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*4Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at, be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, IS* 6
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881
SUMTER. S. G.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 2, 1903.
New Series-Vol. XXIII. So. 5
The World's ?realest and Best.
T. B. Jenkins, Jr.,
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BISE m senos MIMI
kit Mer's Sharp Reply
fe Sssreiary Wsisss.
Hes Who've Made the Bali Mar?
ket Mst Gamblers-Tfce Plan?
A Fame is Cotton fioet?s Threatens .
Fiffeea Cents a Fair Price For ?be
(From the New York SUB, Aug. 2?.)
Gen. M. C. Butler, for a number o
. years United Stages Senator from
South Carolina, awi a ma^or geenral
buring the Spanish-American war, by
appointment of President McKinley,
is at the Waldorf-Astoria and will be
in the city for severa! days. He goes
from here to Newport on the invita?
tion of his cousin, Perry Belmont.
Gen. Butler has been engaged in
cotton planting ever sisee he came of
age and has owned bis plantations for
thirty years. Siaee his retirement
from the United States Senate he has
devoted particular attention to the
subject of cotton growing and is regard?
ed as eoe of the mest progressive and
best informed men in the South re?
A reporter asked Gen. Butler yes?
terday if he bad seen a statement from
Secretary Wilson, of the agricultural
department, concerning the advance
in the price of cotton and -containing
some severe strictures upon the men
who lately have been operating in the
cotton market The Secretary of
Agriculture did not hesitate to char?
acterize them as gamblers, and to
serereiy/criticise them as such.
"Yes, ? have seen what was said to
have been the expression of opinion of
Sserteary Wilson," said Gen. Butler,
' 'and 1 must think that he ppoke with?
out correct information. Indeed I am
bound to say that he seemed not to
know what he was talking about.
The gentlemen to whom he refers as
gamblers, Messrs. Brown, and H ay ne,
are not only among the most reputable
business men of the country, but are
gentlemen of the highest character.
One of them, Mr. Hayne, is from my
own State, and I think he will stand
fair comparison, as will Mr. Brown,
from Mississippi, with Secretary Wil?
sen or anybody in official or business
life. I must I say I was surprised at
what appeared to me to be a very
reckless charge, one which was not
justified by the facts.
"The fact is that Messrs. Brown
and Hayne have done more for the
prodncers of cotton, the farmers, in
a few months, than the department of
agrienIture has done in ten years. I
was somewhat surprised at Secretary
Wilson, for he did not appear to get
into a frenzy of indignation when cer?
tain other gentlemen in the West were
makings comer on wheat and corr,
which enhanced the value of these two
commodities, and from which tte
farmers got the benefit.
"The Secretary seems to be parti?
cularly concerned about the operators
and the cotton mills ; that the cotton
mills have had to shut down and pct
out of employment large number of em?
ployees, and that therefore it's a
great wrong upon the cotton mills:.
Now in regard to that, Messrs. Brown
and Hayne simply bought cotton from
the bears in the cotton market and
required them to deliver the cotton,
and, of course, the price went up.
* As a rule the managers of the cot?
ton mills all over the country are bears
and sympathize with the bear operat?
ors. Very naturally, their interest is
to lower the price of the raw materia],
and they heeded the repr?sent?t!01
made by the bear operators, exagge
at-ed the last crop of cotton and f aile
to provide themselves with the ra
material to keep their mills goin*
That is all there is in that"
. "Canyon say anything with refe:
ence to the profits in mannfactnrirj
cotton cloth from the raw cotton?''
"Well, only in a very general wa]
A friend of mine who is largely ii
terested in the manufacture of cotto
in the South, gave me some statistic
at one time of the profits from
pound of raw cotton converted int
tho finished product, and I am toi
that in many instances that profit h?
been any there from 10 per cent, to IC
per cent, which of course, is ver
gratifying to me, for I didn't want t
see the cotton mills of the North, c:
the South, either, crippled in an
way. But they have not paid fai
prices for cotton in the last ten years
and if the law of supply and denian
is to cut any figure now s raw cottto
ought to be worth 15 cents a pound.
