Newspaper Page Text
Northwest vs. the South.
Mr. Henry Conner who has recently
returned i rem a stay of something
mere han nineteen months in Idaho
and Oteeon, is in a position to give
some interesting pointers to people* of
this section who have Jed themselve to
believe that, the north west or any other
parr of the country offers so many ad
van rages over this locality as is claim
ed for that sectioo.
Mr. Conner is a rative of York
county, and was raised about two and
one half miles west of Yorkville.
BiF atber was the late Calvin Conner,
a man who measured up to the highest
.standard of good citizenship, and his
mother by whom he was reared, is a
most creditable representative cf the
splendid womanhood that has done so
jnuch for this section.
Discouraged by the unpromising
.condition into which the farming
business in this county had fallen and
tempted bj the glowing: description of
opportunities offered by t e north
west, in March, Iftt , Mr. Conner left
a good comfortableX home and a fine
farm to try bis fortuno in the new
countries that are held up to present
so many untold an undefinable advan
tages over the long settled, staid and
conservati te south.
Kin a conversation with the reporter
on Saturday he unhesitatingly said
that he is glad to ge:- back to South
Carolina, and with as little hesitation
he asserrs that the mest satisfactory
asset he has acquired during his ab
sence is some very valuable experi
ence. He is not inclined to disparage
the country in which he has spent
nearly two years. On tae contrary, he
gives it all the credit lo which it is
?entitled ; but after all iii said and con
sidered, he thinks thal; York county
offers just as many opportunities for a |
comfortable living and is just as de
sirable from any standpoint as is any
distant section- he has visited.
"If you have money out in Ore
gon," says Mr. Conner, "you can buy
a desirable farm, or ranch as it is
called, and by hustling get a good in
come but you''ll earn all you'll make.
If you have no money and you are
able and willing to wors, you can get
good pay, from 2.00 to $2.50 a day,
but the work is only fo:* nine months
of the year and the cost of living is
just as good in proporton as it is here.
A mau can hardly stive more than
enough during the work season to sup
port hmself during the idleness that is
enforced on him during the winter.
41 Labor of. all kinds commands good
prices, but my own experience was
confined principally to logging and
harvesting, with odd jobs in between,
logging goes on during most of the
winter. Men liv . in camps in the
woods, work in gangs, sleep in bunks
on the sides of shacks or on floors, on
their own beds, which they must al
ways furnish, and drive like fighting
fire for ten hours a day. There.is noth
ing easy aboud the work, and just
anybody cannot get a job. They size
a mau up as if he were a horse or a
male, and work hint accordingly. If
he does "not come up to physical re
quirements, be is not wanted at any
price, and it is rarely rhe case that a
man of 45 or 30 can even get a trial.
The proportion of people out of em
ployment is much larger than it has
ever been in this county within ny
**I went from Idaoo to Oregon as
the result of the seductive promises of
an irrigation company, lt was re
presented that arrangements were
being perfected to run an irrigaion
ditch into a new section just to be
thrown open to settlers for the first
time, and along with many others I
homesteaded a quarter section on
what was promised to be one of the
lower levels of the proposed new sur
vey. But afterward the plans of the
company were changed, whether by
circumstances or in accordance with a
previously arranged scheme, I cannot
certainly say, and my homesterd re
mains without water, and consequent
ly cf little value until the ditch shall
be finally completed if that ever
comes to pass.
" There are irrigated lands in the
neighborhood of Irrigon, near where I
was located that are held at four and
five thousand dollars an acre. They
get their vame from their capacity to
produce almost any kind of crop that
can be grown in the United States,
and especially fruits of all kinds which
grow to enormous size and to perfec
tion unknown, 1 suppose, anywhere
else in the world. Beet crops on these
lands frequently net $500 per acre
without their owner having to touch
them after they are made but as you
will easily imagine , to g' t land up to
sue!) a producing capacity is a matter
of years of effort and la,.-ge sums of
money. Many people necessarily fall
by the wayside.
