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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, December 14, 1904, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1904-12-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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TSE 84iL8?I?S W?S FIS8T
TO LOVER FfiE?SHT BATES.
The Railroad Commission Renners
a Dtt&idn Adverse to tim
Contention of tfcsChar?es
Columbia. Dec 9.-Tho decision of
the railroad commission, made pnblic
today, in fche^ case of the Charleston
fright bureau* and other commercial
bodies of the Slate against the South?
ern, Seaboard and Coast Line railroads
for a reduction on State cr local
freight ates on the ground that these
rates are excessive by comparison with
the rates prevailing in North Carolina
and Virginia ?ad give Virginia cities
undue advantage in this. terriory over
Charleston and other South Carolina
distributing points, practicaliiy dis
misses the petition. The only
changes conceded is in. the standard cot?
ton tariff, waeo a straight 5 cents
rate is made for instance up tb 270
miles as against rates ranging from 36
cents to 41 cents ; in the stand ard fer?
tilizer, tariff, ??icb is amended so as
to reduce the text, miles and under haul
from $1 to SO cents and make a
straight rate of $2. T5 for hauls of SOO
miles and over as against rates ranging
between $2.75 and$&65 ; and in the rate
on nour in barrels, in which there is
a parallel reduction of two cents for
each of the ten mile hauls np to 20
miles.
The decision will be received with
surprise throughout the State, as ex?
pressions from members of the com?
mission from time to time ?ave indi?
cated that a general reduction would
hje demanded on the part of the com?
mission. The .decision will greatly
disappoint Charleston and the attor?
neys who have been fighting so zeal?
ously for the reductions. Mr. J. F.
Kennedy Bryan, who was here on
Thursday, spoke as if he confidently
expected a complete victory. He said
he did not at all doubt a favorable
decision, that in his opinion the rail?
roads themselves recognized that it
' would not be wise to further resist a
reduction in these very oppressive
rates. ^
Here are the findings as set forth in
the decision :
" We find therefore this situation in
Sooth Carolina. / 4
"The average^ freight moves in
Sooth Carolina at a lees rate per 100
pounds than in the State of Virginia
and does not much exceed the rate in
North Carolina.
"Passenger rates in South Carolina
are less than in North Carolina.
Joint rates are 20 per cent, less than
.in Virginia and 10 percent, less than
in North Carolina. The South Caro?
lina rates appearing higher than
North Carolina rates are not supple?
mented by increases for branch linea
as is the case ia North Carolina. The
m earnings in this State are not so much
as in Virginia, or North Carolina.
The net income of the roads is not an
unreasonable return upon fair vain
ation. We- find a free interchange of
commodities, among distributing
^points. We Sad- no ^discrimination
except upon western products through
"Virginia ports to South Carolina ter?
ritory. We cannot find that any line
touching South "Carolina is responsi?
ble for the conditions at trunk line
termini. We find that there is a just
demand throughout the State for
more and better train service, better
stations and better accommodations.
Bridges, trestles and track in a condi?
tion below the standard that would be
adapted for the . <roic!s and safe dis?
patch of the. baines*; tendered. We
deem it the sentiment of the people,
and a fulfilment of th? law, that our
first care should be for the safety and
ordinary convenience of passengers.
In view therefore of all the foregoing
statement of findings we can find no
justification for a general or material
reduction of railroad rates in this
State save that the tariffs of the State
be amended as exhibited below, be?
yond which the petition is dismiss
ed." )
Aaron Proteas Convicted.
Special to The State.
Charleston, Dec li-A. P. Prio
leau the negro congressional candidate,
was on. trial today in the United
States district - court on the charge of
tampering with the mai IR. His case
occupied tbs attention ' of the court
all day.
Every possible faciliiy was given to
the negro and his colored attorneys to
present their side that there might be
no appearance of crowding the defen?
dant or taking advantage of him.
The jury returned a verdict of euiity
tonignt after three hours of delibera?
tion Prioleao's attorneys gave notice
of a motion for a new trial. The
motion will probably be argued tomor?
row.
Next Confederate Reunion.
New Orleans? Dec. 12.-Gen. Wil?
liam E. Mickie, adjutant general,
United Confederate Veterans, authori?
zes the announcement that the next
reunion of the veterans will be held in
Louisville, Ky., but that the date has
not yet been settled.
