Newspaper Page Text
Wit ?Htaroa ann J>o?t|)riiii.
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 21, 1904.
Th* Sumter Watchman, was founded in
1850 and the True Southron in 1868. The
Waicfcman and Southron now bas the com?
bined circulation and influence of both of
the old pape: s, and is manifestly the best
advertising medium in Sumter.
White ?nen who play a ,negro's game
with negroes do, not deserve a better
fate than befell those Illinois white
men who were killed while playing
scraps with negroes near Cairo.
The ' Russians are reported to have
forced the Japanese to evacuate Liao
Yang, but this was brought about by
the dead Russians whom Ger,. Kuro
patkin left behind when he started on
his ioot race to Mukden.
The Democrats of New York State
seem to be unable to agree on a can?
didate for Governor? and some of the
leaders are disposed to call in Judge
Parker to ac? as a referee to settle
the deapute by naming a candidate.
The United State Government apr
pears to have bandied the case of the
Russian cruiser, Lena, that put into
San Fraitcicso, with firmness and dis?
cretion. The Russian Government
wi?? probably not enter a protest, for
the United States officials have ad?
hered to the letter of the law and this
Government is able to enforce its rul?
It may have been a wise precaution
to remove to Columbia the negro mur?
derer, who was in the Dallington jail
Saturday night, but it is an unfavor?
able commentary upon the conditions
in the State when it becomes neces?
sary to spirit a prisoner away from
the county in which the crime was
Mr. Ragsdale, of Florence county,
who was defeated for Congress in the
Sixth District by Mr. J. E. Ellerbe
of Marion is another editor to have
his political aspirations blighted.
This has been a very bad year for
editors in politics and none of those
defeated should feel badly. It does
net seem to have been a personal mat
ter, but a widespread opposition to
electing newspaper men to office.
The Republicans have put out a
slate ticket for State officers in New
York State and the Democrats are
more confident of carrying the Empire
State than ever before. The Republi?
can machine will support the nomi?
nees as vigorously as - it can, bat the
independent voters are said to be tired
of the Republican machine rule and
ready to tum to the Democrats for re?
> The Huntsville, Ala., Grand Jury
that investigated the lynching of a
negro in that town was the right sort.
Ko whitewash was used and the offi
cs rs whose cowardice and neglect of
duty resulted in the killing of a pris?
oner in their custody were called by
name and their offence characterized
in plain English. If such grand ju?
ries were to be had in every communi?
ty lynchings would become unpopular
The National Democratic Commit?
tee is said to be squandering its ener?
gies on quarrels among the commit?
teemen, andbas done little or nothing
as yet to worry the Republicans. If this f
be true, Judge Parker who has the re?
putation of being a skillful political
manager, h*d better take charge of
the campaign himself. The Demo?
crats-' have a bare chance of winning
by hard work and skillful general?
ship, but if the leaders .?pend their
time quarreling iu New York, Judge
Parker may as well be hunting anoth?
Ti;c Japanese Commanders of the
forces in front of Mukden have not
been idle since they drove Gen. Kuro
? patkin ont of Liao Yang. They are
now ready to renew their aggressive
campaign with a larger army tuan
they had before tue battle of Liao
Yang. They have never given up thc
pian to annihilate or capture Gen.
Kuropatkin's army and it begins to
look like they will succeed, unless
the Russians immediately begin run?
ning again and keep it up until they
get out of Manchuria.
The Republicans, it is predicted
will put out candidates for congress
in every district in this State in
which the negroes are numerous and
will do so for the purpose of contest?
ing the election of the Democrats who
are elected. They will try to induce
white republicans of intelligence and
some degree of respectability to be?
come candidates to the end that the
republicans in congress may have some
shadow of excuse for unseating the
Democrats. When a candidate, like
Dantzler, of Orangeburg, goes to
Washington to contest the seat, of a
well qualified man like Mr. Lever,
the fair minded republicans are not pre?
possessed in favor of their brother re?
publican from the South, and are not
willing to go to the length of violat?
ing their ideas of right and justice to
unseat a worthy representative, though
he be a Democrat, to seat an ignorant
negro. The plans of the republicans I
are of no concern to ns, some Dem?
ocrats may say, bat that would be a
mistaken idea, for we are vitally con?
cerned. 4 We mention these rumors
concerning the republican plans for
the purpose of again emphasizing the
necessity for every Democrat to regis?
ter and vote at the general election.