"And if, as I understand, the mil!
state they cannot manuf acere cotton a
the present price and make any ?none;
ont of it, the simple remedy for tha
istojjbuy the cotton at the ruling prie
and put np the price of the mannfac
tured goods, for I think we may eafel;
expect that we will in. a very fe\
months find a famine ofx cotto:
manufactured goods in this country. '
"What is the visible supply of rav
cotton on the market, and about hov
long would it last"?"
"My information, and I think it i
pretty accurate, is that the visibl
supply of cotton today is about 580,
OOO. bales, which would foe about thre>
weeks' supply for the cotton mills
That is my information1"'
"And how long before the. new ero]
will begin to come into the market?'
"Well, they are picking cotton nov
in the extreme South but, as a rule
colton ought to be rushed in Octobe
or November, and them, of course
the mills can buy what cotton the;
want. And I think I -ought to b<
correct that we are now having th
greatest cotton famine m this countr
since the civil war. I want to repea
that cotton should be selling today fo:
15 cents a pound, if tlhe rule of suppl;
and demand is to cut any figure. ' '
* "What is your information as to th<
number of bales of cotton in the las
"Well, I understand the bears sen
circulars all over this country an(
Europe representing that the ero]
would be 11,500,000 faales, or there
abouts, whereas, if I asi correctly in
formed, it was only about 10,250, OCX
bales, and if the cotton factorie;
were better informed they would hav<
laid in a supply to keep theirfactoriei
"In other words, Messrs. Browi
and Hayne had better inf otnation as t<
the actual crop than the mannfac
turers of cotton?"
"And they took advantage of this?'
"They simply took advantage.of i 1
and acted upon it, and they requirec
the bears to deliver the cotton thal
they bought, and that ie all there is ir
"Secretary Wilson takes an alarmist
view of the foreign competition ir
the growing of cotton, referring tc
the possible increase of the cotton area
in Egypt after the completion of the
"The German, the English the
French and the Russian Government
have for years been trying to find a
locality suitable for th? production ol
cotton, and so far they do not seem
to have made much progress. Ten ox
twelve yers ago-perhaps longer than
that-the Russian Government em?
ployed a very intelligent young cotton
j planter in my State, and sent him into
i Central Asia, with a view to develop
J iug the cotton growing in that coun?
try, but my information is that it
was a failure, and I am inclined to
think that Mr. John C. Calhoun was
right wiien he said that cotton, to be
successfully grown in any country,
must have frost. ' '
I "In view of the increasing world
j demand for cotton, do you think that
we in this country have any cause to
fear foreign competition?"
"Not the slightest. On the con?
trary, I think we will go on increas?
ing the crop. The demand is increas?
ing every year. The enormous in?
crease of cotton factories in the South
is absorbing a great deal of the crop
made in that section, and it's going
to continue, for those cotton mills
wherever properly managed, have made
enormous profits. That is one of the
reasons why it was so important for
the cotton planters of the South to
have what they call an open door in
China, and this is going to be one of
the principal markets for manufac?
tured cotton goods in the South.
"And I want to say in that con?
nection that this country, particular
ly the Southern part of it, is greatly
indebted to Mr. Secretatry Hay, of the
State department, for his able, firm
and distinguished conduct in dealing
with that question of the open door,
j and if he is sustained in that attitude
I do not think that the cotton manu?
facturers in this country have any?
thing to fear."
"What is your opinion, General, as
co the outlook of the present cotton
"My manager, on my plantation,
writes me that the crop is about three
weeks late, but at present is doing
well. However, it is unsafe to form
any opinion about the cotton crop un?
til after September 20. The crucial
period in. a cotton crop is from about
August 20 to Septem' er 20. .
"Then, what do you make out of
Secretary Wilson's statements?"
"Well, summarized briefly, I
should say that they amounted to an
unwarranted, and, it seems to me,
rather wanton characterization of re?
putable business men, doing business
in a legitimate and honorable way,
as common gamblers. That, and a
number of boggeys, apparently the
emanation of Secretary Wilson's rather
vast lack of information on what he
was talking about, seem to me about
all his pronunciamento comes to.
Washington, Aug. 26.-The con?
troversy between Secretary of Agri?
culture Wilson and former Senator M.
