President Roosevelt's message
been delivered to congress. Its
features are as follows :
The enlargement of scope ol
functions of the national govern
required by our development as
tion involves, of course, increase c
pense, and the period of prosx
through which the country i? pa
justifies expenditures for penni
improvements far greater than v
be -wise ia ha:rd times, but abm
revenues and a large surplus al:
invite extravagance, and constant
should be taken io guard against
necessary increase of the ordin?r]
penses of government
Capital and Labor,
Tbe relation}} of capital and li
and especially of organized capital
organized labor; to each other an
the public at large come second in
portance only lo the intimate quest
of family life. Oar peculiar fora
government 'with its sharp divisio
authority between the nation and
several states, has been on the w
far more advantageous to our devc
ment than a more strongly central
government But it is undoubtedly
sponsible for much of the difficult:
meeting with adequate legislation
new problems presented by the t
"hange in industrial conditions on
continent during the last half centi
In actual practice it has proved
ceedingly difficult and in many cs
impossible, to get unanimity of v
action among the various states
these subjects. From the very nat
1 of the case this is especially true
the laws affecting the .employment
capital in huge masses.
With regard to labor, the problem
no less important out it is simpler,
long as the states retail the primi
control of the police power the circr.
stances must be altogether extre
which require interference by the f
eral authorities, whether in the way
safeguarding the rights of labor or
the way of seeing that wrong is 3
done^ by ujiruly persons who shit
themselves behind the name of lab
If there is resistance to the fede:
courts, interference with the mails
interstate commerce or molestation
federal property, or if the state autho
tries in some crisis which they are i
.-able to face call for help, then the fi
reral government may interfere; bi
though such interference may be cat
.ed by a . condition of things arising o
-of trouble connected with some qui
tion of labor, the interference its*
.-simply takes the form of restoring <
?1er without regard to the questio:
which have caused the breach of c
?der. In the District of Columbia ai
in the territories the federal law co
?rs the entire field of government. B
tte labor question is only acute
populous centers of commerce, man
factures cr mining. Nevertheless boi
in the enactment and in the enforc
& ment of law the federal governmei
within its restricted sphere should s
? ; > an example to the state government
especially in a matter so vital as th
: Labor Talons.
I believe that under modern indui
trial conditions it is often necessary an
even where not necessary it is yet o:
ten wise that there should be organizj
tion of labor in order better to seem
the rights of the individual wagewor?
er. All encouragement should be give
to any such organization so long as i
is conducted with a due and decent r<
gard for the rights of others. Ther
are in this country some labor union
which have habitually and otLer labu
unions which have often been, arnon
the most effective agents in work in;
for good citizenship and for uplift?nj
the condition of those whose welfar
should be closest to our hearts. Bu
when any labor union seeks imprope
ends or seeks to achieve proper end
by improper means all ?*ood citizens
and more especially all honorable pub
lie servants, must oppose the wrongdo
lng as resolutely as they would opposs
the wrongdoing of any great corpora
tion. Violence, brutality or corruptioi
should not for one moment be tolerat
Entire Rlffbt to Orsranl*e.
Wageworkers have an entire r:ghi
to organize and by all peaceful ?inc
honorable means to endeavor to per
sun de their fellows to Join with then
in organizations. They have a legai
right which, according to circum
stances, may or may not be a moral
right, to refuse to work in company
with men who decline to join their or?
ganizations. They have under no cir?
cumstances the right to commit vio?
lence upon those, whether capitalists
or wageworkers, who refuse to support
their organizations or who side with
those with whom they are at odds, for
mob rule i? intolerable in any form.
The wageworkers are peculiarly enti?
tled to the protection and the encour?
agement of the law. Wherever the na?
tional government has power there
should be a stringent employer's liabil?
ity law, which should apply to the gov?
ernment itself where the government
ls an employer of labor.
Are ven Hon of Railroad Accidents.
