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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, October 05, 1904, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1904-10-05/ed-1/seq-6/

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Quarter of 1904 Opened With
Stich Brighter Prosp ects
Than Prevailed Last Year.
25ew York, Sept 30.- R. G. Dun&
.s weekly review of trade tocior
wiil say :
?? last quarter of 1904 opens with
:h brighter prospects than prevail
a year ago. At that time securities
" fallen on an average of $34 a share
a the top point-a year previous,
there was a general disposition to
manufacturing and commer?ai
orations-because of the heavy losses
nation was entering on a period of
iservatism, augmented by name rons
>r controversies. At the present
ie there am no alarming features,
ces are few: and r?important,
while the indications of growing con?
fidence are numerous. Basin sss does -
nor show the hesitation customary
buring the closings weeks of ?"presi?
dential campaign, and the * prospects
cf profitable agricultural results
stimulate trade, especially, aaion^ re
jfcj tailers at the west and south. Build?
ing operations are expanding, provid?
ing a* better demand for lumber and
materials. Clothing and kindred lines
are stimulated by colder weather and
clearance sales are well attended.
Manufacturing plants are decreasing
the proportion of idle machinery, the
chief complaint coming frc m cotton
milis, which suffer from the disparity
between prices of raw material and
finished products. Railway earnings
for September exceeded last; years %
?.5 per cent Security markets have
risen $14: above tba corresponding date
last year and money is easy ?nd.abun?
dant
Textile manufacturing -plants are ]
still operating on reduced lime, par
''?ticularly- as to the New England cot?
ton goods division. There is no ac?
cumulation of cotton goods, but pur?
chasers persist insjisregarding future
seeds, confining business to immedi?
ate requirement only. Export trade
is less active but it has served to re?
duce supplies.
Failures this week nnmbered 223 in
the United States against 226 last
/year.
HESTER'S 03TT0I? STATEMENT.
/The Movement of Cotton Continues
Larger Than Last Year.
Kew Orleans, Sept 30.-Secretary
Hester's New Orleans cotton sta te?
il' snest issued today shows that the
?mount brought into sight for the
'month of September was 1,362,445
bales against; 750,233 last year* and
2,256.691 year before last.
The statement shows receipts at all
United States ports for i;he month
?,06%631 against 567,608 last year; net
shipments overland 14,023 agaiust
1,895 last year ; southern mill tak?
ings, exclusive of consumption at
i sontbsrn ontports, 153,000 ajtainst 118,
-300 last year : and interior stocks ia
"exc?s? of amounts held'Sept 1st, 12*
* 79? against 62,730 last year.
American mills have taken during
-the month 265*517 bales against 232,757
--last year, of which 109,960 was by
northern spinners and Canada over?
hand against 110,8121
Foreign exports for September were
*T877,730, showing an increpe over the
sam* period last year of 426,717.
Siccks at the seaboard and the 29
pleading southern interioi markets at
the close of September uere 581,160
against 444,257 last year.
Inc?ndins stocks left over apports
and iL'teriur towns from 1 be -last crop
?nd the " nnmber of baie.*, of the new
crop brought into sight during Sep?
tember the supply to date is 1,524,412
against 918,032 last year.
The movement into sis hr during the
past week has been 551,564 against
36&B94 for the seven days anding Sept.
38 lust year.
m wai?T???T mm.
Au Qid Schoof English Statesman
basses Awaw Fall of Years
38* Honors.
Xondon, Oct 1 -R;;. Hon. Sir
William Vernon Harennrt, foamer
Chancellor exchequer an 3 secretary ot
tbs home omeo died at 9 o'clock this
x&orsinsr. His death ir eas s to Eng?
land tte loss of anotar old school
sfeatesmeii Sir William in the time
of Gladstone's power was one of. the
best known Scares in British politi?
cal life and was often mentioned as
tlte probable successor of Gladstone as
premier. De was born October 14th,
issn.
His death ?as sadden, following !
Seasrai Payne Better, Bot Still HI.
Sp^tftl to The Daily ham.
W*??bii2j?t'->iv 0?l. I.-Postmaster
Qextral Payne's condirion tn j s mora?
rse was slightly better than at any
fame yesterday. He rested well dnr
tog the night bot is not yet our of
-?aa?er.