"The country is filled up with all
kinds of people from all over the
world, Americans from what is now
denominated the middle west predomi
nating. These people ha ve been at
tracted to Idaho and Oregon in large
numbers principally by means of ju
dicious advertising. Thousands have
failed, some have succeeded and it is
a noticeable fact that here hardly
appears to be a man among them who
is not willing to sell ont at a price
and leave. They are all after the dol
lars and it is tarley that you find a
man who expects to spend his life
there. Those who are making the
greatest effort for permanent improve
ments are among the most active in
advertising f r new comers to take
their holdings,and as soon as a man gets
his price he is up and gone.
'*Up in that country the negro
seems to stand on a perfect equality
with the whites. There are white peo
ple there who would go further out cf
their way to shake hands with a oe- j
fro than with another white man. j
t is a common thing to see negroes
eating with whites in the restaurants
and their patronage is as acceptable to
the proprietors as is that of the
whites. The only people who are not
on an equality are the Chinese and
Japanese. The Chinese are more de
spised and the i Japanese come next.
It is largely because of their willing
ness to work cheaper than the people
of other nationalities. I
"Union labor controls throughout j
mo9t of the country visited. Unless
a man belongs to the union he cannot
depend upon his ability to hold down a
job any length of time. The head
quarters of the labor unions are usual
ly at the saloons, and the saloon ele
merit seems to have the greatest in flu- !
euee with the labor element. The '
boycott is also a strong waa pon with
the unions. Let a store keeper offend
the union, or may be an influential
walking delegate, and as apt s not
there will be posted before his place a
sentinel bearing a placard ''unfair,"
and the storskeeper mav as well go
out of business.
"There is one thing that can bo
said to the credit of the people of th.s
section and that is their la w a ii i G mg
^character. The bad elements are the
cattle thieves and boo tlc-ree rs. Boot
leggers are people e!i a :ed in selling
whiskey to the Indians in violation
of the Federal- laws. Both these
classes give lots of trouble. But aside
from this the people are quiet and
well behaved. I have seen more mur
ders recorded in a single issue of
The Enquirer than would appear in
the Seattle papers during months, and
I remember seeing once where Chief
Love made 12 or 14 arrests in a day,
a reccrd that would seldom be
equalled by the entire police force of
Spokane, a city of more than 40.000
"The people up that way seem to
I be afraid of ns down here. They are
inclined to think that we are too wild
^and lawless and are dubious about
risking themselves among os. But
[ nevertheless they are beginning to
lock to the southwest and south and
southeast. Advertising matter is be
ing circulated among them and they
are being influenced by it. There was
quite a party bound for southeast
Georgia on the same train I came
back on. An immigration agent had
interested them, and they were com
ing down to see whether he had tcld
it to them straight. I happen to be
pretty well acquainted with the sec
tion to which they are going and they
will find that what the agent told them
was pretty nearly true. The tide of
immigration, I think, is turning and
it will not be a great while until it
begins to flow in our direction."
While Mr. Conner was on this par
ticular phase of the subject, the re
porter asked this quesion :
"Well, Mr. Conner, you know what
we have down here as compared with
what you have seen in the northwest.
You have observed the difference in
the characteristics of these people,
especially as to energy, thrift and en
terprise, now suppose we had a lot of
those people located within a half doz
en miles of Yorkville, what would
th iv do for the country?"
"What would they do for the coun
try? Why I think they would at once
begin to send out agents to advertise
it. and as soon as they cou d get a
! good price they would sell That is
what they are doing up yonder and
that is . what they would do down
"And you do not think they are
superior to us in thrift, energy or
"Not one bit. I have seen just as
much thrift, energy and enterprise
here as I ever saw there. There are
as many people there who cannct or
will not make a living as there are
here, and one thing that was com
mon there that I have never seen
here, was streng, able-bodied, well
dressed white men begging for quar
ters with which to bay meals. This
practice sometimes grows so common
that the police are compelled' to put a
stop to it "-Yorkville Enquirer.
Pat and the Oyster.
An Irishman went into a restau
rant and called for a dozen Saddle
Rock oysters on tho half shell. After
wrestling with them about ten minutes,
he called the proprietor and said,'
"Do yez ate them things?"