The ever increasing casualty list up?
on our railroads is a matter of grave
public concern and urgently calls for
action by the congress. The passage of
a law requiring the adoption of a block
signal system has been proposed to the
congress. I earnestly concur ill that
recommendation and would also, point
out to the congress the urgent m&?. sf
legislation *ln the Interest of the^piibHc
safety limiting the hours of labor for
railroad employees in train service up?
on railroads engaged in interstate com?
merce and providing that only trained
and experienced persons be emp
in positions of responsibility conn
with the operation of trains.
The safety appliance law, as ai
ed by the act of March 2, 1903
proved beneficial to railway empk
and in order that its provisions m;
properly carried out the force o
specters provided for by appropri
should be largely Increased. This
Ice has passed the experimental :
and should receive generous rec
tion by the congress.
Unionism In Government O file
There is no objection to employe
the government forming or belon
to unions, but the government can
ther discriminate for nor dlscrimi
against nonunion men who are u
employment or who seek to be
ployed under it Moreover, it is a
grave impropriety for government
ployees to band themselves toge
for the purpose of extorting improp
high salaries from the governrr
Especially is this true of those wi
the classified service. The letter
! riers, both municipal and rural, ar?
! a whole an excellent body of pt
servants. They should be amply ?
But their payment must be obiai
by arguing their claims fairly and 1
orably before the congress and not
banding together for the defeat
those congressmen who refuse to i
promises which they cannot in <
science give. The administration
taken steps to prevent and pm
abuses of this nature, but it will
wise for the congress to supplem
this action by legislation.
Bureau of Labor.
Much can be done by the governm
in labor matters merely by giving p
llcity to certain conditions. The bun
of labor has done excellent work
this kind in many different directic
I shall shortly lay before you in a s
dal message the full report of the
vestigation of the bureau of labor i
the Colorado mining strike, as this i
strike in which eeirtain very evil fore
which are more or less at work eve
where under the conditions of mod?
industrialism, beciime startlingly prc
inent It is greatly to be wished tl
the department of commerce and
bor, through the labor bureau, shoi
compile and arrange for the congr<
a list of the labor laws of the1 varie
states and -should be given the mea
to investigate and report to the c<
gress upon the labor conditions ?n t
manufacturing and mining regio
throughout the country, both as
wages, as to hours of labor, as
the labor of women and children a:
as to the effect in the various lab
centers of immigration from abroe
In this investigation especial attenti
should be paid. to the conditions
child labor and child labor legislate
in th? several states.
When we come to deal with gre
corporations the need for the gover
ment to act directly is far greater tn:
in the case of labor, because great cc
porations can become such only by e
gaging in interstate commerce, and i
terstate commerce is peculiarly tl
field of the general government, it
an absurdity to expect to eliminate tl
abuses in irreat corporations by sta
action. It is difficult to be patient wit
an argument that such matters sbo-j]
be left to the states, because more tha
one state pursues the policy of crea
ing on easy terms corporations wak
are never >perated within that stat
at all, but i other states whose law
they ignore. The national governmei
alone can deal adequately with thes
great corporations. To try to dei
with them in an intemperate, destru?
tiv? or demagogic spirit would in a
probability mean that nothing whn
ever would be accomplished, and wit
absolute certainty that if anythin
were aecomplisheu it would be of
harmful nature. The American pee
pie need to continue to show the ver,
qualities that they have shown-that is
moderation, good sense, the eames
desire to avoid doing any damage an<
yet the quiet determination to proceed
step by step, without halt and withou
hurry, in eliminating or at lee st ii
minimizing whatever of mischief or c
evil there .. to interstate commerce
in the conduct of great corporations
They are acting in no spirit of hostility
to wealth, either individual or cor
porate. They are not against the rici
man any more than against the poo:
j man. On the contrary, they are friend
ly alike toward rich man and towart
poor man, provided only that each acts
in a spirit of justice and decency to
ward his fellows. Great corporations
are necessary, and only men of greal
and singular mental power can man
age such corporations successfully
and such men must have great re?
wards. But these corporations should
be managed with due regard to thc
interest of the public as a whole
Where this can be done under the pres?
ent laws it must be done. Where
these laws come short others should
be enacted to supplement them.