If the Democrats do their duty and
vote in the general election, as they do
in the primary, it will be impossible
to unseat our representatives. Regis?
ter and vote.
The Columbia State has considered
getting up a big writ6 up of the propos?
ed fall festival in Sumter for the Sunday
edition of that enterprising paper,
giving a sketch of the proposed pro?
gram, a write up of the city of Sum?
ter, and printing the pictures of the
leading promotora of the enterprise in
the Sunday State. This goes to show
that the Game Cock Fall Festival has,
attracted attention already, and if the
festival is pulled off, we believe that
the kind of ^advertisement which The
State will give Sumter will be worth
the three or four thousand dollars
which the fall festival costa Travel?
ing men . from all over the state say
that the people ali over South Caro?
lina are talking about the ''big festi?
val week" to be held in Sumter, and
that tbousnds will be here. It will
never do to abandon the project, now,
since it has been advertised.
Commissioner of Immigation Wat?
son has arranged with the railroads to
run home-seekers excursions from the
Northwest-one in October and the
other in November. One excursion
will bring in a crowd for the State
Fair and the other will bring a crowd
that Sumter could capture if we go
ahead with the Fall Festival, get up
a week of entertainment that will at?
tract crowds from all parts of this
State, and advertise it properly. If
we can attract any of the substantial
home seekers from the Northwest to
^Sumter county we have faith that what
they will see and learn of this section
will induce them to buy land and set?
The destruction of property in Hor
ry county by the storm of last week
was evidently very great, after full
allowance is made for the overesti?
mate in the reports sent out by dor?
ry's versatile press agents: and the
people nf that progressive section are
to be commended for not appealing for
outside aid. In recent years it has
become the rule for every community
that is visited by any calamity to
appeal immediately to the world for
help, and it has frequently happened
that the response has been so gener?
ous that the sufferers found themselves
in better financial cnodition than they
were before the disaster. We are- not
opposed to extending help to the needy
whose property and means of earning
a living have been swept away by
storms, fire or flood, but we have
a greater admiration for a people who
bravely face such -disasters and go to
work to retrieve their losses without
calling upon the country at large to
put them on their feet again.
If a cheese factory is as profitable
an enterprise as it is represented to
be by Mr. Yoight, who has established
seven in the upper part of this State,
it would be wise for some of our land
owners and capitalists to estblish one
in the vicinity of Sumter to supply
the local demand. If the local cheese
eaters could not consume the output
of a small factory cur wholesale gro?
cers could probably dispose of the sur?
plus to grocers in nearby towns.
Sumter county has thousnds of acres
of land that could be used for pastur?
ing cattle and there would be no diffi?
culty in producing milk sufficient to
supply not only one but a dozen cheese
factories, if it could be shown that they
are money makers.
Georgia bas a railroad man who
knows Iiis business on the railroad
comoiission and he is making rates
that the railroads cannot dodge. He
knows how to make rates because he
was trained in the railroad service
and goes about it in a business like
way. The result is, the people of
Georiria are beginning to reap the
benefit of reduced frieght rates made
on a just and business-like basis. In
this State we have elected politicians
of all sorts and descriptions to serve on
the railroad commission and no one
has yet been able to find wherein they
have accomplished any practical good
for the people who pay the freights.
One good man with a practical knowl?
edge of the railroad business, and the
ability to make and adjust freight and
passenger rates, would be worth more
than is now paid the three commis?
sioners who draw pay for doiug little
or nothing. Such a man would com?
mand a large salary in the railroad
service, but the State could afford to
pay as much or more than the rail?
roads to secure his services. Unless
the office of railroad commissioner
can be filled by a man who knows
something about railroad business it
should be abolished.
