Newspaper Page Text
?|e iuatcljmon ano Soutljroiu
TlfMH?? WATCHKAX, Jtetabllabed April. I860* "Be Just and Fear not-Let all the Ends thou Aims't at be thy Country's, thy God's and Truth's. THJS THUS SODTHKON. e?t?btt?b?d June. 1 ss
Cosolidated Aug. 2,1881. SUMTER. S. P.. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 26, 1904._New Series-Vol. Ki \ V *o. 14
ixr. Car. Osteen,
S?MTEB, S: C.
$1 50 par SD nara-io ad van os.
t>af Square first insertion.................^1 CO
tvery snbaequent ?nsert?on^..^. 50
Contracts for three months, or looser wili
-e caa?tt at red aced rate?.
Ali commoaieaiions which subserve private j
^Etereets will bs charged for ss advertiemeots.
Obituaries and tributes of respects will be
GM GROP OF 10,988.000 B?LES.
Estimates Troughout Belt Point to
That Figure-Prospects by
Semper Yield is Now Considered Out of
the Question-Acreage Data High.
Texas and Indian Territory, 3,100,000
. Louisiana, 575,000
Sonth Caolina; 850,000
North Carolina, 610,000
Virginia, Kentucky, Mo., etc, 60,000
Each cotton crop must be consider?
ed as au independent proposition.
The* causes why one year's crop was
large or small may have little or nc
bearing ou the" crop of the next year.
It is in a measure necessary to make
comparisons, but in the main, com?
parisons between one cotton crop and
another are most deceptive, for the
reason?*hat there is little or no atten?
tion paid to the peculiar conditions
governing the yield of one year that
may or may not have a bearing on that
of another season.
The bumper crops have been sur?
prises. They have for peculiar reasons
turned out larger than even the most
optimistic had expected. The same
is true with, the crops that have been
unusually small, they have,for particu?
lar reasons, failed to come up to what
was expec ted, and as a rule these pecu?
liar conditions have been unanticipat?
The speculative interest in the cot?
ton market is always so strong th< t it
is natural for even the most clear?
headed man in the market to deceive
himself. If a large crop would mean
dollars in bis pockets, every indica?
tion of a large crop is eagerly seized
apon by him, made much of, and magni?
fied, fie has no ears for the other side
of the story. Be knows that there is an?
other side to the market, and he is apt
to class as intentions of those opposed
to him even the most clearly defined
truths if they are antagonist to his
preconceived ideas. The. same is
equally true of the man who wishes to
see a short crop-every mosquito in the
South becomfs a boll weevil tc him.
There are some things that are al?
ways paramount in the consideration
of any crop* as toe acreage and the
weather. Of all things that have
caused mistaken ideas of what cotton
crops would be, there is none perhaps
tnat has led as many men astray as the
matter of acreage ; and it is a wise man
indeed who from a distance, by a
me*e record of temperatures and rain
fall, can form an accurate conception
of the effect of weather conditions upon
the cotton crop.
The government each year gives ont
a statement of the acreage. The pub?
lic, because these figures are given
out by the government, is prone to ac?
cept them as eorrect. There is, how?
ever, no perfect system cf computing
acreage, and that employed by the
government is far from perfect. This
fact has long been recognized by cot- j
*on men wno hnve given tbe matter j
care!ul attention. Many suggestions;
have been made to the government as |
to some sort of a method by which
.eme accurate idea of the amount of !
land planted in cotton could be arriv?
Perbaps the best suggestion is that
at, the close of a season each ginner j
be asked to give bis idea as to the j
yield per acre of the cotton ginned by j
him. This would, of coarse, not give1
Hts bureau the advance of the crop in?
formation which it attempts to dis j
?eminate, bat it would at least give
ita fairly good basis upon which to
masc hu ore estimates.
Ttat thc government has been count?
ing ta new land put into cotton with?
out making a proper deduction for the
laud going out of cotton is something
that is known to everyone who bas
made an investigation of tbe matter.