Bureau of Corporations.
The bureau of corporations has made
careful preliminary investigation of
many important corporations. It will
make a special report on the beef in?
The policy of the bureau is to ac?
complish the purposes of its creation
by co-operation, not antagonism; by
making constructive legislation, not
destructive prosecution, thc immediate
object of its inquiries; by conservative
investigation of law and fact and by
refusal to issue incomplete and hence
necessarily inaccurate reports. Its pol?
icy being thus one of open inquiry into
and not attack upon business, the bu?
reau has been able to gain not only the
confidence, but, better still, the co-op?
eration, of men engaged in legitimate
The bureau offers to the congress
the means of getting at the cost of pro?
duction of our various great staples of
Of necessity the careful investigation
of special corporations will afford the
commissioner knowledge of certain
business facts, the publication of which
might be an improper infringement of
private rights. The method of making
public the results of these Invcsi
tions affords, under the law, a m<
for the protection of private ri?
The congress will have all facts ex
such as would give* to another
poratlon information which would
Jure the legitimate business of a c
petit?r and destroy the incentive
Individual superiority and thrift
The bureau has also made exhaus
examinations into the legal condi
under which corporate business is
ried on in the various states, into
Judicial decisions on the subject
into the various systems of corpoi
taxation in use. I call special atten
to the report of the chief of the bun
and I earnestly ask that the cong:
carefully consider the report and
ommendations of the commissioner
The business of Insurance vitally
feo ts the great mass of the people
the United States and is national ;
not local in its application. It Invol
a multitude of transactions among
people of the different states and
tween American companies and 1
eign governments. I urge that the c
gress carefully consider whether
power of the bureau of corporate
cannot constitutionally be extended
cover interstate transactions in ins
Above all else we1 must strive to k<
.the highways of commerce open to
on equal terms, and to do this it is n
essa ry to put a complete stop to all
bates. Whether the shipper or the rs
road is to blame makes no difieren
The rebate must be stopped, the abu:
of the private car and private termi]
track and side track systems must
stopped, and the legislation of the I
ty-eighth congress which declares it
be unlawful for any person or corpo
tion to offer, grant, give, solicit ace<
or receive any rebate, concession
discrimination in respect of the tra]
porta tion of any property in intersti
or foreign commerce whereby su
property shall by any device whate\
be transported at a less rate than ti
named in the tariffs published by t
carrier must be enforced. While I ?
of the opinion that at present it wor
be undesirable if it were not imprac
cable finally to clothe the intersta
commerce commission with general a
thority to fix railroad rates, I do I
lieve that as a fair security to sh]
pers the commission should be vest
with the power where a given rate h
been challenged and after full heari]
found to be unreasonable to decide, sn
ject to Judicial review, what shall be
reasonable rate to take its place, tl
ruling of the commission to take effe
immediately and to obtain unless ai
until i? is reversed by the court of i
Steamship companies engaged in i
terstate commerce and protected in 01
coastwise trade should be held to
strict observance of the interstate coi
[The president here discusses tl
city of Washington, making numeroi
recommendations looking to its betti
government. He asks that laws. 1
passed preventing Overcrowding in tl
tenement districts, for the abolition i
blind alleys and the proper housing <
the poor. He also recommends chang?
in the criminal code, and would ha"\
wife beaters corporally punished.]
During the two and a half years thi
have elapsed since the passage of tl
reclamation act rapid progress ha
been made in the surveys and exam
nations of the opportunities for rech
marion in the thirteen states and thre
territories of the arid west Constru?
tion has already been begun on the iai
gest and most important of the irrigi
tion works, and plans are being corr
pleted for works which will utilize th
funds now available.