The railroad from Conway to
Sumter will eventually be built, and
by eventually we do not mean some
indefinite time in the dim future,
but within the next few years. It
will be built because the people who
have large property and business in
terests in Horry county need the road
to develop their country and put them
in a position to realize on their invest?
ments, lt will be built because Rorry
needs it, not because it will benefit
Sumter, that is merely incidental.
There is another railroad that is need?
ed, and needed badly, by Sumter and
this section of the State, and, if built,
the benefit that Sumter would derive
would be greater than we anticipate
will result from the construction of
the Conway road. We need a road to
give us connection with the Seaboard
Air Line, and, as badly as we need it,
we see no immediate prospect of its be?
ing built. A road from Sumter to
Bishopville and thence up the west?
ern side of Lynches River to a junc?
tion with the Seaboard Air Line.
Ultimately this road would be extend?
ed to Monroe, N. C., following the
route of a railroad projected more
than fifty years ago. South of Sumter
the road could be advantageously ex?
tended across Clarendon county and
through the richest, healthiest and
most undeveloped section of Berkeley
county, to Charleston. The ^timber
resources of that section of Berkeley
county remain practically untouched
and this alone would furnish a profit?
able freight business for a railroad
until the other resources of the coun?
try could be developed. This is a
road that Sumter and this section of
the State needs and it could be built,
as other roads have been built by the
issue, of bonds if some practical busi?
ness man would take hold of the plan
and push it.
Weekly Crop Bulletin.
Columbia. Sept. 20.-The week end?
ing 8 a. m., September 19, 1904, had
mean temperature of 75 degrees,
which is nearly normal The early
part of the week was warm but the
last four days were very cool. The
extremes were a minimum of 45 at
Spartanburg on the 16th, a maximum
of 93 at Batesbnrg and Blackville on
the 13th, and Blackville and Kingstree
on the 15th.
The precipitation was confined to
the eastern part of the State, and was
excessive from Horry to Chesterfield
counties, the greatest amount being
4.70 inches at Conway. The rain fall
occurred on the 13th and 14th. The
other days were generally fair. Prac?
tically no rain fell in the western part
of the State.
The week has been favorable for
farmwork; except ?n the eastern por?
tion of the State, where the storm of
the 13th and 14th delayed work and
did great damage to growing crops.
. 5 There were numerous reports of de?
terioration of cotton due to mst'and
shedding, and, in the eastern coun?
ties, caterpillars are still doing dam?
age. Considerable damage is reported
in the northeastern counties from the
storm on the Ut h. Cotton is opening
rapidly and picking lias become gener?
al throughout the State
Corn is reported to be in good con?
dition generally except in the north?
eastern connties where it was damaged
by the storm of the 14th. Fodder!
pulling is practically completed.
Rice is not damaged as much as was
first reported ; harvesting and tliresh
ing are progressing.
The weather has been favorable for
haying during the past week The
forage crops are good Potatoes are
generally good, but poor in a few
places. Minor crops are very promis?
- ?mm- . ?. -
The Weekly Crop Report.
Washington, Sept. 20.-Complaints
of cotton shedding still received from
the eastern sections and the northern
portjon of the western sections of the
belt, but reports of rust are not so
general except in North Carolina. The
staple is opening rapidly in all dis?
tricts, in some localities prematurely
and picking is general, although de?
layed by rain in portions of Texas,
from which State as well as Georgia,
scarcity of pickers is reported. Dry
weather is causing iujury to late cot?
ton generaally in the central anud
eastern sections, and a light, or no
top crop is indicated in the central and
western districts, while worms and
caterpillars are causing injury in
Oklahoma, La Ala and South Caro?
lina. In Texas the boll weevil con?
tinue as imagined in the southwest,
coast, central eastern and a number of
the northern counties, as the advance?
ment of the season permits.
Error in Returns.
Bishopville, Sept. 19.-In reporting
the official count of the votes cast in
Lee county, a mistake was made, giv?
ing, R. M. Smith a majority for trea?
surer. The correct figures were :
J T. C. Perrin 810 k and R. M.
