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8?MTXB WATCHMAN, Established April, ?SSOi
lBe Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, IS* 6
?lidated Aug. 2, ISSI.
SUMTER. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 26, 1903.
New Series-Yoi. XXIII. So. 4
's Greatest and Best.
H3 - - SUMTER, S. C
Cb Siatt?ira: at? ?mta.
\- - ..o - j o
Published STOTT Wednesday,
JCT. Gr. Osteen,
SUMTER, 8. C.
?1 50 per annum-ia advance
Ose Square first insertion..$1 00
Every subsequent insertion.... 50
* Contracts for three months, or longer wili
de made at reduced rates.
All communications which subset ve private
interests will be charged for as ad versements.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
CHINESE W?BSHiP SUNK.
Captain of Cruiser and Thirteen
Men Drowned, Crew Rescued.
Hong Kong, Aug. 18?.-The Canadian
Pacific Railroad's steamer Empress of
India, from Vancouver, B. C., July
-?7, and Yokohama, August 10, for
Hong Kong, collided near this port to?
da j with the Chinese crnis?r Huang
Tai. The war ship sank an hour after
the collision. The Empress of India
saved 170 of the crew of the cruiser.
The captain of the Huang Tai, who
refused to leave his ship, and thirteen,
of her crew were -drowned. The Em?
press of India was badly damaged
The Huang Tai was tender to the
naval engineering college of the
Southern Chinese squadron at Nan
King. She was of 2,110 tons displace?
ment, 260 feet long, had 36 feet beam
and drew 20 feet of water. She was
.built in England and had a comple?
ment of 300 men.
The Empress of India, also construct?
ed in England, is one of the finest
vessels off the Canadian Pacific Rail?
road Company. She is 440 feet long
and is over 3,000 tons net register.
THE COLLISION EXPLAINED.
Montreal, Aug. 18.-In an official
explanation of the collision between
the steamer Empress of India and the
Chinese cruiser # Huang Tai, the
Canadian Pacific Railway officials say
the two vessels were running parallel
courses about midnight when, without
warning, the captain of the Chinese
cruiser suddenly tried to cross the bow
of the Emperss of India. The latter's
captain immediately manoeuvred so
that the collision, which he knew
would be the result, should be a
glancing one. The bow of the cruiser
slid along the side of the Empress,
but the starboard propeller of the
Empress caught the cruiser and in?
jured her so seriously that she sank in
a few minutes.
Word comes through an employe of
the Burlington, relative to the pre?
dicament Senator Tillman, of South
Carolina, found himself in when
the conductor came around for his
ticket on his way to Chicago. The
senator found that some one had
relieved him of his annual pass and
then it came to a case of identification.
He told the conductor who he was and
the later telegraphed to the head office
"Man says he's Senator Tillman.
No money, no ticket. What must I
I The Chicago officer answered :
"Ask him what he thinks is the
most important bit of legislation that
could be enacted. ' '
The reply came:
"Man who says he's Senator Tillman
says the most important legislation that
could be enacted, would be to repeal the
This was convincing and the order
Ali right. Let him ride.-Chicago
The startling announcement that a pre?
ventive of suicide had been discovered will
interest many. A run down system, or
despondency inva-iabiy precede suicide
and something ha& been found that will^
prevent that condition which makes sui?
cide likely. At the first thought of self
destruction take Electric Bitters. It being
a great tonic and nervine will strengthen
the nerves and build up the system. It's
also a great Stomach, Liver and Kidney
regulator. Only 50c. Satisfaction guar
Ateed&y J. P. W. DeLorme Druggist.
CANT PAY DIVIDEND.
Order of the Board of Directors
Announcing That no Dividend
on the Common Stock Will
be Paid for the Present.
Richmond, Va., Aug. 18.-The Vir?
ginia-Carolina Chemical Company
directors decided this afternoon to pass
the dividend on the common stock.
The following statement was issued :
' * To the Stockholders of the Virginia
Carolina Chemical Company; Your
board of directors desire to say that
for the year ending June 15, 1903, the
Viginia-Carolina . Chemical Company
actually sold and delivered 982,000
tons of fertilizer, being an increase of
i 25 per cent over its business of the
preceding year. In addition to this
they manufactured 100,000 tons more
of completed fertilizer, which they
were unable to deliver because the
railroads could not furnish transporta?
tion. This large increase in business
necessarily involved the use of more 1
capital during the period between
the sale and delivery of the fertilizer
and the payment thereof by customers.