"Why, certainly." said the pro
prietor. * 2555
"flow do yez do it?" s* id the son of
Erin. "I'd loike yez to show me
"The proprietor glad to teach him
how to eat his goods, said. "You
put a squeeze of lemon, a little salt
and pepper on it, stick your fork in
it, lift it up this way, and down she
goes:" So suiting the action to the
word he gulped down an oyster with
out farther ceremony. * XT
"Could yez ate them all the same
way?" exclaimed the Irishman, in
"Why, sure; they are delightful.
I'll show you how to do it if you don't
'Go afce" 0," said Irish. I'd like to
see yez. I don't believe yez can."
It did not ake the proprietor long to
dispose of the balance, and with a
smack of his lips, said, "There yon
are; no trouble at all."
The Irishman was bewildered; as
soon as he could get his breath he
shouted, "Can ye kape thim down?"
"Why, of course can," said tho
"Well, that beats all. I had thim
damn things down me stomach six'
times, and they came up ivery
G lis Trial Postponed.
Camden, Oct. 6.-J. E. Gillis will
not be tried at this term of court.
Counsel for the defendant gave notice
today that in ten days, the period of
notice provided by statute, they would
move for a change of venue. The so
licitor waived the ten days notice,
contending that such was his right.
The defendant's counsel opposed this
position, contending that the ten
days' notice to the State was compul
sory and could not be waived by the
soliciter. Judge Purdy sustained the
defendant's poistion and the motion
will be heard on the loth. At the
last term of court Judge Watts held
that the solicitor could waive notice.
Lisbon, Oct. 5.-Tho minister of
marine announced in the cnamber to
day that a detachment of Portguese
troops, belonging to a column operat
ing/ in Portuguese West Afrrica,
against the Cuanhamas, was surprised
by the tribes men while crossing the
Cuuene River. The detachment,
which numbered - 99 officers and men, I
lost 254 killed, including fifteen
officers and fifty wounded.
It is officially aunoucued that Ger
many will put eight thousand Euro
pean troops in the field again.-1 the
Hereros in German Southwest Africa,
who are neighbors of the Cuanhamas.
Both tribes are established in the
Canene district. The Cunene River
forms the boundary between German
and Portuguese Southwest Africa.
To make yonr poorest business
day tbis month as good as your
best business day last uiontb, make
your poorest advertisement this month
as gcoa and as big as your best adver
tisement la>t month.
DR. SHEALEY OH TEXftS FEVER.
Prevalence of the Disease is Due
to Tick. How to Prevent its
Spread and How to Treat
Clemson College. Sept. 29. -Dr. A.
S. Shealy, assistant veterinarian, for
the present in charge of the veterinary
division, has recently had many de
mands for his services throughout the
State, and bas responded to many such
calls as: "Come at once: cattle are
sick and dying." He has found it im
possible to respond to all of the calls,
as only a i mi ted appropriation for
this purpose is available, and as his
duties here prohibit him form being
almost constantly away. With one ex
ception he bas found the same disease
-Texas fever, known also as South
ern cattle fever.
Your correspondent bas. therefore,
secured from him the following inter
view on Texas fever and its treatment,
in the belief that it will be of great
interest and benefit to cattle raisers.
Dr. Shealy says that nowitbstand
iug the eood work along this line by
Dr. G. E. Nesom, until recently State
veterinarian, there is still considera
ble loss from this disease in South
Carolina. Cattle raisers should bear
in mind that the disease is caused by
a tick, and that it does not occur
where no ticks are present-except
when it is produced in a mild form by
inoculation, hereby rendering immune
such cattle as are inoculated. A num
ber of years ago, when cattle were
pewnittd to-run at large, the tick
W8S more or "less prevalent, and there
never was a case of the disease noted.
Many farms throughout tbe State
have become "tick free," and so long
as they remain so the disease does not
occur, on them. These facts show
that cattlel must be boru and raised
on constantly tick-infested farms,
or on constantly tick-free farms, in
order to be safe from Texas fever. To
take measures to produce general in
fection would be a reversion to the
conditions when there was no "stock
law" in South Carolina. So the stock
farms must be kept free of ticks.