Trie apparent lessening of tbe yield per
acre tbat has been the basis of so
macy very prettily bu?ltnp theories >n
the cotton market, is in some degree a
fallacy. The yield per aero bas not
been growing less as rapidly as it
vfould seem, but there lias beeo a
great deal of land going out of cotton
each year that has still been counted
as cotton land by the bureau in its
compilation of acreage figure!
The government said that there
were, in round numbers, 32,000,000
acres glanced in cotton chis year.
There wtre not. Some well posted
cotton men, as for instance Julius
Runge of Galveston, say that these
figure* were from 7,000,1.00 to 9,000,
000 fo, large. That is, however, an ex?
treme view of the situation, bnt the
government figures dc show more Jaud
in cotton than wa< planted in cotton
The acreage this year, however was
very large, much larger than last year.
The increase a acreage was general ail
over the belt. There was some land in
Texas that was in cotton last sea
that was not put in cotton this,
account of the weevil, but this 1
more than offset by the new land-c
land-that went into cotton in Te
In Oklahoma and the Indian Tej
tory there was a large increase
acreage. Just how large it is dime
to accurately estimate. It has bf
the custom in the Indian Territory
the past to estimate acreage by natio
This year an effort was made to j
the figures by counties, and the res
was confusing to say the least.
In the older states there was a gn
deal of land planted in cotton tl
was not in cotton last year. The lit
land owner about the town plant
cotton in his backyard and under I
orchard trees, but the "city crop"
not worth considering, and a f<
backyards planted in cotton are apt
give the casual observer an idea
enormous acreage tbat the facts m
not justify. In point of fact in ma
states there was a great shifting
crops, a planting of cotton on botte
lands, and an abandonment of cott
on uplands which did not premise
large return for the amount of lab
necessary to successfully cultiva
them. In states like Louisiana tl
was the case, and in some of the old
states of the eastern portion of t
belt that have been under fertilize
for a quarter of a century, the pcs;
bility of an increase in acreage w
limited. A careful study bf the sit
ation shows that the acreage this se
son was a record-breaker, but- at t
same time not nearly as large as t
world has been led to believe.
To be counted against this increa
in acreage there must be consider
the scarcity of labor in the Sout
Never before has there been such
lack of labor for the catto;; fields
there has been this year. The lab
question is the great question in tl
South. The question is just as grave
one in Virginia as in Texas, in Oki
homa as in Georgia. There was mo
cotton planted evrey place than cou
be successfully cultivated, and the r
suit is very plainly apdarent. "lt is
spotted crop, with good and poor cc
ton in the same section," is the of ti
expressed opinion - of those who ba?
sden the crop. The reason for this
to a great extent das to the fact th
lack of labor has made it necessary
neglect many of the fields. It
possible to plow and plant more cottc
with the same amount of labor th*
it is possible to cultivate properly ai
pick. The question of securing piel
ers has been a serious one since tl
first boll opened ; there is much co
ton still in the fields that should ba<
been picked weeks ago.
To consider the weather that mak<
a crop it is necessary to go back h
yond the tima for the first breaking <
the ground and consider the weath<
of the previous winter. In this connei
tion it is well to consider the peculii
conditions which resulted in the tn
bumper crops that are ever held up i
a criterion of what the South shonl
do in the way of a cotton crop. J
the winter preceding the bumper se?
sons there was a great deal of rail
the ground was full of substance an
the plant grew vigorously, send ir
down a deep tap root. In the lal
summer came dry weather. The plai
seemd to wither, but the deep tap rc(
held its life. Then came warm fa
rains, and frost held off unprece(
entedly late, while the plant, fille
with new life, made cotton.