- ?- ?.?^.^?i
ITsapns, N. Y,, Oct L.-Judge Par?
ker, today attended tae marriage, of
bis iate ward. Miss Katbyrine Law
ten, at West Park,?to Robert Living?
ston who is a scion of the family of
t?ee first New York chancellor. " He
toasted the bride at the reception fol?
lowing the wedding.
Charleston, Sept 30.-William C.
Horlbeck, well known young man of
prominent family, committed suicide
Chis afternoon by shooting himself in
tiie head with a pistol at his residence
on Rutledge: avenue. Horlbeck had
been in poor health recently and it is
thought that in a moment of temporary
aberration of mind he committed
the rash act.
Philadelphia, Oct 1.-A mau,
.whom the police at the dock said was
Alfonso J. Whitman, a notorious for?
ger, who escaped frc m detectives on
the Lake Shore train Thursday night
Oy jumping through a window, sailed
for Liverpool shortly before 10 o'clock
this morning on the steamer Norland.
Police say they had no warrant to ar?
rest bim. There is abundant evidence
t?&t the man was Whitman.
44 When pain ends, too;"" and when
?t'-s " too mach trouble" to advertise
aggressively it's idle to hope for
mom-growth.
A VALUABLE PATENT.
Mr. C. M; Furman Invents a Cal
culating Machine that May
Supplants ail the Others.
Rapid Multiplication.
The calcnlaating machine, which
Mr. Charles M. Fnrman. Jr., one of
tbe popular young men with the Cole
man-Wagener Hardware Co., has jost
recently had patented, is attracting
considerable attention in the State.
His machine is intended to do the
multiplying which all paymasters find
so irksome, and promises to replace
all such machines now in nse as wage
calculators.
The Greenville News says of the
machine "The machine is to be used
largely in the calculation of wases.
For instance, if a man works 53%
hours for.a week, and received $17.25
per week for sixty hours, by pressing
two buttons, which are indicated on
the machine, the amount will appear
before you, thereby saving the trou?
ble of multiplying fractions. About
eighty different rates can be put into
the machine, which is about 18 inches
square and three inches high.'7
The special merit of Mr. Furman's
invention is that it calculates in frac?
tions, which cannot be done by other
machines, of its kind. The inventor
has not decided yet whether he will
sell the patent outright or form a
' stock company. The machine will be
S in great demand in the big manufac
j turers' offices or anywhere in the re
I gion of pay rolls. It is a, great labor
saver and practiaclly indestructible in
make up.-News and Courier.
GSNTfiOLLfNsloLLWEEVIL IN SEED.
Agricultural Department Makes
Recommen dations Designed
to Retard Spread of Pest.
Washington, Sept. 30.-The depart?
ment of agriculture has issued a re
: portion its investigation of the problem
of controlling the boll weevils in cot?
ton seed and at ginneries. The report
makes several recommendations de?
signed to greatly retard the present
rate of spread of the great cotton pest
and says that such means of control
aro imperative. The report recom?
mends storage of the seed in a build?
ing separate from the seed cotton stor?
age house; the installation in the lat?
ter of special cleaners or droppers,
which also would faciliate ginning;
more extensive? use of cleaner feeders j
and cotton cleaners in the gin house
proper, the trash therefrom to be so
treated as to destroy the weevils and
the perfecting of a device for remov?
ing and destroying the weevils in the
seed and motes. The report says that
whenever the system' of handling
and ginning cotton is-not ion neb to be
effective in removing weevils, as in
practically all the smaller and many
of the larger ginneries in Texas and
Louisiana, the seed should be proper?
ly sacked and fumigated. Farmers
are urged to adopt precautions to pre?
vent the introduction of the weevils
in seed or hulls fer feeding purposes,
as well as in ginnery refuse. The re?
port concludes that it does not seem
possible to. control the boll weevil
effectively at the oil mills.
. SIGH NOBTH G?ROLlNIAN KILLED.
Dr. Thomas Hogg, of Raleigh, Run
Over 6y Shifting Engine and
Instantly Killed.
Raleigh. N. .C., Sept. 30.- Dr.
Thomas Hogg, the wealthiest man in
Raleigh and widely known throughout
the State and the entire south was in?
stantly killed this mornin? by a shift?
ing engine in-the yards of the Sea?
board Railroad in this city. His body
was cut in two by the engine. His
mind had been unbalanced for a year
past, partly due to old age, and he
wandered into the railroad yards
without the knowledge of his family.
He was 81 years old. He was promi?
nent in public life prior to the civil
war. He took a leading part in
building the old Haleigh aud Gaston
railroad which is now a part of the
Seaboard system.
