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HEW KIO OF HOMEY,
Some More "Crisp" Notes-The
Government Likely to Adopt
a NOYS! . Method.
The days of the "crisp banknote*1
are numbered. Instead of being crisp,
the money which the Government
bureau, of engraving and printing will
hereafter turn out will be soft and
velvety, if important experiments
-which are now being conducted in the
presence of treasury officials for the
purpose of demonstrating the advant?
ages of a novel chemical treatment for
paper, prove satisfactory. The pre?
diction is made that the experiments
will prove satisfactory, as they have
been almost completed.- The result of
the adoption of the sew secret process
will be to revolutionize a portion of
the work connected with the printing
7 the paper money of the United
States. Under the new process it will
take just sixty days' less time to manu?
facture a banknote than under the pre?
sent method, which is regarded as ex?
tremely important in the present com?
mercial era, when new money is some?
times demanded immediately and to
supply which the Government has to
lay most careful plans and keep bank?
notes printed ahead.
Besides rendering paper soft and
velvety, the new process also makes
it non-shrinkable, an important ac?
complishment which has heretofore
baffled the ingenuity of the paper
manufacturer, and which, when ap?
plied to the printing of postage stamps
alone, will make ?1 saving of just 20
per cent of stock and work. Because
paper shrinks after it has received the
impression of the head of George
"Washington on the one side, in the
manufacture of jDostage stamps, and
tfce coating of mucilage on the other,
and because so two sheets shrink
alike, one-fifth ar 3 ruined in the pro?
cess of perforating:. Experiments just
made under the new process eliminate
all of this loss.
The invention is the product of the
combined efforts for the last five years
of E. H. Fowler, chief draughtsman
of the coast and geodetic survey, and
D. N. Hoover, chief printer of tha
bureau. When Mr. Fowler took
?barge of the draughting division, five
years ago, he was told: by the chief
printer that it was impossible to print
the maps prepared in the draughting
division, because there was no paper
to be had which w^ould not shrink, and
thus render the m&ps inaccurate as to
. scale, and consequently of no scientific
Taine. All such maps, therefore, had
; to be copied by hand on hand made
linen paper, manufactured especially
of that purpose. In college Mr. Fowler
.had taken a great interest in chemistry
and he at once began a series of ex?
periments Which two years ago result?
ed in the chemiail solution which,
when applied to paper, materially
| -changes its quality. Paper so treated
is declared to be "mellowed and non
shrinkable." The process is not ex?
pensive. It has been patented both in
*a*8 United States and foreign coun
;. ?ries, and although no publicity has
heretofore been given to the discovery
? pf Messrs. Fowler and Hoover, the
I large paper manufacturers of this
^^ntry have heard of the results ac
v'-'icomplishe? and are making flattering
offers to . the inventors for royalty
rights. The Japanese Government
has also bid for the process, and as Japan
> Jias for centuries been considered the
magician of the world in *the art of pa?
per making, the offer from the Orient
is regarded a.s a marked acknowledg
? "mest of merit
The United States Government,
g *~ however,. is to have the fi rsc advant?
ages of the discovery, and should
f .the officials now investigating the pro?
cess decide that its vaule is too great
IJTfeo be kept und sr restraint of patent
??: laws, the Government may buy the
patent and make the process known
to the world.
? Bj the application of the chemical
mixture to a Japanese napkin that
article becomes as soft and pliable as
. & tissue of silk. The chemical pre-,
paration acts as an antiseptic and a
preservative. When applied to old
p, aocumenis it seems to knit the fibre
^together and prevent further decay.
; -Under the present process of printing
paper money the paper has to be tho
\ roughly dampened in water. While it is
'. in this damp condition one side df
the bill is printed. The sheet is then
placed in a steam room and kept under
a high temperature for thirty days,
- lae time necessary for the ink to dry.
/? The shet is again dampened as
v ,in the first instance and the
reverse side of the bill printed..