Smith 602. Mr. Perrin being elected
treasurer by a majority of 158.
Secretary Reardon has secured sub?
scriptions to the Fall Festival Fund
totaling nearly $2100 and still has
many business men and corporations
to see. If he has been able to raise
that much within the limited time he
has had at his disposal to canvass the
city, it seems reasonable to suppose
that a thorough canvass would raise
the additional ?2,000 that is needed.
Mr. A. D. Eetts delivered an ad?
dress Sunday evening at Magnolia.
Street Church on the "Christian
Life." It was full of force and
earnestness. His illustrations were
pathetic and soul inspiring. He held
the entire congregation spell bound.
Mr. Betts leftMonday morning for Spar?
tanburg, to resume his work at Wof
ford College. His many friends in
Sumter wish him succces in the noble
work he is engaged in.
FIRE IN BISHOPVILLE.
j Boarding House Burned atan Early Hour
This Morning-The Loss Heavy. .
Special to The Daily Item.
Bishopville, Sept. 21.-The large
residence owned by Mr. O. Levy and
occupied by Mr. T. D. Jones, who
conducted a boarding house, was de?
stroyed by fire at 5 o'clock this morn?
ing. The honse and all its contents
were destroyed, there being no time
after the fire was discovered to remove
the furniture or effects of the board?
ers, and the occupants were luck? to
escape with their lives and a few ar?
ticles of clothing that they could se?
cure in their hurried flight from the
The house was valued at $2.500; and
was insured for $1,500. ,
Mr. T. D. Jones lost his'furnitrue
and household effects, valued a $500,
The boarders all lost more qr less
Prof. Thomson, $50; Mr. L?rick,
$200; Miss Wilson $300; Miss Hattie
Roland, $100; Miss Fair, $300; Mr.
Statebnrg, Sept. 20.-Cotton pick?
ing is in full blast. The pickers are
being paid 50 cents a hundred for the
"fleecy staple" now.
The Statebnrg High School opened
yesterday, with Miss Anna P. Burgess
Mr. Tom Price, of Charleston is at
Mrs. E. N. Frierson's
Miss Anne M. Barnwell spent Sun?
day at home. Miss Lily M. Holcombe
was her guest for the day.
Misses Annie Rees and Lee Moore
leave today for Winthrop College.
Mr. Frank P. Burgess, now employ?
ed in Bishopville, spent Sunday at his
home. He spoke of the "rushing
business" done in our sister county.
I Mrs. W. B. Nelson and son Edgar,
are visiting Mrs. S. E. Nelson.
Mr. Earlly Melette, of Bishopville,
spent Sunday with relatives.
Mrs. S. R. Cain returns to ber home
in Pinopolis today, after a pleasant
visit to Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Ramsey.
Mr. Warren H Burgess of Sumter,
was the guest of Messrs. Matt and
Henry Moore on Sunday. .fc^*jH
MORE ABOUT COTTON WILT.
Bureau of Plant Industry Writes Con?
gressman Lever Concerning Disease
in Somier County.
mm M , tmJ? ?*~*?.
Congressman A. F. Lever, who has
interested himself in the effort to have
a government expert sent to this coun?
ty to investigate the cotton wilt dis?
ease that caused considerable damage
in sections of Sumter county, sendsfus
the following letter which is self ex?
2 Washington, D. C., Sept. 10, 1904.
Hon. A. F. Lever, Lexington, S. C.
Dear Sir : Referring again to your
letter of August 8 in regard to the
cotton wilt disease in Hagood, S. C.,
we have to inform you that our Mr.
Orton, who has investigated this
disease, was unable to visit Mr. San?
ders on account of the pressure of
other duties. Since much of Mr.
Orton's time has been spent in South
Carolina, he is acquainted with your
local conditions and has written Mr.
Sanders instructions for controlling
the disease that will enable him to
avoid much future loss, and it is real?
ly unnecessary for ii im to go to Ha?