IMMh SI3FF0CSTES FIREMEN.
New York, Sept. 30.-Tweuty fire?
men were overcome with ammonia
fumes and a dozen others affected in
fire which this morning destroyed a
Rains' Law hotel and the Cudahy
Packing Company's plant on West 14th
street. Three buildings were gutted.
The fire started at midnight, but ow?
ing to the immense quantities of soft
coal in the cellar and the iuabilitv of
the firemen to enter the building, ow?
ing to tbe ammonia fames tbe blaze
was still burning at 1 o'lclock.
Twer.ty thousand gallons of ammonia
were stored in tanks in one of the
buildings.
A rumor has recently gone the
rounds says The Chicago Cbronlice,
tbat Dr. Daniel Colt Gilman,thc pres
dent of the Carnegie Institution at
Washington, was about to resign bis
office, among th? many different rea?
sons given one being that he was
breaking down from old age. At last,
to get at the truth cf it all, a reporter
called upon him for a little first-hand
information. "Resign?" was Dr. Gil
mans' answer, "certainly not." And
after an instant's pause be added :
"Joseph Le Conte, my old colleague
at the University of California, was
asked just such a question you have
put to me on bis eightieth birthday.
His reply will do for mine. He said:
'Why should I resign? I have just
begun my life's work.' "
Berlin, Sept.- 28.-Kaiser Wilbeim's
physician bas ordered him to make
a Mediterranean cruise this winter
for his health's sake. He has no
specific disorder but bis health is not
as robust as formerly.
It is possible that the first mau you
asked could not tell you the way from
Court Square to the Southern depot
-but it is not likely. So it is possi?
ble that your want adv. might have to
be repeated-that only the "wrong
people" might read it on the first
day ; but it is not likely.
DARLINGTON MURDERER
TO BE K?NGEQ.
Sam Marks Who Killed Hill Langs?
ton Will Pay the/ Penalty
November ll.
Darlington, Oct. 1.-The trial cf
Sam Marks and Mose Ham, the two
negroes charged with murdering Hill
Langston on September 15, closed
this afternoon at ~) o'clock
when the jury rendered a verdict of
guilty with recommendation to mercy
as to Mose Ham. Mr. George W.
Brown, . attorney for the prisoners,
requested that the verdict of the jury
be read by the clerk in the absence
of the prisoners who were in jail
when the jury came out. This was
to prevent* violence being done the
prisoners, should the verdict be other?
wise than was expected by the relatives
and friends of the deceased, a large
number of whom were in the Court
room from the beginning of the trial
until the end.. The Judge granted Mr.
Brown's request and the verdict was
read. lu the meantime the Darlington
Guards, commanded by Capt. E. R.
Cox, Liants S. C. King and J. D.
Gillespie, had assembled at their
armory awaiting orders. When the
Judge was ready to pronounce sen?
tence the Guards marched from the
armory to the jail and escorted the
sheriff, his deputies and the prisoners
to the Court room. The entire police
force, commanded by Capt. A. E. |
Dargan, were also on iiand io preserve
order.
The Court room was packed to hear
the sentence imposed. Judge Aldrich
very solemnly sentenced Sam Marks to
be hanged November ll, and Mose
Ham to hard labor for life in the Pen?
itentiary. The prisoners were at
once taken back to prison under escort
of the Guards.
It was a scene never before witness?
ed in the law-abiding town and coun?
ty of Darlington, and it is hoped that
th8 like of it will never be witnessed
again.
Being Saturday, there was an un?
usual large crowd in town, and some
excitement was created by the threats
said to have been previously made,
but for all of which there really
seems to have been very little foun?
dation.
P0STMASTER-8ENERAL
HiS CHANGE Of RECOVERY.
Rallied Last Night and His Condi?
tion is Better Than it Has
Been for Days.
Washington, Oct. 4.-Postmaster
General Payne is making a gallant
?ght for life. At 7 o'clock this morn?
ing, one of his doctors reported that
there is now good ground for encour?
agement The patient bas rallied and
bas taken nourishment, and there are
other good indications. After a very
severe sinking spell which ocurred
abcut midnight, which caused the
abandonment of almost the last hope, |
Mr. Payne finally .responded well
to the treatment and members of the
family who had gathered were permit?
ted to retire. At 3.45 this morning the
following bulletin was issued: "Post?
master General Payne is resting easi?
ly, his pulse is steadier and he is
breathing more naturally than he has
for days.*'
Or. Osier Has Little Hope.