The thirty-day drying process
then has to be repeated. In cases
where a third impression on
the bili is necessary, which is required
when the printing is done in two
colors, the wetting and drying process
. has to be repeated a third time, and
f: another month is thus consumed in its
production. Besides the delay of this
process the wetting and drying rot the
fibre of the paper, and, although it is
"starched" to give it the crisp ap?
pearance, the starch soon wears out
an4 the bill becomes limp and worn.
"In printing bills on paper which has
r Jbeen treated by the new process no
wetting is necessary. The ink loses
: none of its lustre wnen applied to the
-paper, as under the old process, and
thorouhly dry within forty-eight
hours after the printing is dose. Not
. -*?nly is the appearance of the bill
much handsomer than under the old
method* but its wearing qualities are
believed to be greater. Further ex
jjerimfeats are .to be made with the pro?
cess this week, and it may develop
lhat the bills can be put through the
starching process the same as hereto?
fore, and their first crisp appearance
given, if that is desired, although the
soft and velvety texture would seem to
be more attractive.
The inventors of the new process
had not regarded their discovery as of
great importance, and it was only by
accident that the matter was brought
to the attention of the officers of the
treasury department, who are most
enthusiastic over the results obtained
thus far. Particularly is this so re?
garding the printing of postage stamps,
over which there was a lively contest
Ia bidding betweeon the bureau of
engraving and printing and a private
3Jew York firm. The loss from the
?nkage of the paper had to be figured
the private concern, as well as by
Government, and the bureau ob?
ied the contract by a narrow margin
its favor. With the application of
the new process, and the consequent
saving of one-fifth in labor and
material, the Government will-fare
mnch better on this work than was
expected. Tests have been made of
the process by Julius Bien & Co., a
New York printing firm, on a piece of
work for the Government, which had
to be printed in fifteen colors. Ordi?
narily the shrinkage of the paper, aft?
er it had received several impressions,
wonld have caused a large percentge
of waste when the remainder of the
colors were applied. Bat with the
chemically treated paper every impres?
sion* "registered" perfectly*.
There are some details regarding
methods of applying the new compound
to paper yet to be worked ont, but these
do not present any serions obstacles to
its general application to all classes of
paper. Neither does the expense of .the
preparation prohibit its general use.
The process does to paper what the
mercerizing of cotton does'to that
fabric, so far as an analogous case be
cited.-New York Tribnne.
The Coming of the Rock.
H. B. Geer in Southern Cultivator.
By common consent, the Barred Ply?
mouth Rock is accorded the first place
in the general esteem of American
Ponltrymen. It is not claimed that it
is the long sought " best breed, " bnt
it is admittedly the most popular one,
and is more extensively bred than any
other variety. Therefore, there must
be, or have been something back of
it, at the beginning of it's career, to
make this varriety snch a*'taker"
with the people and there is, really,
some facts in connection with the
making of the Barred Plymouth Bock
that to some extent, at least, accounts
for it's immense popularity.
The English authority in poultry
culture,, says: "The Dominique, or
cuckoo, the parti-colored fowl, is a
great favorite with the English house?
wife." This is saying that they lik?
ed what we now call a barred, or
speckled color, black and white, or
blue and white.
. Next, we observe ?the early prefer?
ence for the "Domiuickers" of our
grandmother's days. They were nearly
always exempt from the hatchet when
a chicken was wanted for dinner, and
were retained as breeders ; which fact
'led to the establishment of quite a
classified variety of "Dominiques,"
j that were later bied true to feather,
and admitted to th e standard as a pure?
That there was a very large *^er cent
of Dominique blood m the Barred Ply?
mouth Bock at it's inception, goes
without saying. This, with the in?
creased size that the Black Java blood
imparted to it, soon put the "Bock"
ahead of the brassy-backed Dominique
in public estimation. Late]-, with
breeding to more perfect feather and
uniformity "of color, the Plymouth
Bock became the prime favorite, a
position it has never surrendered to
In fact, the bringing ont of new
breeds has sustained something of a
quietus of late yars and the fanciers
have held more to the improving and
maintenance of the varieties brought
out five and ten years ago ; which
fact bespeaks a good healthy condi?
tion in the breeding line.