Our investigatinos of the cotton wilt
have given us quite definite informa?
tion in regard to the cause of the dis?
ease, which has been proved to be a
soil fungus which persists in the land
for many years. Although no direct
remedy has been found, it has been
shown that it is possible to breed va?
rieties resistant to the disease and
several such are in process of develop?
ment, lt is our intention to push this
line of work as rapidly as possible,
in order to relieve the farmers by the
substitution of these improved varie?
ties for those susceptible to the wilt
which tLey are now cultivating.. One
of these straina^gill be distributed in
small quantities next year. It is not
entirely resistant, but it is so much
superior to the ordinary as to be pro?
fitable on infected land.
Very trulv your,
Pathologist and Physiologist.
There's Dysentery-Colic, too,
And Cramps ; but this remember do
Though enemies all babes must
"TEETHINA" will them all de?
"TEETHIINA" Overcomes and
Counteracts the Effects of the Summer
Heat, Aids Digestion, Regulates the
Bowels and makes teething easy.
Costs only ?5 cents._Sept. 21-at
THE OIL MILL GINNERY
ls now running and will Gin all Cotton for
FIFTY GENTS PEU BALE. ?
Six yards New Bagging and pix New i
Ties to our gin customers, 60 cent?.
Capacity, 50 bale.j per day. Work done
with despatch and satisfaction guaranteed.
THE SOUTHERN COTTON OIL GO.
P. MOSES, Manager.
OUR SHOE DEPARTMENT.
II IBM III MM I 1 ------j?. m?u, 11 UMMO?
The season for
Barefooted Boys and Girls
Is practically at an end, and the heart of the shoe dealer made
glad as a consequence, for now their parents will be looking
around for the most desirable place in which to buy their shoes.
We have practically
Nothing New to Offer in This . Line.
We believe in sticking to old friends, and when we tell the
mothers and fathers of these barefooted boys and girls that
there is no shoe in which they can invest their money that will
give better results than
The Godman Brand,
It as as honest a statement as we ever made. This shoe is
not built for style, but for service, and the youngster, who suc?
ceeds in kicking out a pair of them in six months will be so
tired of the job that he will not attempt it again.
We have them also in ladies7, but, of course, they do no
kicking, but a great deal of walking and some talking. Any
shoe can stand talking, but it takes the best of material to
stand walking, and that's what you get in the Godman.
E. P. Reed & Co.'s Line.
Here is where we can suit the most fastidious female. Our
increased business on this line is very gratifying. It is a com?
bination that is hard to beat-comfort, durability and style.
Their patent leather Bloucher gotten out this season is the
swellest shoe we have seen. Ask to see it.
Our friend Reynolds met with the misfortune of having his
factory destroyed by fire last winter, but we found an excellent
substitute in "THE KING QUALITY." We sold these goods
quite freely during the spring and summer, and if anyone
found fault with them it has not been reported to us. The
brand would indicate that they are good enough for the royalty
and if that be true, they ought to satisfy the most fastidious of
Our Winner Shoe at $1.50 is a very popular num
j ber We buy them by the thousand pairs. We carry one of*
I the largest stocks of shoes in the State, and if you want honest
! footwear, this is the place to get it.
O'DONNELL & COMPANY.
BOOTH LIVE STOCK CO.
Our buyer has just returned from the Western markets.
This means a choice car of horses and mules to arrive aboufr
Thursday, September 22nd. High class' harness and saddle
horses and good all round farm horses and mules.
We have recently received a car of
White Hickory Wagons,
Warranted to us-we guarantee them to our friends and cus?
tomers. One car
This, justly popular buggy is even better, if possible, than ever.
Every buggy warranted.
The next time you are in town see our buggy and harness,
the two for ?35.00.
A few one and two horse wagons at less than manufacturers7
prices, fully warranted.
Lime, cement, hair, terra cotta pipe, stove flues and building
material generally. '
One thousand bushels home; raised South Carolina Rust Proof
The First of the Season.
A choice car load of horses and
mules just received and need sell?
ing. Among them are some extra
nice drivers, some good smoothe,
full made work horses and a few
nice mules. All young and
sound. I will appreciate a look
from you whether you are ready
to buy or not.
A. D. HARBY.