Dr. Shealy says that while it seems
impossible to dc tb is, it can be done
by systematic and thorough cleaning
j of the cattle once every two weeks
I during the summer months, and he
will be glad to take the matter up
with any stock men wbo wish to do so.
Very little can be done, indeed, to
ward preventing a - further spreading
rf the disease except by thoroughly
removing ticks, and placing cattle in
a non-infested pasture. In this way,
possibly, a number of the herd not in
fected will be saved and will not con
tract the disease unless the ticks gain
access to them later.
Medicinal treatment for animals
while suffering from the fever is very
unsatisfactory. Yet Dr. Shealy always
advises to treat them sympathetically,
and bops for good results. He has
had a few caes to recover under the
following treatment, which he always
recommends: "When tfTe first- symp
toms are noted ticks should be remov
ed, and a good purgative given-ep
som salts in one or two pound doses,
according to size of animal. Within
eight or ten hours later commence giv
ing quinine sulphate in one-half ounce
doses, dissolved in a half pint of whis
key, three times a day ior three days.
If salts have not been effective with
in twenty-four hours, repeat, giving
half as much as at first. The sick
animals should be separated from
the herd and given comfortable quar
Very young cattle can withstand the
disease without dangerous results, and
cattle owners can bring calves to tick
infested farms with no danger, pro
vided they become infected with ticks
at once. "But I always advise in
oculation for cattle not immune,"
Dr., Shealy added, "This inoculation
can be practiced successfully only
with cattle under two years, though I
have successfully inoculated much
"If a cattle owner has a tick-free
farm, no animal infested with ticks
can be introduced without seriously
endangering the lives of all his cattle.
And. the life of an animal that has
never carried ticks is equally endanger
ed when brought to a tick-infested
"I hope our cattle owners will bear
these facts in mind, as tbe time is
near for the State Fair, and there will
be sales of infected and nonrinfected
cattle at that time, which if bought
indiscriminately, may cause considera- j
ble loss. ' '
"This will not he the case, how- j
ever, if you buy intelligentlv If ani
mals have carried ticks they are im
mune from Texas fever, and you take
no chances, so far as Texas fever is
concerned. You will also be safe in
buying cattle that have never had
ticks, provided your farm is free
from ticks, or you inoculate the cat
tle before placing them on infected
farms. Finally, if the farm is 'tick
free' and tbe. animal purchased is in
fected, the latter should be thorough
ly cleansed before carrying to the
farm, or the lives of your other cattle
will be endangered."
- itii mm
Scccess appears to attend the work
of the Americau engineers in the
canal zone. Chief Engineer Wallace
announced a couple of days ago that
one of the resident engineers, Mr.
George Ehle, had made an important
discovery, as the result of which it
will be possible to divert the Chagres
river from the Caribbean slope to the
Pacific side of the isthmus. This can
be done at an approximate cost of
810,000,000, releasing $20,000,000 from
the fund set apart for the construc
tion ot locks. If this be done one of
tbe most serions problems connected
with the canal wilf have been solved,
namely, the control of the Chagres
river freshets. It is estimated by
the chief engineer that of the work
done by the French company from 10
to 15 per cent, may be used, the
amount depending upon the plan final
ly decided upon for the completion of
mi II i . - tr i
If you ever look Dewitt's Litile Early
Ricers for biliousness or constipation you
kn- vr hat pill plea ure if-, J hese famous
hoi ' }>I!N i ieanse the liver a-d rid the sys
teo: of ll bil" im ut producing un plea*
nf eflee s. Taey o > not gripe, Ricken or
weaken tut plea<<*ijt]y give lone and
sriergi h io the tissues and organs of ihe
ptomitK-h liver and t owels. For sale by
Cnn B. ita vi*.
ARCHBISHOP BNF G NTE SERY
GOBESSES EPIS Ml SS.
Church Admonished *o Guard the
Religion of the Home.
Liquor and Lynching issues Injected
Snto the Proceedings.