The bumper crops have been "wii
ter crops." The rains of last win te
were not such as those preceding bnn
per c~op years but at the same ti DJ
they were up to the average, and th
soil was io fair shape, when it wi
broken. The planting season was
good one, ancV there was more earl
planting than ever before. There ai
two stories, however, to this earl
plantiug. In some states, particulai
ly in Texas* there was a great deal c
cotton planted too early. The farmei
were anxious to get it in early so ai
if possible, to, beat out the insec
pests, and they planted too earlj
without a proper consideration of th
weather conditions, and the cotton wa
either entirely lost or turned out ver
< During the early reriod of tb
growth of .the plant ic made rapid prc
gress. It was almost the un broke
rule that the bloom was full an
heavy. The prospects for a recon
breaking crop seemed the best eve
known. Over the whole South ther
sprang np the idea that the crop wa
going to be by far the largest eve
grown. The South supported thi
j opinion by selling cotton short arpnni
and under 9f.> cents. There is alway
! a time in the life ot' every crop tha
I it seems very good. Good weathe:
j during tbe early >ummer of?e:? paint
j tlie picture of perfection, only to havi
j ii rudely wiped away later on. Ever
crop has it? j>eriod ot deterioration
and in considering the deterioration
of tbe present crop it is best to loci
at the condition in different section:
There are, however, many genera
characteristic about tbe crop hi? sea
son which prevail so generally tba:
there is no nse considering them sec
; tionally These general condition'
j are what give the crop the individu
! ali ty that every crop must have,
j In the first place the plant this yeal
j has been small. A small plant in Tex
i as is of course a big plant in North
j Carolina-but taking each section, thc
j plant has been rather smaller than
! is usually grown there. Some explain
this by saving "seed deterioration,"
some by saying "land deterioration":
but wharever the cause the plant has
not been large one, and, in most Fec
I tiens, not a vigorous one. As a rn lo
i the seed a has been light, and less pro
j dective of oil than usual. As n rule
. the bolls opened very nearly together.
? and when they were o]>en tb*- plants
i stopped making. Of all the paints of
: differnce between the crop of this sea
! son and those of other seasons tie im -
j ultaneocs opening of the boll, snd
! the evident sapping of the life of the
plant by this '?pening has been the
. most marked ?haracteritic of this
' crop. The plant this year did not
eend down a deep tap root. Its support
has been largely from the lateral
roots. The hot sunshine of the season
I of fruition caused early and in many
j instances, premature opening, and
1 this forcing left tbe plant with little
vigor to go on making cotton. There
are good lands on which this was nor
so markedly the case, but as a general
rule the plant was pretty near done
this season with its first opening, and
this precluded the possibility of much
of a top crop.
The salvation of the crop has been
the long dry spell of the picking sea?
son that has permitted cotton to stand
in the fields unharmed until the pick?
ers could get to it. The early opening
and the opening all together of the
crop with labor so scarce as to make it
impossible to pick it as soon as it
should have been picked, would have
meant a disaster if there had come
a period of wet, stormy weather. The
picking season has been as perfect as
any one could desire, however. It
will be a good many weeks before the
crop eau be all picked, and many
fields today look whiter and more
full pf cotton than tLey should look,
simply because the bolls have been
open so long th^t the lint is hanging
away down out of themXjRaiu and
wind would work havoc in such fields,
but so far there has been no damage of
this kind, and a large per cent of the
crop has already been gathered, and
is as . a rule very nice, clean cotton,
free from tinges and stains.
There has been a great deal of com?
plaint this year a to the character of
the staple. It is true that his com?
plaint has been from certain sections
rather than from the entire belt, but
at the same time it is generally taken
as a rule that a plant that does not
produce a heavy, oily seed will not
produce long, strong lint. The great?
est complaint as to the character of
the staple comes from Texas and
the other states where "early matur
J ing" short staple seed has been sub
j stituted fof the old-fashioned long
staple variety. The short staple cotton
does, not carry more bolls to the plant
than does the long staple, nor is there
more lint to the boil, so that the fact
is evident that the large substitution
of ?s inch to \% inch cotton for inch
to inch and an eighth cotton will have
some effect in decreasing production.
The crop except on the best lands in
the extreme northern portion of the
belt, has practically stopped making.
In many sections the fields are no lon?
ger green. This precludes the possi?
bility of much of a top crop, and at
the same time it means that the crop
has now very little to fear from frost.