The forest policy of the governmer
is Just now a subject of vivid publi
interest throughout the -west and to th
people of the United States in genera
The forest reserves themselves are o
extreme value to the present as wei
as to the future welfare of all th
western public land states. They povf
erfully affect the use and disposal o
the public lands. They are of spe
cial importance because they pre
serve the water supply and the suppl;
j of timber for domestic purposes and s
promote settlement under the reclama
tion act Indeed they are essential t
I the welfare of every one of the grea
interests of the west
I have repeatedly called attention ti
the confusion which exists in govern
ment forest matters because the worl
is scattered among three independen
organizations. As I have recommend
ed, all the forest work of the govern
ment should be concentrated in the de
partment of agriculture, where th<
larger part of that work is airead:
done. The Canyon of the Coloradc
should be made a national park, anc
the national park system should in
elude the Yosemite and as many at
possible of the groves of giant trees ii
The veterans of the civil war hav<
a claim upon the nation such as nc
other body of our citizens possess. Thc
pension bureau has never in its historj
been managed in a more satisfactory
manner than is now the case.
Our consular system needs improve
ment Salaries should be substituted
for fees, and the proper classification
grading and transfer of consular or
fleers should be provided. I am not
prepared to say that a competitive sys?
tem of examinations for appointment
would work well, but by law it should
be provided that consuls should he
familiar, according to places for which
they apply, with the French, German
or Spanish language and should pos?
sess acquaintance with the resources of
the United States.
It Is desirable to enact a proper na?
tional quarantine law.
I call your attention to the great
extravagance in printing and binding
government publications and especially
to the fact that altogether too many of
these publications are printed.
The attention of the congress si
be especially given to the cun
question and that the standing cou
tees on the matter in the two bc
charged with the duty take np the
ter of our currency and see whetfc
ls not possible to secure an agreei
In the business world for bettering
system. The committees should
sider the question of the retirerncr
! the greenbacks and the problem o
I curings in our currency such elast
as Is consistent with safety. E
silver dollar should be made by lav
1 deemable in gold at the option of
Mere bant Marine.
J I especially commend to your Imn
ate attention the encouragement of
merchant marine by appropriate 1<
The growing importance of the or
as a field for American exports d
from my predecessor, President
i Kinley, an urgent request for its
dal consideration by the congress.
The importance of securing prc
information and data with a viev
the enlargement of our trade with 1
1 ls undiminished. Our consular re;
sentajtives in China have stroi:
urged a place for permanent display
j American products In some promit
i trade center of that empire, under ?
j eminent control and management,
; an effective means of advancing
, export trade therein. I call the atl
. tion of the congress to the deslrabi
of carrying out these suggestions.
Immigration and Natural izati or
In dealing with the questions of
migration and naturalization it is
dispensable to keep certain facts e
before the minds of those who sh
j in enacting the laws. First and fe
most, let us remember that the qr
j tion of being a good American 1
! nothing whatever to do with a ma
birthplace any more than it has to
j with his creed. In every generat
j from the^ time this government TI
i founded men of foreign birth hi
stood in the very foremost rank
good citizenship, and that not mer
in one but in every field of Americ
j There is no danger of having 1
many immigrants of the right kii
but the citizenship of this count
should not be debased. It is vital tl
we should keep high the standard
well being among our wageworke
and therefore we should not adrj
! masses of men whose standards of 1
ing and whose personal customs a
habits are such that thev tend to low
j the-level of the American wageworki
j and above all we should not admit a]
' man of an unworthy type. Similar
i we should take the greatest care abo
j naturalization. Fraudulent natural^
j tion, the naturalization of improp
persons, is a curse to our governmei
\ and It is the affair of every hone
j voter, wherever born, to see that ]
? fraudulent voting is allowed, that i
! fraud in connection with naturaliz
j tion is permitted.
J Revision of Naturalization Laws.
I There should be a comprehensive r
i vision of the naturalization laws. Tl
courts having power to naturalh
j should be definitely named by nation,
j authority, the testimony upon whi<
naturalization may be conferred shou;
be definitely prescribed, publication <
impending naturalization applicatioi
should be required in advance of the
hearing in court, the form and won
j lng of all certificates issued should t
uniform throughout the country, an
1 the courts should be required to mas
j returns to the secretary of state ?