I Washington, Oct. 4, ll a. m.-Post?
master General Payne's physicians
issued the following ^bulletin at 9.30
this morniug: "Postmaster General
has again rallied, but his heart action
is very feeble and his condition is
grave."
When Dr. Osier left the consultation
room after the bulletin had been is?
sued, he said that although Mr. Payne
bad rallied somewhat, he feared the
improvement was only temporary, and
his condition is still exceedingly
grave. President Roosevelt-called at
the Payne apartments this morning.
Washington, Oct 4, 6:30 p. m.
Postmaster General Payne died at
6:15 p. m.
FALL FESTIVAL POETRY.
Today the ladies make their call,
For the Festival free to all :
Let all contribute to that end,
And prove to be old Samtens
friend.
A means to spread abroad her fame.
And add fresh luster to her name,
To show to cities far and near,
That Sumter advances every year.
Her light illumes the regions round,
Her equal is hard to be found,
In progress moves with rapid stride
And nobly stems the current tide.
To make the work easy and light,
L8t ev'ry one cast in his mite;
lt may prove bread cast on waters,
Gathered by your sons and daugh?
ters.
Liberal souls shall be made fat,
Contributors should think of that ;
Money's useless till its spread,
There'll be plenty ??ehen yon are
dead.
It is mortally certain that had John
Morrison's life been spared by the
mob and be had been brought to trial
he would have been defended by as
many lawyers as he could have paid
and a circumstantial story of self
defense, with probably something
about threatening messages, would
have been concocted. And lawyers,
knowing the man's horrible record
and that the defense he built was but
a tissue of lies, would have made
their arguments for his acquittal and
declared their conviction in his justi?
fication as earnestly, as solemnly, as
if the cause was holy. And there are
some who would have gono out and
hired agents to "fix" jurors. Gentle?
men of the bar of South Caroilna, is
not that the condition in this State?
Do you not know that the picture is
true to life? Can justice br done
when such procedure is countenarnced
in an honorable profession? Are you
doing anything for the betterment cf
that state of affairs?-The State.
Paris, Oct. 4.-Frederick Auguste
Bartholdi, thc sculptor of thc statue
of Liberty Enlightening the World,
now in New York bay, died this morn?
ing after a long illness, due to tuber?
culosis.
HOW TO FEED HIS ARMY?
The Probiem for Kuroki to Solve,
as he Marches Northward
Crops not Totally Des?
troyed in the Area
Over which Two
Armies Fierce?
ly Fought.
(Jen. Knroki's Headquarters ii: the
Field, Undated, via Tien Tsin, Sep?
tember 30.-(Evening. )-The most in
terestine military problem at present
is how large a Russian army the rail?
way can support in Manchuria. While
the army is south of Harbin, almost
all the necessary food supplies can be
obtained in the country, but the
farther north it goes the more it must
depend on the railway, while, at the
same .time the Japanese will gaiu an
advantage by having an increased area
to draw from.
The richest section of Manchuria is
the country of which Liao Yang is the
principal market, and the crops in
that section in this season are unus?
ually large. Merchants who are ac?
quainted with the country, believe
that if Gen. Kuropatkin should re?
treat to Harbin he must then bring/
nearly every pound of food by means
of the railway, especially as this
year's ero]) in the Sungari Valley has
proved a failure. Beside this, every
horse for the Russian commander
must be brought over the railway.
If winter campaigning is attempted,
on whicL point there is much specula
tion, it will become increasingly diffi?
cult after December, because tbe
ground freezes to so great a depth as
to render intrenching operations al?
most impossible.
The organization of the Japanese
army continues to be as efficient as it
has been since the beginning of the
campaign. Most of the troops wera
equipped with winter clothing when
the first cold weather and snow arriv?
ed, and khaki bas been ? replaced by
heavier material with remarkable
quickness.
The railway will be operated to Liao
Yang within a week and through
trains will be running to the front
from Dalny and New Cowang.
The harvesting is progresing slowly
in the fields in front of the Japanese
army, and to the southward. Thou?
sands of Chinese are employed as
teamsters and coolies by the Japanese
army. There is, therefore, a great
scarcity of labor, and as a result many
of the crops are neglected.
The thick millet, which has been a
great factor in the movements of both
armies, has nearly all been reaped
and there is now little more than
plains.