The only place where frost, which has
held off well this year, could do any
material damage now is in Oklahoma
and the Indian Territory. Rain and
wind would do a great deal more
damage than could possibly be done
by frost. Ten days of bad weather
would greatly reduce .the yield in
In considering the size of the crop
this year, the boll weevil must come in
for a large share of attention. The
march of this pest has not been check?
ed, lt has entered the best cotton coun?
ties of Texas this year, and, blown by
the Gulf winds,,/has found its way into
nine parishes of Louisiana. The more
this insect is studied-and no one
knows much about the boll weevil yet
-the harder to understand become bis
ways. There are counties in Texas
which had the weevil last year that
have mad i fairly'good crops of cotton
this year, and there are other locali?
ties where the pest has swept every?
thing before it, leaving the fields as
barren of lint as a tar roof is of pond
lilies. The fight to raise cotton in
spite of the pest has been waged de?
terminedly and with some degree of
succ?s, hut the weevil has done its
j work in Texas, nevertheless. In some
j of the northern counties, however, it
I got- iu too late to be a serious menace
j this year, but has planted itself to do
I a full line of business next year. The
! pest has alsu done a great deal of dam
! age in western Louisiana, and will de
! crease the yield of that state to a eou
I siderable extent.
I Indian Territorys crop is nsually
! lo raped with that of Texas in crop
statistics. There was large amount
! of new land in the territory put into
! cotton this year, and asa role the plant
' has dona well, although it has not
? been as early as in 'other parts of the
j belt. It is popular in making large
j crop estimates to tuck away large
! bundles in the little envassed corners,
j and for the reason a gi eat deal has
! bstn said about how much cotton In
I dian Territory and Oklahoma will
j raise this year. Their crop promise
is undoubtedly excellent, but labor has
been unusually scarce, many of the
fields have been but poorly cultivated,
and while there will be a good increase
ir can scarcely be as large as many peo?
ple lia ve anticipated.
In Louisiana and Missouri the crop
at one fin:e this season looked like
perfection. Alon? iu August there
was a long continued period of heavy
rainfall and this was followed by ex?
tremely hot weather. In may sections
of these stutes. d( terioration was as
rapid as was ever seen in any cotton
country r.nd the prospects for a bum?
per crop faded away. Time is a great,
deal of good cotton in both these states
*but there is also great, deal of very
poor and that they will do much, bet?
ter than last year does not seem possi?
Floods destroyed a great deal of the
best cotton in Arkansas early in the
season. This state in many localities
also suffered hom the effects of ver}'
hot weather following periods of heavy
rain. Th?? crop in this state is spot?
ted and by no means the best. New
For Infants and Children.
ihe Kind You Have Always Bought
Bears the // /??SlT
Signature of ^izr/Z T<???4UM
Siek hendftche \- enured by a oi^ordered
panditina of tl?e stomach and i* quickly
va er) hy nhamberlaiuV Stomach and Liv
er TaMetr?. Fur rule by hil druggist.*.
ROOSEVELT FVCE TO FACE
WITH THE NEGRO PROBLEM.
Private John Smith Marries Ne
j gress at Fort Motte, N. J -
Claims Immunity Under
I President's Action.
Washington, Oct. 18.-President
Roosevelt is face to face with the ne?
gro problem in one of its ugliest
phases. Private John Smith of the
i United States army hospital corps,
stationed at Fort Motte, N. J., has
married a negress.
His commanding officer, Surgeon
Shallenbee, has recommended his dis?
missal. The commanding officer of
the post refused to endose this recom?
mendation. It was approved, how?
ever, by the surgeon general.
Smith's plea is that if the constitu?
tional commander in chief thinks a
negro good enough to "eat with he
should not object to a private in the
army marrying a negress.
Smith is a white man. The war
J deprtment is endeavoring to sidetrack
I the case till after electio.
SURGEON GENERAL CONCURS.