. stated periods of all naturalization
Not only are the laws relating t
naturalization now defective, but thos
relating to citizenship of the Unite
States ought also to be made the sui
ject of scientific inquiry with a view t
.probable further legislation. The pow
er of the government to protect the IE
tegrity of the elections of its own offi
dals is inherent and has been recog
nized and affirmed by repeated dec
larations of the supremo court. Ther
is no enemy of free government mor
j dangerous and none so insidious a:
j the corruption of the electorate. I rec
ommend the enactment of a law direct
ed against bribery and corruption ii
Delays In Criminal Prosecutions.
No subject is better worthy the at
tention of the congress than that por
tion of the report of the attorney gen
eral dealing with the long delays anc
the great obstruction to justice experi
enced in the cases of Beavers, Greer
and Gaynor and Benson. Were thes<
Isolated and special cases I should no1
call your attention to them, but the dif?
ficulties encountered as regards these
men who have been indicted for crimi
I nal practices are not exceptional. They
are precisely similar in kind to what
occurs again and again in the case of
criminals who have sufficient means to
enable them to. take advantage of a
system of procedure which has grown
up in the federal courts and which
amounts in effect to making the law
easy of enforcement against the man
who has no money and difficult of en?
forcement, even to the point of some
times securing immunity, as regards
.the man who has money. At present
the interests of the innocent man are
1 amply safeguarded, but the interests of
' the government-that is, the Interests
of honest administration; that is, the
interests of the people-are not recog?
nized as they should be.
[The president discusses the progress
; of the territories of Alaska, Hawaii
and Porto Rico, with recommendations
1 for changes in the present system of
! government of the first named. He de
sires to see a delegate from Alaska in
j congress. 1
I The steady aim of this nation, as of
all enlightened nations, should be to
strive to bring ever nearer the day
when there shall prevail throughout
j tlie world the peace of justice, but
i there aro kinds of peace which are
highly undesirable, which aro in the
loug run as destructive as ::ny war.
; Tho jo::l ti sot before us as a nation,
the goal which should be set before
mankind, is the attainment of
peace of justice, of the peace wi
comes when each nation is not mei
safeguarded in its own rights,
scrupulously recognizes and perfoi
its duty toward others. . Genen
peace tells for righteousness, but
there is conflict between the two t
our fealty is due first to the cause
righteousness. Unrighteous wars
common and unrighteous peace is ri
but both should be shunned.
right of freedom and the responsible
for the exercise of that right cannot
divorced. One of our great poets 1
well and finely said that freedom is
st gift that tarries long- in the hands
cowards. Neither does it tarry long
the hands of those too slothful, too <
honest or too unintelligent to exert
it The eternal vigilance which is
price of liberty must be exert*
sometimes to guard: against outs
foes, although,, of coarse; far more
ten to guard against our own selfish
It Is our duty to remember that a 3
tion has no more right to do injust
to another nation, strong or weak, th
an Ind?vf?uaf has to do injustice to 1
other individual; that the same mo
law applies in one case as in the oth
But we must also remember that it
as much the duty of the nation
guard its own rights and its own int
ests as it is the duty of the indlvidi
so to- doi Until some method is devis
by which there shaE be a degree of
ternational control over offending 1
tion s it would be a wicked thing i
the most civilized powers, for thc
with most sense- of international ol
g?tions and with keenest and most ge
emus appreciation of the difference t
tween right and wrong, to disarm,
the great civilized nations/of the pr?
j ent day should completely- disarm; t
i result would mean an immediate i
j cradesconce of barbarism in one for
! or another. Under any'circumstances
! sufficient armament would have to-1
kept up to serve the purposes of int?
i national police, and until internation
j cohesion and the sense of internation
i duties and rights are far more a
' vanced than at present a nation desi
? ous both of securing, respect for itse
and of doing good to others must ha1
a force adequate for the work which
feels is allotted to it as its part of tl
general world duty. Therefore it fe
lows that a self respecting, just ar
farseeing nation should on the ot
hand endeavor by every means to ai
in the development of the varioi
movements which tend to provide sui
stitutes for war, which tend to rend?