The correspondent of the Associated
Press rode from Liao (Yang to New
Cowang and found thai; surprisingly
little damage had been done to the
grain, considering that two great
armies had fought over the country,
while with the exception of a few
buildings which had been burned in
the Russian settlement at Liao Yang,
there were small evidences of destrnc
tion. The territory is far from being
as devastated as might naturally have
been expected.
The reports which charge the Japa?
nese troop with looting at Liao Yang
were greatly exaggerated. ?Some of
the . soldiers who first entered Liao
Yang, finding plenty to drink, helped
themselves and did some looting of
small articles from the shops, but the
conduct of the Japanese army as a
whole throughout the campaign in re?
specting property bas been irreproach?
able. The looting done at Liao Yang
was insignificant, and compared with
the looting at Tien Tsin and Pekin by
foreign troops in 1900, it is not wor?
thy of mention."
Conditions at Mukden are bad.
There are thiry thousand refugees
there without resources and| in the
deepest poverty.
OFFICERS OF CORK
COMPANY ARRESTED.
Result of Conspiracy Developed by
the Government.
Washington, Oct. 1.-A conspiracy,
which has been developed by officials
of the department of commerce and
labor and of the department of justice,
today resulted in the arrest at Cam?
den, N. J., of J. H. Stone, H. C.
Quintard, Charles W. Russ , and
James Russ, officers of the Nonpareil
Cork works. They were apprehended
by the United States marshal for the
district of New Jersey, under an'in?
dictment found on Sept. 29 by the
United States grand jury at Trenton
charging them under section 5440 of
the revised statutes of the United
States with conspiring to defraud the
government and prejudice the admin?
istration of the steamboat inspection
laws by putting upon the market com?
pressed cork blocks for use in making
life preservers, each of which blocks
contained in irs ceutre a piece of bar
iron about six inches long and weigh?
ing eight ounces. The iron bar was
inserted and concealed in the block
for the purpose of increasing the
weight to the legal requirement of six
pounds of good cork for each life
preserver. The men arrested will be
arraigned probably early next week
before the United States district court
of New Jersey to plead to the indict?
ment.
Early m ?ugest David Khanweilers
Sons, manufacturers of life preservers
in New York city, ordered from the
Nonpariel Cork works of Camden, N.
J., blocks of compressed corks for
1,750 life preservers. Eight of these
blocks are used in each preserver and
the United States law requires that
the eight blocks shall coutaiin six
pounds of cork.
Some advertisers "go gleaning road
side chance-blades, while full-sheaved
corn-fields are at hand. And that is
why even the poorest advertising
medium will always have some adver?
tising.
Dr. Johnson, probably on the day
that the cook left, wrote : "What is
nearest touches us most. The passions
rise higher at domestic than ' at Impe?
rial tragedies '* The modern Mrs.
Johnsons, however, use the want col?
umns, and so still find time to discuss
such tings as the war in the East.
THE BATTLE OF MUKDEN'IX ON.
Japanese Begin Engagement by
Attacking Russian Lines at Five
Points-Result of the Fight?
ing Not Siated.
Rome, Sept. 30 -The Mukden cor?
respondents of local papers report
that the battle about that place began
yesterday evening. The Japanese
opened hostilities by delivering five
distinct attacks at as many points
along the Russian front and left flanK.
Torpedo Boat Reported Sunk.
Vladivostok, Sept. 30.-The Danish
commander of a lighter >sbip near
Bouxir Islands, reports the Russian
torpedo Rechiteleni, which the Japa?
nese took from Cbefoo, sank near
those islands. Before sinking the
powder magazine aboard exploded,
about 30 Japanese perishing.
The Fighting at Port Anhur.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 30.-An offi?
cial dispatch received today says that
a general assault was made on the
defenses of Port Arthur from Sept. 20
to 26th inclusive, but the Japanese
were everywhere repulsed with severe
loss.
Rome, Oct. 1.-A telegram from
Tien Tsin reports that a junk has ar?
rived there from Port Arthur and
reports that the garrison at Port Ar?
thur is in a most terrible srat? and
suffering from the lack of tbe com?
monest necessities of life, this caus?
ing immense suffering. The mest ser?
ious factor is the rapidly lessening of
the supply of water.
Alexi?ff Not to be Recalled.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 1.-The report
that has been current some day past
that Viceroy Alexieff is to be recalled
has been officially denied.