Washington, Oct. 18.-The surgeon
general of the army has concurred in
the recommendation of Gen. Grant
that John J. Smith, a member of the
United States larmy hospital corps,
stationed at Fort Motte, N. J., who
is said to have married a negress, be
discharged from the army, "for the
good of the service."
This recommendation has [bean for?
warded to the secretary of war for his
action. Smith wrote to the war de?
partment inquiring if there was any
reason why he should not be permit?
ted to marry a colored woman, setting
forth that her character was good and
that he could establish character for
himself by his record. .
DIVORCE ISSUE ?G?IN
Several Resolutions on the Sub?
ject Went Over. The Negro
Boston, Oct. 18.-The divorce ' issue
again came befor? the Ediscopal gen?
eral convention today but no final ac?
tion was taken on several resolutions,
referring to the subject, which were
presented. The House of bishops sent
a message to the deputies informing
them that the bishops had voted to for?
bid the marriage of any divorced per?
sons, but when the matter was laid be?
fore the deputies on the question of
concurrence, Rev. Drs. Lewis Parks
and W. D. Huntington, both of New
York, immediately set the parliament?
ary machinery in motion to defeat or at
least side rack the Tbishop's resolu?
tion. After a brief bat spirited skir?
mish, the matter was referred to the
committtee on canons, from which it
can be called at any time
During the forenoon several r?solu,
ions favoring a stricter canon on mar?
riage and divorce were referred to a
The divorce matter came to the fore
through a resolution of George Foster
Peabody cf Brooklyn, calling for the
appointment -of 12 members for both
houses to consider the entire question
and report to the next general conven?
tion The committee is to confer with
other religious bodies as ro some
uniform standard of legislation bearing
on marriage and divorce. It was re?
ferred to the committte on canons,
j A joint commission, appointed three
I years ago, presented a an extended re
I port recommending that all dioceses
j and missionary districts be gronped in?
to seven provinces, each province, to
have authority to legislate on matters
! which do not convict with the general
! Each province is to elect a primate
I to preside over it. The report will
. be acted upon later.
? The bouse of deputies today decid
! ed to refer proposition to elect a negro
. bishop for tho southern States to the
: next convention.
i A resolution reported by the commit
; tee on state of the church was adopt
jed, that a joint commission of five
j bishops, five clerical and five lay depu
! ties be appointed to obtain information
? with reference to the formation of a
: colored missionary district in the
! south and suggest the proposed legisla?
tion to tile next general convention.
The house of bishops nominated
; Rev. Logan H. Raote of Arkansas for
'. bihop of Ilankuw, China, Rev. Frank
: S. Spaulding of Erie, Pa., for bishop
of Salt Lake and Rev. A. W. Knight
of Atlanta, Ga., for bishop of Cuba.
The nominations will have to be
ratified hy the house of deputies to
A Love Letter.
Would not interest you il" yon'?e looking
for A )?aa'anieed Salve for Soi es, Burns or
Tile?. Otto Dodd, of Ponder, Mo. write?:
i-I suffered with HU otriy sore for a year,
hut a box of Buckler's Arnica Salve cured
me. li's the. best, Salve ur. earth. 25 cent*
at DeLorme'? Drn^ Store.
- mmmm^- -?LIM. -
Sheibyville, Ills., Oct. li).-The ?
Woodworth Orphan Asylum was des?
troy d by fire today. Two children
are known to have perished and many
others were injured hy jumping.
Some Seasonable Advice.
It may tea piece of superfluous advice
to ur^e people at this season of the year
to lay in a supply of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy. It is almost sure to be needed
before winter i^ over, and much more
prompt and satisfaetiory results 'are oh
tained u ti in uken as soon a* a cold is
oonirHC'ed and before it has become set?
tled in the system, which can only be
done by keeping the remedy at h^nd.
This remedy i- so widely Known and so
*Uofcrether good thflt, no one should hesi
tare about buying i% in preference to any
oiber. lt for sale by all druggists.
SLAUGHTER IN THE DIRK.
A Night Attack by the Japanese
Resulted in a Russian Victory.