nations in their actions toward one ai
other and indeed toward their ow
peoples more responsive to the generi
sentiment of humane and civilize
mankind, and, on the other hand, thc
it should keep prepared, while scrupi
lously avoiding wrongdoing itself, t
repel any wrong and in exception*
casos to take action which in a mor
j advanced stage of international rek
! tions would come under the head c
the exercise of the international police
: ' We are in every way endeavoring t
help on, with cordial good will, ever
movement which will tend to bring u
into more friendly relations with th
rest of mankind. In pursuance of thi
policy I shall shortly lay before the set
ate treaties of arbitration with all pow
1 ers which are willing to enter into thes
treaties with us. lt is not possible a
this period of th?? world's develop men
tc* agree to arbitrate all matters, bu
there are many matters of possibl
difference between us and other na
I tions which can be thus arbitrated
Furthermore, at the request of the in
terparliamentary. union, an eminen
body composed of practical statesmen
! from all countries, ? have asked th<
, powers to join with this government
in a second Hague conference, at whicl
it is hoped that the work already s<
happily begun at The Hague may b<
! carried some steps further towarc
i completion. This carries out the de
sire expressed by the first Hague con
> Policy Toward Other Cations oi
It is not true that the United States
feels any land hunger or entertains
any projects as regards the other na
tions of the western hemisphere savi
such as are for their welfare. All thal
this country desires is to see the neigh?
boring countries stable, orderly and
prosperous. Any country whose people
conduct themselves well can count upoc
our hearty friendship. If a nation
shows that it knows how to act with
reasonable efficiency and decency in so?
cial and political matters, if it keeps
order and pays its obligations, it need
fear no interference from the United
States. Chronic wrongdoing or an im?
potence which results in a general loos?
ening of the ties of civilized society
may in America, as elsewhere, ulti?
mately require intervention by some
civilized nation, and in the western
hemisphere the adherence of the Unit?
ed States to the Monroe doctrine may
force the United States, however re
I luctantly, in flagrant cases of such
wrongdoing or impotence, to tho exer?
cise of an international police power.
Right* of American Citizens Abroad.
It is necessary forusfirmlj* to insist up?
on the rights of our own citizens abroad
: without regard to their creed or race:
! without regard to whether they were
born here or born abroad, lt has
proved very difficult to secure fror.,
j Russia the right for our Jewish fellow
! citizen to receive passports and travo.
' through Russian territory. Ii is a
j wrong against which we are entitled to
protest to refuse him his passport
j without regard to his conduct and char
! actor, merely on racial and religious
! The Navy.
Tho strong arm of the government
j in enforcing respect for its just rights
in international matters is the navy of
I the United States. I most earnestly
i recommend that there be no halt in the
' work of upbuilding tho American navy,
i We have undertaken to build the isth?
mian canal. We have undertaken to
? secure for ourselves our just share In
! the trade of the orient We have un?
dertaken to protect our citizens from
[ Improper treatment in foreign lands.
We continue steadily to insist on the
application of the Monroe doctrine- to
the western hemisphere. Unless our
attitude in these and all similar mat?
ters is to be a mere boastful sham we
cannot afford to abandon our naval
programme. Our voice is now potent
for peace and is so potent because we
are not afraid of war. But eur prot?
estations upon behalf of peace would
neither receive nor deserve the slight?
est attention rf we were impotent to
make them good.
Within the last three years the Unit?
ed States has set an example in dis?
armament where disarmament was
proper. By law our army is fixed at
a maximum of 100,000 and a minimum
of 60,00o1 men. When there was insur
reefton in the Philippines we kept the
army at the- maximum. Peace came in
the Philippines, and now our army
has been reduced to the lainfmum at
which it is possible to keep it with due
regard to its efficiency. We should be
aMe, rn the event of some sadden
emergency, to put into the field one
first class army corps, which- should be,
as a whole, at least the equal -of any
body of troops of like number belong?
ing- to any other nation.