The Barred Plymounth Rock is a
hardy variety, the chickens of which
thrive at all seasons of the year. They
have good stamina for summer hatch?
ing, and the pullets thus brought ont
late in the season make good fall and
winter layers the following summer
and late autumn season. In fait, the
writer once saw ahandsome bunch of
Barred Plymouth Rock pullets laying
in March, that were hatched as late
as October, the fall preceding.
Another good trait of the females
of this variety is the way they lay in
the very early spring months, the
late freeze having no effect on their
laying, as they just keep right on at
it, once they begin.
Taken all in all, this is certainly
a noble variety of the feathered tribe,
hardy and profitable.
?rai . ?? ? ?SM
Postmaster in Trouble.
Columbia, Aug. 1.-Lawrence Cope?
land, formerly postmaster at Bethune,
in Kershaw county, was committed to
jail yesterday in default of 82,000
bond, to await trial at the November
term of United States Court on the
charge of embezzlement. - The hearing
was conducted before United States
Commissioner Verner, and the charge
was the result of investigations; con?
ducted by Secret Service Officer F. J.
G. Pulsifer, who, it will be remem?
bered, worked up the case against the
The charge has been pending against
Copeland for some time, and the in?
spector has had him under arrest for
quite awhile. It seems that on April
29 the Bethune office lost about 31,000
in money order funds and before this
had been short smaller amounts. Officer
Pulsifer had Copeland arrested, some
time later, and the preliminary, ex?
amination was held yesterday before
Commissioner Verner. Copeland ad?
mitted that he drank heavily, and it
may be that this was the cause of the
disappearance of the funds, but wheth?
er this will hold good with the United :
States Government or not remains to
be seen. It is understood that he wfll
employ Col. P. H. Nelson, of this
city, and M. L. Smith, of Camden,
as his attorneys,
i ? ?MiMii ? * - -
Elliott's Emulsified Oil Lini?
Is the best Liniment on the market for
use in the family or on animals. It is very
soothing, very penetrating, relieves quickly
and heals in ail incredibly short time. Try
it you will ?*?t be disappointed. Large
bottle. Price, 22 cents. For sale by ail
Montgomery Ala., Aug. ll.-Cotton
worms have appeared in Montgomery
county and are seriously threatening
the crop. In some sections they have
appeared in large quantities and the
entire crop is threatened with ]r*?in. I
Farmers are buying larger quantities
of paris green to exterminate the in?
sects. Up to this week the outlook
was exceptionally bright in this coun?
ty, but the appearance of the worm is
causing serious apprehension.
The Death Penalty.
A little thing sometimes results in death
Thus a mere scratch, insignificant cuts or
puny boils have paid the death penalty.
It is wise to have Bucklen's Arnica Salve
ever handy. ItVthe best Salve on tiarih
and will prevent fatality, when Barns,
Sores, Ulcers and Piles threaten. Only
25c at J. F. W. TDeLorme's Drug Store.
OLD-FASHIONED HERB GARDEN.
Among the many old country cus?
toms redivivus, none can show more
reason from either a gastronomic,
medicinal or esthetic standpoint for
its reinstatement in popular favor
than the old-fashioned herb garden of
Fifty years ago she was a shiftless
housekeeper, indeed", whose kitchen
garden did not boast its corner sacred
to sage, summer savory, thyme, parse
ley, tarragon and all those other sea?
soning herbs whose distinctive flavors
lent themselves so admirably to those
Which the neat-handed Phyllis
The. garret, come late autumn, was
redolent with the pungent, delightful
odor of vegetable cure-alls and sim?
ples, hanging in dry bunches from the
Then the custom fell into disuse
and American cookery suffered there?
by. Dependent upon a drug store or
corner grocery for all such things, the
delicate seasoning of stews and soups
went too often by default. Not so v?tl.
the French housewife, whose ragouts
and soups are culinary "dreams," for
her seasonings are always at hand and
cost her nothing, as she raises them
herself. If she has no garden, pots on
the window ledge answer the purpose.
So it is with the Italians.
A bed of sweet herbs is not at all
hard to cultivate, even in the circum?
scribed quarters of a city back yard.