Elloree,^ Dec. 8-The people of
Elloree are awaiting with patience for
a meeting of the State board of dis?
pensary directors, before whom they
can appear in person, with the over?
whelming majoity of the electors, also
names of the town cn the petition,
and various resolutions, etc., to ap?
peal to said board for the removal of
the Elloree dispensary. The people
are making an honest, high-toned
fight.
Washington, Dec. 9.-Senator Lati
mer bas given up hope of the paspage
of his good roads bill at the present
session of congress. It has -been an?
nounced that economy is to be the
slogan of the session, and in every
quarter where euffort has been made
to obtain* support for the measure the
question of legislative extravagance
has been raised. The bill will die at
the end of the session.
Raleigh, N. C., Dec 9.-Mortimer
Brooks, of New York city, while hunt?
ing near Pittsboro, in Chatham coun?
ty, this State, today, was accidentally
and it is believed fatally wounded by
the discharge of both barrels of his
gun. He was crossing ? ditch when
the gun struck some obstruction and
went off, both' loads entering his left
side and passing through^his body.
TIE TRENTON HORROR.
No Clue to the Perpetrator of the
Awful Deed-Some Grounds
for Belief that Hughes
Killed His Family and
Theft Hlmsesf.
Trenton, S. C., Dec. 8.-This little
village, with its 300 inhabitants, has
been aroused today as never before
perhaps in its history. When Dr.
Alex Day was awakened at 5 o'clock
this morning by the roaring of flames,
which he soon discovered originated
from the house o? his neighbor Mr. 6.
B. Hughes, his first thought was of aid?
ing his neighbor'in his time of trou?
ble, and then when others arrived up?
on the scene and the awful scenes
which are now sn well told in the
daily papers, were laid before the hor?
ror-stricken gaze of those assembled,
the first thought which pierced the
benumbed senses of the villagers was
the idea that the horrible holocaust
was the result of accident. Later,
when the charred bodies bf Mr.
Hughes, his wife and their two lovely
daughters, Emma and Eva, were torn
from the debris of their home, the
father with a bullet hole through his
head, and: the mother and daughters
with their .heads crushed open, then
it was that the men of Edgefield
County thought that a cowardly fiend
created this awful havoc, possibly to
commit outrage, calling to his aid
the fire demon to wipe out the marks
of his crime. For awhile the crowds
surged into the little village and every
effort was made to .find a clue to the
dastardly murderer and if s?ich a sola- j
tion had been true, and it had been
possible .to find the fiend, there is no
doubt what the outcome would have
been.
For a while, believing that no j
other theory was possible, every effort
was made to find a chueco the murder
er. Bloodhounds were brought and
put on the trail, that was thought
suspicious, but no success resulted ;
the hounds failed to run down a tan?
gible quarry.
Now since time has been given for
reflection, and people have been abR to
consider ideas and facts that they cast
aside earlier in the day in the face of I
other theories, the horrible fact is I
gradually taking form in the minds of j
all that, awful as the idea may seem,
nothing remains to believe but that J
Bea Hughes brained his wife and
daughters,. set his house on fire, andi
then fired a pistol bullet through his
own Drain.
When the body of Mr. Hughes was
found he was fully dressed, even to J
having his gloves on, and this at 5
o'clock in the morning. His wife and
daughters were lying in their beds in
natural positions for sleeping. If an I
assassin, making noise sufficient to
3rouse the father to come to their as-1
sistance across the house, had attacked !1
the daughters, why was not the moth- !
or aroused also? The revolver found in !
the dead hand of Hughes had one car- j '
triage fired, as. shown by the indenta-1
tio? of tbe hammer, and the others
were exploded by heat. The bullet I
bole in his right temple was just a
proper direction for a self-inflicted !
wound, and not an article had been ;
taken from the house.
Afr. Hugues's watch, money and
store key were in his pocket, doing
away with the robbery theory. These 1
are the arguments used by those who
are now horror-stricken with their
own awful thoughts. .
This afternoon all is again peaceful
and quiet in Trenton. If the men of
Edgefield had sufficient grounds to ,
believe that the Hughes family were
murdered bx a living band, the men
of Edgefield would now be scouring
Bvery road and swamp for miles ;
around, but aa it is the crowds, which
have been perfectly quiet all day, have
dispersed* , and nothing is left but
awful sorrow for the deeds of a mind
that must have been temporarily de- \
ranged.
Ail day Trenton has been hushed.