Great progress has been made in pro?
tecting our coasts by adequate fortifi?
cations with sufficient guns. We
should,, however, pay much more heed
than at present to the development of
an extensive system of floating mines
for use irx all our more Important har?
bors. These mmes have been proved
to be a most formidable safeguard
against hostile fleets.
In the Philippine Islands there has
been during the past year a continua?
tion of the steady progress which has
obtained ever since our troops definite?
ly got the upper hand of the insur?
gents. The Philippine people, or, to
speak more accurately, the marry
tribes and even races sundered from
one another more or less sharply who
go to make up the people of the Philip?
pine Islands, contain many elements
of good, and .some elements which we
have a right to hope stand for prog?
ress. At present they are utterly in?
capable of existing in independence at
all or of building up a civilization of
their own. I firmly believe that we
can help them to rise higher and high?
er in the scale of civilization and of
capacity for self government, and I
most earnestly hope that- in the end
they will be able to stand, if not en?
tirely alone, yet in some such relation
io the United States as Cuba now
stands. This end is not yet in sight,
and ft may be indefinitely postponed
if our people are foolish enough to turn
the attention of the Filipinos away
from the problems of achieving moral
and material prosperity, of working
for a stable, orderly and just govern?
ment, and toward foolish and danger?
ous intrigues for a complete independ?
ence for which they are as yet totally
On the other hand, our people must
keep steadily before their minds the
fact that the justification for our stay
ia the Philippines most ultimately rest
chiefly upon the good we are able to
do in the islands. I do not overlook
the fact that in the development of our
interests in the Pacific ocean and
along its coasts the Philippines have
played and will play an important part
and that our interests have been serv?
ed in more than one way by the pos?
session of the islands. But our chief
reason for continuing to hold them
must be that we ought in good faith
to try to do ocr share of the world's
work, and this particular piece of work
has been imposed upon us by the re?
sults of the war with Spain. We are
endeavoring to develop the natives
themselves so that they shall take an
ever increasing share in their own gov?
ernment, and, as far as is prudent, we.
are already admitting their representa?
tives to a- governmental equality with
our own. There are commissioners,
judges and governors in the islands
who are Filipinos and who have exact?
ly the same share in the government
of the islands as have their colleagues
who are Americans, while in the lower
ranks, of course, the great majority of
the public servants are Filipinos.
W*thln two years we shall be trying
the experiment of an elective lower
house in the Philippine legislature. If
the Filipinos act with wisdom and self
restraint, if they show that they are
capable of electing a legislature which
in its turn is capable of taking a sane
and efficient part in the actual work of
government they can rest assured that
a full and increasing measure of rec?
ognition will be given them.
Every measure taken concerning tho
Islands should be taken primarily with
a view to their advantage. We shouhl
certainly give them lower tariff rate*
on their exports to the United States.
If this is not done it will .be a wron-:
to extend our shipping laws to thorn.
I earnestly hope for the immediate*
enactment into law .of the legislation
now pending to encourage American
capital to seek investment in the is?
lands in railroads, in factories, in plan?
tations ?nd in lumbering and mining.
St. Matthew's, Dec. S.-The hand?
some home of Mr. R. D. Zimmerman,
six miles from St. Matthews, was
destoyed by fire this afternoon, with
its contents. A defective stove flue is
thought to be the cause. It was a
beautiful home and handsomely fur?
nished. Only about $1,000 insurance.
Fight Will Be Bitter.
Those who will persist m closing their
ears against the continual recommenda?
tion of Dr. King's New Discovery for
Consumption, will have a long and bitter
fight with their troubles, if not ended earlier
by fatal termination. Read what T. R.
Beall of Beall, Mi*?, has to pay: ''Last
fall my wife had every symptom of
Consumption. She took D'-. Kirg's New
Discovery after everything else had failed.
Ioaprovement came at once and four
hnt*le* enti'ely cnr*-d he ; Guaranteed by
J. F. W. DeLorme, druckt. Price 50,
r nd $1.00. Trial bottle free.
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