It is an especially good plan to start
such a bed near a country cottage, for
the reason that the country store' or
vegetable dealer seldom thinks to add
any of the seasoning herbs to his stock ]
The most useful herbs to raise in
the garden are parsley, chives, sage,
summer savory, tarragon, thyme, car?
away, mint and chervil.
Chervil possesses a most delicate
flavor, besides making a pretty salad
garnish. It comes up quickly from
the seed and.,grows rapidly. It is de?
licious in salads, and combined with
tarragon, chives and cress, it makes
the famous mince of herbs used by
French cooks to "season cold sauces
Tarragon is a hardy prennial which
must be purchasd by the root to start
with. It maks a delicious vinegar,
and lends itself to hot cookery as well
' Sage is also a perennial and besides
furnishing its* well . known .flavor to
"stuffings" and sausage, it is a time
honored and useful remedy in 'home
Hot sage tea will break up a cold if
the patient will remain in bed, buried
under a neap of blankets. That is
what our grandmothers prescribed.
They also used sage leaves to clean
their teeth, and applied it to old, sup?
Caraway is another old timer that
once started, goes on growing forever.
Who can ever forget grandmother's
caraway seed cakes, now happily re?
vived, or her green apple, pie, well
sprinkled with the same aromatic seed?
Thyme and summer savory, the
favorite seasonings of the English
housewife, should be raised from seed
each year, as also the most useful of
all seasonings and garnishes-parsley.
With parsley to fall back upon in an
emergency, the" housewife may de?
corate her meat platter and
dress her table. Parsley sweet?
ens the breath, and takes away
the odor" of onions. If wanted in early
spring, parsley, which is biennial,
may be sowed in September in a
moderately fertile soiL . During cold
weather the plants should be covered
nearly to the top with leaves, held in
place with brush.
The French herb, the pimpernel,
known in this counry as a garden
burnet, is another plant that deserves
an honored place in the herb garden
or kitchen window box. lt gows wild
in many parts of this country and
Canada, where it was introduced by
the French settlers. It has a mild,
cucumber-like taste, which makes it,
when finely minced, a delicious ad?
dition to salads.
A few bunches of chives and borage
add much to the culinary value of
the herb garden.
Lavender, balm and basil cultivated
in the garden or in pots, furnish, leaf
or bloom, the delicious fragrance for
family linen chest-Washington Star.
Big Firm For Bishopviile.
The Heath-Massey-Morrow Co., is
the name of anew mercantile firm just
corportaed with a capital stock of
S30,000, with privilege to increase to
1100, OOO, to do business at Bishopviile,
S. C. The stockholders are Messrs.
R. A. Morrow and W. C. Beath of
Monroe, A. W. Heath and C. S. Mas?
sey of Waxhaw, and J. M. Morrow of
Albemarle. It will be seen at rmce
that this is a very strong concern
The owners of it'clready operate four
large stores, at Waxhaw*, Albemarle,
Monroe and Pickens, S. C., and this
one makes the fifth. C. S. Massey will
be general manager, and three large ?
stores, now being erected, will be
Puta ai End;to it All. *
A grievous wail oftimes come a? a re?
sult of unbearable pain from overtaxed
organs. Dizziness, Backache, Liver Com?
plaint and Constipation. But thanks to
Dr. King's New Life Pills they pat an end
to it all. They are gentle but thorough.
Try them. Only 25o. ^Guaranteed by
J. F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
Bishopviile, Aug. H.-The People's
Bank was organized today with a capi?
tal stock of $25,000. Following gentle?
men were elected directors: W. C.
Rogers, T. E. Davis, J. B. McLuch
lin, A. C. Baskin, J. B. Lane, R. H.
Pittman, J. H. Ellf, J. P. Kilgore
and M. B. McCutchen. At a meeting
of the board this evening W. C.
Rogers was elected president, T. E.
Davis vice president and Julian C
The startling announcement that a pre?
ventive of suicide had been discovered will
interest many. A run down system, or
despondency invariably precede suicide
and something has been found that will
prevent that condition which makes sui?
cide likely. At the first thought of self
destruction take Electric Bitters. It being
a great tonic and nervine will strengthen
the nerves and build up the system. It's
also a great Stomach, Liverand Kidney
regulator. Only 50c. Satisfaction guar?
anteed by J. F. W. DeLorme Druggist.