Al! the stores have been elosed and
the school has been adjourned. To- 1
morrow the same paralysis of business ?
and school duties'will exist, for then
a great quadruple funeral will be held
and nearly every citizen in this section
will be among the mourners. ;
The slain family were related to
nearly every family here, and besides
were beloved by all.
Mr. Hughes was generally supposed
to be in gx>d circumstances. He was
just completing a handsome new
horse, and his wife and daughters
were looking forward to moving in be?
fore Christmas. He had quite a lot of
cotton ou band, and it is said that the
recent slump in prices had caused bim
to worry, and although not a frank
talker, he had been heard to express
some discouragement over his pros?
pects. Be was a sufferer from heart
tronble,aud complained of sleeplessness
yesterday evening, and remarked to
a friend last night he wanted to sro to
bed early, and closed up his store at
8 o'clock and went home.
Mrs. Hughes had also been ill a
great deal and Mr. Hughes had spent
a inree sum of money sending her to
different resorts for treatment, but
lately toe wife's health had^een bet?
ter.
After considering all the foregoing
facts, which might be a light upon
the theory of suicide, after slaying
his family, there are many also who
remember that^ a brother of Mr.
Hughes, while a student at the South
Carolina College, at the age of 18.
failed to pass an examination and
shut himself up in his room at College
and shot himself.
The coroner's jury met this morn
ing, but very little was developed at
the inquest, which was adjourned to
convene again on Monday.
That everybody here is horrified be?
yond measure goes without saying,
but that there is wild excitement and
talk of lynching is a report not veri?
fied by the facts. That the manhood of
Edgefield would have tamed out to
avenge such an outrage to one of Edge
field's homes also goes without saying,
j But when these men of Edgefield see
that the horror is beyond their power
to alleviate or avenge, then, they ac?
cept the awful anguish as men, and
their sorrow is too poignant for sense?
less raving.-News and Courier.
Newberry, Dec. 7.-The ten-year-old
daughter of Mr. C. P. ?Williams, of
West End, was seriously, perhaps
fatally, burned thi3 afternoon. Mrs.
Williams was in the yard washing
clothes, and the little girl went into
the house ?or a light. Her clothes
caught fire and she was narrowly res?
cued from immediate death.
AS SEEN BY WILLIAMS.
Democratic Leader Accounts For
Defeat and Offers Substantial
Encouragement.
Hon. v ">hn Sharp Williams of Mis?
sissippi, Jeader of the Democrtaic mi?
nority in the house and undoubtedly
one of the brainiest Democrats in
America, delivered a lecture before
the ' Woffofd College Lyceum, at Spar
tanburg last Friday night. The Spar
tanburg Herald of Saturday morning
contained quite a comprehensive report
of his speech and quotes him as hav?
ing said in part
"We have just undergone an over?
whelming defeat. I am a rock-ribbed
Democrat, and would be anywhere, in
Vermont or New Hampshire, but this
is not true of all Democrats, for some
of them are euch on account of the
race issue. The Republican party
created that issue, and since they
have they accuse us of race prejudice.
What they call the race issue, is race
knowledge. We are back in the Union
and there should never have been a
race issue. All of the southern states
would be Democratic now if there
were no race question. It is the tariff
which is the issue ; this is no local
question and would make us all Demo?
crats.
"After every great defeat there are
many people, weak hearted, who want
to seek cover and do not care to take
stock to find out the mistakes made.
This is not the first defeat of the
great historical party of the country.
Until our present form of-government
is changed, there will always be a
Democratic party. As I see it there
are three causes to be assigned for
the defeat of the party. What I be?
lieve to be the chief canse was the
association of the Democratic party in
the public mind with panic and de?
pression. Second, is the recrudence of
sectionalism as reluctant as I am to
admit it. They wish to cut down
southern representation and this is not
only in the minds of the Republicans,
but also some of the northern Demo?
crats. The Statesbcro affair cost us
half a million votes. We could not
Stop the discussion of it; we cited in?
stances of "northern cruelty to the ne?
gro and showed that lynching is not
confined to any state. But these were
not arguments; you can not condone
a wrong by citing another wroug.