This additional capital has heretofore
I been easily obtained through the dis?
counting of the company's bills receiv
! able of which, on July 15, J903, the
company had on hand over $6, OOO, OOO,
averaging about $1,000 each, and over
$2,000,000 of accounts receivable con?
vertible into bills. These bills have al?
ways been consdered the choicest paper
issued in the South, and as such have
been readily available for current
j funds. In the unusual finan?ai situa?
tion which existed this year this course
of business has become impracticable,
and it. was accordinly necesssary that
your , company should provide itself
with sufficient additional cash capital
to carry its business over to the fall
months, when its bills receivable are
collected. Your company, therefore,
applied to Messrs. J. P. Morgan &
Co. of New York, who have
organized a syndicate, including
Messrs. Blair ??Co. the First Nation?
al Bank, the National City Bank, the
Morton Trust Company, the National
Park Bank and the Bank of America,
to advance to the company, from time
to time during the next twelve months,
as required, amounts which, together
with its other resources, your directors
deem will be amply sufficient for all
your companys' needs. Such advances
will be made upon the unsecured notes
of your company, leaving your com?
pany's assets in its treasury free for
use in its current business as hereto?
fore, thus indicating the high credit
which it enjoys among the leading
bankers. Although The company now
has more than $8,500,000 cash working
capital,the business offering each year
has increasred to such an extent that
your directors deem it essential that
some plan should be devised for the
permanent provision of additional cash
working capital, so that the necessity
for borrowing so large an amount of
money during certain months of the
year may be avoided. It is expected
that, through the co-operation of the
bankers "above mentioned, some ade?
quate plan will be devised at an early
date to accomplish this purpose. In
the meantime, until such per?
manent arrangements shall have
been completed, your directors
have though it best to sus?
pend the payment of the dividend upon
the common stock.
''Virginia-Carolina Chemical Com?
"By S. T. Morgan, President."
W. B. Chisoolm, of Charleston, S
C., retires from the the directorate
and is succeeded by Edward T.
Stotesbury, member of the firm of
Messrs. Drexel, Morgan &, company,
Director F. B. Dancy, of Atlanta,
also retires and is succeeded by Nor?
man S. Meldrim, president of the
Securities Company of New York, New
E. T. Stotesbury, Samuel Spencer
and Henry Walters form a new finance
The following directors tfere present
at today's meeting: K. B. Addison,
S. D. Crenshaw, L. A. Carr, A. R.
Ellereon, S. T. Morgan, S. W.
Travers, Henry Walters, F. W. Hittle,
E. T. Stotesbury and Norman S.
Meldrim, the last two jost elected.
Absent, J. B. Duke and Samuel
Spencer. , . J?_-i
THE POSTOFFICE SCANDAL
The Grand Jury Resumes its Work
Washington, Ang. 19.-The grand
jury today resumed its inquiry into
the affairs of the postoffice depart?
ment, and it is expected that at the
conclusion of the investigation there
will be another batch of indictments.
The postoffice inspectors also are
still engaged in original inquiries,
and it is understood will present the
facts in the cases of a number of de?
partment employees, which while not
criminal in character are considered
sufficiently irregular to call for atten?
tion at the hands of the high officials
of the department. Among the cases
of this character is that of W. O. Haz
zard, division superintendent of rural
free delivery for the State of New
York, who it is charged, drew a per
diem allowance of S? per day from the
government as if on active field duty
while confied in a hospital under
treatment for a gunshot wound. These
cases have not been brought officially
to the attention of the postmaster
general and no decision regarding
them has been arrived at.
THE TABLES TURNED.