GEORGIA'S PRISON SCANDAL
Miss De Cris Makes an Uqly
Charge -Whipping Admitted.
Milledgeville, Ga., Aug. ll.-lu the
investigation begun at the State
prison farm here today by the State
prison commission, of charges against
Warden Allgood of excessive cruelty
toward Miss Mamie De Cris, a white
prisoner, she declared that she was
whipped last June, not because she
had been insolent to the warden's
wife, but because she had indignantly
repelled improper proposals made to
her by the warden himself. She was
whipped so severely, she declared, that
slie bore the marks for some weeks and
afterward was compelled to work in
the fields for two weeks. The taking
of evidence has not been completed,
but while Warden Allgood admits in?
flicting the punishment, he declares
it was not excessive and was neces?
sary to preserve prison discipline.
End of Bitter Fight.
"Two physicians had a long and stub
1 oom fight with an abscess on my right
iun?" writes J. F. Hughes of DuPont, Ga.
"and gave me up. Everybody thought my
time had come. As a last resort I tried
Dr. King's New Discovery for Consump?
tion. The benefit I received was striking
and I was on my feet in a few days. 2s ow
Tve entirely regained my health." It con?
quers all Coughs, Colds and Throat and
Lung troubles. Guaranteed by J. F* W.
DeLorme's Drag Store. Price 50c, and
$1.00. Trial bottle free.
^^^?'J We? Man
THE ^^*t*? ^^Nj?^ of Me.
GREAT .SOTSS _
WENCH REMEDY produces the above result
V" in 30 days. Cures Nervous Debility. Impotency.
Varicocele, Failing Memory. Stops all drains and
Josses caused by errcrs of youth. It wards off In?
sanity and Consumption. Young Men regain'Man
hood and Old Men recover Youthful Vigor. It
gives vigor and size to shrunken organs, and fits
a man for business or marriage. Easily carried in
the vest pocket. Price Tft PTC 6 Boxes $2.50
by mail, in plain pack-y y \j | O ?age, wit*
written guarantee. DR. JfcAN Q'HARRA, Pa?iS
China's Drug Store.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably patentable. Communica?
tions strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest acency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Mt?nn & Co. receive
special notice, without charge, in the
A handsomely illustrated weekly. Lanrest cir?
culation of any scientific journal. Terms, $3 a
year: four months, $L Sold by all newsdealers.
MUNN & Co.36,B",a,,,?'' New York
Brandi Office. 635 F St. Washington. D. C
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
of Sumter, S. C.
THE Comptroller of the Currency hav- *
ing approved the increase of the Capital
of . this Bank to $100,000.00, depositors
now have as security for their deposits :
Capital, - . .$100,000 00
Stockholders" Individual Lia?
bility, - . . 100,000 00
Surplus and Undivided Prof?
its, - - - 25,000 00
Total Security for Depositors, $225,000 00
ONLY NATIONAL BANK IN CITY OF SUMTER.
Largest Capital of any Bank in this
section of South Carolina.
Strongest Bank in Eastern part of thi?
Interest allowed on deposits to a limited
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
A. J. CHINA, President.
NEILL O'DONNELL, Vice President.
H. D. BARNETT, R. D. LEE,
G. A. LEMMON, JOHN REID,
E. P. RICKER.
R. L. EDMUNDS, Cashier.
R. D. LEE, Solicitor.
J. L. McCallnm, D. J. Winn, Jr.,
Oliver L. Yates.
And convenient Optical
Parlors kept open the
year round over De
Lorme's Pharmacy, 21
S. Main Street, by
DR. Z. F. HIGHSMITH,
All difficult repairing
Tte Laust ant Most Complets
Geo. S. Hacker & Son.
-MANUFACTURERS OF- v
DOORS, SASH, BLINDS,
Moulding & Building
office and Warerooms, King, apposite Cac?
CHARLESTONS S. C.
Purchase our make, which we guarani
superior to any sold South, and
thereby save money.