We must enforce the law. We must
acknowledge that this is not a logical,
but it is a just argument against cut?
ting off our representation. We must
respect the law. I decline to say that
we are not capable, but lynch law is
not confined to one crime and we
must at all hazards uphold the law of
the land. We are called upon to meet
the greatest question which has ever
confronted a people and we are the
only people on earth that are able to
meet it. We seek no sympathy nor
ask favor of any manT bnt we want to
assert our rights and above all the
God-given right of the survival of
the fittest. But we should not forget
that we are not entitled to that title
until we prove ourselves the survival
Df the fittest. We have been so bitter?
ly and constantly criticised by others
that we hesitate to criticise ourselves.
"The third cause of our defeat is
the personal popularity of the presi?
dent.
''I was asked the other day as to
what we are going to do about it. I
replied, 'what are the Republicans go?
ing to do about it? They have the
most men on the board,, but we are
not going to stop on this account.
They are responsible for their moves."
"It is hinted that the Republicans
will revisa the tariff, that they intend
reciprocity with Canada, and that the
president will help the sooth. If this
be true, he will receive hearty support
from the Democrats in the house. AU
we want is to be treated as children
and not step-children of the American
republic.
"It has been declared that we have
abridged the constitution. When the
courts have decided, that, the house
will, act upon the judicial opinion.
We are 'riot "to force the issue of the
reduction of southern representation
upon the Republicans. We are not
seeking a row. It has been suggested
to make the representation according
to the vote taken. Taken when? This
will not do. Again, it has been sug?
gested to make representation accord?
ing to white population. But that
won't do. Many negroes who can now
vote would be shutout. But if the Re?
publicans consent to repeal thefif teenth
amendment and return to the four?
teenth the south will embrace it.
"We must face one of two things,
the Republicans will either do noth?
ing or reduce the southern representa
tion. In the first we can do nothing ;
in the second, it may be forced upon
us, but we will not consent to it.
There is no legislation to redistrict a
state. Let the states continue to do
nothing. When congress meets there
are five congressmen from South Caro?
lina instead of seven, but send the
seven men to congress, where some
will be turned away. But it is so ar?
ranged that they can draw one
months' pay. When this is refused
by the sergeant at arms, then the
court will take hold of it and thus we
can transfer it to a higher court, just
where we want it But this is not yet
done. Be of good cheer ; our destiny
is in our own hands."
Congressman Williams was present?
ed with a beautiful bouquet of white
carnations by the young ladies of Con?
verse who live in Mississippi.
Portland, Ore, Dec. 7.- This after?
noon the jury in the land fraud case,
which has been occupying the atten?
tion of Judge Bellinger's Court for
over two weeks, brought in a verdict
of guilty against all the defendants,
except Miss Marie Ware, after 45 min?
utes deliberation. No recommendations
as to punishment were made*. Miss
Ware was acquitted, following the
instructions or the Court.
York ville, Dec. 7.-Mr. O. C. G.
McCarter, a substantial and highly
respected citizen of King's Mountain
Township, in this count}-, committed
suicide yesterday morning at 6 o'clock
by hanging. He was about 50 years
old and his mind became unbalanced
by reason of humiliating family trou?
bles. He leaves a widow and several
Children, some of them being grown.
Macon, Ga., Dec. 7.-Hal Scofield
a well known white man, shot and
killed Green King, a negro property
owner, in a quarrel in a grocery store
here tonight A verdict of murder
was returned by the coroner's jury.
MBS. CHADWICK'S
! LAWYERS DESPONDENT.
They are Beginning to Lose Hope
of Obtaining Bail for Their
Notorious Client.
I New York, Dec. 13.-M rs. Cassie L.
: Chadwick's lawyers, Carpenter and
J Powers were early visitors at the
Tombs this morning, having come at
? the argent request of Mrs. Chadwick.
They closeted with her a long time
and when they came ont they were not
hopefnl of obtaining bail for their
client. They said that Mrs. Chad?
wick has not decided whether to go
back to Cleveland or not.
The prisoner, according to the
prison caterer, was np bright and early
this morning and ate a hearty break?
fast.
Cleveland, Ohio, Dec. 12.-Trouble
for Mrs. Cassie L. Chadwick increased
at a rapid rate today. She was twice
j indicted by the grand jury of Cuya
hoga county, and ber old-time friend,
lei Reynolds, took the stand in
Court, and made evident his intention
to shield and protect her no longer.
The aged secretary of the Wade Park
Bank presented a pathetic picture as
he m ansered question after question,
which brought out his own implicit
faith in the woman, whose financial
transactions have well-nigh ruined him
in fortune and caused him such in?
finite trouble. He gave evidence that
he still believes his trust was justified.
Only one query he attempted to evade.