Boston, Oct. 6.-The Archbishop of
Canterbury speaking before a joint
session of the house of bishops and
house of deputies of the Episcopal
chnrch at Emmanuel church today
delivered a message to the American
body in whichj he urged that the
church take steps to guard the reli
gious life of the home. The arch
bishop's address was focibly deliver
ed and easily heard in ail parts of the
edifice. The archbishop said in part:
"We can thank God tor strong
material progress, for an often high
note of moral earnstness and here in
America at least, for an eager output
of intellectual force. And we are
prone to be pleased and even satisfied.
But it would be vain to ignore the
warning voices which tell ns-on
either side of the sea-bf a certain
decadence in the definitely religious
life of the ordinary home-a falling
off, that is, in the very force which
gave its distinctive inspiration and its
distinctive power to so much of our
grandsirs's life. If that true-and
in spite of all explanatory qualifica
tions nobody will, I think, say it is
wholly false-it surely behooves every
gathering of churchmen to consider
well what they can do to safeguard
the men and women and above all,
the children, of America and of Eng
land from a peril whose gravity it is
impossible to over-estimate, because
it affect the very foundation of our
At today's session of the house of
deputies sevrea! resolutions to make
more stringent the cannon on the re
marriage, of divorced persons was pre
sented. One resolution was aimed to
prohibit the remarriage of a divorced
person during the life of the former
partner. The whole question will
come up later.
After reporting against a change in
the legal name of the chnrch at this
time, the committee appointed by
the last convention to consider the
matter was discharged. A member of
the committee, Rev. B. Talbot Rogers
of Fond du Lac, Wis., attempted to
have a resolution drawn by the mi
nority members of the committee
which dropped the words "Protestant
Episcopal" from the title page of the
prayer book placed on the calendar,
but it was referred to the committee
on prayer book and will be discussed
An attempt was made by J. Came
ron Buxton, of Winston-Salem, N.
C., to present a resolution deploring
the action of Bishop Potter of New
York in participating at the opening
of the Subway tavern in New York
city, but the resolution was declared
ont of order. .
Gen. J. H. Stotsenbeerg of Indian
apolis introduced a resolution con
demning lynching./ A number of the
southern delegates voted to table tae
resolve, but eventually it was referred
to a special committee.
A memorial wa ? presented by the
diocese of North Carolina in the in
terest of work among the negroes.
Dr. J. Houston Eccleston of Balti
more, on behalf of the commission
appointed to confer with the various
religious bodies regarding conformity
as to the marriage of divorced persons,
submitted a report. The house voted
to continue the commission in office.
The report says it may be doubted
whether the uniformity of divorce
legislation can be brought about, but
that success will largely depend on
whether the churches shall agree on
a uniform canon to apply to their
church members and clergy.
Lancaster, Oct. 6.-Sheriff Hunter
and Solicitor Henry returned from
Kershaw, where they have been try
ing to find out the parties repsonsible
for the lynching of Morrison. Their
efforts met with little or no success.
At a meeting of the town council,
called to consider the matter, Solici
tor Renry asked eacli councilman if
he would lend his aid in identifying
the guilty parties. Some expressed
theirjjwillingness to do so, while oth
ers positively refused. The sentiment
of the community is so strongly in
sympathy with the lynchers that it is
extremely doubtful if tlie officers of
the law will succeed in their efforts.
will save the dyspeptic from many
days of mrscry, and enable him to eat
whatever he wishes. They prevent
canse thc food to assimilate and nour
ten tlie body, give keen appetite,
and solid muscle. Elegantly sugar
Take No Substitute.
HE COUNTY TH T WILL
YOUR TENANTED COUN
Let us protect your
home for you,
COTTON AND GIN
INSURANCE IN THE
BEST OLD LINK
COM TANI ES.
FIUS, LIFE, ACCIDENT
The Sumter Insurance Agency,
Sumter, S. C.
pj V gctable PreparationforAs
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NOT ^NARC OTIC
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Pump/an Seed' ,
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i xhelUSc s- J
j& seSeed. *
fiapenrmk - )
Bi Carbo;talegada + i
Clmifi d Sugar
A perfect Remedy fer Cortslipa
Worms .Convulsions Jeverish
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Facsimile Signature or
^ NEW YORK.