C. Butler of South Carolina, as to
whether the cotton planters of the
South will be benefited by the high
prices of cotton forced by the present
corner in that commodity, suggests
the question as to whether the ultimate
result of the present corneT may not
be disadvantageous to the American
cotton planters, regardless of whether
they receive higher ' prices for this
Secretary Wilson in his interview,
called attention to the efforts being
made by European Governments and
by cotton manufacturers in England
and on the Continent to encourage
the growing of cotton outside of the
United States. It has 'been apparent
for some months past to readers of
trade papers and of consular reports
that this movement for the develop?
ment of cotton production in other
countries has been accelerated by the
operations of the bui'l clique in the
American market to" a greater extent
even than would be indicated by
Secretary Wilson's interview. It would
seem that the Secretary had under?
estimated, rather than over-estimated,
the extent of this movement.
For some months past consular
reports from Europe and from almost
every country in the world where it
is practicable to to grow cotton have
contained evidences of this general
effort to increase the cotton producing
area of the world and to relieve manu?
facturers of their present dependence
upon the United States. Reports from
the Latin-American countries indicate
a growing interest in the cultivation
of cotton, ail the way from the Rio
Grande River dowe to Paraguay and
Uruguay; and in India, other parts of
Asia and in Africa the areas devoted
to cotton growing are being steadily
increased. The completion of the great
irrigation work in the Nile Valley will
be followed by a great increase in the
area devoted to cotton production in
Egypt, and. every European Power
having colonial possessions in Africa
is interesting itself in experiments
looking to the establishment of the
j cotton growing: industry in its colonies
I This movement was already under way
before the development of the present
corner in the American market, but
there are evidences that it lias been
greatly accelerated by the operations
of the bull clique.
The high price of cotton lias led to
the work of the European colonial offi?
cers being heartily seconded by the
manufacturing interests of their coun?
tries. Cotton growers' associations
have been formed in Great Britain,
France and Germany for developing
new fields of cotton production, and
an illustration of what they are ac
complishing was afforded by a meet?
ing of the British association in
Liverpool last week, at which it was
reported that in West Africa there are
already 30,000 acres of land under cot?
ton and encouraging reports were made
as to the future possibilities in that
region, with land costing practically
nothing, with labor at from nine pence
to a shilling a day and with free trans?
portation of cotton freight on ' the
colonial railways and on the steamship
lines, which has been granted for the
purpose of encouraging the industry.
The attention that has been given by
United States consuls to this move?
ment for the emancipation of European
cotton manufacturers from the Ameri?
can market is remarkable, in view of
the fact that no special instructions
were sent to them calling for reports
on the subject. Consul General Evans,
at London, reports on the efforts of
the British association to increase the
cotton production of the British West
Indies and cf the British colonies in
Africa. Consul Marshall Halstead, at
Birmingham, forwards information
covering the same ground and Consul
Estes, at Antigua, sends a report on
the encouragement of cotton planting
in the British West Indies
Consul General Hughes, at Coburg,
and Consul Haynes, at Rouen, send
reports on the efforts of European
countries, especially France, to develop
cotton production in their colonies.
The most elaborate report on this sub?
ject from France is submitted by
Consul Thackara, who gives in great
detail an account of the work being
done by the Association Cotoniere
Coloniale to develop the cultivation of
cotton in the French African colonies.
No country is going into the encou
-ragement of cotton production in its
colonies more energetically than Ger?
many. Consul Monaghan, at Chemnitz,
submitted a report as long as last
December calling attention to the
progress being made in the German
East African colonies, and especially
to the good results attributed to the
skill of the American planters whom
the German Government engaged to
go to East Africa to instruct the na?
tives in the proper methods of cul?
tivating cotton. A recent report from
Consul General Hughes, at Coburg,
tells of the results obtained in the
Kilwa district of German East Africa.
He says that cotton received from this
district and tested at the Bremen Cot?
ton Exchange and by the union of
Saxon cotton spinners at Chemnitz
showed that it was nearly as good
in staple, color, etc., as the highly
valued Egyptian product, from seeds
of which it was grown. He reports
that the Manchester Chamber of Com?
merce declares that it is better suited
to replace Egyptian cotton than any
other quality known. Consul Schu?
mann, at Mains, has recently submit?
ted a report on cotton culture in the
German colonies in which he says that
plantations have been established in
Togo Meara Kamerun, German
Southwest Africa and German East
Africa. He also says that a German
syndicate contemplates the culture of
cotton in Asia Minor.