Mukden, Oct. 20.-The Japanese are
fond of night attacks, which they or?
ganize cleverly. They light a series
3f enormous camp fires at false biv?
ouacs and then stealthily they creep
apon the Russian sentinels who, peer?
ing into the darkness and blinded by
bhe glare, cannot eee the Japanese ap
poaching. Or they take advantage of
a rain storm and try to surprise the
Russians. On Tuesday night they
idopted both mses, but ran into a
hornet's nest. The night was inky
slack, rain was falling and a cold
wind was blowing.
"A fine night for the Japanese"
svery one said, and the Russians bud
31e? in the trenched had strict orders
yijeu to them that if the expected,
hut uninvited guests appeared not to
are but to meet them with the bayonet,
[t was so dark that a person could not
3ee his hand before his face except
vaguely. Through the rain, in the
direction of the false camp fires, all
ayes were strained and ears listening
intently. The wind which was as
sold as ice and cut to the bones was
?uddenly freighted with ominous
sounds, an unmistakable quash in
the mire and squirting of water under
the tramp of hurrying feet accompani?
ed by the metallic rattle of arms. The
Russians stooped lower. The officers
passed along another caution-under
no circumstances to fire, but to meet
the Japanese wtb bayonets. On they
same. The Russians cor.ld already see
the silhouettes of the Japanese and
watched the approach of their victims
with grim satisfaction, their anxiety
being lest some nervous soldier miaht
fire and thus spoil the game. The
Japanese came on straining their eyes
in the darkness, evidentlyy oelieving
that the Russians were not so close.
When they were right under their feet,
the Russians rose up as if ont of the
ground, nd, with a hurrah, wildly
fell upon them with the bayonet.
The front ranks of the Japanee broke,
turned and smashed into the second
line, hrowing the whole force into
disorder. Like a rabbie they tried to
escape, but the Russians gave them
no mercy, bayoneting them as they
pursued. For a mile the work of
slaughter proceeded and few of the
Japanese lived to carry back the tale.
In the morning the ground was strewn
St. Petersburg, Oct. 21.-A dis?
patch received this morning reports
that General Kuropatkin resumed ike
offensive yesterday. He took impor?
tant positions to the right of General
Kuroki's army and captured two guns,
a hundred and forty shells, and fifty
five men. The Russian losses were
five hundred. The bad weather con?
tinues at the front, but Gen. Kuro?
patkin is determined to persist in his
forward movement in the face of all
Copenhagen, Oct. 21.-The Rnssian
Baltic fleet today weighed anchor off
Skaw and steamed into the North
Sea. The vessels are thus now fairly
embarked on their long journey to the
Japanese Preparing io Retire.
London, Oct 21.-The St. Peters?
burg correspondent of the Exchange
Telegraph Company wires that the
General Staff has received a telegram
reporting that the Japanese are pre?
paring to retire along the whole line.
Fighting Suspended to Bury Dead.
Rome, Oct. 21, 4.30 p. m.-The
Agenzia Librea lias a Mukden dis
Datch stating that General Kuropat
kin|and Field Marshall Oyama have
T?greed to a 48 noiirs suspension cf
hostilities to permit the burial, of
No General Fighting Thursday.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 21. 4 p. m.
Lieutenant General Sakharofi reports
that no general fighting occurred yes?
terday anywhere on the line of battle
Rnssia?is Surprise Japanese Battery.
St. Petersburg, Oct 21. 2.10 p. m.
-A press telegram from Mukden says
a force of Russians yesterday evening
surprised a Japanfse battery, killing
the gunners and captured th reo guns.
Broke Into His House.
S. Le Quinn of Cavendish. Vt., wa- rob?
bed of his customary health by invasion of
Chronic Constipation. When Dr. King's
New Life Pills broke into his hon?e. his
trouble was arrested and now he's entirely
cured. They're gnaranted to cure, 2"> cetit>
at DeLorwe's Drug Store.