Thief Transferred the Shackles to
Cheyenne, Wyo., Aug. 19.-Albert
Ecklund, alias George Johnson, who
was captured at Rawlins and was be?
ing taken back to Chicago to answer
to the charge of grand larceny, effect?
ed a remarkable escape from Detective
William Marsden. Marsden left Raw?
lins last night with Ecklund, and to
make sure of his man shackled him
to a seat in the smoking compartment
of a chair car. While Marsden was
sleeping besides his prisoner Ecklund
went through the detective's pockets,
secured the keys to the shackles, re?
leased himself and then shackled the
officer to the steam pipes. Having re?
ceived the officer's weapons and other
property, Ecklund left the train at
Laraine, Marsden was not awakened
by the conductor until Cheyenne was
reached, when lie called for assis?
tance. As .Marsden had absolutely
nothing on his person to prove that he
was not a prisoner, the trainmen
would not release him. The railroad
authorities telegraphed to Chicago for
instructions, and when the train
reached Sydney Marsden was finally
released from his predicament. To?
night he passed through Cheyenne en
route to Larmc to try to effect the re?
capture of his prisoner.
Right of Trial by Jury.
The supreme court on last Thursday
decided a case in winch the right of
trial by jury was involved. The case
j originated in a magistrate's court in
Charleston, being entitled Pinckney
against Green. It seems that claim
and delivery proceedings were insti?
tuted against Green, whose attorney
demanded a jury. The magistrate re?
fused to summon a jury unless Green
paid tiie costs, which amounted to 6?.
j thereupon Green's attorney refused to
proceed further in the case and the
magsitrate decided against him. The
j matter was taken to the circuit court,
i but the magistrate's decision was up
I held and the case went on up to the
supreme court. In deciding the case
j the court stated that it was simply a
j macter of the right of .trial by jury in
a civil case, the question of costs not
entering into the case. This right is
j given by the constitution and the de
I cisi?n of the circuit court and of the
magistrate is reversed and the case or?
dered back to the magistrate's court
for a new tria], this time by jury.
Murder is justifiable sometimes The
other day an old negro who had been
a waiter in a big New York restaurant
for thirty years, pulled his gun and
killed his son-in-law, a white man.
The old waiter had stood the squan?
dering of his daughter's husband as
long as he could, then he just killed
him and surrendered to the authori?
ties, remarking-"such things will
happen when white folks and niggers
get mixed up this thick." This is a i
case where the killed should be ac?
quitted in short order. A white man
who will marry a negro ought to be
killed on general principies. In this
case it was shown that the man was a
worthless cuss any way and had no
business living, even among respecta?
ble negroes.-Greensboro Record. ^
BIG FRAUD IN DELAWARE.
Addicks, the Notorious Republi?
can Politician Implicated in a
Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 20.-A
special to the Evening Telegraph from
Wilmington, Del., says:
In the United States Circuit Court
today George Wharton Pepper, of
Philadelphia, receiver of the Bay
State Gas Company of Delware, filed
a bill of complaint against J. Edward
Addicks, United States Senator J.
Frank Ailee and others, alleging
fraud in connection with a transac?
tion involving the stock of the com?
pany, said to be valued at $75,000,000.
The bill charges the defendents, as
directors, except Addicks, with enter?
ing into an unlawful combination to
issue to Addicks 1,500,000 shares of
stock of the Bay State Gas Company
The stock is alleged to have been
transferred on July 3, 1902 The bill
alleges that the stock was not issued
direct to Addicks, but to another
man, presumably on the order of Ad?
dicks. The allegation is made that
the stock was issued to Edwin M.
Post, a New York broker, who is
alleged to have been in the employ of
Addicks, to sell the stock. It is
further set forth that of the $75,000,000
of stock Addicks is believed to still
control a large portion.
JOHN S. WISE OSTRACISED.
Richmond Society Will Have Noth?
ing to Do With Negrophile.
A Richmond dispatch to the New
York Sun says : John S. Wise of New
York has given up the attempt to get
back into the upper set of Richmond
society, a place he was entitled to by
birth, but which he impaired by his
political associations after the war and
lost entirely by his recent activities
in behalf of the negroes here in at?
tacking the constitution of his native
News was received in the city today
that Mr. Wise had cancelled his en?
gagement of a box at the Richmond
horse show, which will be held in
October. Last year the Wises occupied
a box there, but the society people
passed by it with cold stares and there
was none of that hospitality shown
which other visitors received. Mr.