The present cotton corner may be of
some benefit to the planters of the
Southern States during the present
season. It is certain that those who
are able to get a part of their crop
into the market during the first few
weeks of the season will profit by the
present high prices. In view, how?
ever, of the evident determination of
European Gevernments and manufac?
turers to stimalate production in other
parts of the world, and in view of the
great impetus necessarily given to such
a movement by the straits through
which the European mauufcturers aro
now passing, it may well be question?
ed whether the ultimate effect of tho
corner will not be detrimental to the
American planter.-News and Courier.
What is "News ?"
What is ."news"? Some editors seem
to fancy that anything that happens
is news. Others go to the opposite
extreme and deal wholly in fiction or
in essaye. Others think it ts the pro?
ceedings of publie bodies of various
kinds, reported fully and ia routine
fashion. Others hold that it is only
what their backers think the people
ought to know. Others that it is what?
ever has a salacious fiavor.
From the standpoint of the jour?
nalism known as "yellow,." news is
whatever is of concern to the masses
of the people in their daily life, is
there a murder? If it is a common?
place affair among commonplace peo?
ple, it is not "news," If it has some
element of appeal to the imagination
or to tiie universal human feelings,
then it is "news.' And the extent to
which these e'^ments enter in deter?
mines whether "t shall be given a
column or tw. pages.-Frank Lane
Carter's in Everybody's.
What is Life ?
In the last analysis nobody knows, but
we do know that it is under strict law.
Abuse that law even slightly-, pain results.
Irregular living means derangement of
the organs, resulting in Constipation,
Headache or Liver trouble. Dr. King's
New Life Pills quickly re-adjusts this. It's
gentle, yet thorough. Only 25c at J. F.
W. DeLorme's Drag Store.
"THE FIIIIS' COLLEGE."
How Clemson Might Help Agricul?
Thoughtful Letter From a Farm?
er in Lee County Suggesting
That a Small Experiment Sta?
tion in Each County of
Near the Court House, Would be Very
Useful in Imparting Knowledge of
and Arousing Interest in Scien?
To the Editor of The News and
Courier : I have recently fulfilled an
annual promise to myself of about six
years' standing, of a visit to the
Farmers' Institution at Clemson.
They are doing big things there,
considering the institution as a whole.
Along the lines of industrial art, tex?
tile and mechanical knowledge, I
think the progress made is wonderful
and should be a source of great pride
to every South Carolinian.
While the experiments along the
agricultural lines are very interesting
and instructive, and reflect credit on
the management, I think there is
room for further development. Con?
sidering the great number of men now
actually engaged in farming, and the
very large majority of young men and
boys all over the State who will never
be able to take advantage of the in?
structions taught in the industrial
arts of thaG or any other college, but
will remain on the farm to cultivate the
soil, I think it of the greatest import?
ance that the agricultural interest of
the State be developed to the utmost,
and particularly in view of the fact
that we are forced to make our crops
on the worn and depleted soils which
must be done by a different and more
scientific method than that obtained
by our forefathers, with the virgin
soil that made bounteous yields under
Tbe?differences of greatest import?
ance which suggest themselves to me
are : First, that the only experiments
we have are conducted in one extreme
corner of the State, being very inac?
cessible to at least 90 per cent, of the
people, and second, the experiments
made on the red clay hills, at Col?
lege, are in many cases of little value
to farmers in the middle and lower
part of the State, with soil of entirely
different character. A given amount of
potash and fertilizer used in those red
clay hills would not likely give simi?
lar results on the soils of Kershaw
Colleton or Beaufort, nor would sub?
soiling of the soils of the low country
give same results as in the Piedmont
'Tis true, bulletins are issued, and
a great many are benefited therefrom,
but there are thousands all over the
State who never see a bulletin and do
not know that any are issued, and if
they did there are thousands who
would not, through prejudice against
book-farming, and other thousands
who are incapable of being benefited
by such instructions.
As for a practical and inexpensive
plan for improvement, I would sug?
gest the establishment of experiment
grounds of five or ten acres at or as
near each county seat as practicable.