At b rn o iii rt s oj.d [
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPER.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
THC r.ZtrrftVI COMPANY. NEW YORK CTY.
Southeastern Lime & Cement
CHARLESTON S C
Building Material of all kinds. High Brade Roofing "RUBEROID." ^
Feb -2 o
WHISKEY I MORPHINE | CIGARETTE I ALL DRUC AND TOBACCO
HABIT. I HABIT. J HABIT. HABITS.
Cured by Keeley Institute of S. C.
1329 Lady St, (or P.O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspondence solicited
Are an every day possession. They
don't seem very wonderful until you
lose them. It doesen't make the
affliction any easier to bear, to know
that you are to blame for not consult
ing a competent Optician in time.
That probably the right glasses at the
right time would have saved them.
Don't let this be your experience.
Consult us in time.
Z. F. Highsmith,
21 S. Main Sc. - Sumter, S. C
Why Waste Time
Hunting a lot when you can find out everything for sale in half
an hour by calling at my office and letting rae drive you over
town and show you. It costs you nothing. The owner pays
me for finding a purchaser instead of hunting one himself.
Have more than 100 houses and lots for sale in all parts of
the city. A few samples are given below:
Lot 57-25 lots on Broad Street and in Broad Street section. See plat. Prices
$100 to $600.
Lot 51-Six-room house and lot 180x195 on Council Street, next door to Methodist
Lot 45 -Two lots corner Calhoun and Harvin Streets, 70x218. Prices : Corner iot
$600, adjoining lot $500.
Lot 36-Seven-room house and lot 66x170 on Sumter Street. $3.000.
Lot 29-Three lots 80x275 on Purdy Ave., nice shade trees. Cash $300.
Lot 22-Five lots on Calhoun Street 80x210. $500.
Lot 14 -House and lot 82x250, corner Hampton Ave. and Sumter St. $ ,250.
Lot 4-House and lot 75x300, on Church Street $1650.
Have desirable farms for sale throughout Sumter and Clarendon counties.
Before buying, call and see what is on the market.
JtrLm JtSm jm*iT ?f^Hi-trS.
Attorney at Law. - - Real Estate Broker.
mMitmtie Coast Line.
, Effective Sept. ll, 1904.
Passenger Trains arriving and leaving Sumter.
Train 35 Florence to Augusta Arrives 5 15 am
44 54 Columbia to Wilmington 44 8 10 am
" *57 Gibson to Sumter 44 9 20 air
44 52 Charleston to Columbia and Greenville Leaves 9 21 am
" 48 Orangeburg to Charleston (Tuesd'y,Trm rs d'y, Saturd'y) ". 9 25 am
44 53 Greenville and Columbi?, to Charleston 44 6 20 pm
44 32 Augusta to Florence 44 6 30 pm
44 *56 Sumter to Gibson 44 6 50 pm
44 47 Charleston to Orangeburg (Toesd'y, Tho rsd'y, Saturd'y) 44 8 15 pm
" 55 Wilmington to Columbia 44 9 25 pm
Freight Trains carrying Passengers.
Train *24 Sumter to Hartsville Leaves 6 30 am
44 * 1 Bishopville to Sumter Arrives 9 00 am
44 * 2 Sumter to Bishopville Leaves 9 50 am
44 *19 Sumter to Robbins Leaves 10 00 am
44 *ll Florence to Sumter Arrives 1 50 pm
" *12 Sumter to Florence Leaves 2 50 pm
" *20 Hobbins to Sumter Arrives 7 30 pm
" *25 Hurtsville to Sumter Arrives 7 40 pm
Train *70 Camdan to Sumter Arrives 9 00 BIA
44 *71 Sumter to Camden .Leaves 9 36 am
11 *68 Camden to Sumter " 5 45 pm
*72 Wilson Mill to Sumter Arriv e 12 30 pm
" *73 Sumter to Wilson Mil) Leaves 3 00 pm
" *69 Sumter to Camden 44 6 25 pm
Train marked * daily except Sunday ; all other trains daily.
For further information, apply to
J. T. CHINA, Ticket Agent A."C. L.