This was when he was asked how
/much of his personal estate had passed
into the possession of Mrs. Chadwick,
bis eyes filled and he requested that
he be excused from answering. The
question was not pushed.
.tri Reynolds testified that he had
perfect .confidence in Mrs. Chadwick
and believed she was the Natural
daughetr of Andrew Carnegie and
that Carnegie was backing her, and
that alUher indebtedness would be
paid, "and," he added, "I have not
had anything yet to make me doubt
it."
The formal indictments voted
against Mrs. Chadwick this afternoon
are based, one upon the Carnegie note
for $250,000, which was made payable
at the office of Andrew Carnegie,
in New York city,and the other upon
the Carnegie note for $500,000, which
was payable at the National Bank of
Commerce, in New York, Under each
indictment are two counts, one charg?
ing forgery, the other uttering of
forged paper.
Information of the indictments was
at once wired to New York by County
Prosecutor Keeler, and the requested
that Mrs, Chadwick be immediately
rearrested if she obtained bail on
the other charges hanging over her.
The examination of Iri Reynolds,
treasurer and secretary of the wade
Park Bank, before Referee Remington
in the Bankruptcy Court today, failed
to disclose any asset that might be
obtained by Receiver Loesser, ap?
pointed by the Federal Court.
The Judge Swayne Investigation.
Washington, Dec. 13.-Representa?
tive Palmer (Republican of Pennsyl?
vania) placed the Swayne Impeach?
ment resolution before the house to?
day immediately after the reading of
the Journal. Be went into an extend
explanation ol the case against Judge
Swayne of the Northern District of
Florida charges against whom were
made by representative Lamar on be?
half of the State of Florida. The first
count against Swayne said Palmer is
contrary to law ; he did not reside in
the Judicial; district. The second
count was that Swayne being named
defendant in a civil suit over the title
to some real estate in ' Pensacola, ar?
rested the layers naming him as de?
fendant in the case and sent them to
prison with the alternative of one
hundred cro&azs fine declaring that the
lawyers were ht contempt of court for
making hin? a part to-the suit.
To Figkt the Bo!! Weevil.
Washington, Dec. 12. - Secretary
Wilson today recommended to the
house that an appropriation of $225, -
000 be made to meet the emergency
caused by the ravages of the cotton
boll weevil and of other insects and
diseases affecting cotton and to study
the diversification of crops, the secre?
tary of agriculture to be authorized to
expend the money in cooperation with
State experiment stations and practi?
cal cotton- growers.
New York, Dec. 13 -Excitement
reigned again on the floor of the Stock
Exchange this morning and a highly
nervous state of speculation was de?
picted by a flood of selling orders,
and values tumbled all along she line.
Brokers rushed here and there, trying
to dispose of orders at the best advan?
tage. For a time it appeared as if
the market was going to repeat the
sensational scenes of the last few
days. Amalgamated copper proved to
be a strong stock in the list and this
proved to be an influencing feature,
and the market turned. At noon the
market was steady, and the excitement
had largely abated.
Lisbon, Dec. 13.-A telegram from
Mossamedes, Portugese West Africa,
says that twenty-one vessels of the
Russian Baltic fleet have arrived
there en route for the far East.
Munich, ^Bavaria, Dec. 13.-The
Neuste Nachrichten reports that
Frau Hilgen, of Trosberg, Bavaria has
given birth to six children within the
past year. Last January she had trip?
lets and recently she gave birth to
triplets again. Medical authorities
say this is the greatest known record
in the birth rate.
Washington, D. C., Dec. lo.?-A
picked squadron of forty to fifty men
from the President's old Rough Rider
regiment will constitute the guard of
honor at the inauguration, Governor
A. C. Brodie, of Arizona, and Major
W. H. Llewellyn, formerly of the
President's regiment held a conference
at the white house with the Chief
Magistrate yesterday in reference to
this proposed guard of honor.
Jackson, Dec. 13.-A sensation has
been created here by the indictment
of H. T. Montgomey, a member of the
legislature, and J. C. Bryant and J.
B. Willis, members of the Board of
Supervisors of Lincoln County on the
charge of white-capping.
"TEXAS WILL HOLD.
Telegram from Texas About Hold
! in Cotton Received by Hon. R.
! A. Love.
Chester, Dec. 8.-Mr. R. A. Love,
of this city, as received the following
telegram :
"Greenville, Texas, Dec. 7, 1904.