The same to be under the manage?
ment of some practical farmer, who
would furnish the land by lease or
otherwise, and all to be under the gen?
eral management and supervision of
?he agricultural manager, at Clemson
College, who woald furnish fertilizers, j
seeds and general directions as to the j
experiments to be made. The pro?
ceeds of such experiments to go to the
resident manager as compensation for
his services If that should not be
enough, let Clemson College pay $000,
$100 or more additional. When the
amount of appropriation from the
United States Government for that
purpose besides that from State and
other sources, is considered, it would
appear small indeed.
At these county stations the differ?
ent varieties of the staple crops, the
many kinds of grasses, clovers, vetch?
es and forage plants, small fruits and
many other things, the different kinds
and quantities of fertilizers, varying
the elements of plant food, thereby
showing in a sma'l but practical way
what is best suited to each locality.
There could also be used such im-1
proved agricultural implements that}
are of real merit and are within reach !
of the average farmer. What would
be the result of the establishment of
such farms? My opinion is that the
summer institutes held in most of the
counties every year should be held in
connection with the experimental
farms, the operations of which should
be discussed and explained by the in?
stitute men from the College. In
that way in two or three years there
would be such an interest aroused in
advanced agriculture and benefit de?
rived therefrom as South Carolina has
never experienced. I am not posted
as to the full amount of appropriation
from all sources to Clemson for the
pnrpose of promoting agriculture, but
could not help being impressed that
agriculture is not being promoted to
the same extent as some ether branch?
es of the College.
"With small experiments conducted
near each Court House, where it
would be in easy reach of every citi?
zen ; where all the developments could
be watched, more would be accom?
plished toward diffusing practical
knowledge of agriculture, resulting in
the saving of thousands of dollars an?
nually in the purchase of fertiizers,
improved farm implements and numer?
ous other ways.
I hope I have made out a clear case
and impressed those most interested
to the extent that they will exert
themselves to have something along
this line established. With sincere
sv.ishes for a greater development of
agriculture in South Carolina, I am
W. McD. Green.
Mechanics vi Ile, Lee County, S. C.
County Experiment Stations.
Editorial in News and Courier.
We publish today a letter from Mr.
W. McD. Green, of Meehan i cs vi Ile,
Lee County, making a suggestion that
appears to us, and we think will
strike most of our agricultural readers,
as practical and timely, viz: the ad?
visability of establishment of small
experimental farms in every county of
the State,near the county Court House.
Mr. Green visited Clemson College
this year for the first time, although
he has been wanting to do so for the
last six years, and this fact gives point
to his complaint that the College and
experiment station are in a corner of
the State and inaccessible to a very
large number of farmers, especially in
the eastern section.
Hardly any one outside of the im?
mediate vicinity of Clemson sees the
experiment station, except when in at?
tendance on the State Farmers' Insti?
tute or the graduation exercises of
Clemson College. True, he admits,
bulletins are issued from the experi?
ment station, which are useful in
their way, but they reach compara?
tively few of the large body of farm?
ers, and they cannot possibly accom?
plish the same amount of good as
would be accomplished by a local ex?
periment station, that would be an
object lesson to the farmers^ cf the
county every time they visited thti
Court House town, and which would
not be out of their reach when they
wanted to watch any special experi?
ment at any particular stage cf its de?
It may not be within the scope of
thc Act'establisbirg the Federal ex?
periment station that any patt cf the
appropriation be employed in estab?
lishing and niaintaing sub-stations..
but certainly the resources of the Col?
lege from the tag tax and annual ap?
propriations made by the Legislature
are quite sufficient to justifv an ex?
penditure of from 83,000 to 85,000 fer
this purpose, if so much be necessary.
A REAL CURE FOR
It has recently- been discovered that
the germs that produce Malaria, breed
and multiply in the intestines and from
tnere spread throughout the svstem
by means of the blood. This fact ex?
plains why Malaria is hard to cure by
the old method of treatment. Quinine,
Iron, etc., stimulate the nerves and
build up the blood, but do not destroy
the germs that cause the disease.
Rydale's Tonic has a specific effect
"pon the intestines and bowels, freeing
them from all disease breeding mi?
crobes. It also kills the germs that
'niest the veins and arteries. It drives
?rom the blood all poisonous matter
ind makes it rich and healthv.
R VD ALE'S TONIC is " a blood
c.::icier, a nerve restorer, andii Malaria
destroyer. Try it, it will Jbk disar>