&348. "
BRE?THITT ASSASSINS APPEAL
Jett and White Formally Sentenc?
ed to Life Imprisonment.
Cynthiana, Ky., Aug. 15.-Judge
Osborne today overruled the motion of
the attorneys for Curtis Jett and
Thomas "White for a new trial. On
application of attorneys for the de?
fense. Judge Osborne granted an ap?
peal and gave the defense until Sept.
9 to file their bill of exceptions and
Jett and White were formally sentenced
to life imprisonment at hard labor.
The troops broke camp, one detach?
ment taking Curtis Jett to jail at Lex?
ington and another Thomas White to
jail at Covington.
SPARENBURG RELIEF FUND.
The Final Report of the Spartan
burg Committee on the Pac
olet Valley Relief Fund.,
Spartanburg, Aug. 15.-The work of
the central relief committee, which
gs rawoanized to deal out to the needy
and deserving after the storm .of June,
which swept the Pacolet valley, is at
an end. Today Treasurer E. S. Ten?
nent submitted his report to Chair?
man R. H. F. Chapman. The work
of this committee has been actively,
honestly and systematically carried
out, such agencies and forces being
used as would be expected from men
of large interests and broad, liberal
ideas. It is safe to assert that no true
object of charity coming under the
notice or attention of the committee,
was turned off from relief or present
needs not supplied. The work has been
censured-all of which was natural
enough to expect. When a period of
enforced idleness strikes six mill vil?
lages like the three Cliftons and three
Pacolets, with no more warning than
a nash of lightning, and providential
disasters sweep not only a section, but
an entire county, no amount of relief
work can carry out immediate allevia?
tion in eafch individual instances
There are about 6,000 people at the
Cliftons, or were prior to the flood ;
and the population of Pacolet is about
the same. The juidicious disburse?
ment of nearly $26,000 to the needy
and helpless among these caused some
criticism, but the thankless work en?
trusted in the right hands was kept
up. No money value can be placed on
the services of Treasurer Tennent,
Chairman Chapman and Mr. H. B.
Carlisle, who examined and approved
or disapproved all claims. They did
their duty well, without any desire
much less possibility of compensation
-for the cause of Lumanity. Today
Treasurer Tennent's report was sent
to Chairman Chapman. It is as fol?
Mr. R. H. F. Capman, Chairman Cen?
tral Relief Committee.
Dear Sir : I hereby submit my re?
port as treasurer of your relief com?
Subscriptions from out of
Subscriptions from Spartan -
. burg, 4,543.29
S Total $25,998.27
Relief committee at Clifton, $10,500.CO
Relief committee at Pacolet, 2,S90.C0
Relief committee at Glendale, 1,000. CO
Relief committee at Fingerville, 500.CO
Relief committee at Whitney, 500.CO
Relief committee at Mary
Louise mill, 100. CO
Orders for household goods,
sent operatives who moved
Burial of dead (balance) 46.00
Sufferers at Upper Pacolet
Postage, 14. CO
Printing, etc., 6.35
Total ' $25,998.27
E. S. Tennent, Treasurer.
The auditing committee have exam?
ined the books and vouchers of the
treasurer of the relief committee and
hereby certify they are correct.
W. E. Burnett, |
A. L. Law,
Jno. A. Law,
A FIGHTING NEGRO.
Killed Four and Wounded Nine
Birmingham, Ala,. &ug. 17.-A
special from Hefiin, Ala., says: News
has just reached here that four men
have been killed and nine wounded in
Randolph county hy a negro named
Sledge. The sheriff and posse are new
in pursuit, but have not yet captured
The trouble started over a difficulty
in a watermelon patch last Saturday.
A party of white men were working
the public road at Beaver Creek, near
Lamar, and when they finished work
they asked permission to eat a few
melons in the negro's melon patch,
Tliey were told to help themselves.
The men began to cut and slash melons
and vines, while Sledge looked on.
The negro warned them to stop and
then went after iiis gua, Returning
he emptied the weapon into the^
crowd, wounding 9 ont of ll.
Immediately Sledge fled. A posse?
headed by the sheriff, overtook the ne?
gro near a bridge over the Tallapoosa
river, five miles from Wedowee. He
was ordered to surrender, but replied
by firing his shotgun instantly kill?
ing Thomas Ebbett and Robert Ford.
Sledge was accosted on the road to?
day by James Moore and Bud Wilson.
Without warning, the negro raised
his gun and fired, instantly killing
Moore and mortally wounding Wilson.
No further details have been received
here, but at last accounts the posse
is still in pursuit.
Maxton, N. C., Aug. .14.-At 11.30
last night an excursion train of ll cars
returning from Wilmington collided
head-on with the caboose of a water?
melon frieght on the main line of the
Seaboard. The flagman on the freight
went to sleep and failed to flag the ex?
cursion train. The caboose was bumed
and the engine, tender and first coach
demolished. Flagman L. F. Jones, of
Lumberton, and a negro passenger
named Gardner were killed.