To E. A. Love, Chester, S. C., Vice
President Southern Cotton Growers'
Protective association :
4'Mass meetings have been called in
every county in Texas, Indian Terri?
tory and Oklahoma, on the 17th, io
hold cotton. Texas will hold.
R. R. Lauder, president; N. C
Murray, secretary ; E. h.. Peter?,
vice president."
THE EDBEF1ELD HOBBOB,
Coroner's Jury Bring in a Verdict
of Death at the Hands of Per?
sons Unknown to the
Jury.
Edgefield, Dec. 12-The verdict of
the corner's jury, held today, was
that the victims of the Hughes trage?
dy came to their death at the hands
of parties unknown to the jory. Only
the testimony of the two physicians
who held the post-mortem was taken.
They gave it as their opinion that
Mr. Hughes's deatn was naused from
a pistol wound in the head, and that
i the heads of the others were crushed
with a blunt instrument, causing
their death.
I PARDONED'WALTER MUXOY.
Negro Who Discovered Poisoning
Plot Turned Loose.
Colombia, Dec. 12.-Governor Hey?
ward pardoned Walter Maxcy, a negro
boy sent up from this county for eigh?
teen months at the last term of court
for stealing a watch. Macxy was a
hackman, and it wa3 charged that he
took the watch from a passenger. A
few weeks ago he discovered a plot on
the county chain gang among two of
the prisoners to poison another prison?
er and one of the guards and promptly
reported it to the athorities. The plot
was discovered to be true in every
detail and the county officials request?
ed that Walter be pardoned as a re?
ward.
Invitation Sent io Gov. Vardaman.
Special to The State.
Washington, Dec. 12.-President
Roosevelt has directed that Missis?
sippi be shown the same consideration
as the other States in the invitation
to the inauguration ceremonies, and
an invitation was accordingly sent to
the governor toddy and afeo a letter of
inquiry by the chairman of the mili?
tary committee asking him how
many, if any, Mississippi militiary
companies desrre tot participate in
the ceremonies. Because of the
numerous insults ??ov. Varda?
man has offered the president the
inaugural committee was in a dilem?
ma as to whether to send him an
invitation when they appealed to the
president with this result.
Bloody Oaths of Mornnmism.
Washington, De<?. 13.-At the Smoot
hearing this morning the blood curd?
ling oaths taken by candidates in the
"Endowment ouse" we re fo rHtbe
first time officially revealed. The wit?
ness was B. P. Wallis a former dor?
man who had gone through the cere?
mony. The first oath was that the
witness swore that should he divulge
any of the secrets, he consented to
have his throat erst from ear to ear and
his tongue torn from from fis roots,
the second was that his throat should
be cut asunder and bis vitals torn oat,
and the third' that his body should be
torn asunder and his bowels jerked bufc
St. Petersburg, Dec. 13.-The tria
of M. Sazonoff for the Murder of M.
Pl eh ve, the Russian Minister of the
Interior and Si-korski his accomplice
opened here today. The court was
surrounded by great crowd, but the
police keep the public out ol the trial
chamber.
Washington,. Dec. 13.-The senate
today agreed to the house resolution
providing holiday from December 21
to January 4th.
Columbia Record: When Thomas
W. Lawson first began his expose of
the corrupt practices of trusts and
corporations, how they swindled an
unwary and confiding public, little
serious attention was paid to what he
said. The magazine bas increased its
circulation from about 150,000 to over
600,000, which snoNvs that the people
are reading -his articles, and as he
mentions names and circumstances
withoat regard to who may be hit,
the people will, believe what he says,
unless the charges can be disproved.
Lawson says one of his objects is to
make the trusts disgorge their enor?
mous gains made _by swindling the
people, and if he succeeds in arousing
the people, as he seems likely to, there
will be something radical to happen.
Lawson is giving that publicity to the
[ operations of some of the trusts that
[ the department of commerce is sup?
posed to do. He is exposing rotten?
ness which is startling to the public,
and he is doing it better than any de?
partment can do, because he was in
touch and associated with those who
are responsible for the criminal acts
he tells about.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention is probably patentable. Communicn
tions strictly confident lal. Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest aeeney for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
tptcial notice* without charge, in the
Scientific American.
A handsomely illustrated weekly. frinrest ctr
'ulatio.i of any BdentWc journal. T erms, fd a
year: four months, $L Soklbyall newsdealers
& Gg.3e,B'M*o?' Hew Yor?