Wise has remembered the treatment,
and has decided not to again face the
Gov. Wise's family is distinguished
and his father was Virginia's chief ex?
ecutive at the outbreak of the civil
war, and signed the warrant for hang?
ing John Brown. He fought bravely
for the Confederacy, and John Wise
was with the cadet battalion at their
glorious New Market battle
After the war, Mr Wise committed
the unpardonable sin, in the eyes of
Southern aristocrats, of joining the
Republican party. As a consequence
he was ostracised socially, and. when
lie made application to become a
member of the Westmoreland club in
this city, he was blackballed. Within
the last year, he has made himself
more heartly disliked by associating
himself with Jim Hayes, the negro
lawyer, in an attempt to break the new
constitution of Virginia. His utter?
ances have been bitter, and he has
paid the penalty in being a social out?
cast in the State where his father was
a loved leader. News of bis cancelling
his engagement for a box was received
here with pleasure.
London, Aug. 20.-Dispatches from
Zunguru, to the colonial office, dated
Aug. 17, give details of the destruc?
tion of the town of Bunni, in north?
ern Nigeria, by a British force of 30
whites and 500 natives rank and file.
The enemy's loss was 700 killed, in?
cluding the former sultan of Sokoto
and a majority" of the chiefs. The
British loss was ll men killed, in?
cluding one officer, and 62 men
wounded. Tho enemy made a despe?
rate house to house resistance.
Puts an End to it All.
A grievous wail oftimes come as a re?
sult of unbearable pain from overtaxed
organs. Dizziness, Backache, Liver Com?
plaint and Constipation. But thanks to
Dr. King's New Life Pills they put an end
to it all. They are gentle but thorough.
Try them. Only 25c. Guaranteed by
F. W. DeLorme's Drug Store.
A CANDIDATE FOR LYNCHING.
Shocking Murder of Girl of Thir
teen by a Negro Man in Hali?
fax, N. C.
Halifax, N. C., Aug. 20.-This
evening, between 7 and 8 o'clock, the
dead body of Mary Jenkins, 13 years
old, was fonnd in the stable of Capt.
Griffin, her grandfather. Her throat
was cut from ear to ear and the body
was tied up in a bag. The girl's
grandmother had been looking for her
and, going to the stable, found it lock?
ed. She put Mary's little sister through
an opening in the door and the girl
stumbled over the body in the bag.
A negro empolyed at the place by
Capt. Griffin is suspected of the
crime. When searched he was found
to have the keys of the stable in his
pocket, a bloody knife, and blood on
his hands and his clothes. He is now
under guard -of a large number of
citizens, as well as deputies and con?
stables, awaiting the arrival of blood?
hounds from Weldon, to be used to
track him from the stable; The whole
j town is thoroughly aroused and crowds
of men have come in from Weldon
armed with rifles. It is - not thought
that the negro whose name is Manna
Pontona, will live to see daylight.
GOOD WORK IN AUGUSTA.
2,000 Vagrants Must Work or Go.
j It is a settled fact that the Calvin
Vagrancy law will be strictly enforced
in Augusta as soon as it is signed by
Governor Terrell. This has been de?
termined upon by the police depart?
ment, and alli that they await is the
authority that will be theirs as soon
as Governor Terrell's signature is
affixed to the bilL
The police declare that there are no
less than two thousand able bodied ne?
groes in the city who have no visible
means of support. They rarely ever
strike a lick of work, and in the" great
majority of instances are not looking
for work. They are never known to
It is freely confessed that all of these
negroes could not get work in the city
if they wanted it, but the majority
could, and if the Calvin law goe3 into
effect, as in all probability it will, it
will be up to them to go to work or
leave the city.
The ^question of how these men live
is an easy problem to solve. They
gamble, steal, work flim-flam games,
and do what is called the "waiting
for the rakeoff" act. By the latter
is meant that the negro women feed
them from the tables of the white
people of the city. It is generally
known that many of the servants carrry
off from their places of employment
large baskets and buckets of victuals,
both with and without the consent of
the housewives of the city. Iii this
way these men get something to eat,
and depend on their wits for the little
clothing they wear.
"It would surprise you," declared a
well posted city detective yesterday,
"to know the" number of negro men
who are now sitting at ease or sleep?
ing in the shade, in the negro quarters
of the city, and in many instances
they have not struck a lick of work in
months. It is from this class that
three-fourths of the cases daily tried
in the Recorder's City and Superior
courts come. They are natural born
criminals. We need the Calvin law to
get rid of these loafers."
"Easeman" is another name by
which the idlers are known to each
Shipping Mules to Tennessee.