Kuropatkin Abandons Mukden.
London, Oct. L- The Rome corres?
pondent of the Central News wires
rhat a telegram has been received from
Liao Yang which reports that Gener?
al Kuropatkin has abandoned Mukden
and transferred his headquarters to
Tieling.
Lost Forty-five Thousand.
Sr. Petersburg, Sept. 30.-In view
ofjkhe fact that advices have been re?
ceived from the Russian consulate at
Chefoo, saying.the Japanese assaults
on Port Arthur September 20 to Sep?
tember 26 were successfully beaten off,
the authorities at the war office dis?
credit the Chefoo report that the Jap?
anese have captured the main forts at
Port Arthur. The information of the
war office proves that the Japanese
losses during the siege have been 45,
000 killed or wounded.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 3.-The latest
news from Port Arthur states that
forage there is scarce, but ammunitou
is plentiful. Clothing is lacking but
stores of cloth are being made into
-garments hy the women. The sanitary
condition is good and there are now
thirty nurses for every thousand sick
and wounded.
As the effluvium from dead com
bantauts not buried bas been blowing
into the town, the Russians have
forced the Chinese who have been
made prisoners io collect the bodies
and throw them into the great sewer.
Russian Cruiser at Shanghai.
Special to The Daily Item.
London, Oct. 3.-The Shanghai
correspondent of Reuters Telegraph
Company wires that a Russian war?
ship, supposed to be the Bayan is re?
ported ancored off Gutzellof in Hang
Chan bay. Tugs have gone to bring
the vessel to Shanghai. The Bayan is
one of the Russian vessels which re?
turned to Port Arthur after thc sortie
on August 30.
Tokio, Oct. 3.-The Navy depart?
ment reports the destruction of an?
other Rusian steamer while clearing
away mines at the entrance to Port
Arthur harbor. The report of the
loss of a Japanese gunboat at Port Ar?
thur has not yet been confirmed.
Tien Tisn, Oct 4.-The Gazette
hears that the Chinese goverment has
received information that the Japa?
nese are preparing to* send two divis?
ions to Vladivostock to attack that
place. The Russians have sent five
hundred additional marines to Vladi?
vostock to assist in the defense, as
the garrison there is comparatively
weak.
Rome, Oct. 4.-*A leading clerica
paper today says, the Popef will probl
ably offer his services as mediator in
the Japanese-Russian war.
It is stated that if the Pope should
offer bis services he would not have
the slightest chance of effecting
peace, as both the Russian and Japa?
nese are determined to have a decis?
ive outcome of the conflictt.
Berlin, Oct. 4.-Reports arer current
here that the Czar's recent journey
through Russia has been one continu?
ous race for life. His visit to Odessa
was considerably shortenei for fear of
assassinaion. The police of Odessa
claim that they discovered four plots to
take the Czar's life, while ho was in
that city.
Chicago, Oct. 4.-It is announced
at the democratic headquarters that
William Jennings Bryan's first assign?
ment for campaign work includes
thirty speeches in Indiana, which will
occupy him from October 12th to 20th.
The old ratio of " two to one" as
between the value of "birds in the
hand and birds in the bush" was a
pretty good one-but "birds in the
bush'* are not so hard to catch, nowa?
days, if you use want ads. Are any of
"your birds'' in the bush?
i mr II .... -mm
Vienna, Oct 4.-A revolutionary
newspaper today states that while a
ulgarian regiment was on a train
bound from Samara, Russia, for the
scat of war, a number of the members
mutinied. They killed thc Colonel
near Ufa, and * threw tho sergeant off
the train. No one who participated
in the mutiny W89 punished, the paper
adds.
NEWSPAPER ClARAG ER.
Essential Virtues Are Good Faith.
Discretion, Independence.
The idea tliat newspaper men are
easer to publish everything they know
or hear is utter fallacy. The publication
of a newspaper is a very grave responsi?
bility, and the largest discretion must
be exercised in the use of information.
The newspaper man is , indeed, eager
to learn all he can of what is going
on in the world, but, in actual prac?
tice he prints only a small propor?
tion of what he learns in the columns
of his newspaper. The information
which may be kept back is not sup
pressed because of a desire to^snppress
the truth, but because publication at
that time might do more harm than
good. There is, indeed, a certain class
of news which must be published
whether it hurts or not, whether it
works for prosperity or for panic.