TVn'K' i o 3<re. CS V ?-t" Wash tust ot*. D. C
GIRGUMST?NTIAL EVIDENCE.
A Case in Which it Would Have
Told Against an Innocent Man.
"Several years ago I took a late
train from Boston to New York," said
a man of business in Kansas City.
"In tbe morning I was awakened ear?
lier than nsnal by the porter, who
said that a robbery had been commit?
ted on the sleeper during the night
and that all the passengers woald
have to get np. Some one had taken
s?x one-hnndred-dollar bills from the
clothing of a gentleman who occupied
a berth in the middle of the car. Ev?
ery section had been taken befoie he
left Boston and as the train bad been
almost constantly in motion it seemed
certain that the person who had com?
mitted the theft was still on the car.
" The porter said no one had been
aboard but the passengers, and that
none of them had left. It was propos
ed to search everybody. A man who
had a berth directly opposite from the
one who had been robbed objected.
He told his name and said any one
might easily find that he was a man
of good reputation. In. the meantime
some officers boarded the car and after
a little swearing got the money from
the colored porter, who was the guilty
one.
"Then the passenger who had re?
fused to be searched asked the officers
to examine his pockets. This seemed
strange, but he insisted. In an inside
pocket they found six one-hundred
dollar bills. It was merely a coinci?
dence that he should have the same
amount of money as the other pas?
senger had lost, and in exactly the
same denominations, but he knew that
under the circumstances he could
hardly establish his innocence. How
was that for a case of circumstantial
evidence?"-Nashville American.
WAR ON TIE BOLL WEEVIL.
Large Gathering of Delegates at
Shreveport Discussing Plans.
Shreveport, Dec. 12.-The National
Boll Weevil and Cotton convention
was called to order this afternoon by
Judge John C. Pugh, chairman of
the executive committee. Delegates
continue to arrive and over 300 are
registered. Many prominent people
identified with cotton growing inter?
ests are present. Nobody has yet
been decided upon for permanent
chairman.
The delegates have many plans for
eradication of the insect. Dr. S. A.
Xiiapp io charge of the government
work in the boll weevil district in
Texas and Louisiana is reported as
saying the question had been practi?
cally solved and cultural methods are
the only hope for the planters. He
advocates the burning of every stalk
of cotton while it is yet green. The
session of the convention this after?
noon will be' devoted wholly to or?
ganization.
The Crum Matter.
Washington, Dec. 32.-The Tillman
resolution directing the senate com?
mittee on the judiciary to inquire into
the validity of recess appointments
was taken up by the committee today
and discussed at length. The resolu?
tion was offered by Senator Tillman as
the result of the contest waged by him
to prevent the confirmation of W. D.
Cram, a negro, nominated for collec?
tor of the port of Charleston, S. C. The
question was referred to a sub-com?
mittee composed of Senators Mc
Comas, Nelson and Bacon.
The reading public will recall the
occasion when a white chambermaid
in an Indiana hotel refused to make
up the bed in which Booker Wash?
ington had slept. It will further be
recalled that she was at once the re?
cipient of numerous offers of marriage
from admirers all over the country, lt
now appears, for we confess that we
had not followed closely the fortunes
of this spirited young woman, that
she accepted one of these offers and
became Mrs. Levi E. Hadley. The
fact might have escaped our attention
but for the announcement that her
former admiring suitor has now sued
for a divorce on charges of cruelty.
He takes oath that his wife bas au
ungovernable temper and "frequently
Ptruck him." Thus is the romanee
dispelled. After all, one takes chances
when marrying a heroine; sfce is
rarely willing to recognize the ma?
jesty of a mere man, as Mr. Hadley's
bruises bear witness.-State.
Land Surveying
I will give prompt attention to all calla
for surveying, platting, terracing bill sides,
draining bottoms, drawing Mortgages
Titles, Probating, <fec
BANKS H. BO YXIN, D.
Oct 19-0 Catefea?, S. C.
Tie Lariat ai Mest Collete
MblMMt Mil
Geo. S. Hacker & Son,
MANUFACTURERS OF
DOORS, SASH, BUNDS,
Moulding & Building
Material.
office and Warerooms, King, opposite Cac
non Street,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
?Sf Pnrc?aae oar make, which we gu?rante
superior to any sold South, and
thereby pave money.
Window and Fancy Glass a Specialty
i October lb.. -

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