Window and Fancy Glass a Specialty
A PAINT SHOP
kept by a practical painter of
30 years' experience, where can
be got Lead and Oil mixed any
color, also Ready Mixed Paints
and Paints for different use,
such as Floor, Roof, iron, Tar?
nishes. Bronze, Sandpaper, Put?
ty, Gold Leaf, Dry Colors, Calso
mine, etc. I want some work
painting and upholstering. I
will" paint your house, Kalso
mine or paper the walls cheap,
for while at work I am very
apt to find a Sofa, Rocker, or
Sideboard that needs scrapt?g
and varnishing, also upholstered.
I have some pretty colors in
Morocoline, Hair Cloth, Mohair
Plush, or I may find a Car?
riage or Buggy that I will paint
for ten dollars and give you a
set of harness free, or paint the
buggy for five dollars and no
gift. Buggy tops ?9.00, fitted
on Wheels, steel tires, painted
and put on ready for road,
?10.00 per sett. Shafts, paint?
ed and trimmed, ?2.00.
Agent for CounciPs Self-lu?
Office in Curtis Houses. No
326 South Main street.
H. B. CURTIS.
Thone 196. I paint signs.
The hammocks being sold by H. G.
Osteen & Co., haven't a superior in
Sumter, at the price.
WHISKEY i? GALLON.
We claim to be the Lowest Priced Whiskey House. We really sell
whiskey as low at $1.10 per gallon, and mind you, distilled whiskey-not a
decoction of chemicals-but, of course, it's-new and under proof.
"Casper's Standard" 10 year old whiskey is a liquid joy ! It is actually
produced by honest Tar Heels in the mountain section of North Carolina
by the old time process. Every drop is boiled over open furnace wood
fires, in old style copper stills, in exactly the same way it was made by our
grandfathers a century ago. First rate whiskey is sold at $5 to $6 per
gallon, but is not any better than "Casper's Standard.77 It is the best
produced and must please every customer, or we buy it back with gold
we are incorporated under the laws of N. C., with an authorized capital of
.$100,000.00, and the People's National Bank and Piedmont Savings Bank
of Winston-Salem, N. C., will tell you our guarantee is good. This old,
honest, mild and mellow whiskey is worth $1 per quart, but to more fully
introduce "Casper's Standard" we offer sample shipments of this brand at
half price (packed in plain sealed boxes), 5 Quarts $2.95,10 Quarts $5.00,
Express Prepaid Anywhere in U. S. AU orders and remittances (in stamps,
cash or by-check, etc.,) as well as requests for confidential price list must
be addressed as follows :
* W. S. CASPER CO., Winston-Salem, N. C., ?. S. A.
] MAIN OFFICE AND WAREHOUSES : Nos. 1045-46 Liberty and 1, 3,4 and 5 Maple Sts.
WHISKEY $IK GALLON.
Containing the Mineral Ingredients of Glenn
Springs Mineral Water.
Glenn Springs Carbonated Mineral Water
a delightful table water, and positive cure for
dyspepsia. Gives immediate relief from indi?
For sale by J. F. W. DeLorme, The Sumter
Drug Co., A. J. China, and the Sumter Phar?
macy- May 27
SPECIAL LOW WEEK END RATES
From points on the Atlantic
Coast Line to Seaside Eesorts,
tickets on sale Saturday, good '
returning including Monday fol?
lowing, attractive schedules, un?
SUMMER TOURIST TICKETS
To Mountain and Seaside Resorts
limited for return passage to Oc?
tober 31st, on sale until Septem?
The following week-end rates apply from Sumter to points
named : Charleston, S. C., ?3.85 ; Isle of Palms, S. C., $3.85 ;
Sullivans Island, S. C., $3 85 ; Waterloo (Harris Springs,)
$3.95 ; Georgetown, S. C., S3 ; Glenn Springs, S. C., ?4,10
Greenville, S C., $4 65 ; Spartanburg, S. C., $4.10.
For full particulars, rates, etc., call on Ticket
Agents, or write, W. J. CRAIG,
H. M. EMERSON, Gen. Pass. Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.