That is the essential truth, the sup?
pression of which would be an out-and
out lie. But there is a large mass of
information, true in itself, and which
sometime may develop into proper ma?
terial for publicity,, but which at that
moment is better left unsaid.
Another popular misconception,
regarding newspapers is that they can
be easily bribed. The subsidized jour?
nal is, indeed, in evidence in this
country as well as in other countries.
The "court circular*' type of jour?
nalism is one to which we have had
many occasions to refer during the
past year. But there is another and
higher type of newspaper, and this
kind cannot be reached by bribery of
any kind. Yet nothing is more com?
mon than the idea that a newspaper
can be controlled by its advertiers, by
its subscribers, and by men from
whom it may obtain its news. This is
a very common fallacy in financial
circles. A good many business men
think that because they give an ad?
vertisement to a newspaper they have
a sort of mortgage on its news and
editorial columns. There are, also a
good many business men who think
that because they give a piece of news
to a newspaper they are entitled to
favorable consideration in its editorial
columns.
The fact is that a newspaper con?
ducted on high principle has no bnsi
ness,jpn the done hand, to run amuck
like ? bull in a china shop, smashing
this interest, demoralizing this plan
and that plan, and playing havoc gen?
erally. Its policy must always be con?
structive, not destructive, designed
to build rather than tear down, to aid
rather than to injure. But on the
other hand, in order to serve the pub?
lic faithfully, it must maintain a
strict independence. Its natural de?
sire will be of course, to aid its adver?
tisers in every way, but it may be
sometimes necessary for it to critcise
an advertiser, and it will do so fear?
lessly. * Its natural desire will be to
keep on friendly terms with those men
from whom it must necessarily obtain
the news to which irs readers are en?
titled. But there will be frequently
occasions when the newspaper may
feel obliged to censure severely the
very man from whom it may have re?
ceived the biggest possible piece of
news. The three cardinal virtues for
the newspaper men are good faith,
discretion and independence.-Wall
Street Journal.
.Wonderful Latin Sentence.
A philologist quoted the other day
this sentence, "Sator arepoteret opera
rotas." He paused impressively. Re
repeated the sentence as a clergyman
repeats his text, then he resumed.
*1 That is the most remarkable sen?
tence in the world, for besides being
good sense it reads the same way
backwards as fowards, and farther
more, the first letters of each of the
five words spell the sentence's first
word, the second letter the second
word, the third letters the third
word and so on to the end.
'.Also," be went on, "if you take the
letters of each word beginning at the
end and proceeding towards the front,
you spell all the words again-' Sator'
first, ^then 'Arepo' [and finally
.rotas."'
.'Who composed this Latin sen?
tence I don't know. Whoever it was,
though, he had a mighty difficult
thing-just how difficult a thing you
won't appreciate until you try to
make up sucha sentence yourself."
New York Oct. 3.- Mrs. Anna Hall
Greenwald, widely known in the
world of science, died at Hanover yes?
terday. She has served several years
as president of the National Science
Club of Washington.
Flood in New Mexico.
Las Vegas, N. M., Oct 2.-Half of
Watrous has been destroyed by a
flood and at least 12 persons have
been drowned, iucluding three chil?
dren of J. H. Stevens, Felix Villareal,
his wife, two sisters, and a couple of
children, and O. F. Porter. J. H.
Stevens and his wife escaped. They
are in a critical condition.
Many persons were rescued from
trees and house tops. The greatest
damage was around the junction ot
Mora and Sapelloire creeks. A rock
crusher, au iron bridge and much
trrack at Watrous were washed away.
Letter to T. W. Lee.
Sumter, S. C.
Dear Sir : Would you like to hear
of a 20-year paint? .
Mr James A O'Neil's. house Hender?
son, N. C, was painted 20 years ago with
Devoe lead-and-zino, and never paint?
ed again till last year; it then looked
better than common paint in half
that time. The reason is : Devoe is
all paint and true paint: while the
common paints are part true* and part
false. Don't pay to monkey with
paint.
And Devoe costs less then any of
"em ; not by the gallon, of course ; by
the house and year. That's how to
reckon it. Go by the name.
Yours truly
64 FW Devoe & Co
P. S.-L. B. Durant sells our paint.
Trinidad, Col.. Sept. 30.-A ter?
rific flood has struck the city of Trini?
dad and the whole valley along the
Lis Animas river, devastating a wide
section and causiup a Joss which will
reach $1,000,000. So far as known
there was no loss of life but several
are reported missing.

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