Several dealers are engaged in buy?
ing mules in the country which will
be shipped to Tennessee to be fatten?
ed during the fall and winter. Next
spring the animals will be shipped
south again and sold for good prices.
It is said that a very large corn crop
is being made in Tennessee this year,
and that a good profit can be made in
buying mules in this section and ship?
ping them there to eat the corn. A
great many of the mules that are now
g*ung to "Tennessee came from that
Sic e last spring, and some of them
will doubtless come back next spring.
As a rule the mules that are being
shipped are of second grade quality,
and many of them are being taken by
the deajers from people who bought
them on credit and will not be able to
pay for them.-Andej
UPRISING IN CHINA.
j Rumors of Trouble in Various
Provinces in China Which
Threatens to Involve the
I Whole Country.
Berlin, Aug. 20.-A news agency
dispatch received here from Port Ar?
thur says :
"From the different provinces of
China come reports of a rising which
threatens to involve the whole country.
The semi-official Novkkrai says :
" 'The moment has come when, in
view of the antagonism of German
and British interests, an Anglo-Rus?
sian rapproachement is desirable as a
counterpoise to the movement in Ger?
many and America, which is crossing
the interests of Russia and Great Bri?
tain, and to the activity of Japan,
which wishes to make the straits of
Corea a yellow Bosphorus. At present
! Russian and British interests nowhere
clash. An Anglo-Russian alliance is
possible and it is also necessary in
order to protect Europe against the
yellow danger. '
The Novkkrai proceeds strongly to
attack the Russian papers which
urge Russia to wind up her affairs in
Manchuria, and which describe her
policy in the far East as a costly
ANARCHY IN MANCHURIA.
Berlin, Aug. 20.-A dispatch to
the Cologne Gazette, from St. Peters?
burg, dated yesterday, says: "The
situation in the far East is becoming
more acute. Even in Manchuria the
Chinese are assuming an insolent at?
titude towards the Russians, par?
ticularly towards the troops. At one
place stones were thrown at the com?
mander of the troops. While all Rus?
sians are the objects of insult, a spirit
of opposition to the Chinese Govern?
ment is also manifested."
Merging Southern Roads.
A New York dispatch to The Louis?
ville Courier-Journal says: In Wall
street today it was asserted on all sides
that all the Southern railways are be?
ing combined into one vast system.
There will be no big holding com?
panies, but a genuine community of
interests idea bound them all together
for reasons that are plain. Tiie Rock
Island-'Frisco interests and the powers
dominant in the Southern railway are
very f riendly, and, in fact, are work?
ing together with a definite object.
Some of the results of a year's work
are Southern railway and Louisville
control Monon, the Atlantic Coast
Line controls the Louisville, and the
Rock Island controls the 'Frisco,
which extends into Southern territory.
The 'Frisco has control of the Chi?
cago and Eastern Illinois, Evansville
and Terre Haute, and now the Sea
board Air Line: it has an ailiance
with the Illinois Central by which it
gains access to New Orleans, and
friendly relations have been establish?
ed with the Gould lines. The Rock
Island has secured control of ail the j
Southern Pacific north and south lines
in Texas, and it has a contract with
the Southern Pacific. The Georgia
Central is indirectly controlled by the
Thus the territory north and south,
is gridironed by lines directly ccn.
trolled by interests working iii cp^j.
W. H. Wells, chief of construction
of the Southern, states that the com?
pany has decided to posh the building
of the Rabun Gap line faster than
has heretofore been contemplated, and
that che road will be completed in
twelve months. The Southern fhas
also begun the work of constructing
the line from LaFollete to Jellicos by
way of the Narrows, through Hickory
Creek region, so that new coal sec?
tions can be opened. This road will
parallel the Louisville and Nashville
to Jellico and obviate the heavy grade
End of Bitter Fight.
"Two physicians had a long and stub?
born fight with an abscess on my right
lung"' writes J. F. Hughes of DuPont, Ga.
"and gave me up. Everybody thought my
time had come. As a last resort I tried
Dr. King's New Discovery for Consump?
tion. The benefit I received was striking
and I was on my feet in a few days. Now
I've entirely regained my health." It con?
quers all Coughs, Colds and Throat and
Lung troubles. Guaranteed by J. F. W.
DeLorme's Drug Store. Price 50c, and
$1.00. Trial bottle free.