If you ever took Dewitt's Little Karly
Ricers for biliousness or constipation you
knew what pill plea-ure is, '1 hese famous
little pills cleanse the ?iver ard rid the sys?
tem of all bile without producing unpleas?
ant effects. They do not gripe, sicken or
weaken, but pleasantly give tone and
strength to the tissues and org-ans of the
stomach, liver and bowels. For sale by
Olin B. Davis.
No. 124 North Main St.
( >FFIO j S: 30 to iO:00 a. m.,
HOI*KS. \ 6:oo to ;:co p. m.
F louse telephone 114, Office tele?
Oct. 15 *ni.
A MATTER OF HEALTH
M?0 WITH ROOSEVELT.
They Threaten to Sever Diplomat?
ic Relations With Washington.
Washington, Oct 20.-Misinterpre?
tation of the treaty between the Uni?
ted States and Panama and bad faith
in pntting its terms"into action is the
principal accusation of the little Isth?
mian renblic against America. Differ?
ences between the Panama Government
and General Davis, Governor of the
CanalZone, arising ont of an alleged un?
due exercise of authority by the latter,
are what have cansed the present sit?
uation, which the President regards
as serions enough to necessitate a
personal investigation.by secretary of
Created under the auspices of the
United States this newest republic in
the world has become so irrtiated
against her sponser that it was threat?
ening to withdraw its diplomatic re
presentative from this couutry. It is
not doubted that Gen. Taft, will be
able to arrange an amicable settle?
ment of all matters in dispute.
Insomnia and Indigestion Cured
"Last year I had a very severe attack of
indigestion. I could not sleep at night
and suffered most excruciating pains for
three hours after each meal. I was
troubled this waj for about three months
when I used Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets, und received immediate re?
lief." says John Dixon, Tullamore, Onta?
rio, Canada. For sale by all druggists.
Washington, Oct. 19.-President
Roosevelt today apointed Ira Harris,
as supervising inspector of steamships
at the port of New York to succeed In?
spector Rodie, who was removed as a
result, of the Slocum commission re?
port." Harris bas been engaged in the
immigration service at Manitoba for
several years. He graduated from
Annapolis and bad reached the grade
of Lieutenant Commander at the time
of his retirement to engage in private
Have Made Maaj Sumter Res?
Xo wonder scores of Sumter citizens grow
enthusiastic. Itisenough to make anyone
happy to find relief after years of suffering.
Public statements ike the following are hut
truthful representations of the <?aily work
done In Sumter by Doau's Kidney Pills.
E. MeCloud. farmer, residing on the out?
skirts of Sumter says: "Both my wife and T
used Doan's Kidney Pills procured at Dr. A
J. China's drugstore, and obtained a lot of
benefit from them, i thought it nmsr l>e She
clirnate which did not agree with u> or the
water, for wc never had the backache until
we moved here .some four years a*_rt> front
Pennsylvania, hut we certainly have had ii
since. The secretions from the kidneys wer?
irregular and much too frequent in actior*.
especially at wight wheu our mst was muri*
disturbed. Since we used Dean's Kidney
j Pills neither of us bas had the backache and
j tin- action of the kidneys became natural and
normal and our rest is not disturbed at
night. Donn's Kidney ?'?".ls arc The best rem?
edy that ever came into my house."
for sale by all dealers. Price 50 rents.
I'oster-Milburn <'o.. Buffalo. N. Y.. sole
agents for thc United Sl ates.
Remember the name-Dean's-and take r;;>
oilier. ld '
THE FAMOUS LITTLE PILLS.
For quick relief from Biliousness.
Sick Headache, Torpid Liver. Jaun?
dice. Dizziness, and all troubles aris?
ing from an inactive or sluggish liver.
DeWitt's Little Early Risers are un?
They act promptly and never gripe.
They are so dainty that it is a pleasure
to take them. One to two act as a
mild laxative ; two or four act as a
pleasant and effective cathartic. They
are purely vegetable and absolutely
harmless. They tonic the liver.
PR EPA SEO ONLY EY
E. C. DeWitt & Co., CKica?O
For sale by Olin B. Davis.